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EAST SAGINAW, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 14, 1805. NUMBER 300. VOLUME VI. Business Directory. fiAST S-AC3-X2T-A-"W W. I. P. LITTLE & CO.. Banker! and Exchange Brokers, BUY & BELL EXCHANGES, 33anlc Notes, BOLD A.ND SIlWEIt, &G. iFWf fMprornp'aMsnfion f ColUcttoni, an d tEMIX P RAFTS AT CURRENT RATES. VI. l. waaain. ikviko m. SMITH. WEBBER & SMITH. Attorneys, Counselors and Solicitor!. Office, No's 7 4 0, c rouse hiock. ' rn ir. nnTrrjiTTY. Dealer la Watches. Jewelry, Book, Stationery, Wall Paper, e-f . Irving liioca, ueno.ee treot. . -r-. a on, a -I TUT A ITT TPnTIWTJED. Y. kt... 7.1 wr.l East Jsairina-v. IlAOl DiU" " v " . 1 1 Inir aad fittina of macninery oi u uo. Ana riuirtlv and reliably at the above inaututloB. . -GEORGE W. USKlllLtb, i roreor Druir sist and Chemist, has a fine assortment of Drue. iMeuiciuca, -uou..v-.. .., . Toilet Artiolcs, eto. Crouso Blocit. ..TiTiiKn. nnsa OSBORN, nr'"1";.t. ... On.r&tiva Surgeons. Kesidcnco r 7 r direMlv east of former rcs- t.tn.,e. Offiee over new rosi uuice.ou a nwin "! . Air.oi.. ington street. Office open nt all hour. Trpr, Jf, M-OTJT.'EYS. Ocalenln Hardware, Iron, isaus.u iaw,vr.;acr7 ' BuuiuiiM r. .77 , Agricultural Implements, o. toruor wcuo ee and Caw streota. - OIIATJNCEY II. OA.QE, Attorney Counselor and Solicitor. ; Office in Exhange Block WhoTisITe ana ei.r-we'PT'F;HS. hAta full aa-urtment of. Drugs; MeiTTCrne, Paints. Oili. Liquors, Dye Stuffs, etc. Kahler Block. ' BYRON B. BUCKHOUT. Whr.1oal and Retail dealer in Enirlih and Amer iaan Hardware. Cultery. Iron, Agricultural Implements, Stoves, Copper, Tin and Sheet Iron are, o. uric diock, anu wmr Street.- . n v TtnniNSOM. Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Will gW tiromnt attention to collections. Taxes pai fornon residents, and all business eonnected with a Land Agency promptly attended 10. T.TVTunv htabie. A. IT. Gates A Co.'s Stables, ooruer Washington and Tuxcola streets, are fully stocked with Horses, Carriages, and everything required In the line. Terms reasonable. TT. TVTAKKS. Dealer In Hats, Caps. Furs and Skins, Ready Made Clothing, Gloves, 40. Opposite isan ernft Ilouse. SHAW, REYNOLDS CO., bealeri In Hardware, Iron, Nails, Glass, Paints, Oils, eto. Buena Vista Bloc It wtt.t.tam n nnnTZ. Builder. and Superintendent of Buildings, Frank lin street, between Uenesee ana uermao IilVINQSTON & TOMS, iealeri In Dry Goods, Crockery, eto. Corner Store, Buena Tista Block, GEORGE O. SANBORN, n1r in Grooerios. Provisions, Family Sup niitii Country l'roduoe. eto. corner store Exchange uiock, FRED A. KQ3ULER, Blacksmith, and general operator in Iron an steel, Tuscola street, . . " IiEIDLEIN & BURGER, 1 r..ir.nnr nil dealers in Boots, bhoes Leather. Findings. C. 4e. Zd door east 01 Everette House. WM. H. SOUTHWICIC, United Stat$ AttUtant Amssor. reBlAOISAW.UlDLIHD ASD I ISABELLA COONTIBI ffioe at East Saginaw, Allardt A Co.'s Tobao ' o Store. n. II. WILKIN & CO., far v. nt Tailors. and dealers in Cloths, Cloth Ins; and Qentlemena jrurnisnmg uouua u store from corner, j.uuuk II. C. SILSBEE, li,.i...i.nJ rata.ii W lor In and raannfacto r.rl Furniture of all AJCS. Caies oonja Commeroial Block. BLISS. JANES & CO., .: Dealerain pry Goods, Uroceries rvTwv Boots A Shoos, etc. Commercial BloeW. t.. n. rtohrs a co.. Dealersla Groceries, Provisions, Fruits, Vegeta bles Produce, Family Supplies, Stone and Wooden Ware, Crockery, Glass, Paints, Oils. Carbon Oil, Flour, Feed, etc. Commercial Block. kill attend promptly to the Purchase, Ins pec t- m .y TtTTnTjarrmM. ing anucuipineutui uuiui, nun u; i'"" on Saginaw river; Post office address EAST SAGINAW. LATHHOP & HALL. PHYSICIANS A SUKUliONS. Sfflce Buena Vista Block Cor. Gcncsce A Water Street. 11. R. PROCTOR, saler In Fine Watches and Jewelry, Silver and Plated Ware. Agent for Burt's Ground Peb ble and PeriscDpio Glasses. Opposite Bancroft Jleuse, East Saginaw. o-nrmsw wiOKTjEIN A CO.. Tholeeale and Ketail Dealers in Dry Goods, Gro- oerles, Provisions, urooKery, ubib, bjb, ioi nd Shoes, Yankee Notions, eto. Crouse Block, Sort Store, East Saginaw, WM. A. CLARK, attorney ana ixuusenor i iaw, to. t, now r.nuck, EAST SAOINAW. I P. 0. Address, I ?lnaw City. 1 TiTimrtimmf TiR n rrrtr Vttorneys and Counsellors at Law and Solictors f In Chaneery, Office over Wilkins A Co.'s Store, Water Mrot, aai vii,mv. . A. H." MERSnON, f snufaoturer of pump logs, faucets, Ao. Salt Blocks furnished to any exton aesirea, on fair terms. Office at New EJaning Mill, Wa ter street, F. W. CARLISLE CO., anners, Wholesale and Kotail dealers in Hides, Leather and Findings, corner Water and Tus eola Streets, Kant baginaw, Michigan. Caah for Ilides and Pelts REAL ESTATE OFFICE, WILLIAM N. LITTLE, V xohange Bloek. East Saglaaw, Michigan, earner tieaeaee and Water Js treats. DEERINO &. SON, HOSIEKS. HABEEDASHEES, And General Dry Goods Men. fCtor corner of Cass and Genesee streets, form rly oceapied by Schmits A Morley. 