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How Red Army
I Pools Its Ideas tbnbaMj in U. S. Gives Out | Cable Describing a War Conference at Front* WASHINGTON.—Writers with • knowledge of the English language have been assigned by the Russian army to cable to America first-hand stories of events at the front in the Russo-German war, it was disclosed when the press division of the Soviet embassy made public one such ac count. It was entitled “Confer ence at the Front.’* It follows: Never before have there been con ferences like these. Picture your self in a birch grove or clump of pine trees weighted down with snow, with the sky lit up by the shining disc of the moon, and in that audi torium of nature’s making many men, some leaning against tree trunks, others sitting on tree stumps, ammunition crates or ammunition carriages. They are armored against the bitter frost by sheepskin jackets, fur caps with earlaps and felt boots. The speakers often have to talk at the top of their voices to make themselves heard through the roar of artillery. This is a Red army conference, one of many now going on in regi ments immediately behind the front lines. The speakers are unit com manders, the rank and file and the regimental commanders themselves. They are weighing recent experi ences gamed on the battlefield and summing up what has been learned. Tell Their Stories. Months of fierce battles have taught the Russian soldier much. He has gone through the grim univer sity of war and is now taking an extension course, so to speak. At these meetings representatives of all arms—infantry men, artillery men, fliers, tank fighters, cavalry men, signalers, sappers—tell their stories. Many delegates have colorful tales to tell. Take Junior Sergeant Gal yuskin, a sniper, for instance: “During my first three days in this sector,” he relates, “I bagged three Hitlerites. Then came a bliz zard that nearly carried me under snowdrifts. But I stuck it out patiently, knowing that after the storm the Germans would begin clearing their trenches and leveling off their parapets. I got four more Germans after that.” Often the rank and file display a deep understanding of the tactical tasks of their company or battalion. One Vyazmin, who serves a trench mortar crew, says: “The our trench mortar units is but in order to inflict heavier losses on the enemy observation unit it must be improved.” Take ’Em Alive. Sergeant Smirnov, an experienced scout, tells of a unique method he employed to capture an enemy sol dier alive. Tying a bunch of fir branches to the end of a long cord, the sergeant took cover at the road side, holding the other end of the rope. Asa German motorcyclist approached, the sergeant began pull ing the bunch of branches across the highway. This threw the Fas cist into confusion and he jammed on his brakes. The sergeant soon was taking his captive cyclist and vehicle to his commander. Tank destroyers have acquired a splendid store of experience. “At dawn we heard the roar of tank motors,” says one of them. “Several Fascist tanks were ap proaching our trenches. Our gunfire Bent some of the enemy tanks scurry ing away, but two of them came right at my trench, one behind the other. “The frozen earth was hard enough to prevent the trench from caving in. I decided to get at them from the rear. In an instant the treads of one were clattering right overhead. When the tank had gone a couple of meters beyond me, I got up and threw a bottle of combustible fuel. Bright flames enveloped the tank, and when it stopped something exploded inside the machine. The second Fascist tank swerved to one side and turned tail.” Australian Fuel Scarcity Spurs Harvest of Wood MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA.—A leading fuel merchant said that Mel bourne and its suburbs faced the winter with only 2,000 of the 378,000 tons of fuel necessary for household needs. A mass meeting of fuel mer chants in the state of Victoria was held to discuss the situation. The merchants are determined to do everything possible to get wood from the forest to the stations be fore winter rains make mountain roads impassable. The shortage has forced some con cerns established more than 50 to go out of business. The scarcity has been caused by the di version of transport to military pur poses. Plenty of Chore* to Do For Rancher-Candidate SANTA ROSA, N. M.