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... EAST SAGINAW, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 25 18.65.. VOLUME VI. NUMBER 280. Business Directory. EAST SAQINAW, W. lu P. LITTLE A CO., Bankeri and Exchange Brokers, BUY A SELL EXCHANGES, Bank Notes, r GOLD AND SILVEIt, G. Will gioe prompt attention to Collection!, and REMIT DRAFTS AT CURRENT RATES. WM. L. WERRKR. IRVING M. SMITH WEJ3BEH & 8MITII, Attorney, Counselor and Solicitor. Office, No's 7 A 8, Orouiie HJock. , T. E. DOUQHTY, Dealer In Watches. Jewelry, Books, Stationery, Wall Paper, Ao., Ao. Irving lilock, Genesee Street. EAST SAGINAW FOUNDERY, Water street, 34 Ward, East Saginaw. All kinds of casting in brass and iron, and repair ing and fitting of machinery of all descrip tions, done promptly and reliably at the above Institution. QKOKQE W.MERRILL, Proprietor. HOUOII & FOX, Dealers in Groceries. Provisions, Family Sap plies, Confectioneries, Fruits, etc Genesee street. L. SIMONEAU, Druggist and Chemist, has a fine assortment of Drugs, Medioincs, Chemicals, Perfumery, Toilet Articles, etc. Crouse lilock. , DRS. FARRAND, ROS3 & OSBORN, Physicians and Operative Surgeons. Residence on Warren street, directly east of former res idence. Offloe over new Post Office, on Wash ington street. Office open at all hours. BCHMITZ A MORIiEYS, Dealers in Hardware, Iron, Nails, Glass.Croekery Agricultural Implements, Ac. corner Gene see and Cass streets. CUAUKCEY II. aAOD. Attorney Counselor and Solicitor. Office in Exhange Block PRIZELIjE DROTIIERS, Wholosale and Retail Drufgists and Chemists, have full assortment of Drug; Medicines, Paints, Oils, Liquors, Dye Stuffs, etc Gcno aee Street, opposite Bancroft House, MERSIION BROS. Vlll attend to the Purchase, Shipment and In spection of Lumbor on Saginaw River. Post OtBoo Address, East Saginaw. BYRON D. BUCKUOUT. Wholesal sand Retail dealer in English and Amcr . lean Hardware, Cultory, Iron, Agricultural Implements, Stoves, Copper, Tin and Sheet Iron Ware, Ac. Brick Block, North Water Street. O. K. ROBINSON, Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Will give prompt attention to collections. Taxos paid fornon residents, and all business connected with a Land Agency promptly attended to. LIVERY STABLE. A.W. Oate A Co.'s Stablos, corner Washington and TuBoola streets, are fully stocked with Horses. Carriages, and everything required In the line. Terms reasonable. TTTJaA'ltAles Dealer In Hats, Caps. Purs and Skins, Ready Made Clothing, Gloves, lo. Opposite Ban croft House. P. McEACIIRON, JBpiidkj, Shop south of Schmidts A Morleys Tlardward Store, Cass Street Sli W.RE Y N O LDS&S PE N C E R, Dealers in Hardware, Iron, Nails, Glass, Paints, Oils, etc Buena Vista Block. WILLIAM O. DIETZ, Carpenter and Builder. Water stroet, between uenosee ana Herman strews, Dealers la Dry Good, Crockery, etc Corner store, uuena vista jwock, QEORQE 1 O. SANBORN, Dealer In Groceries, Provisions, Family Sup plies, Country Produce, eto. Corner Storo, Exchange JilocK, FRED Ai KCEIILER. Blacksmith, and general operator in iron and stoel, Tuscola street, LElDLEIN & BURGER, Manufacturers of and dealers In Boots, Shoes. Leather, Findings, Ac, Ao. 2d door east of Everotte House. ' WM. II. BOUTHWICK, United Statet Atuttant Aeor. rot SAGINAW, WIDLtHD AND ISSABEI.LA COl'HTIES OIua at East Saginaw, Allardt A Co.'s Tobao- ce Store. C. II. WILKIN CO., Merchant Tailors, and doalers. in Cloths, Cloth ing, and Gentlemon's Furnishing Goods 3d store from corner, Exchange Block, C. W. WISNER. Attorney, Counsolor and Solicitor Office in Crouse Block, East Saginaw. " II. O. SILSBSE, Wholesale and retail dealer in and mannfactu rernl Furniture of all kinds. Sales Rooms Commercial Block. :BLISSrJANES & CO., Daalen In Dry Goods, Groceries, Provisions Boots A Shoes, etc.. Commercial Block. O. FJ. ROSENBURY & CO.,, Dealorsin Groceries, Provisions, Fruits, Vegola blos Produce, Family Supplies, Stone and Wooden Ware, Crockery, Glass, Paints, Oils, Cirbna Oil. Flour, Feed, etc. Commercial . Block. E. J. MER3HON. .Will attend promptly to the Purchase, Inspoct " ing and Shipment of Lumber from any point on Saginaw riverj Post oflico address EAST SAGINAW. lathrop & hall, physicians a iuu0ns. OQioo Buona VisU Block Cor. Gcacsoo A Watsr Street. If. R. PROCTOR. Healer in June atcues ana dcweiry, Miver ana Plated Ware. Agent for Burt's Grouud Peb ble and PeriscDpio GlutSi. Opposite Banoroft House, East Saginaw. GROUSE. WIOKLEIN & CO., wholesale sad Hetail Dealers in Dry GuoJs, Gro ceries. Provisions, Crockery, Hats, Caps, Boots end Shoes, Vankoo Notions, eto. Crouse Block, Vast Store, . Eaat Saginaw. VM. A. CLARK, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, No. 2, Hess Block, EAST SAGINAW. ., I .P, 0-Address, Fayinnw City. . . LUTHER EECRVWTTIT & JAS. R. COOK. Attorneys and Counsellors at Law nnd Solictors in Chancery, OGco over Wilkin ft Co.'s Storo, Water Street, BAY CITY, MICH. - A. II. MERSIION, Manufacturer of pump logs, faucets, Ao. Salt Blocks furnished to any extent desired, on fair terms. Office at New Planing Mill, Wa ter street, BARCLAY St TYX.ER, Grmrm Inlers tn Ororwrlt , '-, SvpptiM, , Butter, Fggs, Lard, Ac Opposite Bancroft House, Washington street. F. W. CARLISLE A CO., Tanners, Wholesale and Retail ilealcrsin Hides, Leather and Findings, corner Water and Tus rola Streets, East Saginaw, Michigan. Cash for II id os and Pells CAMP ft HUSE, Lawyers and Govornment Claim Agents, No 4, Iless Block, F.nt Snginaw, Mich. Office formerly occupied by A. W. Eirgert, Esq , Especial AttentUm given to collections of Bounty and Land Atoncy business. 