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W'rlttiin for t! lion s Journal.
R0PR CULTIVAIIOW OF LAUD. Messrs. Editors : Looking over the first number of your paper under its new name I was pleased to see a portion devoted to Agriculture, a branch of productive labor in which all have one common interest, and which appears to me, in Franklin County, is demanding the attention of every farmer. With oil admitted to be, not the strongest yet, beautiful, kind and easy to till with a subsoil in many parts of supe rior character, neither too tenacious nor too open and porous, and whic has been proven by experiment to be when turned up to the sun andatmos phcre, very productive, now cannot such land be made the very best by propjr treatment ? First keep it from being trampled and poached by stock in wet weather during fall, winter, and early spring; then plow deep with good turning plows, -carefully iave and judiciously apply all the ma nure not only that is made but all that can be made. The soil would then become deep and loose, would let ex cess of winter sink below the roots o plants, and like the sponge would ab sorb the dues and moisture beneath when there was deficiency of water ; It would admit of light and air, both of which are requisite to germination and growth. Grass seed when sown on such soil will take deeper root, will not throw out to readily by the frost, nor dry up by the sun. I would suggest that some of your intelligent farmers (and you have multitudes of that class) try at "Igst a small lot in this way, then grass down with eight quarts of clover and four quarts of timothy seed to the acre. Mix and sow early in the spring. Pasture very light the first year, leaving a small part to cover and protect the root in winter. The next year do not let it get more than six or eight inches high before turning on stock. Crop it smartly, then let it $hoot up, then crop again, leaving all the tima sufficient to protect the ground from sun but not enough to smother the root. With this treat ment if it does not grow well, pay well, perpetuate and renovate well, then I have judged incorrectly of your climate and soil. If I mistake not it would develop the resources of the soil and satisfy -t I .1 . .1 tit me larmers inat iney are now noiuing Stf,.atheir hands the elements of immense ,7 h. It will prove another fact, , ' nt witli rrni nam nn1 inli!mia " . Ml ppucauon oi manures it win en hance the value of products of the ,,y sou cnougn over me present system in w ; this county to give to each child in it a cood English education. .: The injury done to fruit trees by feeding or letting stock of all kind trample, bruise, and in various ways injure, is a matter of impoitance. Fine young orchards arc rapidly sink ing to decay from these and titnilur causes. The large stock of hogs kept by moBt farmers soon destroy nn or chard when fed among the trees. Look, farmers, and see for yourselves, AN OBSERVER. How to Prevent Scarlet Fever A writer iu the Bostrn Post says, "a globule of Belladonna, taken every morning by each and every member of the family adults, children, scr vants, and all inmates, will certainly prevent the spread of the dmadfu disease (scarlet fever) lr every house hold that may adopt it, as certain as vaccination will prevent the amall-pox.