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The Lawrenceburg Democrat
I'l nUMIIJI MF.r.KI.V. LAWKKNCtiji-nu. i i'VH N LSJS kit i in LABOR EXCHANCE8 IN ENGLAND. On February 1 the system cf labor exchanges Instituted In England by act of Parliament bad received two ' trial, and the result have an Interest In thla country, where almilar plana (or bringing unemployed labor in touch with employer! bavo been agitated. There axe, now 261 ex changes aa compared with the S3 with which the experiment was begun. During 1910 notification of 4uS.9 a- ram-Ira was given by employers, of which 873.313 were filled by the ex changes, and during 1911 these figures rose to 757,109 and C89.770, respec tively. In 1911 caBual employment waa provided through the exchangee for 1J2.492 men and 12.812 women. Last yrar 64,901 vacancies wore filled by the transfer of applicants to dis tricts other than those In which they were registered. To facilitate this movement of labor from one part of the country to another, an obstacle to which In the case of women work ers Is the lack of suitable lodgings. the suggestion In made of establish ing women"! hotels In connection with the exchanges. During 1911 the de mand for operatives exceeded the sup ply In the cotton, woolen and worsted trades, and in the cane of women In the clothing trades and In the laundry work. One favorable outcome of the experiment Is the growing confidence shown by both employers and work men In the system and the prospect of friendly co-operation In extending its scope. C fl fa 10IM5 ' One of the curious provisions of the woman suffrage law of California calls for the registration of the height of women voters. Naturally the regis trars are having trouble with It First of all. It baa to be decided where the foot of a woman begins and where her head leaves off. Shall French heels be subtracted, or ought the a thoritles to assume that It Is Indeli cate for them to consider that women have heels? Are puffs, rats and other apparatus of the sort to be taken into account, or must women discard these affairs when they come up for meas urement? Artificial hair is said to have gone out of fashion. We are not prepared to speak with authority on that matter, says the Toledo Blade. But supposing that next year, that fashion of the latter part of the eighteenth century, when women had their hair made tip with flour and the whole baked, should be the rage. "What would the registrar say when a voter came before him? Would he sk her to remove her bun? Or, be ing a man of experience, would he merely Bigh and credit the elector with 10 Inches growth In the course of a year? Prof. Bernard ICigramd I OR the first time In near a generation the anniversary of Tbomaa J e ff rson'i birthday April 13 will reoelve universal recognition throughout the nation. The celebration of this great American's natal day Is a peculiarly ap propriate time to point out Incidents In his career which have been passed over by the historians, but are none the less fraught with deep Interest to the minds of those who look upon him as one of the most commanding figures in the ranks of the liberators who participate- In the struggle against British supremacy. There are continually strange and uncommon Items relating to Jeffer son's career coming to the surface, and what an author fifty years ago cast aside as unimportant and not worthy of publication, the researcher of today Is apt to pronounce welcome additions to biographical knowledge. Some of the early scripts of Jefferson, now in the possession of Miss Sarah N. Randolph great-granddaughter of the famous Virginian were haHtily ex amined by William Curtis, who wrote a life of Jefferson, and much of the material therein contained was not considered available for bis purpose. Among these documents are now dis covered certain Items discarded by the distinguished biographer, but which nevertheless proved of much Importance in deciphering a very es sential element In tho heraldic as well as religious suggestions made by Jefferson during the formative period of our republic. Among these seemingly unimportant Dotes and memoranda appears evi dence to the effect that In 1774, two years before Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence, be used the terra "United States of America," the first time that such present-day denomination was given to the con federating colonies. Further con formation of Jefferson's deep fore sight Is found In the same record, or