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V II VI 11 II II II II I I
I WHAT AKK CONSOLS?
This question may bo worth answer-
ing at present, when every one is look
' ing with interest to the commercial status
of (Jrcat Britain. A rise or fall in Con-
k..1j" id invurialtlv taken ft a sirn of
commercial prosperity or adversity, yet
few have a very definite idea of what in
meant by "Consols." We find in the
lloston lleavU the following explanation
of the term:
It is not expected that everybody
fchuuld know what Consols are, or if they
do that they should constantly bear in
mind what an important element they
arc in the affairs of (freat Britain. We
propose to make a simple explaution as
to their importance, by remarking that a
permanent fall of one per cent, involves
a loss to holders of, in round numbers,
thirty millions of dollars.
The national debt of England began
w ith the relinquishment of the old custom
of extorting from the people and sub
stituting borrowing therefor to meet
imblic exigencies. Charles I. borrowed
largely from his partisans; but all his
debts were extinguished by the Revolu
tion. It was under his sons, Charles II.
and James II., that the foundations for a
permanent dept were laid in England.
On the accession of William III. the debt
was 064,203. During his reign, how
ever, the system of credit was expanded
throughout Europ. A largo part of the
annual expenditure of the government
waR defrayed by borrowing money and
pledging the State to pay annual interest
upon it. At William a death tho debt
was 15,730,439. From his time to the
present, the process of borrowing has
been continued in all exigencies, such as
war. tho larirc payment on account of
' Xegro emancipation, &.C. In periods of
peace, and when the rate of interest lias
been low, tho Government has redeemed
Kmall portions of the debt, or it has low
ord the annual charge by reducing, with
the consent of holders, the rato of inter
est. The debt then consists of several spe
cies of loans or funds, with different de
nominations, which have been, in process
of time, variously mixed and mingled,
such as Consols, i. e., several different
loans consolidated into 0110 stocli, 3 per
cents, Consols, new 3 per cents, &c.
The public debt continued to increase,
until, at the accession of (Jeorgc I. in
1714, it , was ,5 t.l 4.r.3C3 Some two
million was paid off during this reign,
but during that of his successor it was
g eatly increased, so that in 1703 it had
r ached the Mim of 13S,S05,430.
During the peace from 1703 to 1775 ten
million were paid, but at the conclusion
of tho American Revolution it wns
219,851,023. In the peace which en
sued from 178 1 to 1793, ten million were
paid. Then came the great moral and
political revolution of Europe, in the
courso of which England nided with des
potism. She fomented quarrels caused
coalition after coalition to be formed,
spent more freely to uphold every abso
lutist, subsidized every despot, and was
tho enemy of tho people. During this
insane career she contracted an increase
of .debt exceeding nix hundred million
sterling, so that, at tho closo of the war,
and when tho English and Irish Ex
chequers were consolidated, the total
funded and unfunded debt, in 1817, was
810,850,491, and tho annual charge up
on it Mas 32,015,941.
From that timo to 1 85 1 there was a
continual reduction of debt. On tho 1st
of April, 1854, it was 709,044,219.
Hut then came the Crimean war, and
afterwards tho war in India. Immedi
ately following these, came the necessity
for increased expenses in placing the na
vy and army in preparation for a general
European war. Tho Crimean and Indian
wars have increased tho debt more than
nil tho reductions which were made dur
ing forty years, and to-day it cannot be
less than 850,000,000.
This vast sum, reduced to dollars, is
four thousand two hundred millions, most
of which is Consols, bearing interest at
three per cent. Tho ordinary price of
. the three per cents is 95, because people
invosting at such a low rate, will not
pay. par when money is worth a higher
per centagf. Tho lfc news w that
Consols had fallen to 89 nud 00. This
fall is equal to two years interest on four
thousand million dollars. If holders
wcro obliged to sell now, the aggregate
loss wonld bo $240,000,000. As it is,
only those who have money engagements
. and must sell out to meet them, will be
losers. Already we hear of tho failure
: of forty stock-brokers of this class, and
others will follow unless Consols improve.
A rnosPKCTiv View. The Huntsvillo
)Texas) Item, in an item on tho slave
trade, makes tho supposition that the
louthcrn States havo already formed a
eparatc republic and are going it alone:
they havo legalized tho slavo trade, and
Jntvo sent their ships to tho coast of
Africa for loads of Congoes. On their
icturn they are captured by war vessels
atil taken to the northern republic, to
lv lnd or to Fraiicc, where their cap
tal i and crews are hung for piracy.