- Ten cents will purchase a year's supply. It may be obtained from any -iHcepatbist. . J trust all who have this ,adful disease cif nej . tinrliood rn rv this slmolo meat, and those -ho do not find true I hope, will say sd trough your this matter may p& nm mpaOVJSHENT OP FARMEE3. This is a subject in which every na tion, but more particularly an agri cultural one, as this country most es sentially is, is deeply concerned. This natural, varied, highly useful, and in teresting occupation of farming, is the nursery ot the best qualities o the human heart and head. It is in general as great a safeguard of the liberties, as it is of the passions of mankind. It counteracts the inroads of a too greatly injurious luxury of living, while it cultivates utility and true happiness, rather than any false ambition. It would be a desirable ob ject if philanthropic statesmen would direct their attention to the patroniz ing all undertakings that lead to the encouragement and stability of agri cultural pursuits among the people, the chief of which arc agricultura schools on the part labor system, by which the sons of farmers might re ceive an excellent general education as well as that of their particular call ing, instead of being liable to the evil example of the bad society that in fests, more or less, all towns and cities. Experimental farms tc try new breeds of stoc k, new crops, new implements, new operations, and new plans of management would bo highly advisa ble. It is to be hoped that public at tention will be at length, and it is tru ly astonishing that it has not been before, aroused to this most important matter connected with the welfare and happiness of the human race. The plan of agricultural schools might very properly, aye, and profitably and charitably be extended to the educa tion of the poor and orphan children of the different States. What is the object of government but to uphold the weak and guard them from op pression, and place all men upon the footing of a happy equality as far as I possible, wilhout injuring either the rich or poor ? Prussia has reduced crime and pauperism 33 per cent by her school systems, agricultural and otherwise. Facts speak for them selves, and agriculture must bo more elevated than it is, both morally and physically. The farmers, by uniting together, and electing men for the leg islatures to forward their just views, can alone accomplish this. Tool House. Every farmer ought to possess a house of this kind, and make all his laborers return their tools after labor, to keep them dry and in good order. i read of a uohse. l he manner in which a horse sets down his feet when in motion determines as follows it is reckoned good if firm, and with out his resting upon one side of the foot more than upon the other. If he sets his heels first to the ground, then it is a sign that he is unsound in his feet. If he sets his toes first to the ground, it shows that he has been a draught horse; therefore, in a good saddle horse, the whole foot should be set down equally at the same instant of time, and turned neither out nor in A Thins which every Farmer should Know. If you wish to drive a cut nail into seasoned oak timber, and not to have it break or bend, just have a, small quantity of oil near by and din the nail before driving, audit will never fail to go. In mending carts and plows this is of great advantage, for they are generally made most of oak wood. In straightening old nails before using, let it be done on wood, and with easy blows. If done on iron they will be sure to break. Waffles. To a quart of milk add five eggs, one and a quarter pound of uower, half a pound of butter, beat ug2rWbU t08etherS waen baked, sift make the4iLmam?tt 00 them' If ou bake tUoT i Wore il " tinw t0 BEARDLESS BARLEY. The following letter was sent to the Chattanooga Advertiser by Mr. J. W, Briggs, of Macedon, N. Y., together with three beautiful heads of beard less barley, which he regards as a great desideratum, and which, he says, came from the Himalayan Mountains in Asia. "Barly without beards 1 It is even so. A variety has been discovered in the gulches of the Himalayan Moun tains, entirely free from those annoy ing and poisonous beards attached to all our common varieties. j" The undersigned obtained seven grains of this new variety three yertrs ago, and being much pleased with p general appearance and productive-' ness, Jias spared no