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'T3RMS: S1.50 PER Y3CAII; INVARIADLY ITsT ADVANCE. ;i:o. f. lewis, rcDLisiiEKl! 1 VOLUME .1. EAST SAdlAW, MICHIGAN, DECEMBER 22, 1859. ITUMJ3ER 21. ,: East Saginaw Courier. GEO. P. LEWIS, Proprietor. rulliliJ over TLun lav mnniiirj at the City if Eiifl biginaw, .Michigan. TERM?: SI. 50 ft year. Invarhtblj In ajvutiro KATES 01' ADVERTISING. tno rotiare (10 line, or ty) 3 wci-Li, tlfiO ravh mieretxlin;' wot-k. lti foiirf h Column, I War, i r S20 (U) half .... ;:onn wholo " " 50(,0 Pusinm ('ard, 5 Ytnm or Jw, 3 00 VHhrr terms tnado known on a-)lirntin at thr fifllre. ... Tffirlr advortinor will ko ontitlcd u card in the l!u-i(. Iiireutory fr.it i. JOU 1'KINITNG. Cmnpetid with the CjurieroXw ii a New and Et t"iifiivo Job I'kixdxu EsTAUi.i.siiMr.NT.hririn riuiri mil Oinnm.-nti.l Printing ff even- ilpm-rii.tion will lm in the l.ifppt nnrl iiiyat fMlennal.lr tt'-l?. Patronage is wliiited. Ul.V. 1". I.UW'IS. los t0. fii cc"xot ice. MAILS ARRIVE. Eastern Mail, daily at 6 l M. Vortammih A liar City mail daily at 6 P. M. Wny tnn.il from Flint ilailjr at li'J P. .M. V .nr A Tum-ol.t. i.t'iil aciui-wei-kly, ' Tii"liiY and Friday. ?inar Citr mail lailv at. 7. P.M. .MAILS CLOSE. l''iife rn mail, daily at & I' M. I'orlMiioiilh A I-ny ( itv J.iily at 7 A. M. Way until to Flint daily at 1 "l M V.tsr A Tuiola. Semi-weekly mail Monday and 1 umnl:iys nl 1 l'. .M. K.-igiuaw City Mad dally at 1? .M. Otfi.-o hour. i nt 7 A. M. to 121 P. M ., and from 1 P. M. to ?J P. M. a. a. iiess. p. a. Eat Saginaw, An git fit 4, I roll. Travelers Directory. GOING EAST. Bow A rnrrU'a Stjfl loavr. daily for Hint and Ilally. at 6 A. M. and 2 P. M , conuecting with 1 A M. R. V. Detroit. tv. i.. i. little At io., Bjnkr. and Exf-nnre Er 'k !. Iry nnd -ll Tx rbnnjro, Eai.Ii Niyi'-, I i ; 1 fj.!-cr, Ao. Vi'.l (fiva piomrt iittettit n t Coll. r, i :: I -ra r .ir.nts at rurrrnt rutrt. Tfixcj p;. i iof n.iD-ro.l-'iciiK, and nil innti ricoiiiiec'.'d nii'i w Land Aru opM'inpMy htirndo i '). EAT SAilNAU'. F' hftTP OiTicp, W'.U bi'y t i ! Nt, ?f r'.g:-, Tirift, A' , nr.d nn-Mifc"' i.:!. Ail f !''! 'rifi j'l'noj t'v a'ton led to. 0.'2i". ut Iy Ct-; )' iy t oiiiiy, T ta.' f.AV C I I V. ivi;:ii:u lvHri'.i.i:!?. AtU.rncj. na 1 CyunMlli.rs at Law n..d li.!t v. in v."hic?ory. As-'tr tor l uvia i 1 . Lw; !. iy:i ; Ti:tM, Ac. OiT. r.rr f M'.iir ui r.'holonliS ftr 1 Tvftnil drrilf t in I'-.tf'h ard Ar.ieiir'.n i''.r'l:rr, t'llfr-, Ua.. .. ' u i.it.ir'.l I n';iif nciiM, t '..p,ier, i in r.nii fwf l"n Vv'h'i, .ti?. ErVk.!c H.' -.M'- I' SAfif.T.WV. T'h:fllv.)e and Ee'nil to'il' in Iry 0 c, Oroto rio, CrcK-Vcry, ClutLir, ll.it, Cm.', ,tv. i:a?-t SAGINAW. m:5"mlo. a. co. I.ler in T'l'iifi ViJ M'dioinrs. pttnt Modiidnes Ae A: 0;, 'to Prtok 1!" EAST SAGINAW. w I LL I AM J. LO VELA M , Attorney, Ci'ur,c!io'r r.nd ri'or, 'Mel f t IjitItict and -liinfj 1 l, l';iyi:i l.ict, . ih ysT ha'tnav, . 4ic:n;Aj'.. ' -w - -JI if Ait'us. Iia.iUr la llnt, dp. I u- nrA Sli'-i. P.en-it ?f..i Clothlf, fi Fovea, is. Cij-v-.o Mr- k :i v.-' EA'T .v f.l I N A W. m mm n .T3 k ft orTrrr? r - n ill nuenii to luc i iir -m, .-uiop-.rni in'i ir.-i-r?-tion if Luiubor un nginaw .iivor. I.-t rn'.jro Addi res-, , E A ?T ?A H I N Ar. JAIli:. O. hOLTIiiritl.ANi)'. Attorney ftllt Counsellor at Lnw. -rnd Proefnr in AdaiiMlty. - - SAGINAW CITV. ja.mi; ititi:. :v. Attorney ai Councilor at Law, Fwlicitr In Chiinoe ry, and Notary Put.;'..'. 13 A V CITY. At'emera and Co;i'stl'.iri f.t T.i, '"inii-'tri ii; t'haacory, Ae. CJioo lu the Co .it Ii, if?. MGISAW (1TY. Vtterney nnJ Conn-ic'lr rt I.t.v, Lurd, TnroaJ Coiloc'tlpg Agtnt. OQic" in the Cviu 1 !(, KAOrNAV.' CITV. A'orner nt Couti'ollorf nt T, Lend and Trx Paying Atfejtta, MIDLAND CITY. . it ilm.vm I.. r.i;m;i:. I'u'.ted Slntct Counniuiuncr fr th E'lNiri. t of M'xli igin, OR, ' V ' EAST SAGINAW. Attorneys A Counsellor. EAST SAGINAW. ' I). Y. C. CAGE, A Norway and C.on'.e'.lor at Low, und Solicitor In I'hanoroT i nku Divnd and Tax A ttrn. EAST SAGINAW. C. A. IiATIlllOSV riirnieian and Prgsnn. ReJ lem on eiwt ride pf Washington itrctt, bctwoett Willijm. and IUvden trfott. EAST SAGINAW. j am l:s s. u i:uni:it. peitler In Family Grocer ion, Oil-, Paints and Gla-., Confeetiontryi, Prneg nnd Ruiins, En lion' Work vP.a-ketn, Pot. for llou--o Plrnt-, Ae , Ac. Wtfr Stxoct, Cvt JiKirs rontlt of En. V Ttl" , EAST SAGINAW. ' AMIJROTYPES. imitv ii vrn iiitfii ip Eonvs 1 firer Sanborn A Ttti-ker'a Provison htore, Unotv yirep-ired to take Aml rotyfo in hiipviior ttyU, oa I pni tam p in boautitni eases jum re -eiveu i y i.x prni. Good pijturon taken at low a. FIFTY CENTS LARGE EOX STOVE FOR STORES, SHIO0L H.mse, Ae, wurr.mlcd not to em. -It nr l.rei k in ono year', fuir uag3., . , : ' JlESrf A EEO. SHF.ET ME.tf!. If'GREAT VABtETY THIS Jut retired by einro.., and fr fM ? ,, , ' - A. IIEGI0,V. IJAIN'ih AND OILS, feTlltP" AND MOLAV-i:??", Sngrr an 1 Triw, Rt . J. S- Wl'lilU'K. . iT7RArPING rAPElf. 