280-y OAQHSTA.W CriTX-. . W. M. MILLER. attorney and Counsellor at Law, and Proo- -tor In Admiralty. BAUiaAW tim. A. B. OAYLORD, Attorney and Counsellor at Law a Cssaeery, e. UA9INAW CITY. SAGINAW VALLEY BANK BLISS, FAY A Co., Vnnkcrs and Broken, Buy and tell Exchange, Bunk Notes, Gold and Silver, Cauada Currency. Give prompt attontign to Collodion aud Gea- eral Banking Business. Ornct t on Water Street, Boona Vlata Block, Eaat Saginaw, Mich. GOODING & HAWKINS, FORWARDING, COMMISSION, AND GENERAL STEAMBOAT AGENTS. East Saginaw, - - Michigan. D. W. G00DINO. W. HAWKINS. YAWKEY &. CO., Commission Agonts and Dealers in Lumber, Shingles, Lath, &c. Office, Noa. 12 A 13 3d Floor, Exchange Jil l, EAST SAGINAW, MICH. Orders filled promptly and at Market Rates. ---5. DR. P. WHIPPLE, Dental Sureeon. Omce. over Dun f I ILT can's Drue; Store, Jackson's Block, opposite National Bank, on Washington street. ArllUCiai (coin maenou, iruiM uu w u wui, ... mi the moxt anrmved tilan. and In a style combining in the highest degree nsofulnoss, natural expression, ooiniort ana aurauiiny Teolh extracted without pain if doslred. Par- tioular Jt tent ion puid to the preservation of the Natural Tcetn. ltolcrcnce given if roouirea. n258-ly-p. Insurance Agency. ffitna InBurance Co. of Hartford, Fire and Inland. Asaets, $2,500,000 Security Tire, N. Y., Assets, 650,000 noma ina. Co. of New Haven, Conn. Assets. Z&O.OUU Conn. Mutual Life Ina. Co. Aa'U 6,000,000 JOHN J. WIIEELEIt, Agent For above Com panlos, Exchange Block, East Saginaw Minhliran. WJ SPRING OF 1865. Down! Down! Down NO REGARD FOR COST! GOODS MUST BE SOLD We have Just received a new and beautiful Stock of Spring Goods, that have been purohased at the late trade sales at prises . Astonishingly Low! Everything In the Dry Goods line worthy of attention can be found among our assortment, and we are determined not to be UNDERSOLD. Look at our Stock and we will convince you that we mean whit we say. LIVINGSTON A TOMS, Corner, Oenensee A Water Streets. SUPPLIES. M08HER & r.llCICLEY. NEW BRICK BLOCK, : Kext to rod Of", Genesee Street, EAST SAGINAW. Have just opened a new and fresh stock of . Family Groceries,, CONSISTING OF FLOUR, FEED, CORN, MEAL, OATS, BUTTER. EGGS, LARD rORK, BEEF, HAMS, SHOULDERS. FRUITS, VEGETABLES, CANNED FRUITS, RELISHES, and everything in the line of FAMILY SUPPLIES. rat favors thankfully acknowledged A con tinuance and increase of patronage solicited. T. R. M0SIIER, O. P. MICKLEY. EaHSsgiaaw, March 15, 18C5. 293-ly NEW STYLES OF SILK HATS, AT , . , , WILKIN & MACK'S f Gtnut St., Eatt 8ginaviK - A FINE ASSORTMENT OP BEKTLEMEB'S FUHNISHIKG BDODS, SOFT WOOL HATS, CAPS Carpet Bags, Valices, UMBRELLAS, 5eC, 5cO Patronage Is Solicited. East 8agtnewf March 3, 163. L. SIMONEAU, Baeceeaor to G. FIIED IIOBD8, DRUGGIST And Pharmaceutist, r CROt'SK BLOCK, drnor of Washington and Getmeo Sti. BAST SAGINAW. ATTENTION IS INVITED to Jsrrz" stock DRUGS, MEDICINES. CHEMICALS, SHAKER HERBS, PERFUMERY, TOILET ARTICLES, SOArS, FANCY GOODS, PATENT MEDICINES, COMBS, BRUSHES. Ac, Ac, Ac. MY STOCK 07 Drugs & Medicines IS PURE AND FRESH, HAVING been selocted with great care, and from the most reliable houses. In this particular I have no fear of criticism or compe tition. In this line I olTor a choice sjlection of Ex tracts, Cologne, Oils, Confections, Ac, for vari ous uses, of most delicate flavor, pure and relia ble quality Fancv Goods. . Cosmetics, a rare assortment, Lilly White, Petumed Chalk, Puff Balls, ate. An excellent variety of articles in this line. Prescriptions. English and German prescriptions accurately put op at all hours. L, SIMONEAU. East Saginaw, Jan. 1, 18C5. H. Hi WOODRUFF & CO,, T170ULE ANNOUNCE to the citltens of Bast Saginaw, that tbey have opened a NEW GROCERY, Flour, and Feed Store, In the room formerly oocupied by Cram, 1m . CHANT'S NEW BLOCK, Washington Street, where they are ready to sell all kinds of FAMILY SUPPLIESj at the lowest pooslble rates. Particular atten tion Is called to our stock of Wheat and Buckwheat Flour, AND CORN MEAL, Which U Warranted the best In the Market. We have for sale APPLES by the barrel or bushel, ATATOK3, ' , BEANS. DRIED PKACnES, PRUNES, RAISINS, NUTS OF ALL KINDS, FRESH BUTTER, LARD, EGG!, rice; CAP HONEY SYRUP AND MOLASSES. VINEGAR, CIDER, KEROSENE, WU1TEFISH, MACKEREL A CODFISH, SPICES OF EVERY KIND, BROOMS, MOP STICKS, PAILS, BOWLS, BED CORDS. CLOTHES LINES. .BRUSHES, AC, All ct which we will sell as low as any house in , ice city. We have alf kinds of SUGARS, TEAS AND COFFEES, f e wsi qualities, at reaueea rrOods will