Of Sursc, then, war must be tho result,
whf would bo a war with all the restjof
the Vilized world, because no civilized
nati v with the exception of this south
ern public, would sanction tho Afri
can i c trade. here, then, would bo
th fat caters?
jJJ' A a proof of tho little valuo M.
da H oldt set on personal distinction,
it jiif -s. stated that the great number
of d- "rf-Nim which ho had received
from t' V'. Vreigns of all counties, were
foinl pell tn"ll it a cupboard. '
From the Albiiny Eve uluy Jounl.
MORNING IX BED.
BY JOHN M'lXTOait.
('f'uiU ritk Bum gmlA Scottish Bard")
Hfl l.almy air tlirnuirh lmwUim lu.l,
AoroH niy lunifuld temU crecy,
Ami wliier o'er my lii(fuUh vuin,
A nuiiiiiuiim to llit hiujcI tcrp.
Tho in pour tlirmmh my w indow Mind,
In lliif llko broken miliri'-V.uilr:
In tilnliitf tU'M they liurinle utritch,
A If aupworted ly their ttuadc..
The plnnlc-lnhl pnh thilt pan tho ntnvt,
IKik IllHuriM'il Ix twi-Ti tint t.iir:
Frail litre-work wovu In nilent lootim,
lty fronty tti;t'r" h'in'th 'ho ntar.
Anil ntrewoil n tlilik a Insert wnnn
When kluntlng full tho nintner In-Kin,
Dliilviiiu In tin ninlli' f morn,
J murk tho pearly frot point gleam.
Above, far through tho elenr hluo air,
Fhirv. liiwly-deep, th hurnlohwl ky,
And liRlowy foriiw with Ji t of non,
Are flitting, pirlt liki, ever by.
Allfr.HUa Wfwl thlnt'l
Wo Ho nil nlht In ilrrnmy bill.:
Anil, Ptruintlltift In kindly arum,
Tho uioru awake u with a kl.
And davllKht In a fent of irlftn
WIiItb all aro dear Invited ifuc-ot;
Wlieru ll"auty rav lu r Kwi'fti'ct hiiiIU',
And Humor c)iarni the hour ultliji ot.
VTe notice Iom Hip Rood than 111
Junt n wo notion hm llio word
Of klmllv jfroctlna from a friend
Than aoi-ont of reproacli, w hen heard.
Beyond In arrooned In mUty robe,
Vet irruln, not weed, ifrowouthclilll:
Junt no tho liiictlc field of life,
Hear more of good, by fur than 111.
Tho pnhlnir tonr, thr ery of wrotiir,
Tho wnillnv of a broken lieiir,
VTlwn heard In Naturo' fair dmnuin,
Aro neiit, bo ure, by cruel urt.
Tho ont of bird bo burnllnst bud
The in of cuiiHhlno In the nir
All houtof Joy to mo havo been,
Tho lanttuuife of a thankful prayer.
O, till In rippling tide of oiiir.
My grateful koiiI to Clod will r1o,
Iu fervent breathlim to proloi jr -
Thl heaven, to rue, bentalk the kle.
Jamehvillm, April 23d, 18.10.
T THOMAS MOOR.
Oh! do not liMik co brluht and blet,
For etill tliero pome a fear,
When brou like thlno look happlpHt,
That K'rlef I then nnt near.
There lurk a dread In all ilrllRht, ,
A aliadow near eaeh vay.
That wan. u tln-n to fear their flight,
When tnoKt wo wlh their tn) .
Tl. ' lonk lint tliou no hrl-ht and blent,
For, oh! there pome a fnir.
When brow like thine- look happlent,
That jjrlef i then mont near,
1iv I It thu, that falrent thln
'I'ho niHinent tleet and die
Thnt, when inont IIlIiI i on their wing,
They're then hut npread to llyt
Anrt ..u''U r at:il. ri ,it u i i:ljr,
Tho blln no more appoiim;
A rainbow take tho Ir tlU'lit nwny,
And leave u but their team!
Tin ii, look not thou no bright mid blent,
For, ah! there come a tear,
When brow like thlno lmk ltapplent.
Thut Krief I tlieli luont near.
rilAISK .1USTIA' diti:.
