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flf ADVANCE $ 2 00 WITHIN SIX MONTHS 2 60 AT THE END OF THE YEAR. . 3 00 INDUCEMENTS TO CLUBS. 3 copies $5 OOj 10 copies $15 00; 3 copies 8 00; 15 copies 20 00. jjflp Subscriptions for a shorter time t&an on year roust be paid in advance. $2T Single copies sold at 10 cents. BLANKS Of everj kind, vrinted on flno paper, and of tie at 81 00 per quire, cash. YOUNG MAN YOU'RE WANTED. A woman wants you. Don't forget her. No matter if you are poor. Don't wnit to be rich; if you do, ten to one you aro cot fit to be married. Marry while you re young, and struggle up together. But mark, young man, the women does'nt want you if she is to divide tho afloctions with a cigar, spittoon, or whiskey jug. Neither does sho want you if you can't take care of her and the "little after thoughts' which are pretty sure to follow. Neither does she want you simply because you are a man, the definition of which is too apt to be an animal that wears bifurcated garments on his lower limbs, quarter section of stove-pipe on his head, swears like a pirate, and is given to filthy practices generally. She wants you for a companion, a helpmate she wants you to have learned to regulate your appetite and passions, in short sho wants you as if you wero made in the image of God, not in the likeness of a beast. If you are strong in a good purpose, firm in resistance to evil, pure in thought and action as you require her to be, and with out which inward purity neither ol you are fitted for husband or wife; if you love firtue and abhor vice, if you are gentle manly, forbearing'and kind, an 1 notloud talking, exacting and brutal, yourg man, that womon wants you; that modest, fair, cheerful, right-looking, frank-spoken wo man, we mean, who fills your idoa of maiden and wife. It is she that wants you marry her when you like,- whether you are rich or poor; we'll trust you both on the above conditions, without further security. How to Mend China From nn Eng lish almanac we cut a receipt for mend ing China, a long timo since, and the op portunity having occurred for trying, we found it admirable, the fracture scarcely being visible after the article was repair ed. It is thus made tako a veiy thick tolution of gum arabic in water, and stir it into plaster of Paris until the mixture becomes a viscous paste. Apply it with a brush to the fractured edges and stick them together. In three days the article cannot again bebroken in tho same place. The whiteness of tho cement renders it doubly valuable. Exchange. One who has hud some experience, thus defines "wilJ oats;" "A cereal crop that is gonerally sown between eighteen and twenty-five; the harvest usually sets in about ten years after, and is common Iyfound to consist of a broken constitu tion, two weak legs, a bad cough and a trunk filled with small vials and medical prescriptions. An author of a love story in describing bis heroine, says: "Innocence dwells in the dark clusters of her hair." A wag gish editor suggests that a fine tooth comb would bring it out. Mutton vs. Poruc. Physicians rec ommend mutton as the most wholesome meat the easiest digested, and tho best suited to invalids, while pork, as every body knows is the most unwholesome Hesh eaten. In England mutton is a fsvorito dish, and we apprehend itisin this, rather than to roast beef, that the Englishman owes his robust health and rosy complexion. Our people eat too little mutton. And yet, as a co tempora ry well remarks, "mutton can be pro duced pound for pound at less than half the price of pork; yields more nourish ment when eaten, and keeping sheep does not exhaust a farm to the extent feeding logs does. Sheep can bo kept during the winter on hay and turnips, or mangel wurtzel, or sugar beet, while hogs will not do without at least some corn. We would like to see in the papers fewer ac counts of big pigs and more fat sheep. Portland Transcript. Gamblino. Let every man avoid all sorts of gambling as he would poison. A poor man or boy, should not allow himself to toss op even for a half penny, for this is the beginning of a habit of smbling; and this " ruinous crime comes on by alow degrees. While a man is aihding his work, he is playing the best fame, and is sure to.win. ... . . . . - Turning water into wine, u commonly pot down at miracle; but many liquor dealers knew how to perform such when they purchase a new