Newspaper Page Text
its Lawrenceourg Democrat "SEFUL FOR POULTRY r MILIUM III WCEKLTi MORE AND BETTER FARMERS. The why to cheapen food It point ed out by the bead of the bureau of aolla In the department of agriculture, but It la not a road by which we aha!) arrive at cur deattnatlon next year or the year after, and ten yrara hence there will be more of ua. the demand for food will be greater, and even with Incmaaed supplies there may be no real decrnoae In prices, aaya the Philadelphia Record. The cropa of the present year bare bad come little ef fect upon price. The abundant sup pliea of corn, oata and bay should re duce prices of all aorta of meata until another harvest season, but these mit igations of prices are temporary. The persisting fact Is that the Increase In fhe number of farmers, the Increase fn the area of tilled land and the In crease In production are not keeping pace wltb the growth of the popula tion. With all the Infinite variety of farm Implements and the hundreds of agricultural colleges and experiment stations, the quality of agriculture la not Improving at anything approach ing the pace of mechanical Improve ments. The country necda more farm er, and It needs more scientific meth ods of cultivation. Farming Is Im proving, but practical agriculture falls very far abort of possible agriculture. We need not expect to see the the oretically possible ever attended over vide area, but the prosperity of farming for the last IS years ought to keep In the Country the young men who are "til) crowding Into cit ies looking for wages of two dollars a day. and with all the scientific agrl esknral knowledge that we possess the yield per acre ought to be much greater than It la. Many Distinct Forms of Scratch ing Sheds and Runs. "Why." asks the clever painter of outdoor life, Adam Albright, denounc ing the billboards of Chicago, "why do the law permit a man to rent the landscape?" That la a new turn to the old thought, says the Boston Post The owner of a Held believes that be haa a perfect right to authorize an ad vertising company to disfigure Ita beauty with a' hideous row of bill boards, and so he has, legally. Yet he Is maintaining a nuisance as truly as the man who permits an evil smell or foul writer on his premises. Some day Gods out-of-doors will be freed from the curse of these nuisances to the eye. We have begun to free our parks already. The world la com ing to regr.rd the value of beauty as next to that of virtue and orderli Description of Two Good Onii Illus trated Described -Plan ef Lay ing House Bettsr Than Indi vidual Trap Nests. tBv It. O. WBATHERSTONB.) In casting about for a form of scratching shod to exactly fill the re quirements for my flock, the writer erected a range of sheds similar to yet different In small details, from many other sheda and rues used on the farms of successful poultry men. The covered part of each house measures tilO feet and la dlykfed Into three compartments, as follows: First the roosting bonse, 4x6 feet; second, the laying bonse. 3x4 feet; and third, the scratching shod, 6x3 feet The front elevation Is seven feet six Inches, sloping down at the back to about five feet six Inches, and save for the top most eighteen Inches the front Is merely wire netted. A trap door leads from the roosting to the laying house, to which Is attached bolting wires, by means of which the hens can enter wAen they are about to lay, but cannot return. Every two hours or so the attendant goes around and liberates the bens, which are all separately numbered, so maintain a strong and hialtby growth of herbage. One of the greatest difficulties to overcome when keeping fowl U to keep the land sweet but such mutt be accomplished If tho best results are to be achieved. Tulnted ground Is an almost certain forerunner of disease; even though disease be not actually engendered, the fowls are neither so healthy nor so vigorous, and consequently prove less profitable. As long as the grass can be kept growing, there Is little fear of foul ground, as the vegetable growth absorb so much of the manure. Another satisfactory form of build ing Is 128 feet long and ten feet wide, cut Into eight rooms 10x15 fret and a store room for feed 8x10 feet tn each of the eight compartments with runs attached thirty bens are kept. The floor space In the building is five square feet for each ben and la the runs 135 iqaara feet Some good poultrymen give cacb hen only four square feet within doors, so the al lowance In this respect Is liberal. Even with 135 square feet of out door space for each hen not much of a growth of green stuff can be main tained In the runs, the space being Intended more for exerciBe than for pasturo. ' U-V-J c V c V Sut f Qun. I Ml FERTILIZERS AT HOME Task Should Not Be Undertaken Un less One Is Equipped to Do Work In Proper Manner. 