274 ilEAL ESTATE OFFICE, WILLIAM N. LITTLE, J Echangxe Block. Enst Snglnsw, Mlchlgnn, corner Ijcaesce SaJ Wuter Streets, CRAB. VON DANIELS, M. D. Offloe, Lloyds Brick Building oppoelto Bancroft House. East Saginaw. SAGINAW VALLEY IBANK. BLISS, FAY & Co., Hankers and Brokers, Buy and sell Exchanges, Bank Notes, CJold and Silver, Cauada Currency. Give prompt attention to Collections and Gen eral Banking Business. Orrics t on Water Streot, Buena VUta Block, East Saginaw, Mich. GOODING & HAWKINS, FORWARDING, COMMISSION, AND GENERAL STEAMBOAT AGENTS. East Saginaw, - - Michigan. D.W.GOODING. W.HAWKINS. YAWKEY & CO., Commission Agents and Dealers in Lumber, Shingles, Lath, &c. Office, Nos. 12 A 13 3d Floor, Exchange Bl'k, EAST SAOINAW. MICH. Orders filled promptly and at Market Rates. DRS. FARNS WORTH t SPINUEY HOMCEPATHIO Pliysicimis mid Surgeons, OFFICE in BUENA VISTA BLOCK EAST SAG IXAir,- - MICH. ITTE would say that we are prepared to at- V tend to all ealls; both at home and abroad, and to patients suffering from any forms of .dis ease, either Acute, Chronic or Surgical. In ad dition to practice we keep constantly on hand. HOMOZPATHIC MEDICINES. Tinctures, Dilutions, Triturations, Ac, Sugar of Milk (llnhulmi, Vmlly MorHcinM Cnaea nd Chctits, worth from 1 1,61). to J'.'a.OO. Howoepathlo Books, Syringes, Suporter8, Trusses, Vials, Corks, Surgical Instruments, Ao. Pure Wines and Liciuors. ant evcrvthinz needed bv Uomcc- pathio rbysioiuns and Families. rast tfagin-T, May IS, IbUi. 251tf . JI1IJX DR. P. WHIPPLE, Dental Surgeon, Office, Hess New 1 1 Ir Brick Block, No. 10, over Friselle Bmthers Drug Storo, on Washington street. Artificial teeth inserted, from one to an entire set, on the most approved plun, and in a style combining in the highest degree usefulness, natural expression, comfort and durability. Teeth extracted without pain if desired. Par tlcnlarjattention puid to the preservation of the Natural Teeth. Rcfcrenco given if required. n253-ly-p. Insurance Agency. JEtna Insurance Co. of Hartford, Fire and Inland. Assets, $2,500,000 Security Fire, N. Y., Assets, 650,000 Home Ins. Co. of New Haven, Conn. Assets, 250,000 Conn. Mutual Life Ins. Co. As'ts 5,000,000 JOIIN J. WIIEEIiER, Agent For above Companies, Exchange Atiocn, r.nn Saginaw, Michigan. 201'jr W. M. MILLER, attorney and Counsellor at Law, and Proo tor in Admiralty. SAGINAW CITY. A. B. GAYLORD, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Solicitor in Chancery, Ac S.VJliNAW uii. EMERSON'S ADDITION. . riHIS Troperty, which Is free from all incum JL Irances, is now offered for sale upon a credit of ten years in all eases whore substantial im provements are to be erocted. Only ten per cent, of the purchase money being required in hand. Enquire at the office of Curtis Emerson, L'sq., on the premises. JOHN A. WELLES. Sept. 7, 1S64. 2C6 WM. ROBERTS' PHOTOGRAPH & AMBROTYPE Wahinrtnn St.. ennosito Post Office. Ess Saginaw, Mich. 21fi SLOAN'S Family Ointment Is Pure, Bflld, Safe, Thorough, and uni versally acknowledged to be an infuliable remody in every case where it hni been faithfully ap plied on the human' system, for promoting In sensible Perspiration, and is invaluable in all Disenses of the Flesh. It has never failed to cure Piles or Broken Breasts. HORSE OINTMENT. For Mildness, SaUty, Certainty, and Thoroughness, Sloan's Horse Ointment excels, and is rapid'y superseding all other Ointments and Liniments tor the cure of Frosh Wounds, Pollovil, Cracked Hoels, Foundered Foot, Sand Cracks, Scratohes and Mange. : The Condi! ion Powder Is composed principally of herbs and roots, and may be given at all times and under all circum stances with perfect safety. It ha been found, by long experience, to be highly useful in the cure of the various diseases to which horses and cattle are sebjoct, vis : Distemper, Hide Hound, I,os of Appetite. Inward Strains Yellow W ater, Ii llamatlon of the Uyes, t'jilgue from Hard IJxerclset alxo ItheumatUm, (commonly called the Htllf compiaini.) n u also a sare and certain rem edy for Coughs and Colds. It carries off all gross humors, and will remove all inCarnation and fe ver, puriry the blood, loon th skin, clonnse the water and, and strenjthi-n every part tf the body. FOR HOHSESAHD CATTLE. Sloas's Imstant RKLirr is truly a great rem edy. Half a 25 cent bottle of Sloan's Instant Belief,- givcu in a pint of warm water, seldom fails to cure a Horse of common Colie hi a few minutes; in extreme eases repeat the doso in fif teen minute. Pi rpurod ljr "iVnltrt It. Xlonn, Chicago, Illinois. 6old by all the Druggists in Bay City, East Snginaw, Saginaw City, and all dealers lu niedl oincs in the I nited States and Canada, n22 Jly All Sloan's modicine sold Wholesale st nro prletor's prices, by Smith A Moll. Saeinaw Citv. and liberal supply of circulars and show cards iurnisneii. 'PO have GOOD BRKAD, use L DUTTON'S HOP YEAST CAKES, For sale by Grocers generally, The trade supplied at liliernl rates by L C.FTOUIU A CO. .German library Notleo. "I'M! E Oerniania Libiary will be held open every X. rundny, from S lo 12 o rlork In the inr.mtng, J.jr I V0L15IN BLJili S'XtU 13 89033 S3. L. SIMONEAU, vecessor to G. FIXED IIOBDS, D R TJT O'OISO? CROUSE BLOCK, Ctmer of Washington end Geneset Sti. EAST SAGINAW. ATTENTION IS INVITED to isjsrsr stock DRUGS, MEDICINES, CHEMICALS, SHAKER HERBS, PERFUMERY, . TOILET ARTICLES, SOAPS, FANCY GOODS, PATENT MEDICINES, COMBS, BRUSHES. Ac, Ac, Ac. MY STOCK OF Drugs Mridicincs, And Chemicals, IS PURE AND FRESH, HAVING been seloctel with great care, and from the most reliable houses. In this particular I have no fear P criticism or compe tition. In this line I offer a choice selection of Ex tracts. Cologne, Oils, Confoctions, Ac, for vari ous uses, of most delicalo flavor, pure and relia ble quality ITaiicy Goods. ("VinmrtW a rare assortment. Lillv Whito. Parumod Chalk. Puff Balls, eto. An excellent variety of articles in this line. Prescriptions. English and German prescriptions accurately put op at all hours. L. SIMONEAU. East Saginaw. Jan. 1, 1666. CROCKERY, CROCKERY. Carpets. Glassware, Porcelain Ware, Beautiful Ornamental Vases. BOHEMIAN GLASS, PARIAN AND ISTorfcli Storo, IVathinjton St., Juitt Saginaw. A IK IN Sr. BADCOOKj Ilsro just opened the ' Largest, Beet and , Most Elegant Assortment of Crockery andGlassware ' Evor offered ia this Market.: . v' THOU S -A. 1ST JD S Of Useful and Ornamental Household articles Not to bej fopind El.fwJicrc . In the City. . AN ETJ2QANT' STOCK OF Oarpets. - - ' ' 1 . v " . ' All Goods sold at the very Lowoh t r ice a". i - ... . Call and Examine our Goods, For all articles In the line of Crockery, Car pets, Bar Fixtures, Lamps, Glassware and Gene ral Fixtures, not to be found elsewhere or to be found elsew here, call on 250 AIKIN A BABCOCK. C8 000 WAHTED. SAblSAW t,ol-TV,1RA'S. OrriCt. ) SicisAW Citt, Mich, January 5, 18f5. Sealed proposuU will be received at this office until Monday the 23d Inst , at 7 o'clock P. M. for a loan upon the Bonds of Saginaw Connty, for the sum of $8,000. Said loans will bear in terent at the rote of ten per cent per annum, pay able annuslly. Duted January 23.1. 