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THE COLUMBIA IIEIIA.LJJ: FH1DAY, JUNE 10, 11K
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SHOO FLY ! SHOO FLY !
Don't bother me ! Well, if you buy your Screen Doors,
Windows, and Screen Wire Cloth from us you won't have any
"flies on you." Don't keep Hies off, but keeps them out. We
keep all the standard size doors from 2 ft. G in. by G ft. G in., to
3 ft. by 7 ft., also screen sash to fit any windows.
REFRIGERATORS. There Is no luxury equal to a good refrige
rator. We have them fiom $10.00 to $20.00.
Citizens' TelepHone 73.
Agricultural and Live
As late as the first and second
week in August turnips may be
sown and a crop procured, and often
the very spot which was wet alt
8pringwill produce a magnificent
yield of turnips which will make
good stock feed all winter.
As catch crops, buckwheat or
Hungarian grass may be sown as
late as July 4. These crops have
both a market value, or, if a market
Is not accessible, they may be put to
good use on the farm.
There are spots on every farm
which fT some reason have pro
duced nothing, but these should not
be idle 11 the year. As late as June
sorghum may be planted for fodder
or for green food for cows and hogs;
or early varieties of potatoes, Hub
bard squashes or late cabbage may
be grown. The latter can be trans
planted as late as July from seed
sown in May. The squashes will be
excellent for the cows and hogs,
and nothing is more relished by
sheep than cabbage; It Is an ideal
winter food for breeding ewes.
At present prices for farm land
one can hardly afford to pay rent.
IJetter try to get a piece of one's
own, even though it be small, and
bo in the line to profit when prices
go up again, as they surely will and
are already doing. There is not
much inducement to put full culti
vation and fertilizing on the laud of
It is the land which produces the
plant food contained in the manure
and the soil, and not the farm stock,
which should be credited with its
value. If the manure used is
charged to the crops raised, the ma
nure made ought also to be credited.
Onljr the labor of drawing and
spreading should be taken into the
Wiule a clay soil will maintain
for years the manure washed into
it, a sandy soil can never be perma
nently enriched. Do not make the
mistake of buying a farm of light
sandy soil for the reason that it will
be more easily worked and will not
become muddy. Such land Is good
for some special crops, but it
possesses less strength than others.
If you have sown clover with the
wheat, much damage may be done
the former by leaving the wheat
standing too long in shock. If thus
treated the clover will have bare
spots all over the field where it has
been smothered by the wheat.
Is the "average" farmer a failure?
In these days, when information is
plenty and knowledge every man's
privilege, the averate farmer
should be able to conduct his busi
ness so as to get above the average,
and then the average would be
raised until In ti,me it would be an
honor to be only an average fanner.
Late this month plant squashes in
the early potato patch, and by the
time the potatoes are dug the
squashes will be ready to take
possession and make the second
crop on the same piece of ground,
beside keeping the weeds down.
One reason for the English suprem
acy in mutton growing is that
there the lambs and sheep are fed
always upon the best the land
a Holds, and are not cocflned to
short pastures and stubble fields.
Breeders to-day are looking more
toward individual excellence in
cows, sheep and swine than they are
toward breed. Breed is not a suffi
cient guaranty that an animal is up
to the standard. Good breeds de
generate through poor handling un
til the character of their ancestors
is hardly discernible.
Where sheepmen believe more in
mutton than in fleece they should
show their faith by breeding up the
best mutton bucks. When a flock is
on this basis it will prove much
more satisfactory than when the
profit depends wholly upon the
idiosyncracies of the wool market.
When considering the problem of
sheep raising let us remember that
they multiply faster than any other
animal ; especially do the large mut
ton breeds, which often produce
Sheep fatten much more easily
than cattle, and when slaughtered
furnish not only meat, but wool, the
latter not only keeping indefinitely,
BICYCLES. We are agents for the Cre
cent wheels. None better at any price. Bicy
cle sundries. Wheels repaired on short notice.
