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THE DAILY HERALD FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1919 THE COLUMBIA HERALD. froblihed Weekly by The Columbia Hefald Company, Inc., J. I. Fin- ney, President, W. D. Hastings, 0 :. ; Secretary and Treasurer, Catered In the Postofflce at Columbia, Tenn as second-class mail matter. 1. 1. FINNEY .....President W. D. HASTINGS.. Seo'ty. and Treat 0ERT H. CLAGETT Editor If, D. HASTINGS. . Business Manager v? SUBSCRIPTION RATES! On Tear $1.25 Bit Months .75 REMEDY IN COURT. Discussing the situation in this ju dicial' circuit resulting from the mis conduct in office of the attorney gener al; the Nashville Banner says: T "It what local newspapers and com mon report say be true, there is another prosecuting attorney in Mid dle Tennessee now who for the public good should be summarily removed from office, but It would require an extra session of the legislature to ac complish" that end." ' ; The Banner falls Into the error so common among both lawyers and lay wen' in holding that there is but one lfcgal remedy for the malfeasance of an attorney1 general In Tennessee and that is through Impeachment proceed ings in the legislature. But The Her aid 'la advised by eminent members of the Columbia bar who have inves tigated the matter that there is a rem edy through the circuit court. ,The statute provides that; the grand Jury may indict any official, including a district attorney general for non feasance, malfeasance or misfeasance itt office, which is constituted a misde meanor. Upon conviction in the court upon such indictment for misdemean or in office the court may make its judgment include a forfeiture of the defendant's office. This statute, The Herald is also, advised, expressly pro- r Tides that drunkenness which inca- charge of his duties, constitutes a mis- ; Under the statute therefore an at torney general may be indicted by the grand Jury for misdemeanor in office in" that he was publicly drunk in the attempted discbarge of 'his duties, prosecuted to a conviction and upon conviction the julge trying the offend er may pronounce judgment that will as ''effectually remove him from of fice aa can be done in the case of a sheriff under the ouster act of 1915. Of course the remedy here doesnot supercede ' that through impeachment ; in the legislature, but It is a much less expensive means of getting rid of an official, who has proven faithless to his '"trust. It is at least gratifying to bave the" aid of the Nashville papers in finding a solution of a situation in this judicial circuit that is simply In tolerable. ' 4 old wine grew in warmth and sppreci ation with the passing of the years. The world Is infinitely better for such men as Walter' Scott Bearden. It is poorer, so very .very much poorer when they are called ' to the' other shore. :'' ' . , DOUGH BOY, HEROES. Twelve congressional medals were awarded the thirtieth division in the war out of seventy-eight that were given altogether. The entire twelve were awarded to members of the in fantry, the 117th, 118th and 119th In fantry. More medals and crosses and decorations by far were given the doughboys than were awarded those of any other branch of the combatant service because the infantryman bore brunt of the conflict. He had oppor tunities to display prodigies of valor that were not accorded to others ex cept those in the air. Tennesseans will feel a thrill of pride to know that the division in. which their own 117th infantry fought received more con gressional medals than any other di vision In France. 1 ,V : CHANCELLOR BEARDEN. One of nature's noblemen, a gen tleman to the manor born, a Southern er of the old school, a soldier, lawyer, jurist and citizen sans reproach, an swered the final summons to the bar of judgment when Walter Scott Bear den, chancellor of th'.s division, died. Judge Eearden had lived nearly seven years beyond the allotted three score and ten and every year of his life was a, useful ,, one. He never ate of idle bread.. Almost to the very end of his Ions And honorable career he work ed and het literally died "in the har ness." The short rest that loving friends persuaded him to take just be fore the end was most begrudgingly taken. ' - For a third of a century, less fif teen days, Judge Bearden held evenly balanced the scales of justice. In that 'tithe he passed upon property rights Involving millions and millions of dol Jarsr but tho finger of suspicion never