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N ADVANCE.' 2i OU ., mi mm si ir months. uTrfl TTIIK UN J) OF THE YEAR..' :i 00 ,ii I.MXICRMP.NTS TO CUWS. ,1 copies 3 10 copies 15 00; copies H 00; 15 copies 20 00. g" Subscription)! for n shortor timo ihaii 0110 yoar must bo paid ia advance. jJ Single copios sold at 10 cents. Of every Kind, urinteil onfino pajicr, and for culi) ut 1 Oil lor quiro, cash. ef- 4)t Tnmt uxm "bVH. J. Sr.lTTHK. Sent Free of Postage ia Franklin County. "I'ii'ileort to no iiiirly's arliitmry mvuy, W Itiliow ti iilli wliars'er sliu ItiaiU the wny." MAY-DAY-FLORA'S FESTIVAL. Wc had tho pleasure of being pres et, on Friday night, at the. performance- of "Flora's Festival," by the (J!eo Class" of Mary Sharp College. To say we were pleased would be to express ourself very faintly. Such a number of sweet voiees singing in good tune and 'perfect consonance, was a rare treat, no doubt, to nil who attended. There was a "goodly companie" as sembled, and all exhibited the politest attention. In "fact, we were glad to see that the right hind of a congrega tion was there to appreciate the praise worthy efforts of I'rof. Porter and his interesting class of scholars. There were many songs, duetts, quarletts, .(horusscs.vSic., sung, and some of them were really very beautiful. We will only mention a few : Flora ;i solo, by Miss S. T. Roach. The Foresters mo and chorus ; solo by J. L. I'oiter. W'ntvr Nymphs solo with vocal ac companiment; solo by Mi:;sA. V. GrMiam. 77'' Frothy Wares tire Rolling chorus before the storm. Storm Spirit olo by Prof. Spencer. Many other pieces might bo men tioned as being equally entertaining mid perlnps more liked by other and far better judges of mit-ic than our-s.-ll'. The '('lee Class" was e(,v,mienood n f,.v months since by l'rof. i'mler. It nimibers some '.10 or l!) young ladies, v.'ho meet and practice one evening in each week, yet without infringing on their regular study hours. As "April did not provide for -May," the young ladies could not adorn the. room with llowers. &e., as they intend v I, but, with the, exception of the rain that so untimely fell, the evening "i:-:si'd oil' equally as well. VIVIA ; or theSecret of Power. By Mrs. Emma D. E. N. Southworth. We have been presented by the Publisher, T. 15. Peterson, with a beau tifully bound copy of the, above work. . We have hastily read it through. .Al- 2 though Mrs. Southworth has written : one or two novels which we would .i not recommend as superior to many others by different authors, yet Yiria, I we must say, surpasses anything she : has ever written, and in beauty and I I interest is equalled by very few nov - els. "BORDER ROVER." ByEmmerson . Bennett. We have also received from the same Publisher this work, in two vol umes. We will only say that the "Border Rover" is a companion to the "Prairie Flower" and "Clara Morc- ) land," yet the story is totally unlik : cither of the last mentioned. We M have read many of Bennett's works, I and have never yet found one unintcr- . ! esting. In fact, he is our favorite wri 1 tcr in light literature, and is uuiver I sally admired by all who have read y his "Prairie Flower," "Clara Moro- land," or "Forged Will." Tne liorder fa Hover is equal to any of his other nov- p els. Copies of it, or Vivia, can be had . for l 25 per copy, when bound in K cloth, or in paper cover, two volumes, i' r,...i c.. .. p .i . w?i, oeni. ni-u ui iusi.igu iu uiu person remitting the price to ihe Pub lisher, T. B. Peterson, 102 Chestnut street, Philadelphia. ID3 The American party have no minated Robert llatton, Esq., as their candidate for Governor of this Statc Uon. 1. G. Harris is the Democratic nominee. He or llatton one will he eleotd, we don't know which and, to tell the truth, wc don't care ; we've got "nothin. up,", certain, and cither 'vill make r " 'leer T HE WILLIAM J. SLITTER, VOLUME 1. GENERAL INFORMATION. Those whopay their newspaper pos tage for a quarter in advance, nave one-half. . The postage on a weekly newspaper out of the Slate in whi'-h it is printed, in twenty-six cents a year, paid quarterly in advance. In the State and out of the county, 'liirtei-n rvms. In the count)', free. VH0 ARE YOUR ARISTOCRATS. Twenty years ago this one made candles, that one sold cheese and but ter, another butchered, a fourth thriv ed on a distillery, another was con tractor on canals, others were mer chants and mechanics. They were acquainted with both ends