8 : 4 M I 7 7, Vj i n SOME THINGS PRESIDENTS MUST ENDURE The crop reporting board of the bu reaa of statistics of the United States department of agrculture estimates, from the reports of the correspond ents and agents of the bureau, that the total production of cotton In the United States for the season 1913-13 will amount to 6,612,335.000 pounds (not Including llnters), equivalent to 13,820,000 bales of 600 pounds, gross weight Last year's crop, according to the census bureau report was 15. 692.701 bales. The average annual crop for the five years 1906-10 was 11,874.270 bales. Chicago waiters have a clubhouse la which there is a library of 2,000 vol umes of the best authors, all bought with champagne corks, which the members pick up and sell for 13.60 a thousand. As the club Is nine years old. It Is possible to figure out. In a way, the extent of Chicago's Indul gence In champagne. A Roosting house, 4x6 feet; B. Laying house, 3x4 feet; C. Scratch ing shed, 6x9 feet; O. Gravel run, 9x20 feet; Grass run, 27x90 feet that In this manner the exact quantity of eggs produced by each ben during the season can be determined and a good laying strain built up. I think this plan of a laying house Is rather better than Individual trap nesta. and certainly Involves less labor and expense. Doors lead from the scratching shed Into both the laying and roosting compartments, the upper half of which are wire notfed to allow an abandanoe of frenh air to enter to the birds. Canvas blinds can be drawn down during severe weather over the front of the house, affording excellent protection to the Inmatea. The floor of the scratching shed Is kept littered wltb straw or dried leaves, among which the grain la always scattered, encouraging the fowls to take exercise, so essential a factor toward health and rigor. Extending In front of eai-h house there Is a gravel run. uncovered, measuring twenty times the width of If by means of test crops or other wise, the farmer has arrived at a definite conclusion concerning the fertilizer that be wishes to apply. It may be almost necessary for him to purchase the raw materials and mix them himself, declares a Kansas bul letin. If so ho should bear In mind that they should be aa Gnoly ground as practicable, and that be must mix them with extreme care If the prod uct Is to fulfill his expectations. Unless a uniform mixture Is made the several constituents of the fertil izers will not be distributed in the same relative amounts over bis fields. Unless they are finely ground they cannot be perfectly mixed, nor uni formly distributed through the soil and hence the crops cannot profit by them to the same extent For mixing fertilizers on the farm all that Is required Is a smooth floor, shovels and a screen of three or four meshes to the linear Inch. The fertil izers purchased, though they may bave been finely ground, are llablo to pack In the bags and become lumpy The rather coarse screen spe cified Is for the purpose of separat ing these lumps, which must be pounded up until all will pass through the screen. In mixing, the most bulky of the fer tilizers Is first spread out evenly on the floor In a layer a few Inches thick. The next In bulk la then spread even ly over this, and so on until all are spread out. The mass la then shov eled to one side In a ridge or pyramid In such manner as to mix the dif ferent parts as much as possible. The shoveling Is repeated two or three times, making three or four shovel Ings of it all together. Analyses made of home mixtures so prepared have shown that satisfac tory uniformity In composition may be obtained, and field experiments with such fertilizers have given re sults equal to those afforded by fac tory mixed fertilizers of the same composition. The Baving In cash out lay is considerable and is well