pointed at him. If he made a mistake it wad one of the head, for his heart was always right He was always an honor to the bench of the state. He tpok h.'s office seriously and he labor el , unceasingly and with fidelity to discharge i.jts duties. He was honest mentally and morally He thought Btfatghv-,r . ,-4Judge Bearden was tried by every test When Ihe South '-sounded the call to arms in ''1861, a youth of eL-h teen he promptly responded. He car tied to his grave, like St. Paul, -the tnarks of the conflict." He was sever al times wounded He accepted 'n good faith the results of that conflict end from the tragedy enacted beneatS the famous apple tree at Appamattoj he' yielded to no man in loyalty and devotion to the flag of tho nation. . . Poor in health and poorer in this world's goods he set himself resolute ly to the mastery of the law. How well he succeeded Is written in the records of his court and the appellate courts of Tennessee the past third of a, century. He was aa fine a type of tbe tipright and incorruptible judge, the loyal citizen, the American home builder as his generation ever saw. He was true to every obligation, faith ful to every relation of life. Devoted to his wife, ever the loving consider ate father, a gentle companion, his home life was like his public life, above criticism. -' A manly man. whoso courage had been tested amid the shriek of shell, the rattle of musketry and the roar of cannon on more than a score of bat tlefieils, withal he was as considerate and as gentle as a woman, the em bodiment of chivalry. He was a de lightful campaninn, a friend who like DECREE AGAINST PACKERS. Under an agreed decree entered in the federal court the five great pack ers will cease the operation of all their "side line" enterprises and will in the future confine themselves to buying and packing and selling meats and meat products. Theoretically it may be a fine thing to separate the packere from the business that they have conducted In some 300 "sjde lines," but as a matter of fact the pub lic will receive absolutely no bene fits therefrom. ., .,' '. .,'.. . The packers engaged in the making and the sale of foodstuffs other than meats because they could do it effi ciently and profitably and' had they not been able' to compete with others engaged in the same business it would not have required a court decree to change their methods of doing busi ness. The public were the beneficia ries of the very efficient and econom ical methods through which the pack ers were enabled to enter other fields of activities. The packers built stock yards aud constructed refrigerator cars and laid spur track railroads because these things contributed to the economical and efficient operation of their busi ness. No one can deny that through the efficient and economical methods employed by the packers much waste has been eliminated- The packet'3 probably did not do all these things from choice, they, did them from ne cessity and because others would not furnish' the capital to provide them. The public is going to be disappoint ed it- it expects for a moment that the court decree at Chicago is going to re duce the cost of living or add any thing to the world's stock of food com modities. " suits. Personally no one who baa ever come In contact with him can fail to appreciate his unus.ul magnet ls,m. , He draws men to him; he un derstands human nature unci he can successfully appeal to the best that is in men's nature. Shrold he be nomi nated by the republicans it is'ctvtain that his vote would not be confined alone to the members of that party. THE COUNTY AGENT. Au increase will be asked from the county court In the annual appropria tion made for the county agent. This increase should be made without oppo sition. Although during the past two years the cost of living has increas ed by a considerable per cent the sal ary of the county agent has hot been changed. He must furnish an automo bile, pay for his oil, gasoline and tires, which are a considerable item, on the same pay that he received two years ago. There is a big demand for train ed agricultural leaders at much better salaries than are paid here aud tlie i people or the county 'cannot expect to obtain the best material unless they pay for it. Floyd county, Georgia, nothing I ke as good county as this, recently in creased its appropriation for the coun ty agen from ?600 to $1,800. The county agent of Lauderdale county, Al tbamo. "'ho was recently in