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TIFK COLUMBIA HERALD: JTKIDAY, DECEMBER lf, 189.
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1 Santa Clans' Greeting to tie
The jolly old gentleman is here and has brought something: for every child in this town and it is
ou exhibition in OUR HOLIDAY GOODS AND TOY DEPARTMENT
He did not forget the big; folks either. They can find juet what they want for every member of
the family aunts, uncles and cousins, relations, neighbors and friends, among our large assort
HOLIDAY AND CHRISTMAS NOVELTIES.
Dolls, all kinds and bizes, from 5o to $3 50.
Hobby horses, a large assortment, from $1.50
Doll carriages, 25o to $2.00. -
Toy wagons with steel wheels and beds for
75c, HOc. $1 00, $1.25, and $1.50 each.
Air guns, just th 'things for the boys, 75c
each. ... t
Drums, Buck Saws, Iron Toys, " Games,
Desks, Pianos, Magic Lanterns, Beds,
Cradles. Tea Sets, Doll Trunks. Ten
Pins, Building Blocks everything In the
Agricultural and Live
Overproduction allects only the
producer who is content with the
average crop or product of the me
dium quality ; the best cereals and
choicest stock bring remunerative
prices even in dull tims. Market
ing only the excellent, he finds both
a quick sale and a profit.
When one finds that his chief crop
la not bringing him a profit, rather
than seek diversity, let him study
the means whereby he can get a
better yield. This may mean both
a decreased cost and a better margin.
Sanitary inspection might be wise
ly extended to rhral district, some
times. Doctors have too much to do
in the country ; and then in addi
tion to the lllth and had drainage
about the premises, our farmer fam
ilies need precept upon precept as to
their manner of diet. Three times a
day grease, grease, grease and in
digestion. There should be more of
the dainties from the garden, the
hen coop and the apiary, and the
food should be healthfully cooked.
Let the frying business stop. Let
there be less of hurried gulping
down of everything, washed down
with coffee, one, two or three cups,
as the case may be. How many
farmers have no evidence of dys
pepsia? If you want the early effect from
the stable manure, spread it now.
If the coarse stuff is hauled out in
the spring It will not greatly, benefit
next year's crop; but : haul it any
time rather than let it leach in the
Look about and see what your
neighbors need ; it may be that you
can find a market right at home.
While these neighbors are raising
staples only, .o be shipped away,
perhaps you can feed them and
make tlm money.
At one year old sheep have two
teeth in the center of the jaw; at
two years, four; at three, six; at
four, eight; at five, ten. After that
a full mouth, and the age can not
be told by the teeth.
There is but slight possibility of
this country ever having too many
sheep; yet it is much better to give
attention to the quality of the ani
mals making the increase than to
The improved breeds are still de
veloping live stock enthusiasm in
the South, and the people are sur
prised that they can raise sheep and
swine so well. Early maturity and
fine form will awaken the energies
of any stock raiser. The South is
not yV. able to meet the market
created by home demand.
A mixture of half whisky and half
water makos a feeble compound,
and we can never make it stronger
by addiug more water. For ttn
same reason we can have no hope ol
improving the quality of our stock
by using trrade rams or bulls. Whet,
we get a flock of which we are proud
kv i www. jm i lj mm mm jjr..m x.
of those clean, handsome, durable, conveni-
Buck's Steel Ranges or
the onlv stoves we would be willing to sell you without
being along to ratify the sale, but
CMlirei of ColnMa:
CITIZENS' TELEPHONE No. 73.
they will be a profit the year around
from their lambs, their wool and
On the small form it is better to
raise sheep than other stock. The
money in them can be turned over
quickly. A flock of well bred ewes,
bied to a Shropshire ram, will pro
duce lambs which may be sold tor
enough to more than pay for the cost
of all the ewes, if the lambs are well
cared for, and the Heces of the ewes
will pay for the cost of all the food
they have consumed. The flock
may be improved and increased if
the best of the ewes are saved for
breeding. Things can be so man
aged that there will be a little cash
return at all seasons.
To make hog raising profitable,
good health is postively necessry.