worth attention. One should not undertakes home mixing, however, unless equip ped to do the work properly and. willing to give It sufficient attention to see that It Is well done. Fiercer than the proverbial "fierce light that beats upon a throne" la that which glares upon the office Into which Wodorow Wilson will be la ducted March 4. No crowned ruler upon earth Is an much the victim of the Inqulsltlva )b as Is the president of the United rates, who cannot Issue a mandata turning down the limelight that shines upon him, as did the German kaUer some time ago. when be cur tailed the court bulletin. Wilson will be tho greatest show feature, the biggest drawing card In the land, for the next four years. Thousands of men, women and chil dren. In a snakelike lino two squares long, will wait outside bis door to shake bis hand when he gives a pub lic reception. Everywhere he goes people will stare at hlra as though be were the Siamese twins or the sacred white elephant Only when shut In behind guarded doors will be escape the gaping multitudes, whose staring eyes will haunt his very dreams. Long before the end of bis stay In the White House be will fully realise the utter futility of hla announced plans to maintain the "open door" in the White House, and make himself accessible to all citizens who wlh to 'consult him. -. ACHIEVEMENTS OF GENERAL CROZIER l t ? jr.- rjr J .VIS RT.f . . Since the InBtructlve exhibit on tuberculosis which drew large crowds, eager to obtain information about the white plague, this modn of Impressing lessons on prevention of disease has become popular. Not only does It en list the Interest of Inquiring minds, but a more fundamentally important result is that tho graphla demonstra tion by diagrams, figures and epigram matic statements of facta arouses In the average visitor a deslrt to learn and to participate in tho movement, says the New York Sun. The people who have thronged the halls of the City college which haa been generous ly offered by Dr. Klnley to the national committee for mental hygiene, attest to tho deep interest In the exhibit of this committee. a Ml 90' JPL. V. VJ ML The announcement by Brig Gen. William Crozler. chief of the bureau of ordance. United 8tates Army, in hla annual report, that this Is bis last report on account of being re lieved from the command of the ord nance department and assigned to other duty, calls attention to the great services he has rendered to the army In his position as head of that very Important bureau. To the meeting of the great responsibilities of that position he has brought tho qualities of energy, studlousness, re ceptivity to new ideas and steadfast devotion to high Ideals that have lift ed his department Into a wider field of usefulness and efficiency. General Crozler was appointed chief of ordnance In November, 1901, and the department was then operat ing under the detail system as estab lished by the act of February 2, 1901. Previous to his regime the officers of the ordnance department had ac quired their education aa specialists that la, as engineers of ordnance aa best they might, teaching and training themselves as haphazard opportuni ties were offered by their various duties. The result was that only a part of the officers of the department were ablo to handle the engineering work con nectetd with the design or even the manufacture of guns, carriages, etc General Crozler, who, like all thorough men, realizes the value of solid groundwork in training, established courses of instruction under capable teachers, the most Important of which is perhaps the theoretical course in the application of mechanics, chemUtry and electrics to ordnance construc tion, which is pursued for a year at the Sandy Hook proving ground in con nection with the proof and experimentation work there. Any officer who has passed through that course will testify to Its completeness and to its ability to give an officer the solid foundation upon which to build his further train ing in ordnance work. VICEROY H ARDINGE'S TASK IS , .GREAT FRAMES TO PROTECT PLANTS Boxes, Twelve Inches Square, Covered With Cheesecloth, Will Answer Purpose Quite Well. The 14-Inch cannon which bursts at the test seems a concrete example of the old couplet: "If so Eoon I am done for, I wonder what I was begun for." But it Is