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THE WINCHESTER WEEKLY APPEAL.
A FAMILY NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO POLITICS, LOCAL INTERESTS, FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC NEWS, AGRICULTURE, MECiTANISM, EDUCATION- INDEPENDENT ON ALL SUBJECTS VOLUME 1. WINCHESTER, TENN. SATURDAY, JULY 12, 185G. NUMBER 22, IS PUBLISHED WEEKLV BY GEO- E. PURVIS AND WM. J. BLATTER. "terms of subscription. IS ADVANCE WITHIN SIX MONTHS, TWELVE MONTHS, t S 00 2 CO 3 00 INDUCEMENTS TO CLUBS. 3 copies $5 00; 10 copies $15 00; 5 copies 8 00; 15 copies 20 00. Responsibilities of Subscribers. Subscribers who do not give express notice to the con trary, are eousldered as wishing to continue their sub' ''ll 'subscribers order the iliscontinuence of their papers, the publisher may continue to send tlicin until all an cara- IfYuhscrihers remove to other places without Informing the publisher, and the paper is sent to the furmer direction, they are held responsible. Nbwspai-hii Law, To Postmaster. Post Masters are responsible for the subscription of a newspaper or magazine as Ions as thy allow it to lie re ceived at their oflice, when it is uncalled lor, or relh-wd by the person to whom it is directed. The rules or the lie imrtment require that a written note shall be sent to every publisher that his works lie dead in the oUice.-Nnwa-vavku Law. Agents for the Appeal. GEO K. CUOFUT. General Advertising Agpnt, 83 Dock trect. Philadelphia, is authorized asent lor the Ai-i-hai. In that city. All contracts made by him fur advertising will be fulfilled by us. nr i nnKKilEV. of Allum Creek. Bastrop county, Texas, is authorized agent to receive subscriptions for the Appeal. All werk ofthis kind considered due on delivery when charged the cost will be more, unless wo have accounts with those having such done. Is it not Proved! "Ten cent Jimmy," the Abolitionist and Federalist, was once so much in love with Democracy that he exclaim ed: "If I thpvght I had a drop of Demo cratic blood in my veins, I would open them and let it out." In June, 1837, the following letter was publish in the Lancaster Union, the Philadelphia Enquirer and other papers; and in 1815 republished in the , Union. Nor was this all, the Ilart-j ford Courant, to say nothing of a num-! ber of papers in the same year, 1815, 1 published it. In adition we observe that Peter Swindler, Esq., who heard the declaration, has published a simi lar letter. There are many living who heard Buchanan utter the words. The letter reads thus: Lancaster, May 31 1837. Dear Sib: Your favor of yesterday was duly received by me this morning, and in reply to the questions which you here address to me, I hasten to state that a number of years ago, when the Federal and Democratic parties were nearly equally balanced , in this country, I was passing the Court House one evening and was in formed by some persons that the Fed eralists were holding a meeting in at the time, and that the Hon. James Buchanan was addressing it. Al though I was a member of the Demo cratic party, I went into hear what he had to say, because I was always pleased with his delivery and his man ner of speaking. I had not been in the Court House long before he elevated his right hand above his head, and in an emphatic manner exclaimed: "If I thought I had a drop of Demo cratic blood in my veins I would let it out." I remember this distinctly, because I turned to some person who was standing near me at the time, and observed: "What a rash and im proper expression that is for any citi izen to make on such an occasion." I recalled it, too, because it was a direct and unprovoked attack upon the party to which I wawarmly and ar dently attached. From that time I ceased to entertain that respect for Mr. Buchanan that I had formerly done. Very respectfully. ANTHONY McGLINN. New Anecdote op Burns. Being in church one Sunday, and having some difficulty in procuring a seat, a young lady who perceived him, kindly made way for him in her pew. The text was upon the terrors of the Gospel, as denounced against sinners, to prove which, the preacher referred to sever al passages of Scripture,to all of which the lady seemed very attentive, but somewhat agitated. Burns, on per ceiving this, wrote with a pencil on the blank leaf of her Bible the follow ing lines: "Fair maid, you need not take the hint, Nor idle texts pursue; 'Twaa only ainners that he meant Mot angels such as you!" Nothing can constitute good breed ing that has not good nature for its foundation. Mr. Fillmore iu Albany. Below will be found Mr. Fillmore's speech in Albany New York, when he was received there by the Mayor and other citizens of the City. We want it to be read by every one into whose hands this paper may fall. Hand it round 'tis high-toned and can but elicit the admiration even of his po litical enemies: Mr. Mayor, and Fellow Citizens: This overwhelming demonstration of congratulation and welcome almost deprives me of the power of speech. Here nearly thirty years ago I com menced my political career. In