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The LawrencEturg Democrat
i i in.im ii w riM v. "LAWULNCXLUiJO. TIINNl.&StE FIGHTING MACHINES. It ! a half century Mnre Erlcmon's Monitor was launched. SVe have Just passed the anniversary of tti.it event. It wui an rvolutlon in the art of naval armament which at the time seemed to promise a permanent rhange In theory and practice. What the Monitor did for ua In the crisis which It wag designed to meet U matter of history, says the Ponton Pout. That low-lying, vicious craft wai perhaps the salvation of our navy. Hut what a change In the ears that have since elapsed! The Monitor type ting gone to the scrap heap, and the massive, towering, stupendous dreadnought haa taken lta place. Torpedohoats have come In, followed by torpedo de stroyers. And the range of naval op erations haa been extended. Every maritime nation haa equipped Itself with submarines, and the very latest is a aubmarine that can tight above the water and descend with safety after delivering tbe Ore of Hi battery. ,Under tbe water and above the land In tbe air the power of destruction Is extending. What la the end of this development of tfte moans of devasta tion? Logically, ia It not the estab lishment of universal peace aa an In ternational duty? Wherever the Romans lived In tbe days of tbe empire tbey carried luxury and art. They occupied for centuries a large part of tbe northern coast of Africa. Jt is not surprising therefore to learn by a dispatch from Tripoli that a body of Italian troops digging trenches near the Oasis of Sclara, on tbe spot formerly occupied by Koman Imperial gardens, has unearthed an ancient Greek Venus of remarkable beauty. Tbe bead and arms are miss ing, but tbe torso Is in excellent preservation and reminds beholders of tbe famous Capltollne Venus. Tbe statue bas been sent to Rome, where It will be placed in tbe National museum. In nearly every spot where soldiers have tapped tbe ground to . throw up defensive works they have uncovered traces of the ancient Ro man occupation of Tripoli, including tombs, mosaics and ruins of splendid villas. There Is a New York statute against the revelation by physicians of the se crets of the consultation room; but a New York judge bas decided that it does not prevent a doctor from de scribing tbe services which he has performed when be finds it necessary to sue for the collection of his fee. In that case, the Judge rules, the phy sician may proceed with his action, al- leglng anything and everything that Is necessary, without either directly or Indirectly becoming liable for viola tion of tbe law. The decision would seem to be reasonable. It is a mean man who will refuse to pay a fair fee to bis doctor. A Greeley, Colorado, man claims to bave perfected a seedless watermelon and la cow experimenting with pea nuts crossed with sweet peaa. He ex- pects to get blossoms and peanuts from the same vines, the peanuts growing above ground Instead of in the earth. He has hopes of producing a succotash plant by crossing corn and beans, nnd looks forward to growing a breakfast food which will include tbe qualities of coffee. In the meantime, Where's Luther Burbank? i A Dutch prisoner, who was taking walking exercise in the courtyard of the Conclergerle Prison at Paris, eud denly made a running Jump at the wall, which Is 14 feet high and topped with iron spikes, mounted it like at cat, to the amazement of the Jailers, Jumped down on the other side, climb ed 20 feet up a wire ladder, dropped by accomplices from an open window, and got away. He must be a real fly ing Dutchman. Girls in a Massachusetts college have rejected the cap and gown as graduation garb In favor of the white dress, on the ground that tbe latter is more becoming. This will be another proof to the skeptical that higher edu cation for women Is a rank failure. A physician remarks of a prominent Invalid that his days are numbered, though nobody can tell how many re main. That might be also said with perfect truth of the healthiest man In the land. ' A boy who ran away from his home at New Haven, Conn., twenty years ago returned the other day with $2, 000,000. It is understood that his father did not meet blm at the gate with a rtrap. By hurling a custard pie into the face of a would-be robber a waitress in a Denver restaurant half-blinded him and saved the money In the cash box As a weapon of defense the custard pie deserves the highest