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The Labor herald. (Richmond, Va.) 1885-18??, July 10, 1886, Image 1

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VOL. 1.--KTO. 45.
hat hallowed kot on earth.
The horn% and place thai gave me birth—
Though on the sea or foAigu land.
A desert waste or barreinand,
A verdant plain o'er I roam.
11 is. it is my home, my linme !
O home ! that hallowed place to all—
Though it lie large or be it small,
A lonely cottage by the rill
O'erhung with rocks or bleakest hill.
I Where storms and winds n* fate bemoan.
11 is it. is my home, my home ;
O home ! that sacred spo is home
That (fives me n r
I'liimgli it btrri valley ricii iidrSYe.
l)r mountain cliff, of verdu. c hare.
I'hat overlook-t lie ocean i>am,
It is, it is my home, my honi' !
O home ! that place on earth fjevine !
Like brightest sun there loi» will shim-;
Though cot where peasant hails the daw n.
Or mansion with wide-spre uliiig lawn.
Or castle with its spire aud dome,
It is, it is my home, my h. me '.
O home ! my early home ill life,
The home where first I lei mv wife,
Where wife and children-Ane, two, three-
Sit by my side or on my »ice.
And each would kiss me wen I conn-.
That was my home, it wflmy home !
O home ! that hallowed holie in heaven.
Through love and mercy to man given.
That home alone ol calm r»-\ose.
liat home that shields mv foea,
at home from wheiu&no friends can
is, it is my happy home.:
The dusk of a September day was
softly falling. In the west there yet
remained rare, beautift? tints that the
glorious sunset had left, while the brisk
autumn breeze that swept over the
trees told of drearier days to come.
Rita Lawton sat all by herself in the
pretty little library at Earlscliff, hur- |
riedly writing a letter she wished to (
mail on the following morning, her |
tiny golden pen fairly flying over the
tinted sheet i
She was very pretty, with large, i
Kistful eyes of a tender gray that mado f
■F ea fisf u ' cor - '•I'H'jafcher raven-,
enhance the pmitj f her pale,
sweet face. A petite, gnietiful girl, with
an innate delicacy of refinement that
was perfectly charming. f
■ At last she laid asidi3 her writing,
and leaning back in her chair, listened
to the ripples of conversation that
floated from the next roo n— listened
tthe vague, half-dißtpeseful way of
c thought that had somehow come to
be quite natural to her these few last
weeks of that short. dt-».ghtful visit to
Earlscliff—that of all thene people who
had met her there, there was not one
who would caie when sbe should be
gone, unless—and just the. faintest
possible little quiver '■an **siuagh her
pretty figure, as the sorxd of Leith
Chester's voice suggestti" wis possi
bility of an exception in bis flavor.
He had been very good to her all
through those pleasant divy», from the
very moment that Aunt ~Jfr& had in
troduced him, and told Fita, after he
had gone, that he was one of the most
eligible young men in all the country
around, worth a couple of hundred
thousands, and a perfec-; love of a
country-seat on the Huds< n.
Rita had liked him fr?in the very
first—and liked him nore 1 he less when
her cousin Sophie had to
her, in greatest possible confidence,
that she and Mr. Chester were -so nearly
engaged that it was as good as accom j
plished—liked him none the Jess, cer- j
tainly, but something had made her j
feel curiously strange about it}.
Not that she was in low With him, I
because she had told iiejf*j.lf over and '
over again that she ffASUKe^jav ■* , \i). no
one, and tried her lx | uaost
succeeded, in convincing bar brave lit I
tie self that it was only reluctance at
leaving dear old Earlselifw that made
her so uncomfortabla
Until the sound of Loifa Chester's
voice, talking to a bevy of companions
in the next room, aroi:* d her from 1
that long, dreamy mood i *t had taken
complete possession of he"
"Then yon consider no a fair sub
ject for pity, ladies I
"But we can hardly fcahwve a word
of it, Mr. Chester. Jusy'taagine the
incongruity of the thing !f'
Sophie Gordod langhft. and looked
straight into Mr. Chestats handsome,
manly face.
He smiled as if amused j
" The incongruity of what, Miss Gor
don ? I do not comprehend your mean
" Why, the idea of you of all men,
leaving us! What on earth are you
going to do with yourself ? {'
Leith Chester looked across at Ralph
Bradley, who was vainl f to in
terest Mrs. Gordod in a conversation
—pretty Mrs. Gordon, who had her
eyes on Leith 1 tbe interest
of her daughter Sophie.
