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The Winchester home journal. [volume] (Winchester, Tenn.) 1857-1858, September 09, 1858, Image 1

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'PlertBrt to no party's arbitrary sway,
We rollow truth where'er he leads the war."
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Sent Free of Postage in Franklin County .
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JOHN T. II 15 FN Ell
i;eo. e. ruitvis
O-ujkn' IIo::sk, KooiiKvrBa. N. V.. I
Jlr.n- J.jurnal :
After it pleasant trip "! !o Toron
to, Canada, 'an I b vln Niagara
Falls, wti aro attain in Rochester,
w'.ifj. nlace still exists although
- i
some unknown in
leeiidiafie.shaVK been
lor two weeks tryin.? to burn it on'.
They have succeeded in destroying
P,,,,;,.,. to the amount, of about hair
;, million (bdlars. m.'i ui :
watchful viuilanee to" which the citi-j
Zens have been at. last, awakened,
would undoubtedly cntinu their
work of ras::
.-ill ui.b:urled
ili-y. l b- n. -.n-n iiavc
because of s um! enui-
y against the corporation and refuse
ty ag
to aid in the eitrnguislmu-ni oi hub
when thev occur. In fact ihe drcnKM,
are regarded by some as the agents
i firing the houses. We think, in the
present excited condition of the peo
ple an incendiary would be hung, ii
caught, "without judge or jury." In
numbers of instances of burning piles
of pine fagots have been discovered
in buildings just in time to prevent a
rr.-neral (Viifiagration. While one
nortion of the town is burning ami the
body of the people are drawn thenee
thieves and abolitionists congregate
lit the other lo waylay and rob. In
such a place v e How find oerself.
In a place we Ii d the great mi.snj-l.e.-.tbd
Fn d Douglas, editing and
publbhiuga weekly newspaper and
teeming it weekly with scores of black
est falsehoods and libels on the South.
We went up in Fred's office to-day
found him at a desk writing editorial.
Finding out who we were and that
wo were from the South Tennessee
-he laid down his pen and commenced
conversation asked about this man
and that one in Tennessee especial
ly in relation to W. G. 13rownlow.
Frcd was quite anxious for a full de
scription of the Ilev. W. G. Brown
low, and we endeavored to satisfy
him, and we don't think, from the im-
nrcssion we made, that the ntgger eu
itor will endeavor to come in contact
with Mr. Browlow not for a world
Rut Fred is very brave not brave
either, but impudent. He says he is
an abolitionist out and out says "the
democratic party is composed of a set
of villians" says -old Buchanan is a
rascal and has been treacherous to the
interests of the North," and finds lan
rruasre inadequate to convey the deep
love and sympathy he has far Gerritt
Smith, whose name he has placed at
the head of bis paper, as a candidate
for Governor of New "iorK. In fact,
Fred has written a book his autobi
ogrophy and inscribed it to the lion.
Gerritt Smith. We rt ckon Mr. Smith
(eels quite proud of it, we know Fral
does. Fred gave us several little pub
lications of his besides the paper.
We took them ju'st to see what the ab
olitionists of the North would permit.
And what do they permit? They per
mit him in iho first place to set np a
printiufj office in Koehcstcr and puli
lish a newspaper in which he says our
chief Magistrate. U a rascal that all
his employees are rascals that the
slaves ol the South ought to ho en
couraged to insurrection at the point
of the bowie-knife that he doubts the
virtue of any femkle white that owns
a slave besides scores ol other say
ings that ought to swing him on a gal
lows too high lor buzzards to reach in
their flight for filth. While seated in
this brazen-faced fellow's olltce, a
white man subscriber-imm Syracuse,
comes in with a complaint to "Mr."
Douglas that he did not get more than
one-fourth of his papers. '-Ah!'' re
plied "Mr." Douglas, "those rascally
democrats have git it in their hands.
