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THE COLUMBIA HERALD FRIDAY, AUGUST 27, igao. FOLKS OF MAURY GREAT BOOSTERS DECLARES CASEY a6ricultural editor of ten. nessean enthu8ia8tic over DIMPLE OF' UNIVERSE 1 IS CAPTUjlEO THE PEOPLE Says ThatThe Herald Has a Fine Ap , preclation of the Part That Agricul ; ture Plays In the Life of Thl Corn 's munlty. " ' . ' ' : " ' ; ' Writing Jn the agricultural section if the Sunday Tenrfessean, Jjhn ll. Casey, who spent three days here "covering" the farmers institute, pays a glowing 'tribute to Maury " county .and its people. Mr. Casey Bays: "When a community of honest-to-fcoodness folks get together on the idea that their community is the best place iri the world t6 live and Work end rear their families, nothing can daunt their spirits and the whole world will soon believe with the resi dents of that place. Such a place is Columbia, Tenn., tond Maury county of which Columbia Js the.jau'fcty seat. A few years ago the spftlt; of ,lhe, peojplftj jvyas crystal Ized into words and Columbia was pro- claimed the "Dimple of the Universe." The peojilfli of Maury county "had the Bame spirit and they proudly rfroclaim ed the rich farming lands of that coun ty the "Garden; Spot, of the Earth." Now others have taken up the slo gan, or the title, or whatever you are inclined to call it, and the good word has gone forth. Everyone who enters the confines of the little city of Colum bia becomes a booster for that town. Every visitor who crosses the bounda ries of Maury county Is instilled with the spirit and he goes away to adver tise the virtues of the place. It is doubtful If any one lives in the State of Tennessee who has not. heard cf the "Dimple of the Universe" and who does not know its exact location. The fame of this town and county Is almost equally well known over the fctate line in Kentucky, in Virginia, in 'Alabama, in Mississippi, n- Georgia, In Arkansas, in Missouri and in Caro lina. ' " -. Middle Tennessee farmers journey led to Columbia" about ten days ago where they attended the Middle Ten nessee rarmers convention. Tney went liMiS so'toe" thousand' ('twelve hundred of them, .ringing the praises ol Maury county as a farming territo IT and of the hospitality of Columbia and all Us "People.' ' ' "" This Is the case every year. Farm ers are the guests of Coluumbia anna ally where they hear, lectures ,, and study better farming and exchange liotes on the farming game from be ginning tbmar Not the least;' part of the enjoyment and profit of the con vention to the" visitor is the pleasure of spending few days among the good pedple bf the "Dimple" and get ting imbued" with the progressive and friendly Bpirtt tltet e'xlsts there. The comity high school building, in which is held the'meetlngs of the Mid die Tennessee farmers institute, is In dicatlve bf the progressiveness of the locality. . Modern and well equipped in every way,' this' building lias be come a foal community center where Tooys and girls from both town and , county come together to mix socially as well as in the pursuit of knowledge. The roads leading out of Columbia take one through some of the finest farming country and past some of ihe Unest farm homes In the' Southland Several of the roads are called pikes. That Is no misnomer either. These pikes are real pleasure drives because (jt the scenery In beautified farms along the way, because of the fine herds of pure-bred live stock in the pastures by the road side and because cf the luxuriant fields of growing crops that wave in the breezes as the visitor spins along. Three years ago there was establish ed about a mile out of Columbia on the Hampshire pike a demonstration farm of .650 acres, which farm is to be tinder the supervision of the division of extension of the University of Ten nessee. mere will be conducted a farm for the benefit of Middle Tennes see farmers, dealing with Middle Ten nessee problems and conditions. This farm ls'stocked with pure bred Short horn cattle, a pure bred Percheron Hire an4 other animals which will be used foCthe bettering of the live stock business, iu the great central section cf the itate. One of the indispensible assets of a real live town is a real live newspa per, and In the heart of an agricultu ral community like Maury county a paper whicji has the interests of the farming .population at heart Is espec ially worth while. Such a paper is The Columbia Herald, published by Jim Finney, who takes more Interest in the advancement of agricutulare in Maury county than some of the farm ers themselves. During the annual farmers, convention there