" Bradley, what do you think ? Shall
I stand it, if I emigrate to my farm in
the west ?"
" Your farm ? Bless ray sonl, Cbes
tr, is that farm all there m left yon
>m the wreck of your fortAie ? "
And Ralph Bradley leanel forward
he spoke the words.
Leith Chester laughed, as much at
the horror on Mrs. Gordon's face, as at
Ralph's ready reply.
* Oh, Mr. Chester, yon never are go
ing into those horrid Western wilds,
because you have lost everything else,
are you ? I thought surely Jtau nnnnt
it for a sort of caprice, yon ki ow. I
supposed there was a deligllfil little
cottage, and everything romr i
Rita came into the rc< n at this ■
juncture in good time to s- d the stir
aunt s pieiiy face.
Leith looked quickly up ai her and
" Miss Lawton, add your condolence,
phase. These ladies are ho 'rifled be

cause Ralph has foolishly timbered
over a piece of news I hopeci to have
kept a Feeret.''
A delicious flnsh surged ocer Rita's
cheeks. Somehow—and Low foolish
it was—she felt glad that Ltcitb Ches
ter bad lost all his great weal tb.
" I cannot see why Aunt J ora nr-cd j
feel horrified." Then lifting dier eyes'
timidly to Leith's handsome face, she
added : " I hope you will be Lappy and
contented, Mr. Chester."
Sophie rose from her .-hair lan
guidly. '
" Come, mamma, you promised me a
glimpse of your new duchf <-s set. Mr.
Bradley, Mr. Chester, yon w'll excuse
Leith was on his feet ir. a moment
" Ladies, there is not the slightes
need of your sudden lack of interest in
-ne, or rather your disappointmeat a
earning that I am no eligible
is a wealthy bait. Pray, llalph, re
gain and entertain the ladles, and I
vill retire. Miss Lawton »f fortune
avors me, I hope to say good-bye to
rou to-morrow. Ladies, goodnight'
And with a dignity that would have \
>efitted a duke, Leith Cbf jstcr went
iway, leaving Ralph at tbe mei-cy of
wo curious women's toDgue c.
Sophie Gordon sank b»ck among the
>lue cushions, with an exj session of
oost devout thankfulness c m her pretty
ace. I
"Oh, Mr. "as if I
eonld never sufficiently
Only suppose I had Reacted him, J
what on earth should I have done * "
Ralph looked innocently at her.
"Indeed, Miss Gordon, poor Leith
must have grown unusually reticent i
about his love affairs lately, 'for he j
never hinted to me you had refused
A vivid flush deepened on her face.
" Oh, I didn't mean to say he ac
tually offered, you know. Bnt if he
had, and I had accepted him ! "
" Oh! "
Ralph's monosyllable was eloquent,
and somehow made Sophie wonder if
he were making fun of her.
" Because, you see," she went od.
ilmost indignantly, " Mr. Chester has
been so attentive to us all, ana, indeed,
bis wealth and position made iini very
desirable. Bnt now— *
And a peculiar toss of her bead and
i compression of her lips finished her
remark far better than words could
have done.
" I am really sorry poor Leith has
disappointed you all—shall I include
you, Miss Lawton ? "
Rita turned her flushed cheeks to
ward the group more bravely Ihm she
had ever done in her life.
"Indeed you may not. Mi. Ches
ter is the same as he was when he was
the possessor of all his lost wealth, and
a true friend of his will esteem him
none the less."
Mrs. Gordon laughed mal ; cioasly.
"Why, my dear Rita, what a beau
tiful display of romantic interest. Pray
repeat it to Mr. Chester, Mr. iirjulley."
'He rose coldly.
■•i sh-'ll do bo, ana ut t.ic
kind of lnend Miss Lawton describe,,
I shall carry what you ca!l romantic
interests still further—l shall select
Leith Chester's friends for mine.
After he was gone, Sophie turned,
with a fierce scowl, to poor littie Rita,
I was still standing near tb«e dooi
ugh which she had entered, with
same sweet, flashed exciteojent oe
" You brazen thing! Why conldn't
you have kept your mouth shut ? Yot
see what you have done—aetnalbj
driven Mr. Bradley from Eariescliff
and the whole country round w 11 rinj.
with the news."
" I think not, Sophie. If y( a wii
K reasonable, you will see it \» * yon,
ii cruelty and hollow hef.r xlnesi
t did it."