1905, sod payable on the first Jsy of March 1673. Interest coupons attached. ' ' TII0S. L. JACKSCN, Treasurer cf Ssginaw County. oun house. There is a place callod "Our IIouso," which tvorjbody knoM-8 of. The sailor talks of it ia hi dreams at sea. The wounded soldier, turning in his un easy hospital-bed, brightens at the wrd it is like the dropping of cold water in tho desert, like the touch of cool fingers on a burning brow. "Our house," he says feebly, and the light comes buck into his dim eyes for all homely charities, all fond thoughts, all purities, all that man loves on earth or hopes for in heavon, rise with the word. "Our house" may be in any stylo of architecture, low or high. It may be the brown old farm-houso, with its tall woll-sweep, or the ono-story gam-brel-roofod cottage, or the large, square white houso, with green blinds, under the wind-swung elms of a cen tury, or it may bo the log-cabin of the wlldeniMb-j, with it one roon still there is a spell in the memory of it beyond all conjurations. Its stono and brick and mortar are like no other, its rery clapboards are dear to us, poworful to bring back the memo ries of early days, and all that is sa cred in home lovo. There is no one fact of our human existenco that has a stronger influence upon us than the houso we dwell in especially that in which our earlier and more impressiblo years aro spent. The building and arrangement of a house influence tho hoAith, the com fort, the morals, the religion. There havo Leon housos built so devoid ot all consideration for the occupants, so rambling and hap-hazard in tha dis posal of rooms, r sunless and choer less and wholly without snugness or privacy, as to make it seem imjiossible to live a joyous, generous, rational, religious family life in them. rlWro are, wo shame tn y, in our cities things called houses, built and rented by peoplo who walk erect and havo the general air and manner of civilized Christianized men, which are eo inhuman in their building that they can only be callod snares and traps for souls places where chil dren cannot help growing up impure places, where to form a homo is im possible, and to live a decent Christian life would require miraculous strength. A Celebrated JJritihh philanthropist, who had devoted much study to the dwellings of tbo poor, gavo it as his opinion that temperance societies wero j u nopcloss unuenaking m London, unless thoao dwellings underwent a 1 transformation. They were so squalid, so aarlr, so comfortless, so constantly pressing upon tho eciisc3 foulness, pain, - and inconvenience, that it was only by being drugged with gin and opium that their miserablo inhabitants ul J3utt Iai-m. day to day. le had himself tried the experiment of reforming a drunkard by taking him from one of those loath- somo dens and enabling him to rant a tenement in a block of model lodging-houses which had been built un der his supervision. Tho young man had been a designer of ligures for prints: he was of delicate frame, and a nervous, susceptible temperament. fohut in ono miserable room with his wife and little children, without the possibility of pure air, with only filthy, fetid water to drink, with tho noiso of other misorablo families re sounding through tho thin partitions, what possibility was there of doing onything except by tho help of stimu lants, which for a bnei hour lilted him abovo theso miseries? Changwd at once to a neat fiat, where, for the same rent as his former den,, he had three good rooms, with water for drinking, houso servieo and bathing freely supplied, and tho blessed sun shino and air coming in through win dows well arranged for ventilation, he became in a fow weeks a now man. In the charms of the littlo spot which ho could call home, its quiet, its order, his former talent camo back to him, and he found strength, in p.ro air and water, and thoso purer tlioughts of which they are emblems, to abandon the burning aud stupefying stimulants. GiBDtitfo the Earth. Tho pros pects of tho great telegraph round tho world are most flattering. Tho sur reys have boon completed, and tho work is to be vigorously prosecuted. The maps of tho proposed line, issued by tho State Department at Washing ton, givos the( following table of dis tances.' From Capo llaco to San Fran cisco, 6,500 miles; from San Francisco to British Columbia, 00 miles: frss: .Louisa Columbia to itussian America, COO miles; from. Itussian America to Behring's Strait, 1,600 miles; across llehring Strait 39 miles;, from 13ohr iug's JBtrait to the mouth of tho Amoor river, 2,500 miles; from the mouth of tho Amoor river to Irkoutsk, 3,000; from Irkoutsk to St. Petersburg, 4,000; from St. Totorsburgto London, 1 ,&U0 from .London to Capo Clear, Ireland, 940 miles total distance, overland, round the world, 20,47 9 miles. JCSTCharles Dickens relates the following of Douglas Jerrold: " Of his generosity I had a proof within those two or three years, which it saddens mo to think of now. Thero had boon an estrangement between us not on any personal s abject, " and not involving any angry words and a good many months had passed with out my even seeing him in tho street, when it fell out that we dined each with his own separato party, in tho stranger' rooiu of the club. Our chairs wero almost back to back, and I took mine after ho was seatod and at dinner I am sorry to remember and did not look that way. Ueforo we had sat so long, he openly wheeled his chair round, stretchod out both his hands in an engajriusr manner, and said aloud, with a bright and loving face, that I can boo as I writo to vou : 'Let us be friends again 1 A lifo's not long enough for this.' ' Be puro but not stern; have moral excellencies, butdon'tbristlo with them. Damascus Blades. "While so muoh attention is directed to the manufacture of now weapons of war, it is somewhat curious to note the fact that the method of making the best swords is a lost art, and all the skill of modern times is insuffi