encomiums. A Kansas dentist Is reported to have discovered how to sause new teeth to grow In the Jaws of people who have lost the ones with which nature fur nished them. Let those who have swallowed their false teeth hope on. A curfew law for husbands is advo cated by a North Carolina man. But home Is the peculiar domain of wo men, and the average husband will continue to show bis gallantry by not "tachlng on a woman's preserve? HELEN GOULD TO THE RESCUE r v ; w for herself, and Is accompanied by some She will see and study for the first have their center in San Francisco. With her are a number of eastern finan ciers and railroad men, with whom she will advise. On her trlt) to the coast Miss Helen the head of the Gould properties. In the Missouri Pacific and the Denver ft Western Pacific; K. T. Jeffery, president of the Western Pacific chairman of the financial board of the Rio Grande and chief financial adviser to the Goulds; Charles H. Schlacks, first vice of the Denver ft Rio Grande.. Until now Miss Gould has remained which ber family bas been Involved. Her chief concern has been her philan thropic work. When it looked as though the Missouri Pacific would be lost to George Gould, he was able to Interest Speyer ft Co., and they raised $23,000,000 to put into the property. Then attention was turned to the Denver ft Rio Grande. A system of financing, has Just been completed by which from $10,000,000 to $25,000,000 will be available. The Western Pacific remains to be assistance of Miss Gould. She has practically agreed to use ber entire per sonal fortune, estimated at $20,000,000, to help restore the family credit. Miss Gould Is credited with having necessary, to preserve the heritage that HEAD OF VERY Sadness and gloom have been the portion of a large section of the American Society (be careful of the large S!), since the publication of that remarkable book "The 469 Ultra Fashionables of America," compiled by Charles Wilbur de Lyon Nichols, on whose shoulders haa fallen the mantle of Ward McAllister, inventor of New York's "400." The cream of the cream of American society have now been segregated, cornlled, re concentrated or otherwise abstracted from the common herd and seated on high in the splendor and dazzling radiance of Mr. de Lyon Nichols, au gust approval. There appears to be, however, a remarkable lack of Inven tion displayed in the New York list of 300 notables. It is confined prac tically to the guests who were invited to meet the Connaughts and Princess Patricia on their recent visit. Surely New York is going to the dogs when it can only muster a beggarly 300. Even Ward McAllister, In an earlier and less enlightened period, permitted the metropolis to have a sacred circle of 400. The reason may be that only the superfine ultra-fashionables are Included in Beau Nichols" arbitrary selec tion, and that those unfortunates who are at all tainted with the Btlgma of 6lowness, who do not fully subscribe to the modern doctrine of "eat, drank and be merry, for tomorrow we die," are dropped relentlessly. Possibly the compiler's wisdom did not wholly desert blm and he hesitated to embark on the stormy waters of the next stratum below, being assured of countenance and support by the precedent already established. KING PETER At the foreign office and In the ronsnirnries are denied, of course. "It one official, who Has most anxious to tions existed between Peter and the army and Peter and bis people. But talk in the cafes, converse with officers to whom you have been vouched for or ask any representative of the common Servians, xne woraing people, ana one finds little praise for Peter. "Servia wants to become a republic,'' the people are tired of the dynasty." RULER OF SMALLEST STATE By the death of William Alexander, Grand Duke of Luxemburg, which oc curred recently, a demure young woman not yet 18 becomes sovereign of that little principality. She Is the late ruler's eldest daughter, the Grand Duchess Marie. Luxemburg Is a state of 998 square milea in tbe angle where Germany. France and Belgium meet It has about 250,000 people. From time immemorial it has been an ap panage of the House of Nassau. It was therefore virtually part of Hol land, though separated from it until the death of Queen Wilhelmina's father In IS'JO. Then It followed the male line to the father of the grand duke Just dead. In 1907 the succes sion in the female line was Instituted by a family statute. At a time, some years ago, when It seemed likely that Queen Wllhelmlna of Holland, would be childless, she designated this young grand ducbess as heir to the throne of the Nether lands and was about to ask the Dutch states general to pass the necessary legislation to this end. Shortly afterward, however, the hones of the Dutch people for a direct heir to the throne Princess Juliana. Tbe grand duchess Is described advice, quick tempered and impulsive the royal busy bodies w ho aro aiready able Lubband. 