CREAM FREEZERS, it
want the best rmide, buy a Gem Freezer.
sell the White Mountain Freezer. 8ee our
ces, they are money-savers.
BABY CAHKIAGES. Trices from $4.G
to $15,00. Rubber tires and foot brakes. New
est colors in upholstery and parasols.
t forget ivc arc the people
the lowest prices on Crockery,
and Timvare. And ive sell
but paying for long transportation.
Let us fix it in mind that sheen
never crop a pasture but to benefit
it. Moreover, climb over rocks and
ledges where cows would not io.
and almost every herb which grows
suffices them for food.
The United Htates has about 50
Fheep for every hundred of popula
tion, wnile Australia has .i.OOO to the
same number of inhabitants. It is
not yet time to talk about slowing
up on stock raising on the American
Even in the beef raising countries
of the West butchers are no longer
able to get as good meat as the trade
demands, and this is especially true
of more Eastern cities. There is a
paying market for the best qualities
of beef every where.
lo fatten an old milch cow for the
butcher, begin as soon as she has
calved, and feed her as much grain
as her old teeth will grind for diges
tion during the time she is in pas
ture. She will gain in milk and
flesh, and will fatten quickly about
the time the milk fails. This will
procure the "fat and lean" which
the buyer likes.
With the whole world for our
market, and with the best facilities
for producing and marketing the
best meats in the world, our farmers
should meet the advancing prices
with better stock and more of it.
The shortage in beef cattle is real,
and higher prices must come.
Farmers should bear in mind that a
shortage can not be overcome in a
single season. Get good young
stouk on the way just as fast as
The old Hebrew custom was to
leave grain in the fields for the
gleaners. Let us be as merciful to
our cattle, and leave the nubbins
unhusked. The cows will eat them
with the fodder, and will be greatly
helped in the milk yield thereby.
Tho average farmer loads himself
down with much poor stock. If one
cow inakss but half the amount of
butter another yields, the latter
may possibly pay her keeping, but
the profit is all in the other; and the
cost for keeping the two is just the
We can not take too good care of
our young stock, for out of this
nursery comes our dairies and our
good beef cattle. Calves can be
trained to be "good" as well as can
The milk will sour in some of our
fans, despite all our care and clean
iness. Sterilize the fresh milk by
bringing it to just 155 degrees of
temperature, and then cooling it.
The butter will be just as good.
The success of the dairy depends
altogether upon the man who owns
the cows, lie can elect to own good
stock and to do thorough work if he
will. It all lies in the judgement,
thought and skill of the dairyman.
No luck, no law. no co-operation
can influence the yield of milk nor
the cost of food ; neither have they
aught to do with the thoroughness
of the creaming or the quality or
A succession of best crops for
dairy food can be had from an ara
ble farm, and the prominent part
made to play by feeding root crops
and soiling is well worth consider
ing. It is becoming a fixed opinion
that a grass farm is not always the
best for the dairyman.
The use of brewery grains seems to
be steadily increasing, and their
popularity is based upon the expe
rience of those who have used them.
Attempts have been made to dry
them, that they may be better han
dled and shipped.
The majority do not know more
about the dairy or cattle, or any
other branch of farming, than did
their fathers. The most of preach
ing goes into shut ears and minds.
Few men act upon the best informa
tion at hand, even though it be laid
before them time after time.
Any deviation from the accustom
ed time of feeding or milking will
soon show its result in tho milk
bucket. Regularity is a first requis
ite in the dairy. A man wtio has not
the gift of punctuallity would better
stay out of the business, for his fail
ure will be a pretty sure thing.