This they can have if you 6e to
planning for good range for them,
where they can have the needed ex
ercine and a supply of succulent
It costs too much to try to lay on
fat in cold weather, so it is best to
put the pig in the pork barrel and
give time and food to something
which will yield a surer profit. If
the pork supply for the family has
not already been replenished from
the pen, attend to it this month.
That pork will ba found most deli
cate which has little or no com in
its make-up. If we prepare for our
table such as have lived up to this
time on milk and vegetables, with a
proper amount of wiieat middlings
and ground wheat, we shall find we
have something delicious. They
will have grown rapidly and fatten
Substitutions for lard have not
proved to be an unmitigated evil.
There is no such inducement as for
merly to fatten hogs to their greatest
gross development, and there, has
been a revolution in the pork and
bacon trade of the country.
The simpler the hog pen the bet
ter. . The shed which shelters from
rain and wind, gathers the warm
sunshine and gives pure air, is all
that is demanded. Such a pen is
more easily kept clean. Large, dark
houses, with windows here and
there, are a nuisance, and they are
especially unsuitable for some sea
sons of the year. There is hardly
any thing to recommend the build
ing of an extensive and expensive
house. The thing at which to aim
is the comfort of the hogs, and in
their comfort lies the secret of profit.
If made high, there is no better floor
Hi an one of earth. Keep them dry,
with a frequent changed bed, and
they will be happy aud do their best
There yet live farmers who leave
the wet bedding under their horses
for days, or even weeks, to give off
ammonia, which, being Inhaled, ir
ritates the air passages, aud, direct
IJgup lUife ! !
will appreciate nothing so much as one
there is no risk on Buck's.
Exquisite irifts in French China, Cabaretes,
R.alad BowIh, Compoteers, Pickle Dishes,
Jurdaniers. Individual Cups and Bsncers A
big; lot, over 200 patterns, after dinner coffee
cups, no too alike, your choice, 25c.
CUT GLASR: Beautiful cuttings, best
makes. Tumblers, bowls, mugs, celeries,
BRIC-A-BRAC : Bohema glass vases, GOc
to $4 50. Loving cups, art metal vases, ink
wells, mirrors, candelabras, and letter racks.
Lamps never before was there in this city
such a large and elegant display of lamps.
Prices from 25c to $20.00. Worth a trip to
town to see them.
ly or indirectly, leads to serious dis
eases. It is folly to try to make money
with a low quality of stock; how
ever well you feed, the returns will
not hn satisfactory. A man should
be ashamed to keep a stallion for
the propogation of mine scrubs.
By all means have t he work horses
of the farm of the draft horse breed.
They will do the w ork more satis
factorily, and with less expense and
worry ; they will sell more readily
and for belter prices; it will cost
less to get them ready for market;
the service fe?s are not high; and
t here is no horse which will ei.st less
labor in breaking and making gen
tle. There is no longer such a market
formuies in the South as formerly.
Southerners are raising their own
horses, and their own stuff for feed
ing them. Improved conditions .are
not a little due to improved sfek.
Of keeping a supply of hay before
horses all the time there is no need ;
it is wasteful, and is sometimes
hurtful to those which are large eat
ers. Often the better way is to give
them all tne good wheat, oat or bar
ley straw they will consume during
winter, with a fitting ration of home
kind of grain in addition. This is
not only the cheaper, but the better
way, with our quiet work horses.
It certainly saves time when a
firmer has a team large enough to
pull a reasonable load with ease aud
do a large day's plowing without
harm. This is at least a source of
much satisfaction, and he should
grow no other kind for his own use
or for sale.
One can better afford to sell butter
at the cost of production than to
sell wheat or oits, when the cost of
the pound of butter includes the
feed and labor at their market value,
as is done when it brings 12 cents a
pound, for he has already received
his profits on his crops in the price
of the butter. For this reason the
dairv farmer is more prosperous
than his neighbor who sells his hay
and grain, instead of feeding it right
at home. A ton in butter does not
carry away much value in fertiliz
ing material, either. The dairy
farm never deteriorates.