cask. j THE WM. J. SUTTER, VOLUME 1. THE NE rV CABINET. As therowill no doubt, bo considera ble curiosity to know something of the previous histoiy of tho members of the cabinet, we subjoin the fol I wing brief sketches taken from the Bultiniore Sun: Secretary of Stale GmeralLcwis Cass, of Michigan. General Cass was born at Exeter, New Hampshire. His ancestors wero amongbt the first settlers in that part of the coun try, anJ his futher bore a commission in tho revolutionory army, and was present at the battles of Bunker Hill, Saratoga, Princeton, Trenton, Monmouth Gorman town; he was afterwards major in Wayne's army, and died near Zonesville, Ohio, in 1850. His son, Lewis Cas, was ed ucated at the ocadergyof Exeter, studied law at Marietta', i, Ohio, under the late Gov. Meigs. lie was admitted to the bar in 1802, and fr? i.866,m ore than fifty years ago, was eieed a member of the Ohio LegislsttueAiS'tn' 1812 ho volunteered his servlsf 1ne force which was called out to. join the "Itmy under Gen. Hull, and marched to Dayton, where he was elected colonel of the third regiment of Ohio vol unteers. He was the first man with his detatcliment, to invade Canada. He sub sequently, being promoted to a brigadier general, joined Gen. Harrison, and cross ing Lake Erie with him after Perry's vic tory, was present in the pursuit of Proc tor, and participated in the triumphs of the Moravian towiJ. The Northcwcfitern campaign being happily terminated, Gen. eral Cass was left in command of Michi gan and the upper provinces of Canada. His head quarters were in Detroit, and he thus became military guardian of a peo pie over whom he was soon alter (Oct. 9, 1813,) called to preside as civil Cover nor. In 1815, after tho termination of the war, General Cass moved his family to Detroit. During the time that he was civil governor of tho Territory of Michi gan he negotiated no less than twenty one (replies with tho Indians. In the expeditions necessitated by them he en countered more perils and had occasion for the display of more firmness and in trepidity than any man ever engaged in the service. In 1825 or 182G. in conse quence of ill health, he retired from the position, much to the regret ol Gen. Jack son, who tendered him tho mission to France, wher he adifeto his fame in defeating the quintuple treaty, through which England desired to search the ves sels of all nations traversing the ocean. In 1845, after his return from France, he vas elected to tho United States Senate from Michigan, and in 1819 nominated for the Presidency, but defeated. He was one of the leading friends of the compro mise of 1850, and subsequently ably sup ported the Kansas Nebraska measure. On the 4th inst., his term expired in the U. S. Senate, and he was succeeded by a Republican. Although seventy years of ag-;, Gen. Cass is apparently younger than most men at sixty, and there is no doubt from his intellectual and bodily vigor, that his administration of the State De partment will fully sustain his previous high reputation. Secretary of the Treasury. Hon. Hoioell Cobb, of Georgia. The Secretary of thoTreasury wasborn at Cherry Hill, Ga in 1815. He is the son of Col. John A. Cobb, who, when quite a boy, removed from Greenville, North Carolina, with his father. His mother, Sarah R. Cobb, was the daugh:er of the late Thomas Roots, of Fredricks burg, Virginia. In the year 1834, when only nineteen, Mr. Cobb graduated at Franklin College, Georgia, and in the following year he married Mary Ann, daughter of the late Zachariah Lamar, of Milledgeville Georgia, by whom he had six sons, three of whom are dead, the two youngest dying at Washington city during the first session of the thirteenth Con gress. It may not be uninteresting to men tion that his uncle, Howell Cobb, after whom he was named, represented a dis trict of Georgia in the Congress of the United States during the last war with Great Britain, and hia cousin, Thos Cobb, was not many years since a United States Senator from the saoie State. In 1836 Mr. Cobb was admitted to the bar, and at once gave such evidence ot talents, char acter and attainments rarely possessed by one of his age that in the ensuing year he was alarted by the Georgia Leg- HOME PUBLISHED WINCHESTER TENN., APRIL 11, 1857. islnture solicitor general of the western circuit. Huving early in life obtained political fame as n Jackson or "Union" democrat, in 