Mrs. Gordon laughed.
" Cruelty ! hollow heartedm sf ' Per
haps, Rita, yon would not r.! iae t<
apply an antidote to Mr. Ch< a or, m
Rita looked quietly at tLf vexe<
woman, but made no reply, and thei
went to her own room where she wa
to pass this last night of her loag vigj
at Earlscliff, the visit during wtich sh
had learned so much of the holiownes
of society, so little of what was ennc
bling, save and except her love fo
conviction strong as death—t|iat the
ill fortune that had come to
developed in her what it had J B
in Sophie. She- admitted it tvitfl B
of joy, and prayed God to giye^^H> ls
love before she had laid her hJJj on
!Hth (he morrow he came, to Jj her
d-bye, as he had said Ihe niflf be
The parlor was
swd women of Earlscliff toH ex
mt pains to keep ont of the Sr of
penniless man, who
i if she were foal enough
[c met the girl half way acW.'s ihe
r, and took her hand warmly.
Miss Lawton, I want to tha»k yon
your womanly words of encourage
ment; and more—l want to tell you
that pou have inspired a holier feeling
than even the highest respect'ul ad-
Sdion. Rita, dear, true little Rita,
yon not see that I love you dearly,
passionately ? Look up, little oue, aud
tell me lam to have you for my dar
liaj»—my wife!''
It had come to lmr at last, this love
of Leith Chester's, and she sobb- <1 ont
her own sweet confessions on his
" Are you sure you will not ohrink
from farm-life, Rita ! "
. Her large, wistful eyes a lowered
him before her lips framed tht ■ >rds.
" Shrink from it! Oh, Leith it will
be Paradise with you! I will try to
be so good and saving, and BBSjhe you
will yet redeem the wealth you have
•'My noble, brave, little darling,'
and he took her in his arms, and she
did not see the loving smile on his
lips, the pride in his handsome eyes as
he bent over her head. " List»r . then,
Rita, while I tell you that yon shuH in
dulge in farm life only when we visit
the old farm in the west. E-.ery sum
mer shall it be, dear ? And at other
times don't you think we cai he very
happy iv our lovely little home on the
Hudson! Because, little Rita, I have
not lost a dollar—rather gained a for
tune in winning you, my darliug. I
lad no idea Ralph would carry but the
oke; but thank God, he did, fn-«i have !
">22 T.~U, .OJ-'i3 '>r»VC ),-StmaA t-r .ligfcjri- , '
_ sr
«mish between diamonds and hearts." '
And sweet, noble-hearted gijrl that
sic was, Rita had, indeed, rew iyed a
nst reward when she had so v iflinch
ugly cast aside all for the love of the '
dearest one to her on earth—Leith I
Chester. i
— «*—
Politics at Last. ,
The Philadelphia Tocsin in an cdi- '
torial says that the action of th \ Gen- '
eral Assembly in deciding to " hold re
sponsible at the ballot box all c
men who oppose labor interests'' is a ;
step in the right direction, and one
that we can heartily indorse. We are
more than pleased, therefore, to notice
this progressive step. It allocs that
the workingmen are satisfied that po- '
litical action is necessary if the; ever
wish to redress their wrongs ; it shows '
that the K. of L. as an orgariz dioh '
are to take the initiative ; and W> aMo
opens the way for like action upon the '
part of District Assemblies in the :
several States, and for the loiais in
their various localities. Too much fear
of future consequences is what has de
terred the organizations from etteriii|* '
politics long ago. It is our opi.iion
that this was an idle fear, inspired by
politicians who had an idea that their
favorite party would suffer; but tie
time worn party lines must event' aiQy
break in favor of labor, and it cahnot
happen any too soon. As for the. for |
mation of a third party we think such
a move inexpedient at present, thoigh
it may be necessary to do so at stfcie
future time. As the resolution adopted
at the special session says, t' l " ''- W |
will l -- i ' j/icsbxA incu.
sponsible if they fail to snppoi
measures mentioned in the repotamof
the Committee on Legislation. ™Js
action was wise, and the object in '
tended can only be secured by the
workingmen advocating and voting for
the election of Congressmen who are
friendly, no matter with what political
I party they happen to be affiliated. La-1
bor parties under various names hive !