u'dV'iv-'r If desired.' UJT Try u, ana ".'or yountite: n284 GREAT INDUCEMENTS, OFFERED TO ALL. LEIDLEIN 6c BURGER Would through this medium acknowledge their thanks to the Public for the very liberal patron age received during the past season, and would take this opportunity to announoe to the citiseni of East Saginaw and the Saginaw Valley gene rally, that they have on hand, and are constantly receiving one of the best assortments of DOOTG & SHOES, ever brought into this Cityjconsisting of every description and variety, for MEN WOMEN eV YOUTH'S WEAR. Our facilities are of such a nature as to defy eompetien from any quarter, and all we desire to prove our assertion u a trial, as our gooos are warranted In all eaaes to rive perfect satisfaction. Our entire old stosk will be ' CLOSED OUT AT COST. In order to make room forour large Sbrlng Stock now arriving. In conclusion we wish it kept in mind that we keep a large number of EXPERIENCED WORKMEN, Constantly at work on Custom Goods, and are therefore prepared to give saturation la that Breach to all that may favor ns with a call. Place of Business on Genesee Street, in Mann Block, oppmnte Everett Iionee. East Slnawj Mareh loth, 196. 393-17 TUB RUNAWAY MATCH. Charlemagne's successors possessed neither hit wisdom nor power. Out of his vast empire wore formed the kingdoms of France, Italj and Ger many, ana tne states oi iavarre, Lorraine and liurgunuy, besmos great fiefs which soon bocame States them- selves, and wore in their turn divided and subdivided into ever lessening dependencies. Thus arose the feudal system, a colossal, omnipresent des potism, but which was, nevertheless, not wholly bad. Its establishment was promoted by the universal terror of the North men. Hungry barbari ans were they, driven from the pater nal homo to gain a livelihood by plunder, "Wasting in mad orgies the produce of their voyages, those voy ages woro ceaselessly renewod. Wherever their dragons and 6erpents -so they called their vessels appear ed, v? herevcr was heard the menacing sound of their ivory horns, the mother snatched up her child, the hubband gathered his flocks, and leaving their homes to the spoiler, they flod to tue nearest town or abbey! Vain hope! the towns wero too often sacked, sanctuaries wero robbed even to the trifta of the altar. So the harvests wero neglected, and the poor mingled earth with their Hour. The forests widened and doepenod. Wild beasts multinliod. and the wolf howled on the descrtod hearthstones. The nobles at length attemptod What kings were TrowerleBs to achieve. Their strag gling villas, often of wood surrounded only by banks and ditches, woro suc ceeded by strong castles perched upon steep rocks, defended by rapid rivers, or provided with artificial defensos as luo ueuciencies oi mo bjw ruiuirt-u. Nowhere were tho ravages of the Northern brigands more formidable than in tho Netherlands. Its broad and navicrable streams invited their . , " ' wealth nti oither hand filled them to oversowing. In this hopeless condition of aflairs, Charles the liald was but too happy to appoiut immwin urasde-ler, or Baldwin with the Iron Arm, forester of Flandera. His courage, celerity and forosight were widely celebrated, and his name inspired confidence in his friends and terror in his enemies. Unlike many rulers of distant prov inces, he presented himself punctually at court at the appointed seasons, and ofierod with graceful promptitude a report at least of all such proceedings as could by any possibility reach the ear of his passionate and grasping lord. Amidst perpetual strife, tin quick obedience wan irresistibly sooth ing, and the monarch regarded with pleasuro the warrior who, unyielding to others, submitted so readily to him self. Beyond this he was conveniently blind. JUivided between exaggerated notions of his own auguHt majesty and the perplexities and disappoint ments entailed by his lrequont and ill-conducted wars, ho never dreamed of the secret cause of that submission which, if wanting, he would have found so difficult to enforce. Vigor ous, pereevering and ambitious, Bald win was also endowed largely with that firmness and self control which conveys aa impression of rigidity and coldness. lie may liavo lcen stern. Lifo at that period was little better than a constant warfare, by which all the harsh tendencies of men were brought out and exaggerated, but ho had one warm spot in his heart, and it was filled by the emperor's daughter Judith. The princess was, it is true, only a child, but her exquisite loveli ness, her arch and winning ways, her instinctivo delicacy, the rare promise of a noble womanhood, visible even then, attracted sdl who knew her. Youug as she was, the shrank from hor despotic father, and a nervous dread, a sad foreboding, settled upon her