senil-diary, of 1774, where the follow ing remarkable entry occurs; "A proper device (instead of arras! for the American States United, would be the father presenting the bundle of rods to his sons." This was Intended as a bohI of the United States and Bhows that as early as the fall of 1774 In suggesting this design Jefferson believed Ja separa- Hero's Symbolic Devices : .'; f fl . V l'f r 1111 WM JcfTerton't Second Dtvlct. Th Committer on Emblems. WTWfyyiy n J" yp ay ii limn v mm mm SCHOOL FOR INDIANS How Savages Arc Taught Practi cal Things in Southwest. A clean, honest, kind criticism is wholesome, but an underhand thrust, intended to be smart, Is dangerous There Is so much of this flippant criti cism, these days. We are nearly all guilty of It, and yet It is a kind of sin that keeps the right from succeeding. There are instances every day where a noble fact Is kicked aside by a dis paraging remark, Intended only as a elap. The serious trouble with these flippant criticisms is, they never leave a truth behind; It Is always a blotch. The thing to do Is to leave oft the flip pant and .make a criticism sincere, thoughtful, frank and kind. If a criti cism is not thus attended. It is false 'and flippant, unworthy of a true man or woman. . S- - . -t..i-Vp.l'- V. --u - , fff.Jxl L ? vj ) A New York factory commission bas discovered in its Investigations tha,t from 50 to 75 per cent of fires in that city are caused by carelessness, principally In the thoughtless use of matches, cigars and cigarettes. The terrible results of thla carelessness should be made an important point in the education of children, to the end of ita elimination from the ordinary risks of life. Apparently, not even the horrors resulting from this thoughtlessness can Induce the aver age adult to take the very slight trou ble required to prevent it. Thomas Jefferson. Uon from the mother country, that he hoped for a rebellion, and had faith In the said rebellion evolving Into a revolution which would result In the necessity for a national signature or seal. He not only designed the em blematic or symbolic part, but also supplied a motto which likewise ap pears among the stray notes of 1774, couched in the following words: 'For a motto (on device for Amerl? can States United): 'Insuperablles si Inseparables' " ("together we are in separable") an answer given in the English parliament to the house of The young Indian prince, son of the Caokwar of Baroda, has left Harvard because he could not get along there on his allowance of $250 a week. Even Oriental lavlshness, apparently, can not live up to the standard of the American money kings' sons. And this must rather puzzle the European and eastern minds to reconcile with all that has been told them about the simplicity of our republican Institutions. Telling people how to 6leep, the Ixmdon Globe says: "You must have your head on a level with or lower than your feet." We are opposed to an arbitrary rule for sleeping; It would destroy all individuality. A Brooklyn railway has had a ver dict rendered against it of over $1,000 because one of its employes was rude to a woman paBsenper. Who says the world's male chivalry has perished outr foal I j iij Jefferson's First Design. Jefferson's Third Design. their disputes by his exhortations, be i determined to give them a practical illustration of the evils of disunion. For this purpose he one day told them to bring him a bundle of sticks, and when they had done so, placed the faggot In the bands of each of them In succession, ordering them to break It to pieces. They each tried with all their strength, and failed. He next unclosed (untied) the faggot and took the stick separately. One by one he again put them Into their hands, and then they broke them easily. He then addressed them In these words: "'My sons, If you are of one mind and unite to assist each other, you will be aa this faggot, uninjured by all the attempts of your ene mies; but if you are divided among yourselves, you will be broken as easily as these sticks.' " In the foregoing summary we have the Jeffersonian idea expressed as it would relate itself to the union of the thirteen colonies. It was direct, convincing and logical, as shown in some of the present state seals. Two years later than the date of the entry referred to, July 4, 1776, we see Jeffer son, Franklin and Adams ap pointed a committee to de vise a seal for the young re public. His co-commltteemen, like himself, were known to be thoroughly Informed