WP iif -UXft
It is best to hatch the earliest laid
turRey eggs under chicken hens, as
tney keep close to the house, while
a turkey mother will go so far that
her brood will tire out trying to fol
low her, and the chilling rains are
apt to come and chill the little
poults. The turkey mother will
bring the later broods safelv to ma
turity, and without assistance from
the owner, especially if they have u
dash of wild blood iu them. In the
breeding season turkeys are very apt
to wander from home and hide their
nests, but if they are made tame by
kind treatment they will take kind
ly to the nests at home prepared for
No man has a better chance to
keep high clas poultry than the
fanner. He has unlimited range for
them, and this is conducive to health
and best results i
young. H produces at first cost
every necessary food product which
goes to keeoinir a tl
year, and no one who desires to buy
eggs ror natciiing would ever buy of
a breeder who keeps his fowls
penned up, if he knew where he
could get them from farm kept
If vour hens dr nnt t.nr nn I .iv
double yolked or soft shelled eggs,
uiey are too lat, and more wheat
and oats should be fed to tho ex
clusion of corn: mid ihxn tUnv
should be made to scratch for every
grain tney get.
1 1 II I t I 1 1 tl 1 .
Remember that the care given
fr.uit plants this season practically
determines the product next, both
in quantity and quality. Strong
cunen must be stimulated by the re
moval of the weaker ones, and all
surplus growth must be cut awav.
If a strawberry bed bears a crop
oi extra large rruit it should, the
succeeding year, bear an equally
large one; but if it bears the same
number of bushels of small berries
it will be so exhausted that the next
one will be a still smaller and in
ferior one. It is the maturing of
seed which is so exhaustive to a
Trees sometimes die because two
loosely set in the ground. When
the soil becomes dry it should be
tramped about the tree quite linnlv,
anu the surface for several feet each
way covered with a good, deep
muicn, to prevent evaporation. If
the tree has begun to wither, it can
be thus saved, often.
Grapes are usually bagged to pro
tect them from wasps, birds and
other inaurauders, but these bags
also furnish the best conditions for
tho most perfect growth of the fruit,
'l1!..... ..I . .'. i . Jl . .
i uej uib ivisu oaie woin me enocS
of fungus diseases which are so di
sastrous in some districts in certain
Mow off the old strawberry beds
as soon as done bearing, and burn
the tops, and then narrow the rows
to six or eight inches; carofull" free
them from grass and weeds, and ap
ply fine manure liberally. Old beds,
if carefully cultivated, will produce
berries a little earlier the second
year than the first, and often they
will be a little better.
The blackest grapes are frequent
ly under the deepest shade of leaves.
and this will be found true in the
blackberry patch. Chemistry, as
wen as sunlight, is a working factor
THE SI KK I. GKIPPE CIHK.
There is no use suffering from this
dreadful malady, if you will only net
the riht remedy. ou are having pain
an ttinniiin your ooay, your nver is out
of order, have no appetite, no life or
ambition, have a bad cold, in fact are
conutletelv used up. Kluetrie JJitters
is the only remedy that will give you
prompt and sure relief. They aet di
rect! v on your liver, stomach, and kid
neys, tone up the whole system and
make you feel like a new Demi;. They
are guaranteed to cure or price refini'
ded. For sale at Woldridgo Irvine's
drug store, only .0c our bottle.
Inne'lO ly. Il
Spanish (iumier's Shooting Abilities.
No stronger proof of the ineffi
ciency of the Spanish gunners has
yet been given than their failure to
"hit the Merrimac and the steam
launch which followed her when she
sailed into the narrow channel at
Santiago. She was right at the
muzzles of their guns, and yet the
Spaniards could have done her
more damage by dropping brick-bats
down on her. Courier-Journal.
Boy's ('omyositlon On "Cat."
The house cut is fourlejrtred
quadrouped, the lejrs as usual beiny;
at the corners. It is sometimes
wbat iscalled a tame animal, though
it feeds on mice and birds of prey.