heart. . This never wholly left her except in Baldwin's presence. She knew that ho loved hor before he had spoken of love. She saw it in his eyes, she heard it in his voice, she felt it in the vory atmosphere which en veloped them. She sunned herself in his smiles. She rested in the con templation of his vast and practical strength. He satisfied her idoal. His great personal beauty harmonizing perfectly with his stately symmetry of form, his manner, not without haugh tiness toward others but gentle aud tender toward her, his martial fame fairly won and as fairly sustained, completed to hor thought the model of a hero. Her heart Teapod gladly at his avowal of auction, and her betrothal kiss was to her as sacred as a baptism. They carefully concealed their attachment, however, for Bald win knew how impossible it would be to obtain the emperor's consent to their union unless ho should first so strengthen himself in his province as to make it unwise for him to refuse. Ho returned to his duties, not without anxiety, but still with the hope that the extreme youth of Jus betrothed would secure her for a time, at least, from iter father's interferences. ne waa' mistaken. Because tho emperor was neithpr wiso nor strong, Judith must help sustain the splendor of his throne by a wedding ring. Nearly a year before, .Lthelwuir, Jung of England, with his son" Alfred, afterward Alfrod the Ureat, nau visited the French court on his way te Rome, and had been charmed with the young princess. Absence had but incroased his passion, and now he return od to the capital and proposed for her hand. Charles accepted at once, peremptorily informod his daughter of the engage ment he had made for her, and plung ed deeply into the necessary plans for the wedding festivities. Separated from her lover, in mortal fear of her father, conscious that not one perso'n in the court would sustain hor in an effort to carry out her own wishes, Judith yielded. She was married in the palace of Verberie, by Hinomar, Bishop of Rheims, who placed a dia dem upon her head and hailed her Qucon of England. As if to punish Charles for tho sac rifice of a child, as yet scarcely iwolve years old, Etholwulf received intelli- genco luai an ciuvbi son jiueiutuu had risen in arms against him, and when the wedded pair returned to their dominions, the King was forbid den to enter because he had given his wife the title of Quoen without the consent of the country, had eaten at the samo tablo with her, and had placed her boside him in a chair of state, thus violating the laws of the West Saxons. Ethelwulf shuddered at the prospect of civil war. and sur renderee! to ins son me larger portion of his kingdom, lie was more firm with regard to Judith's coronation, and it was performed with great aol- . if. , .i i emmty. Aiierwaru winy ww Kent, whera they lived iu much pri vacy. Ethelwulf survived his marriage only two year. J Buldwin sull remained a tacncior, and notwithstanding the gentle court esy and loving care which had marked her husband's manner, it was not strange that Judith's heart turned to him when death released her from hor enforced vows. But she was doomed to a now disappointment- Ethelbald, the san-ia-law who had so violently opposed her, had passed from enmity to admiration. Already despised by the people for his profligacy and hated by them for his tyranny, ho filled the measure of his sin by compelling his stepmother to marry him. . Thewholo country was aroused, nd the clergy denounced the bridegroom in most unmeasured terms. Tke royal tyrant trembled. His religioui scruples were awakenod, his passing iincy had been crratified. He put aside the bride ho had 60 eagerly sought, ind passed the remainder of his days it what appears to have been sincere penitence. Viie nnrst more, Judith sold tho possessions the had received as her dower, and aet out for Franco. On her way she was splendidly received and entertained by Baklwin, who ex hausted for her pleasure all the re sources of his little eourt. Still he had not troops enough to venture upon any decisive Btep, and Judith forgetful of her father's cruelty and ambition hoped that hor new dignity would protect her from his violence. No sooner, however, was she fully in his power, than he shut her up in the convent of Senlie. till he might sell her to the King of Navarre. lor this sovereign she felt the strongest aversion, and at the same time her atlection far Baldwin had been im measurably increased by their recent meeting. He commended himself to her womanhood, as he had always done to her childhood. 