1842 Mr. Cobb was elected on a general ticket to the Congress of the United States, it being his first service in any legislnitve body. Since that lime ho has been frequently re-elected. He has served for one term as Governor of bis native Stale and as Speoker of the U S. House of Representatives, and in every position has been noted for his industry and ability. Secret ary of the War. Hon Jjs.hu Buch anan Floyd of Virginia. The Secretary of tho war has long been a prominent politician iu the western part of Virginia and is a State rights democrat of the school of f-trict construction. He has filled the office of Governor of the State, and during the last elec'ion was a democrat president elector. Gov. Floyd's public service has been exclusively con fined to the State, and his apoinmiont to the Cabinet is his first introduction to the Cabinet councils. Although, owing to the fact of his Icing Governor of Virgin ia, Mr. Floyd could take no part in the discussion on the compromise measures of 1850, yet he was known to be on ardent opponent of them, whilst he did not con cur in the views of the politicians of S C. who advocated secession as n neces sary consequence of them. Duringevery presidential campaign since 1830 Mr. Floyd has been on active supporter of the democratic candidates. Personally, Gov. Floyd is exceedingly popular in his State. He is a fluent speaker on the stump, pes sesses considerable talent and versatility, ond from his experience in various public offices will no doubt bo found fully com petent for the duties of his new position. Governor Floyd is between 45 and 50 years of age, and is in the undiminished enjoyment of physical health. Secretary of the Naty, Isaac Toucy, of Conneticut. The new Secretary of the Navy is known as tho late United States Senator from Conneticut, and as a sound, nation al man. He was for a short period At torney General of the U. States under President Polk, having succeeded Mr. Chigord, when he was sent as commission er to Mexico. Personally, he is exceed ingly popular ond accomplished. He is over 50 years of age. Secretary of the Interior Hon. Jacob Thompson, of Mississippi. The Secretary of the Interior has been a memberof the House of Repreutatives for Mississippi during several Congresses. He is an able speaker on the floor, and quite an industrious member in relerence to every measure of practical importance before the House. He is a free trader, a State rights south ern democrat, but by no means a secess ionist. Air. Thompson was one of the candidates for Congress on the State tick et in Mississippi in the contest between the compromise and anti-compromise par tiesof 1850,, which immediately succeeeded that agatation. On the occasion Mr. Thompson was defeated, and has never since been a candidate for public position. He is a man of some eloquence, good practical abilities, and is between forty and forty-five years of age. Postmaster General Aaron Venable Brown of Tennessee, The P M. General was born in Bruns wick county, Virginia, in the year 1795. His father was an old revolutionary sol dier, having enlisted at a very early aj.u in the continental army. He participate ! in the bathe of Trenton, and encounter ed the hardships of the encampment at Valley Forge. Governor Brown was ed ucated in North Carolina, and graduatei. at Chapel Hill, in 1814, in the same cIjss with Senator Mangumand ex-Governor Manly, of that State. He satin the Tennesse Legislature un til 1839, when he was elected to Congest, and held that position until 1845, when he declineJ a re election and ran a success ful race for Governor against E. II. Fos ter, a man of great popularity. Since 1847 Governor Brown has held no public off ice, but was a presidential elector in 1848 and '52. He was also chairman of the committee of resolutions in the Baltimore convention of 1852, and he had the hon or to report the platform then and there adopted. He is a fine stump orator, and a State right man of the strict construc JOURNAL. WEEKLY. tionist school. In character heissaidto resemble Mr. Mason, who was Sec retary of the Navy under Mr. Polk. He coinbinos suuvityof manner with unblem ished character, groat industry and talent. During the last compaign he laboured very zealously for the success of the democrat ic nominees. It was tho Governor Brown, when o member of Congress, some twelve or thirteen years ago, that General