When it is happy it does
not bark, but breathes through ifs
nose instead of its mouth, but I
can't remember the name they call
the noise. It is a little word, but I
can't think of it and it is wrong to
copy. Cats also mow, which you
have all heard. When yon stroke
this tame quadruped by drawiinr
yer hand along its back, it cocks up
its tail liRe a ruler, so as you can t
get no further. Never stroke the
hair acrost, as it makes all cats
scratch like mud. Its tail is about
two foot long, and its legs about one
each. Never stroke a cat under the
belly, as it is very unhealthy. Don't
teese cats, for, firstly, it is w'rong so
to do, and second, cats have clauses
which is longer than people think.
Cats have nine liveses, but which is
seldom required in this country coz
of Christianity. Men cats are alias
called lorn, and girl cats Puss or
Tiss; but queer as you may think,
all little cats are called kittens,
which is a wrong name which
oughter be changed. This tame
quadruped can see in the dark, so
rats stand no chants, much ess mice.
Girls fears rats, even mice. Las
luesday 1 drawed our cat on some
white tea paper, and I sold it to a
boy who has a fither for twenty
pins and some coif drops. 'The
Comic Side of School Life.'
Oregon's Wonderful Work.
What is the Oregon? And what
has she done? She is a heavy coast
line battleship. She is intended
for giving and taking heavy blows
in defense of home and country. She
is not intended for swift crushing in
dititant seas. Yet th latter is ex
actly what 6he was called upon to
do. She was ordered to hasten
"from lands of sun to lands of snows"
and back agaiii to lands of sun.
through two oceans and three zones,
past more than a dozen alien coasts,
in distance more than half way
round the world, through distress of
tropic heat and through peril of ant
arctic storms; through peril, too, of
attack from hostile fleets; and at the
end of the arduous voyage to be in
full fighting trim, ready" for instant
action. It was a commission that
might well be deemed trying to any
vessel that was ever launched. Hut
she fulfilled it to the letter. After
all the perils and labors of 13.0U0
miles, through strange waters, she
reaches her station ahead of ex
pected time, with not a tube broken
i:or a rivet strained. nor the stroke of
a hammer nor the turn of t wrench
needed to prepare her for the clash
of battle. If there is u finer tribute
to ship building and steamship in all
the world than is this simple fact,
we should like to know where it is.
N. V. Tribune.
T. V. Anthony, ex - postmaster, of
Promise City, Iowa, says: "I'houuhtone
bottle of 'Mystic Cure'' for rheumatism
and two doses of it did me more good
than any medicine I ever tooK." Sold
by A JJ. Rains, druggist, Colombia. 8m
T 11 K EAGLE TALKS..
I am the American eagle.
And my wings Hup together,
Likewise I roost high
And I eat bananas raw.
lilaneo may sit in his
Morro Castle and how!,
Hut he can't sit on M K!
Will he pleaso roll that in his
Cigarette and smoke it?
I am mostly a bud of peace
And I was born without teeth,
Hut I've got talons
That reach from the storm
Heaten coasts of the Atlantic
To the golden shores of the
And I use the Ilo.'ky Mountains
As whetstones to sharpen tliem ou.
I never cackle till I
Lay an egg ;
A n'd I point with pride
To the eggs I've laid
In the last hundred years or so.
I'm game from
The point of my back
"To the star-sprangled tip
Of my tall feather.
And when I begin
To scratch gravel
Mi nd your eyes !
I'm the cock' of the walk
And the hen bird of the
The only gallinaceous
K plurihus unum
I'm au eagle from Kagleville,
With a scream on me that makes
Thunder sound like
On a still morning,
And my present address is
U.S. A.! ! !
New York Sun.
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
COLUMBIA MARKET REPORT.
Corrected weekly by McKennon it
Nichols and It. Holding.
Country Produce .
Cotton 4,4 5Ji
ssorguum, from wagon lbtg, aj
Butter S UK3 la
Wool 5 25
Oinseug 2 002 '&
Chickens 15 20
Shoulders 5 5'
Clear sides i 6
Crimson Clover 3 50
Blue Urasa 1 25(31 50
Orchard Grass I 50
Timothy 1 H5
Red Top 75
Grain and Hay.