11 is raro en- doWB" etiafwl lta jtirl(TOfn t. liia love satishod her heart. Ihey were drawn more closely together than they had ever been before, and believed themselves necessary to and sufiiciont for each other. She resolved that she would marry no one but him, and the was sustained in ' this determination by her brother, Louis, (the Stammerer,) who fully appreciated the injustice with which she had been treated, and was willing to brave even his father's wrath to aid her. No long time elapsed before circumstances lavored the lovers. Louis was left Regent of the kingdom during tho absence of Charles, and Judith, with his conni vanre, escaped from tho convent and joined her lover beyond the walls.- iu, ircrriuuuy ui uiui i uio nan iunav ly performed, and Judith lied to Flan ders, while Baldwin defeated the troop sent against him by Charles. , . The latter breathed only fire and slaughter, but as a preliminary step he ordered Anselin, Archbishop of Rheims, to excommunicate his new son-in-law for carrying otf a widow. For a moment Judith's courage failed. Had fho darod so much and suffered so much only to be disappointed at last? The memory of the past settled darkly upon her. Her child-dream, delicious indeed, although eager and unrestful, had none of tho vividness aud power imparted by a mature wo manhood, yet how painful had been itucloee! How bitter were the tears shod over its memorials when they wore caiefully locked from sight. What an agony of passion had swept ovor her as tho wedding ring was forced upon her reluctant hand I Ah, that ring, how it had fretted and galled her! how it had rasped and stung her! how it had ruled. her movements, .tyrannizod over her im- Jmlses, fettered her very thoughts! low its baleful gleam had Hashed over her whole world and struck out for her all its light and beauty ! And, alas! now that a welcome band re placed the hated circle, a band which hot from its golden round a thousand hues of promise, it might at any mo ment be broken with contempt, and be tossed into the flames liko a dis carded joy! All Flunders trombled for its lord ; but Baldwin, outwardly at least, remained unmoved. In the dawn of the affection which was to control his life he ' had hesitated. Numbering and measuring the obsta cles before him, ho had to some extent cheeked his fancy and curbed his in clinations,' but of late he had given himself wholly to his delirious passion. Forgetting the past, ignoring the future, ho had loved only in the pass ing hour. What he had won, too, he was ready to defend. He had often raised his sword for the Emperor ; if driven to extremity, he would try its edgo against him. Tho case must, howover, be submitted to the Tope, Nicholas I, who might, f he should choose, avert the dire calamity of a prolonged and devastating war. Del egating his authority to the most trust worthy of his friends, Baldwin re- Iairod to Rome with his young bride. Ie laid the history of the case fairly and fully Wore the Tontiff, declared hit resolution to yield neither to per suasion nor force, and, without stop ping to threaten, reminded his Holi ness that the r lomirgs, chafing under tho control of France, would rise to a man if a leader should offer, and that nothing out an alliance with tho Northmen was ' required to hurl Charles from his throne, and lay Fans in ashes. ' Nicholas at once sided with Baldwin, and when to his clear and vivid statements were addod the tears and prayers of Judith, ho became so much interested in the handsome couple that he not only interdicted the decree of excommunication, but sent two ambassadors to intorcode with Charles in their favor. The angry emperor received them coldly, and a second time convenod an assembly of Gallic bishops to discuss the unwel come marriage. Tho members had boforo secretly favored Baldwin ; now supported by tho Rope, some of them spoke boldly. Charles bimself quailed bofore n vision of tho disaffeotod Flominga and the Northmen roady to eweep down by land ana soa. lie admitted the runaways to an inter view, and gave crccrs lor a secoua and coremomous" marriage. After this Baldwin rocoivod as an apanage, to hold of tho King of Franco and to transmit to his descendants, the coun try lying between the ocean and the rivers Scheldt and Somme, with tho titlo of Mark Grave, or Warden of tho Marches, a title which his de scendants afterward changed to that of Count of Flanders. Baldwin's career was one of cease less activity. From first to last he planned against, fought against, toiled against tho happy brood of the North. Ho enlargod and fortified Bruges, his capital ; built his castellated palace at Ghent; founded abbeys, around which cities afterward aroso, great centres of industry, wealth and power : erected fortresses and enlarged churches. Feeling the approach of death, he entered his favorite abbey, and, clad in the monastic habit, watched over by tho assiduous and admining to mato, ho Tae3ed quietly away. A. 1 bi'J. Of Judith we know little more except that she was a home-loving and devoted ' mother, and that her children repaid her care. Her son. Baldwin II, married a granddaughter of Ethelwulf, her first husband, and from tho son of tins union was de rived, in the female line, the Norman kingi of England. 