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The Columbia herald. [volume] (Columbia, Tenn.) 18??-1935, April 02, 1897, Image 8

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THE COLUMIJLN HERALD: FiilDAY. APIUL 2, 18I"
To the clrl unJer 14 years
Hie ereatcst number of
IWCK'S TRADI MARKS
from the newspapers of this' city. Trade
Marks must be enclosed In envelope or neat
packace, plainly marked with name and uJ
dress and left at our store.
THE NICKEL PLATED RANGE IS NOW ON EXHIBITION IN OUR WINDOW.
CCMFETITION CLOSES April 15, 1897 at 12 a. m.
S Telephone 73.!
Agricultural and Live
Items of Interest to farmers and
Horsemen.
Mascot, 2:04, will not be raced
this season.
At a public sale of Poland-Chinas
at l'ena, 111., 41 head averaged $29.46.
Thirty-three sows averaged $32.1)8.
Racing will begin at Memphis on
April 10, and the feature of the
opening day will be the Montgomery
Handicap. The Tennessee Derby
will be run on Monday, April 19.
The little chicks can now be heard
chirping in nearly every poultry
yard. Do not neglect them. Keep
them in out of the wet and do not
allow them to become chilled.
Following is a complete list of
trotters and pacers that have gone
miles In harness in 2:05 or better:
Pacers Robert J, 2:01); John R.
Uentrv, 2:00; Joe Patchen, 2:03:
Htar Pointer, 2:02'; Frank Agan,
2:03?i; Mascot, 2:04: Flying Jib,
2:04; Strathberry, 2:04; Rubin
stein, 2:05; Online, 2:04: Hal
Pointer, 2:04V, Hal Dillard, 2
Trotters Alix, 2 :03, Nancy Hanks,
2:04; Azote, z:04?4'.
The Buffalo Express contains the
following: When old Hal Pointer,
2:041o, was sold by the Hamlins for
$1,000, he was considered well sold
by horsemen ' generally, for very
few of them thought any other
driver than Oeers could make the
son of Tom Hal earn a dollar above
campaigning expenses. The Year
Book shows, however, that Hal
Pointer last season won $1,501 during
the year, and as he. was raced over
the half mile tracks of this State
and Pennsylvania, his shipping ex
penses must have been very light
I he old fellow started in 12 races,
being first in six, second in four and
third in two. His best heat was at
Ithaca, where he stepped one of his
miles in 2:14,'. The once famous
horse has had a more varied career
than most great horses, and it is to
be hoped that he will rind a com
fortable home in his last years. It
is not generally known that Hal
Pointer was once owned by a Pres-
bvterian church, but such i? the fact
When the bav srelding was owned
by Capt. Henry Pointer, of Hprin
Hill, Term., and used as a saddl
horse, that gentleman was called
upon by a committee of the Pres
byterian Church of that place, and
of which . Captain Pointer was
member, for a donation of $20o
Captain Pointer could not well spare
the money just at that time, but
olfered the committee his bay sad
die horse instead. The horse was
accepted and sold; placed in
trainer's care by his new owner, and
the world has known him since as
Hal Pointer.
Agriculture.
It is not the land, but the man,
usually, at fault when the crop9 are
poor, and tire man is to be credited
when they are large and profitable.
It is very certain that the success of
a man's work depends upon the
amount of intelligence possessed by
the man himself.
It used to be the fashion to burn
straw stacks. It is now doubted if
we should ever burn the corn stalks
from the field. Too much is burned
which should be otherwise disposed
of. We will be the better off when
more of these "land marks" of the
"good old times" are removed.
However low the prices may be, it
will always pay to do the best we
can. If the profit from a good crop
of wheat or corn, or from a good
beef animal, is small, remember that
it would have been much smaller
still if the crop or the animal had
been a poor one.
When clover seed is sown early
the freezing and thawing of the
ground get it covered "well before
there is enough warm weather to
sprout it. When sprouted it is so
well protected that ft is not injured
by a freeze which would kill it if the
roots were exposed. Mr. Terry says
he would rather sow at Christmas
than late in the spring.