Most of the milk is secreted dur
ing the process of milking, and the
cow must use her blood in the ud
der. If she is fed before milking
this blood rushes to the stomach to
carry the nutriment to different
parts of the body, and the best re
sults are not from the udder. It is
better to feed atter milking, for 'he
additional reason that some food is
liable to taint the milk if fed before.
We can not afford stoves nor steam
CASTOR I A
Tor Infants and Children.
Tti8 Kind You Have Always Bought
heat in the cow stables, and, there
fore, the heat must be maintained
by the bodUe or the animals. The
desirable temperatuie of 50 degrees
in winter can be thus kept up only
when the stables are very close; but
then there is the danger from bac
teria and poisonous gases. In ad
dition to ventilation, the remedy
lies in the free use of land plaster,
which absorbs all such hurtful ele
ments, beside enriching the manure
with ilie ammonia, which would be
wasted otherwise, and never reach
the field. AH this is a 6tudy to
which we must give attention if we
One kind of chickens Is enough;
more than one kind makes too much
work on the common farm.
If you will leave some of the grain
unthrashed you will find bundles of
wheat, oats, rye or whatever you
will a desirable thing to throw to
the lieno during the winter. They
will ask nothing for the thrashing,
but will repay you in the eggs you
covet. It will invite just the exer
cise they need.
Charcoal can be supplied the
chickens in a valuable shape if you
char a lot of corn occasionally and
let them have it; aud it is a good
thing to thus treat a pile of cobs
now and then.
Buying a number of full blooded
hens in the fall while they are cheap
is better than to buy the eggs for sit
ting in the spring, for they will lay
the eggs for you. A good hen can
be bought now for less than a sitting
of eggs will cost m March, and one
may as well have the fowls and the
egys, too. If we atm to begin our
poultry yard by buying eggs in the
rpring there may be a few to hatch,
and we must wait a year before pro
curing a flock of any size. If we
buy a trio or so at the low fall prices,
a hundred chicks may be our reward
the first half of the year.
The raising of fall hatched chicks
can often be made a success, though
they will never grow to be as large
as the earlier broods. They are
good or the table, for the market and
fvr spring layers, and will begin
their spring work as soon as the
earlier hatched ones.
There is no great advantage in
raising ducks aud geese on the same
farm unless to supply a fancier's de
mand for thoroughbreds. Either
along with one variety of chickens
and turkeys, each should be enough.
Since the object In mulching
strawberries is not to protect them
from the cold, buttokeeptheground
from thawing.and heaving the plants
out, it is proper to thus treat them
at any time after the ground is froz
en. l$eware of straw which has any
seed in it; swamp grass is prefer
able, and almost equally good are
Even in horticu'ture, success
would oftener be certain if acreage
were divided, and fertility, prepara
tion and cultivation increased. Too
much land is the bane of many fruit
growers, as well as of many of our
To protect the young trees some
growers resort to painting the body
about the roots, using a mixture of
hydraulic cement and skim milk,
with a little pretroleum. Paint
them above the expected snow line,
and give one or more coats, as may
be necessary. This will harden
about the tree, and no animal will
attempt to gnaw through it. It will
be a perfect preventive from the
attacks of borers, too. If to this
paint a little linseed oil is added, it
serves excellently the purpose of
painting over the ends where large
limbs have been cut away.
For peach tiees, the best pre
ventive known of the disease known
as "yellows" is the liberal feeding of
potash to the tree. Wood ashes,
liberally cultivated in, serves ex
cellently. Heavy pruning in a single season
is ap to hurt the coming fruit crop,
because it throws so much sap into
the buds which remain that they
grow coarse and sappy, and even if
blossoms appear ou them the fruit
will not set.
If you wish to screen off the back
yard next summer try the Althea or
Rose of Sharon; it is a useful shrub,,
blooming in great profusion at a sea
son of the year when but few shrubs
A Cf.KVKU THICK.