of society as their children will be after them though it will not do to say that loud. For often you shall find that these toil ing worms hatch butterllies and thev ivo about a year. Death brings a di vision of properly, and it brings new financiers the old gent is discharged, the young gent takes his revenues and begins to travel toward poverty, which io reaches before death, or his chil dren do if he does not. So that in fact, though there is a sort of monied race, it is not hereditary; it is accessible to til three good seasons of cotton will send a generation of men up, and a score of years will bring them all down and their children to labor. The at her grubs and grows rich, the chil dren strut and spend the money. The children in turn inherit their pride and go to shiftless poverty; next their chil- Iren re-invigorated by fresh plebian jlood and by the smell of labor come up again. In us society, nice, a tree, draws its tap from the earth, changes it into leaves and spreads them abroad in great glorv, sheds them oil' to fall jiicf: to tins earth, again to mingle with the soil, and at length to reappear in w dress and fresh garniture. Good Tkmpi.ars. This Order, lately organized in this place, is going up ward with rapid strides. Some 25 or "0 joined on Tuesday night last, in whieh number were lireny-Jicc or thir- ti young ui'uvs ! Well,-there wero fifteen or sixteen, anyhow besides a good many others. There will be a meeting on Tuesday night next, and every member is requested to attend. Quite an additional number will also take the noble pledge of abstinence from all intoxicutings drinks. Suc cess to the good cause. OCT The Toledo (Ohio) Times says they are sinking a well in that city, which will be 2.500 feet deep. Guess that'll be about the deepest well in the world. OThc members of the Winches ter Ilarmonian Society are requested to meet at the Court House on Wed nesday night next. XT3 To crown an Emperor in Rus' sia costs as much money as wc pay our President in 111) years. To cure deafness, tell a man you've come to nay him money. It beats acoustic oil all hollow. Ex. We arc getting a little deaf about this time. Suppose some of our delta qtients physic us with the above pre soription? Wih they would. Niabr rnvr. it. VI mi ".P' '-Mr lien men.' our distinguished me n 1 our most useful men? Those who hav been cast down, but not destroyed who, when the breeze of adversity swept away their props, sought new standards pushed on looked up, and became what you behold . them now. A glorious sentence and worthy to be inspired Never give up! Men are not made they make themselves. A steady perseverance a determin ation never to sink, though millstones were hanged about their neck is the true doctrine. It is this that has made the wilderness to blossom, that has given wings to the ocean, filled valleys, levelled mountain?, and built up the great cities of the world. HOME PUBLISHED WINCHESTER, TENN., MAY 8, 1857. TRIBUTE OF RESFECT.s At a meeting of Cuniborland Lodge, Number loH, Frou and Accepted Ma sons, held at Masonic Hall, in Winches ter, Tciincs.iijc, on May 0, 1867, tho fol lowing report was received, unanimously adopted and ordcrod to bo spread on the ,M i ii ii ';.-!, via ; To the V. M. Win dens mid hrethreii of Cuiidwrtinid f,nde, No. 1 aM, Free and Ae.ei pled Masons ; Woii ruy JiiiF.TiiKKN : Death has ngain entered our circle nnd taken from our midst one of our most es teemed members. J5ro. John G. Biddle is no more. He leparted this life in Winchester, Ten nessee, on Thursday Morning, April 23d, 1857, at 10 o'clock and 10 minutes. Our brother was born in Washington County, Pennsylvania, in September, 1810. He was a younger' son of a wid owed mother, and by his industry assisted to support bis mother and other members of the family. He embraced the Chris tian religion when about 22 years of ago, under the ministry of tho Rev. John Morgan, and shortly thereafter entered Cumberland College at Princeton, Ken tucky, where he graduated, and from that time to his death devoted himselt to the ministry in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and to teaching. He came to Winchester and took charge of the Win chester Female Academy in January, 1818, and remained in charge thereof up to his death. Brother Biddlo was a benevolent man a worthy citizen a ripe scholar and an unassuming, devoted christian; he died the death of a true lover of Jesus Christ, and of him it