When the corn crop Is. ensiled it
can be done in pleasant weather,
and one operation suffices for- all.
Otherwise, it must be cut and
shocked until cured; then husked
out- and cribbed, and the fodder
stacked or stored under shelter J nnd,
line
are
Do
Bobbins
Stock Department.
before being
should be run
fed, all this crop
through the hopper
and the cutter.
The United States produces less
than one-seventh of the sugar it
consumes. Yearly we make about
200,000 tons of cane sugar, but all
suitable land is occupied; we are
producing fewer than 40,000 tons of
beet sugar, while our opportunities
for raising beets are unlimited.
Hasten the day in which we shall
need to import no sugar to these
shores.
Potatoes are not much injured by
the shade, and are a good crop to
grow in a young orchard; and the
potash, which is a good fertilizer for
this crop, is also good for the trees.
Corn is also a good crop to grow
there, and It can be grown two or
three years In succession.
Has your ban proved to be a good
investment, paying a fair interest
upon the amount of its cost? It
should do so and will if you use it
to fully protect the crops from the
weather, to shelter the cattle from
the cold, and to keep the manure
from wasting until it can be applied
to the land.
It is well, indeed, to be an honor
able and honored "horny handed
son of toil," yet there is a knowledge
wnien does not come to us by
nature, but by careful study. A
successiui man must discover upon
what foods his own plants feed, and
what degree of supply he has for
them. He must waken up to tho
facts which surround him.
The potato is the most valuable
vegetauie we nave, and no pains
should oe spared in its cultivation
1 he quality depends much upon the
land where it is grown. Very heavy
ciays and low, wet soils can not pro
duce a mealy tuber.
Hoi-gen.
. Millet which ripened before being
cut is not a safe food. The stems
are woody and not of much value
The seeds are very rich, and are apt
to founder horses, and if mouldy in
the last degree have a bad effect
upon the kidneys. When cut at the
proper time it is a valuable food for
all stock.
The attempt to make a team draw
too heavy a load is a waste of time.
Three trips with moderate loads
may be made in the time required
for two very heavy ones. Botli team
and driver will be saved a great
deal of unpleasantness. The risk of
injury to horse and wagon is too
great.
We use pure bred sires altogether
in swine and sheep, and certainly
with the light of present low prices
for all but the best class of horses it
is important to breed only that
which is pure. It takes from three
to nve years to get them into mar
ket, and this market is calling every
year for something better.
We must have weight in the collar
to propel the wheels of industry, and
we can not fool the buyers with a
1,000 pound horse. Heavier horses
of 1,600 or 1,800 pounds, are wanted,
and more of them. These heavy
draft mares can do good work upon
the farm and raise a good colt every
year.
A farmer can raise a horse to three
years old and make good money on
him at $75; that is, in comparison
with other farm products. We
should not ask a horse to make a
farm pay for itself each year. If we
can get $150 for him there will be a
pretty profit.
Sheep.
If lambs three or four weeks old
are fed lightly at first on bran and
ground oats, gradually increasing
their ration as they become accus
tomed to eating, they can be
materially helped In their growth.
Better err In having them a little
hungry than to give too much and
have them of! their feed for a week.
If a sheep is not likely to pay for
its feed in mutton or wool, it is bet
ter to get something for its pelt.
There are constantly animals which
should be weeded out, if kept in
numbers, to avoid expense of feed
ing and to escape the worse danger
of perpetuating its poor qualities by
breeding.
The Shropshire has a round, solid
body and a good fleece of six or
a Just Received
a car load of Palmetto, Step and New
Enterprise Stoves. Prices lower than
ever.
Complete
of Agate, Iron and Tinware,
the
We
Crockery House
of Columbia and will not be undersold.
Our prices are money-savers.
Need a Churn?
We sell the Favorite Uarrel Churn.
()'er one thousand sold in Maury
County. Ask your neighbor about
them.
Headquarters for Bicycles and Bicy
cle Sundries.