The active determination of Postmas
ter CJeneral Holt to elevate the standard
of political morality in his Department,
by ricjid investigation of irlleged abuses
and removing or reporting i'ur removal of
those olliecrs who are iound tnultv ot
mal-administration, is npiiluded by the
whole democratic press of the country,
and the more candid of the opposition
press is constrained to give praise where
it is so justly due. As an example of
this praise, we take a paragraph lroin
the Philadelphia Xurth American:
" It certainly does not become those
who have heretofore complained of the
wastefulness in this Department to sneer
or carp at efforts which are intended to
introduce a necessary nnd wholesome re
trenchment. On tho contrary, such
praiseworthy endeavors should be gener
ously seconded, not only from a sense of
justice, but as a means of cflecting in
portant results, at which tho upright
men of all parties aim. What encourage
ment has a public oflicer to address his
abilities ami apply laborious investigation
to so largo and ramified n subject as the
errors or abuses whico have insidiously
crept into the postal service, unless sus
tained by the community for whose bene
fit they are mainly directed 1 The princi
ples announced in Mr. Holt's letter to
tho President, iu Mr. "Wcstcott's case,
aro such as must attract tho respect of
the country, and help to restore to the
Department tho confidence which has
been heretofore sacrificed by its conver
Hion into n mero machine for promoting
political objects or personal ambition.
The whole country is interested in an up
right and efficient administration of the
rost-uflice, and nothing but .bigoted
partisanship would consent to withhold
a full and becoming admission1 C such
services, no matter by whom rendered."
Mr. IIolt need not feor that ho will
not be sustained by tho country in the
work in which ho is engaged. Let an
administration cxercisa all tho care it
may, and some bad men will creep into
office. It is eminently to tho credit of
tho administration that it is prompt to
correct any error it has fallen into in this
respect. The American people will soon
know how to rightly estimate tho persis
tent efforts which tho more reckless and
unscrupulous of tho opposition press has
mado to creato distrust of tho perfect in
tegrity of Mr. J!lciia.a.'s administra
tion. IYe Frets.
iarA Boston paper Btates that of
nino hundred and fifty-three clergymen
attending tho lato anniversaries in that
city, but Bcvcnty-thrco wore the profess
ional badge, tho white- cravat. The
growth of hair on tho faces of many of
divines was another sign that they arc
willing to stand as men among men, and
to find their appropriate distinctions in
something of more consequence than pe
culiarities of costume,
EAST SAGINAW, MICHIGAN, AUGUST 4, 1850.
From tho California Oolden Aro.
HYDROPATHY VS. ALLOPATHY,
Oil A NICjllT I A SHAFT.
Br OLD BLOCK.
If there's "many a slip between the
cup and the lip," there's also many a slip
from the use of the cup. Whoever has
visited the mining regions, and especial
ly the quartz mining portion of Califor
nia, will havo observed the numerous
prospecting shafts in tho hills, which,
whether successful or not, are unavoida
bly left open, making it a dangerous
locality to travel in after night, especially
when there is no moonlight, and -more
particularly when tho heavens are ob
scured by darkening clouds, I had a
friend, a physician who was often called
out at night, ami not iinfroqucntly his
route lay in tho neighborhood of this
dangerous ground ; but, trusting to his
knowledgo of the locality and .his own
caution, ho never felt afraid of any dan
ger by falling into these pits, where life
would bo periled by a perpendicular
descent of perhaps eighty or ninety feet
into twenty feet of water, when, if he
escaped broken limbs by the fall on the
one hand, he was sureoi urownmg onme
other. My friend wasan original genius,
self-reliant and courageous, ardent 111 the
pursuit of his profession, and naturally
disposed to make light ot trying circum
stances where ho was individually inter
estetl, ami who had, withal, seen many
ups and downs in life, ami had had is full
share of misfortune, against which he
had manfully struggled; and, to use his
own expression, he had never been in ho
tight u-place but that he had contrived
to get out, if ho was ever so tight.
Jt was about 10 o'clock one dark night
last spring, during the rainy season, that
a rap came to the doctors door, and, on
obeying the call, the voice of an Irish
man responded : "Docthcr, the mistress
Malony is taken sick with tho cramps,
and, be my soul, an' ye wud find her alive,
ye must run till tho breath is out ov yer
body; for 1 doubt of ht. Pathnck him
sIf can savo the life ovher." It was an
awful night. The rain poured down in
torrents, tho night was of inky darkness,
but it was a desperate case, and, availing
himself of tho messengers lantern, the
doctor hurriedly sallied out, under tho
impression that ho would most likely be
detained all night. His path lay along a
dangerous route on Church Hill, where
f.Jrr wt'JiiTdi W? lt"t?i-n11H: ft ft, ' ran WUT1
caution and his knowledge of tho locality,
he reached the house ot tho sick woman
without difficulty, and by proper restori
tives, contrived to4kape the breath inher
body," and alter awhile made her so com
fort able that hisjpresont services were no
The immediate danger over, the spiritual
comfort of those in health was looked
after in a llowing bowl of "potheen."