on heraldic matters, and it was natural that the Continental Congress would select people of their culture and learning for the performance of such an important task. Hence on the same day that the Declaration of Independence was issued, July 4, acorn mittee to devise a seal was created wniie present-day Americans have always been informed by writers, his torians and orators of the Intense heat of that auspicious Fourth of July, and that because of the almost unbearable atmosphere of the sultry weather prevailing the delegates as sembled, hastily debated and quickly signed the colonial Magna Charter la order to get out of the congressional hall, the facts are that the day was unusually pleasant and characteristic of a most agreeable summer climate. This statement, Involving as it does a correction of hitherto accepted his torical material, rests on the author ity of an entry found among Jeffer son's stray notes, an entry never until now given printed publicity. Innum erable writers have drawn highly col ored word pictures of the dreadful and stifling weather conditions existing on that memorable day, but we submit that far more reliance is to be placed on the evidence penned by a distin guished and careful observer who was present on the occasion In the role of an active and honorable delegate. Among the Jeffersonian script is a sheet bearing the following notations: Slavery of Israelites. We are Informed that one song out of ninety-five attains popularity. Aft er listening to one of the so-called popular songs we are convinced that the other ninety-four are fearful concoctions. In New York two Juries in the same court gave damages of over $1,000 for the loss of a wife and over $12,000 for the loss of a leg. Wives seem to coma cheap In the Empire Stat. lords and commons. He cites parlia mentary rolls as reference to the time when the episode occurred which brought forth the reply. Jefferson's idea of comparing the thirteen col onies to the 13 rods with which on earnest father sought to impress his Rons with the principle that "In union there Is strength," or the precept that "United we stand, divided we fall was taken from his copy of Aesop's Fables. The exact details of this an cient story which appealed so em phatically to Jefferson are as follows "A father had a family of sons who were perpetually quarreling among themselves When he failed to heal Degrees. July 4th 6 A. M 68 July 4th 9 A. M 72 July 4th 1 P. M 76 July 4th 9 P. M 73'4 We are thus Informed that at the time of the passage of the Declara tion of Independence, on the early aft ernoon of July 4, 1776. the tempera ture, according to Jefferson's record, was 7b degrees a striking coinci dence in the year of the century and the number of heat degrees, both rep resented by tne numerals, 76. Natur ally the question arises as to how Jef ferson came to make this exact ob servation regarding the weather con ditions of that famous day; also what might have been bis method or ap pliance utilized for registering the heat of the atmosphere. Here again the supposedly valueless documents furnish con-oborative evidence of Jef ferson's ability to obtain the desired information. On July 4, 1776. Jeffer son called on Mr. Sparhawk to settle an account, and this entry appears among his papers as witness of a cer tain purchase and payment: July 4, 1776. Paid Sparhawk for a thermometer, 3, 15. Paid for 7 pr. (probably pair) women's gloves, 27. Gave to charity 1-6." The foregoing entry removes all doubt as to Jefferson's ability to de termine accurately the 76 degrees of heat on the noon of July 4th, and es tablishes the fact that it was a calm nd delightfully tempered summer's day. Further search among Jefferson'a papers brings to light the correct name of the German family which fur nished him with room and board at the time when he wrote the Declara tion and devised a number of designs for a seal of the young republic, one entry reading: "Pd. Mrs. Graaf one week's lodging, 35." On the 9th day of July, 1776, the committee on seal met at the tavernj of the London Coffee House, and while the report formulated on that occa sion contains much of general inter est, it is only necessary to consider In thjs connection the items in which the hand of Jefferson is seen. He was made chairman of the committee, and it was he who addressed congress on the subject. While Jefferson's device was not accepted by the committee, he assisted in creating a conjoint de vice in which the ideas of