Wheat .. ." 7o
Corn 'Med 36
Oats 4o 45
Hay Clover, from wagon.... 5o i()
Timothy ,trom wagon 60 65
Lard, from wagon 540 6
Flour, per bbl 4 75 M 5 50
Mugar, granuiatea b& bH
Cotlee 10 ao
Meal.trom mill 40 4
r II u.
large packnge of the worM Dert r!ean
foi nlrlteL Will Krwitvr economy in 4 K)uud
package. All grocers. Made only by
THE M. K. FAIRBAXK COMPANY,
Chicago. SU Louis. Net- Vork. Boston. Pbl'-Jelpbla.
Vegetable Prcparationfor As
similating the Food and Regula
ting th Stomachs and Dowels of
ncss andRcst.Contains neither
Opium.Morphine nor Mineral.
Jbxve of Old BrSM-fLHTIItMS
KodidU SulU -jtmst
A DCifcct Remedy for Constipa
lion, Sour Stomach.Diarrhoea,
Worms .Convulsions ,r evensri
ness andLoss OF SLEEP.
Tac Simile Signature of
tXACT COPY OF WRAPPER.
THE PHOENIX . BANK,
PAID IN CAPITAL,
We solicit the accounts of Knrmors, Merchants and others, and guarantee at liberal
trvatmout a? Is consistent with safe business nrlnoiDlel.
J. P. STREET, J.U. V. flUEKSOX, Jr.. J. L. HUTTON,
Strictly a Banking Business.
J. E. Bbowslow,
J. W. FRT,
JV"We solicit deposits, no matter how
The MAURY NATIONAL BANK,
-Accounts of farmers, merchants and others solicited.
GhiHKiK T. HIUHKS, ROBERT C. CHURCH,
Jnnl President. Vloe-Pregldent.
HARRIS & COLE BROTHERS,
HOUGH and DRESSED LUMBER
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Also Sash, Doors, Blinds and Mouldings,
WOOD delivered to all parts of tho city.
'ST,('?C?15l'J,ognd Iamber wanted. Call and see us before buying elsewhers.
IKLrrHUN r. No. 15. fehgi I
Columbia Planing; Mill and Frtiirejactory, EstaMisM in 1867.
FRANK H. SMITH,
(Successor to Lamb! Bmlth) Manufacturer of and Dealer In
FURNITURE, SASH, DOORS, BLINDS AND MOULDINGS.
Orders from dealers solicited and promptly attended to. Turning and Scroll
Sawing of every variety. Stair Railing, Balusters, Xewell Posts.
I have always on hand a larjre stock of Walnut and Dressed Lumber, Glazed
SasL, Doors, Blinds, Etc., which I will sell on the most advantageous terms.
A full supply'of Brick always on hand.
-VFRANK H. SMITH, Co.cia. te.
Hill vifju ii nrw&
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
M m.M I
THC CCNTAUR COMPANY, NEW TORN CtTV.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS!
J. P. WTKEET.
JOHN W. KKIERBON, JR.
JOHN A. OAK EH.
JOHN T). DOBBINS.
.1. h. HUTTON.
W. T. IRVINE.
1). F. W ATKINS.
J. P. Brownlow,
J. F. Brownlow.
J. J. Fleming
T. J. Ria.
J. P. BROWNLOW. J. F. BROWNLOW.
Vice - President. Cashier,
small, and promise courteous attention toenr
Q. T. Hnarheg.
C. A. Parker.
H. L. Martin.
W. W. Joyce.
R. O. Church
A. F. Brown.
A. B. Rains.
W. M. CheairB.
W. P. Ridley.
R. W.McLemore, Jr
John W. Cecil.
C. A. PARKER,
and Dealers la