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sought and obtained the law through
its representatives in the Legislature whim a majority of the people to be affected demanded it The principle of "Home Rule," or local self-government, was applied to it throughout. It was through thin principle in the earlier stages of the four-mile law that the small counties excluded whis key from their borders, even when a majority of the counties opposed ex cluding it. Eminent sum-as attend ed it. From ninety-two of the ninety six counties the sale of intoxicants was excluded. The people were con tent and the enforcement of the law an eminent success. Then zealous advocates come for ward and urged the extension of pro hibition to those four cities that did not want it and had not applied for it. They succeeded. believe it will not be disputed that since that the worst condition known in large eitiea thu affected have existed, two con dition that requires to be remedied. Open violation of the law is seen on every hand. Segregation and control have fallen before it. High license has been succeeded in many cases by no revenue, but the sales have gone on. Over the question political dissen sions arose. From a non-political it was made a political question, and the Democratic party divided on it, which resulted in delivering the State over to the Republican party and a Re publican Governor. 'Treasurer and United States Senator. After three fourths of Gov. Hooper's term has ex pired we find that he, like his prede cessor, has been unable to control the traffic and enforce the law. At last the warring factions of the Democratic party saw nothing was to be gained by further dissensions. The two committees held a number of meetings to harmonize differences, and finally succeeded. Both wings agreed to dispense with their exec' utive committees, and on Aug. 1 lay the foundation for selecting a new one in their stead, which should rep resent the reunited party. In the same primary the people themselves elected delegates to a Democratic State Convention, who made the plat form for the party on this and all other questions. The rule adopted at the Baltimore Convention prevailed here nominat- ing the candidate first and then mak ing the platform. It is the first time in the history of any party in the State that the people have taken the matter entirely into their own hands by electing all of the delegates by popular vote. The agitation, discus sion, bickering, strife and dissensions have gone on long enough to enable the people to know what they want and what is best for the State. Six years of such strife as we have had should shed light on it. Whatever others may do, I abide their decision and settlement and stand! on the platform they have adopt ed. I beieve that after years of re-' flection and discussion, the aggregate wisdom of all is greater than that of any one man, and that their de cisions should be accepted as final. Dissensions in the State should cease; bickerings should end; strife should give place to concord. We have had one Democratic and one Republican administration deal ing with this question in the large cities for the last four years, and each has failed under the present law. Therefore, it cannot be attributed to partisanship or to want of disposition on account of partisanship to enforce the law. It having thus failed in the large cities during all the years these laws have existed, and the situation continually growing worse, it be hooves us to look for some means of law enforcement more efficient than the present. There is no doubt in my mind but that the sale of whisky can and should be more effectually con trolled than it is now. There has never been in the State, since the Four-Mile Law was passed, such a state of affairs as we have to day. As long as we adhered steadily to the principle of local control or "home rule," which allowed each com munity to dispense with whisky when it wished, the cause of temperance flourished. Under this, traffic in spirits was. dispensed with in ninety three of the ninety-six counties, and in all the territory in the remaining four counties except about thirty square miles. And in these counties segregation was applied and whisky sales curtailed. Then, not satisfied with the marvelous success that had been achieved, this policy was aban doned and statutory prohibition sub stituted for it. I ask any fair minded man to answer, what has been the result of the change? Has it been satisfactory? Are you content that this condition shall continue? Is this the goal for which you have strug gled? If so, you are easily satisfied. Instead of segregated cities, where sales can be made only in a small area, as was the case formerly, what do you behold? In the cities more open saloons than ever seen before. In the smaller cities and towns more bootlegging than ever before. Through out the State more government li