Colum bia with a party of farmers from Jhis county, receives twice as much as the agent in this county. ' Montgomery county, Lincoln county and a number of others inthis division are paying largely more' for this service than Maury county pays. Yet this is the best agricultural county in Tennessee . in oecidely the greatest possibili ties of development. ! HOOVER FOR PRESIDENT. Among the presidential possibilities Is Herbert Hoover, who made an in ternational reputation during the war as food administrator of America aud afterward as head of the allied relief agency largely financed by America, England and France. For many years Mr. Hoover has not been a voter and in a strictly partisan sense he Jas no politics. Nominally, probably, l.e would be classed as a republican but for a long time prior to th3 great world war he lived abroad aud el'trr this country entered the contest he became simply an American. His long absence from the nation would probably be a handicap in a campaign for president, but he has given u';iu dant and material proof of hi 3 ?en- uine Americanism. i That Hoover is qualified : r tbe presidency will not be seriously oucs tioned. He has the husincM.i ability and tbe training in a very difficult and arduous ofliscial capacity tr ru:ihi" him for that great office. Nest to. President Wilson no American scrv-j ing the nation in a civilian position j made more imputation at ucrm aul abroad than Hoover. He is a tvulyj remarkable man with a 'airs fcr or-. '"'' SUNDAY OBSERVANCE. In a republics enforcement of laws that are not sustained by a decidedly strong, healthy public sentiment, is an exceedingly difficult task. Public opinion in republics is after all the last and final resort. Where public opinion is hostile to a law, no matter how sound it may be, its execution is going. to be perfunctory and such law will hold no real terrors to those who do not car.e to observe it. The enforc ing machinery is made up of about the average citizens who care more for their future political and business interests than they do for the sancti ty of their oaths. Under circumsstanc es of this kind it were idle to expect unpopular laws to be fairly and im partially enforced. It is altogether probable that the Sunday law in Columbia is in this class. The Herald has long doubted the popularity of this law. Since the recent municipal election it ha3 reach ed the conclusion that a large number of the people of the city are openly and aggressively hostile to the law, that a minority, quite a respectable minority, are sincerely in favor of the law, but that a much larger ele ment, while not openly in favor of re peal, are Indifferent to the law and the majority in this Jast mentioned class give encouragement to its viola tion by aiding and abetting therein. The board of mayor and aldermen elect Is therefore justified in its con clusion that the Sunday law is not sustained by popular opinion. The supporters of this law knew for weeks before the election that it it were retained they would have to elect a board in sympathy with it. They were indifferent and cannot now complain. Regardless, however, of the senti ment of the public, The Herald pro tests against the repeal of the Sunday closing law. This journal is unmoved by popular clamor where a question of principle is Involved. It docs not expect its protest to have any particu lar weight for the reasons above enu merated, but it would be false to its high sense of duty, unworthy of the confidence of the public, if it did not warn against the consequences cf this effort to substitute the Sunday of continental Europe for the Sunday of our fathers. Nowhere has the "open Sunday" ever promoted good morals, increased respect for authority, or promoted reverence for the Christian religion. In this time of turmoil and of strife, when the fundamentals of our civiliza tion seem to tremble in the balance it is more than ever necessary that we should cling with unfaltering de votion -to the faith handed down to us; that we should stand unmoved for tbe ancient charts and find our safe ty and our refuge in the religion of Jeaus Christ. The only hope today tor a solely db;traut, war weary, debt iucumbercd, disordered, chaotic world is in following. the precepts and ex ample of the lowly Nazarene. When we cease' to have any reverence for the institutions ordained of God then Indeed our religious faith has become weak and a thing without effect. The Sunday is and has been from