—lt’s not that Tan McGrath, Republican candidate IpX corporation commissioner in I*4o, isn’t sociable. He’s just got chores to do. In town for his first visit in months, he explained that shortage of sheep herders forced him to tend his own flocks. In his spare time he I s. been, irrigating 100 acres of farmland himself. ’ His visit was brief. Cow No Tattletale; Chew* Weather Data BLYTHEDALE, 140. Uncle Sam wants to keep his weather a secret—and who is Earl Dale's cow to be an old tattletale? A weather test balloon with its scientific data and recordings landed in Dale’s pasture. But by the time he got there only the balloon remained—and an Aber deen Angus was chewing cud. Find $10,000,000 On Ocean’s Floor —————— Divers Count 150 Mine* in Hunt for Treasure. AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND.— A daring, year-long hunt for sunken treasure has been completed with recovery of $10,000,000 worth of gold bullion from the hulk of the sunken British liner Niagara in mine and shark infested waters off Auckland. With the bars of the precious metal stored away safely in a bank vault, the full story of the recovery be came known. The treasure hunt was organized shortly after the Niagara, bound from New Zealand to Canada, struck a mine and went down 60 miles off Auckland June 19, 1940. But it was not until February 2, 1941, that the wreck was located. A Melbourne salvage company took over the operations under con tract to the Commonwealth bank. Veteran divers were enlisted and guaranteed a percentage of all the gold they retrieved. Besides risk ing their lives, they staked their as sets on the success of their task. Some mortgaged their homes. But today “they’re in the money.” * In diving to the ocean floor they counted 150 mines. Chief Diver John Johnstone of Melbourne estab lished a world record with a 528 foot descent in an observation bell. The divers found the Niagara ly ing on her side. It was necessary to blast a hole through her plates and cut away the decks to reach her strong room. A special explosive of gelignite with a core of gun cotton was used. Charges were lowered in a container slit on one side, which was placed against the part to be cut away Altogether 4,000 pounds of explosives were used before the way was cleared to the strong room and its gold. The first of the yellow bars was brought to the surface last October 13, the last on December 7, the day Japan struck in the Pacific. Oldtime ‘Waste’ I* Now Saved by Steel Mill* YOUNGSTOWN. The rejected scum of previous years is virtual gold for Youngstown district steel mills today as they scrape up every possible bit of scrap to meet demands for more and more materi al for open-hearth furnaces. The richest “gold mine” found so far has been the slag pile where each firm has dumped its molten slag for years and years. With a power shovel working con tinuously, Republic Steel corpora tion is digging up tons of pig iron and steel which were thrown away during the lush years of the early twenties because t£ey were not up to par. Scum from the top of ladles, irpn or steel which spilled on the floor, and other tons of metal thrown on the scrap pile because it cost too much to reclaim it, are being re claimed today. Giant sections of slag with valu able iron or steel imbedded in it are being broken by skull breakers and the precious scrap recovered to be made into steel for ships, guns, tanks, 'and other articles of war fare. The district’s scrap situation be came so serious that reclamation steps were taken to prevent a fur ther shutdown of furnaces. Nearly a score of furnaces were down early this year because of the general scrap shortage here. He Win* Home, Car and Groceries; Need* Girl FORT ORD. Becausce Sergt. George Bartlett of Fort Ord had the house, the furniture, and the automobile, he is now in Little Rock, Ark., to see about getting the girl. The girl of his choice, whose name was not revealed here, telephoned the sergeant that he held a ticket that entitles him to anew home, furniture, a month’s supply of gro ceries, an automobile, and gasoline to take him 20.000 miles. Even the utilities are paid for a month. Maj. Gen. W. H. Simpson gave Sergeant Bartlett a special furlough when he heard that the latter had won the home in Little Rock. Steals Doctor’s Tire* And Inclose* Payment PITTSBURGH.—A local physician has discovered that there is such a person as an “honest” tire thief. Returning to his parked car re cently, the doctor found the wheels jacked up and all tires missing. On the seat was an envelope containing some money and the following note: “Dear doctor—Enclosed find S4O. I have taken the tires off your car. You can buy them easier than I can.