censes than ever. One of the Ten nessee papers recently published a list of licenses issued by the Government now in force outside the cities. It is unparalleled in the State's history. Since the law was passed and these things happened we have elected a Re- publican Governor and no change. New Mayors in the cities, and no change; new Judges and Attorneys General without betterment; new Sheriffs and new Justices of the Peace and a new Supreme Court. But neither a new Governor, new Supreme and Inferior Courts, new Attorneys General, Sher iffs or Magistrates have brought re lief. The control of the whisky trafi fic in the cities under the State-wide law is a lamentable and confessed failure. Nor has change of officials to enforce it bettered conditions. "A condition and not a theory confronts us." Shall we be content with the mere "law" accompanied by all its lawlessness, or shall we try, by wise and judicious action, to go forward and do all in our pqwer by wise legis lation and patriotic endeavor to curb and control a traffic that is uncon trolled and most demoralizing as now conducted. The Democratic platform offers a solution which, in my opinion, can and should be profitably applied. believe in and will stand by law enforcement. With the Gov ernor the question is, "What it the lawt" When that is oncer tained his duty is plain, and it is to enforce it. When the State makes the law the executive should strive honestly and faith fully to have it executed. Extracts from the, I'latform: "The Democratic party has al ways been the upholder of law and order, both in the Nation and the State, and it denounces the hypocrisy of the Republican party, which for half a century has been in league with the lawless dement of the country, favoring monopoly against the welfare of the people, fostering trusts in con spiracy with the whisky power wherever it is strongest in the North, and jteemingly opposed to it wherever it can create discord and division in the South and thereby reap political reward. , The record made by the Demo cratic party in Tennessee on the liquor question is one which it may refer to with just pride. "As a party of true temper ance and actuated by a sincere de sire to lessen the evils of the li quor traffic, it started with the original four-mile law, and grad ually extended it to embrace all towns and cities of the State that wished to take advantage of its provisions, leaving the question to the people of the communities themselves. "We now re-affirm and endorse the four-mile law, with its ex tensions to all the towns and cities of the State which asked its application to them, as being the best and wisest temperance policy ever inaugurated in any State for the prohibition of the sale of liquor. "We pledge ourselves to the re tention of the four-mile law on the statute books, and are unal- . terably opposed to its repeal. When its spirit was violated and the four-mile law was extended to the cities of Nashville, Chatta nooga and Memphis without their consent, the result has been an alarming increase of lawlessness and intemperance, bringing into disrepute not only the four-mile law, but other laws, and ac customing the citzizens to law vio lations. "Recognizing that these . de plorable conditions should be cor rected, we favor the modification of said law as affecting the lo calities named, but in no other place in particular, and we fur ther pledge ourselves that a mod ification of the law as to those cities shall be accomplished by laws of strict regulation, segrega tion and control, with high li cense and forfeiture of license for violation of legal require ment. "We also favor a modification of the manufacturer's bill under such terms and conditions as will limit the number and effectually prevent distilleries from retailing their products in any county or community whereat the sale of liquor is prohibited by law." I stand on this platform with the Democratic party in favor of con trolling and curbing the traffic in in toxicants, and against the hari-kari which now reigns supreme in the cities mentioned therein. I propose to put restrictions on it not now placed over it. I propose to remove it, not only from territory around ou colleges, but from residence portions of these cities. I propose to place it under such legal restraint as will also curtail its political power. When the unrestrained liquor traffic is carried on in the cities as it is now, whoever is at the head of the city govern ment has such absolute authority as no man should exercise in our gov- ernment. I would do away with one man power in this business, and by this do away with many of the ills we now suffer. The Democratic party by its plat form proposes to control the whisky traffic and promote temperance, in stead of leaving it as now uncon trolled. It puts a bridle on it, instead of letting it go unhaltered. Gov. Hooper, in a speech a few days ago, urged