Dr. Frank lin, himself and a French artist named Du Simitier were blended. In the report to congress in the fall of 1776 Jefferson presented the double- sided idea of a seal on the obverse, or front, of which the following appear ed: 'A shield divided into six fields upon which were emblems of the leading European nations; above the shield the eye of Providence; the shield was supported on the right Bide by the goddess of Liberty, on a staff she held a Phrygian cap; on the left side of the shield the goddess of Justice held forth the scales of Justice in the left, and a sword in the right hand. Around the entire device the thirteen sbielda of the colonies appeared, with their initials blazoned upon them." On the back, or reverse, of the proposed seal the Franklin Idea was displayed as follows: 'Legend .round the whole achieve ment, 'Seal f the United States of America, MDCCLXXVI.' "On the other side of the said Great Seal should be the following device: "Pharoah sitting in an open chariot, a crown on his head, and a sword in his right hand, passing through the divided waters of the Red Sea, in pur suit of the Israelites. Rays from a pillar of Are in the cloud, expressive Institution Conducted by W. T. Shel ton of Shlprock, N. M., on the Nav ajo Reservation Children Pre ' fer Outdoor Work. Shlprock, N. M It Is only within the last few years that the practical note has been emphaMlzod In the edu cation of the Indian child, and the re sult have been so hopeful that those Who were beginning to despair of the Indian's future are taking a, nrw view of the situation. It used to be that when the subject of Indian education was brought up, people were told to Investigate the Work being carried on at the Carlisle and other non-reservation Indian school. Hut now there are many res ervation schools which afford an In teresting study In practical accomplishment. The Indian school that la generally accepted as a model for the entire In dlan service la conducted by Supcrln tendent W. T. Shelton at Shlprock, N. M., on the Navajo Indian reservation The agency and school were rxtab llshed by Mr. Shelton about tight years ago. Surrounding the school and agency buildings are several bun dred acres of beautifully cultivated farm land. There Is a fine herd of dairy cows In the barnyard and the1 boys take turns at the milking In the model dairy bouse.' About the agency one finds children engaged In many useful tasks. A trained seamstress Is teachlug a class of girls the Intricacies of needlework. Other girls, who are under the watch ful eye of the matron, are flitting about the building, sweeping, making beds or washing dishes. The big boys are caring for the live stock, and the of the divine presence and command, I beaming on Moses, who stands on the shore, and extending his hand over the sea, causes It to overthrow Phar aoh. "Motto, 'Rebellion to Tyrants Is Obedience to God.' " But congress rejected the device and report, dismissed the committee, and appointed a new one. Yet Jef ferson's keen interest in the heraldic creation of a symbolic seal did not wane. He kept in touch with several future committees and submitted two other important designs, both of which throw new light on the religious and political leanings of the author. When submitting the sketch of a proposed seal he addressed the committee as follows: "As I have already observed. Dr. Franklin's and my thoughts, Jtty some uncxpluinable coincidence are very similar, inasmuch that we have both sought to symbolize Liberty; and furthermore as a typical illustration of the elimination of slavery, chose the children of Israel. In representing these King-ridden people, it is my pri mary desire to Indicate on our seal that the success of the Hebrews was due, not so much to their skill and genious in battle, but principally to the fact that they were God fearing, and confided In the Almighty', who, though Invisible, was present in the 'pillar' and 'cloud' which led them. I propose that the seal contain an obverse and reverse side; on the for mer the Children of Israel, led by a 'cloud' by day and a 'pillar of fire' by night, on the latter Henglst and 1 Ionia the Saxon chiefs, from whom we claim the honor of being descended, and government we are now about to as sume." The history of Henglst and Horsa Is one of great interest, and anyone thoroughly absorbed In the story of the seal can not afford to miss it. Jefferson believed that Indirectly we Inherited from these bold Germans our form