—A Friend.” Lights of NewYorlc by L L STEVENSON Model building ia excellent escape from the strain of war, according to Clark Pool, president of the New York Society of Model Engineers. As proof, Mr. Pool cites reports from heavily bombed areas of Great Britain which show that, despite dif ficulty in obtaining materials, model building not only continues, but in many instances models, especially those of railroads, are taken into bomb shelters. The New York so ciety, the largest and oldest ama teur model-making organization in the world, maintains in its Knicker bocker building headquarters at 42nd and Broadway, “the crossroads of the world,” the country’s largest model railroad layout. There are more than 5,000 feet of track, 3,000 feet of which are main line, together with switches, signals and every de vice necessary for modern railroad ing. • • • Almost every trade and profession is included in the membership of the New York society. There are janitors, painters, doctors, dentists, lawyers, business men, writers, en gineers and others all drawn to gether by a common interest in models Midget pow’er boats, archi tectual, airplane, in fact all kinds of models are built by the hobbyists. Those interested in railroads form the largest group. The society’s railroad layout is in operation only during the annual two-week show. It does not lie idle the rest of the time, however. Just as is the case with real railroads, work goes on continuously. That is, whenever so ciety members can find free time from their occupations, which is generally during the evening hours. • • * Work on the present rayout was begun V,2 years ago when the so ciety, to obtain larger quarters, moved from the third floor to the basement of the Knickerbocker building. It will not be completed for, from five to eight years. Even then it won’t be finished as the pres ent layout is only about 60 per cent of the complete plan. It takes eight men to operate the system. There are dispatchers, train orders, time tables as on regular railroads. Not only do society members keep abreast of the times, but also ahead of them. For instance, they w*ere the first to use an intricate push button in and out interlock which at present, gets trains in and out of Grand Central Terminal, * • • The 1942 show of the society, which closed recently, was its 14th. It is the first in which foreign coun tries were not represented, that be ing due, of course, to the world w r ar. In the past, models have come from as far away as Australia. Priorities have their effect on model building as some materials are es sential. Nevertheless, the model builders are continuing with their hobby, Mr. Pool said, and probably will for the duration. • • • In preparation for a recital, Edna Phillips, harpist, took a vacation from her husband and tw’o small children. In a tiny hotel over in the Pocono mountains, she practiced to her heart’s content until one day she heard her landlady, a wizened old Pennsylvania Dutch type, ex plaining to a man inquiring about a room for a friend that she could give him one- at a slightly re duced rate because “there’s a lady next door who keeps peggin’ away at a harp at all hours.” “Oh, my friend won’t mind that,” the man replied. “He’s very near ly deaf.” Miss Phillips’ annoyance changed to amusement, when her landlady shot back sharply, “Well, in that case, I’ll have to charge full price.” • • • At one of the night-clubs, an air minded actor, whose conceit is legend along Broadway, was under discussion. “Funny thing,” volun teered Ed East, “his egotism almost killed him the other night. He was flying over the city when a search light picked him up—and the dope stood up to take a bow!” (Bell Syndicate—WNU Service.) New Zealand Use* Hut* To Shelter Soldiers WELLINGTON, N. Z.-New Zea land s army is now housed in porta ble huts instead of tents. Large mobilizations of the militia and the national reserve, recruited from World war veterans, created major problems in accommodations The portable hut is the army’s an swer to the problem of providing living quarters. The huts have a floor 14 by 7 feet and hold foui men. They are constructed of light timber on frames that fold flat for transport. Three complete huts can be carried on one truck. Here’* a Soldier Who I* Eager for Action JEFFERSON BARRACKS, MO. Pvt- Morgan Jin, 18, American- Chinese youth stationed at the air corps replacement training cen ter here, explained that the “sneak attack” on Pearl Harbor along with his hatred of the Japanese for their repeated atrocities in China, had led to his enlistment