as a remedy in Nashville the creation of a new judgeship for him to fill. Will he create new judge ships in all the cities? Does he not know his judge can only hold by ap pointment about a year, and would then be subject to election? Have not the officers, judges, etc., all been elect ed within a year? Federal Questions; Sanders' Ap pointment. If there be a Democrat here who contemplates the support of Hooper let me show : you ' what you have to swallow to c!o it. Here is the first plank in his platform: "We endorse the administra tion of President Taft, he hav ing faithfully and conscientious ly carried out every promise made in our party' platform of 1908, and especially commend the broad, patriotic and non-partisan spirit displayed by Him throughout his administration." Democrats, in this they are asking you to do what most of the progres sive and liberal Republicans of the Northwest are declining to do. They are asking you to walk up and take the place in the Republican party made vacant by the desertion of mil lions of those who refuse to longer stand for the misrule of President Taft and his administration. Whi insurgent Republicans are scuttling Hooper's and Taft's ship they expect you to save it. You not only swallow Taft and his veto of bills reducing the tariff which would have saved millions to consumers, but you en dorse his giving life and vitality an unreasonable profits to trusts en gaged in manufacturing. Then consider Hooper's record to be gfuped down. His removal of old, ef ficient Confederate veterans to make place for young, Inefficient partisans. ou endorse his predigality j hi eut ng out of appropriations for Con federate widows, and the running of the legislature from the State and consequent confusion and wasteful ex pense. Then you endorse Newell San- err rotten record. When he appointed Newell Sanders the Senate a defender of Force ilia and high oppressive tariffs he manifested rank partisanship. There by he justified all the tariffs that rob you, and all the trusts that oppress, for Sanders stood by and for them. You approve all these things when you suppoit Hooper. To illustrate: The Democrats passed a bill to put agricultural implements and machines on the free list. They are manufac tured by the trust and sold cheaper in Europe than here. Also to make cot ton ties, cotton bagging and grain bags free. A greater boon to agri culture could not be given or imagined than this, it is a burden under which the farmer has groaned all his life. Yet when these measures went to Taft they were vetoed by him, and you left to groan. Hooper and his platrorm and Sanders approved this, and ask you to approve it and retain them in power. They have smitten your left cheek, and invite you to turn the right also to their itching palms. Hear more of Gov. Hooper and Pres ident Taft, whose platforms you en dorse when you support Hooper. The keystone in the arch of protection is the tariff on wool and woolens. It is the most cruel and outrageous of all of tariff's robberies. The duties on some of the coarser grades go as high as 150 per cent, or $30 duty on every 20 worth or goods. To mention this rate of duty is to remind us of the old piratical hordes that infested Tariffa, and first laid an embargo on commerce. Our party did not pro pose to remove all these duties, but only to reduce them from a prohibitive to a reasonable revenue basis. It was a work for the poor and toiling. Here again 1'resident laft intervened, by his veto stayed the hand of justice and stopped relief, where he and all others admit there should be relief. Yet, you are called upon to approve Hooper when he stands for and de fends this. The Democratic House, with the Democrats and Insurgents in the Sen ate, revised the iron and Bteel sched ule. It is the homestead of the great est trust ever organized in the his tory of the human race. Within and about the iron and steel schedules more trusts and monopolies cluster than anywhere else on earth. Here, as in the woolen schedule, the rates of duty are unconscionably high. These commodities are also sold higher to our own people than to foreigners. These duties, too, were shielded and saved by President Taft from the big reduction which would greatly benefit the people and not destroy legitimate industry. And now they ask you to praise him for it. Ihe Republican party promised a revision downward and gave a re vision upward. So did President Taft. Yet, when the people have been be trayed, he went forth and praised the tariff bill that did it as the greatest of all tariff measures. This betrayal of the people's trust, this surrender to selfishness and greed, by their rep resentatives, is one potent cause of the great division and fall of the Re publican party which is now going on. b Tom Maine to California the cry for relief has gone up in vain, till, at last, the hour for redemption is at hand. Justice has had to