They are not half ttri attentive to the
mailing of my pa)er." Then followed
a lii'rtde. of vinlictive abuse of the
Administration and the democratic
postmasters. Vie could but keep from
giving vent to oir feelings in a man
ner more expn'ssive and decidedly
more -painful thin tfonx. Cod bless
the Administralon and the deux. Mal
ic party. Yes.'roni the bottom ofoiii'
hi-ort we say tiat it behooves even
man in the !Sut!i to support an Ad
ministration tilt has the whole aboli
tion fraternity aroused against i'. -We
do notdable in pnrUz m ad'airs.
and noj'aSt. a;i honorable. Sinuluru
man can cot;rriti!u.ly thus accuse
us, when weitate what we enneeive
to be the in rest t ihe pno-siavt i y
men. Audve eailif.sl iy a. -si it that
that man ' e high y ebnrueti v. i;l
pr.-judice ho would i;m his eiii.ri.
agaiuM. tl Adinini.".! ration nt rueha
time as Is especially. Me. JJael.ti
nun nnhav( his lui who )
not.' I' he has by n. tie .ui. r': y
d the M
a I til.; :-V
i i
de.se it I eii.
We -ve n ' ii.-ed elo.-i. ly ilm in , a.
trip I h I- r iif , ;s. i i:ed ;t'- i.liu--
y in strn-t in every ;..w a- ;-il
every tel--on the ee.i.s, and ;i! n'l
plaCC'here W e ba e ia ea. aiid In
poor iloeratb pany is a .'use-l aini
calmiil' d by ihe amdi. iiniists ant'
repubtns. f'hein)sL moid aioli
tiou jr in Syr.t.m-e stys: "The
sum I subtancs; of pro.setit detune
racy iavery no J'ne lalmr klurrnj
uiiivcl-'' We mention these thing
tosh-how the demoeratic party is
regad North, wheie every availa
ble e is now being unbilled in
oppi.ou to it, and much do we fear
ihal'ess all southern nit n eo oper
ate n unit, this motley oj-Hsuion
wiHevail in ihe great haLile ol
I7ti Heaven forbid such should be
tlipult.yet our ft ars aie gieat.
In heart we c.tnout iind loom to
oeie an ndmin'stralimi or a pally
whby so doing we Iind oi rsi ii
Cidn-jole a id side by side w.in r,--
puans and abolitionists. We wish
no lengthen on this subject, yet we
hauir convictions, and we firmly
siit unless a belter party ihan the
Drat c can be found in cpos tion
toi'spc cially by Southern men
w indeed be treason. Weigh tho
m. Southern men, in your honest
ho and see if tin unbiased decis-
oil not proclaim us right.
lo r reu iJougiass. e w re
afigly astounded to think to
kr-that this black peisonification
ouiience and rascality could ho
b avow his rebellious sentiments.
Tdghly Burr was tried for an of
fvhich becomes an honor when
dred with the efforts which
is now making through his
ibei:t, and )et whit-; men phi
lopiiix urge him on would see
tell-providedunJ happy negro of
pulh imbrue his hands in inno
(Ood to satisfy their meddlesome
is. No wonder wc have disti
ls. No wonder the blood cor
idly ihrough the veins of every
erner not lost to feeling. Oh,
is no place of torment to which
uld uot gladly look to an aboli
t doomed eternally. But all
Northern men are not abolitionists.
There are some who regard with fair -
nesstho rights of slave-holders with
.!.: t!..it. n.nu mMj morn
graco tho Presidential chair.
Well, we do not like to clone with
out giving the readers of the Journal
a short account of our trip to ihe Falls.
It was by far the best lime we have
had since leaving home. We staid
there two days, and during that time
we availed ourself of the opportunity
to behold the Falls from every point
ami in all manner. We went round
them, above them, below tin in, under
litem, and we almost Maid over them.