300 EEAMS RAG, f V Sfrnr, MunULt nnd Tea pnrr of all oitea fur a.ilo at Mill jiri.T. , JF. N. Hit IPG MAN. 1yui ijTta iilk viNLGAk vv ti:iM:i.i'.'E HKlity, mniii!faitre(iby JACUI5 M'llOEN. tT 0 US i ffO RE N T-A (i001 ( OMM'IU A I - LE ' I I Pwcllii.g Iloure to ru.t. rl'ne-it1 v nitunto 1. Enuiro f . ' G. W. M ERI5ILL. J"ATEr5lE;nClNLS. A cunVrnf a...rftr7tit at II II A CD. I ADIF-S Luting gaiters at one dollar per pair, at J J. W. Timi', and a Wo largo aaeortiiient of (IlooU and fkoen. Ji"cK wTul AVOOlfRA lt$ (ritTTOITNG S, for alo or r lei by iLoJayjt,, '.IIF.SSA DKO. xM.Er.nor.o UlT AN Fire Insurance Company. CASH CAPITA. ASU fiURVLVtS, $:3,X)0 0 P F I C E X. 1 03 r.nOADYVAY, i'omrr of I'iue Strttt, iVrir Yurk. 1) I U E C TOUR. J e in oh I.nriiner Ornhum Josrjjh JJ. Vurnuin, I.poiuird ApU l(V, I'redcrick II N'l'l.jott, Willium K. Strong, Mi. Tuylor, 'arrrn Delano, Jr., Ilrnry V. EutW, (.. H. Mi'llvninc, OilVrt J.. Hen kinun, Jdsrph U. A'nriiuiii, Jr., Dudlry I!. Fullrr. .Tnnio. O. SliMIn, John l llondontuu, Daiiitd I'ui inh, (iutavn. A. Conovor, Martin llat.-K, Jr , flmrlm .. None, Wafifon E. Cmbo, I-nirnin Fn-rmnn, IMwnrd Mi-cinlicr, Jim. Lmiincr ii rahntn. Jr. S.uimcl I). Er.r!l'nril, Jr. t 'lirlc K. A I'lfl'y. JAxrs LociMi.it Gi:a;i.iv l'rt-s't. EnwAnn A. STnANoncnr, S -i-'y. . En::?T ('. KuntiM,l Aw't So;'. JinN W.STiiuNfj, State At , Ec'n it. CJIAH. IJ. MUTT, AMit, Kast F:.-I.aw. GARRISON & DICKINSON, lliulttale Groctrt and Jmportcn, DETROIT, MICHIGAN. OFFER TO TIIF, T 11 A D F, 1?0 Hilda. Slitter, all grade, 5 rt. to !) ct COt) iSat-ks Cotlpe, " 11 " ' lTi " 2."V Chert Tea, " " '.D " ia " Tn'-ther with a ouintdcte irtock of Grocvrie. and Li'iU' m. Our r-hiJs wt-ri iiiirrlui.trd nince the doclino at the recent auction iiu.- rt.K cash, and we aro cn ftUod tu (.(Tor irreiit injuctuient. to Mirliirin and C.'inadiiin Mcruhunt.i. 1. A 1). J". LATEEBOP, I) i: ntist. TlTOLLn RESPECTFELLV ANNOUNCE TO V the citiren. of It .Sainnwr, that he liea open ad an otHi-e i n Wu.shinfoii .Street, orpositc the lian- croft llc.mr, where he will he moxt Imppy to wrait ur-jtj Ail wlio mnv re in r.efit T h'n Tict". iv.ial nMeniicn ti-ill le c;tn to the iTorrvnt!nn t.f tre liaturnl tctlli. fi " L'n t:il, end 'T.e f.i'l l used in fillii:. Artili.iid toi th iimertcd in ths nir.st fi. .r.iu"l mniiner, from a tingle (v'h to n en- t'ri r 1. u-:t u 'A .Silver. Chci !:.mv Pivrf A.? All w .rk wi'.l lu thoroughly d"no on r.'iisor nl.le ti",m, n I ii ; ; . 1. 1 v.' .1 .1. L.Uia.J.'. EaM hnwi'tuw, 0-tf lr loth, 130. ROOTS, SIIOKS& LKATIIJiR!! The Valley Store! A. HA TON CO., u NW fiFFFP.lN'l K LARGF. AND J C! e .Vi c'd of Eooti ini 1 .Vmc-k in' ovcry i'i v:.;'cy (except '..' Jw''U ! 1 i.lJf- ii ;-.-r i:.".'.;.:, ' i i.j r.l.ii-1 J'urr.trn Th: y I'.edg. fhii'i (.'.I'-'i ta'irket. Ibein-i-Jven to nc'.'i on EETTI K TERMS ' l.i: ever l.eiti l. r-.i in G.i" j.ivi: and i.r.T i.ivi:," N I he tjriiiriplj up a w'.i.'i thy nr d6-iTi int 1 to do htiMnr-, and th' T will ro.if:iin th miimIvi ex m1;; to the Root, ; nnd ii'.her tni.I". To l!; ir if jwwwJm 1-tt En die- uc.r !!i:,y v. nil 1 ir.il pnr lioul.ir uttemi. ii. They ;i i , e am I y in ih'-'r cm )!. f.e V-1 t-r t ri.i u' l', ktft,',-t!t i t t ,;' F.f'iu-j ' a;-.! Pntent I..r.:ii , ;itrl can ;tn P K- n.ak as k' 1 a i.iK..i c.ui '.. '.vi.;!.t in thr ;-t ..!.. z.auh:s" GAirj:r': ;..n r.' l'i;u' ! f ,r fluraHlitv and . ,-tt n no Tit. mud to or- dor. '1 Je:r M"ui;V.t rr i m vnr. t o. i fi I'lnti.ai. i. lid nil orlinoM' -uted on t lif dio;iisl imli.-e Lum I crini-n will do well to r id nn i er itnine t'i:-ir st-.u-Ji if l.OdTS l.f.no pun hi.-iiiir i'l-.owh"rl. i.t tluv pled 'e tin-native- to .-U a ElllTKll ARTICLE tit a I.OU'l.lt PRICE tliiui Lus over t ern M in t'u . out ly. Ctll aud wo. A. EATON A CO. 1 East Sugiiiiiw, Oi tolu-r HO, lHS'J. " ' T 31 1: ,Vi3R V LAT K S T . N i; W INS T I 'J1 U T ION Old Stum! Cbjrttnu! Sy Bartow. M. C. MOWER & CO., VlfOULD RESPECTFULLY INFORM THE T op!e of this .r-etion v." tho uuivcn.0 that they have recn.tly piirehaned the Grm-ery lv-tithlirh-n. -lit of M-jirs. CojH-lnn i A Etiilowof this City, lit whu-li .it h nd they ppjpoe to keep conMuntly on liaud a full supply of GROCERIES, I'ltOVI.-sTOXB, COUN MEAL, PRC IT, GRAIN, rLOUR, TEED, VEGETABLES, ' FEESfl BUTTER, CHEESE, LARD, PORK, . REEF, BURNING FLUID, - andJ fa m i lv 's ijipi1i i;sa ' Tn j-crrrrl, whkh t'u-y x'.'A w! nt nr low if rot low tf r ites limn they have ever Wen ptiri-Uascd hero. OllV HT'ZVCiliti.OM For purchw.ing oil t!iee aitu-lcs aro the vory Lent, hoing in eonstant conmitiiic-tlion wiith tho bc-t ari-'.-iilriii-al porli.-u cf Michigan, Ly means of our own teams. L U M D E R M E N Will do well to call on us before tou-.ji!lIng their outfit f r tho woods. A hrro of patronnga Is sollc-ltel. E. Sug , Sept. 22. '63. It. C. MOWEIl t CO. ' Qli.OCERlES &C.' A new Supply of Fr( Family Gr-yoerir r re.