pains to multipli this small quantity as fast as Ahl Shanghais and other birds would af low. ! Its merits for grinding or maltin? have not been tested, and the quantii; is now too small to squander in tp way, when every tiller oi the sou wi sees it is anxious to have a few grain, not doubting it will prove a valuaL'e acquisition. . I have sufficient how? er. to furnish all persons who wil'be likely to see this notice with one had each, containing 30 to 50 grain Send me vour address on a stanifid envelope, and I will enclose a hid and send it back by return mail vtu printed instruction for cultivation a way to insure a large return fnn a small quantity of seed. Sho'lldhis new variety be found to answer althe purposes of the common barley; aew years will serve to drive the "Bney Beards" from the country. f Should any person desire morehan the one head, I will send a packe of 700 to 800 grains securely envopad by mail, postpaid for25cents,acom panied with a few heads to pisfa the fact of its bciu2hfardles,i. ... ' j , . Address J. W. BPJGCS, Wrcst Macedon, Wayne Co., . Y. Rice Pcdmng. If you wanti com mon rice pudding to retain it:flavor, do not soak it, or put it in to bd when the water is cold. Wash it,' ti it in a bay, leave plenty of room fir it to swell, throw it in when tie water boils, and let it boil about an hour and a half. I Travel. It is a good practice for farmers to get on their n:gs Some times to see what other pede are 6b ing. If our farmers in Fraiklin com ty would all form the habi of occas ionally riding to see notd farmejs, and observe their system :ith a vieA' of improving on it if poiiblc, andto make enquiries, it wold not e long before our county's fowth would take the premiums at adjiining courfy fairs. Men who are confined dl their lives to one spot c vicinity, ne essarily contract a too limited rang of thought. As it wil not. be mary months until our nel "Agricultunl and Mechanical Fair,' we hope to se a spirit of praiseworthy strife amoig our farmers to see wio shall have tie premiums to be awarded then, i A part ot the faraly descendant of Oliver Cromwell, it is said, liv- in C 1 ay county, Indiam. They are rm- ers, and still keepnp the name 0.' Oli ver in every familr. 1 What an absurd as well as farba rous act to cut off a dog's tat'; yon might as well eta out his tongie. In fact a dog talks ar less with his ongue than he does vith his tail. Vith his tail a dog excesses not onl; grati tude, as Fidodid, but hope, htreaty, complacence, affection, Ion obedi ence, wrath, Aame, defianceear and frolic. It is clear, then, tfct in de priving a dqj of his tail, yci deprive him of an organ of speed'. Black wood. j! New Cod. Congress, aits last ses sion, gave orders for the ituance of a new species of money, lis now out. It is a pretty coin, andj a great im provement on the presot unwieldy and filth; copper cent It is about the size f a quarter eilo, but much thickenmd nearly thef olor of Ger- mnt 1 mm tr. it E. PURVIS. WM. 1TIEB. . PURVIS & SLATT PEINTB iD PUBLISHERS OF WESTER . I . . . . TMSBSEE. y' gre8l'y encouraged ntil0spect jjjjn us, and intend to tab ur ut wJji efforts to come up to pulJiccxpcc t8il()n in supplying the couniji a ro 0o family newspaper. TBo incour cement wo have already receive chcors uSttith the hope that we wiljbible to jute it useful to every clnssJin'Uiluing unlli at which will tend to thdr 'lvanco- nt and promotion a paper vrthy ol 1 e - 1 r t:i ;(ir patronage and choerful upport TERMS OF SUBSCRIPT0N. V ADVANCE f.d 2 00 Hi inn 01 a. mull uio a " iV THE END OF THE YEAR1. 