, l>een iv existence at different periods
lot the past fifteen years, but their j
platform has always been burdti.e<t.
with some side issue which caused!
thousands of workingmen to withhold j
their support. What is needed in c. cry
I community is a Workingmen s Legis
i lative Committee that can be trusted
ito act fairly in the selection of candi
dates for the endorsement of the wage
workers, and when they are selected
! the workingmen shonld bend every en
ergy to insure their election at the
j polls. In this way only can we hope
to achieve success.— Dayton Worh%
All persons desiring a nice, clean
shave at the hands of skilled artists,
should call at the Model Palace of J.
Guvernator, No. 10 N. Seventeenth at
C pping and leeching perfectly done.
July io, issg.
Capt. McCullagh Thinks It His Duty o
Look After "All Them Communists,
Anarchists and Laboring Men"—H:s
Men Refuse to Leave a Private Meat- j
ing, So Mr. Powderly and His Friends
A small white card was issued t,
members of the Empire Prote.
Association, D. A. 75, Knightsofjt:
bor, 5 esW'i" x. --
" Meeting 1 >. "^""^■"■jßHß
Union, Thursday Night, 9 o'clock.'jJ
Before that hour about a bundr"! '
men had gathered on the sidewalk o -
posite the Cooper Union. They wt c j
orderly and conversed with each otter j
in whispers. They were sober apd
earnest, and a casual observer <■
see that serious business was on haxd.
When the doors opened they 31.J
downstairs, and about a hundred otbtrs
followed at intervals.' In the great bill j
they sat as near the front centre tq
possible, and appeared merely a hat I
ful. About 1(1:15 the General Mast r
Workman, T. V. Powderly, arrived, ;-
Earned by three members of I >
ral Executive Board—M
er, Hayes and Bailey.
A World reporter had been wat
ing for Mr. Powderly all to-day, • n
as he approached the hall asked i.-,*n
where he had been and why he wat.,'
the city. Mr. Powderly said he 1,
just come from home, stopping o\ < t
Philadelphia long enough to bring S r.
Turner with him. He had not kno) n
anything of the meeting he was goi Ef
to attend until that day, and had cor :
to confer with District Assembly J
fThe people in this city knew mo c ;
the street-car employees' troublei
than he did, and he wanted to learn 11
the facts. If the assembly wanted him i
to meet the capitalists, and if the ca->i- j
talis ts were willing to meet him. Ie
would do so. He had nothing i
to say at that time.
EA committee of the officers of
isembly met Mr. Powderly and tin.
other members of the Executive Board li
at the f4ir ol tlw>- Cooper UnJJm I
escorted them to the platform. Th •
wore received with enthusiasm. Th }.\
were scarcely seated when three polit »|
men, brandishing their night cl d .«,.
marched down the stairs, past tj*e
guards and into the hall The police
men were O'Rourke, Gunn arid,
Schwanz, of the Seventeenth Precinct i
Mr. Powderly was about to make a j
speech when the officers entered. Re
stopped and asked by what right thay
were there. The roundsman, or spokes
man, said, " By orders of Capt. McCul- j.
They were told that that was a pri ■
vate meeting and requested to leaw \
The police spokesman replied tht.t!
there was no power there to put the n I
out, as they were doing their duty and !
would remain. Mr. Powderly than dV
clared that no business would be done \
and refused to speak further.
An officer of the district was
spatched to hire another place of mccv
ing, and returned in a few minutes j
with the intelligence that Central I*v j
bor Union Hall, No. 141 Eighth street, j
had been secured. To that place the i
meeting adjourned, but it was fomHJ 1
too small and the assembly could not
be called to order, and Mr. Powderfy
promised to meet them at tbe iiext
regular meeting.
After the General Master Workman
and the members of the district bail j
gone a reporter of The World waiteij
on Capt. McCullagh at the statioa. '
house and asked by what authority he |
invaded the meeting of the Knights of!
Labor. v
" I was notified that
•»' —
I said. " and that Powderly was going te f
address a lot of workingmen. I feel
it my duty to look after all them Com }
munists, Anarchists and laboring mea
when they meet. I came down thera J
to the hall before i) o'clock with a sqnaJ
of men and saw a lot of men standing
out on the pavement. They looke.i
sort of respectable, so I didn't want Co
keep my men up. I told the rounds
men and two officers to wait there ar l
go into the meeting and find out whutj
they done and report to me. The I
roundsmen has reported twice since I
then. I stand by what my men have i
"But this was a private meetiDL. :
Had your officers any business there ""
asked the reporter.
The Captain evaded the question by i
asking another:
"Wasn't the ball full of people?"