$f JEwing.
eight pounds, and is an excellent
sheep for a small flock upon the
farm and for domestic use. Its size
and nature of Us mutton and wool
suit the demand, and it is most
often seen at the fairs and in the
market.
Where sheepmen believe more in
mutton than in fleece they should
show their faith by breeding up
with the best mutton bucks. In
deed, when a flock is on this basis it
will prove much more satisfactory
than when the profit depends wholly
upon the idiosyncracie of the wool
market.
While sheep will get more
sustenance from poor land, and at
the same time do the land more
good than any other stock we may
possess, it must not be forgotten
that they will also repay liberal
feeding. Food wisely fed will al
ways come back to us doubled, if fed
to a good animal.
Dairy.
A good milch cow has broad hind
quarters and thin forequarters, thin
ana deep neck, pointed withers,
head pointed between the horns, flat
and fine boued legs and fine hair.
Choose one with udders well forward,
wide apart and large enough to be
eaily grasped. A medium sized
cow will give more milk in propor
tion to the food she eats.
To procure the cream from cows
long in milk, use fully one-fourth its
volume of pure cold water to dilute
it sufficiently to allow the butter fat
to rise, and then let it sit in a cool
place for 30 hours. The cream can
then be easily taken from the deep
blue milk.
Keep in mind that a dairy well
managed will increase the value of
the farm, for, instead of hauling all
the hay and other feed to the city
market at home, and the apparent
waste is used upon the land as a
fertilizer, adding constantly to its
value.
The price for the best butter is al
ways high enough to ensure a profit
to the maker, and the price of the
poorest is always low enough to en
sure a loss. These facts do not
show that there is any trouble with
the business of dairying itself, but
rather with the methods of many
dairymen.
Let us never stop preaching that
it is poor economy for a farmer to
keep poor animals, whose feed costs
more than the value of the milk
they give. Every step connected
with dairying must be conducted
upon busiuess principles in order to
get a fair per cent, of profit.
Because feeding the cows a liberal
ration of highly concentrated food,
there is no reason for omitting
plenty of hay and fodder. All the
hay they will eat clean in the morn
ing, the clean straw they will pick
at noon and good corn fodder at
night is about what they should
have.
Not the least important product
or the dairy is the cattle manure
If this manure, with the absorbents
used to save the liquids, be spread
daily in a flat pile under cover, with
the deposits from the horse stables
in alternate layers, it will compost
into one or the most pertect iertil
izers upon the farm.
Hogs and chickens are usefu
workers In the barn yard. If let run
in the yard in winter tune, it cov
ered, they will do splendid work in
composting the manures and in sav
ing grain which will otherwise be
wasted.
Talcott says that many a farmer
wastes more money than lie earns
every winter by letting the water
from the barn roof wasli the good
ness out of the cow manure, and by
leaving the horse manure in coni
cal piles to heat up and go to heav
en in emoke long before the owner
gets there to see what a pile of waste
he makes.
Butter and eggs seem really made
to go together,, and nothing fits bet
ter on a dairy farm than a moderate
lot of chickens. Not only do the
CASTORIA
For Infants and Children.
ruh
Hauls
dim
tin
nrr
ll(UtBM
latter consume the wuste milk pro
ducts witli profit, but those who pay
the best prices for golden butter will
be quickest to t uy the fresh eggs
and the fat poultry. They mutually
help, each the sale of t e other.
Heating milk to 125 degrees hast
ens the rising of the cream ; so does
the cooling of it down to 40 or 50 de
grees. It is the rapid changing of
the temperature which does the
work. It raises because of its
specific gravity, and that nf cream
is 15 per cent, below that of water.
Horticulture.
Patent apple gatherers are a little
too rough for fruit of the choicest
quality, and for any which must be
kept a long time. The apples are
shaken upon a canvas, which rolls
them to the foot of the tree; but
many of them must be bruised by
striking tlie branches. Fruit which
must be kept must be hand picked.
Hie strawberry, when trans
planted, is the most liable of fruits
to failure. It is in full leaf, and is
apt to be set too deep, and the crown
will rot; or not being planted deep
enough, the earth settles away,
leaving the upper part of the root
exposed, causing the plant to dry
and perish.
