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Advertisements of ton' lines or lees will be inserted ut One Dollur fur the firm and Fifty Cents for each subscqueut insertion. Very liberal, reductions mado for those who advcrtiu by ibo year, half par, . or quarter- BOOK AN'L) JOB PIU.TI.N(T. Anviicnr. Si 2 00 THE HOME JOURNAL WITHIN SIX MONTHS 2 W) THE END OF THE YEAR. . 3 00 INDUCEMENTS TO CI.UDS. 3 copies $H 00 10 copies 815 00j 5 copies 8 00; 15 copies 20 00. jgj- Subscriptions for a .shorter time than one year must be paid in advance. , gr Single copies aold at 10 cents. ' BLANKS Of overy kind, printed on fine papor, and of , at $1 00 per quire, cash. 1 WM. J.; SUTTER, PUBLISHED WEEKLY. PROPRIETOR. BLANKS OF EVERT KIND. PAMPHLETS, PROGRAMMES, POSTER.", CARDS, CIRCULARS. RECEIPTS, . FUNERAL TICKETS. DUW LABM,, UILL HEADS, HAND BILLS, &.C. VOLUME 1. WINCHESTER, TENN., APRIL 18, 1857, NUMBER 11. TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION. 3 Sff" Look.'out for counterfeit $10 bills on Capo Fear Bank, N. C, which are in circulation. -'' i 5S- A well executod $10 note, pur porting to be on the Merchants.' Benkof f- T n ....... .lumlatinn' Newberne, an. is nuw m tm-uiM..-.., male portrait on the right Si'. George and Cragan on the left -vignetto Mercury all differing from the genuine. Woll executod ones (counterfeit) on the Northern Bank of Kentucky, have made their appearance. Cashier's name in the spurious is engraved. jgf White's Counterfeit Detector says it is more difficult to keep posted in Indi- III . I. . .il... D.nL 3 ana Currency man am me umci uuv ing institutions of the United States. Almost evorybody thinks that he could edit a newspaper a littlo better than any body else. Yet historians and essayists of hiehropute have made deplorable fail I ures in this line of literature. They have moved unsuccessful even in writing "lea- j ders," and that is by no means the great work of journalism. THE L0VErVS TEXT. The lover has no conscience inhisdeal- ing! He get3 his due and asks for it again! Ha is never paid! something remains, iU Am ia hanllv to his mind! Heac- I cepts it at one moment and rejects it at another weighs it to the fraction of a I grain, and still doubts whether it may not j be'light! Rings it with such ear as nev "I rr a tuner of an instrument applied to a I tiring! Scrutinizes rniniago with an eye I that magnifies a thousand fold! and, after I ull, suspects, from sheer inability to trust J his jealous senses, or for the pleasure of I imagining default where he knows none -exists, that he may enjoy the reiteration oi sweet luuujjn iiuMiiw""' 4 The frank lips or the maiden have avow ad it; "a world" not only "of sighs," but of tears, had affected if, at sudden times had her changingcheeks revealed the fitful mood! and yet he wanted more! mora, ev en though it cost a pang! a pang, but un questionably commiserated from the know ledge, not or. ly, that it was withou a cause, but that it was certain of being su perseded by transport! "Defend us.'1 some of our fair , readers may exclaim, "from such a lover!" No lover that is not like him is worth a sigh. The thorn ; tlm nrnnprtv of the rose, as much as ! its blush and breath! They never live I .asunder. SENSIBLE YOUNG LADIES. All ways look before you leap; even into the dim future of years. The young ladies of Alabama have all agreed to the following: "We will marry no, 'so styled' young gentleman, who ha-inot learned some bu siness, or engagedin some steady employ ment for a livelihood, for.it is apprehen ded that after the bird i3 caught it may starve in the cage. "That we will promise marriage to no young man who is in the habit of tippling, for we are assurodthat his wife will tome to want and his children tcr bare feet. "That we will marry no young man who is not a patron to his neighborhood paper, for we have thus not only strong evidence of his want ef intelligence, but that he will prove too stingy to provido for his family, educate his children, or encourage institutions of learning in his vicinity." Church Going and Church Accommo dations. New York city, with a popu lation of 020,000, has church room for only 197,000 persons, leaving 432,000 without any church accommodations, did they wish for them. Brooklyn, with a population of 208,000, has sittings