0H Miss Helen Gould, philanthropist, one of the best loved among Amer ican women and possessor of minions, haa come forward to save the family fortunes from possible wreckage and to restore the prestige of the family name. At the very moment when the finan cial downfall of the family is impend ing she has offered to cast her per sonal fortune fnto the breach to stay the threatened calamity. In so doing she has chosen to for get and to forgive all that has oc curred to alienate one member of the family from the others. She Is in spired by her own bounty of heart and by the deep reverence In which she holds her father's memory. Miss Gould lert New York the other day In her private car for San Fran cisco, for It Is there that tbe arrange ments will be made by which the lamlly finances will be straightened out. She is going to look over things prominent financiers. time the great Gould properties thai Gould is accompanied by the men at the party are n. F. Bush, president of Rio Grande and future president oi tne president of the Western Pacific and free of the financial enterprises In financed and It will be done through the said that she will give every cent, If her father bequeathed them. SMARTEST SET -,.. . 4- 1 X- Jl IS IN TROUBLE Is the bloody drama of 1903 about to be repeated in Belgrade? That ia a question that all Europe, Including Servian people themselves, are ask ing. For weeks reports have emanat ed from Belgrade that a conspiracy has been formed among the officers of the army having for its purpose the dethronement of King Peter, if nec essary, by as violent means as those of the terrible night nine years ago, when King Alexander and Queen Draga were murdered in the palace. King Peter is paying for whatever guilty knowledge he may have had of the regicide plot with uneasy days and sleepless nights. Now In his sixty-eighth year, he is wondering If it was worth while after all, to trade his peace of mind as a private citizen In Switzerland, for th? bloody crown of Servla. Through the palace still stalks the restless ghost of Alexander and the king's ears must still resound the echo of the shrieks of Draga. war ministry all knowledge of plots and la a sensational newspaper ne, saia leave the impression that the best rela one army omcer saia. i ne army ana 3f were gratified by the birth o'f tbe little as an unusually pretty girl, impatient oi characteristics which greatly displeas occupied in selecting for ber a suit. v- r- V . SBmM AND mJt BOX FOR STAMPING LETTERS Apparatus Invented for Benefit of Man Who Never Has Stamps Works Automatically. For the benefit of those people who never have any stamps or, rather, for tbe benefit of the people they borrow stamps from a New York man haa invented tbe apparatus seen In the Il lustration. This Is nothing less than Letter Stamping Box, a letter stamping machine, which, when a coin or coins am dropped in the slot, will automatically affix a stamp In an envelope. The urper sec tion of the box has a coin slot at the top and in s lower corner, back of a little window, a roll of stamps. A slot at one end admits the letter and the window allows the user to see that the corner of the envelope is ex actly in front of the roll of stamps. A coin Is inserted and tbe plunger at the top of the box pushed down. This presses the end stamp against a mols tener, and from there on to tbe enve lope, which Is then withdrawn and dropped Into the lower compartment for collection. FISHING WITH A STEAM PUMP Each 8troke of Piston Brought Up Torrents of W-ter In Which Were Fish and Crawfish. One of the most singular fishing de vices Imaginable was discovered by accident in France. Though extreme ly simple, the system Is revolutionary, says the Scientific American. A pond on the farm of La Marle- quette, bordered by rocky shores, was drained one year by the aid of a steam pump. Each stroke of the pis ton drew up 25 gallons of water, and the pond