Jack son addressed his celebrate ! letter in fa vor of the annexntion of Texas. Gov. ernor Brown is in his 62d year but owing f his active and teinpcMto habits is gen erally takm to be ten years younger. Attimry General Jeremiah S. Black of Pennsylvania. The Attorney Generalship has fallen into able hands. Judge Black is consid ered to be omong one of the most able and accomplished jurists in Pennsylvania. He was formerly one of the district judg es of that State, but on the law requiring nil judges to be elected by the peoplo go ing into effect, he was chosen one of the State Supremo Court judges. He is in the prime of life, notover45 years of age and universally esteemed for the purity of his public and private character. Written for tl,e Home Journal. LINES ON THE HEART. Awake my heart-why sorrow now hile beauteous nature sings While balmy breeies flow elong With music on their wings ? Why mourn the Joys already pail) Mure others yet will come To flit tin- aching void within A id chef r thy dreary home. Life jet is bright-far down the dim And billowy tide of time I see a lov-rd one, whos e fond heart Still feels for thecond thine. Her bright blue eye beams o'er the wave The clear, sweet voice Buys "come," And though the waves are running high Thou'lt safely reach her hniu. Oh ! heart, be still-trust yet that time Will pleasures past return, And that thy hopes, now faint and few, Will yet more brightly burn. How can tlwt spark of heavenly hope 1 -tir tuke its final flight Why should dark doubts come o'er thy path .Ud bhrouil love's trust in i.ijlit? Away with thoughts of sadpcas, then, 1 iVs future yet will bring Those "rainbow hues" to deck thy sky Of whii h thou once did tin.'. Then wakj my heart I will be glad While smiling nature rings While balmy breezes How along With music on their wings I McMinnville. Tjssn., April 6, 1857. The Last Rat Tale. A gentleman on the Bay informed us yesterday, that in order to destroy the number of rats on his premises, he was in the habit of plac ing a tempting bait in the yard, and on seeing a good crowd of the "varmints" around it, he would shoot them down from a convenient syot. As the rats began to get shy of common baits, he procured a flask of sweet almond oil, burried it in a hole in thcyard, with only the mouth un corked above the level. The rats could not resist the tempting flavor of the oil, so they came with a rush and not a few fared badly. Yesterday morning the gentleman saw uvo patriarchal-looking rats cogitating over the oil flask how to get a taste of the luscious article within. After examining all around, ono of them brightened up with an idea. He inserted his long tail into the oil flask, and when it was well moistened with the sweet oil drew it out and permitted his friend to lick it. On the principle that one good turn de serves another, rat number two inserted his dorsal elongation into the oil flask, ond allowed rat number one to enjoy the feast. This in-tailing process was kept up amicably for some time, till rat num ber two, who was evidentally a gour mand, instead of confining himself to l:(k:ng his friend's caudal appendage, a vjally bit it! Whereupon, to use our informant's language, "they had a fight, sir, such as has not been equal'.eJ since that of Tom Hycrand Yankee Sullivan," This fight we suspect must have been with a view to devouring each other's tails! Anyhow, if the rat retire 1 tail less, the gentleman who saw them did not. Georgian Journal. 'The silent eyes is often a more pow erful conqueror ihan the noisy tongue." Scolding wives will please paste this on their looking-glasses. It ia said that the bark of a willow tree burnt to ashes, mixed with strong vinegar, and applied to the parts, willremov all warts. PROPRIETOR. NUMBER 13. "I MUST 00." A common word, yet how full of meaning! The school-bell is ringing,' says the inno cent little prattler at play; 'I must go.' 'The hour of labor has come,' says the man of toil, 'and I must go.' A dying parishoner has sent for me,' says the clergyman, 'and I must go.' 'Another wea ry cheorloss, thankless day calls me to the sanctum,' says the editor, 'and I must go.' 