3 00 TO CU BS: I copies $5 00; 10 copies 15 00; 5 copies ; 8 00; 15 copieji 20 00, WE HAVE AT THIS OFFSE THE BEST SELECTEI AND COSTLIEST ASSORTIENT OF MATERIALS EVER. BROUGHT TO T) TOWN. WE ARE PREPAREDrO DO ALL KINDS Of LETTER PRESS PRIOTG, IN A STYLE NOT EX.CLLED BY , Sim Jlto IN OR OUT OF Tffl SlATE! WE ARE READY Tf( BRlf T HAND-BILLS . from th: LARGEST TO TME SMA1 LEST S3 tl 22 Iffio Goods Bills, Shov Horse and Jack BilIs,rrograkninc8, Testers, Cards, Circulars, Time Luitcls, Z!occij9, Enwlopes, lii'l IIiads, Fuiifhil Tlctcts. BLANKS Of cverr kind, vrinted oilino papeii anJ for sale t $1 00 per quire , Lh. t. & s. STEWART: J w. STEWART PROPIflETOR WF.ST SIDE PUB squak: liSnrfrcestooro', fills house hus beer Tenncsee. recently titled up. and nevvlv furnished. The Proprietor will spare no pains to make i a first thss Hotel, and hopes to receive aliiral sharejof patron' age. in tr.fi i. l uuruury iu, sv iy . Rutherford tslegrabh, PUBLISHED AT MUnFRlESBORO, TENNESSEE, Wi T. t.OTT, noPKiEToK, R. S. N0RTHCOTT, Botor. f (Kr American in polific; Circulation 1,000, -4- Terms, $2 per annum, imdvance. July IV ly SIMS' 1IOJSE, North-East corner of te Public Square, WINCHESTER, TENNESSEE. Mrs. Sims, formerly f the Winchester Spring8,hn9 opened a hoU3 of PUBLIC EN TERTAINMENT in tho own of Winches- ter, where she would bo jaaeed to receive a portion of the Public Pattiaga. She pledges herself to render all cotfortable who may give her a call, promising j furnish her tab's with the best the country fords. Marl3 I tf ADAM HABOCK, LICENSED AUCTIONEER, WINCHESTER,' TaNNESSEE. Will attend promptly tojtl business in his line with which he ma bemtrusted. Winchester, October 10,1956. ly- IIOUGHTOIf LOUC (IMILLEB, DRUGGISTS, ASD SEALERS IN OOKS AND t. MCT ARTICLES, PAINT!, OILS, &c. &C, Wlnchftter, Temcssee. (r Prescriaions filled al all hours. July26,'50-iy. H. & L. COACH MAYING. J. M. BURROUci Would inform be citizens of this county and the rest of maikind generally that he contin ues to make em fine buggies' tad carriages of every description to suit the taste of any one that wii;ive him a call. Repairing one on liberal terms. Winches, March 8, 1856.1 Wagon tt Sale. A numbe one Wagon, suitable fof either two or four horsi. It is new. with ironfclee and good body, this offio Apply BUSINESS CA mm 1 1 B. W.HOJ LOOIIMILLEB at NASHVILLE. New and Extenn stock of BOOTS AND SHOES. JOHN KAIflUcift 42 COLLEGE ST., ASHVILLE. I have just received ed a tirg of Bois, rge supply of Fall and Winter etock Slides anu dto gans for city and countri trade, to which 1 invite the especial nttenoi of Merchant and othera who purchase by the package or dozen. i i ' The best and most fasliionIo Shoos, or the latest styles, and very beatiful for ladies, missoa and children. Gentlemen's Super FronchDress and Dou ble Solo water proof Boots, $oes and Gaiters. This description of stock ca&ot fail to please in quality and price. ' , . Heavy stock of every daiription of Calf and Kip manufacture tor m and women's wear. i Necro Brogans, oinglo andlouble solo, and Mud Boots, extra size. .' Solo Leather Trunks, Valics, and Travel ing Ba"s, Slc.,Slc, all of wich will be sold at very low prices . JOB RAMAGE. Dec5 1 DRYG0O1S. THE undersigned aro ,w roceiving and will have ready for exlbition by the 20th inst., the largest andbest assorted stock of American, Enph, French, German and Swiss FANCY OOOIS. They have ever had th pleasure to show to the Retail Merchat. They have spared no pains nor cxpenf in getting up a Stock from which all closes of Mer chants can select their i ssortments.