may be truly said "he fought a good fitrht, be finished his course, he kept the faith." As a Mason, our brother was zealous, attentive and sincere. Jlis connection with the Order dated far back in his life. In November, 1848, he assisted in the formation of your Lodge, was its first W. M., and up to his death he was an ardent, devoted, and useful member of the Fraternity. In him were exemplified in their fullest extent those truly Masonic virtues "Brotherly Love, Relief, and Truth." His lovo for his brethren was unbounded, he viewed their foibles with leniency ami took great pleasure in ex tolling their virtues. His benevolence and charity extended to the utmost of his ability. A brother in distress found in him charity's own response; tho widow and orphan a friend and protector, and to all men, and under all circumstances, his lips wero as the "fountain of truth." His love for the mystic beauties of Ma sonry induced him to advance in the Or der, and he had attained unto the seventh desreeof the Ancient York Rite. In the death of brother Biddle this community has lost a useful, benevolent, worthy citizen, the church on exemplary member, and the Masonic Fraternity an anient, devoted, intelligent brother. Resolved: That we deeply deplore his loss, but wc have the utmost confidence that he now enjoys a blessed immortality, and that in tbo glorious morn of the resurrection his body will rise, and be come as incorruptible as his soul," and that he received the grim tyrant Death "as a kind messenger sent from our Su premo d'rniid Master to translate him from this imperfect to that nil -perfect, glorious and celestial Lmlge above, where tin; Supremo Architect of the universe presides. Rmolv.d: That we tender to the rcla lives and friends of our deceased brother our sincere sympathy in their bereave ment. ,' so! red: That we wear the usual badce n; e.i Mitiiiiicr for thirty days. K''driJ: That the family f nur de teased brother be furnished with a copy of this report ; that the ;amo bo publish cd in the "Home Journal," Winchester Tenn., tho ' Banner of Peace," Nash ville, Tenn., and the "Cumberland Pres byterian," Brownsville, Pennsylvania All of which is respectfully submitted J. FRIZZELL, A. J. BAIRD. F. A. KLMBELL, W. W. ESTILL, JOHN H. LAYTON, J. M. BURKOUGH, Committc. A true copy from tho minutes. A. HANCOCK, Su. Winchester, Tenk., May 6, 1857. JOURNAL. WKKKLY. GIVE HIM A TRADE. If Education is the great buckler and shield of human liberty, well de veloped Industry is equally the buck ler and shield of individual indepen dence. As an unfailing resource through life, giving your son, equal with a good education, a good, honest trade. Better any trade, than none, though there is ample field for the adaption of every inclination in this respect. Learned professions, and speculative employments may fail a man, but an honest handicraft trade, seldom or never if its possessor choo ses to exercise it. Let him feel, too, that honest labor crafts are honorable and noble. The men of trades the real creators of whatever is most es sential to the necessities and welfare of mankind cannot be dispensed with; they above all other, in whatever re pute they may bo held by their more fastiditious fellows, must work at the oar of human progress or all is lost. But few brown handed trade-workers think of this, or apprciate the real po sition and power they compass. Give your son a trade, no matter what fortune he may have or may seem likely to inherit. Give him a trade and an education at anyrate a trade. With this he can always battle with temporal want, can always bo inde pendent and better is independence with a moderate education, than all the learningofthe colleges and wreath" ed temporal dependence. But in this free land there can be ordinarily no dif ficulty in securing both the education and trade for every youth, thereby fit ting each and all to enter the ranks of manhood defiant of those obstacles whieh intimidate so many tradeless, professionlcss young men. Such are the peculiarities of fortune, that no mere outward possession can be coun ted so absolutely secure or protective to man. Hoarded thousands may be swept away in a day, and thei.1 once possessors left with neither the means of independence or of livelihood. He was a wise Scandinavian King, who decreed that his sons must learn useful trades or be cutoff from their expected princely fortunes. They de murred, but obeyed the decree. The