-tivc-l nt tho'rf,r f f. JuLnlAy, eon-i'-tin; een of evaiy tirttrlfc in this lino that is rcd-iimj f(T fi.u.Hv usee groat pin. havo Uen taken in Jclfl-.-ting t-v.vb foo l ns ore prtrfvred ly tin 1 fit of 1i'-isp k .c;"y, Fr preness, exce'lorijo f favor l.nnT bC ly rear.nre;il will not be r.cH-e,-irr t ) s.i v more t n fi)'-. Pkitre call nnd 'evimv-o luy Sugrrs, CuCecf, TtJ. Sjico", Ac, endJ.i.E-o f.ry .iir'-iIvM. lumeermi;n'3 and ships stored. " nre to ho had hero in the prnte-' a'mid.u.. and rariety--nd it Is tlm coafldentlr added, at lo.-r prles th.in eWwhei p. 1 wul t tk im itj portaru-tvtooxprt-sniy grutitudo f.r the l.-irgo patronage whicUIhttvoreeeivcd, nnd hoj a that nn int.-lligei.t public already approoiut tho UnrCt they bnvo ro eoiTcd by the greatly reduced prices at which my goods hare been anbl, torn p red witb former ones lm- noeod on them. v r i - - JOHN JOHN DEIOJY4 I' , i -t la there mi "Irrfpretislblc Conflict V If tltorc Lc nn irrcprcssil.il? conflict bv ttveen the northern ana sonthcrn Btatt r.nou tlio subject of Klavcry,' Bny tlirvro ptiLlicati jrcss, Mr.'b'cwnnl is not to llntne lor announcing t'.ic Jact. lnir, Lut there ncccKsariiv any such cuitf.iolV. ,W (inswer, no. Tho l'ouwlers r.f otir rrov eminent wisely t'iovileil that there slionld bt! no rucIi co.iliict, as lon ns each state and the. pcncral roverninent nsstune no authority not conferred upon thoni Ly the constitution of the United States. Kach ktate i.s sovereign and Supreme h nil its internal concerns. It can rejxu late the relations of husband and wife parents and child, master and servant without interference from any other State or the General government. Kach state can institute or abolish slavery within its limits and no other state or tho srner.il ;:overunient can prevent it. .Should the people, of Michigan tlcsiro t institute blavery or South Carolina to abolish it is there any power, under tho conslitu tion to prevent such action? Certainly not. Ludcr tho constitution both free and slave states are eotialh' recognized nm protected. I'nder the constitution so:ne of the States have abolished slavery am Doth lire and slave states have been ad niittetl into tho Union. Under tho con stitution the Slave statcsha cental rights with the free states nnd neither can in terfore with the internal concerns of the other, and the general government i. equally powerless to control the iustitu tions of the state. Thus the constitution wisely provides that there shall be no con flict between the States and it is evident there can be none so lono; as each state does not over step tho constitution itself. It is the failure to regard this "jreat tact that lias led heward and his sattd i-tes to suppose that there was nn "inc prcssible conflict'' between the free and slave states. No such conflict exists, h; ;itiniate!y, it s a myth, u fan'?',' of the Irani, nn overgrown unnatural excre.s c:;.ce upon tho body politic. An at tempt by one state- to abolish blavery in another, is an attempt to violate the con- stiuttoi) of the United States, nml any coiubiiiatiuii of political parties for . that and is c iua.lv out of plaeo under our system of yvvcrnmer.t.' ITanhall F.x roHiu'er. 1 Criminal Complaint aoalvst a Clek gvman. V.cv. llctiry Lester, a clergy man of the I.Iethouit j.erjua.iln i, a;x.old resident cf I, ansin?; was vomplained of c-n o.ith, bv the I'rorrcutin" Attorney of Ii-i.a.'n county, l-of-'re .Ju-lioe Hue, en Wctt'.'.CMhjy, N ivci-il'cr GOth, ' fjr car nally hii'-wiiii; a ".id abui:ir a. l,-Ij1 of the flj.,'2 .of, .tiLt . years, uauic.l . Mary Jane (iardiior. "A. wamnt wits issued on .the same d;:y and placed in tho hands of II. II. Dunks, a Deputy Sherilf of Ing ham county, who made iurfl'ectital search for the. defendant throu.';h this town ship, and through Hath, Clinton county, and throuf'h Wood In til, ShUwassoo coin ty, whither h?' v.As itifnnn Mfr. Lester h-'.d '.n?. The yvi.i jjirl resides in the t0v;j.,!.ip .of Mt;-:d'-i;i, ii.'.vi Cist fr-viil Laimiiiir, i i tin? Jamiiy of a miii by tho name of MnHi,' nnd t!t- complaint was iired by an aunt of the girl, who mado ajijilicntioii to Mr. ratn .ns for that pur pose, i'reviousl v to instituting le"-l tij-o-cecdmM, the auntjveut to the . house of tho defendant, and charged him with the offence, in presence of his wife. We are informed that he made no denial, but in timated, that tho girl made the first ad vances. Tho wife, it is said, expressed a belief in Ills rjjtii t. Aft'T tho accusation had been made, Mr. Lef-tcr left town, having first dis; o.