the dawn of creation dedicated to Al mighty God. Its open and flagrant dis regard is a challenge to our faith in the religion handed down to us. When we worship Mamhion to tbe utter ex clusion of everything else, then indeed is the very foundation of our relig ious and moral structure uudermined. If the- religion of those mighty men who walked by faith is not worthy of some sacrifice, some personal incon venience, it were indeed a mockery, a thing hollow and without substance. To discontinue our every day occu pations for one day and dedicate that day to the service of the God of our fathers does not often cause us incon venience and personal loss, but in the Judgement of this journal the relig ion that moved tbe founders of this republic, that was their piilar uf cloud by day and pillar of fire by night. is worth all and more than - it cost. Danger lurks when men' lose all sense of reverence! for the things of tbe past: when they care no longer for the sacred rite3 that have made martyrs of men and womeu through the centuries. Those who love .this republic with every fibre of their being, who would as their greatest service to mankind transmit its blessings and its priv ileges untarnished and unimpaired to generators not yet in being as a ben ediction to the world, must look with fear and trembling upon the effort to sail uncharted seas. "O God, our help in ages past Our hope for years to come." bp with America and Incline our hearts once more to those sacred paths "by ancient worthies trod." CHRISTMAS TO BE GENERALLY OBSERVED HERE Many of the stores and shops will be closed all day on thursday. NO ISSUE OF THE HERALD As Usual All Of Force and Employes Will Have a Full Holidays Christ mas Trees and Entertainments Ga lore Over the County. Christmas day will be generally ob served in Columbia. There will be lit tle business and probably more stores and shops will close during the day than at any previous Christmas. All of the big department stores will cease activities entirely for the day. The offices will all be closed. The city officers will take a full holiday ex cept County Court Clerk Lipscomb, who will have to be within hailing distance in order to accommodate the couples who have been pierced by the darts from Cupid's bow. Anderson Bros. & Foster, Maury Dry Goods Company, the, Smart Shop, W. W. Evans & Company and many other stores will close for the entire day. The grocery stores will be open during the morning with reduced forces, but will have a partial holiday. In keeping with the custom since its establishment. The Herald will take a full holiday. No paper has ever been issued on Christmas day and all of the members of the force ami the employes will have an oportnnity to spend the entire day with their fami lies. The stores will all remain open on Wednesday night In order that the be lated customers may have a final op portunity to make purchases. j Over the county there will be the usual number of community and Sun day school Christmas trees and en most of them being on Wednesday evening. , hQtWH'iiittiditt WJtttMtQtflt (b!aqt(bQt(tttttQ)b ( X : t i The Season's Greetings Among otir assets we like to count the only one that money cannot buyyour good will. And so at this Holiday Season we extend to you not as a customer alone, but as a friend the Best of Wishes for the coming year. STORE CLOSED CHRISTMAS DAY IF YOU SEE IT IN OUR AD, IT'S SO &WbQtfbM1b MtQt STATE'S WHEAT ACREAGE IS CUT CONTINUOUS RAINS OF PAST TWO MONTHS RESPONSIBLE. . LITTLE 'PLOWING' d6ne! Special to" The Herald. , :,U, NASHVILLE. . Teun., Dec." 19. With the most unfavorable fall for farm work known in the state for a long time, there is the smallest acre age sown to wheat possibly in forty years, as reported by G. L. Morris, field agent bureau of crop estimates, United States department of agricul ture. . With the very poor yields for the past five year3, and the heavy in creased expense of raising wheat, most farmehs had already decided to cut down acreage, and some to entire ly abandon its raising; the continuous rains during October and the greater part of November kept the lands in such condition that seeding was next to impossible. Contrary to a blief in most sections that Middle Tennessee Is the wheat granery of the state, this section had to yield this plumb to the eastern di vision some years ago, and for the past few years East Tennessee has produced as much or more wheat thau both Middle and .West Teuneasce corn billed, while the acreage sown this fall, East Tennessee has about three fourths of the state's crop; conditions for seeding in that section being more favorable than in the middle and west wjiere nearly all of the crop sown was in mud: on account of so much late planting, heavy raius and many 04' the earwlier fields becoming infested with Hessian fly the crop is going into winter in a very low condition.' . The acreage sown to wheat in Ten nessee this.. fall, as estimated .by bu reau of crop estimates is CO per cent of the acreage sown last year, or about. 