of government. The history of England begins shortly before the Christian era (55 B. C), when Caesar first landed and conquered an un civilized race known as the Britons. The Romans about the third century had effected marked changes in the Island and had established the Chris tian religion, and Introduced Roman laws and rules, but the Britons, a barbarous race, so Incessantly attack ed them, that late In the fifth century they abandoned England. . Henglst and Horsa were the leaders of the Saxons, or Germans, who dis puted the ownership of the British soil and finally conquered the country. They were defeated In three battles, Horsa being slain in action at Eggles ford (455). Henglst immediately took possession of Kent and nearly the entire southern half pt England. He established his court at Canterbury, and the laws which he enforced were in good taste with governments of that early period. He reigned about 30 years, and laid the foundation of that Great England which has occu pied so large a space In the history of the world. Jefferson was somewhat nettled over the disfavor shown bis designs by the critics of the Continental Con gress, and betrayed tns annoyance when he wrote: "If the Continental Congress will not accept the stirring motto, 'Re bellion to Tyrants is Obedience to God.' I will employ it in my personal seal." This resolution waB Immediately carried out, for he had an engraver produce a seal with "T J" in script, with the classic motto placed about tho border. The symbolic designs evolved by Jefferson were many and La" fcy . w .' reflected In their virile character the powerful intellect of this great Ameri can patriot who will be so widely re membered on April 13. Utilitarian. "I wish I could tlna out who wrote this anonymous letter," said Senator Sorghum, as he paused In the work of going through his correspondence. "Has It annoyed you?" "No. But the fellow has some niinhty happy Ideas In Invective. I'd like to eet him to write a few cam palgn speeches for me." Best Polish for Fine Furniture Dr. L. V. Redman of the University I revivers as brighten good varnish for of Kansas, who is now engaged in re search on the chemical treatment of wood, makes, in an article on varnish in the Scientific American, an asser tion that is of Importance to every housekeeper. He says that crackB. hairlines, scratches and other defects in the varnished surface of fine fur niture and pianos may be made worse by using such cheap liquid furniture a short time by dissolving part of the resins they contain. "One of the best possible furniture revivers." he continues, "is one that every housewife may easily mix and prepare at a cost of a few cents and with no labor whatever. One part of lemon oil and two parts of boiled lin seed oil well mixed and applied rather sparingly to the varnished furniture with a linen rag. a piece of silk or cheese cloth, free from nap and dust, will do more to preserve good furni ture than any veneer sold at the pres ent time." Common Sense Commendable But. Common sense is a commendable quality. It keeps us from doing many foolish acts and It Is altogether reli able, like a good kitchen range or a favorite cake recipe. But the trouble with an excess of common sense Is that It often crowds out much that is delightfully absurd, beautifully sweet. and tenderly delirious. Also, too much common sense makes us too seriou and to be too serious is not to be com panionable to those who love ue. Be ware, you wise ones, lest you grow too wise. A little nonsense you know the rest Plain Proof. "Do you believe his sentiments fot you are really candid?" "I should say so by the boxes bonbons he sends." Before His School Training. smaller lads are busy In the garden or orchard. The practical note is emphasized here," said Mr. Shelton. "That is done because it is the practical that is go ing to be of most benefit to the Imifin. AU the old prejudices of the Indians against the white man's education are beimr wiped out. Old Indians bring their children across the desert for many miles, and beg me to put them in school. Sometimes the children themselves, who have heard from oth er children about the life here, will run away and show up here at the agency with the request that I put them In school. 