-.rd of his property, and realised for it iu ui v.icy and ;-iod.i, amo:i the latter of v.hh;!i was a full suit of clothes.' The aceusod is a man of ffty years of n:;o or t'lercabouts, tall and ath letic. His family consists of a wife. The family with whom the child resides state, as wo arc informed, that theacctised has been in th habit f Tisitin.ir their house, and, whenever there, of I'ortdlincr and pettinor the child, evincing much r.f- Section for her. Of late, on several oc- rasieus, Jjo has' iasitcl that tho child should sleep with him when ho has stop ped over nitfht, and the family, in view of her tender years and the clerical char acter of Mr. Lester, havo consented. After a vain search for the accused upon false scent for n couple of days, it turned out that when ho left Lansing he proceed ed direct to St. Johns, whero ho doubt less too!c tho Detroit nnd Milwaukee cars, ' cither rat.sward or westward. Lansitly HcpidUcan, Ike. C. Salt. The amount of salt manufac tured at Syracuse, N. Y. is 7,000,000 of bushels annually. Tho annual revenue to the manufac turers is ?3,000,OOG nnd tiro incomo of th-3 Slate $70,000, ns a tax of one cent per bushel is charged by the State on all salt manufactured. Tho whole amount of F.tlt manufactured in the United States is 10,000,000 of bushels yearly. " J JTSTUor onco that secrecy is formally imposed rtriori yrm, it is implied a hundred limes by the eoneurrejit circumstances. All that our voung friend My to ycu, a3 to his frirn U, is entrusted 't-. you only. Much of w hat man tells 'ou in "the hour of nfiliction, in sudden an'cr, or in nft)' outpouring of his heart, should be sacred. In hisernvinfjforsymjiAth', he Las spoken t" you a3 to liis own soul. Fruittiqf Ltiam$. . ' ' irllc that is trn'jr rwdito knows how to contradict with re'pect, and to' please without adulation, and is equally remote from an insipid complaisance, And low familiarity. ,. i . u i .' r . ft .-...., Tho Great Union Demonstra tion in Boston. . Sjocf!i of Et-fJov.' Lincoln nnd lAlward Cvcrrlt. . From the 15 ."ton pnjw-r. of Frldny D.;e. Sth. The m(?etitio:nt Faneuil Hall Thursday niornino; was the largest mid-day. assem bly that wc remember to have, witnessed for a period of twelve years. As early us half-past ten o'clock the hall itself was filled, and at eleven o'clock even the ves tibule and stairways wero crowded. In deed, it was imputable to enter within the outside door by reason of tho throng I'ach minute hundreds were tumingaway, disappointed, from the vain eudcuvor to gain admission. At a few niinntes past, eleven o'clock, Mr. "William AppJetim of Huston, ex-Gov ernor Lincoln of Vorccstcr, Mr. I Id ward Uverett of r.o.ton, Mr. Caleb dishing of Newburyport, and a large number of the jirominent citi.ens from all parts of tho State, entered the hall, nnd were received with immense enthusiasm by tho audi ence. An organization having been effected by the appointment of ex-Gov. Llncon as President, and of ono hundredaud twenty eight of the most prominent citizens of the State as Vice Presidents, nnd of a large number of Secretaries, the speaking commenced. siui:cii op i:x-ftov. uncolv. Pcllow-Citizens T have been bronoht from long retirement bv a deep sense of tho importance of tho occasion, and by the invitation and urgency of respected friends, representatives of vouvsoK-ps. whose summons I could not feel at liber ty to disregard. 1 am with you to par ticipatc in your counsels, and to express my sympathy and hearty concurrence in tho declared patriotic purposes of your meeting. I Apulause. 1 It was the noble saying of nn eminent citizen, a patriot of the devolution, nnd one ol the founders of titc Ucpubhe, who. through his great services, nnd tho vir tues of his lile, was el-jvated to tho Chief Magistracy of this Commonwealth, nnd t) the second office? in ths nation, that "he hoid it to lie the duty of every citizen, if ic lias Lut one day to live, to devote that lay to the good of his country." TAt) plause. 'llms instructed it was nnt for im, ft humble citizen, who, through a Jon i!f.,: bare lnfp-tdy .nrrd in th jpjn?. meiit of the richest blessings which only such n country can bestow, to vefufo ono hour, if it may be, to its service. p ellow-citieiH, it cannot be denied cr iisgui.soa that v,o have fallen mou troubled and anxious time'. Ths nr-is- .erily which we have enioved. tlie r'!orV which t!ic nation has achieved, the pen jc, security and happiness which hitherto mve been our lot, are all imperded by the divisions and dissensions, the ant- mositiesand heart-bnniiiig, which r.lready exist, and are daily engendered amongst us. Wo hav been accustomed, indeed, to hear mnrmnrings of disisaiisfacthm nhd iiscontfnt, of or portion n vb hosLf.it v to the ovprnment under hich we live, and its estahr.sliet; institutions, bat these utterances have principally been confined to small classes of men, of peculiar, ex treme, anl impracticable! views, and have rodueed but httld impression. fAp- plause. I. : j ... Kcccut ueplorabla events in n sister Stato havo greatly intensified andcxpau- lea these leohngs, nnd criveii bitterness and ahtnuing significiuco to their expics sion; anl now, we hear from large as semblies and: conventions, attended by men of respectable chaiacttr, .'impassiun- t and tiireatcntn',- resolutions,.' deaunci- uory anuo ri the Union ami the or.iU- tution, of t!e government and its admin Mtration tinl-.T tho cgmpronii.ses upon which ahme the roverr.ineut could have leeu estalli-slied l'ven c Senator of the tate, Mr. l'.nker, of Vorc0dtcr, Las found it necessary, or thought it lit, to offer an excuso for his oath of allegiance tho constitution, in tnc dciro of place under that verv constitution. r"S!ia:ne!,,l Can it have been well consi Icied how little tho . events in . 