ldest.asthe easiest trade to learn, ap plied himself to basket making. In time he reigned in his father's stead. n time also, revolution came upon and overthrew him and he fled disgui.s- d, wandering and companionless save his wife and children, his sole resource for livelihood a recurrence to hishum- ile, hut honest and useful trade. The sons of the rich as well as the poor, should be strengthened by this possession. It never used nryonu tne learning, no harm is done while poss ibly it may be of incalculable good. It is a weapon of assault of defense, which once fairly seized, can never bj t:ik-en from a man's grasp. Think of it, parents; examine your boy's bumps," or rather study the "bent of their minds," and tastes, and as one of the best and most lasting services you can do them, apply them to the learning of honest trades. Ut.vh. We had a dispatch some days ago stating that the Administra tion proposed to send to Utha a large military force. A Washington letter, on Ftah atfairs,says: "It is proposed to send to Utah a military force of J6O0 men, officered by men ofcharac ter, who have families, who wil ac ...MHiinv them, also to appoint as iud"cs and executive ollicers men ol moral worth and .standing, who have families, and thus, it is hoped that a society will be formed which will pre sent a good example to the Saints,' and form the nucleus of an enlighten ed and moral community." rjCT3 The democrats of the Chatta nooga district have, nominated S. A Smith for Congress. J. C. Burch for the State Senate, D. M. Key for Uepres entattve for Hamilton county, and J. G Spears for Floater. I'ULUSIIKR & PIIOPIUKTOK. NUMBER 17. nCr Life is a romance, of whieh a Coquette never tires of turning over a new leaf. OCT3 A gentleman writng from Tex as says, "I heard an old hunter remark a few days since, that the turkies were so fat that ho could see the grease in their tracks where they had walked along." - -. fL3 The. first negro brought into Virginia was landed from a Dutch ship in 1620. In 1(5.23 there were but 2500 inhabitants in Virginia, of whom 20 were negroes. DCr A rogue at the west has sto len a lot of newspaper accounts. The racsal deserves no mercy he should be sentenced to collect them. Fact. Worse than highway robbery! Hj3 An Iowa paper says that a cer tain village there was recently visited by a "Bloomer freshet." On being questioned as to what he meant, the editor says, "the water was knee high in the, streets." DC3 A gentleman accustomed to the signature of the firm in whieh he was a partner, having to sign a bap tismal register of one of his children, entered it as the son of Smith, Jones & Co. DCr Man doubles all the evils of his fate by pondering over them, a scratch becomes a wound, a slight an injury, a jest an insult, a small peril a great danger, and a slight sickness of ten ends in death by brooding appre hensions. DC3 When a lazy man says, "I'll do it at my leisure," you may take it for granted that he will not do it at all. OCT Tho Post Ofliee Department has invited proposals to the first of June for carrying the entire letter mail overland from the Mississippi to San Francisco, in four horse coaches; semi monthly, weekly, and semi-weekly. rjCJ3 It is said that there were more emigrants in Liverpool, up to the 2'JthJ March, waiting passage to 'America, than were ever known in previous years, except in 185 1. OCT3 The next annual meeting of the Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, will be held in Petersburg, Virginia, on Monday, the 21th of May. Bishop Early will ireside. . -- DC3 The next General Assembly of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, will be. held at Lexington, Mo., on the 31st of May. OCT3 It is estimated that over 500 persons die annually in New York ci ty from the diseases of the lungs and throat occasioned by the dust. nCr" The. National Council of the American party will meet at Louis ville on the first Tucsdoy in June. .. The Post Office at Tuscumbia, Ala. has ceased to be an office for distrib uting, and the ollicc at Chattanooga has been made a distributing ollicc. la view of the changes that have been made in mail routes, and the advan tages to be derived, the change is be lieved to be a good one. Goi.no i.vro Si.avkrv. The Warren- ton (Faupuier, Va..) Whig states that two free negroes have made applica tion during the present term of tin court to be, sold into slavery rather than leave the State. This is a nut which we recommend Mr. Greely to crack. Frkd L)oi;ulass.