1 ' The Fcetry of the Steam Engine. Thoro is nothing awfully grand in tho cont n plition of a vast steam engine. Sit n i amid its ponderous beams and bur, wheels and cylenders, and watch their unceasing play; how regular and how powerful! The ma chinery of a lady s Geneva watch is cot more nicely adjusted the rosh of list avalanche is not more awful in its strength. Old Gothic cathedrals are solemn places, preaching solemn things; but to a deep tluuker, an engine room may preach a more sol emn lesson still. It will toll him of mind mind wielding matter at its will mind triumphing over physical difficulties man asserting his great supremacy " intellect buttling with the elements." And how exquisitely complete is every detail! how subor dinate every part toward the one great end! how every, little bar and screw fit and work together! Vast as is the machine, let a bolt be but tho tenth part of an inch too long or too short, and tho whole fabric is disorganized. It is one complete piece of harmony an iron essay upon unity of design and execution. There is deep poetry in the steam engine more of the poetry of motion than in the bound of an antelope more of tho poetry of power than in the dash of a catcract. And ought it not to be a lesson to thoso who laugh at novelties, and put no faith in inventions, to consider that tho complex fabric, this triumph of art and science, was once the laugh ing stock of jeering thousands, and once only tho waking phantasy of a boy's mind as he Bat, and, in soemicg idleness, watched a little cloud of vapor rise from tho spout of a tea kettle? , ".' . Good Will. Among the many contrasts between aristocratic and democratio communi ties, one of tho most imp ortant in its effect upon human happiness is tho great difference in the degree of sym pathy between individuals who chance to bo in different positions or pursuits. One of the most impressive pictures in the Dussuldorf gallery was that representing the grinding tyranny in which the jor weavers of Silesia are held by their employers. Tho famous poet, James .Hogg- the "Ettrick Shepherd " was invited by some of the nobility of England to visit them at their house., and he said that while, in directly addrohsiugliini, they were perfectly polite, ho could see, in their talking with each other, that they re garded all thoso belonging to the non noble classes as an entirely distinct people as distinct as the planters in our Southern States rcgardod their negro slaves. No one can como in contact with any portion of English society without porceiving that it is pervaded with tint sentiment of class. The universal fooling is, that persons should be taught to know their placo, and that they should not attompt to rise above their position. The desire is quito as strong to keep others down as to got up themselves, This is seen oven in their charities, which take the form of alms-giving, and degrado the recipients. On the other hand, in democratio communities, Iho general spirit is to give every ' man a free chance to rise just as high ns he can ; and even in many cases to give him a friendly lift upward. How uniformly have the great sums, so lavishly givon away in this country, been directed to elevate in the scale of humanity the least favored portions of the community I Seo tho wealth of tho country every where voluntarily burdened with a heavy tax to provide freo schools for tho children of all. Seo tho Cooper Institute, in this city, with its mag nificent reading-room and its admira ble locturei, freo to all comers. . See tho Astor Library, tho Lawrence Sci entific School, and hundreds of similar establishments scattered over tho country, all designed to aid. the poor and friendless in elevuting their nature and position. Along with this kindly feeling there is one also of mutual respect. . Gen erally the nativo born American who employs men in his manufactory or his businoss, looks upon them as fel low citizens, and not as hostile and degraded enemies. He has an in stinctive conscOianess that the prac tice of petty tyranny is degrading to the one who practices it, as well as to the one upon whom it is intlicted ; and that there is infinite dignity in the observance of manly courtesy towards all with whom ho hai to deal. There is also a quiet self-rofpcct among workmen, in striking contrast with the extreme severity gonorally observ ed abroad. We havo sometimes thought that the rapid growth of .wealth, the in creasing congregation of poople in large cities, and tho influenco of for