was emptied In a few hours, and not only was the water drawn off, but all the fishes also were transferred to a new element. This was a revolution. The owners of ponds In the neighborhood followed suit, and the proprietor of tbe pump made a specialty of this sort of work. He "let" one of bis pumps, uioJIfied for the purpose. The peasants of the region called it "tbe fish pump." Each stroke of th piston brought up tor- renta of water. In which were fish and crawfish, together with mud and de bris. One pond of several acres was cleared of fish at an expense of about $7 20. The process was Ingenious, but as one cannot bave bis Aeb and eat It, too, and as such rapid consumption would have led to equally rapid ex termination, the authorities stopped the practice. NEW CLOCK FOR TIMEKEEPER Found Quite Convenient When Time of Workmen Wanted Expressed ' in Dollars and Cents. FROM THE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN It Is quite Inconvenient, when figur ing the time of workmen, to have the time expressed in hours and minutes, which la a duodecimal system, while Hit labor i.t paid for In Collars and cents on the decimal system. This difficulty has been very simply over come by an Inventor In Louisville, Ky., who has fitted a clock with a face showing the ordinary 12-hour num- A Timekeeper's Clock. bers, and outside of this ten divisions representing the decimal system. The time of this clock is read not in hours and minutes, but in hours and tenths of hours. For instance, a workman starting a Job at 9 30 would be record ed as started at 9.5. If he completed th Job at 12.3, the difference in time, namely, 2.8 hours, Is evidently far more simple to calculate that. It would be were it expressed In minutes. Smoke Consuming Furnaces. There are 7,875 smoke consuming furnaces in London. Fifty-four dif ferent types of apparatus are used In the metropolis, all of which are ef fettlve smoke consumers. Up to the date of issuing the report from which these figures come 672 convictions for smoke nuUances had been obtained before the magistrates. Consumption of Coal. Last year the consumption of coal in this country was 582,000,000 tons in round numbers, in England 300,000,000 tons, nearly, and In Germany about two hundred and fifty million tons. FURS ARE MADE MOTH-PROOF 6kln Is Removad by Freezing Process snd Hairs Mads Quite Unaaiail abls by Vermin. A European scientist has evolved plan whereby furs can be made abso lutely moth-proof. It Is ouly the skin to which tbe fur Is attached that at tracts tbete creatures. Tbe Ides, therefors. suggests Itself to substitute some otbr material not adapted as food for vermin, in place of the nU ural skin, and bas been successfully accomplished In the following man ner: The fur Is stretched upon a wooden frame and Is then dlypefl. hair side down, In a Cat dish, the dish be ing filled with water and placed, with tbe fur, In a refrigerating rnom and allowed to freeze. When tt.i fur Is frozen to a solid block tbe skin Is sawed ofT with a circular saw. It can be further utilized for the nanufac ture of leather. The surface of the Ice block is allowed to melt down a small distance so as to bring out the ends of the hairs, and then a number of layers pf rubber solution are ap plied. After this bas set tbe ice block is melted off, leaving the hair firmly rooted in the rubber. The re sult perfectly resembles natural fur, but differs from It In being quite un assailable by vermin. PUNCTURELESS TIRE IS NEW Kansas City Man Has Invented Wheel With Cushion of Air Inside Is 8oft-Rldlng. Ever since a man discovered bow to make a soft-rldlng tire by wrapplnir the product of the rubber tree around compressed air, other men have been trying to devise a way to protect that sofe-rldlng device from damaging con tact with the unfeeling roadway, Its tin cans snd broken glass and sharp stones, and so on. One of the most recent devices Is In vented by E. Stewart of Kansas City. Mr. Stewart has a pneumatic tire, all right, but he hides It away In the vheel, so that th'e only surface It en counters is of smooth metal, adjusted Tire Inside the Wheel. so there is no chafing. The outer rim is shod with an ordinary solid rubber tire. Mr. Stewart says the hidden pneumatic tube does all the work of one exposed to tbe road, absorbing shocks and Jars, and that it will last Indefinitely. He has equipped his pleasure car with the device and Is demonstrating it to factory