for only 71,00, leaving 137,000 unprovided for; and thirteen of the principal cities of this country with an aggregate population of 2,048,785, have church sittings only for 852,430, leaving a deficiency of 1, 296,139. -Tk$ city of London, too, with a population"" of 2,688,000, has church room for only 800,000 leaving 1,883,000 without an opportunity to join in public worship. These statistics ara startling truths, which at first sight, seem to bo absurd, exaggerations, but a moment's thought will establish their correctness Two : country attorneys overtaking a wagoner on the road, and thinking to crack a joke on him asked why his fore horse was so fat and the rest so lean? The wagoner knowing them to be limbs of the law, answered, thay.be fore horse was a jawyf, ana the lest wrenm clients. : MERIT AND POSITION. The difference between a man of merit and a man of position is this : the latter is the man of his day the former is the man after his day. There was a king in England when Shakspeare lived there, and doubtless ev ery child in the realm knew his name fa miliarly, but how many of them knew the name of the poor play writer? But now almost every child, who speaks the Eng lish language knows of Shakspearo and his writings how many of them know of James and his writing? Very few! Thus the man of high position died with his position and his day; but the man of mer it only began to live, when he died. The author of" Don Quixotto" is known, by his works, throughout the world, but who can tell about' the mon of position, the, king, if a king, or the nobles, or fine gay ladies who lived when Chervantes was writing the adventures of the 'Knight of the rueful countenance.' Who was1 Governor of Virginia when -, j "-if. Patrick Henry' fired his fellow men with his.lofuenceIy .Few! Yet every Amor icari.boyaknows ofj Patrick Henry. And yet weHb.ink tjiat the Governor must have been better known in his day than the oi-aloiV- ,,; -: Thus it is, position is a thing of to-dny while merit is a thing of all lime, and when joined to that rarest of things, an upright, blameless Christian life, it be comes a star in Eternity a never ending light in the Eternal sky of Truth. APPEARANcIsT A coat that has the marks of use upon it is a recommendation to people of sense, and a hat with too smooth a nap and too high a lustre is a derogatory circumstance. The best coats in Broadway are on the backs of penniless fops, broken down merchants, clerks with pitiful salaries, and men that don't pay up. The heavi est gold chains dangle from the fobs of gamblers.and gentlemen of very limited means; costly ornaments on the ladies in dicate to the eyes that are well open the fact of a. 'illy lover or husband cramped for funds. And when a prettvwoman srocs by in a suit of plain and neat apparel it isa sign that she has fair expectations and a husband that can show a balance in his favor. For women are like books too much gild makes men suspicious that the binding is the most important point. TO SALLIE. PUBLISHED BY REQUEST OF HER LOVF.n. Oh, claim the heart that you have won! To you 'tis ever true ; lr Its strings vibrate for you alone Il lives alone for you. There never was one deep felt thought Of other in this heart ; ' There ne'er was other name so frought With tics that ne'er can part. Then claim the heart that is your own ; Mine lives alone for thee; No other person e'er has won A thought or wish from me. Though others still I claim as friends, Thou art the one most dear ; And still to thee my spirit tends, And loves to linger near. And thus 'twill be through life's rough ways, " In mem'ry thou wilt shine. My own bright star of other days In mem'ry thou'lt be mine.' The Press and Good Business. There is no discount on this paragraph: Some men advertise for a short time af ter they commence business, and think that it is sufficient; others intermit advpr tising after they have established a flour ishing business : by its aid. This u mis take. From the moment a house ceases to advertise, howeve large its reputation and standing, it begins to decline. The changes are so rapid in this country, and the public mind is so constantly occupiec for new npptciantsto its favor and its at lention, that to be out of the papers, where every body seeks tot information on every subject, is to be forgotten.. The press is daily more and more becoming a neces- beyond all, human rat catchers, the whis sitv. and its usefulness as an advertising! kared vermin would speedily cause a medium is as constantly increasing.