--They have made lurgcr inestments this season in J FINE GOODS Than they have over donebefore and re spectfully solicit an examiiation of their stock from the retniler. vjhn visiting the city believing that with to VEKV LAKGE ASSUT!HENT And low prices, they willbo able to of fer inducements to all. '( MORGAf & CO., No. 40Public Square. Nashville, Aug. 14, 180. THE GENTLEIEM'S EMPOMUM! NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE. THE 8ubecrbiers are noirepared to say that their stock of Fall andVinter Clothing is suprior to any they have,fewr ceforo offered in this city, comprising evefjarticle that gen tlemen have occasion for,!ether for adorn ment or comfort. Our gairents are made up in Philidelphia in the mostBitistantial manner by experinced and tasteful urorkmen, whoso services are devoted to our pn especial trade, and as they are better paid tlan tailors gener ally they are expected to b all that can be done to ronder their work ery way neat and durable. It is needless to Numerate the mul tiplicity of articles embraced in an establish ment like ours, as everv one is aware that, to do so, would be trespassing upon the col umns of our editorial friends beyond tho ac corded limits. Suffice it 10 say that our stock of ffentlemon's and youth's clothing is com plete, and that every article in the furnishing department may to round here. We take pleasure in saying that .we have recently se cured tho services of the celebrated cutter "II arvet," well known to every gentleman in Philadelphia as the rcan who never tails; the 6ystem he cuts by is unexceptionable, which combined to superior judgment has en abled him to acquire an enviable reputation in hij vocation. He Wnow prepared to take measures and to exhibit 1 stock of piece goods (Cloths, Cassimeres, and Vestinss) that any gentleman can select rnm to suit his taste. uctai Lxmua & AtJijun. Piano Forte, Looking Glasses, &c m 4 r. riu:i:.n.hv, DEALERS IS Pianos, Meloileons, Window Shades, Artist's Materials, Cabinet Makers' Materials, Oil Paintings and Engravings, French Window Glaet, &c. Manufacturers of Gilt Mantle and Pier Look ing Glasses, Portrait and Picture Frames, Inside Window Blinds, &c, No. 12 College St., Nashville, Tenn Mario f HUGHES BUOTUEBS, AmbrotTpe, Photographic and Da guerrean Artists, 20 Union Street, Nashville, AMBROTYPES. PHOTOGRAPHS, plain or colored in Oil and warranted as perma nent as any other style of painting. Daguer reotypes, btaneotcopic, Crayon or vignette, and every other style of Pictures taken at this establishment in the highest style of the art, and warranted to please or no sale. Ambrotypcs. Although these beautif ul pictures were but recently introduced by the subscribers in this city, they have become so popular that we have, at a very great expense, secured the services of a celebrated artist from New York to attend to this branch of the business exclu sively. Bring along the Juveniles. Children can. by this process, have a faith ful likeness taken in a few seconds, and war ranted perfect or no charge will be made. Bring them along and have them taken before trying elsewhere. A full assortment or Ambrotype, Photo graphic and Daguerrean stock and apparatus kept constantly on nana ana lor sale at tne lowest market cash prices. Mario ly FUBN1TURE DEPOT. No, 16, College, St., NASHVILLE, TENN. ffr-All kinds of Furniture. Cloelci. I always on hand and for sale Wholesale and Keiau. , 1 Mario ly A. if. no SCO E, Iff. Suceesaor to W. F. Gnr. WHOLESALE AND HETAIL I) R IT ft It T S T . Dealer in lledicines, Paints, Oils, Dye Stuffs, ate, corner or uroad and Market Streets, . 5ASHVILLE,' TENN. marl5 j . . U St. CLOUD HOTEL. D. Tj SCOTT, . PROPRIETOR CoraeaTlprlnr and Hammer Street MISCELLANEOUS, EAST TENNESSEE ARBLE WORKS, BY CHARLES SCHMITT, Kne)vlllv Tennessee, Connues the business of Marble Manufac turing it the old stand, adjoining William Ingle'sMills and Ware Rooms, on Cumber land SUet, opposite the Coleman House, and wet of Coffin's old stand, where he keens ccetantlv on hand a large assortment of work,Wh as Monuments, Tombs, Grave stones, Stouary, Fountains and Urns, of the latest sly and of the finest and best East Tennesselarble, which is highly spoken of here and ofewhere. He haaitiad exDerience in Mardle Mann- facturing r the last twelve years, especially in the latest cities or Europe, anu in tne United Staes; he 'flatters himself that hi feels able tifill