The Herald cevotes volumns of space to the meet ings and. lectures. When there are Is sues before the public concerning the farmer,; Mr. Finney is always a sup porter of the worthy cause through Is editorial columns. I fTWo localities ia the United States - l- V ' . ! stand foremost In the production of mules. One of these Is Calloway coun ty, Mo., and the other is Maury coun ty, Tenn. - Columbia is, by virtue of being the county seat and 1 metropoli tan life of the Tennessee mule county, the logical mule market of that sec tion. In fact, mules are shipped Into Columbia from all over Tennessee and neighboring states. Buyers come there representing great corporations and construction companlest some Of them traveling many miles to be on hand the first Monday of the month', when there Js likely to be a big run Of the long oarred trusty draft ani mals qu the market, ; A hew record was established Jthe first Monday, in January, of this year for the money value of mules that changed hands on the streets of Co lumbia. Hotels and boarding houses were overrun with buyers, we. are told, and prices were never bo high. Bus iness transacted this one day amount ed to over half amillion dollars. Two thousand mules were on the streets and sales for the day totaled rot less , thaa 1,700. Forty-five car loads of mules were shipped out that day and the following day, and as many more of them remained in Mau ry county to go out on the farms. The average price paid was aroundj $300 a head. Te great bulk of the mules offered for sale 'on that day were the products of ' Mrury county farms and those of adjoining counties. Several pairs o exceptional quality are reported "as selling' for fl.OOO" a epan. : ' 1 ' ' vf .j ! This half million, dollar, business was repeated the. first Monday in Feb ruary, the the surprise of the 'people of the community, and. even to the buyers who- Were actively 'engaged In the buying and selling of mules. They report a continued and increasing de mand for the big heavy kind. We may say, in conclusion, that the glories of Maury county and her "Dim ple" have not half been sung. There in lies the secret of contentment, pride and progress of her people, in that word sung. There Is a feeling exist ing in the breasts of these folks that they are as good as the cream of the earth, and then to the world They sing it. THRIFT AND SAVING ARE SUREST POWER THESE WILL HELP THE WHEELS 1 OF FINANCIAL TURNING AGED SEAMSTRESS SAYS MACHINE IS A NUISANCE CHAMPION NEEDLE HANDLER HAS USED OVER 3D0 MILES OF THRREAD. ' . LEXINGTON, Ky., Aug. 21. For longevity as a seamstress and skill in handling the needle, Mrs. Robert Lunsford, 80 years old, who resides on the Bethel road, near this city, is en titled to the palm. For the past 25 years Mother Luns ford has been using the same needle in her sewing, and she has done a lot of it. It is estimated that she has used thread enough to reach from Lex ington to Cincinnati and back, almost 300 miles. And this name needle has passed "through hundreds of lards of cloth. The needle, of course, was made years ago of the finest steel In the days of good material and careful workmanship, and shows little signs of its long Use. When it comes to completing a wed ding dress in three days without the aid of modern sewing machines, the ladies again must yield the palm to Mother Lunsford. She made the wed ning dress worn by her granddaugh ter, Mrs. Carl Henderson, who was recentlx married, Jn, jupt, that,1lme, Mrs. Lunsford,,! notwithstanding her close apBlifiatipn .jtosjhw (needle, ,ihas, never use,d "specsyvand says she can Bee almost as well as igrjod aasha could when she was a girl.'!, t; Mrs. Lunsford declares that "sewing machines are only a nuisance.",!!. "hi' I .' Hill. At Sarderello, Italy, on sides of Mt Vesuvius, is the cheapest team power plant In the world. Not a pound of coal is used. There are not a single No, 2 scoop around the plant. Fuel oil can advance in price without complaint from this plant and they do not even burn wood. By tapping the crust of the earth, a jet of volcanic stoam and burn your own smoke. If sure to turn the machinery of the plant. The mountain is the boiler and there is an inexhaustlcble ,supply of molten fuel In the fire box. ; But there' is only one such plant In the world. In America there is no volcano which will furnish steam to your fuel Is too costly or does not plant. You have to make your own steam and burn your own smokke, If yolr fuel is too costly or does not iroduce the necessary energy : your plant, will be run at a loss. There are various kinds of fuel which you may