eign immigration, both of employer, and employed, were tending to build up a hostile clatts-fceling in this coun try; but it is probable that thoeo influ ences aro more than counteracted by those of an opposite tendency that the stoady growth of democratic prin ciples, the equality of all men before the law, popular euffrage and free schools, aro proading moro and more widely among the millions of our peo ple the fpirit of universal good will. Scientific American. Tho Iouao that was a Hat. A lady sat alone in her chamber. Thoro was a nibbling sound behind the fire-board, which was not a board, but onlv a frame covered with tsloth. The lady had some funny notions ; mice seemed to her liko little plump children ; she liked thorn. 44 There," said she, 44 is a mouse ;" and she dropped some crumbs behind tho fire-board. This ho did every day whon she heurd a movement in tho fire-placo. 44 Mice," said she, "are innocent; I never feat them. But rats! Ah! they are dreadful." The lady hoped, by and by, to coax the mouso out into her room. Sho lived alone and was fond of peta. Once or twice thero came aruinst the frame of the fire-screen a gnawiti so etroDg and loud that tho laily was startled. 44 What if a rat were there where I think is but a harmless mouso?" was the quick thought that mndo her flesh creep with terror. But she would not allow hereelf to believe such a thing possible ; neither would sho remove the fire-frame, to examine the darkness behind it. 44rehaw? And she continued to pamper it with uaiuueq. ' At last, ono evonirr, as tho sat bv her table writing, she heard a Grange hoiso, ana, Turning towards it, saw, with great affright, a monstrous rat, sitting on her hearth-stone, and gnzing wiia uoiu ami wickcu eyes upon her. The poor nervous lady was made quite sick by tho dicgust and terror which this revelation caused her. vuimren, mere is a moral to my story. Can you think what? I am thinking cf it; ah! my blood runs cold as I consider that of which this story is a figure. How many of you are cherishing sins'which you consider only as innocent mice, but which are really as strong and daucrerous rats, waiting their time to spring out upon you and have you in their powor? How many 6uch mice am 1 cherish ing? Let us all . examino carefully and in good time the true character of our pets. SpriuId Itepullican. An Exhumod City. A most singular discovery has been made on tho French coast, near tho mouth of the Garonne. A town has boen discovered buried in the sand, and a church has already been ex tracted from it.' Its original plans shows it to have been built near tho close of tho Roman Empire, but changes made in it have given it the appearance of an edifico of mixed style in which Gothic architecture has usurped tho place of the Roman. Tho original paintings, its nduiirubly sculptured choir and Roman capitals, are adorned with profuse ornaments, which are attracting a numbor of visitors. Tho torn pie is all that re mains of thoso ancient cities described by l'liny and Strabo. Tho Gulf of Gascony abounds in ruins of these ancient cities. It has beon 1,500 years since Novigamus, the old capi tal of Modoc, which - wns a vory cclo bratod city when the Romans were masters of Gaul," was buried under tho ocean. Of all that tract of terri tory Roche du Cordonon alone is visibloj the remains of Roman roads, the site of Jupiter's temple, ' the ves tiges of the Spanish Moors, and the roads to " Elanor du Guyenno have boen rcscuod from tho pauds in tho neighborhood of the long buried city of Soulac. Nowhere has the erosion of the ocean been greater than on the coast of Gascony. 14 You havo been sorely tried," said a sympathizing member to Joo Crow den, weeping over the coffin of his third wife. 44 Yes," responded the bereaved one, 44 1 have always had the dreadfullest luck with women." ..The word home lovely to all is perhaps never felt in the fulness of its peaceful, beauty except by the hemeless. EccximtrcTTT of drcps or manner will double attention ; the mistake of vain women is to believe that is doub les attraction. Tho Atlantic Cable. The London Teton nh, of May 23, has the following interesting account of the preparations on board the Great Eastern for laying the ocoan telegraph cable : THE DIFFERENCE BSTWKES 1858 AJTD 18C5. A visit was paid to the Great East ern a few days sinco by a large party of the directors' friends, and it may bo said that all who understood the preparations which they saw, came away with a greatly strengthened con fidence in the future of tho new cable. Since lboH, when the first Atlantic line was laid, the advance that ham been made by the scientific world towards comprehending electrical phe- ' nomena is very great. It has been said, by a man well qualified to speak on the subject, that electric science has passed, tince that time, from ita childhood to its maturity. So far as the phenomena connected with' long electric circuits wore concerned, we had in 1858 no knowlodge whatever. The instrument in common use were unsuited to receiving signalj through a great lougth of cabu ; tho necessity of providing for the conductor an insulation so perfect as to approach an absolute condition was inadequate ly appreciated. 