travel with a leaden heel, but is ready to strike with an iron hand; and when she does, nothing will be left of those who have betrayed or robbed the people but scattered fragments. Widows' Pension; Increased Sal aries. In the appropriation bill passed by the Legislature was an item of $50, 000 to pay pensions to deserving wid ows of ex-Confederate soldiers. The Governor objected to the bill, and, this and certain other items were elimma ed to meet the objections of the Gov- ernor and make it so he would approve it. Many of the Governor's apologists have tried in vain to free him frem the responsibility of causing this ap propriation to be left out. Vain will be the effort in the future. The Sen ate and House proved that they both favored it by placing and keeping it in the bill. , Only when it fell under the Governor's "eagle eye" did it en counter trouble. He threatened to veto it. He had the meeting to consider it held in his rooms at the Executive mansion where he could attend. There, under his eye, the committee cut out what was objectionable to him. Among other things dropped wasthe widows' pen sion. But it did not stop here. Fortu nate for the Governor as professed watchdog of the treasury if it had. He had recently come to power; Dem ocrats had been put out of the offices and Republicans in. Many of the sal aries of the officers appointed, or to be appointed by him or his Republican officials, were largely increased. The Governor kicked not, complained not at this. New offices were created that more of the faithful could have fat jobs. The Governor was silent. In this notable conference, made un der the supervision of the Governor, the amount cut out of the general ap propriation bill was the net sum of $59,221.24, and out of the miscel laneous appropriation bill was the net sum of $59,236.14, making in the ag gregate a cut for the two bills of $118,457.38. The Governor has clam ored about the appropriation bills ex ceeding the revenues of the State by over $1,000,000. Yet the reduction in these conferences was .as indicated And of what did the reduction con sist? Of the widows pension appro priation. $50,000: for monument to Southern womanhood, $6,000; Indus trial School, $10,500; Blind School, colored, $10,000; Deaf and Dumb School, $25,000; for the insane, $2, 750; for the Printers' and Pressmen's Home, $10,000, or a total of these that are mainly charities, $114,250. It seems that while the conference committee made a total reduction of $118,457.38, there was added to the appropriation bills $20,000, in addi tion to certain salary und expense ac counts, increases aggregating $H5,C40. Counting the salary and expense ac count increases which the bills car ried at $85,040, it will be seen that the widows' pension appropriation of $50, 000, the monument to Southern wom anhood of $6,000, the Blind School appropriation and the appropriation for the insane could all have been saved had not these Increases in sala ries, expense accounts, etc., been made. But, alas, this is not the worst fea ture. In his annual message the Gov ernor said: "As now constituted tho Agricultural Department of Tennes see is manned by twenty official draw ing aggregate salaries of $23,500. The current public opinion is that many of these positions are sinecures from which the people derive little or no ben efit," One would suppose from the Gov ernor's utterances that he was a re former of "purest ray serene;" that he would have retrenchment in this Department or have a first-class fuss. Imagine my surprise when I find that although the appropriation bill, when it reached the Confer ence Committee, carried increases in salaries and expense account for the Agricultural Department alone of $31,800, and not one dollar of this di 1 Gov. Hooper require to be taken out and he allowed to go through and ap prove the increases of $600 per annum in the salary of the Clerk of Mine Inspector, and a stenographer to do the clerk's work at $1,000 per an num. This reform Governor, at the same time that he cut off the widows' mite and the orphan's bread, approved in creases in the salaries of his subaltern officials after the work had been done and paid for at the salaries fixed by law, thereby panning for their benefit retroactive Icainlation. But hear one more chapter concerning the Governor. This bill that he scruti nized with such care as to get taken from it before he would sign it the widows' pension, woman's monument fund, and appropriations for the lame, halt, blind, deaf-mutes and the in sane, contained another increase IT WAS A THOUSAND DOLLARS FOR USE AT THE GOVERNOR'S MANSION, and yet he did not pro test! "Oh, where was Roderick then? One blast on his bugle horn Were worth a thousand men." After all his criticisms of the Agri cultural Department and what he was pleased to call its sinecures and ex travagances the appropriations for it were vastly greater than those