'ivirinU fr.rnislt ttficient, or cm, occasion fur such pro ceed nigi. Of the motives of John IJrown, or of the manly traits in his character, 1 iave nothing to say here. I have them with thosQ who. can find anything t? eulogizoin the conduct of a man whuso life lina been justly forfeited to -offended iw Ininuenso cucennu by atrocious criminalities. . fClieers. IfJohnHrown wasamad man, it cannot Lo denied that ho was guilty of a great crime. Those w ho la n u for liim a martyr's- fame will not thank any ono for rdferin iu his excuse pieaoi insauuy. ii,aughtcr.j . mar- tyv.H crown ' H never won by nn insane nnd. Applause. No, fcllov-citi.erjs, John Ilrovn war. not a mad man, except as all men arc mad, when they sin against reason. Applause. lie i;new well what he wns about. Ho did not reckon without his ost, 11c looked for success nn.loA con- ueror's triumph. 'Tho la.t lnft.r of his ifc furnishes an explanation of the sceiA- ing mystery ofb's ctiaordinnry rns'r nosi. In the parting interview v.ith his comrndo (Cooh) he reproneheil him v.ith deception and trcaelieryi in ' falsely re- lu-csenting to him that the slaves of Vir ginia 'were ripe lor insurrection, and would ru.sTi to" hn standard. And this wns tho encouragement to tho work tip on which he entered an assurance of import and the trp'dtition of incest. " On' 'this reliance he invntled ' with a hostile forco tho peaceful village of liar per's Ferry; seized upon tho public ar senal, from which to distrbuto deadly weapons to an ignorant, xcitcd, servile population,' stimulated as it might be, to 'v J;.-.I i ... i,',. j ...;-.., fury, bv a eenso of eppression and tho promise of emancipation; with armed men, m ine waicucs oi tne nigni, lorcea an en trauce into private dwellings, and bore from their very beds peaceful and respee table citizens as prisoners of war to Lis military fortress; Mtot down thoso who opposed him, nnd caused consternation und unspeakable distress to the hearts of the timid and defenceless, throughout a great community. And for the dealings of the law such a man, in the very State whose peace he violated, are we to find cnuse of offence in tho institutions of gov eminent by which others, the quiet and the good, aro protected: In any other State than Virginia, nye, under any gov cnimeut in tho 'civilized world, by like acts John l'rown, or-nny other man than John Hrown, would have incurred a like penalty; Applatne.l Let a body of armed men, whether low or many, strang ers here, from a instant community,. I care not wilh whatever objects, invade the terriorv of Ma -sachus; tt:; iha the magazine of arms, for distributing among the ignorant and tho tli.isolule; capture and make prisoners peaceful eitizem; shoot down thoso whom tho law should oppose to their violence, and thus carry fear and dismay to the hearta of tho people, let this be done, and I will not say that the proceedings would not bo more formal and the trial less hurried, but this I know, that tho law of Massachusetts would not fait to adjudge tho offenders to a felon's doom..'. Applause. Let it bo borne in mind that Drown was at tho timo the citizen of a freo State, Lis family and properly under the protection of a free State, while himself, w ith all his kin, wero strangers to the population and tho sou oi the slave ruato or -V irgima ' o The times eminently demand calmness and consideration, a better spirit, and mutual conciliation. vo havo yet a country both to serve and to love, cheers, a great, a glorious, a prosperous, and, d'3-ipito of our political strifes and conten tions, a titiil happy country. l here 13 not an evil which exists, under tho Union. w hich may not be better dealt with in the Union than out of it. Great applause. Division can remove no causo of differ ence, uuunioi restore no harmony to in- torouire. We are here to rebuke the spirit of dissension nnd discord hero iu this temple, of liberty to renew our vows and whatever others', here or elsewhere, may say or may do, to declare for our selves that, come weal or come woe,: we will defend the constitution, aud eland by tho Union. Great checrinj. siKi:ciioFi:i)vAitni:vi:r:cTT. Mr. Chairman and Fellow-Citizens In rising to address you on this impor tant occasion, induW trie iu a few words of personal explanation. 