It certainly looks like it, but there is
really no trick about it. Anybody can
try it who has lame hack and weak kid
neys, malaria or nervous troubles. We
mean he can cure himself right away
by taking Electric Hitters. This medi
cine tones up the whole system, acts as
a stimulant to the liver and kidneys, is
a blood purifier and nerve tonic. It
cures constipation, headache, fainting
spoils, sleeplessness and melancholy. It
is purely vegetable, a mild laxative, and
restores the svstem to its natural vigor.
Try Klectric hitters and be convinced
that they are a miracle worker. Every
bottle is guaranteed. Only 5(c a bottle
at VVoldridge A Irvine's drug store.
Iune3 Iv 3i
UOLUMlilA MARKET KEPOKT.
Corrected weekly by McKennon &
Nichols and R. Holding.
Country Produce .
Cotton 4 4'4
Sorghum, from wagon l'yj i
duller S loot 21
iigs n 18
vVool 5 26
iinseng 2 002 2
Chickens lo lj
Shoulders 5(3 6
Oiear sides 7
Hiins 8Js 9
Crimson Clover 8 50
BlunUrass 1 25gl 50
Orchard Grass 1 50
Timothy l 85
Red Top 75
Grain and Hay.
Wheat .. cm 62
Corn. ... 30 35
Way Clover, from wagon.,.. 50a eO
Timothy , from wagon 60 65
Lard, from wagon 50 6
Flour, per bbl 3 no 4 00
Sugar, granulated fiQ H
Coflee hi, .5 20
Meal, from store 4ft 50
All That's Needed
No soap, no soda, no borax, no ammonia noth
ing but water is needed to make things white and
bright and beautifully clean with
It cleans everything quickly,
cheaply, thoroughly. Sold every
where. Largest package greatest
TUB If. K. FAIRBAKK COMPANY,
And dealers in all kinds of Metalic,
Cloth and Wood Caskets and Cases,
Burial Kobes, etc. Hodies embalmed
and prepared for shipment. Orders in
town or country promptly attended to
at all hours, day or night.
Elegant New Hearse JcS
Office and Salop Room corner Sixth and Main Streets.
Citizptis' Telpnhotip, office 45, John Wei-tV residence, No. 171. R. E. Nich
ols' residence. Bell Telephone 279 may2S.
Surreys and Phretons, alto medium and cheaper grades. Latest
styles and t rices right. Large stock of Harness at prices to suit
ded Saiterfield & Dcdson.
CHAIR HIS COFFIN.
Odd Arrangements for Burial Made
by a Massachusetts Man.
liaa a Drritri it Oluu ttor'. In the
Ciroaml nnd Ho !!rM (lint a ixtrue
T11 mil 11 ri 1 1 1 ret
111-. I e.
He u ben .1 Smith. 7(1 c;irs old and
eccentric, has built for himself in the
town cemetery at Anieslniry. Mass., a
tomb. !ik lie always luis l:a.l a dread of
beinji buried in the priniuil The foun
dation of the tovnb is brick On this is
an arched hotiselilie brick tomb, laid
in cement, the walls of which are a foot
thick The brick structure is incused
in marble three inches tjiiek. The mar
ble panels ate inlaid into corner pilas
ters. There are several live-inch pilas
ters at each Mile, set into the brick, so
that it is impossible to pull the inarbl
from the Lrickwork without tnli1-' 'he
brickwork with it The joinlss-r aid
in plaster of parls ar.! cement. .V, the
front swings an inch thick steel door.
The sarcophagus is ten feet long, six
feet wide and seven ftet high to pitch
The most novel feature of nil this is
the way in which Mr. Smith will have
himself buried. Instead of the usual
coffin a rccliniiifr chair will be used, and
the body of Smith will be taken to the
cemetery after death in t his chair, and
chair and body will be placed in the
tomb. The entranc? will be sealed up
with a foot wall of brick. The steel
door will be locked and the key de
stroyed. Mr. Smith has always heen an enijr
ma to the townspeople, lie came here
in lSfiT, and says he wns born in Buf
falo. N. Y.. in 1S2S. It is impossible t.
pet him to say anything about his early
life. He has not done any active work
for several years, yet he seems to be
well supplied with money and pays all
his bills regularly. When he first came
to Amesbtiry he worked at house point
ing for a time, and later drove t he hack
to the railroad station. He is a con
stant attendant on the sessions cf court,
and has been named "Judge Smith."