Of course this last feat, would have
ended our career. We have viewed
them over the light, over tho left, in
front, by day-light mid by uioon-lighr,
and we h:te unhesitatingly come to
the conclusion that thev are some,
though they "won't do to tie to." lie
ally, the Fulls of Niagara may justly
be classed among the wonders of ihe
world. They are the pride of Ameri
ca, unequalled in gi audeUi1, magnitude
and inagniiicience by any other kno'vn
cataract, and have, since lliey wro
discovered, exerted an attractive in
lluetice over mil lions upon millions of
the human race who have lioeked
thither year after year lo ga.e upon
the tumultuous ciu.di of water. The
power jintl maje.-iy of the Almighty
are, perhaps, more awfully exhibited
and more fully realized in thw -stupendous
w ateri'all than in any other
. ... . . i ii .
scene on earl u. I he roar ol t tic V alls
is sometimes Ik ard at a great distance
but of course it i. constantly modified
bv tiie. direction and Mrengih of the
Of ihis
rand smh! wc
leak more limy m me unure,
Tin- (jrineipal spots of iaUvest to be
visiled besides the great Fall itself,
are: The giolitid where the memorable-!
balll" of J,uitds Lane, wa-
iiuight. the v In rl pool Im-Io vv Hie e an.";
! the .Susj--n.iou liri.lv; tiie Devi! s
j Hole and lite Moody Una; Qucens
f lawn's ll-.-iirh.r- ,tud (ieti. iiinek'.-. Mou
j ii.ijeiii . Oi' eonrse we went lo all.
i I. u' mti'i s.iv tintt. mn.-t of them are
silled heeau.-e id' the'Jneen:s. uliu u
is chaiged lo m'C. litem. Of lh-se
ihin-js !-.nd a pie-nie which we attend
ed at Brock's .Monnmeiii,
oral; in too luiure, w in ii we an.iu
. .i . , ... i . i... 1 1
have more time. .
A little explaim d, a I'm hi endured,
ii little passed over as a foible, and lo!
tim i urred atoms will tit like smooth
bee: it lis
he the
do ail
orld etc
tiiiii-is to
it forsake
e agreea-
!d t to Gc-d, b-fore him." Very good
advice, indeet
The wheat crop ol Russia is ?uid
fad below the average.
M. T. Scott, Esq. Presi lent of the.
Northern bank of Kentucky, died at
Lexington on Friday Inst, VlOth August.
Mitjor Charles J. Helm, of Kentucky,
late Consul at St. Thomas, has been
appointed Consul to Cuba, and will sail
for Havana in about five weeks, to enter
upon thoilu i !S of iho oflice.
A down-east Editor says, that the irirls
aro so hard up for husbands in some
parts of Pennsylvania, that ihcy some
times take up will) lawyers.
The following loast was recently given
at a ladios' fair: "Women, the morning
star of infancy; the day -nar, of manhood;
the evening-star of age. May we bask in
their influence until wc are sky high.
..t! .ii.. i - l ..it
- oiime, bhiu a ruling man 10 ms reo -
' i a
haired sweetheart, "keep your head away
from me; you will set me on fire."
"No danger," was the contemptuous
answer, "you are too green to burn."
An atom cannot be infinite, the con
gre gated will alone is infinite,
Such is the path tf wisdom, he who
would learn, may learn, for in himself
man has the elements of all things.
About sixty bales of new cotton
have been received at Mobile.
Woman's whole life is a history of
the affections.
SEPTEMBER 9, 1858.
1 Mr. Editors
I hHvo rtad tho peculiarly stranga ac-
tirln in vnnr nnnf u f th 20th ult. The
sniclo to .which I allude, is tlio answer
to a communication from "a true South
tinier" published in youf puper a fnw
wcflku nitice. Tlio wiiter of this article h
very little in tho habit of writing for a
newspaper; but feeling that the whole
argument of "Veritas" ia untenoble and
contrary to the teachings and apiril of
all law, human and divine, I have con
clu.lt-d to notico some of his arumnnts.