The quince is a profitable fruit to
grow, as after the trees are in bear
ing they rarely have an "olf year."
Because they often die some im
agine that they are difficult to deal
witli. ihis is almost always the re
sult of carelessness and the lack cf
proper cultivation.
A poorly bearing orchard can
often be redeemed. Manure heavily
in the fall. Let it lie on the surface
all winter, and in the spring plow
ju6t enough to give the manure a
coating of soil. Fruit buds will
probably show in the fall, and if too
much growth is made pinch back
the leading shoots.
When the trees are badly infected
with bark lice, there is perhaps no
better remedy than to wash their
trunks with a very Btrong solution
of tobacco, to which is added alike
portion of equally strong soap suds.
Put on thoroughly with an old
broom, brush or a cloth.
MELANGE.
Nonsense ami
News, Odd anil K lids,
and Otherwise.
Wine
The true standing of an editor is
appreciated after death, if not be
fore. A lawyer sent the following
words of consolation to the widow
of an editor: "I cannot tell you
how pained I was to hear that your
husband had gone to heaven. We
were bosom friends, but can never
meet again."
For inoculating the Russian Em
press and her son Paul against small
pox in 1769 Baron Dimsdale received
ou.ouo as a lee, SIO.OOU lor expenses
and an annuity of $2,500, while In
addition to all this, he was granted
the title of barou.
A man will die for the want of air
n five minutes, for want of sleep in
ten aays, ior want 01 water in a
week and for want of food at vary.
ing periods, dependent on circum
stances.
A Kentucky paper does not esne
cially advocate a curfew law, but
thinks a bell put on every male citi
zen of the town so he could be loca
ted at night would be a good thing.
1 he true test of civilization is not
the census, nor the size of cities,
nor the crops, but the kind of man
that the country turns out. Emer
son.
A gang of horse thieves in Arkan
sas have adopted a plan of bleach
ing the hair 01 stolen horses. The
bleaching is done by means of rub
br blankets and sulphur vapor. In
tins way a black horse can be stolen,
bleached yellow before daylight,
and after his mane and tail have
been clipped it would be a hard mat
ter to establish his indentity.
1 1
"Why is a naughty schoolboy like
a typewriter? "Uni! l suppose
because you've got to thump him to
make him spell. '
Seems as if consumption always picks
out the hricrhtpRt nnrl hpst. Fullv 0110-
8ixth of all the deaths that occur in the
world arc caused by comsiimption
Many tilings were once considered 1m
possible. It would be strange if medi
cal science did not make some progress
The telegraph and telephone, the pho'
nograph, the electric light all were
once impossible, and once it was im
possible to cure consumption. Tha
was before the time of lr. Pierce'
Women Medical Discovery. Taken ae
cording to directions, this standard rem
edv win cure US per cent, or all cases o
consumption. Consumption Is caused
and fostered by Impurity in the blood
It is cured by the "Medical Discovery
It builds up solid healthly flesh and
vigorous strength. Dr. Pierce's Com
mun Sense Medical Adviser, a 1008 page
medical work, proruseiy illustrated
will be sent free on receipt of 21 one
cent stamps to cover postage only,
dress, World's Dispensary Medical
sociation, IJtiffalo, N. Y.
Ad
As
W0111I March Down Stairs.
One of the district school trustees
was a crank on the subject of fire
and when he called around with the
examining board ho always con
fined his remarks to a question ad
dressed to the pupils as to what they
would do in case the building should
catch nre. The teacher was ac
quainted with his hobby, so she
prompted her scholars as to the
answer they should give when h
arose to propound his accustome
inquiry. When the board called
however, this particular trustee
perhaps from a desire to emulate
his associates in their addresses
rose and said: "You boys and girls
have paia such nice attention to Mr
Jones remarks, I wonder what you
would do If I were to make you
little speech?" Quick as thought
hundred voices piped in unison
"Form a lino and march down
stairs." Detroit Free Press.
The Ancient Fane.