1 he night was cold, the whisky strong,
the water in it warm, and the hospitality
of the honest Irishman, like the weather,
was oversowing. "The warm drink wad
kapo tho cowhl out ov the body and was
better than docther's stulf and plensanter
to take. My friend, convinced by such
reasoning, nothing loth, took a sup, a
second aiid a third, in fact, repeated the
dose so often that he felt himself proof
against cold weather and cold water
As his pujiont was easy and in no iin
mediate danger he resolved to return
home. It was now 1 o'clock; the storm
continued unabated; but, against the
earnest solicitations of his friends, he re
solved to brave it.
"Well, if you will go, Docther, dear,
I'll go will ye wid the lantern."
''Go to the d 1 with your lantern,"
echoed the Doctor; "1 know tho way per
fectly well, anil as lor the darkness, I can
see through it double now. The Doctor
and I will keep each other companyaswe
always have done and thcpunchwill keep
tho rain out.".
"Take another pull, then, if you will
go," said his host. ".Sure, an ye can't
havo too much of n good thing on such a
night as this. Waugh ! but the sluice
gates of heaven are broken loose, sure,
and all the dirt of tho airth'll bo washed
out before morn."
I do not mean to say that tho doctor
was drunk. O, no, that would bo a seri
ous accusation ; besides lawyers have not
decided where tho turning-point between
being tight and drunk is.
Tho doctor was just full enough to in
crease his own reliance on himself. He
had a vague perception on going out that
a knife would bo a convenient articlo to
cut a holo in tho darkness to let a little
light through, but without any labor to
himself his eyes gave sparks of fire, and
he was satisfied that, if they did not see
their way through, why, ho could feel his
way Vith his hands and so he did.
"Well, this is a dose," he soliloquized,
as he went on slowly, while tho rain pelt
ed him in the face. "Humph 1 li3"dropathy
with a vengeance. I never did believe in
the practice. Allopathy forever 1 if (hie)
I ain't the patient and don't have to take
the mcdicino myself. Hydropathy in
homeopathic doses is (hie) yes, it is
rain is good for young sprouts but (hie)
I'm an old one don't want to grow any
more say, cloud, just (hie) sdrew down
yourtournequetn minute think the (hie)
Mow too great lor tho system (Inc) to
great country, tins for water euro es
tablishment got into ono myself, some
howdon't b-bdielicve in tho practice
(hie) to d d wet
', It my dellirht. In a khinny h! Jit,
In tho ntanon uf tho year.'
Ye bank and (hie) brae and Mrenrrwaround'
If the rain koeiia on t think you'll drewJ.
Open sesame, and let mo in I Hel "1
it is supposed trie Hector meant Jlcfp!
as he wildly shouted iu agony, for ho had
not time to linioh the word before his
voice was lost to tho s irrounding world
a sepulchral splash, and all was silent amid
the dreary darkness, save tho rain which
still pattered in torreuts npon earth's sur
face, and trickled in rills into tho shaft
into which the doctor had unmistakably
fallen. For a moment tliero was .n gur
gling a desperate strugglo for some
thing; but a moment served to show the
tho unfortunate son of Ksculapius that
ho had fallen into ono of tho shafts
which proved to be only about fifteen feet
deep and he found himself standing on
its bottom, immersed to his chin in the
writer, liven this Sl..y have, been con
sidered fortunate, for, but a few feet dis
tant, was another shaft fifty feet deep,
with twenty feet of water iu it. Had he
fallen into this, there would have been no
possible chance of escape. His immer
sion and his terrible position sobered him
Ho felt his awful situation keenly;
there was scarcely a chance for escape.
It was perhaps 2 o'clock, and day would
not dawn till 0 four weary hours.
Cries would bo unavailing, for no one
would bo stirring in that dreary weather
till dawn, and could he endure the cold
immersion so long '! Would his strength
hold out ' The water came pouring in
from little rills formed by the rain, and
was slowly but surely rising; his head was
barely above the Hood, and though hisl
physical strength might possibly endure
till morning, there was a strong proba
bility that he would be completely im
mersed in a short time ami he would be
drowned. Death stared him in tho face
with scarce a possibility of escape. His
life passed in rapid review before him ;
his errors stood iu strong array, and ho
wished for life that he might atone as far
as ho could before it was too late.
He was to die, and bitterly he reproach
ed himself for his misdeeds, which per
haps he would not have thought of under
better circumstances, so true it is that in
tho enjoyment of life and strength and
prosperity, men give little heed to aright
preparation for a brighter and more joy
ous world in Heaven. Then again his
childhood his father's home his old play
grounds his schoolmate, and oh ! his
mother. He remembered laying his head
upon his mother's bosom in his hours of
childish sorrow her soothing caresses
her kindly words her kiss of love, all,
;ur nt-r.CxI 'rrifiCli!.n.l:iii i rJ-iil-u.-..t
brain, and then hot gushing tears flowed
freely as these cherished images came to
his mind, and he exclaimed aloud, "Oh,
mother, mother !" Is there a man iu the
civilized world whose soul does not at
times cling with childlike simplicity to
the memory of ft mother's love ; remem
bering a mother's fond embrace her
deep care and affection that welled up
from her very heart? Mine does, and I
love and respect woman for mother's
sake, as well as my own.