43,000 acres, compared with 822,000 acres last year. The condition is reported 73 per cent of normal, com pared with 94 per cent last season. Rye which is sown in Tennessee mostly for pasture and cover, and is usually sown earlier than wheat, Las a larger acreage in proportion, and the conditiou much butter; the acre age isestimated at 95 per tent of last jjear and the conditiou 90- per cent. The fall rains have badly retarded all farm operations, with the result that about 13 per cent of fall plowing lias been done. Wages of farm labor of all kinds show a healthy increase over last year. Tbe amount of Cre wood used on each arni of the btatei Is estimated at 21 cords with an avcr-l age price of J3.25 per cord. ROBERTS CONSIDERS VACANCY ON BENCH GOVERNOR SAYS THAT HE WILL APPOINT CHANCELLOR HERE AT AN EARLY DATE. NASHVILLE, Tenn., Dec. 20. The vancancy in the fifth chancery divi sion, caused by the death of Judge Walter S. Bearden, of Shelbyville, will bo filled as soon as soon as possible, according to Gov R6bert3 Friday, and he requests that all endorsements and recommendations be filed with him as early as possible so that t-re appoint ment of a chancellor be made at once. Already endorsements and recommen dations TVaVe been received by Gov. Aoberts in behalf of Thomas 15. Lytle, of Murfrcesboro; H. II. Horton, of Lewisburg, and W. S. Fleming, of Co lumbia, and other endorsements ara expected to follow in rapid succession, while it is also probable that other ap plicants may enter the field. Gov. Roberts having been chancel lor of one of the districts of the state at the time he was elected governor, is well aware of the needs and qual ficMions a chancellor and will give the matter his closest attention be fore making a selection of Judge Bear den's successor. , In speaking of the death of Judge Bearden Friday, Gov. Roberts said: "I cannot speak too highly of Chan cellor Walter S. Bearden, He was one of the best men who ever presided oyer a chancery division in this state and this fact is attested by the fact fiat for thirty-three years be served the same district. He was hot a pol itician and never sought honors other than that which he had achieved, and his qualifications can best be found by the few cases reversed against his decisions by the appellate courts. He was a man of the highest type and his loss to the state is gerat," v. I FRY TALKS ABOUT ' ESSEX AUTOMOBILES DR. WATTS SPEAKS 'COST OF LIVING nil niuiniif ni nmunl UR MIIUIAT ULUoINu OTII I OnAMMn. 01 ILL OUHlHHUj TO REPEAL THE SUNDAY CLOS ING LAW WOULD BE A BACK WARD STEP. Dr. George O. W:atts, in his sermon at St. Peter's church Sunday morning, took occasion to refer to the fact that it had been mentioned in the local daily press that the incoming board of mayor and aklremcn would repeal the Sunday closing law. Dr. Watts, in thecourse of his re marks, stated that Sunday should not be commercialized and that to repeal the laws would be" a backward step. He insisted that a law thai is not en forced should be taken off the stat ute books, but that to repeal the Sun day closing law would be a calamity. Dr. Watts stated that tho law mak ers were in a great many instances at fault and made laws wh'ch the com munity were not ready for nor in sym pathy with them, and that before laws are enacted the sentiment of the peo pie should be sounded out, but a law should not be made a farce. VIRGINIA TOWN ' -HAS BIB BLAZE LOSS OF $60,000 IS CAUSED BY FIRE OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN IN SOUTH BOSTON. - A . says ACHIEVEMENTS OF CAR AND ADVERTISEMENTS ABOUT TO SWAMP THEM. rtv lTnit(i prM SOUth Boston, Va., Dec. 22. Dam age est'mated at $80,000, resulted to day from a fire of unknown origin, which wiped out the : Barbour Wil bourn Hardware Company plant. The loss is fully covered by insurance. The Bre started at 7 o'clock this morning and for a time threatened tho