For several centuries the purse waj
always worn fastened to the girdle.
cot parse got his name from the fact
that rather than take the time to loose
the rurse from the belt, where it was
Itcurcd if luetics, he cut the. gtrayi,
JcgelablcPreparationfor As
similating thcTood and Regula
ting the Stomachs and Bowels of
PromotesT)igcstion,ChccTru!
ncss and Rcst.Contains neither
Opiurn.Morphine nor Mineral.
Not Naucotic.
Buy oroidTtsMimnajsa.
Jmpkm Sad"
jtnitt Sttd I
Jimrmnt - f
JJiCtuionattSaia, I
Him Sad- I
Clarilud Sugar . I
Vig&yrvui rianti I
Apcrfect Remedy for Constipa
tion, Sour Stomach.Diarrhoea,
Worms .Convulsions Jevcrish
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
lac Simile Signature of
"NEW YORK.
EXACT COPY OF WRAPPEB.
. A
HARRIS & COLE BROTHERS,
Manufacturers
HOUGH and DRESSED LUMBER
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Also Sash, Doors, Blinds and Mouldings.
WOOD delivered to all parts of the city.
IVOood poplar logs and lumber wanted. Call and tee m before buy Ing eluewbere.
TELFPHONE No. 15. feMi ly
Always Progressive . . .
ACME EASY CHAIR.
YOUR CHOICE FOR $7.50.
Correct designed,
finely made, superb
finish, medium price,
complete assortment
of Secretaries, Combination Book-cases,
Sideboards, Library
Desks.
juneS ly
IT IS EASY TO
FIND BARGAINS at
Hood& McCarthys
CROCKERY, GLASSWARE,
TINWARE, HOUSE-FURNISHINGS.
309 North
Telephone 2.
RAILROAD TIME TABLE.
LoulnviU and Xanhvllle Division.
north:
No. 2 leaves ft-M p. m
No. 4 leaves 6:'.".' a. m.
No. 8 (Accommodation) leaves... 5:.r5 p, m,
No. " " leaves... 8:30 a. m.
SOUTH.
No. 8 (faet line) leaves.'..... 10:32 . m
No. 1 (fast line) leaves 12:45 a, m
No. 7 (Gallatin and Iecatur Ac
commodation) leaves... P:20 a. m
No. 5 (Pulaski Acco'nl leaves.... S:uO p. nj
Nnhvllle and Florence Division.
south:
No. 21 Accommodation, leaves. .Jo;.) , m
north.
No. 22 Florence Accommodation,
betw'n TuNrumhin and Co
lumbia, arrives 6:50 p. m
Nashville. Chattanooga A St. Loala Rail
road Puck Kiver Valley Division.
EAST.
No. 1 leaves :K0 a. m.
No. i leaves e.-Jto p. m,
WIST.
No. 1 arrives 6:00 p. m.
No. 2 arrives 8:20 a. m.
Close connection Is made with throngo
trains on the Louisville and Nashville and
Great Southern Railroad.
SEE
THAT THE
FAC-S1M1LE
SIGNATURE
OF
IS ON THE
WRAPPER
OF EVERT
BOTTXJ2 OP
(fu
1 1
Oaatoria U put tip in one-ilze lottlei only. II
U not told la balk. Don't allow anyone to
yon anything elso on the plea or promlu the ii
it " jntt at good" and "will answer every pro
pose." Bee that von get 0-A-S-T-0-&-1-A,
Tfcifu
and Dealeriln
and Up-to-Date !
Our offerings for
the spring season
will be found to in
clude the latest and
best ideas in
CHAIRS s COUCHES.
fmmmmggBSi
acme hygienic couch (patenter.
Cases, and Ladies1
W. J. OATTES
North Main Street, Columbia, Teuu.
College St.
j Nashville, Ten
ou are if jou get yonr lirint
ins: done at the HERALD JOB
OFFICE. And if you're ml
there's no reason under the
why you shouldn't be. Bring
your work to ns, and you'll be
a happier and richer man for
so doing.
mi v
,
J
Are you
i

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