"There were about two hundred
there,'' answered the reporter.
" Why, I saw 500 men on the sida
walk myself," said the Police Captai i.
"Mv men did perfectly right. I doi/t
believe it was a private meeting at »tl,
because it was in a public hall."
Capt. McCullagh further stated that
he had been informed by the janitor
of the building that a public meetiig
was to be held, and exhibited a no,e
without signature, scrawled on the
back of a police circular, as corrobora-
tive testimony. " Captain : There will
be a mass meetiug at Cooper Union to
night." That was all.
On further questioning the Captain
stated that if he had known it was a
secret meeting, and that Mr. Powderly j
would bo there, he would not, of'
course, have sought to invade it.
An officer of the district said : " The J
reason we hired Cooper Union Hall I
was because there is not another in the i
city large enough to hold the Assembly |
without a saloon attachment, to which j
Mr. Powderly particularly objected, f
We have nothing to say of the police I
leave that to the pubJ-cJB
The People Must Have Money.
The best demand upon Congress f f
the Cleveland Assembly is for direct
| loans of money to the people at low'
interest. This measure is full of po
tency. It cuts off one of the most
langerons arms of the great Octopus ■
oi Usury that is steadily sucking out j
the life of Labor.
Don't 3on see what a terrific blow ii
is at the Money Power ? The peoplt
resume the right to use for their own .
benefit and at the lowest price They
are no longer to be left to the tender
mercies of the robber class who de
prive them of the use of money, com
pel them to run in debt and then with
relentless hand gather in their little
properties with a turn of the wheel.
The mortgaged homes of the people
are to be saved!
Did yon ever know an industrious
man and his wife who set out in life I
poor, who bought a bit of land and !
put a house on it paying part down
and giving a mortgage on it? Have
you ever watched such a pair saving
carefully and paying little sums as they
could ! Children came, there was
sickness, expenses increased, a dull
time threw .the man out of work, the
time for payments came and there was
no money in drawer or in the bank;
it took all to live and so the little home
' j had to be sold. There were the flow
-5 ers and the vines and the orchard and
all the little belongings which a loving
? care had tended and added to make
the home complete. They were poor
little hrmble things to the world, bntj
the tend?ils of human iiearts encircled j
I them. They were a part of human
Vj lives consecrated by human loves and
*| toils. Have you known any such home
to be and broken up and its inmates
e ( scattered ? Did you not feel that it
1 was an awful crime akin to murder!
There must be no more of it in this
: - land!
■ That is the decree of the workingmen !
No! the great government that we
9 have looked upon as heartless and
organized only for the protection of
'" I property, is about to show that the
most precious interests of the people
1 are not below its notice.
Let this cry go up everywhere.
Loan money at one per cent, to the
n | people!
™ j' Save the imperilled homes of the
jH people!!
The people must have money at
I cost!!!— Justice.
t\ ~"
Lawyers in the K. of L.
i Los Angeles, Cal., June 20.—1n tbe
)«. May 10 issue of John Swinton's Paper
h e is an article from a retired lawyer to
~j i ithe K. of L., predicting defeat, disunion,
death„and decay to the Order unless
■\„ the lawyers" are admitted. He com
x j plains that the K. of L. admits the
soldier while having no use for him,
aj| but will not admit the lawyer while
a,] having use for him every day. Wby
ci] is it that the K. of L. has use for tbe
lawyer ? « Is it not because he has so
h, manipulated the law, in the interest of
rf themselves and the moneyed class, that
nobody but 'hemselves can hope to
mazes * Is it not a fact
of tLci»<'aD ■•:*
1... f the comnaoLest points of law Is _. .
'~..] not true that there is not a law upon
m our statute books (the work of lawyers)
)e:) but can be made to mean anything but
er-5 justice, with its ifs, buts and provideds ?
lft | Is it not trne that lawyers fix a legal
j r , value upon their services and deny the
e j same right to the working people? Is
■ i' o it not trne that the lawyer is educated
X ], to pervert aud construe the language
sr i of the country into false meanings, to
hat suit the purposes of vicious and de
m o signing men? Is it not true that
ince through the influence, and by the direct
|^ c aid of the lawyers as a class, this re
public is now saddled with the national
r. banking system that is robbing the
t" many for the benefit of the few ? Is it
not true that lawyers manipulated tbe
by Credit Mobilier, the railroad land
steals, made it possible for Gould te
water stock, and protect the Standard
f 1 Oil and other collosal thieving monopo
lies ?Is it not true that, without the a.d
la- jof the lawyers to make the law, and
tai i. , then construe it and force the execution
loi.'t of it through a lawyer judge, thousands
; 8)1, jof high-toned thieves would now lie
playing checkers with their noses, in
that Our State prisons 1 Is it not true that
niior ] when a rich rascal, like Gould or Hr.n
atirg j tington. makes a deal and scoops in
noe the little fish, they first consult the
. the lawyers and act under their advice?