- No man is wiso, or just to himself, who undertakes to do business without arail- .Og nimSbl. O! US UTaHlBS"- i i r ' . - i . ... . , . Lorenzo Dow .once said of a grasping, avaricious farmer, that if he had tho whole world enclosed in a single field, he would not bo content without a patch of ground on tht itiilc t raU pofate. Prom the New York Mirror. PAY AS YOU GO. Tub Credit System. Dr. Johnson said a very wiso thing when ho advised his friend to pay cash for every thing he bought, ready money being a chock upon the imagination. .If the lady who is tempted to purchase costly diamonds at Ball & Black's had to count out tho "cash on delivery," her jewelry bill at the end of the year would probably bo only hun dreds instead of thousands. And so in all kinds of business, and among oil classes of buyers abolish tho credit system and you do away with extravagance. It is so easy to run in debt; so easy to order a thousand dollar knick-knack, when one only has to say "charge it," that even prudent persons, who mean to be eco nomical, and never go boyond their abil ity to pay, are constantly led into the pur chase of articles they do not need, and for which they sometimes find it difficult to pay. In the fluctuations of speculative busi ness, ba.seci on the perniciouscreditsystem, comparatively few of even tho wealthy know how they are coming out at the end of tho year. Stocks may go up or go down and the result may prove disas trous. The gambling "operator" sudden ly "flabbergasts;" and his palatial man sion, filled with what Mrs. Partington calls articles of "bigotry and virtue," must be sacrificed to pay his debts and his "dif ferences." Tho merchant who has sold "a million one time," as wo heard a Diy Goods Importer boast the other day, can not tell whether It is house is founded on a rock or on the sand; and there are no men whose property is so securely invested, that their "riches may not take to them selves wings and fly away." No man who runs in debt to-day is absolutelycertain of his ability to pay to-morrow much less three or six months hence. The doc trine of chances and probabilities may fa vor his hopes; but any one of a thousand accidents may upset all his calculations. The more we reflect, therefore, the more are we convinced that not money, but credit' is "the root of all the evil;" and the only wise system of trade, the only sure remedy for a multitude of social evils, is to be found in tho golden maxim: Pay as you co. Let the rich, who have the cash in hand, begin the reform to-day; and every vein and artery of the social organism would feel a glow of quickening vitality, prompting to all sorts of benevolent ac tions, leading to the most blessed results. Debt causes a thousand fold more suffering than African slavery; and yet our philan thropic reformers have no sympathy for the exquisite misery it entails; and no voice of rebuke for the evil that produces The Southern planter sells his cotton before it is grown; the Northern farmer cats his corn before it is harvested; the mer chant realizes his cargo before it arrives; tho builder mortgages his house story by story; and everybody "buys on time" in the hope of being richer to-morrow than to-day. And this is the great and radical wrong of society, almost as prolific in evils as "The fruit of tint forbidden tree, : Whose mortal taste brought death into the world, And all our woe." The Rat Tribe. The last number of the London Quarterly Review contained an interesting article on the habits of rats in which the instances given of their fe cundity, ferocity and ingenuity, are al most incredible. A single pair of tats, in throe years, if undisturbed, will have thirteen litters of eight each at a birth, and the young will begin littering in the same ratio when six months old, so at the end of the three years a single pair will have multiplied 650,808. Calculating that ten rats eat as much in one day as a man, the con sumption of these rats would be equal to that of 64,608 men. It is clear, then, that if it were not for the extraordinay di minution in their