cient to recover it. "Vhilo we havo beon making great discoveries and improvements m the manufacture of steel, it is remarkable that neither England nor any other country can produce an article equal to tho Damas cus blades which are so celebrated in history, nor has Damascus itself boon able for several centuries past to make even a poor imitation of the work for which it was onoe so celebrated. These blades are no myth, as eomo persons have imagined. They still exist, numerous and highly prized, in the hands of tho descendants of Sara cen chieftains, and Eastern princes, aud not unIVKUntly Aro aliown in Europeau collections. We havo a specimen lying before us a short blade, rather a long knife than a sword, of that peculiar, steel which modern art cannot produce. Tho peculiarity of the Damascus weapon is not only the beautiful surface, show ing myriads of waving and zig-zag lines, running through the metal, but the elasticity and temper of the steel surpass all other kinds, and show such a union of sharp edgo with great elas ticity as no modern art can equal. The point of a sword could be bent to touch the hilt, and spring back to its straight line, and tho same sword would cut through an ordinary steel weapon without harming its keen edgo, or would pass with astounding facility through a silk shawl or handkerchief thrown into tho air, sovering it with a swift, sharp cut Scott's story of Sul adin's sword, in tho Talisman, is not nn invention of iha romancer. Very many and expensive experi ments have been made to recover the lost art of mak'ng theso blades, but without success, except in tho ono in stance of the exK)riinents of General AnosoiT, a Itussian officer of great ability, who really seemed to succeed in reproducing the old Damascus steel. But even ho was unablo to do it with euflicient certainty and regularity to leave his discoveries behind him in such a shape as to be of practical valuo to tho world. For since his death, ia 1851, the Siberian works, which ho superintended, havo failed whollv to produce the required avtklo, and tho manufacture of such blades has entirely ceased. Tho theories of different persons had been that the peculiar hues and veins in tho Damascus weapons wero produced by some intermixturo of other metals with tho steel. General camo to tho conclusion that they were but the marks of tho crystallization, or the lines of carbon among tho lines of steel crystals. Ho invented a sys tem of carbonization, which produce! steel with tho lines visible, and then washing tho blado with acid ho brought out more distinctly theso marks of the peculiar manufacture. Ilis works at lataoust becamo celebrated as tho Birmingham and Sheffield of tho Oural country, and tho steel blades, arms, razors,, and cutlery of various kinds there made, wero unquestiona bly the best products of tho modern world. The General was accustomed to exhibit to his visitors the exquisite perfection of his work by performing tho foat of cutting through a gauze vail in the air with one of hit? swords a feat which no British steel could bo made to perform ; and ho would also how nnils, Itonen, end other hard substances, with tho same sword, without turning or nicking tho edge. Tho highest authorities, speaking of Anosotl 's 6teel, sny that tho result of his discoveries was " to impress on cast steel the elastic properties of a softer material." Cupt. Abbott, a British officer highly competent to judge cn this subject, said " tho gene ral lault of European blades is that, being forged of shear steel for tho sake of elasticity, thoy aro scarcely perceptible of tho keen edgo which cast steel will assumo. Tho genius of AnosofT haa triumphed over thii ob jection, not in hardoning tho soft stool but in giving elasticity to tho hard, and it may be doubted whether any fabric in the world can competo with that of Ziataoust ia tho production of weapons combining an equal degree of edgo and elasticity." Cupt. Abbott a!o states that he saw sovcral of tho rejectod blades submittod to the break ing engine, to bo re-cast, and that they wero " bent double, and back again, several before they could bo divided." The death of AnosofT seems to have committed this art again to oblivion. His processes are well known, nnd his blades aro prized in Itussia and among tho Eastern' princes as fully equal, both in beauty and in tempur, to tho most celebrated of tho Damas cus blades. But the art does not obey tho will of tho successors of Anosotf, and for the present we have nowhere in the world a manufacturer of Da mascus blades. y. V. Journal vf Com merce. . jfy A Dentist wishos the press to correct the statement made on Horace WalpoloV authority, that . alum is a preservative of tho teeth. He says that on tho contrary it is ono of the most destructive agents with which tho teeth can come in contact. KJIaximilian, by proclamation, has cut off a largo slice of Guatemala (in Central America. including the British logwood-cutting province of J'elize, and intends incorporating it with his Mexican possessions. Tho lion won t like this sort of annexa' lion, and is likely to ebjoct. The gray-haired rejrobato who called the new iron-clad Itichard Mur phy, when everybody .knew it to be Dick-tater, has boen convicted aud sontenced to dye with somebody's hair restorer. Colon ol Orlando II. Mooro at Frank lin, Tonnossoe. The numerous admirers in K"on tucky of Col. Moore, tho hero of Tebbs1 Bond, one of the most gallant battles in this war, will read with a thrill of delight tho following con gratulatory order to his brigade after the battle at Franklin. Col. Moore was fortunate in commanding a noble brigade, but the brigade was at least as fortunate in being under tho com mand of ono of the bravest, most skillful and efficient 'officers in the service. Najior 6ays, that in all his military experience, he never saw bayonets crossed but twice. On oil other occa sions, at the trying moment, one of tho parties invariably gave way. This gives great forco to a portion of Col. Moore's congratulatory order. Louis rillt Journal: COL. MOORK's ORDER or COwrRTri.ATIo TO TUB SEC OKI) BRIG AD. O.I TUK VlCTOUT AT ritA.iaua lis APgl'AfTTKKH SucoNU BlilUAPG, SlTCOXD ) Division, 'J'wkxtv-tiiir Akist fours, V . Kashvillb, Tk.5.1 , Deo. 2, 18G1. ) Gtneral Ordort No. 7. It is with toolings of the deepest gratitude that the Brigade Comroimdor congratulates the gullaut officers aud soldiers of the entire Brijpde, upon the f rent victory achieved on tho hulllu-liuld at Franklin, Term., November 3D, 1804. Au un broken line of steel, composed of the 80ib Indi ana, U8lQ Ohio, 107th Illinois, 23d Michigan, 121)th Indiana, and 111th Ohio Regiments, was formed, with the entire Brigade frout, without a reserve, to engage tho rebel force, wbith was from three to five times their number, and which advanced to the cbarjro in three lines ot battle, extending along the whole front. The ropeated desperate aud determined charges of the enemy were every time euocen-ifully nut, and with a heroism unsurpasxed in the annals of war they advanced but to be driven back with terrible slaughter they advanced upon a liue of Steel. The herolo spirit which inspired the command was forcibly illustrated by tbo gallant 111th Kcg iment Ohio Infautry, on the lelt flank vf the brig ade, - when the enemy oarriod the works on their lell, and they stood turn and crossed bayonets with them, holding them in cho, k. This is not mentioned to discriminate between the gallant trKinvt r ti nwniMii, imt fc.r way or Illus trating the heroic bravery of the entire command, for all along the line, at different points, at differ ent times, a hand to hnnd conflict ensued, even to the capture and recapture of the colors. A late hour cloeed the coo II let uoii your front, and a Kstion's gratitude will be y nr reward. We can rut drop a tear for our bravo oompsn ions who full nobly iion the hniilc-tirld, and ex press a deep sympathy for their loved ones at home. 1 By commn&J of Col. 0. II Moore. IIesrt A. ilAi.r., Captain and A A. G. Volunteers. Tea and Coffee. ' Freneh eoffoe is rcputod tbo let in the world, and a thousand voices huve asked t What is about French eoffwe 1 In tho first place, then, the French coffee is coffee, and not chickory,or rye, or beans, or peas. In the second place, it is freahly rousted, whenev er made roasted with grout care uu-1 eveULess in a little revolving cylinder which makes part of the furnituro of every kitchen, and which keeps in the aroma of the berry. It is never overdone, so as to destroy the coffee flavor, which is, in nine cases out of tun, tho fault of the coffoo wa meet with. Then it is ground, Slid pl.iced in a ceffco ot with a filter, through which it percolates in clear drops, the coffee-pot standing on the heated of the aroma during this process. The extract thus obtained is a perfectly clear, dark fluid, brown as cafe noir, or black ooffoo. It is bl.ick only becaunf iu rtrrntli, being in fact almost tiie very essential oil of coffee. A table spoonful of this, boild in milk, would make what U oidin arily called a strung cup (feoffee. The boiled milk is prepared with no less euro. It nmat be frofh and new, not merely warmed or even brought to a boiliug point, ut slowly simmered until it attains a thick, creamy riilno-s. The coffee fixod with this, and sweetened with the sparkling beet root sugar, which ornaments a French table, ia the celebrated caifc au UU, the name of which has gone round tho world As we look to Frnnre for the ben coffee, so we must look to England for the perfection of tea. The tea kettle is as much un iCnglish institution as aristocracy or the prayer book ; and when one wants to know exarlly bow tea should be made. one hai only to ask how a fiuu old English house keeper makes it. , The fiist articlo of ber faith Is, tht the water must not merely be hot, not merely have boiled a fow moments since, but sctually loiling at the moment it touches the tea. llcnco, though serv ants in England are vastly better trained than with us, this delicate mystery is seliloiu lolt to tholr hands Tea making belongs to the drawing room, and high burn ladies proide at the "bub bling and loud hissing urn," and see that all due rites and solemnities aro' properly performed that the oups are hot,' and that the infusod tea waits the exact time before the libaliows ci m menoe. Oh, ye dear old English tea tables, re sort of the kindest henrted hospitality in the world, we aatlt cherish your memory, even tliougb you do not say pleasant things of i:s here. Ono of these days you will think Utter of us.' Of late, the intveUUction or J-.nlisU iroakrasi tea has raised a new sect among tbo tea drinkers, reversing Some of tho old canons, lireakf.wt tea must be boiled. I'nlike the delicate article of oldan time, which required only a momentary in fusion to develop its richness, this requires a long and severe treatment to bring out tie strength thus confusing all llio . estnblhhed u-iAges, an I throwing the woik into the hands of the cook iu the kitchen. The fault of the ten, ns t hi commonly found at our hotels and boarJing-honses, is th t it is mado in every way the revewe of what it should be. The water is hot, but not boiling, the tea has a general flat, stale, smoky tiwto, devoid of life or spirit, and it is served, usually, with thin milk, instead or ereani. ireain Is as eweniiai to ids richness of tea as of coffee. Wo wihh that the Kngiwll fashion might generally prevail, of giv ing the traveler bis own kettle of boiling water anJ bis awn la eW. and K'Uinjr him make tea for himself. ' At all events, he won!! be sare of) one merit in Lis tea it would be hot, a very itm plo and obvious virtue, but ono xvry seldom oh talned. .' ' ' . I Importanos of Wilmington to the" South Tho importance of Wilmington to the fe'outh enn hardly bo ovoieitlmsted , They carry on a large foreign trado through it. It appears from the ep rt o the r thel feore tary of the Treasury; thut siuce October 1, 1 6u4. there has been imported into Wilmington, from Europe, f,0J'2,(iUl) iotiiid of moot, l,3U7,0(X pounds of lead, 1,933,1(09 pounds of ealtputre, tVlri.OXl pairs of shots, 310,0011 pairs of blaukets, 6'JO.UOO udcIs of coffee, OU.OUU rifles, W pack ages of revolvers, 'i,b39 packages of medicine, 43 cannon, with a large qaantity of other articles of whkh we need make no mention. It is claimod that it is a port that can not be blockaded. ' ' ' The Biobmond (Vs.) T)ipnfch snyst It is a matter of: ablto iiiiKcMil,ii:ty for tho Federals to stop our blockado running, at the port of Wilmington. ' If the wind blows off tho comsL tha blockading -fleet is driven off. If the wind blows landward, they are compelled to haul off to a great distance to cscspo the torriMo sea, which duslies on a rocky roust, wilhout'a harbor within three days' sail The shoals on tho North Caro lina const Are front fire to twenty miles wide, and thoy are, moreover, couiixmmhI of the most treach erous and bottoiiiUssquicktands. 