At times he felt that there was no
hope. I Ie was to die here where even his
body might not be found, and his death
might remain a mystery. Out nature
struggled by instinct for self-preservation,
and he resolved to keep up as long as his
strength to do so remained. He coin
mended himself to his Maker, prayed
that his sins might be forgiven, and if
(Jod ordained that ho should thus 'perish
he hoped his transgressions might not de
bar him from all Mercy in Heaven.
Trickle, trickle came the little rills into
his tomb, slowly but surely tho water
arose, till at length it reached his chin
his mouth aiuWie bent his head back
ward to be able to breathe. He sunk in
to a state of half-unconsciousness. The
rain nt length ceased, tho weary, wretch
ed hours passed on, and he was still alive,
when by looking upwards toward the sky
he was conscious that daylight was ap
pearing. For the first timo hope beamed
in his heait he might be saved and he
shouted with all Lis strength. It wns
not long before he heard a human voice
exclaim, "Howly Yargin I what's that?"
"it's me it's me I'm in tho shaft
for the love of Coil help mo out I'm al
most dead help me out !'' shouted tho
drowning man and ft faco peered cauti
ously over the brink of tho shaft into tho
darkness below. "Mother of Saints, how
did ye get there, raid who aro you?" re
plied, tho man above. "I'm doctor ;
get ropes and haul me -out I'm nearly
perished and cannot stand it long.
It providentially happened that the
honest Irishman was passing thus eaily
when lie heard tho "voico from below,"
and, though much frightened, he ran t6
the nearest cabin, and alarming the family,
the cords wero instantly taken from the
bedstead, and rushing to the shaft thev
let doAvn the rope which, with difficulty,
the doctor fastened around mm: but be
fore ho was half way up, the treatcherotis
ropo broke, and ho was onco more im
mersed in tho most extravagant hydro
pathic state. Doubling tho chord, a
second trial brought the doctor into the
tho "wide, wide world," a wet, if not a
Wiseman. Jlewas saved, and Las eschew
cd hot "potheen" from that very day.
Add Another Star. Thirty-three
stars must be on tho national-flag from
and after tho 4th of July next. This is
in compliance with the act. of Congress,
passed April, 18 18, which declares that
in tho admission of every new fitato one
star shall beidded, and that mich ad
dition shall take place on the 4 th of July
next succeeding its admission. Oregon
was pdmittcd at tho last session of Con
gress as a Plate of the confederacy.
11 A letter passed through the rural post
office in Northumberland, England, not
long since, bearing the following elabor
ate address: "For the girl at the
Heathenyshanks near tho Cow uito
near the toll near Matyford New-cast cl-on-Tyno
on that side of the road further
est from Centon and near to tho bath
House next to Jlyre joining the stable
close to the cart shed and not far from
tho barn and Thrashing Machine."
A scrgent passing along one of the
streets near tho Tower of London, ob
served 0110 of his men sitting against a
wall. He was the worse for liquor; nnd
on asking him why he did not go home,
ho replied: "Oh, sergentl all the houses
seem to bo passing me; so I think 1 had
better wait till the barracks come, ami
then I can go in without any trouble."
" What are youjifter, my dear ?" said
a grand-mother to a little boy, who was
sideling along a room, and casting furtive
glances at a gentleman who was paying
a visit. " I am trying, grandma, to steal
papa's hat out of the room without let
ting the gentleman see it he want's him
to think he's out."
'.'Why don't you wheel that barrow of
coal, JS 1 said ft learned miner to one
of his sons ; ' " it is not a very hard job ;
thero is an inclined piano to relieve vou."
" Ah replied Ned, who had more rclisl
for wit than work, " the plane may be
inclined, but bang me if 1 am.
A man being awakend by tho captain
of ft boat-with the announcement that he
must not occupy his birth with his boots
on, very considerately replied; "Oh, the
bugs won't hurt 'em, I guess; they are
an old pair. Let 'em rip."
A lady called on a- witty friend who
was not at home, and finding the piano
dusty, wrote upon it 'slattern.' The
next day they met, and the hidy said, "I
called on you yesterday." " Yes, I saw
your card on the piano."