The lext of ' Veritas" is, "Kxtromes
meet," ami upon this ho bases all his nr
friiiuent iirnl from (his deduces oil his con
elusions. Without entering upon a di
cushion of thu constitutiunaliiy or non
constitutionality of tho law prohibiting
iho African slave trade, I will nodce the
position of Veritas thai "a true Southern
er" and tho abolitionists, by their res-
pcciivo courses and policy, ure alike
for n dissolution. So far us the aboli
tionist is concerned I agreo with Veritas
that if his views are engrafted upon
tlio country and carried out, the result
must inevitably be ili.sunion;tho aboli
tionist is so reckless as to disregard tho
coufrttt utioti and confess his disregard,
ami claim to be supported by u "higher
law." Admitting that tho constitution
of the United States does recognize the
iiiMiuitioii of slavery, but insists that the
institution is an immoral and degraded
one, and therefore must be abolis-hcd, and
from this irainj of reasoning the aboli
tionist is a dUuriionist.
On the other side the Southern ritdds
man claims that the institution is moral
ly, politically and socially right and
that it is ordained of God. Such is always
the doctrine of the true Southern man,
in this he meets with opposition in tho
wild abolition moralist, unsupported by
any authority save the heated, whirling
brain of tlio emancipation monomaniac.
The Souihrn Uighis man goe. still fur
ther and says to n "fanatic North,"
slavery is a right guar-'-iiiccd to too by
the constitution, it ie a putt and parcf.-l
of the iirticlts of copartnership under
which the several nrigninally and now
in a s.-nsj- -independent states live'and
have a political e.iislunri,, hen tin s;:
slates met to think and eousull togi-ilmr
about a confederation, this institution
was one of iho subjects of serious thought,
n.-flot'liou an I discussion in tluit pain
i lie and talented body representing the
cnlouies, and finally thai deliberative
..:id deep thinking body adopted lor the
people of the whole Union who sanc
tioned it a compact recognizing in
letter ami spirit the institution of slavery
then il become a partof the contract of
tin; Union. It w as and is one ol the chains
that brought us together, and forms a very
important link in tlu tie of our political
co-existence, il wos and ia a condition in
tho articles of union and copartnership
between the States, and oil the true South
ern man wants is the execution of that con
tract, ho wants nothing moro, he will huve
nothing less. Oh, but says Veritas' this de
mand on tho port of the South may lead
to disunion. I do not know how tliM
may be, but for one 1 am ready to say if
a demand or the enforcement of my con
stitutional rights leads to disunion, let it
lead there. If the South is lo be denied
the privileges and rights of freemen and
that too when those rights ate in amena
bly vested in them by a contract by their
fathers. Then let ns cease to be a con
stituent of that government which
ictuses the contract. If the doctrino of
submission thus taught to and sought to
be impressed upon the South be the true
one, no one has security even in Ten
nessee against tho hand of the plunderer
If we must submit to gross and palpable
wrong because resistance might or even
would produco division, then by the
same mode of reasoning, the owners of
all kinds of estates must never onpn their
I i- . . . ,i .