made under any Democratic administration in the history of the State. All of which causes me to remark that there are two kinds of watch dogs of the Treasuries. One kind barks at every disturbance and will let noth ing go wrong, the other is of the lazy "old Towser" kind that sleeps on and never barks when the family are around. And who are these noble impover ished women who have asked bread and by the Governor given a stane? These are the widows of the grand est generation of men the Southland has ever produced. Raised in luxury, they went from the parlor to the kitchen with smiles; they went from affluence to poverty without a sigh. When the tocsin of war was sounded and the braying horn and the scream ing fife sent the stirring strains of Dixie to every home, calling husband and son to the bloodiest fields of mod ern times, she unhesitatingly said, "Go." Then her own silent but glo rious battle began. She had no bright flag to urge her to stay on Glory's field. She heard no rattle of musketry and roar of cannon to inspire her. Hers was a long, monotonous bat tle for bread and clothes and protec tion for little loved ones. It never ended. It could not end with "father away." Alas! in many instances, father was doomed never to return, Again, she had girls just budding into womanhood, sweet young flowers, whose only protector was she. I see her now, with no husband or son to protect, often no lock on the door, sitting through the long night while the dear ones slept, not knowing when the foot of the intruder will desecrate the threshold or the hand of the rapine seize the door latch. And. praying, every praying, for the sleeping in nocents by her and the brave husband far away. Joan of Arc was no brav er; Mary at the Savior's tomb was no more faithful. And the husband who was prayed for never returned, but sleeps in an unknown grave. And her hair that was gold is gray; the step that was firm falters; the silent battle she fought is nearly ended; she can no longer support herself. And what will you and I do? Help her, or, like Hooper, turn from her? The Ti tanic of her ocean is sinking. The "Save, O Save" signal has been sent across the waste of waters. I have heard it, and let others do as they may, I intend to heed it. Hooper's Machine; Fat Frying. The Uovernor has taken occasion during his administration, if memory serves me correctly, to laud civil ser vice reform and to advocate the plac ing of officials under civil service rules. Let us see how sincere are his professions by examining the conduct of his administration and his cam paign. I have two letters in my pos session and could get others show ing that as applied to this administra tion all reform of the civil service is pretense mere sounding brass and tinkling cymbal. I charge that one of Gov. Hooper's principal appointees to a high and lucrative office. Chair man of his State Executive Commit tee, has been guilt of the indecency of assessing the officeholders under Hooper's administration a certain per cent of their salaries for campaign purposes to re-elect Gov.' Hooper; pre sumably that he may issue his hollow pretense for two more years in lauda tion of civil service reform. The let ters are written from the committee's headquarters, on the committee's let terheads and duly signed. I will not give the names of the poor unfortu nates to whom they are addressed for the obvious reason that it would cost them their official scalp, but after the address the following is the letter "Dear Sir: The campaign is now on in dead earnest, and love. all things we want to re elect Gov, Hooper. It requires a certain amount of funds to defray the legitimate expenses of the campaign, and those who hold po sitions under the administration are the ones to whom we look for these funds. Therefore, we here by ak that you send your check for $36.00, being 5 per cent of your annual salary, that being the amount of the assessment "I will thank you to end the amount by return mail. "Very truly, "J. S. BEASLEY, "Chairman State Executive Com mittee." He says "the campaign is now on in dead earnest, and above all things we want to re-elect Gov. Hooper." lie is correct in both propositions. For once the mask is thrown off and hy poensy is discarded. Not only are they assessing the employes under Hooper, but they have widened the jurisdiction, and according to a let ter published in the Banner of recent date, they are assessing United States officials serving in Tennessee for the same purpose, which if done in a Fed eral building is a clear violation of the law. But what is law to them if they can but fry enough fat out of the otlice-holderg to re-elect Hooper? let he prates about "machine pol itics, under this assessment pav ments have been made and, when ful ly enforced, it will yield thousands. Back Taxes. Our platform demands an overhaul ing oi oacK tax laws, ihe law pro vides how taxes shall be