1 he Leot preliminary test for a long cablo had not beeu devised, and tho old Atlantic telegraph was laid with out having been subjected to any Bearchinjr test on shore. Everybody had advise to give concerning the management of the wire, but no one recommended the precautions which subsequent experience has showd to be necessary. hen the signals be gan to fuil the battery powor was aug- . mented, and electro-magnetic induc tion coild, which rapidly helped on tho destruction of the conductor, were . put in circuit. No ono thought of "nursing" tho cable of humoring1 its feeble attempts at articulate utter ance, and cf finding out what it said rather by lLteuiug acutely than by constantly calling on it, in the lan guage of the Victoria gallery, to "puak up." The old cable, however, , is dead and gone ; part of it has been , . picked up and applied to ignoble uses, as a race horse pust his work may be put into the shafts of a Hansom ; part ' of it has been abandoned, and lies . where it may rest till the end of time, in the 44 dark, unfathomcd caves " of " the deep sea. Let us turn to the ' practical present. . . SCKXtS OX BOA an T3E GMAT EUTF.EJf. The Great Eastern looks just now moro like an' engineer's work-shop "" than a eea-going ship. -The vast ex- -panses of her deck are covered with", wooden sheds and piles of timber. There are smiths' forges below, and between the decks you might fancy yourself in a machinist's factory. ; Tho great engines of the ship, it is true, have lost tho bright look of ma chinery which is in constant use ; and the huge dull masses of iron seem ' asleep, or iu a trance. If you descend the ladders which lead to the boilers and furnaces tin expedition which is more like going down a mino than any other to which it can be compared you find yourswlf in the midst of i darkness solitude and cold; but in those regions of the vessol whero the ' cablo it being shipped and watched, ;i there U overy rign of keen, vigilant intelligence. When you understand ; what is being done, you see something more than this that scientific fore-" sight of the highest order directs every f step; and that the thick tarry rope,, coarse and rough to appearance, which lies coiled away undor water in the ' tanks of tho thip,-is manufactured, ' scanned aud tested with as much care , as tho nicest optical instrument in an, astronomer's observatory, or tho most : delicate apparatus of fragile glass ever applied to tho careful experiments. of chemistry. THE SUEZ CANAL.' The groat canal for connecting the Rod Sea with tho Mediterranean is so far advanced as to bo navigable for small barges through its whole length, with tho exception of one point where -a large lock is iu process of construc tion; a transhipment is required afr this placo. Thtf advanco of tho work to this stngo was celebrated on the 7th' of April by what was called "an open iug of the canal," this being the sec-; ond "opening," which has been pub licly celebrated. The canal when completed will be about. lfO miles long, and 3u0 feet wide at tho water liue, with its bottom. 20 fcot below the level of tho Medi terranean. The projector of the en terprise is M. F. do Lesseps, a French man, who obtained a grant in 1&54 from the Egyptian Government of the right of wuy for 00 years, on condi tion of paying 15 per cent of the net profits to that1 government. He then tunned a joint stock company, with a -capital of $10,000,000, on condition that 75 per cent of tho profit should' bo divided among the stock holders, 15 per cent should be paid to tho Egyptian Government, and 10 por cent should go to the originators of the onterprizo. On these terms the stock was taken up, 118,000,000 by tho Egyptiun Government, and the ro-' mainder by capitalists in l'aris and London. It is stated that contracts have been mado for the completion of tho several parts of the work by the 1st of July, It OS. Tho distanco from New -York to Bombay, in India, is now by tho Capo of Good Hope, 18, GOO milvs ; by tho way of the Sues canal it will be 11,'JS'l miles, the new route thus shortening tho voyoga moro than 7,000 miles. '0e5tu:mk.v," said an engineer, by way of settling a dispute as to the rel ative ftpeed of the engines, "the latt time I rode the 4Blowliard' from Syr acuse, we went so fast that the to!e graph poles along the track looked like a fi no-tooth comb."