Mini or raise an arm against the tress
passer upon his rights, but submit to it,
and allow him lo take it, and convert to
his own use, although the lawn of God
and man afford him a plain, unembarrass
ed remedy, he must not claim protection
under these laws, because he thereby
runs a great risk of producing division
and ill will in the community in which
he lives. Such reasoning, places the
Southern Amorican people in a worse
condition than men were iu the early
world when men were allowed ownership
as long as they continued to use and oc
cupy, but the moment they abandoned
the possession, the one who took the pos
session was allowed to enjoy it until ht
ew proper to abandon, &e. With us it
would bo worse-, for the reason that posses.-ion
would be no protection unless cou
pled with the greatest amount of brute
Veritas urguei further in substance ihi
the original kidnapper was guilty, of a
very greet moral wrong, and that this
wrong Was perpetrated in te tenth of
Cod's command, "let the negro nlorio,"
but says Veritas, (ha master finds him
self with no taint of c r aon h 1 concern in
the African Slave trade; upon this an ar
gument is made against tho one and for
the other; how strangely ibis reasoning
strikes my mind. It is certainly unau
thorized by any ruin of law and is as
certainly against morals: but let ns no
tice it in a legal point ol view. In th nt
shape it presents itself thus: tho kidnap
per, many years aa", went to Africa and
bioiiidil the laveoto Americu. The kid
napper according to Veritas was a tres
passer, he continued to bo trespasser
during his travel from Africa lo the Uni
ted Stales. As a irespa.-iser.hu lands
himself ami African upon American soil,
nud ris a trespasser continues the negro
in bondage and at work. He, according
to Veritas, is n wrong doer in the bo
ginning, end in the ending of his con
nection with tho negro ho has violated
the law, but Veritas comes to him, and
from him purchases ihe negro, ami by
virtue of his purchase to kes the rightful,
logal po.-sessiou of the slave unafl'eced by
that heinous sin Veritas so plainly sees
in the kidnapper. Now let ua see inio
what this position involves itself, (the
whole wrong being in the first taker)
J. steals n piece of property from C. who
lives in another State. II. had to be a
trespasser iu order to steal; he removes
with that property into Tennessee ami
meets Veritas, who, advised of B's ob
tention, purchases from him. Ofcourse
there is no wrong in Vejitas, because ho
was not at the original taking and con
version and did not know of it. Ergo, is
guilty of no wrong and not subject un
der the law to be made account for the
pioperty he has thus obtained from If.;
and so away goes that fundamental
principle that "a man may follow his
propeny and recover wherever and with
whomsoever he may find il, there are vari
ous illustrations thai might be niadfl
showing the untenability of this argu
ment of Vcriia but it seems so whoJy
unnecessary llial I will pass on,
v entas ami ttioso who trunk with turn
may say that in my illustration of the
rule 1 do not give sufficient lime be
tweeu me onginni wrong cioer and the
subsequent claimant. In reply lo which
I have only to say that I am wholly un
ablo to seo how any length of timo can
mako a time a moral wrong a moral
right. I can not see how a right
conceived ami perfected iu wrong,
although the inception and perfection be
iu one and the same person can ever be
made a good and moral right by bare
transmission however often that
trasmission may be for the simple reason
thai all tillea to property must of neces
sity be deraigned from tho original
source and the doctrine of time and
change ol hands so lengthly discussed by
Veritas cannot etTcct the moral of the in
stitution of siavery, besides I think a
man in rather glim business relying at
the bar of grace upon the statute of lira
Now, sir, if time is to be regarded at
all it is only a presumption, and what is
the law of this land upon that subject.
It is about this that after the lapse of
a longtime, the law will leave a thing as
it finds it, not that it assumes that that
thing is right hy any means, but simply
for the sake of quiet ami therefore al
inquiry as to tho right or wrong is cut
off or forever closed. This is a rule of
human law applicable to human action
and has been adopted in tho law by an
ology from the statutes of limitations to
anI quiet the rights of property. So Mr
Editor if slavery was wrong in its incap
tion it is time we were getting rid of il
If "it isan evil, the curse of tho South,
let us get clear of that evil anJ (hat curse,
ret us walk up to the task before us and
to that duty we owe our children & relieve
them of an evil and curse, if a curse set
about removing if. Teach your children
lo remove il, help "a fanatie North" lo
remove it. Let us not raise tho rhihl lo
continue (he sin, but Id us go to work
like men and christians and blot it from
thelanJ. Iff thought a Veritas writes,
I would go to work without a moments
delay, at least in my household.