"Why do you drive such a pitiful look
ing carcass as that? Why dout you put
ft heavier coat of flesh on him?" said a
traveller to an Irish cart-driver. "A
heaver coat of flesh 1 J)y the powers, the
poor creature can hardly carry what lit
tle there is on him now 1"
"Who is that lovely girl?" exclaimed
the witty Lord Norbury, in company
with his friend, Counsellor (irant. "Miss
Class," replied the Councellor. " I
vJdftcu vtfr.vcv'i: i i.-ti-d I p!ai:fl
such a Class to my lips," was the reply.
A Sunday school teacher, deploring
the lack of attendants upon his ministra
tions, appealed to the few present. "What
can I Lf," said he, " to get the boys and
girls here?" " know," said ono of the
urchins. "What is it?,' 'Give 'email
five cents a-piece."
" That'sa fine strain," said ono gentle
man to another, abiding to tho tones of a
singer at a concert the other evening,
"Yes," said a countryman who sat near
but if ho strains much more he'll bust."
" Yon can't tell who made the monkey
for all you pretend to know so much,'
said an impertinent fop to a clergyman,
who had reproved him for profanity. "Yes
I can," said tho clergyman, "he who
made you !"'
An Irishman going to bo hanged beg
ged that the rope might he tied under
his arm instead of around his throat,
"r or, said 1 at, " I am so remarkably
ticklish in tho throat, that if tied there
I'll certainly kill myself with laughter."
A newspaper editor out West says,
"that th o simplest way of calculating dis
tanccs of heavenly bodies, is the rule laid
down by John Phcnix's celebrated lecture
upon astronoyiy, viz., guess at one half
tho distance, and multiply by two.
Mr. Pullup coming home lite, "pretty
full, fiiuls the walking slippery, and ex
claims : " V-ver-verry sing'lar; wh-when-ever
water freezes it freezes with the sl-slip-
pcrv side up; very nnglar.
A farmer charged a hired man with
Laving an euensivc ureatn. " Anunder
an-.l lightning," said the employee, "do
you expect n man to breathe musk roses
lor six dollars a mouth ?
"J .ray, don t atrompt to tiarfiyour
cobwebs," was Swift's advico to ft P.'iitle
inan of strong imagination anil weak
memory, who was laboriously explaining
An Irishmanwent to live in Scotland
for a short tunc ar.d did'nt like the coun
try. "I was sick all tho time I was there,"
says he, "and if I had lived there till this
timo I d boen dead a vcar r.go."
A Sleepy deacon who sometimes en
gaged in popular1 games, hearing the
minister use tho words " shnlllo off this
mortal coil," started up rnbbed his eyes,
and exclaimed. " 1 loll on ! it's mv deal !''
A good many of tho flying rumors of
tho dsy would bo more appropriately
designated by taking off the f.
A man onco asked a company of little
boys what the) wero good for? Ono lit
tle fellow very promptly answered : "We
are good to mnkc men of."
We heard a lawyer and a doctor dis
puting the other day about a bill a fellow
owed each of them. He vas only able
to pay one of them and left it to them
to settlo which ought to have the money.
Of course," said the lawyer, " I saved
tho fellow from going to the pcuitcutiary!
Well," said tho doctor, " I have saved
him from going to hell 1" It is needless
to odd who got the money. ;
Oh, for an ideal' said tho poet grasp
ing his hair. '1 don't know what others
may think,' saio Dr. Spooner, 'but my
suspicion is that you havo owed for too
many of your idea already.'
4 1 enrso tho hour when wo wcro mar
ried V exclaimed a enraged husband to
his letter half. To which she rnildlv re
plied. 4 Don't my dear, for that was the
only happy one we have seen !'
4 You always lose your temper in my
company,, raid an individual of doubtful
reputation to n person near him. 'True,
sir, and I shouldn't wonder if 1 lost eveay
thing about me.'
An Irish paper announces, that a Mr.
Kenny, returning to town, fell down and
broke his neck, but happily received no
other damage !'
A teacher ono day, endeavoring to
make a pupil understand the nature and
application of passive verbs, said : 4 A
passive verb is expressive of tho nature
of receiving an action; as, Peter is beat
en : Now what did Peter do ?' " Wt U,
1 don't know,' answered tho boy, paus
ing a moment, with the gravest counten
ance possible, 4 without the hoUored!'