entire business district. Two firemen were slightly hurt. This is tho second se rious fire in this ci'ty within the past ten days. , DATA COMPILED FIGURES GATHERED BY DEPART MENT OF LABOR 8HOWS STEADY INCREASE. FIFTY CITIES jARE , CANVASSED New Orleans and Louisville Are Only Cltie3 in Which Prices Have Not Been Advanced High Price, Level of August Is Again Reached. , (By United Tress,) ' . ' WASHINGTON, Dec. 22. Tlio cost of living is going up, according to the latest figures gathered by. the labor department. Tho average family's ex penditure for food, showed an increase .n November as compared with Octo ber in all but two of the fifty cities canvassed. New Orleans aud Louis ville were tbe only cities reporting fractional decreases. Jacksonville re ported a two per cent increase. At lanta a three per cent increase, Bir mingham and Memphis four per cent increase. Prices aro now said to be as high aa in August, which month marked a high record for the six year period. . JUNIORS WILL MEET NEXT FRIDAY WIGHT CHANGED ON ACCOUNT OF CHRISTMAS ELECTION OF OF FICERS FOR NEXT SIX MONTHS. The regular woekly meeting of the Junior Order will be changed from Thursday night until Friday night on account of Christmas. At the meet ing Friday night the election of offi cers for the next six months will tako place. A record probably without parallel Is that of Simon Gratz, who for fifty years has served on the board of edu cation of Philadelphia. In Lapland the babies are wrapped in furs and buried in the snow outside the church -while their parents attend the services. The finest hazel nuts ar grown In! Kent, England. j "They are buying Essex cars for Christmas presents,'" said Barney Fry, of Fry & Jones, this morning. "The achievements made by this Essex car and as told through tho col umns of The Daily Herald have cer tainly attracted the attention of the motoring public to this splendid four cylinder machine and it is going to bo another case of not being able to supply the demand." said Air. Fry in discussing the matter further. ' "We have been getting about all the Essex cars we could place, and have sold a goodly number in 1919, but it looks now as. if we will have more or ders than we can supply during 1920." Fry & Jones were washing up and polishing two of these cars this morn ing getting them, ready to deliver as Chriutmas presents. Somebody's stockings wil certainly bulge out to hoW on of thpse pped demons. gnnicaiion and tor nro.nptirhnu te- Hrald ChM Column Ada P I u...u r-i . .. ! , 1 8 TM '"n A Py. I Herald Chenp Column Adds Pay. j Her, Id Ch.p Column Adt Pay. FARM BOYS CARRY MUCH WAR INSURANCE Of America's mighty war forces of more than four and a half miliion men, 1,200,000, it is estimated, came from farms. Records in the bureau of war risk insurance in Washington, D. C- indicate that these farm-bred or farm-rised boys carried government insurance amounting to over ten mil lion dollars. I During the earlier demobilization, it j was so difficult to keep track of the' discharged service men that it seem ) ed as though a very large proportion! of them did not return to their former addresses or homes. So many of the service men who' had come from the farms seemed to be listening to the call to the city that it was feared that more than one-half of them were not going back to the farms. Later the tide of migration set in toward the country and now it is believed that the loss In man-power to the farms as ' the result of former service men set tling HxewhTe may not b mnr; than &no,noo. ; , DAN CUPID IS NOW '. WORKING OVERTIME During the first days of the present month, it appeared that the flock of December- brides would be considera bly below normal but Dan Cupid has done himself proud during the past few days, and indications point to a record breaking month. Saturday eleven Maury county brides were led to the altar, and this was the best day of tho year. Since the first of the month marriage licenses have been is sued to twenty-six white couples and sixteen colored couples. In Decem ber. 191-S, just after the close of the world war, thpre were fifty-eitht li censes Issued, twenty-six to white couples and thirty-two to colored couples. The record now stands forty two licenses in 1919, with ten more days to run, as against 58 in the cor responding month of last year. County Court Clerk Lipscomb is be ing kept busy assisting the youns Mi Cupid these days, and says the fn""'r theyrome the more he Is pleased.