use in your financial power plant. You may speed up the machinery for a time of burning your self, physically or mentally. You may throw your future comfort and happiness or the protection of your age into the fire box but those who are expensive fuels and the supply is soon exxhausted. Once gone, the power plant must close down. ine one tuei wnicn you can use continuously, effectively and cheaply and which will furnish every require ment of energy, is thrift, saving and safe investment. Saving will keeD the wheels of your financial plant turning continuously and without ex haustion of reserve supplies if fuel. Through safe Investment of saving your fuel can be renewed at cqnstant ly decreasing cost. The safe and most convenient form of saving and investment la found in Government Saving Securl lies ana L.merty tfonds. Tpey are available to your plant and they will make esteem in your boiler at a small cost In determination and effort. ATTENDING BUICK AUTO CONVENTION C. C. FRY. WILLIAM FRY. GIRARD BROWNLOW AND J. H. NEELD IN ATLANTA. C C. Fry, William Fry. Girard Browlow and J. H. Neeld left Tues day afternoon for Atlanta. Ga.; to at tend the convention of Bulck automo bile dealers. They will be absent for several days, returning the latter part of this week. . $ Mr. and Mrs. Frank W. Williams and children returned today to their bome in Huntsvllle after a visit to Thomas JL Williams nt fa mil v -.. DEFEAT EFFORT TO PLAY SUNDAY MUCH ADVERTISED BASEBALL GAME FAILS TO MATERIALIZE BECAUSE OPPOSITION. fl The effort to play Sunday ball in Columbia, despite the announcement heretofore made by the chib that it failure. , A game at the fairground on Sunday afternoon by the Columbia team with the Lawrenceburg ,,te.am was widely advertised, but the off! cers and directors of the local orfeihl zatlon determined that' they- woufcl not Permit, the, game., which. fwould be in direct, "jyiplatlin ql jthe agreement made by the club with many of the stockholders. W. S.'" Beasley who was tnVTeaVfag' apMt i IheVrga'nl zation of the baseball club here, took a firm and aggressive stand against any action that would 'saver of breach' of faith with. the sharehold ers or the public and It was due large ly to his fine stand that the attempt to have Sunday ball was defeated. Regardless of their views on 11 the nbstract question of Sunday ball the officers and directors of the club sup ported this stand. COUNTY SCHOOLS RUNNING FULL BLAST ATTENDANCE AT SOME OF THEM - MAY NECESSITATE EMPLOY MENT OF MORE TEACHERS. Practically all of the elementary schools of the county both white and negro , have opened their terms and are now running Bfnoothly. The en rollment and attendance at some of the schools is, much larger than had been expected. One of the big prob lems that the county board will have before it when it meets In September will be the employment of additional teachers at some of the schools where the enrollment is larger than antici pated when the size oT the faculty was fixed. , , . , At Enterprise a' fourth teacher will be absolutely necessary, due to the fact that the enrollment on the first day of the school was 113 and this will be increased next wock to 125 or 130, altogether ,too many for three teach ers where ten grades are taught, as is. the case in this school. The same congested conditions are reported from other sections. The county court pledged Itself to levy a tax sufficient to pay the teach ers an increase in salaries of twenty five per, cent, but made no provision for extra teachers. The board, there tare, has to go, slow In appropriating, money., as it has never exceeded ..its, budgets - . i . . . TENNESSEE FARMERS. (Nashville Banner.) "The recent session of the Middle Tennessee Farmers' Convention held at Columbia was one of the most successful and generally profitable meetings of that excellent body of progressive Tennesseans ever yet assembled. The convention issued an address, or rather made a declaration concern ing contemporary issues and condi tions most pleasing in tone and full of the robust American spirit that it is gratifying to note still prevails in the old commonwealth. The'declara- uuu was seiimuiei vconservauve anu roplete also 'wiHihl Viwholei soine Progress flt te$i1nte in .an other commnorf tlMs ag - The f arnierlvva ft$r'jfred80jioois and better roaas ana seek a general improvement in rural conditions such as will arrest the deplorable tendency of migration from the farms to the cities and towns. The Middle Tennessee Farmers' As sociation has done much to promote the agricultural Interests of this sec tion, and In so