this building 1 first saw a Legislative body in session, (cheers) but at that time it never entered into the aspirations of my heart that I should receive such a welcome as this, in the Capital of my native State. (Cheers ) You have been pleased, sir, to al lude to rny former services and my probable course, if I should be again called to the position ot Chief Magis trate of the nation, (Applause.) It is not pleasant to speak of one's self, yet I trust that the occasion will justi fy me in brieflly alluding to one or two events connected with my last admin istration. (Cheers.) You all know that when I was called to the execu tive chair by a breavement which overwhelmed the nation with grief, thatthe country was unfortunately ag itated from one end to the other upon the all exciting subject of Slaver)-. It was then, sir, that I felt it my duty to rise above every sectional preju dice and look to the welfare of the whole nation. (Applause.) I was compelled, to a certain extent, to overcome long cherished prejudices, and disregard party claims. (Great andprolongedapplau.se.) Hut in do ing this, sir, I did no more than was done by many abler and bettor men than myself. I was by no means the sole instrument, under Providence, in harmonizing those difficulties. (Ap plause ) There were at that time no ble, independent, high-souled men, iu both Houses of Congress, belonging to both the great political parties of the country Whigs and Democrats, who spurned the character of selfish party leaders (cheers.) rallied around my administration, in support of the great measures which restored peace to an agitated and di -traded country. By the blessings of Divine Providence, our .efforts were crowned with signal success, (cheers) and when I left the Presidential chair, the whole nation was prosperous and contented, and our relations with all foreign nations j were of the most amicable kind. (Cheers.) The cloud that hung upon the horizon was dissipated but where are we now? Alas! Threatened at home with civil war, and from abroad with a rupture of our peaceful rela tions. 1 shall not seek to trace the causes of this change, These are the facts and it is for you to ponder upon them. Of the present administration I have nothing to say, and can appre ciate the difficulties of administering this government, and if the present ex ecutive and his supporters have with good intention and honest hearts, made a mistake, I hope God may for give them as I do. (Loud and prolong ed applause.) But if there be those who have brought these calamities upon the country, for selfish or ambi tious objects, it is your duty, fellow citizens, to hold them to a strict re sponsibility. (Cheers.) The agitation which disturbed the peace of the country in 1850 was una voidable. It was brought upon us by the acquisition of new territory, for the govern of which it was necessa ry to provide territorial adniinisitra tion. But it is for you to say wheth er the present agitation, which dis tracts the country and threatens us with civil war, has not been reckless ly and wantonly produced by the adop tion of a measure to aid in personal advancement rather than in any pub lic good. (Cheers.) Sir, you have been pleased to say that I have the union of these States at heart. This, sir, is most true, for if there be one object dearer to me than any other, it is the unity, prosperity, and glory ofthis great Republic; and I confess frankly, sir, that 1 fear it is in danger. I say nothing of any partic ular section, much less of the several candidates before the people. I prc sumo they are all honorable men. But, sir, what do we see? An exas perated feeling between the North and South, on the most exciting of all topics, resulting in bloodshed and or ganized military array. But this is not all, sir. Ye see a political party presenting candidates for the Presidency and Vice Presiden cy, selected for the first time from the freo States alone, with the avowed purpose of electing these candidates by the suffrages of one part of the Un ion only, to rule over the whole United States. Can it be possible that those who are engaged in such a measure can have seriously reflected upon the consequences which must inevitably follow, in case of success? (Cheers.) Can they have the madness, or the fol ly to believe that our Southern breth ren would submit to be governed by such a Chief Magistrate? (Cheers.) Would he be required Xo follow the same rule prescribed by those who elected him, in making his appoint ments? If a man living South of Ma son and Dixon's line be not worthy to be President or Vice President, would it be proper to select one from the same quart er, as one of his Cabinet Council, or to represent the nation in a foreign country? Or, indeed, to col lect tile revenue, or administer the laws of the United States? If not, what new rule is the President to adopt in selecting men for oflice, that the people themselves discard in se lecting him? These arc serious, but practical questions, and in order to appreciate them fully, it is only necessary to turn