repre sentatives and other interested per sons. Heating and Cooling House. By the use of a Swiss invention which has been recently exploited, the system made use of in winter for heating a house by hot water may bo utilized in the summer months for cooling the Interior. The piping is used Just as it stands, but the boiler Is cut out and its place tal:en by an apparatus which com prises the essential part of the inven tion, called a "frlgator." The water which circulates in the pipes in the winter months is displaced with brine for cooling, which is main tained in motion by a small pump. The device has been given a practical test and found to be quite successful. NOTES OF SCIENCE AND NYENTION The United States spends every year $11,500,000 for education in art aJone. An Italian university professor claims to have found radium In ordi nary dew. If blindfolded, it is said 'no man is able to stand five minutes without moving. A method of planting eyelashes and eyebrows bas been developed by a French surgeon. In eastern Turkestan sheep are used as common beasts of burden. They are said to be excellent carriers. Cold air contains more oxygen than warm air, requires fewer respirations and consumes less, heart energy. A patent has been granted for an attachment to rocking cnairs, which onerates a fan to cool the occupant A piano will be less affected by dampness if set against an inside wall of a room than If against an out side wall. It has been found that the eye of a fly is able to see an object no larger than one flve-mmiontn oi an men in diameter. Any attempt to turn the knob or Insert a key tnto a lock that a New Yorker recently patented rings a bur glar alarm. Nearly a thousand patents bave been Issued in the United States for devices to do away with tbe rubber tires on automobl'es and other vehicles. GIVING. NEEDED COLOR EFFECTIVE ADORNMENT FOR THE SIMPLE SHIRTWAIST. Fabric That Introduces thes Gown Color Is Far Smarter Than the' All White Pretty Brooches and Bows, The illustration shows the fancy version of the Peter Pan, the front being cut In a novel way and tbe pocket left off, and thla model would be most effective In a striped silk matching the suit color. As to shirtwaist colors, we will not be able to escape all white, snd The Blocking at the Front of This Waist Gives a Little Chance for Extra Dressiness. a fresh white waist certainly gives a business woman a neat and smart look when employed with her duties; WHITE VEILED OVER BLACK Smart Milliners Give Distinctive Touch to Their Productions by Simple Arrangement. White maline veiled with black ma- Hne bas lately been seen on many of the creations of smart milliners, two immense outstanding loops of the ma terial being an Indispensable part of the decorations of any hat on which it appears. Rhinestones are frequently used with it and are extremely effec tive with the sombre tone produced by the black over white. One hat is made entirely of the maline and Is trimmed only with the two big loops and a string of large rhlnestones around the crown. Another model Is a tiny bowl of stretched black satin. which is wound about the edge with folds of maline and adorned at the back with tbe two big loops. The folds that surround tbe hat are held at two points by big rings of rhlnestones. Brown maline over white is also seen, having been used on one large hat with a crown of dark brown velvet and a brim of gold lace. Voluminous twisted folds of the maline encircle the crown and two loops of propor tions to suit those of the hat cast their shadow over it. Pretty Evening Scarfs. Absolutely inexpensive, yet pretty, for summer evening wear use are shaped scarfs made from squares of colored silk mull. Hem the edges and up each side of the front in an inch and a half wide hem, and above it put an inch-wide strip of valenclennes or Imitation cluny insertion. Use white Ilk tassels or knotted ends of ribbon finished In small ribbon flowers. Plaited Skirts. Plaited and accordion plaited skirts loom large on the horizon v of fashion. Sometimes in a $ front panel. Sometimes in ax deep ruffle, hut always with the ? ? plaits held in at the bottom by Jj & a band of ribbon or by hidden 5 g catches. Vogue. For the Young Girl. The latest In halrdressing is the Mona Lisa effect, copied in modifica tion from the celebrated painting which was stolen from the Louvre, in Paris, with the parted hair in front jid the large flat knots at eltber