assessed. The Constitution requires that they shall be equal and uniform throughout the State, i Tax oppression and tax dodging should both be avoided in our admin istratton of the law. The small prop- erty holder is not the one who is sub jected to back tax assessments. His holdings are visible: his wealth is open; he could not conceal it if he' would; hence, the back tax assessor) has no terror for him. I do not sup pose that any one would justify big property holders in concealing their wealth from any tax assessor and col lector. The collections from this source in the last decade according to the reports of officials amounts to $1, 200,000. The law ought never to be so lax as to prevent a collection of taxes honestly due, nor to prevent col lections by either frnud or falsehood in the assessments. The laws on this subject should be so changed as to do away with the oppression complained of under the Act passed by the last Legislature and approved by Governor Hooper. It should he repealed or radically amended. Another change that is required is such as will pre vent the payment of unnecessary or excessive attorney's fees in tax cases. Wherever this work can be done by the Attorneys General, who are paid law officers of the State, no other em ployment should be made. While these fees are paid out of the penalties they nevertheless come out of funds that would go into the Treasury as surplus arising from penalty if not paid out for fees. Every change in the revenue laws which will econo mize collections and simplify and still leave the law efficient should be made. ! On this platform I stand. These are its provisions: "We declare and instruct for a thorough modification, revision and reconstruction of the laws of Tennessee with reference to the assessment and collection of taxes to the end that all property in the State may, with least expense and vexation to the people, be made to bear its proper and equi table tax burden, and to this end we declare and instruct for the passage of legislation which will insure: "1. That all taxes shall be promptly and fairly and equally assessed, and that all taxes, so nearly as possible, be collected while currently due without the necessity of vexations and ex pensive back tax litigation. "2. That current assessments may be so thorough and fair that the necessity for any back assess ment shall be reduced to an abso lute minimum, and shall be lim ited to the prompt, equitable and inexpensive back assessment of property which has been omitted entirely, or which as the result of actual fraud has been grossly and inadequately assessed. (6) We declare in favor of the passage of an act to the effect that after property has been reg ularly listed and assessed by the Tax Assessor and its value fixed or passed by County Board of Equilization, and after having passed the State Board of Equal ization, such property shall not be made the subject of back assess ments. "3. That with respect to the col lection of such limited back taxes as cannot, by the result of all dil igence, be collected while cur rently due, the collection Of such back taxes shall be promptly and inexpensively made and shall be made by the County Trustee aid ed by the County Attorney or District Attorney, and all the rev enue collected in the form of back taxes shall be converted into the Treasury. "4. That a Tax Commission be created and empowered to see that all tax assessments shall be thor oughly, uniformly, promptly and fairly made. "5. That in no case shall back tax litigation ever be expensive or vexatious, or productive of any burden to the citizen dispro portionate to the amount of rev enue to be collected. "To the end that Tennessee may be freed from any suggestion of impropriety, vexation and abuse, with respect to the assessment of current and back taxes, we here by pledge our nominee for Gov ernor, when elected, to appoint I and commission six competent men, two from each Grand Divis ion of tbe State, who shall be men whose views shall be well known to be in harmony with the reforms herein demanded and who will serve without compensation; and these six men shall formula a draft of a general ascssifW nt statute containing the Ideas here- in expressed; and this draft shall be made and perfected and placed before both branches of the Legis lature for their action as early as possible during the next Leg islative session." What Has Hooper Done? What constructive legislation has the Governor to his credit? What re form has he inaugurated? What great or good accomplishment will stand forth to distinguish him? Not one. There is nothing to raise hit administration above the level of com mon mediocrity. Having served the public so long and in so many capaci ties, if I had not been faithful and efficient in my service be had an ex cellent opportunity to show it by my record, yet, when he made his speech of acceptance a few days ago in Nash