'I havo a weighty case on hand today, demanding all my timo and attention,' soys the la wyer, 'and I must go!' as if the universal motto of the ago is echoed and re-echoed on every side, by old and young, high ond low, rich and poor, happy and miserable. All must go, ell are going, and yet the restless heaving and surging tide of hu manity is never gone. We might perhaps introduce this expressive phraso into scenes ofgreater length, and of more than ordinary interest; hut having other thoughts and other duties to look oftor, we, too, 'must go,' and be contented to sketch one or two. "Tis getting late,' says the lover to the loved one, 'and 1 must go; must bid fare well, for a lime, to those blissful hours, once more to mingle in the cares and perplexities of a busy world.' Then clasp ing her fondly to his bosom, ho is gone till those happy days may leturn, or per chance till he may lead the gentle one to the hymcnial altar. Ono short year rolls round, and how changed the scene! Again, as then, it is night. A wan, pale, being emasculated and fragile form is lying on her dying couch. The long, weary days, and weary nights havo passed away. Her hours of anguish areno more. The insidious des troyer has done its work. Friends near and dear are around her a tender hus band bends over her but these cannot arrest the hand of disease, or postpone the parting hour. 'Hark! tho angles ore whispering, 'come! come!' and I must go; countless shining ones in white aro wait ing for me. I must go! Farewell till we meet in Heaven.' The snowy hand falls lifeless by her side; nevertheless a smile of ineffable sweetness and beauty restson those pallid, marble features, and she is gone gone forever ! Gentle reader, like her, when the last of earth shall come, may you hoar the wel coming of whispering angels; and like her respond.'Imustgo!' LOCUST HILL FEMALE SEMINARY, Located two miles South-East of alem, Frankli.v County, Tennessee. Tho Trustees of thid Institution take pleas ure in calling the attention of the public to it, believing that there are advantages offered, equal to any in the country, fur obtaining all the elements of a pood English and Classical Education, at the same time affording those from a distance a comfortable and cheap home. The situation is pleassnt and healthy, and in ono of tho most moral and refined neighiiorhoods in Tennnesee. In addition to the present means of accom modating pupils, a two story buildinjr, thirty six by forty-ei'ht feet, has heen commenced, ami will be completed in a few mon'hs. Elfort is also being mide to secure a complete set of philosophical apparatus by the opening of the next session. The Principal, Prof. N. B. mith, having for several years occupied the chair of Math ematics in franklin College, Tennessee, the Trustffn f""I confident that he will be able to give c.')t!:pl'to satisfaction. Miss Lucy E. Babnes, a regular graduate of Fianklin College, Tenn., has charge of the Musical Department, and will give leeons in the French language, &c. TERMS. Boarding, per week $ 150 Boarding and Tuition, from Monday to Fridny evening, per session of 2!) weeks, SO 00 Spelling, Reading, V ritiug end Men- tul Arithmetic, 7 00 (leoirraphy, Grammar and Arithmetic, 9 00 Natural Scienciix, and the higher brandies -f Mathematics, 12 00 Lpskoiis on the Piano, 20 OH Lesson in the French Language,.. . 10 00 A Male Department has been organized, and preparation will be made to board a fe small hoys. Pupils comi from a distance will ho required to beard in the family of the Principal, un'.i'pg they have relative residing in tho neighborhood with whom Afey can Bead The next S cssiou will commence March 1st, 1857. TRUSTEES. Jo'ph L. Bakr, Geo. V. Hunt, Jefferson E-'ill, Thumas Mosely, Divii! Lifijomb, William Patnron, E, Tarrei.t, Wm. C. Handler, Chairman. Febd Iy flIOXEY WANTED. ALL those indebted to the undersigned, ei ther by note or account, are invited and re quested to settle up by the 15th of MARCH, s further indulgence cannot be given. Ft 71. lfcVT R. Jl iUTI. TERMS OF ADVERTISING. Advertisements of ten lines or Wis will be Inserted at Ono Dollar for thsfirM and Fifty Cents for each subsequent insertion. Very liberal reJuctiona mado for those who advertho by tboyeor, bolf yir, or quarter. COOK AND JOJJ PRINTING- BLANKS OF EVERY KIND. PAMPHLETS, PROGRAMMES, I'OifllW. CARDS, CIRCULARS, RECEIPTS, FUNERAL TICKETS, DRUtt LA1SSI.S. EILL HEADS, HAND BILLS, A sweet country home, with ro.nej on J honey-suckles trained to climb over it; with good taste, intelligence and beauty within; toil enough to insure health, and leisure enough to court acquaintance with bookj the