bora- Is is not true that the lawyers are
II ready to defend and, by a quibble nponj
1 a word, turn loose upon the community
the worst thief, murderer or felon, pro
i vided he can put up the money ? Is it
»i not true that by long habit a lawyer
? j becomes unfit to judge of the moral
il merits of a case, and can only see
things in the light of legality ? Are
i they not educated to pick flaws, hunt
I j up loopholes and take advantage of all
II mistakes, without regard to tho justice
-1 or equality of the case ? Lawyers
j know nothing but law, and they are
jforevn- tinkering with it, not for
hthe surprise of securing jnstice for the
■n&'ple, but to further their personal.
-. Jt-«.Lii,. 4uEii*9*whajßaa_|
'To admit lawyers into the
would be equivalent to removing the
keystone to the arch, undermining the
foundations and blowing it up with
•lynamite. The object and mission of
the lawyers is to stir up strife and con
. tention, and nothing would please the
j money power better than to see the
| doors of the Order opened to the law
; yers. They could then count upon
j .their lingers the months of its exist
ence. With spies and Judases iv the
, camp, but little could be done to check
[ the grinding power of monopoly. Evi
' dantiy the lawyers are beginning to
foar tbe growing power, and feel the
j proscription and ban they are under,
a»jd now by specious arguments
M i to unlock the gate, that
tfcey may graze in the rich pastures
tliey see looming up in the near future.
Keep them out. They had no hand in
framing or formulating the laws or
principles of the K. of L., and its
declaration of principles is not inter
larded with ifs, buts, or provideds. It
is a very tin-lawyer like document, not
only in its get-up, but in its intent and
I purpose. No declaration ever exceeded
it in its scope, equity and justice, yet
j bo lawyer had a linger in the pie, and
no lawyer should be admitted within
the inner or outer circle thus formed
in the interest of the honest working
men and women of the land. Without
lawyers, the K. of L. is run and guided
by the rules of justice, common sense
and equal rights, obligations and re
sponsibilities. Admit the lawyers, and \
all these will disappear and nothing
> bft law take their place. We have!
i«&~Jaw in (Lis ec-L'ntry ncv, atid I
wliat we want is justice and less law.
The Devil, in the guise of a lawyer,!
made Eve believe that the Lord 3137
not mean what he said in the law he'
had laid down, and the human race I
has been cursed with a horde of lawyers
ever' since, and the lawyers of to-day !
piirtake of all the subtility and cunning j
of their great progenitor. Keep them '
out of the new garden of Eden, the
K. of L. Geobge R. BnowN.
Will Labor Act Wisely.
Silence may at times be golden, a
still tongue may indicate a wise head,
aed the less said the sooner mended,
tmy all be good maxims, but times
tliore are when silence is both cowardly
and criminal. l!n our humble opinion
we have arrived at one of these periods
in our political, economical and social
lijctory when the truth must be spoken
rght out in meeting, so here goes:
The politicians of all political parties
w.ibt office. Their sole study is where
and how to get the votes to secure a
nomination and an election. They
naturally favor the wealthy and power
ful who furnish money to conduct cam
paigns. The wealthy and powerful
often desire legislation in their own
*.p«cial interest. They enlist the can
didate in their interest and reward him
by securing his election. They furnish
Ihe money, and the money gets him the
votes, and the votes elect him.
The producers, the toiling many, fur-
I nisK the votes to elect this man who
■ has, even before his election, bartered
vay their rights. Congress meets and
y disc.ivei:, to their *'.
htocpopolists, hh usual, have everything
ftieir own way. Tbe people, the good
innoceril souls, then get upon their hind
legs and howl and threaten and say no
man can be trusted. "We elected an
honest man and when he got to Wash-
Jington he became a rascal." The truth
>s, he was a rascal, sold out, body and
! breeches, to the monopolists before he
was nominated. The remedy for this
is very simple. Let the producers, the
toilers, get together and decide what
pn die measures will benefit them, just
as the monopolists do. They don't need
much money to do this, money is only
needed to secure votes-, but little money
lis necessary. Let them select their
candidate and let him understand that
( they are electing him and that they ex
peot to work in their interest, and that
his political future depends upon how
well and honestly be works.