numbers caused by the ceaseless warfare carried on against them by dogs, cats, polecats, otters, snakes and - famine ia eveTy p8rt 0f the world in which . , . j ",c ai ' .Cnft.m.n ma int., A In taarn i i ,w .v-. that small shot, when mixed with about -one-third its quantity of fine sand, will keep more closely togelhe when fired, and kill ita distance of eighteen tot - en - J'' yards further. than ordinary $& Many'inquirioa will be answered by tho re-appenrance of the following contributor to our columns, after an ab sence of two or three weeks: Written for the Home Journal THE BELL-BIRD, OR ARAPONOA. BY MHS. ADBMA C. CRAVES. There It a little bird in the deep-tangled forest of South America, the note, of which are like the clear, distinct stroke of a bell. , The traveler turm towards the sllvory knell, For it aeemeth the stroke of his own village bell, And sweetly if falls'on hti listening car, With a musical tone that it solemn and clear. The gtze of fond memory is turning away, tieyond the salt foam of the wide ocean's play, And tho rover, reclined on a for distant strand, Is hurried away to his dear, native laud, lie bms with Joy on the low collage porch, And turneth his eye to tho half-hidden church) Familiar the landscape, so vividly seen, With hill, dale and forest, so fre?hnd so gnrn. Chime again, pleasant bell 'tis the season of prayer And the loved of the household are gathering there, Along by tho streamlet, and up thro' the dell. As their ears jcatch the sound of the church-going bell, He seoth them all, from the silver-haired sire, And the mother he loves, In her Sunday attire, To the maiden, who sits in a comar, apart, And shrincth the absent one deep in licr lirirt.J He forgctteth the present once more he's at home The land of the stranger no more will he roam He will cheer those fond parents and take to his In-art, The maiden, who wopt when she saw him depart. I Kond dreamer, look up--ond what sreat thou here 1 No father, no mother, no maiden so dear, Hut the tall branching trees of tho wide solitude, And the gay-blooming parasites, draping the wood. No voices of loved ones are borne to thy ear, But the bright-painted paroquets chattering near, And the hues of strange plumage, that flash omthy atpht, Recall thee, at once, from each tender delight. F"r tho prayr-r and the psalm thou wast bending to Join, Mong the loved ones that sat tn the gathering throng, Thou nearest, as slant the swift arrows of light, The deepening hum of the insects of night. Ah I lone one, thou'rt far from the land of thy birth, And the wide ocean severs from that precious earth, Weeks, months, maybe years drag their lengthening chain, F.re thy home and thy dearoncs thou seest again. Winchester April 10th, 17. Singular and Useful Fact Con.vfct- ep with the Fi-.up.es 25 and 75. It may not be generally known that any sum can be multiplied by 25 by simply adding two ciphers to the multiplicand, or sum to be multiplied, and then by dividing by 4. Take, for example, 68, anclmultiply itby 25; two ciphers being added make G800, which sum being divided by 4 gives the quotient, or answer, 1700. The reason why the 'amount is thus obtained is as follows: Two ciphers being added to 68 have exactly the same effect on that sum as if it were multiplied, by 100, and that sum multiplied, being devided by 4, gives the fourth part, or amount due to 25. Any sum may also be multiplied by 75 by the same rule, in the following manner; To the sum. to be, multiplied, say 68, add two ciphers, which moke 6800, divide by 4, which gives 1700, or fourth part, and the 1700, or fourth part, being subtracted from the aforesaid 6800, leaves tho remaining three-fourths, or amount due io 75. Love. As love will oft make a Wise man act like a Fool, so will Interest of ten make a Fool act like a Wise man.