There is a capital anecdote of the
reign of Louis XVI of France, accord
ing to which some ladies got it into their
heads from some book they had been
reading, that it must be a glorious thing
to see the sun rise, Put as that took
place in the only hours in which, they
were uniformly in bed, what was to be
done ? After much consideration, it be
ing of course impossible for them to
think of rising so early, they resolved to
havo a party and sit up all night and ride
out just before day to the top of a neigh
boring hill and witness tho strange phe
nomenon. This was duly performed, tho
friends then all went to bed, astonished
nt the degree to which they had ruralized
themselves. Daniel "Webster, it seems,
during many years of his residence in
Washington, used to get up an hour be
fore sunriso in w inter, light all the fires
with his now. hands, having ft knack at
that sort of thing and then start off to
market with a basket on his arm, to pur
chase himself the daily provisions, gain
ing afterwards, no doubt, many an hour's
march on most of his associates.
In New Y'ork thero has been formed a
Young Men's Early Ilising Association,
nil the members of which arc pledged to
be up at ft certain hour. It originated
with about ft half a dozen young men,
who having kept up this habit for some
years were surprised ot its beneficial ef
fects, at tho success in life of their associ
A littlo watch ful experience will render
this not surprising toanv thoughtful man.
lie .vh'i rises at live instead of seven
daily, adds perhaps ten years of the bright
est hours to his lifo of active thought and
exertion. Life will bo prolonged, health
and happiness will be preserved. All
other animals but men sleep through the
dark hours and wake with the light.
The timo of all the occupations of the
day will be moved forward or backward
bv tho time of rising. Tho early man
takes time by the forelock, and is always
beforehand with his competitor and his
enemy, anticipates their designs, and has
all his affairs arranged so that they can
not be disturbed or molested. 2ot the
breakfast alone but all the meals, and the
hours of retiring will be governed by
habit. iMich n man will drop to sleep 111
his chair at nino o'clock. So much tho
better. Consider the effect on the youu
man. It is nt the lato hour that bad
company becomes most dangerous. By
ron abuses the moon as the light beneath
which at housand times more wickedness
isdonc than the sun, and ho who at twenty
is never out at ten, will find it has saved
him 11 fortune, and earned for him a
character before he is forty of which he
may well be proud. Many a young man
in college has been saved from dissipated
habits by the ringing college bell for
morning prayer nt five o'clock. After
getting up thisearly and working hard at
study oil day, he was glad to get to bed
between nine and ten, fairly worn out
with honet, hopeful toil, instead of mak-
. .'.I 1 .( !i ! ill. .v. .
ing a nigni in n in nue uissipauon,
In married lifo this habit of being
early to bed h worih vears of lifo and
happiness. The children are never wake
fill till they have got through their first
sleep. Put after that, if a man has got
all his repose to get, it will bo so often
broken ns p.oon to break him down. He
will become nervous pimply for want of
sleeri ;deep that he would have got from
nine till midnight, unbroken, but which
he cannot secure after. Intellectually a
man can do twice tho woik while his
mind is calm and clear, as it is calvinthc
day, and as it is not and cannot ba later.
It was before ten o clock generally that
Sir Walter Scott wrote his sixteen pages
per day of thoso novels which are tho
delight of the civilized world, and it has
been before nino o'clock that in our own
city, Dr. Panics has written those com
mentaries on the Scriptrros of which four
hundred thousand volumes have been Hold
in this country and as many more in
Furopc. Tho very self-denial and self-
command indicated and encourcged by
this habit is not its least value. He who
learns to govern himself iu one matter
will in others. I'hiLtd'eriha Lcdtjer.
Ol IT-0 F-1 )00 ll-KX 1; PC IS P..
There is probably not pnother people
to be found, that take so littlo exercise
"out-of-doors" as those living tho cities
and large towns of tho N01 thorn States.
This in-door confinement is the direct oc
casion of two great evils, impaired
loalth, and a destruction of vivacity. To
be healthful and cheerful, much time
should be passed in the sunlight, w here ox
ygen may be inhaled without fctint. btaym
tho house, shop, store, office, study, san
ctum, or other confinement, where car
bonac 01 id pa and other impurities arc
breathed and breathed again and again,
a:td it wo iid Pe very extraordinary -1.
such persons always mantuiued cheerful
hearts, and enjoyed,good health.
Among the (Jernians in fatherland,
(and it may bo true of them here,) their
constant checrfulueM and gayety would
be a marvel to our sad, grumbling people,
out of temper, because of health and out
ofsirits. Early in tho morning, from
four o'clock until ten in tho evening, tho
thoroughfarcsin and about tho cities in
Cermay arc thronged with lads and las
hes, wending their way to tho public
gardens oud other places of resort, whero
social pleasures arc freely enjoyed, and
the heart is mado glad, and tho health
and vigor of tho body improved and pre
served. .' . !
'" "When the men and women have finish
ed their work, or business, they, too, go
forth for amusement. And what is
worthy of note, the ladies are not afraid
of being browned by tho sun's rays and
the health-giving .breezes. They will
spend hours in the.' sunlight, daily, and
we do marvel that any should object
to such an airing.