This is the only means by which the
toilers can come to the front and make
themselves a power. In order to take
such action as this, they must know
what they want and they must be
i united in their effort to secure it.
They must cast aside party prejudice,
personal jealousy and political bossism.
They must inform themselves upon the
issues of the times so correctly that
they can tell in a moment whether their
tblic servants are performing their
ty or not.— Ex.
the present Congress been Re-
the tariff question would have
J1 eon virtually settled from the start,
and no such period of doubt and de
prtssion which have existed since the
pn*ent Congress was elected would
have been heard of.
The foregoing is from the Pittsburg
7»es. 1: is on a par with the standard
ofHirtisan newspaper twaddle. The
Remblican party is a better protection
the Democratic party, but
of tthich teiliyj__^
peMfent. The Democrats if left L
theapelves would not have done much
wop*- and they certainly could not
hava shown more insincerity in the
han cllirg of this great matter, nor have
succeeded in getting the tariff scheduled
in niore incongruous shape.
If Republican party intend* to
continue posing as the frieud to the
protective policy it had better promptly
g't rid of the humbuggery that lias
characterized its handling of tariff
affairs. It has always been the blatant
"friend and the secret opponent of
protection. Its rank and file have won
elections on the protection plank, and
its officials have nullified this by their
administration in favor of importers.
There . was almost constant turmoil
under Republican Secretaries of the
Treasary upon questions between im
porters aud homy manufacturers, which
questions were almost, if not always
decided against the* protective policy.
To the devil his due, there has
been none of this since Secretary Man
ning has been in office. There was no
end to it under McCulloch and John
Sherman. Nor when such qnestious
arose and were decided against the
boasted Republican policy did the Re
publican majority in Congress interfere
by tbe passage of acts that could not
be a though there were
many demands this should be done,
more especially as regarded the fatal
displacement of a comma in the cotton
tie matter. Republican papers may as
well determine to quit misrepresentation
and 1 .old the official end of their party
to *ii ' ""emest of **"> iwli.-v ' l

herai .~ will tnru more on records
*b»*r ;hku:«bc3. Nor will comparatively
good records pass muster—the record
from now on had lietter be positively
good or a third party may step iv aud
mix things dreadfully for the old
Platforms, it may be remarked, are
usually unobjectionable. They are
mado to catch voters, and are no earnest
whatever of a party's actions. What
is required is the nomination of good
men, not of the description of the ma
jority that have been receiving nomina
tions and election. Will the I'imes
give its opinion of the stuff of which
the local legislative tickets are com
posed, as compared with recent
delegations to the Legislature ?— Es.
The Difference.
I shall now give two illustration/*
which epitomize |uy argument that Uie
working classes do not receive justice
to-diy. I have a friend, a capitalist,
who a few years ago projected a short
railroad of a hundred miles which
shoild connect two main stems of
roal; and thus make a new trunk line
from the West to the seaboard. It
was a happy thought auci a charter was
obtained. He, with nine other capital
isti, formed a construction company.
Each gave his notes for a hundred
tl ousand dollars, and the work went
on. After the completion of the first
section, the prospective value of the
ros.d was so great that mortgage bonds
were issued for three times the cost of
which were floated at 92
'^^ imuey tliua obtained, Jibe
B 1
tbe gentlemen had not put a
ceM of money into the enterprise;
th« held almost two-thirds of the
bolds, and all of the stock; aud my
fri/nd has been enabled ever since to
maintain a style of living not like his
former years, but like a prince, aud
Knsmit the same to his children.
d also a friend, a workingman
xired with his hands upon the
iction. He received his ticket
ou and return, and daily wages while
th .0 sufficient to maintain himself and
fai lily as usual while he was actually
at work and not longer. The only
re alt which still clings to him is a
mllarial disease, contracted there,
w«ch in all probability, will incapaci
taß him for tbe future for more than
tmthirds work, so that himself and
faßry will hereafter be poorly fed,
pwly clothed, and poorly housed.
wm this an equal distribution of
prlfits ? lam aware that what is a
pHper share for the workman is
n nly a question of sentiment, aud
d-Mends upon the estimate which you
1 hce on his manhood. But, from the
C ristian standpoint of the brother
bt >d of all men, was it equitable T If
th, capitalist for his brain work and
thf loan of his credit received more
enough to maintain him in his
style i fcm ' n ' s n ' e '
to have re
oeivedi to maintain him in his
shie cf *° tne eiM ' of his life?