in the army. The Man Must Be Smart * *■ BARBARA ANN BENEDId (Associated Newspapers — WNU S*rvic» J A REMARKABLY pretty trl drove up to the curb ac: jss the street, Before she c< dd get out of the car a gr ’Up of admiring men appeared from No where and clustered about. “That’s Shirley Tucker, isn’t tXV I asked Nate Randall. We were Sit ting on the veranda of Mercer’s ho tel where we had a good view of everything that went on along Main street of Mercersburg. “DaugMer of Old Man Tucker, president of the Farmer’s National?” “That’s her,” Nate grinned. He looked at me sidewise. “And and n’t ask me what everyone else is j sk ing: When is she going to get r ar ried? Let the girl alone, I ay. She’ll get married in good ti ne. Soon’s the right man comes al ng, or one smarter than she is.” ' “Smarter?” Nate nodded. “Shirley’s got s? nse enough not to marry someone vho ain’t any smarter than she is. That’s bad, that is, marrying someone who’s got less brains than younielf. For a girl it is. Usually means un happiness and sometimes divorce.” Nate reached for his black Stub of a pipe. “Reminds me of H*Sen Young,” he went on. “Now t ere was a girl for you who had cha ces a-plenty to get married, and tc the best that Mercersburg and all the other towns hereabouts had to o ter, too. But she turned ’em ail and wn. Even Marvin Baker, the ban! fcr’s son, and John Merrill, heir tc old Gran Merrill’s millions. He 'n’s friends told her she was a fool. She was getting old, they said. Whin a girl reached twenty-four in fKose *** il And one night, when the moon was full and there was a soft breezft and the smell of flowers in the aiK» he proposed and Helen accepted. days without hitching herself o a man she was considered out oi the running. 4 “But Helen only laughed at all the warnings and admonitions..* If, she declared, she couldn’t fird a man smarter than she, she’d rather die an old maid. Which was lam good figuring, though folks cou dn’t understand it. * “Helen wasn’t conceited abot t it, but she knew she was pretty and she knew she was smart. An g so she turned down John Merrill** of fer and Marvin Baker's and to keep company with young Elson Dearborn. Now Elson was a gpod looking youth and was expe ;ted to take over his dad’s box mill s Jme time in the future. In short, was considered quite a catch, and e ery one nodded their heads sagely and said Helen had been wise to wait after all. “Then, just when everyone figured it was time to announce the engage ment George Dow appeared on the scene. George was a farmer’s son, and he moved over here from Ox ford with his family. He’d had wmf schooling at the State agricultural college and he was a hard wrfrker and liked farming and planned to make it his life’s job. But hs w’as a homely cuss and he had the look about him that comes from working out-of-doors. No one even consid ered him as competition for the hand of lovely Helen Young. ~ «. “And that’s where George puwed how smart he was. He knew how folks felt about him and he cnew how Helen must feel and he mew that being the son of a not too pros perous farmer wasn’t much of a qualification, but he fell in love with Helen Young the first time he saw her, and so, despite all his handi caps, he decided to make a play for her hand. “He asked her to dance one night at a Grange sociable and surprised everyone because of his audacity and because he danced so weir And he surprised Helen because he seemed self-possessed, .(though in wardly he was trembling wibh ex citement) and carried on an qKelli gent conversation and his voice didn’t have a countryman’s fcvang to it. ' > “The next time he saw hfij was after church on the following Sun day. He asked if he could walk home with her, and Helen agr<-ed to let him. Yet even though she ap peared to enjoy his company, folks couldn’t believe he was seriou<. Her interest in George was beyoiwl thfir comprehension, with Elson Desrbom so eager for her company. “And so they gave no thought to George Dow, but continued • e wait for the expected announcement of Helen’s engagement to Elson. And after a while >t came. (Or rather an announcement came. But R wasn’t the announcement of Helen's engagement to Elson, h was the an nouncement of her marriage to George. "Yes, sir, without saying a Word to nobody, they had slipped off and got married by a justice of tbc peace up in DanesviUe. .1 tell you this here town fair rocked with gos sip when the news got out.” Nate paused and whacksd his pipe against the veranda railing* “So George proved himself smart er than all the others, eh?” I