flowers, ond the loveliness of nature; with peace, plenty and love, is surely one of the paradises which hcavn has left for the attainment of man. Where tub Money Goes. A writer in a Now York paper has been amusing himself lately with analysing the import. into that city for each week, to show ki what the people spend most money. Of these imports for Inst week he gives the following result, Tho value of the pruui' inent articles ran thus, Jewelry $4,575, brandy $20,500, gin $313, porter $000, beer $1,089, ale $2,000, patent leather $3,500, furs $13, 000, ci gars $-14,470! From this, one can see that amid all the extravagances and dissipations about which so much is said, the cigars bear away the palm with a vast margin. JOHN F. VAUGHAN, (SUCCESSOR to s. a. lochabt) Wholesale & Itetail Manufacturer of Tin, Sheet Iron, Copper ami Brass Wares, and Dealer in Cooking and Warming Stoves, of every vari ety and pattern, Castings, I'ninps, llrnss KcitlcMMd l ids, CoflTce Mills, Wagon lloxca, And in fact every variety of the above d.a cription of articles, which will be manufac tured to urd'.'r on the shortest notice. Re pairing, Roofing, Guttering, &c, w ill be dono upon moderate terms. Having invested my entire capital in the purchase of the eKtablish mont formerly owned by S. A, Lockhart, I will bo compelled to do a Cash' Itnsinrsft, thereby giving better bargains than can be given upon the credit hysiem. All accounts dee when made. Having had four years ex perience in the business, I hope, and believe, by close application, to merit and receive a liberal share of public patronage, fully figur ed that I can and will give entire satisfaction, Winchester, Sept. 19, 5G tf J. F. V. MEDICAL NOTICE. DOCTOR CLOPTON offers hia profession al services to the citizens of Winchester and vicinity, and hopes by strict attention to his duties to merit a liberal share of patronnjo. Office on Main street, opposite Brooks' Ho tel ; Residence one formerly occopisd by A.S. Colyar, Esq. Jan 15, 1857. ly DR. T. C. MUKRELL, Respectfully announces to tho citizens of Franklin county that he has permanently se tied in Winchester, where ho hopes to roceive a share in the practice of his profession in iU various branchec Residence on High Street, in the house for merly occupied by Dr. Clopton ; Office on Main st., ncariy opposite tbe Mountain House MarSO ly "THE NEW ERA," A DISJUOCIIATIC HEWSPAFEIt. PUBLISH TD WErSCLV BV GEORGE W. RIGI3Y, Itlcllinnvillc, Warren i'o , iTcrtiv T. B. MURRAY, EDITOR. Terms Two Dollars a Year, in advane. sncEirs j-ewivg machines- The yroat reputition of Singer's Sewing Machines is found on tho fact, that they arc perfectly adapted to every variety of work, nndthit each ono of tham, kept Employed, will earn not less than One Thousand Dollars a Year. All persons desiring full and reliable infor mation about these machines sizes, price, modes of purchasing, &c, can obtain it by applying, bv a letter or otherwise, for i copy of I. M. SINGER &. CO'S GAZETTE, a beau tiful Pictoral Paper, entirely devoted to Sew ing Machines interests. It will be cent gratis. Local Agents Wanted in every Town in tho United States, to whom liberal inducements are offered. N.B. We have mado arranjements with many editors and publishers of newspapers highly profitable and satistactory to them, and wihto make similar contracts wun every newspaper and magazine in the country. For full particulars address I. M. SINGER & CO., mrl27 3ra 323 Broadway, N. York. SRAGO ABHOTT, ) J Wm. C.MOORE, ElUbli'htdin business t At- lUte or GillatU). Te UdU, in 1302. ) SE AGO, ABBOTT &c CO , (Succtwort to Sgo & Abbott,) Wholesale Commission Merchants, ATLANTA. GA. . Especially for the Bale of Tennessee Produer, such aa Bacon, Lard, Corn, flour, Mrs!. Feathers, Stock, &c; also make collections for Banks and individuals on the mct accom modating forms, and invariably remit with tb utmost promptness. Wa frequently fill or ders for Bacon from Tennessee, therefore those wishing to sell before shipment will da well to write us before sellinc, describing quality of tides, hams and shoulders, aod also stite the time of delivery and price, end if we have any order that we can put it into, we will do so with pleasure. All business letters, inquiries, &e., prompt ly answered. Liberal advancoj given '! in cash or by acceptance on consignment. FUH SALK A Bd 2tad tod Ms'-pm Ap?'y at th "ffice wif I