more Judicious for it to burst on the testing ground than in action if it was ever to gel Into action. Wealthy and fashionable women In Goston have formed an association to discourage cruelty to animals In tb cauee of fashion. They have renounc ed meat as a diet, and given up the wearing of furs and Sfcntbers. which are procured at the cost of suffering to the fur bearing animals and to birds. They may not establish a large following, but that they are la earnest is proved by the sacrifices made, which are particularly hard fot xeJl-dressed women to Initiate. An athletic young woman in Wash ington who blackeneo a policeman's eyes was fined $60 for each eye in mourning, nut she probably thought the fame of such an exploit cbeap at -the price. Plan of poultry buildings and yards; A Compartments or pens, 10x15 feet for 30 hens each. There are S pens and the entrre building Is 128 feet long. B Yards and runs, one for each pen. Five of the yards are situated on one side ef the building and three on the other; they are approximately equal In area. O- Feed room, 8x!0 feet. the bonse. nine feet. It is surrounded by a Eix-foot fence, the lower part of which consists of wood or corrugated Iron, Burmonnted by four feet of two Inch EM8b wire Ditting. Thla gravel ran Is swept once a week and as much of the manure removed -as possible, the valne of which more than pays for the labor Involved. The fowls are considerably more upon t'ae gravel than upon the grass, thus the greater portion of the droppings is removed. Tbe gravel requires to be removed abont every twelve months. The large run, measuring 90 feet, by the width of the three houses, 27 feet is laid panted in grass, which we have found sufficiently large to To protect young plants from the late frosts and cold rains of spring, make some boxes twelve inches square out of four-Inch strips ol lumber, covering the tops with cheesecloths, writes a Louisiana wom an in the Southern Agriculturist TheBe not only keep out the rain, but keep Insects and other pests . away. We made five hundred of these boxes a few years ago for our early melons. We bought scrap lumber at a nearby mill, 6awlng It Into 12-Inch strip. We bought a bolt of cheesecloth at two and one-half cents a yard, and sev eral boxes of tacks. The entire cost of the five hundred frames waa ten dollars. Early melon vines are usually part ly destroyed by field mice or some Insect pest. We put these boxes over the hills as soon as planted. The cheesecloth seems to draw tho heat during the day and retain it through the night. The seed comes up quicker than where the hills are left exposed. No rulco. moles or Insects bother L. . . J. V- M fS.:kk m J For Conpons Out of the Dake's Mixture Sack Many men am I 4 F twftft ' ' v V 7 st Many men art. rf -. yi v: ; r j the Uggai&Mtn If ' 1 I mm fob Xvtof&&& Duke's Mixture sack. I'jirh 5e package bo Vis one and a half mares of choice Virginia and North Carolina leaf tbe kind yo will like do matter how you smoke it , i i cm Duke's Mi:.ture, made by tie IJggtit & llyrrt ToImcco Co. at Dur ham, N. C, is everywhere a favorite with smokers who want the tree taste of pure, mild, selected tobacco. We're making this brand the loader of i Its kind. I'ay what you will, yon cannot ret better granulated tobacco than Dukc'a Mixture. You still get tho same bifr one and a ' half ounce hack for 5c, and with each tck you now get a present coupon, Fltfclu Save the Present Coupons With tbe coupons you can art tunny handsome, desirable presents articles suitablo fur men, women, boys and puis. Something for every member of the household. Special offer tor February and March only Our new Illustrated catalogue of pres ents will be sent Frmu to anyone who ends us their name and addreu. Cnftmt trim PttAr't Mixture may t otmt.