- Greville. LOVE. Oh what, while I could hear and see Such words and looks, was heaven to me? Thoimh gross the air on earth 1 drew, Twas blessed, while she breathed it too. Moore. Love is Wind, and Lovers cannot see The pretty follies that themselves commit. JSbakspeare. Affections, like the Conscience, are rather to be led than drawn; and 'tis to be feared, they that marry where they do not love, will lovo where they do not marry. A farmer returning home in his wagon, after delivering a load of corn, is a more cortain sign of national prosperity than a noble-man riding in his chariot to the opera. A Yankee at Panama sought shcltor at the American Consul's from the earth quake ; he thought even the earthquake would respect our flag. An old bachelor geologist was boasting that every rock was as familiar to him as tho alphabet. A lady who was present declared that she knewof a rock of which he was totally ignorant. "Name it, ma dam, name it," said he, exultingly, "just you name it, if you can." "Why it is a very simple rock, too," said the lady. "Well, woll, give it a name," criod tho impatient old stick. "Well, sir, its name is rock the cradle!" Hare was a sell! Old Bach bolted instanter. The editor-in-'chiefof the Loudon Times i has the same tahry.as j the Uni'cJ ?u'e? 125, the IVjd'itnt "f FIFTY YEARS HENCE. Right Rev. Bishop Clarke, soys tho Baltimore American, is statod to havede liverod recently a lecture on the above subject, in which occurs the following passage; whether intended for prophecy or satire, however, we arc not exactly ablf to doierinino : "Fifty years honco the newly married pair will stop into on emporium for tho salo of houses, look ovcrthe book of pat terns, seloct one to suit their taste and means, order it, and it will bo sent home in the morning, put together and occupied at ni?ht. In traveling, as great changes will take, place. Instead of the dusly road and crowded car, there will be a splendid lo comotive hotel flying ovor n road carpet ed with turfund bordered with shade trees and heralding its approach with sweet mu sic, instead ofthe demoniatic shriek of the steam whistle, and labelled through from Boston to San Francisco in four days, "Instoad of tho unsightly telegraph poles there will bo, fifty years hence, a net work underground, and under tho bo soms of tho deep, and it will click off thoughts instead of words. Then the electric battery will light all the street lamps at onco, enable all the clocks in the city to keep exact time, and kindle the beacons on tho dangerous rocks, where now men hazard their lives and wear out their lonely days. "Then the author will not writo by our slow process, losing his rarest fancies, but he will sit down to the newest invented chirographical instruments, and putting his Angers on the keys, writo as fast as he can think." Never sny anything before your children which you do not wish repeated, is advice that parents should heed if they would avoid frequont mortification. As an il lustration, read the following pleasing in cident wh'ch we find in one of our exchang es : "What did your mother say, my little man? Did you give her my card?" asked a young gentleman of a little boy whose mother had given him on invitation to call upon her, and whose street door was ac cordingly opened to his untimely sum mons by the urchin aforesaid. "Yes, I gave it to her," was tho inno cent reply, "and she said if you were not a nat'ral born fool, you wouldn't come on Monday morning, when everybody was washing" At this juncture, mamma, with" a sweet smile of welcome, made her appearance at the end ofthe hall, when, to her sur prise, Mr. Vcrisopht, tho visitor, bolted! "What does the man mean?'! inquirod mamma. "I dunno," replied Bud, "guess he's forgot something," Nothing sets so wide a mark between a vulgar and a noble soul as t!i respect and love of womankind. A man who is always sneering at woman, is generally n coarse profligate or a coarso bigot, 6r an old fogic. Liquor. Secretary Guthrie's great work called "Report on the Finances" of theU. S., recently published, contains a table of all kinds of liquors imported into tho United States, during the year ending June 30th, 1856, the total amount being nearly nine millions of gallons, costing over six millions of dollars to the import ers, and probably costing the drinkers fully nine millions of dollars. But all this probably, falls far short of the quan tity manufactured at home. It is plain, says the Philadelphia Bulletin, that in ppite of temperance societies, liquor laws, and moral reforms of all kinds, we are still ahard drinking people, an d likely to con- tinue so. The only .ncourageing thing that we see in iir. uumne a iigures. is trial there seems to be a growing taate tor malt liquors ami i.gni wines, m presence the pernicious spirits which wo used consume so lavishly. CONSTANCY- Trt at a needle to the pole. Or as the diil to the sun, Com t nt as gliding waters roll Whose swelling tides obey the nuoa: From every other charmer free. Mt li and love shall follow thee Booth. U. ........ - P. ,...... VAr!, , , i l " r u r , paper equates the i wealth ; of Mr. Buch anan's Cabinet as follows: Gen. Cass, Howell Cobb, 12,000,000 500.000 j Jacob Thompson, ''JSS'SJJ' 000,000 - 500 000 - $ 1,500. npA John D. I ioy.1, Toucy, Black, and Bfn, BATHING. Onco a week is often enough for a do cent white man to wdcIi. himself all over, and wheth-r in summer or in winter, that ought to be done with soap, warm water, and a hog's hair brush, in a room show ing ut least 70 degrees Fahrenheit.. Baths should be taken early in the morning, for it is then that the system possesses the power of recreation in the highest degree. Any kind of both is dangerous soon after a meal, or soon af ter fatiguing excercise. No man, or wo man, should take a bath at the close of the day, unless by the advice of ilio fam ily physician. Many a man, in attempt ing to cheat his doctor out of a fee, has cheated himself out of his life; ay, it io done every day. The beM, sufost cheapest, and most uni versally accessible mode of keeping tho surface of the body clean, besides the onco a week washing with soap, worm water, and hog's hair brush, is as follows. Soon as you got out of the bed in the morning wash your face, hands, neck, and breast; then into thesame basin of water, put both feet at once, for about a minute, rubbing them briskly all the time; then, with the towel, which has been dampen pened.by wipping the face, feet, Ac, wipe tho whole body well, fast, and hard, mouth shut, Breast projecting. Let this whole thing be done within five minutes. At night when you go to bed, and when ever you get out of bod during tho night, or when you find yourself wakeful or rest less, spend from two to five minutes in rubbing your whole body with your hands, as far as you can reach, in every direc tion. This has a tendency to preserve that softness and mobility of skin, which is essential to health, and which too frequent washings will always destroy. That precaution ic necessary, in con nection with the bath room, is impressive, ly signified in tho death of an American lady of position, lately, after taking a baih soon afterdinner; of Surgeon Hume, while alone, in a warm bath; and of on emi nent New Yorker, under similar circum stances, all within a year. Iall's Jour nal of Health, Dr. F ranklin observes: "The eyes of others are the eyes that ruin us. If all but myself were blind, I should want neither fine house nor fine furniture." "Sally," said a fellow to a girl who had red hair, "keep away from me, or you will set me afire" "No danger of that, ' was the answer, "you are two green to burn." An extensive planter, who has recently examined n large number of plantations in the parish of St. Mary's, La., assures the N. 0. Bee that tho prospect ofthe next sugar crop is magnificent, and was never finer than at present. An editor of a Cincinnati paper was recently assaulted and robbed of $78 His brothers ofthe quill express a great deal of sympathy tor him but hardly know what to think of his having so much money about him. It is a little odd. A horse dealer, describing a used up horse, said he looked "as if ho had been editing a daily newspaper!" How does a pitcher ofwater differ from man throwing his wife over a bridge? One is water in the pitcher, the other is pitc h -her in the water. What did Adam and Eve do when they were cxpullccrfrom Eden? They raised ! Cain. Gen L"M one dej found I)r. Cutting , (ho amy who W8a bant,some , irev j eompiacenily before a class. man. arranging his cravat l0j ..Cain5 sa;d Lee, "vou must be the ;ha!,Dicjt .pan : crealion. "Why, Gcncrall" "Why," replied Leo, "beraueeyou ar in lore with yourself, and have not a rival "n the eirth.". A Crooked gentleman, on h:. arrival a Bath, was atked by another, wf.ai place i he had traveled from. "I came atraiitbt - ; , he ...J.. said the other, n you have jot trribl j warpe I on tha way." A late San Francisco paper mti tint , , , , , , . . l" f nurches there hav determ.rd to tin): no mor lonj me re turte ihtt te'nui !i .r fir 'no r'iin iv jiM pnp'P.