asked, looking, I presume quite skepticaL “Just how did he succeed in doing that?” Nate snorted in disgust and shoved the black stub of a pipe into his vest pocket. “Why, you ninny, because he got her to marry him without any engagement or flurry or fuss. You see, George was smart enough to sire up the situation. He analyzed the methods and charac ters of all Helen’s previous suitors and found out their trouble. It was in the courting. It must be, because that’s as far as any of ’em got. Then he analyzed Helen’s character *nd decided she wanted to be courted differently. So he set out to achieve that end. He didn’t put the thing on a commercial basis, nor he didn’t speak a word of love unless he had the proper setting. Daytimes when they were together, he’d talk about his ambition and the future. And night times he’d take her out in his boat or for a walk in the moonlight —always some place where there was a romantic setting. That’s what turned the trick—a proper setting. George was smart enough to let na ture help him in his courting. And one night, when the moon was full and there was a soft breeze and the smell of flowers in the air, he proposed and Helen accepted. It would have seemed almost sacri legious to refuse and spoil that beau tiful moment. And before she could change her mind. George bundled her off to Danesville and got a jus tice to tie the knot. . “Yes, sir, George outsmarted Helen in good shape. But she didn’t realize it until later. When she got back home she told her mother she hadn’t intended to marry George at all, but Elson Dearborn, as ev eryone thought. But George had changed her plans almost before she knew what was happening, but, by jingo, she was glad of it—glad she’d married a man who’d proved him self smarter than she. “Incidentally, it all worked out fine, because you never saw a hap pier couple than her and George. And I guess that accounts for Shir ley Tucker's attitude today. She’s just waiting for some man to out smart her, just as her mother did. Oh, yes, Shirley is George’s and Helen’s daughter. George’s full name, you see, is George Dow Tucker.” Government Tell* How To Sericulture Cocoon* The United States government is still optimistic about domestic silk production. Farm Bulletin 165, on the subject of “Silkworm Culture,” by Henrietta Aiken Kelly, states hopefully that “Commercial silk cul ture requires a smaller outlay of capital than almost any other in dustry. The net gain the first year may well pay for an outfit that will last many years. Culture for pro duction of the greatest yield of co coons may be carried on by any one of ordinary intelligence.” The “outfit”—in case you want to raise silkworms—consists of light mova ble shelves, newspapers to cover them, small trays to remove worms, knives, baskets, perforated paper for changing beds, supply of brush or shavings, and a thermometer! Perhaps it is this government op timism that has led Mrs. Frank J. Lewis, of Chicago and Palm Beach, to start the most recent revival of the silk industry in this country, foreseeing anew source of indus trial wealth for the whole South. The Lewis silk farm is situated on 800 acres in Palm Beach county, Florida, irrigated by a cross-state canal. Thousands of small white mulberry trees have been planted there, and as soon as her mulberry trees are large enough Mrs. Lewis expects to show the Japanese what a real country can do with silk worms. In the meantime, nylon seems to be solving the problem of how to get along without silk! As long as the supply of coal, air and water hold out, stockings and parachutes won’t be impossible. In 1938 one »f the big chemical research com panies announced the development of textile fibers that could be spun out at length, surpassing in strength and elasticity any previously known fibers. There are many different types of nylon, one of which makes stockings sheerer than chiffon, and much longer-lasting. A nylon thread is a linear super polymer -made up of small mole cules being joined end to end some what like a chain of microscopic paper clips. It is made by the re action of a dibasic acid (derived from phenol which comes from bi tuminous coal) and a diamine, also made from coal with oxygen and ammonia. Since ammonia is made synthetically by causing hydrogen from water to unite with nitrogen from the air, It follows that your ny lon hose are made from coal, air and water. But it’s going to take an awful lot of coal, air and water. Ameri can women last year bought 43,000,- 000 dozen pairs of silk hose. 95 Per Cent of ‘Waste’ Useful 72 Household Item* Listed As Valuable to U. S. in. Fighting Foe. CHICAGO.