Hut air, is there ihe slightest wrong in
institution founded! I tste.t that it is
ii, morativ or oihr-rMue. nere is ine
founded in rel.gion.ih bible it fdleJ witkof
VOL. II, NO. :tr. .
iiuihoiity for its maintenance ami con
tinuance, the negro wbi intended in his ,
creaiion for n servant, his physical and
mental constitution proVd it, his habits
hi his native and this climate prove lit
the (lirTorerico in the white man in every
respect from the negro, shew that tho ou
wtis designed lo control ihe other; the
comparative conditions physically end
mentally of the negro as a slave and
givnge show it. And the further fact
that history and cxpeiience show that the
only way in which the negro can od
vni.ee one degree above the nionkoy is
by making him slave, show that the ne
gro has not performed the office God in
tended him to perform, until he has bean
advanced not reduced to alavery. He
suits no other sphere in life. He cannot
possibly be capacitated for any other, for
the moment he is out of slavery he is n
savage, keop him here, teach him religion
and leturn him to the wild-, of Africa and
he almost instantly becomes the heathen
you originally found him; and oven hero
in our midst it is tho experience of all of
us that the free negro is much below tl.r.
slave in morals and we all know the fur
ther fuel thut not more than one ndgro
in a hundred is capable anywero of raa
king fur himselfa genteel and comforta
ble support, there being this sort of crea-
t Jro as we all kio-v, phasj tell mo
the design of his creation and construc
tion if it is not solely and wholly fot
1 believe the African Slave trade wbs
right while it existed. I think the law
prohibiting it should bo repealed and
the trade reopened. I think slavery is a
blessing to the South. It is not an evil
nor a curse, and having it given to us by
God, and guaranteed to us by tho con
sitution and laws of the land, let us pro
tect and de.'end il "nt nil hazzards and
to the last extremity." The fact that a
fanatic North threatens to dissolve tho
Union, because wo insist upon our rights,
should not and I trust will not doter ua
for a moment from defending our rights.
If they are of so bail faith as to stand
with the constitution, that mutual con
iract and covenant in their hands and say
to us if you attempt to get up and secura
your rights under this instrument, the
Union must be dissolved, then let it bo
so. If wo have the law of the contract
lot us abide by it, letm enforce it bo tha
consequences as they may, and if wo are
not to have our rights in the Union, let
us have ihein oul of ihe Union. Tha
question is not Union or disunion, but
constitution or no constitution. The
question of Union is altoghthor colatiral
and has nothing to do with the point at
issue, have we rights, ought wo to pro
tect them, this is the question. iNot
what is to bo iha consequence of claim
ing our own, let us have our rights re
gardless of consequences. Why romain
in the Union if we aro not protected.
Thereby when 1 read articles for a "glo
rious Union," I cannot help thinking
they are things prepared for tho appe
tites of cowards and not lornoblemen and
There is as much good sense in re
maining in tho Union al a sacrtlice ot
right, and forfearofthe consequenaes of
disvnion as there would be in a jury re
turning a verdict against what they knew
to be law and evidence and assigning as
a reason, they were afraid of being whipt
if they did right and consequently pre
fered to do wrong. If such things keep
us in the Union, how much wo have de
generated since the days of '70, then o
handful of men dissolved the Union for a
cup of tea, and now millions are afraid
to do it for a negro.
Mr. Editor I leave the Union and pray
that it may continue so long as it has the
constitution for its basis but whenever
we must travel oul side of the constitu
tion for any purpose and surrender tha
sraalest right, I em for
A valid marriage may be elTeccfed
in Pennsylvania by the parlies in the
presence of witnesses declaring that
hev arp man arid wife.
It will cost 630,000 to pay off the
crew of the Niagara.
A young man, named Hubert
Hughes, committed suicide at St. Lou
is on Thursday. Disappointment in
ove affairs was the alleged occasion
of the act.
Assist the alllieted, if thou well
can; as for tears, ihey are but drop
vra'er, what good can they co

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