doing to advance its Interest generally. The saying is trite but altogether true that the farm production is the foundation of all prosperity. No civilization can exist without it, and the , better and more productive the farmers are the more all business and industry will flourish. If every farm in Tennessee were brought to a maximum of production nnd then were everywhere good roads lo make farm products readily market-' able, the wealth of the state would be increased by many millions of dol lars, and Us advancement would be in many ways great. The farmers are a sensible, conser vative and dependable class of citi zens, free from the hysteria, mias mla anil morbidity likely sometimes tc, affect industrial masses of other vocations, and also from the general distempers and demoralization of the cities. The Middle Tennessee Farmers As sociation comprises in its membership some of the most intelligent and most valued of Tennessee citizens. Its purposes are most commendable and much visible good has come of its activities. It needs to be encour aged in every way possible. AMERICANS SAVING THOUSANDS IN EAST IN MARCH OVER TWENTY THOUS AND CHILDREN WERE BEING HOUSED AND CLOTHED. Speaking of the work of the Near East Relief in Transcaucasia and oth er Eastern Countries, Judge Abrani 1. Elkus, former American Ambassad or to Turkey recently had the follow Ing to say: : , , , , "In the past year in Transcaucasia alone the American people have dis bursed i $4,802,000.00 in . caring for homeless and hungry children, the sicjjj and starving, and., the. destitute wanderers from place to place who have been wat6r(jBtx'jyrs fjjij me near eaHiefiij piayui ;jo pp soiy ed before they can take up their WeP. Sty Jlke',i IjfW bejJv(i TH conditi?niawBibfl;hia the nqr- mal. All of this money has been raised and expended by the Near East Relififwhlch, Js in position today to go on vith the, work. , U . will go on with it. ., M, (;- , ,. According to tne last detailed re port made by Colonel Haskell, cover Ing the month of March 20,779 children were being housed, clbthed, fed, given medical treatment and taught in 81 orphanages under the administration of the Near East Relief; 43 hospitals f.nd 58 clinic and ambulatories cared for a daily average of 5,58$ hospital cases and 3,037 clinical cases. In ad dition, 55,039 little children have been fed from CO soup kitchens scattered throughout the Republic of Armenia Moreover, 5C1.970 homeless refugees have been kept alive by the distribu tion of food. Roberts Notifies Colby , Tennessee Has Ratifies TheSuffra aeAmendment . - i Special to The Herald. NASHVILLE, Tenn., Aug. 24. Gov. Roberts has certified to the state de partment at Washington that Tennes see has ratified the' federal suffrage or nineteenth amendment, suffrage leaders declared this morning. According to Representative Miller and Attorney General Thompson, Gov ernor Roberts has mailed the certifi cation to Secretary Of State Colby. This followed the granting of writs of certiorari and supercedeas in the su preme court of the state by Chief Jus tice Lansden. These writs, it was held, took the injunction proceedings from the lower court and enabled the governor ana other officials to act. ' The certification was v mailed to Secretary of State Balnbrldge Colby, In a registered letter. Copies also went to President Wilson, Vice Presi dent Marshall and the speaker of the house of representatives. J II n .: -r- ', v . ' 1 ' . ..'' ' ' ' ... HI ' ' " ft J f ' u?l v T, 'SK ?V. ' r mfe I j,&ff: r&t i fan wl,tk- ' OGlS 99th of. Hood '.Farm, son'of Sophie 19th, champion cow of the world and sire of Pogi3 99th of Hood Farm .6th, the bull owned by J. Benson Redding, of Culleoka. - " CIRCUS PARADE A MIGHTY PAGEANTRY circus glad-voiced ca; the j Htraid Chtap Column Ads Pay. k WJien the Mope pipes forth bh.he.'stre'ttja. Reiday morning at 10:30, starting parade pyef th usual route there will bo many"1 spectators 'on the curb stones to cry "welcome to our city" tc Big Zulu, "the skyscraper elephant and the lesser members of the two ele phant herds. It will be the finest cir cus parade that has been gotten off the front steps and sidewalks for an age. The first thing to dazzle the eyes is the band wagon in the lead wth its ten dapple grays. Dotted here and there down the rest of the line are oth er bands, chimes and calliopes. There are elephants, camels, ponies and high stepping thoroughbreds. In all there are 200 all prize winners, selected from the world's prize stdck shows. The menagerie cages are open, dis playing all sorts of creatures from jungle and plain. Beautiful