1 did not sup poso that anything could occur which would make me think it my duty to an- uear agaiu on this platform, on any oc casion of a political character nnd had this meeting been of a party nature, or designed to promote any party purposes, I should -not havo been, hen. .-, "When compelled by the prostration of my health, live years ago, to re.s'pn the di stinguished plaeo1 which I thou rilled in "the public service, it was with no expectation, no wi.-m, and no intention of cvcrairain min gling in the scenes of public lifj. 1 have accordingly, with tho partial restoration of my health, abstained from nil partici pation in political action of any kind; partly because I have found a more con genial, and, as I venture to think, a mnre tisofu!, occupation in' seeking to rally tho tlrections H my countrymen, North aud South, to that great uume aj-. l preciou memory which is left almost 'alon 3 of ol rccious the n-.mr.-'Sus kin nsS3c.at!'!:;s whieh one? bound the :tKil'ercnt socti :is of the country t.-ether; and a! jo brc.v.itc, be tween the extremes of opinion lYit ha ve long Ji-tractcd and now threat i to cmi? vulso the-country, 1 find t:o middle ground of practical usefulness o:i which n friend of moderate counsels can stand. I think I do ft lit lb goj 1, I try to, in my waning y-ars, in uugmenling the fnmfs of the charitable inrtite.tious, commemo rating from timo to lime tho honored dead and .the great events f pa;t days, and chiefly, in my humble efforts to rescue from desecration and tho vtcis.silud.'s of private property the home and thogravo of Washington. Applause Those, sir, seem t ) uu t.i be innocent aid appro priate occupations for tho decline of life. I am more than contented with th favcr with which tho.-.e, my humble labors, aro regarded by. a great majority of my coun trymen; and, know ing by experience how unsatisfying in tho enjoyment aro tho brightest prizes of political ambition, I gladly resign tho -pursuit cf them . to youngsr idm. Sir, the North and the South; includ ing the Ncithwot and Southwest, have becomo fiercely, bittcily arrayed against rach other. There ii inpbcelcftbi publio life for thoso who love Ihcm both The war of words of the press of the plat f irm of the Stato Legislatnres,and must I nil. 3, tho p'tilpii? tas been pushed to a piiit of exasperation which, on tho slight est untoward accident, may rush to the Lloady arbitrarnMit of the sw'brd. The great ancient. master of political' science AiUtotltf. tells us that, though revo lutions do not take placejif sma.l causes, they do from' small cansas. lie means, ur, (hat, when the minds of tho commu nity have become hopelessly embittered and exasperates by long-continued irrita tion, the rlig'itest occurrenco will bring on tlio enfastrophe. Applause. In fact, it s 'cins to mo that wo have reached a stato, of things which requires all good men and good patriots to forego for a time all mere Party projects and calculations, and to abandon all ordinary political issues; which calks, in a word, upon all who love the country, and cherish the Union, and desire the coutimiauco of those blessings which wo have till lately enjoyed under tho constitution transmit ted to us by our father?, ami Which I re gard as tho noblest work of political wis dom ever achieved, to r.irct as one man and take c ninsel for its preservation. It is this feeling that has brought mo Lcrc to day. Applause. " It will probably be said, ir, that those who entertain views like these exagger ate tho gravity of tho crisis. T ' wish I could think so. Hut I fear it is not we who exaggerate, but those who differ from us that greatly and soon,' I fear it will be, fatally underrate the ominous signs of the times. I fear, sir, that they are conernlly misled by the one-sided views exclusively presented by the parts press, and those who rely upon the party press, exclusively lor their minresions, and that thev are dangerously ignorant of the ptate of opinion and feeling m tho other great section of the country, 1 rrreatly fear that tho mas3 of the community, long ac customed to treat nil alarm for the sta bility of the Union as groundless, all pro fessed anxiety for its preservation as in- sincero, or, ii sincere, the result of ner vous timidity, have unfitted themselves to measure the extent and the urgency of tho existing danger. It is my own delib erate conviction, formed from some op portunities of personal observation, nnd from friendly correspondence with other parts of the country (though I carry on none of a political nature,) that wo are on the very verge of a convulsion which will shake the Union to its foundation; and that a few more steps forward in tho direction in which affairs have moved for a few years past will bring us to the ca tastrophe. I have heard it urged on former oc casions of pubiic alarm that it must be groundless because business goes on as