-4 aw tofi trvm HORSE SHOE. J. T TIN.SLCVS NATURAL LEAF. (MAHGFA TWIST, coupons Item t-UUR ROSES UOc tin d-mhl, tof), PI K PLUG CUT, PIEDMONT CIGARETTES. CUX CIGAR-fc-TTLS, and alhtr fast or wi&oml usutd by us. t h I? J 3 Address Premium Drpt 1M St Louie, Mo. Lj PRIME NECESSITY. When Edward VII, following that remarkable series of visits to Conti nental capitals which began In 1903, was acclaimed throughout Europe as the peacemaker, thsre were certain keen-faced old gentlemen in Downing street who allowed themselves the emotional relaxation of a quiet smile and registered tho thought at tbe samo time that a considerable por tion of the credit for the diplomatic success of those tours was due a young man of sarene temper and en gaging manner who waa attached to , hla majesty's suite. , Sir Charles Hardlnge was that man, and when almost colncldetftly with his appointment to tbe highest office In the gift of the crown the viceregal throne of India he was elevated to tho peerage In 1910 and became the first Lord Hardinge o( Penhurst, there was neither sufprls nor envy among the diplomatists of Britain, for It was recognized that hlj J and 1t was remembered that it had f GET The Real Villain. "Abo you tbe villain of this troupe T" asked tho baggageman who was haifc dling theatrical trunks. "No," replied tbe youth with black, curly hair. "I used to be, but the real villain Is the treasurer of the company, and by thla time he must be about five hundred miles on his way to somewhere west Washington Star Old Saw It's money makes the mare go. Young Buck And it takes big wads of It to make my automobile go. Friendly Blow. Louis Brownlow, Washington news paper man, paused In a drug store In Greensboro, N. C, not so long ago, to ask for a match. While he waa there a young colored chap came running tn with a big gash the whole length of his skull, and apparently a good deal put out about some accident that had befallen blm. "What's happened to you?" asked Brownlow, excitedly but sympathetic ally. 1 "A .Vlend hit me with a hatchet," replied the bleeding stranger. rise was only a natural development, been remarked of blm In the early days of bis career, even before the king showed him such decided favor, that he was a young man who would go far. Great talents for conciliation have always marked Hardlnge's methods, and it Is because of his success in this lino that the British government does not regard the recent unsuccessful attempt on his life as hs was entering Delhi as an indication of a general unpopularity of the policy of the govern ment In India as represented in the person of the viceroy. When It wai learned that Hardlnge's injuries were slight, relatively little anxltv wa fn them. 'The young plants are protect-! over the incident in London; the outrage was held to be the act of an lndi ed from the beating rains and grow vldual and not reflective of the Indian subjects of the empire, off beautifully. in Hardlnge's speech, after accepting the appointment to the vlceroyaltj We always remove the frames aa n London on October 20, 1910, he said he would "strain every nerve to con soon as the weather gets warm. We dilate all races, classes and creeds." choose a cloudy day, or wait till near-1 ly night to take the boxes from the hills. We leave them by the hills, however, so in case of a late cold spell we can replare them quickly. The plants are extremely tender and cannot stand the cold as well as those that have never been covered. They get toughened in a few days, how ever, and we have seldom had to re place boxes. Anyone wishing to raise tomatoes, melons, or anything for early market will find these little hot-houses very valuable. They can bo made at odd times during the winter, and pay for tbemselvos in plants saved. Prefers a Big Ton. Customer 1 want a ton of coaL Dealer Yes, sir. What size? Customer Well, If it's not asking too much, I'd like to have a 2,000 pound ton. SCURF ON BABY'S HEAD Campbell, Va. "I used Cutlcura Soap and Ointment for Bcurf on my baby's head and they made a complete cure. It came on her head soon after birth. It broke out in pimples and Itched and she would scratch it and cause sores to form. Her head waa very sore and her balr fell out la bunches. She was very croe and fret ful and could not sleep at night I tried many remedies, all failed, then f tried Cutlcura Sotp and Ointment and they commenced to heal at once. J put the Cutlcura Ointment on, and a half hour after washed her head with the Cutlcura Soap. I used them a month and she was cured entiroly." (Signed) Mrs. W. B. MeMullen, Mar. 8, 1912. Cutlcura Soap and Ointment sold throughout the world. Sample of each free with S2-p. Skin Book. Address post-card "Cutlcura, Dept L, Bostcn." Adv. .. J Not a Complaint "Miss Brown," said tbe art Inspec tor, pausing before a student's easel, "you might with