—UncIe Sam, in his war-time role of junk collector, can use just about 95 per cent of the stuff people are throwing away. Some field workers of the federal bureau of industrial conservation re gard this estimate as conservative in the light of industry’s enormous appetite for old rags, waste paper, old rubber and scrap metals. In every state and almost every community they have begun cam paigns to convince householders that they can contribute far more to the “salvage for victory” program than a stack of newspapers or the wad of tinfoil Junior has been saving since he was six. They want last year’s license plates and your old tableware. They’ll be just as pleased to get a pair of worn-out galoshes or a sec ond-hand bird cage. Grease from the kitchen is on the conservation list, and next it may be old bones. Scrap Drives Successful. Tin cans are about the only trash that the bureau hasn’t been able to work into the program. They may find a use for them before the war’s much older. Slowly but steadily the campaigns are showing results. In Illinois, where State Salvage Director Na thaniel Leverone said the program had been especially successful, hun dreds of persons are delivering grease to their butchers, razor blades to their barbers and empty toothpaste tubes to the comer drug stores. A two-day drive conducted by the Daily Pantagraph, a Bloomington (111.) newspaper, brought in 2,427 sets of old automobile license plates. They weighed 1,820 pounds, and scrap dealers estimated that when the metal was put on the market it would release enough virgin steel to make 300 Garand rifles. In the metal division, the cam paigners put clothes hangers, pipe, wire fencing, garden tools, kiddie cars, garbage cans, fireplace equip ment, sash weights, picture frames, drain pipes, buckets, casters and steel wool. Sport Qoods Can Help. Rqbber goods included gloves, car and bath mats, balls and other sporting goods, hose, and soles and heels. General collection figures are hard to arrive at, but the Chicago sal vage committee found out that, in a five-week period this year, collection of waste paper was up roughly 25 per cent to a total of 428,897 tons. Another thing the conservation bu reau’s field workers are trying to put across is the uses to which all this salvaged material is put after it is reprocessed and returned to production. Paper, for instance: Surveys have shown that practically all of the arms and supplies going to Britain*. Russia and China are packed in waterproof paperboard boxes. Army ordnance plants alone use 30 tons of paper a month to pack shells. There are hundreds of uses for scrap iron and steel in the manufac ture of tanks, airplanes, naval ves sels, guns and ammunition. Twenty per cent of our lead supply is de rived from scrap. Copper goes Into brass casings for artillery, anti-air craft and anti-tank cartridges and shells. One variety of bomber now in production requires two miles of cop per wire for each plane. x Army Will Forward Mail To Soldiers on Microfilm WASHINGTON.—The army is set ting up machinery to facilitate deliv ery of mail to soldiers at distant places by the use of microfilm. In this process, letters to soldiers are opened and photographed on rolls of the film. The film will be sent by airplane, after which each letter will be enlarged and deliv ered to the recipient. This procedure is expected to save weeks over the* old way of sending. Secretary Stimson said that the army was handling 1,000,000 pieces of mail a day, requiring 1,000 sol diers in its own postal service. —-——■ How to Become Officer In One Easy (?) Lesson CAMP WOLTERS, TEXAS.—Pvt. Walter Somers found it fun while it lasted. A clerk at headquarters, Private Somers grabbed up a field jacket and went on an errand. Several enlisted men saluted him smartly. He jokingly returned the salutes. When he entered an orderly room he was addressed as “Sir.” All was explained when he got back to his office and found he had accidentally picked up a jacket with the gold bars of a second lieutenant. Bnton* Must Save Paper, Even Their But Tickets LONDON.—The ministry of sup ply announced that it will be a “punishable offense” to destroy pa per or cardboard, to throw envel opes, empty cigarette packages or even bus tickets into the street, or to bum them. .All paper must be turned over to a collector or buyer* the ministry said. Housewives, however, will be per mitted to continue using twists of paper to light the kitchen fire.