'The whole cost Is scarcely eqnalod in the wertd for danger and fearM appwirsnee, particularly when a strung easterly wind meets the ebb tiilo. It is an easy matter for a good pilot to ran a' vessel directly ont to sea or lnt port) but in the stormy months, from October to April, no block aling vessel can lie at anchor in surety off the Carolina coast. Therefore, Supplies Will be brought tn despite the kcebuat vigilauoe: . j 1 . , , .,,. To teach reflection and abstf acilon to a child is to tear the body, to pieces and lapr opon tho springs of lovo and faith, in Ordor to anatouiizo tho child' heart and blood. There aro envious men who can hear no persons praised without intei- posing a doubting f'but" They throw their cold wator " but at everybody. Arbitrary Arrests In tha United States. The peculiar cases mentioned by Senator Ukv ERDt JouMSON , of Maryland, of arbitrary arrehts and imprisonment in that State, wore fair illus trations of the right to personal liberty which has boen enjoyed by the people of the United States under the present Administration. Flagrant and wanton as they were in their character, there have been hundreds worse in their motives and more cruel in their executions. It would be worth while for some industrious compiler to make a list of all the oases of aibi trary seiaures by the authorities at Washington and thoir military agents in the loyal States iu the last four years. Such a look for it would make a great book, if a brief explanation was made of each case is greatly needed now, and it will be invaluable tn the future. . We believe the number of these arrests made without any authority of law, and for no offense whatever, to gratify wicked, personal and political malice, reaches many thousand. " The amount of suffering which has been en dured by these innocent victims of arbitrary power and by their fumilies snd friends, during their long and protracted confinement, can hardly be imagined, much less described. . There is nothing like it in Iniquity and horror to be found in the worst pages or modern history, since the bloody days of the French Bevoletion in 1793 and 17D4. Well might the intelligent of other lands wonder bow such arrexts could take place amoug a eopie tuai nau uoeu buiov v possess the mott superlative regard for per&onal liberty, and for its protection by stringent law. They have seen the statutes to thut effect die regarded by the authorities, (who bad sworn ti obey them.) as if they were wuste per, only fit to be trampled in the dust. They might well re mark that it was a most impressive argument against the usefulness of written Constitutions, to restrain the band of tyrannical power or keep the fury of political passion within bounds. The Bill of Bights was insisted upon as a part of the Constitution by several of the States. It was a condition indeed of. their ratifying thnt instru ment, but what has it amounted to on the first occasion when it was really needed for protec tion! Two things have boen remarkable in theso arrests the boldness and audacity of thoi-e who made or planned thorn, and the strange oonduct of a largo part of tho people respecting them. The fact that thoy have all been made from one political party, has seemed to entirely satisfy tho other great political organization. That bus appoared to say, what do we care for the wronjc, outrages, and indiguities that may be heaped up on those who differ from us in opinion ? We not only will not inquire into the numerous cases of opprossion, but without knowledge we will in dorse, sustain them and the policy which dictates them. They have been deaf to the voice of jus Um h4 kMuuMtj. Tbr hare been " flinty as rock aud ovld m Iu ajita U un tha Subject. Alas! alas' This affords another evidence of the bliodnoss of party rage, and the moral in sanity it produces. It is not Wonderful that free governments fail, and thut popular institutions become a mockery, when dislike of an opinion is carried to the extent of sustainiug against it atrocious, individual crimes. Had any of the adherents of the party in power boen treated to the same proscription and punishment which was visited upon thousands of their opponents, tho wholeorgiiuisatiou would have been in a blate of consuming indignation. Yet, in its blindness it has not the sense to see that in sustaining a prin ciple of opprestdon iu regard to others, it is stop ping its mouth to just complaints, if the chaliced cup is ever commended to its own lips. In as senting to break down the barrier cf law, substi tuting in its stead tho mere caprice of the men in authority, it bus clothed its instrument with a Kwor that may, ere long, to turned upon it. Lit tle did those who started tbo Ouillouue in tU French Revolution to punish their political oppo nents, foresee that their bouJ were to fall by the same instrument- Apparently, for the Inst four years, the liberty, if not the life, of any citizen, who entertained Ilifl'uroni polilioal view from the Administration, bus been at the mercy of any wretch, who, clothed with a little brief authority, chose to take it Whether this state of things i j o be wmtinurtdflMj. uncertain. Wo under- I plation to put a stop to these outrages, nud to de-t dare that hereafter in the loyal Slates uo arrest will be made except by the civil authorities, and by due proscss or law. . If he does so it will bo an act of simplo justico and plain duty, but one which, in these times, is not so prevalent as to deprive him of credit, or to prevent him from obtaining popularity with those he ought to court the , wise, the thoughtful, tho liberal and humaau. Cincinnati Enquirer. TIIE RECENT RAIDS. Within a very short time there have occurred several raids through or in the territory