all orders concerned with the abovo busies to a satisfaction, at short notice and cheapetban the cheapest. , DrawingBr the above work will be sent to any Post Ofce in the State ; so persons abroad have a chaie to purchase by letter, as well as if they wre here personally. OCrThelEast Tennessee Marble Works received th) premiums offered by the Fairs held at Lodon, Tenn., October 23d, 1855, and at Knojiille, October 30th, 1655, forth oesi worK lniviaroie. Refer to Imes Harris, C. R. Embrey, E. S. TempletoaNathan Frizzell, and others, ia Winchester. C. M. FARMER, agent for Franklin couty. Particular stent ion will be paid to boxmr and packing fr transportation. Feb 3S 'DO 1. ly BATIIINGiALOON AND BARBEU SHOP. Henry, theBarber, calls the attention off , the citizens of fVinchester and vicinity to bit EXCELENT BATH ROOMS he has just fittkl up in connection with hit - UAtbER SHUr. These Roomswre supplied with water from two of tho best Gsterns to be found anywhcrf, holding near fo- hundred barrels. Warm, Cold, Shower aal Pouring baths, al."o an Ak cending Doucheivery convenient. He feeli confident that becr facilities for bathing earn not be found anjwhere North or South.- V And as the denizing of tho body is a thiii, conducive to heah and pleasurt-. he flatten himself tlmt he will receive a liberal patron: age. bhaving an nair-uressing also conti 1; , ued as usual, aitertne most approved stvles. A supply ot thallncst Cigars always a hand. V UKJNJKy.theKarber. Mar2'J t Km Mtket Street. Two doors forth of the Square, orriiTE the ins, Nash vile, Tennessee. W. L. HERR having taken charge if I this house, is pn nred to acccominodaie ill : who may tavor 1 with a call, with com rooms and board about half the charges uf the large hotels Thankful for the liberal patronage heretntye extended, he solicits a. continuance of theiiame, and hopes trgive en- tire satisfaction horses. Good accommodation for ftr House opr at all hours, and meili furnished to suit Rjilrond time. February 16, 'Cf-tf. CROWD V. CROWD!! AT A. J OUt DAN'S STORE, Why 1 To purchase the best batams ever offered in Winchester. He has jut rsturneo with a large stock of Christmas Articles, JVI J UWU9) , Confcctionaries, 1 f Toys and VaHcti ; ' We think he ought to be competen to giw satisfaction to his customers both as !o price; and to a good selection of goods, ba ng hw v- ten years experience in one of toeugrgrn houses in Paris, (FRANCE), that grbt me tropolis ol taste and fashion. . I .We would say to the public, if vol rood bargains and cheap goods, go i want lid Kt Jourdan, as there are but few in thejr many satis that daily throng his store that are noi tied with him after trivm? him a triai Decl9 . ROBUSOIV Sc II A CABINET MAKERS, Winchester, Tennessee. 1 u-. THANKFUL for past favors, beg leaVM. ; inform meir irienos ana aa j,uuivB--j..f that they still continue the Cabinet Busin? ; f at their new house, South-east side oRtfc ' n II' rt m.T' I . Tnn I 1 1 . ruouc square, vincoesior, 1 FUBIMTUBE I : r. 1 j n. m.ila In ATHflf. Krl. uonsinniij on uauu, ui u.-- ----- r jt L . -J r 1. ,.U1alaraA. una old litn.' ture repaired. Mattresses made to ordahu- short notice. Coffins made and convey & - r al . t.iitKMit orri r any pari 01 me cuuiht . . , February 16, ,56 ly. PHOTOGRAPHY. . 1 A .-.,,tA (A 1 am now prepareu 10 emri ' best style of the art, ' .A AMBKOTlTlTPIIOTOORAPIly D A G V E rI TfT? at m, rnnmi vr Pni,rVitnn xM 0 1 1 1 ' " Those' w-ibine miAiatures, " I u, , I . intnoroiype i nave rec"j - i .... duceand succeed far beyond 1 ' sanfaoa expectationa. They ie s .V threat improvement otbi the raS"8,! ') ryp. both in beauty of appearance facilitj of execution, y t ' tken before they can ha timeto fflOl Satisfaction in all case. 8,'SI5J charge. J. W. HOUGHTON j unnr on your children tney i i 4 il - I m m mm Dte ir - 1 lASHYtLLE, TE.rxtS8C. s 1