1 f tint, 80 ' can our civilization
be said ! " him, according to
11. HukeWmW
—\ Krtcil from her slumber
AM Hi a dizzy little shriek,
JB Bamt she'd seen her lover
Mk ■ another lassie's check.
; — Col ton Huh.
Hhtft-'iitmi ier similiter
All she bad 10 hustle out
—Decatur Review.
She started from her slufjber
Wirh i dizzy little head,
She dreamed a man was under
Her inviting liter 1 bbilim bed.
—Saratoga Eagle.
See started from her slumber
Willi a dizzy littl,- Marin,
As she gazed in note wonder
Ai the pillow in her arm.
—Industrial Hews.
She •tatted from her slumber
With a screech like a lion roaring,
And heard a voice beneath the window
Saying shut upand stop yoursnoring.
She started from her slumher
W ii Ii a throbbing, aching head
Fa _v .1 horrid nightmare
She had seen her Jiinniie dead.
A Query Answered.
We have just received another letter,
of a kind quite familiar to us, in which
the writer requests us to "famish him
with some facts and authorities on the
labor question as he desires to prepare
\ an essay upon the subject."
Hardly a week passes in which we
do not receive one or more of these
j epistles Sometimes it is a debate the
j information is asked for, sometimes
I simply fur the personal enlightenment
of the questioner, bnt always a speedy
answer is requireq.
We are always gratified to learn that
, people are interested in this topic,
j though we sometimes wonder if onr
I correspondents really believe that an
editor is, so over-burdened with leisure
1 time us to have n 'hing to do bnt to
this, may lie, we have a sug
j gestion or two to make to these seekers
; after knowledge which may be of ser-
I vice, not only t, them, but to many
others w«o are also seeking light.
Tbe facts and arguments
| for the defenco of the labor movement
can be best obtained from the use of
one s own power of observation, not
j from books. You may read Marx, Las-
I selle, Adam Smith, George,
j and th« whole army of latter-day
; writers, yet if you depend on them en
I tirely for information, you are yetigno-
I rant. As in the " Forest of Arden," so
i in our modern wilderness of industry.
I There is a tongue in the clatter of every
labor saving machine, a set mon in every
tenement house, and plenty of tragedies
in every factory community.
The lubor movement is not based on
the theories of books, however true or
j iDgenitftis, biU on the natural rights of
human bt-inga t> a decent livelihood in
a land of plenty.
Stand by the gates of a factory and
watch th-) crowds issue forth, pallid and
stunned from their imprisonment Note
1 j the bo w.-d and bent form of the old
' man who has toiled at his trade for a
1 lifetime, until he is as much a part of it
as a wh*el is of a machine. Go to the
great cities and see how industrious
I virtue fares by the side of vice in idle
■ ness. Watch the miners as they sur
; render God's fresh air and the green
1 fields of earth for a life in the dark,
dami. p,t
Scan of legislative bodies
" "md see im kenassed for th«tanefitof
: ~„r undefended.
L.» "..Bgol'lding process by which a
Cfjgjß 'B 6 °f me n are appropriating the
1 increase of wealth in the
■ i-epnbJWwhile great masses of workmen
1 are always on the borderland of want.
Folloi ont this line of investigation
1 here crt ly pointed out, and if you
1 know co .ben somewhat of the labor
problem o dry essays of statistics of
nicely fo tnulated bookish plans will
| make yon anght the wis* r.— Laborer.
The Knights of Labor make a great
mistake m remaining members of the
two olej political parties. In so doing
they are fighting one another in the
interest cf their enemies. The capi
talists 1»- 9 both the old political par
ties itely under their control, and
they chu i«T with delight when they
see wage- orkers and poor young men
fighting ( ie another, some as Demo
, crats and iome as Republicans. The
true polii of wage-workers and poor
I men genei Uy i 8 to form a party of our
own. Thi contest between the rich
. and tbe oor is inevitable. Let us
make it a olitieal contest, and fight it
out as the jiizens of a republic should
do, with ou .Ballots. The ballot is the
most potent weapon which the poor
man posses sea How silly is it for him
to use it, m,t for his own benefit, but

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