Can ony one wonder at the superior
robustness and cheefulness of tho women
of Cermany, Italy, and other European
countries, over the women of tho north
ern cities of our country, after contem
plating the difference iu their habits?
Mothers should encourage their daugh
ters especially, to take much exercise in
the open air and do not compel them to
take measured, boarding school, step.
Allow them to run, skip, and hop, as if
they were really alive and full of joy and
life. , . - 1
Any gill from tho ago often to twenty
years, who is in the possession of ordin
ary health, should so accustom herself to
walking, as not to bo dependent 011 the
cars or the omui buses in case sho disircs
to visit Mount Auburn or any other de
sirable place of resort within six miles of
tho city. Yet as daughters aro now
brought up, it would be difficult to find
a girl in the city, of tho period of life in
dicated, that could walk to Mount Au
burn and back without endangering
health, and perhaps life.
If not accustomed to walking, begin
by exercising moderately, , increasing a
littlo every day, until you are able to
walk three, six or twelve miles a day.
The pleasures of lifo will bo greatly :
t'liehhiiced by exercising of. lifo will bo
greatly enchanccd by exercising an now
indicated or in some other no less efficient
way. It is no unsual thing for girls to
begin to lose tho freshness and beauty of
girlhood that delightful period of life
before they get out of theirtcens. Take
our advice, providing it meets the appro-'
val of your mothers, and you will preserve
and magnify the priceless graces of girl
hood as of womanhood, health, beauty,
and cheerfulness and secure that which
everybody desires, a long, healthful, hap-'
py and useful life.
'rum Hull' Journal of Ilcukli.
At this season many persons contem
plate traveling; to do so with tho large
amount of comfort and advantage, physi
cal, social and mental, the following sug
gestions arc made :
Take one-fourth more money than
your actual estimated expenses.
Have a good supply of small change,
and have no bill or picco higher than 10
dollars, that you may not tako counter
So arrange as to have but a single ar
ticle of luggage to look after. -
Dress substantially; better be too hot
for two or three hours at noon than to
bo' two cool for the remainder of the.-
twenty-four. , ;. ;
Arrange, under all circumstances, to
bo at tho plaeo of starting fifteen or
twenty minutes before the time, thus allow
ing lor unavoidable or unanticipated
detention on tho way.
Do not commence a day s travel before
breakfast, even if that has to be eaten by
daylight. Dinner or supper, or both, can
be more healthfully dispensed with than
a good warm breakfast.
Put your purse and watch in your vest
pocket, and all under your pillow, and you !
will not bo hkelv to leave either.
The most, if not secure fastening of
your eiiamiier tloor is a common bolt 011.
EttEAD, CAKE5, CRACKERS, AC,
of tho betft quality, at Wholenala or Retail
Kurt Snfcinaw, Jnno 11, 1859.
ANP-tnOXS FOtt SALE AT THE EAST SAO 1
aaur Foundry and Machine Shop, on the Dock.
. 11 bSo WW.
O IX NEW TURNING LATHS, FINISHED AW)
O road fot ttUc, thoop.
Ennui ro of
II ESS A PRO.
NOTICE TO LUMBERMEN THE SURSCR1B
ei have on hand a guod assortment Sleijrh Shoe,
l.,r ialo ehep. HESS A BRO.
ORANGES AND L.EMONS,
rlAN BK FOUND CONSTANTLY ON HAND
J by the Box at
milOSE INDEBTED TO I s KITHF.RON M)TK
I. or account-, aro rtxpienteil to n 'elt,
mine without do'.ny, u wo are detorrninod tovlwseall
account. Hereafter our trn are 1 nn.
t'OPEl.AND A BARTOW.
Dint S.tginjw, Juno 11, leo'J.
T7ASTMAN, HAVING FITTED UP ROOMS
liovor SunlxTU A Turkei'a I'rovwu'ti 8tor, Um.w
rnrod to t ko Ani.n.typr in superior tyl end
jut them np in tienuliful ao jut rwciid ry Ex
prew. Good I'ictuif taken aa low m FI FT Y CKNl'S
LARGE BOX STOVES FOR .T0RF..S, FC1IOOL
Hou-f , Ar, warrautcd not to en k or hrr-nk in
one yenr'i fuir uaga. HKsS A BKO.
It-.1.V GREAT VARIETY THIS
day received ly fipre, and for nle by
' A. FERGUSON.
THRESHING MAdllNKS, 1IOF.SE TOWERS,
Wood Sawiujt MiuliinontuU and rriil tfi
n-rtnw an ldipMt, by HEJf A L..3.