side entirely covering) tbe ears and ex- ending down to the neck. The bang or fringe effect continues to be popular. A Dutch effect in hair dressing has the hair parted from tbe orehead to the nape of tbe neck, with knots Just covering tbe ears, and baa nserted underneath the balr divisions at the front an unusually long and If 1 "Ti'fiy 1 , .ft yl, hut all white Is far Icbh umart than a fabric Introducing the gown color In some manner, and aa a Mandby one bodice lu a silk exactly matching tbe ault would be Invaluable. This conies In very handy for rainy days and for tho moment w hen a white waist would seem a little too commonplace, lor with a change of neck fixing the get up ran bo made far more tlresny. Among the smart whcIi shirting whoae patterns match the colors or the new suit materials are madras and cheviot, the browns, blues and plum tones of the pin stripes, chocks and dots and diamonds showing up very handsomely against tbe wbite background. blrts in these fabrics are always laundered without starch and very often the neck finish Is in the form of a soft sto k with ends made for a four in band tie. Stiff linen collars are likewise worn with soft laundered shirts, and with silk and flannel ones, but tbe woman who bas the beauty of her throat In mind pre fers the more pliable stock of the shirt material or of Irish lace, for al though a lace neck fixing takes away something of the distinction of a tail ored waist tbe Irish stocks are much worn. For little extra occasions, when the silk four in-hand te seems scarcely dressy enough, there are charming butterfly bows in plain and lace-edged muslin and net, and girls who know how to make their own little neck fixings often turn these out from bordered handkerchiefs and make them in a way so that they wash with out hurt. The pretty little brooches and bows with ends of satin Bowers are still gayer neck fixings, and, be sides being In excellent tiiHte for oc casional wear, these are easily made at home from any little fragment of gay satin or ribbon. MARY DEAN. NOVELTY FOR DINNER TABLE Quint Ornamentation Charming In Its Simplicity Flowers Appear With the Dessert A well known hostess the other night placed a number of rare Dres den china birds about hef table, and very quaint and pretty they looked, affording her guests no little amuse ment. Not a flower was visible until dessert, when the finger glasses ww. brought in. Each finger glass was trimmed with a single row, around the edge, of flowers and the flowers were different In each case yellow Jonquils in one finger glass, pink car nations in a second, gardenias in a third, violets in a fourth, snowdrops in a fifth and so on. It Is now the mode, by the way, not to set a handful of flowers in any vase or bowl, or otherwise to fill one up. The most popular arrangement Is to put flowers In singly all around the edge of the tase or bowl. ELABORATE HAIR DRESSING Charming Theater Coiffure of Pearls, Silver and Lace. Summer Skirts. Advance models in summer skirts are all slender, usually cut In two or at the most four pieces, with one gore overlapping another In an odd way and making the skirt Individual and pretty. While most models are high waists, some very new ekirts are high only across the back, with a belt from the side seams across the front, a moBt admirable arrangement and one sure to prove successful, for it insures a perfect fit In the front, where skirts sometimes stretch, while tho extension at the back prevents any possible missing of connections, a catastrophe in the opinion of the neat. heavy added piece in the form of a bang extending to the eybrows. Notes. Lace Is much used as ruffles on skirts of evening frocks. Many of the newest evening coats are made with a single seam. The new horn buttons trimmed In contrasting color come in a variety of combinations. Machine stitching Is popular on skirts and coat suits of cbevk knd English Bultlngs. v.r. k Charmeuse continues to be He fash ionable fabric for afternoon wear. The favorite trimming is silk fringe. Paris has elected the huge flat, Blm ply trimmed bat of black velvet as the reigning favorite of the season. Youthful Juror Summoned. The most youthful Juror ever sum moned in an Irish court is a little six-year-old lad who, the other morning attended ths recorder's court In Bel fast, with his mother, for the purpose of answering hie name, and asking to be excused from serving in such an onerous capacity.