tableaux wagons and floats all resplendent in gold and glitter are interspersed in-the lineup. Taken as a whole, the Sparks circus parade "Will be worth coming many miles to see. The performance Wednesday after noon begins at 2 o'clock and the even ing at 8 o'clock, the doors open at 1 and 7 to permit an inspection 'of the menagerie aud horse fair for which this circus is famous. G. W. Hinebaugh and wife, of Atlan ta, Ga., will leave the first of Sep tember for San Diego, California, where they will make their future home. v They will make the trip in their car, stopping, at various places tlong the route to visit relatives and friends. Mrs. Hinebaugh will be re membered here as Miss Lena Eddy. Htraid Cheap Column Ad Pay, I 17HY GIRLS WONT STAY Oil FARMS INCONVENIENCES AND ISOLA TION BLAMED BY THE GOV ; ERNMENT. Statistics Show More Young Women Than,;Young Men Are Leaving the Rural. nifitnlrtR vr. WAHINGTON-WhX gjilseati lome!-when ?that' hom; is on' rifttrm-4-' 4nd statistics show that young worn '1h 'are (leaving the rural districts for young men is revealed by the sur vey of lXoOO farm homes iii the thir ty-three northern 'aittf western atiwi recently completed by-je- depart ment of agriculture In co-operation with die state agricujturaf:; colleges and farm bureaus. ; ' ; ;,; More than half of the women in terviewed, although classed by the census office with - those having "no occupation," are up and at work by 5 o'clock in the mornig. The work ing day of the average woman is 11.3 hours the year round, and in sum nier it is 13.12 hours. And 87 out of each 100 women have no regular vacation in the year. Five additional men are required for at least six weeks in the year on SO per cent, of 6,083 farms reporting, but only 14 per cent, of the women included in the survey reported hired help and that only for about three and a half months each year. Yet 94 per cent. of the women made part or all or the iamily oread, to. per tent, churned their own butter; in 9 cases out of 100 they did the family washing, 43 per cent, having no wash ing machines and only 32 per cent. having running, watert in their homes; y"jjpfer cent, did a,U .tjie family sewing, !Jn& jtherwis.e.,lopked . after their fam ilies, the Average, lumbering five per sons, and their homes, meaning in the majority of cases a seven-room house. In addition, 24 per cent, of the women assist m tne neici worn, per cent, help to reeii ana bed the livestock, 3G per cent, assist in the milking, 8,000 Include milk pails in their dish washing and 5,703 wash the separators. Eighty-one per cent, attend to the poultry, meaning on an average 90 hens, and 56 per cent, spend part of their time weeding, hoeing and tending the vegetable and flower gardens. . ; Tlnso tusks accomplished, the farm woman has nothing else to do and may devote herself to such social diversion as are possible at an aver age distance of 5.9 miles to the near- i est high school, 2.9 miles to the near est church, and 4.8 mile3 to the near est market, and to the care of her children, if she has any. Among tbe surprises In tabulating the surveys was the small number of children in farm houses. 7,467 re ports showing an average of only 1.18 under 10 years of age for each home, tnd only 0.89 between 10 and 16 years of age. In the rural homes of the east the number of children fell telow the country-wide average, while that in the western section proved tbe highest, with 1.4 under 1 year and 0.97 children a home between 10 aDd 16 years. Significant in this connection are the figures showing that the average farm bome is more than five and one- teen from a hospital. "This means,' 'commented Miss Florence E. Ward, in charge of the departnient'3 extension work with wo men, "that even though the farm home be provided with a motor car and a telephone (62 per cent have mo tor cars anA 72 per cent have tele phones) the farm family may be oblig ed to act unaided in case of sickness, childbirth or serious accident." What this means to farm mothers is Indicated by the recently publish ed reports, special, .field gents of the cBiidre4''bu7eufetaatnaI''ini ty!ant wlfariri'raya'I'reas In widely HepaiWl?stafe&. Ijj U COLUMBIA LEGAL TALENT WILL AID SUFFRAGE FIGHT LAWYERS HERE TO TENDER AS SISTANCE IN SAVING THE CON STITUTION OF THE STATE. ' f CONTEST si M IN COURT SUAE Leading Lawyers -Who 'Have Investi gated the Question Declared That fT.y ai i 1.4 .tiii f "Scarcely a mother in any of the ru- ml a ran a ha1 rivon otnl tiara . . , There Is No Doubt of a Direct Viola- measuring juu 5 to , an accepted stand- . - ' :;' 1 ,;?' if If the