ville, and was threshing around for something upon which to build a hope, he did not dare assail a single official act of my four years as Governor, twenty years in Congress, nor in any other of the capacities in which I had served the public. I consider my self fortunate to have such a record as is beyond his attask after so long a service. In every office I have held my record stands for economy in pub lic expenses, watchfulness in the dis charge of public duty, fearlessness in the advocacy and promulgation of those principles and policies I believe best for my country. On taxation, in Congress, I fought ever against trusts, for reduction of tariff taxes, and was the author of Income Tax Law passed by Congress. During my adminstra tion of State affairs I succeeded with the aid of the Legislature in creating a Sinking Fund which has paid mora than $5,000,000 of our bonded indebt edness and shown our people that the remaining deot can be funded and paid in reasonable time without oppression. The uniform text-book law was passed, which improved the text-books, re duced their cost about one-third and directly find indirectly has- saved to the people very many hundred thou sands dollars. The law was enacted abolishing unnecessary offices, thereby saving $25,000 per annum. The peni tentiary was put under such manage ment as not only to be self-sustaining but to pay hundreds of thousands into the Treasury. A bill was passed rais ing the age of consent and protecting girlhood from rapine and ruin. We passed the laws for the examination of mine foremen and to make life more secure for those who have to labor in the mines; also the child la bor law, taking children out of fac- tories that they might be educated and grow up to manhodd and woman-, hood unhampered and unstinted. The factory inspection law was enacted. The Board of Pardons was created to insure more accurate information re garding pardons sought and the rule adopted of calling on judges and at torneys general for information con cerning pardon applications made by those convicted in their court. Fellow citizens, there are many oth er questions that I would love to dis cuss with you but time forbids. They are embraced in our platform, upon which I stand and with which I agree. I hope to take them up in future dis cussions in this campaign. You ask me what are our prospects? They are splendid, both State and National. We were beaten by only 11,000 and odd votes in this State two years ago, with 30,000 Democrats not voting, with out party divided and the Re publican party united. To-day there is not a county where Democracy is not in better fix than it was in 1910. There is not a county in which the Republican party is not m worse con , dition than it was in 1910. They are hopelessly divided, State and National, with two candidates for Governor, two jfor President and no pie counters in sight. We have the daily press, week- ly press, and people with us as we did , not have before, and our victory is I assured. But let us fight every hour as if the destiny of the conflict hung tnereon. in the residential conflict prospects could not be brighter. A united Democracy, a divided Repub lican party assures our success. Have you heard from Maine and from Ver mont? If so, you know from the wiping out of Republican majorities there that our triumph is certain. One word in conclusion. I come not to plead my cause alone, but also to urge you to vote for Woodrow Wil son, Thomas R. Marshall and Harvey II. Hannah and to implore you to stand by the Democratic nominees all along the line. I urge you in the name of not only our party but of our country to stand by the Demo cratic party from top to bottom in the contest. , It has been the great con servative force in government since the fathers framed this great Repub lic. It has upheld the Constitution; it has enforced the law; it has stood by the rights of the State; it has opposed the encroachments not only of the Government against the States, but the oppressions of the weak by the mighty hence it has resisted to the death of all force bills, all trust com binations and all robbery of the many for the benefit of the few. You old men in this audience, who were dis franchised and driven from the polls) in those days when Hooper's people had dominion, were taken by the hand, led back to the polling places, given the bgllot and made free. What would have been your fate and your chil dren's fate but for this bold and pa triotic stand no man living can tell. I therefore urge you to go to the polls and vote for the party which has been your defender and your coun try's benefactor. Do this and Hoop er will have to step down and out of the Capitol; Taft will no long4rulu in Washington, but Wilson will fee our President; the Democratic party will have complete sway and the country will enter upon an era of prosperity and happiness not known to this generation.