of tho confederates, whoso character enables us to draw some valuable inferences with reference to the condition of the rebellion By knowing the di rection of the expeditious, and the amount of re sistance they encountered, we ean judae with tol erable exactness of the present disKsition and strength of the confederate armies. These expe ditions are I Gen. Sherman's from Atlanta to Savannah J Col. Osbaud's, from Vicksburg to tho Memphis and New Orleaus railroad 1 Qon. Davidson's, from Baton Rouge to the Mobile and Ohio railroad j Oen. Burbridge's, from Knoxville to Bristol and Saltville, on the Lynchburg and Tennessee railroad. All these expeditions occurred almost simulta neously, and were undoubtedly each a jiortion of a plan which had for its cad a combined attack in tho various directions subsequently followed. Each of them had for its immediate or indirect object the destruction of some Important line of railroad, In addition to testing the actual condition of the Interior of the confederacy That of (Jen. Sherman is slready familiar to the public. Within a little over four weeks, he marched directly through the heart of the con federacy, and along its most important lines of railway communications. He tore up the track, destroyed de.oU and cotton, and ravaged a belt of country from twenty to sixty miles in width, and finished his march by eapturiog one of the most important cities of the south, and all this without encountering anything like formidable resistance. Col. Osband penetrated Mississippi for a hun dred miles or more at' his leisure tore up thirty miles of one of the longest rebel railroad lines, destroyed Immense quantities of cotton, forsge and provisions, and returnod to his rtartiug-point without encountering any considerable opposi tion. Gen. Davidson moved from Baton Bongo for a distance of over two hundred miles crossed por tions of two statt-Sj dis.iMod two important rail ways, snd committed a vast amount of damage, witiM.! U!.. interfered with .by any efflciWMi force of rebel.' '' ' Gen. BurbriJge, in Lis raid from Knoxville, passed around Breckinridge, and struck Saltville, one of the most valuable positions possetsed by the rebels, lie destroyod the salt works ana much other valuable property, and all tlite witn- out having been opposed by the rebel forces. These raids, extending over nearly every state of the f' Mississippi confederacy, and meeting nowhere witn great resistance, prove conclusively that all the military strength left to the robojllon is that gathored on the frontiers. Within a year, raids have been attempted, ia nearly the same direction, but all encountered substantial opposi tion, and have been defented Not long since, Sherman startod inland from Vicksburg, and at every step found formidable rebel forces that effectually blocked his farther progress, when he had progressed only so far as Meridian. Now he moves over a route of far grenter value, to the confederates, and his path is everywhere open. ; There seems to remain to the rebels only tne abilitr to hold a few imtwirtant towns, while their soil is everywhere liable to be overrun by the rederaV armies. . ll i'lu.uuu iresn men are put in the fedoral armies before spring, one half of the federal force will bold the armed rebellion iu check, while the other will reduse the territory to u howling wilderness " . That the condition of the rebellion Is at present dosperate, will not be denied. Undoubtedly the southern people appreciate this, and were liberal terms of iienco now offered them, tbey would ao rept them with avidity. But such an offer is not likely to occur, and ll is tneretore proline tuai, unless Some unexpected good fortune fall to the rebel armies, their military strength will be bro ken, and the rebel resistance will become a guer rilla warfare, which a half a century will not be able to finish.' However, eron this is uot immedi ate, and thore is likely to be much bloody fight ing before the armies of the Coufedorary are broken iuto bands of predatory and murtieriug f uerrillas. Chtcafo Time. . ; . , 'Letnomau drop au ill-gotton gui nea into his pocket, and think the pocket unconscious of tho wrong. Ilis vefy glove . shall babble of tho bribe that has burnt his hand; and his cra vat still tighten liko a rope about his throat Bpeeohof Hon. S. B. CorRadical Repub licans Adopting the Chicago Platform. We reprint from the Globe the official report of Mr. Cox's reaiarks iu the House last week, be ginning with the portion immediately succeeding the reading of the Tribune' arliule on the Blair mixsiou to Richmond t No my frioud from Pennsylvania character ises the author of thnt publication asadiMiu guished and able patriot, lie does not even now, after bearing the editorial read, withdriw tiiat expression from Mr. Greeley. Yet for bolding and propagating the same opinions held by tho delegates who met ut Chlcugo aud nor mated Gen. McClellun ) held by my colleague (Mr. Pen dleton) who was on the ticket with him. enuncia ted in tho lotter of acceptance of Oen. oLlellan when bo spoke of ' exhausting all the resource of statesmanship practiced by civUired nations, and taught by the traditions of the American peoplo cousislent with the honor and Interests of tho country, to secure peace and re-establish tho Union;" enunciated in the letter with even more eiuphiiis and distinctness thi'u iu the plutfcrui adopted at Chicago, and whose transcript in letter and spirit is to be found in the vory language of the editor of the New York Tribune; for enter taining and stating these Christian and states manlike sentiments, the freutlemun from Penn sylvania regards a republican as a distinguished patriot, but a duuiocrul us a traitorous copper bend. titty Wftm- uw ii... -.i- bold und defiant in his expression, denounce thut editor who is now couferring with his bruther re publicans about peace? Why doe ho uot La e the rules of the House read and drive him ss sn intrader from this chamber. Laujbter.J Why does he confer with Mr. Blair, the suppositoiis embassador, who, even now as I speak, u present in tho cbumber ? "Why are ye sli in coiu'ereuce here, so suspiciously near snd fraternal, if it is not to carry out the Idea promulgated at I'hiuugo, and for which