usual, nnd the theatic3 are open, and stocks keep up. Sir, these appearances may nil be delusive. Tho gnat social machine moves with a momentum that cannot be suddenly stopped. Tho ordin ary operations of business went on in Fiance, in the revolution of 17f9, till tho annihilation of tho circulating medi um put a stop to everything that re quired its use. Tho theatres and all tho other places of public amusement wero j crowded to madness in the Keign of Ter- for. - 1 lie b rench stocks never stood bet tor than they did iu Paris on tho 21ft of February, IS 48, On the 2-lth of that month Louis Philippe wns flying in dis guise from his capital tho Tuileries wero sacked, and tho oldest' monarchy in Eu rope had ceased to exist. . I hold it to bo timo then, sir, as I have raid, for good men and good patriots, casting aside all mere- party considera tions, and postponing at least all ordin ary political issues, to pause; to look steadily m the face the condition of things to which wo arc approaching; aud to ask their own consciences whether- they can do nothing to avert tho crisis', and bring about o happier and better stato of things. I do not ask them to; search tho past for topics' of reproach or. recrimination . on men or parties. ;Wc havo had enough of that, und it has contributed materially to bring about our present perilous con-i tlition. In all countries w here speech and the press are free, especially thoso coun tries which by controlling natural causes fall into two great sections, each possess ing independent local legislatures and centres of opinion and influence, there will in the lapse of timo unavoidably be action and reaction of word and deed. Violence of speech or of act, on the - one side, will, unavoidably pivduo violence of speech and act on. the other. Fach new grievance is alternately cause . and iffect; aud if, before resorting to healing counsels, wc are determined, to run over tho dreary catalogue, to sec whohas been mot to blame, wo engage in a controv ersy m which there i? no arbiter, and of which there can be no solution, plause. Ap- Hut, without reviving tho angry or sorrowful memories of the past, let me, in all friendliness, ask the questionwhat lias either section to gain by a dissolu tion of tho Union, with referenco to that terrillo question which threatens to de stroy it? I ask patriotic men in both sections to run over in their minds tho causes of complaint which they have, or think they have, in the existing state of imngs, ami mon hsk mem eivcs dispas sionately tvhether anything is to be gained, anything to be hoped, by pushing the present alienation to that fatal bourne which, as from death, there is no rctnrn? Will the South gain any grcaterstiibility for her social system, any larger entrance into the vacant publio territories? Will the North have effected any one object which, by men of 'any shade of oppinion, extreme or moderate, is deemed desirable; on the contrary, will not every evil she desires to remedy bo confirmed and ag gravated? Applause If this view of the subject be correct what can be more unwise wdiat more sulci Jab than to al low these deplorable dimensions to result in a revolution which will leave two great sections of the country in a Worse con dition than it finds them, with reference to the very objects for which they all -vr themselves to He impelled to tho-dreadful consummation? ' ' ' ' HtitI shall bo told perhaps that all this is imaginary; that tho alarm at the South is factitious, or rather a groundless panic, for which there is no-substantial cause, fit subject for ridicule rather than serious anxiety. But I see no signs of panic in Virginia, except for a fow hours at Harper's Ferry, when in the confusion of the first surprise, and in profound ignoranco of the extent of the i danger, the community was for a short " timo par&lized. I am n )t sure that' a ' town of four or five hundred families iri this region, invaded at midnight by a ' ! rcsoluto La nl of twenty me.icntiliu;"1" 1 tho houses of influential ' citizens,' an ! ' hurrying then from th. ir tods to a " ' stronghold previously occupied, and there '" ' holding them as ho'.tages, -I am not ' sure, sir, that an equal panic would not f 1 bo created till tho extent of the danger'" was measured. Hesidc?, tif,if the piato ' had been , much more extensive than it was, the panics of rcat and brave com- inanities are no trifles. : Buikc said ho''" could not frame an indictment against "n" ' whole people; it seems to mo equally in bad tasto at least to try to point a sneer at a State like Virginia. Applause. ' Tho French aro reputed a rralhant ri I ' warlike people: but 'tho letters from tr llato seat of war tell r.s that', even after the great victory at Solfenuo, a handful of Austrian, straggling into a vphige,'"" put n orp3 ol the I rench army t hou- . sands strong to flight. A hnndrod and fifty men overturned tho French mon-'- ' archy, on tho occasion to which I havo already alluded, in 18 1?. When tho ' circumstances of the cane are taken into consideration, I suspect it will b agreed ' 1 that any other community in the country,' similarly fituatcd, would have been affect- cd iji the same way. A conflict of such ' an unprecedented character, in which twelvo or fourteen persons on the two ' sides are Bhot down iu the course of a -. few hours, appears to me an event at which Jerity onght to stand rebuked, and ' a solemn chill to fall upon every ritdit- thinkincr man. t-. I fear, sir, from tho tone of 9omefof ' tho publio journals, that wo have not made this case our own. 