- We sec uy our Northern exchanges that Fred Doug lass is reviewing the opinion of the Supreme Court of the U. States in the case of Dred Scott. His lectures are listened to by large crowds of course. Beautiful! Fred Douglass denouncing Judge Taney's opinion before an audi ence of Americans' Strang; times these in tho North' TERMS OF ABVL'UTISINLV Advertisement. of ton lino.1) or loss wiJi bo. inserted ut Gnu Dollar for llio fust itiiil Fifty Coitts lot each subsequent insertion, Very liberal reductions made for those who u.l vt r tif-o by tbo year, hu.lf yoar, or quarter. HOOK A . I ') JOUl'I UNT1NO. BLANKS OF EVERY KIND, I'A.M I'll LISTS, l'UOCUA RIMES, POSTERS, C AllUH, CIUCI.'UKS, KECEll'TS, l''UNKK4l, TK.'Kl'rS, MtUG LAUEL.s,. BILL JIHADS, HANI) BILLS, &C. PHOEHIXANA. The rodoiitablo John Phumix, in a late letter, gives the following account of the meeting of a Memphis man and his better half at the St Charles in New Orleans, Comment is useless. Accompanied by my old friend But terfield, who had joined us at Mem phis, I landed at New Orleans, and proceeded forthwith to the St. Charles Hotel. At this great tavern Amos expected to meet his wife, who had arrived from California, to rejoin him after a three months' separation. I never l ave seen a man so nervous. He rode on the outside of the coach with the driver, that ho might get the earliest view of the building that con tained his adored one. It was with great difficulty that I kept pace with him as he Hurnultuously rushed' up the steps leading to the Rotunda. In an instant he was at the office, and gasp ing 'xMrs. Buttcrficld.' 'In the parlor, sir,' replied Dan, and he was off. 1 followed and saw him stop with sur prise as he came to the door. In the center of the parlor stood Mrs. But ter field. That admirable woman had adopted the very latest' and most vol uminous style; and having on a rich silk of greenish hue, looked like a love ly bust on the, summit of a new mown hay-stack. Buttcrficld was appalled for a moment, but hearing her cry 'Amos,' he answered hysterically, 'My Amander!' and rushed on. He ran three times round Mrs. Butterfield, but it was of no use, he couldn't get in. 11c tried to climb her, bat the hoops gave way and frustrated the at tempt. He extended his arms to her; she held out hers to him; tears were in their eyes. It was the most affect ing thing I ever witnessed. Finally Mrs. Butterfield sat down, and Amos got behind (he chair and kissed her, until their offspring, by howling and biting the calf of his leg, created a di version. They were happy; so were the people in the parlor. Everybody appeared delighted; and a small boy, a year or two older than little Amos, jumped up and down like a whip-saw, and hallooed 'Hoop-ec!' with all his might. Butterfield,' said I, an hour or two later, 'I suspect that Mrs. Butterfield had adopted hoops,' Mayor of Mkmimiis Dkad. On Sun day the 2(ilh, tilt., Hon. Thomas B. Car roll, Mayor of Memphis, died at his residence in that city after an illness- of some Jive days, He was the sec ond son of Gen. Win. Carroll, former ly Governor of this State. His dis ease was inllamation of the stomach and bowels. He was at the time of lis death about forty-five years of age, a brave, generous, and highly esteem ed man. I). P. Okficb. The distributing Post office horetoiore at Tuscumbia, Ala bama has been removed to Chattanooga- IIoi.dini; to Pko.misk. The new paper of M. Pryor, at Richmond, Va.f "7Vic South," "positively demands of the Administration that it make an honest, earnest and persistent effort t redeem its pledge, in the acquisition of Cuba." And it enumerates as among "the considerations which chiefly commended Mr. Buchanan to the support of the Southern people in 1S5(5, the vague but satisfactory as surance that tho acquisition uf Cuba was to be a principal uhf rl of his administration." It then contends, that "now is the chance for Cuba" now, when a War w expected to break out between Spain and Mexico and that we must sustain Coinonfort, the President of Mexico ("if necessary, send him supplies of funds.") so that he can not only repel the Spanish in vasion, but retaliate by a descent up on Cuba and, "enlist under his ban ners thousands of fearless adventurers from this country," secure the "con quest of Cuba by American enter prise" and, wc presume, of coiir? hand it ovor to the government of tho Ihiited States.