constitutionality of Tennes see's action in .ratifying;he 'suffrage f amendment is challenged in the courts J o fthe land, and it is sure to be, the attorneys who take; th$j ease Hip will have the active aslsianci anit co-oper-alion of some of the best lawyers In Columbia. Several of the lawyers here have expressed the opinion that the ratification resolution 1s contrary ' to the constitution of the state and that in voting for it the members did " deadly violence to their oaths of of fice. "I have carefully considered this question," said one of the ablest and oldest of Columbia's lawyers this morning, and I am convinced that the courts will decide against the ratiflca tionists. "To my mind," he contin ued, "the constitution of this state is an absolute bar to ratification .by this legislature. I have examined the legal authorities and have been so lnterest eo that I have made a brief on the- sub ject. ' "The resolution is going to be at tacked in the courts and I believe that the lawyers here and elsewhere who believe in the constitution t and the sanctity of men's oaths should tender their support and co-operation to the' : ether lawyers of the state. It is a grievous thing for men In the legisla ture to treat the constitution of their state as a scrap of paper, and I am delighted as a Maury countlan that our members refused to yield their consciences and convictions to the op portunists or heed the argument of po litical expediency." rd'of adequacyand more than three fourths had no medical supervision or advice," stated Miss Julia? Lathrop, of Chicago, chief of i the children's bu reau, In her annual report to congress. "The waste of woman power is one of the greatest menaces to the rural life of the nation," according to de ductions drawn by the specialist. off the department from a study of the survey. "Although compared with even ten years ago the returns show a change for the better, the burden is still far greater than the strength of (he average woman can long endure." What is to be done about it? The department .suggests some definite things. Tho real task is to convince the man of the family that the farm house should be as well equipped as tne up-to-date barn. ' "The farmer," comments Miss Ward, "usually considers modern farm equipment as so much currency v.ith which to buy efficiency. Of the lotal number answering the question, IS per cent reported power for oper- cting farm machinery. When we con sider, that it is a simple matter to :onnect the engine used at the farm v;:th household equipment, it seems a singular fact that but 22 per cent of the farm homes reporting have this advantage. Power for such frequent ly recurring, tasks as churning and using the washing machine would greatly relieve the farm woman. 'Running water is the pivot upon which such modern conveniences de pends. Of those reporting only 2 per cent of the homes have running water, 48 per cent have water in the kitch en? only. In 61 per cent of the homes nto which water must be carried this work is done by women." Of 6,784 women answering the ques- ion only 20 per cent had bath rooms n theif homes. half miles from ( the family doctor, twelve from a trained nurse, and four- BRANHAM AND HUGHES HAVE BIG ENROLLMENT SCHOOL WILL OPEN DURING THE WEEK OF SEPTEMBER 14, AC- . CORDING TO ANNOUNCEMENT. NEW BY-LAWS FOR TOE JUNIOR ORDER Frm Wednesday's Daily Herald ) Branham & Hughes Military Acade my will open with a full attendance for the 1920-21 term during the week cf September 14, according to an an nouncement made here. Considerable improvement has beon made at Branham & Hughes school during the past year or two, and en rollments are coming from every sec tion of the United States. A most Eueces.sful year at this school i anticipated. WILL BE READ AND ADOPTED AT MEETING TO BE HELD ON NIGHT 8ETEMb"eR "J. Fonthe purpose, of reading and ap proving new by-laws of the local lodge a most important' meelng of the Junior Order will be held on Thurs day evening, September 2. Every member of the lodge in Columbia has no only been invited, but urged to at tend. Some important changes have been made 'n the old laws governing tbe operation of the lodge, and some new ones added, and a full attendance is desired when these laws are ratified. Men and monkeys alone, of all tbe animal world, possess parallel and convergent vision of the two eyes. . Massage is much in vogue in Japan, and a notable feature of any Japan ese town towards evening Is the blind masseur as he walks along, announc ing himself with his" peculiar whistle, In search of work, which he can al wsys find in plenty.