He is an inveterate checker player, and
ppends whole days playing the game,
and it is Raid that there are few in the
state who can best him at the game.
. Mr. Smith does not think he has a
single relative living. He had a sister,
but she died two yeni'3 ago. The old
gentleman laughs and jokes with those
who inquire about his strange burial
place. lie says he has not been feeling
well lately, and that he was afraid he
would not live to see his tomb com
pleted. The completion of the tomb has
greatly relieved his mind, and now he
says he is prepared for the end.
CRANK PAINTS CHURCIIES RED.
Monomaniac In South St. Loot
Smenra Mnny Corner Stooca
The pastors of various churches in
South St. Louis have asked the police
to arrest a religious monomaniac who
has been systematically defacing their
property for the last week. Thecrauk
operates only ut night. The other night
the janitor ut the Holy ( ross church de
ttctid him smearing ihe corner-stone
with paint. The miscreant Ced when
His mania is to create a universal
church, and he imagines thtit by cover
ing up the signs on the diiTerent edi
fices lie will accomplish this result.
The .Methodists. Baptists and Luther
ans have been the chiff sufferers.
"It is my purpse to establish one great
1 hurch." w rote the crank, "and I am or
dained to wipe out the differences la
creed with paint of blood color. Then
all churches will look alike,"
Almost every church corner stone
on the South side has been smeared by
the monomaniac, a fact which church
goers this morning had strongly im
pressed on their minds. The man car
vies a huge pot of red pnint and n brush,
walking about from place to place un
der cover of darkness.
A MAMMOTH TELESCOPE.
I'liiliideliihiu Aatronwmer Propotrt
to Ilulld One Sou Times More Pow
erful Thou Now i:lt.
If there are indeed cities on Mars, as
Schiapurclli supposed possible, Hudolpli
M. Hunter, of i'hiladelpliia, proposes to
let us see them. lie has conceived the
idea of a telescope 5C0 times more pow
erful than any now known. The ex
pense of building it would be so great
thut there is no likelihood of its being
built unless as a government enter
prise. The chief feature of Mr. Hunter's in
vention is an inclined spiral track up.m
which runs an enormous truck support
ing a focusing apparatus, which is sim
ply an enormous concave mirror. Mid
way of the spiral track is a tall tower,
which can be raised or lowered by elec
tric power, the upper part telescoping
into the lower.
An ordinary refracting telescope has
a 49-inch lens, and the difficulty of
building larger sizes Is immensely In
creased by the impossibility of obtain
ing flawless glass in large pieces. Tha
Hunter telescope would have a field of
509.1S4 square inches, against 1.C60
inches, the greatest field now known.
Vnt Wealth In Jewel.
The glorious pearl necklace which
the emperor of Austria presented to the
late empress on the christening of the
miserable Crown Prince Rudolph has
been left to the young Archduchesa
Elizabeth, together with many other
jewels, by her grandmother's will. The
empress' own jewels, independent cf
those belonging to the crown, were not
long since valued at $7,000.00(1.
Switzerland's Crnnnn of lloraea.
There are only 103,00!) horses ln
RhnunintUin Cured In m
"Mystic Cure" for rheumatism and
neura bf.a radically cures in 1 to 3 davs.
Us action upon the .yetem is remarka
ble and mysterious. It removes at
-hi8 CftU8e' 8nd the lipase immedi
ately disappears. The first dosegreatlv
benefit. 7., cents. Hold by A.
Rains. Druueist, Columbia. oct7-8m.
JT' 8'1',a.4V V,ne or Tablets pre.
vent and cure palpitation of heart.'diz
lines, sick headache, chilly sensations.
Thinking It Over.
ba"S'at yU bUy ,0F yUr hus'
"I haven't yet decided what I
Dealer most' '-cleveland Plain
Cure stomach trouble, cold feel and.
5? Tib7et lm,no"9 Vine Vh