'It la surprising fhe talent that is being developed among these Indian bpys and girls. I have an Indian boy who nets as interpreter and works on the greenhouse. He has a positive genius for floriculture. The school girls have woven Navajo rugs that have taken prizes at our annual Nava jo fair in competition with rugs from the looms of the oldest and most ex perienced weavers on the reservation. The children without exception love the outdoor work in the garden and or chard. We raise more fresh vegeta bles here than we can consume, and the girls preserve the surplus." BACKACHE IS DISCOURAGING I Until You Get After The Cau Nothing more dis couraging than a constant backache. Lame when you wake, raius pierce you when you bend or inu ii naru 10 work, or to rest. You sleep poorly and next day lathe same old story. That backache In dicate bad kidneys and rails for some good kidney remedy. None to well rec ommended asDoan'a Kidney Pills. Grate ful testimony is convincing proof. Here's Another Typical Case- ZWUa,or' Mr. O. W. Erwin. $08 Third St., Little Falls. Minn., says: "My body became ao bloated 1 had to gasp for breath. Kidney secretions were In terrible condition and to bend my back waa agony. Life waa one con stant round of suffering and I thonght death would be a relief. I began using Doan'a Klldney Pills and am today a well, happy woman." AT ALL DIALERS BOc. a Box DOAN'S ,", i I- , V i-1 ! y I in WMemomh WiSliottPalisticS 'INC6T QUALITY LARGEST VARttTV cm .r Is 1 'a ami IunU if- -.1 ' OII.T FTGK th only larttro'abn drawing that pualtlror contain Oil., niacin and PiiiIim LadleH' AUd children iHH'tfl and tnorft, atitnca without rnlihlni;, . "Frem-h ilM," luc. 8TAK couitinutn,n forrlrauitiu and polWhmg all atndaof nMfftnrunRhor. w. lnlT" iw Hi. SOI l K WIHTK On liquid form with (ioiw) fn-alT leltuaaud wuluniadirlj rauvMsauoa, o and HAHY EI.1TIC combination forgntlrmn who takaprtdftlu navlnglheir ihuM hxia Al. Koniou-a color and liMtro to all blara rIiim-h. Polish Willi a bnihh or cloih, 10 ccnu. "Kllte" '& fin. If Tonr dealer duet not kecu the kind yon warn, lend nt tha price In umip and will n-uii ;u a ARE MORE BEAD THAN ALIVE of Primitive Race of People Who i Without Any Form of Religion. London. A people without any form of religion, wrthout superstition, devoid of any thought of the future state, has been found in the interior forests of Sumatra, -according t4 Dr, Wilhelm Valez, the geologist of the University of Breslau, who has made extensive Journeys through the island. There he found the Kubus, aa he named them, who are scarcely to be distinguished from the small manHke ape of the Indo-Malayan countries They are wanderers through the for est seeking food; they have no proper ty. They are not hunters, but Stan ply collectors. They seek merely suf ficient nuts, fruits and other edible growths to keep them alive. The Kubus ware very little warfare upon the small amount of animal life in their silent and somber land. The only notion that Professor Valez could get from them of a difference between a live and a dead person was that the dead do not breathe. He Infers that they are immeasurably inferior to the paleolithic man of Europe, who fash ioned tools and bunted big game with his flint tipped arrow and knife. In tellectual atrophy is the result of the Kubus' environment. The Tords they know are almost as few as the idea they try to express. full alia pacaaga cbarvon paid. . WHITTEMORE BROS. & CO., 90-26 Albany it., CamtorUft-a. Mai. HJioe fulishf in ui world. AS TO REALISM. Reggy How is this In the second chapter of my great etory: "Th beautiful girl dropped her eyes?" Peggy How pathetic! Were they glass eyes? Medical Genlua. An old doctor, Beelng a young one who was going along the street with half a dozen" shabby-looking men and women, called him aside and asked: "Who are all those people, and where are you going with them?" "I will tell you In confidence," was the reply, "that I've hired them to come and sit In my reception room. I expect a rich patient this morning. and I want to make an Impression on him." Judge's Library. Supply Cleaned Up. "Goin' fishln' next summer?" asked the man who tells tall stories. "No," replied Mr. Growcher. "If you caught all the fish you said you naught laBt 6ummer, there won't be any use of going fishing next summer." The most visionary thing about the average man is his estimate of himself. A Tempting Treat Post Toasties with cream Crisp, fluffy bits of white Indian Corn; cooked, rolled into flakes and toasted to a golden brown.' Ready to seive from the package. direct Delightful flavour! Thoroughly wholesome! " The Memory Lingers 1 Sold by Grocers Foatum Cereal Company, Limited Battle Creek, Mich.