all propriety worship that drawing of yours." The poorest pupil In the class looked up, surprised and pleased. "I'm so glad you like It, sir. But why wfcy " "The Bible cxpre&sly commands tw not to worship the llkeneaa of any thing In the heavens above or la th earth beneath, does it not?" DAKOTA UNIVERSITY HONORS STEFANSSON Every once In a while somebody dls ccvtr that the bobblo skirt Is 5.000 year old Let us remind the ecien thtla and historian that Marco Polo discovered tbe bustle among Asiatic onwt in the thtttcrnth centurv. . . - Fertflizmg Garden Plats. It pays large returns to fertilize the small frslt and garden plats. It Is not uncommon for potato and straw berry growers to apply from 20 to $30 worth of commercial fertilizers on ground that Is considered to be ex tremely rich and It always pays them to make the application. Even whea soil la excessively rich hocacEe of the previous application of stibte maun re there Is liable to be a deficiency cf mtneral elements and It is necessary to apply some form of fertilizer that is rich In those elements. Too Many Scrub Stallions. Sixty-one per cent of the stallion In use la the middle west are grades, and many of them are scrubs. These animals are only kept In business by the low service fees. Saving $5 or $10 on the service lea, ad losing $75 or $100 on the colt 14 muktns money backwards. Honored by tbe University of North Dakota, from which he waa once expelled, V. Stefansson, tbe fa mous arctic explorer and discoverer of the "blond Eskimo," is delivering a series of lectures at his alma ma ter. The now famous explorer was expelled from the university In Feb nfary, 1902, when a majority of tbe faculty decided that he had a bad Influence on other students. The de cision was reached after Stefansson had apparently been the instigator In a number of escapades and had remained away from classes for In definite periods. He waa always ready with excuses, however, and in variably passed his examinations with high marks after a few nights of vigorous "cramming." One story is told of a subject in which he attended class but three times and secured a mark of 95 per cent., tbe highest in tbe class. I "Mr. Stefansson." said the pro fessor, "will you explain how you received that mark." ( "Well, professor," was the atartling reply. "1 would undoubtedly hava rttten a perfect esaminlii except for the fact that I attended a tow clues and they were very ci-nfulng" E i i J GONSTIPATIOI , Munyon's Paw-Paw ,T" fc PillsaraunlilMtallnth. er laxatives or cathar tics. They coax the liver into activity by gentle methods, they do not scour; they do not gripe; they do not weaken; but they do start all the secretions of the liver and stom ach in a way that scon puis these organs in a healthy condition and corrects constipation. Munyou's Paw-Paw Pills are a tonic to tbe stomach, liver and nerves. They invigorate instead of weaken; they enrich tbe blocd instead of impover ishing it; they ena'ole the stomach to get all the nourishment from food that is put into It Price as cents. All Druggists. ?j'vi The Man Who Put the EEa In FEET Look for Tills Trale-Mrk Pic ture on tb Label wlxn buyinr ALLEN'S FOOT-EASE tnuie-Mitrk. Ai t, Ackiat Frrt. Sold fiery-whcr,-V. Surit)e FKFK. AV1it, ALIEN fi. OLMSTLOw Lc Bay. N. Y. SORfl f 4 taOBfc SoUkrDmMs. 11 To Pep Corn. Very often corn will sot pop quick ly, even over a very hot fire. If you will put the corn to be popped in e sieve and pour cold water over It not allowing the water tc stand on the corn, it will not only pop Quickly,' but the open kernels will be larger ancj lighter and more taky than they oth crwise would havt teen. Enough to Scare Anybody. "I had an awful scare last night" "What happened V "My husband bad been reading about the war In tbe Balkans and h mentioned tbe names of a kit of thoe Turkish towns In his stam. Accounted For. "Why Is it so few women look welt in a steamer capT" "I guess because it Is a handy cap. Hla Statue. "Is that druggist well thought of to the community r - "Sure Isn't he a plB-er of church?" H loner Up. "I suppose you have tried motoring, judge?" he asked. "No, I have not," replied the Judge, "but 1 have tried a lot of people who bave." Pathfinder. No. "Mrs. Plodgltt gets all bcr gowu from Paris." "She doesn't get bcr French acccci from tiiere."