'Suppose a par- ' ty of desperate mitguided men, under a M resolved and fearless leader,' had been 1' organized in Virginia to come andestabl ' lisd themselves by stealth in Springfield. in this State, intending there, after rmq. sussing themselves nt the nn guarded hour of midnight of the national armo. ry, to tako advantage of KO'nobcnl cause of disaffection, say tho feud 1 between Protestants and Catholics (which led to a very deplorable occurrenc;! iu this vi cinity a tew. years ago.) to stir up a ' social revolution; that pikes nnd rifles to nrm twenty.five hundred men had beca- procured, by funds raised by extensive subscriptions thronghaut the South; that, ' at the dead hour of a Sunday night, th worn oi destruction hsd began by Hhoot m ing down tn unarmed man who haducN -i fused to join the iava ling fore; (that i citizcn3 of the first standing were seized and imprisoned three- or fenr- others m killed; and when, on the entire failure of tho conspiracy, its leaders had been.tricJ, 1 ably defended by counsel from, his ovrn .. part of tho country, convicted aud cxe- - cuted, that throughout Virginia, which t sent him forth on his fatal errand, and-, o the South generally, funeral bells should-M be tolled, meetings of sympathy held, as .t at tho doatli of some great benefactor,' - and the person that, had plotted .to. put' a pike or a riflo in the hands of twenty-.-1 live-. hundred ; wei, to be .used against- their , fellows, inhabitants, of. the t same- r. town, inmates of thd sauo houses, with nt an ulterior. intentijn ;oii purpose -of d wrapping the whole' community ; in .a civil war of the deadliest and. bloodlleot t type, in which a man's foes; should.; W- r thoso of Ms own household suppose, I, : say, that tho. person who planned and..; plotted this, and with his own. hand, or., f that of his associate acting by his com-,..--inand, hail taken the lives of several- M. low-bt-iugs, should be extolled, canonizou, ; placed on a level with the grtat Leioe of. "; humanity nay, assimilated to the Saf ;or of mankind; and all this not the effecLf t a solitary individual impulse,. but tbori;i: , fruit of a systematic agitation pursued iu the South, unrebuked" for ycais, what, , . sir, should wo feel, think, say tinder su-Vn a stato cf , things? Should wo weigh, ctrr ery phrase of indignant , rcmoustrunco; ,-. with critical accuracy, and divide nr.. murmurs with nice discrimination anions r . thoso whom we might believe, ho.veyer t unjustly, to be directly' or indirectly co;i-v. corned in the murderous aggression?-- "No," "No." and applause.". ., . . Mr. Chairman, those who "look ,iipoa tliOfxNting excitement at the South a ' factitious or extravagant, have", ,1 fear, i formed a very inadequate idea of the na- ture of such an attempt as that which was made at Harper's Ferry wss intended! to be,'nnd would have been baiit provc j successful. It is to a want of reflection , on this point' that wo 'must ascribo tlio.., fact that any'civilizcd rcaa in-his right' mind, anJ, still more, any man of iutclli- , gence aad'moral d'i?ccrnucnt mother rc:,, spects, can bo found to approve and pymr; pathio with it. I am sure if sr.chjpcr-, son? will bring boms to their minds, in.' any distinct conception, the real uat.uo, . of tho undertaking, they would be thorn- selves amazed that they had ever given it their sympathy. It'aprears from hi ojva. , statciuent!and thoso ol his dialed asso-. cintes, cf his biograplicr, cf his wretched wife, that the mikar py man who has just paid tho forfeit of his life had for ycara meditated a general insurrection iu th . southern .States- that ho thought theM time had now conic' to eCVct it; that the. slaves wero ready to, rise and tho noni-, . t . .1. 1 f 1 !. ' . ' siavcnoKiing wmtes io join , mcui and both' united were ready to form, a n-vy Commonwealth',- of which the 'constitu-i tion was organized and the officers ch'esf it, With this wild and thorotichly mature!. plan, he provides weapons for those n Ferry; he seizes the national arsenal, where there was a supply of arras for - hundred thousand men; and bo intended. if ua&ble to maintain himself at once iaf the open country, to retreat lo ths caotvV, l - ' ....'.- - .1', 1