ono million seven hundred nnd fiMy thousand people ip this country gave thoir putrf otio rotes? What answer can the gentleman from Pennsylvania make? None, unlet. he heaps reproaches upon hi own party and the very able, distinguished and patriotic elector, who will ' cast his vote for Mr. Lincoln, or unless he with draws the unhandsome laugungo used by him toward tho democratic party aud its nominees. Mr. Chairman, I am not insensible to the appeal in the name of God and humanity to vote for tho abolition Amendment by beseeching him, in tbo first place, before ho ueks us to disturb our politi cal system and the established order, nnd to change the old ideas and forms connected with municipal liborty, and the legislation of domestic matters by State sovereignty before he aks us to change the organic law of this Ian J for seventy years I beseech hitn that he will at least try to ascertain, formally or iuforiuully, bothy tberw f is any hope of these Insurgent Stales, yet in f-ial.la, anaa-g J .... mm. . turning to the " established und rightfully ooo-i-tituted government." I beseech this in the nnino of civilization aud Christianity God and hu manity! 1 pray for it on boh.ilf of nearly ta . million white men, who have voted these enlight ened sentiments. Let us discard punctilio nnd roach the fact. No hurin can come fioru its ascertainment If the Confederate President refuses to confer ujkjii , the basis of the uuameuded Coustitution and old Union ; if he will not help to re-establish peace upon the old order, or at least as near to it as the passion and strife of men have made it possible and practicable, will not our knowledge of that fact inspire a more healthful ' aud united senti ment among the people, evon if it do no influence our votes upon the amendment ns to slavery 7 Therefore, 1 ask tho guutlcmau from Pennsylva nia whether it would not have been best, before he makes these patriotic appeals, in the name of ' the Father of raonnd God of humanity to havo maao au mv'., ly Christiau aud rutionul methods, to staunch the bleeding wounds of the body p'jitle, to save the shedding of blood, to stop the fucroase of taxation the accumulation of ' debt, the destruction of values, nnd the ivcrlust ing iteration of penal law ou our Federal statute: to stay, if possible, tho inuiming and killing of nit-n, and tears ol widows and orphans, the deso lation by fire aud sword of our laud, and to save, oh! yes, before it Is too late forever, to save tho . for Us salvation. Will ho not'gJve'up something on his part J Give up his doctrine of ne;ro equality? Givo up his Idea of breaking dune ,. State institutions by Fedoral law? Mr. Chairman, I did intend this morning, had the opportunity offered, to present some resolu tion. I have them here, drawn up in the lan guage of the " patriotio, able, and dUlinguihd" editor of the New York Tribunt. I shall offer thorn at a eonvonicnt opportunity. I would not deprive guntlomon upon the othersidc of a chnnee to show their civilisation, their Christianity, their hatred of rapine, desulatiun, and bloodsliod,lbeir love fji tho Union snd the Constitution, by voting for at least some effort, ae Mr. Grooley recom mend, to ascertain the disposition of the insur gent States. I am not clear as to the bojl mode to ascertain this disposition. Mr. Greeley is not speciflo ns to tho be 't way of ascertaining what we desire ; juJ.?e ye, there fore, whether it is host to send coimnissloi ers or agents, or receive from tbe'm commissioner? hercj whether by a'certaiuing if they will mee' us in national convention snd abide by its judgment ti " all points iu dispute, or whether we should, touso the language of Gen. McClellan, echoed now by Mr. Greeley, exhaust all the nrts of Chris! inn and civilized statesmanship and the traditions ef our nation to brin those rocusant back to their old Constitution. Civilization, a practiced by the most refined nations, regard every effort at poaee as humane and honorable i and Christian ity would regard, even toward the benthou, and certainly toward our brethren, all such efforts as Inspired by the very genius of humanity, mooSro- -tlon, und mercy. Try it. No harm cau com from trying ; and, if it fail, we on this side of ti e chamber will bo better ready to consider your proposition to change the onguuiy law.. What Lrx.uica Can Do. At a trial now progressing in New York. ?diero ' a sister sues her brother for 'ntiniii her . in a lunatio asylum, a curious statoment was made by tho principal physician of the asylum. It appears the plaintiff is ' tho author of some very clever poetical effusions, among which is the popular one of " A Fisher Hoy," commencing: " Ho lay upon tho san Is to rest, ! , Ilis hair clung with the salt sea wet." During tho course of tho trial the physician was asked if it was not pos siblo that a poraon of ineano mind 6nouid writo ertcollont poetry, such as -the plaintiff claims to have written, or to excel in any other art. To. which ho replied, that he supposed the best answer he could make to the question was to state that Adlkk's German aud English Dictionary, which is used as a standard text book in tho principal colleges of the country, was written in tho Dlooniingdale Lunatio Asylum, by a person of insane mind. Ho said he might alio mention a number of the standard text-books which wero written in thai institution; and ho stated, ns a conclusive fait, that one of the leading newspapers in New York is principally edited in the Bloomingdale Lunatio Asylum, nnd the leading editorial is written thero four timos a woek by a person of un sound mind confiued iu that institu tion 1 . "' i M - A Dutchman was relating his mar velous oscoihj front druwuiuic .when -thirtooa of tho- companions were, lost by tho upsetting' of a boat, .And he alone was saved. "And how did you oscapo their fate?" aked one of hi hearers. "I tid no co in te pole," woa the Dutchman's placid reply. Young ladies should certainly bo subjoet to tho conscription. ' Jones says they are accustomed to " bare arms." Thoy may talk of Turkish mnrketa where Circassian girlssure bought, but we have seen b!uo eye, pink cheuks and scnrlet lips sold like a nosegay, fathers aud mothers having a priest to blo. the baraiu. .".