the tables upon ourselves. Sup pose that the South, having a majori ty of the Electoral votes, should de clare that they would only have slave holders for President and Vice Prcsi ident; and should elect such by their exclusive suffrages to rule over us at the North. Do you think we would submit to it? No, not for a moment. (Applause.) And do you believe that your Southern brethren are less sensi tive on this subject than you are, or less jealous of their rights? (Tremendous cheering.) If you do, let me tell you that you are mistaken. And, there fore, you see that if this sectional par ty succeeds, it leads inevitably to the destruction of this beautiful fabric reared by our forefathers, cemented by their blood, and bequeathed to us as u priceless inheritance. I tell you, my friends, that I speak warmly on this subject, for I feel that we arc in danger. I urn determined to make a clean breast of it. I will wash my hands of the consequences, what ever they may br; and 1 tell you we arc treading on the brink of a volca no, that is liable at any moment to burst forth and overwhelm the nation. might by soft minis, hold out delusive hopes, and thereby win votes. Hut 1 can never consent to be one thing to the North and another to the South. I should despise myself if I could be guil ty of such evasion. ( I rcnienuous ap plause.) for ?i)j conscience would lull ask, with the dramatic poet "la there not some secret curse Some hidden thunder red with immortal wrath To blast the wretch who owes hid greatness To his country's mini" III the language of the lamented, im mortal Clay kid rather be. right than President." (Enthusiastic and prolonged cheers.) It seems to me impossible that those engaged in this, can have contempla ted the awful consequences of success. If it breaks asunder the bonds of our Union, and spreads anarchy and civil war through the land, what is it less than moral treason? Law and com mon sense hold a man responsible for the natural consequences of his act, and must not those whose acts tend to the destruction of the government, be equally held responsible? (Applause.) And let me also add, that when this Union is dissolved, it will not be divi ded into two Republics or two Monar chies, but broken into fragments, and at war with each other. But, fellow-citizens, I have perhaps said all that was necessary on this sub ject, and I turn with pleasure to a less important, but more agreeable topic. (Cheers.) It has been my fortune du ring my travels in Europe, to witness once or twice the reception of Royalty, in all the pomp and splendor ol milita ry array, where the music was given to order, and the cheers at word of command. But, formyscll, 1 prize the honest spontaneous throb of affection with which you have wclcomctl me back to my native State above all the pageants which royalty can display. -r-. . . ml i ...!,!. l. t (uhecrs.J inereiorc, wnu u neun overflowing with grateful emotion, I return you a thousand thanks, and bid you adieu, (l'rolongcd applause.; Tasso being told that he had a fair opportunity of taking advantage oi a very bitter enemy;"! wish not to plun der him," said he, "but there are things I wish to take away from him not his honor, his wealth, or his life but his ill will." Written for the Wlnclicstor Appeal ril.LIUOKU AM DOXULSOIV. BY LEWIS METCALFE. A shout, a shout! tho cannon's roar Is rolled ulong Atlantic's shore; Hill-top and valley hoar it on, And shout Fillmore and Doiiolson! Then westward rolls the swelling tide, Like waves that ocean's bosom ride, And Appalachian forests join To shout Fillmore and Donelson! Tho mighty west lifts up its voice, And all its woods andstrcatns rejoice, And all the lund of Washington Will bless Fillmore and Donelson! Dissention hears the joyous song, And quiet lulls the anjry tkrong The North, tho South the twain are ono To praise Fillinoro and Donelson. A nation's hands are busy now, Entwining cliaplels for their brows, And vict'ry waits to place them on Our own Fillmore and Donelson! THE FI ICS'S1 AM) LAST ROICV. My firsl-boni, my first-born! shall I e'er forget tho charm That filled with happiness my heart, when on my clasping arm Thy little head was pillowed, when I laid thee on my breast, And wept for very joy as I watched thy tran quil rest? Shall I e'er forget thy father's smile, and tho beaming eye, that still A glittering 'ear of joy and pride as ho looj. ed on thee would fill? The ccstacy of those dear hours can my spirit e'er forget? O no! they haunt my memory, like stars that cannot set! My gentle, helpless laat-born! how differently I hailed Thy coining, 'midst the clouds of care that my life's full summer veiled! My stars of hope and love wero gone my mind was full of fears; And the tears f shed on thy smooth face, O, they were bitter tears! Hushed was his voice that blessed my first his lip no longer smiled, There was no father's cyo togoze with rap ture on my child; And 0! how di flu rent from that first sweet sun ny ecslacy, Was the serious deep, and chastened buss, my baae, I had in tlico! My first-born, my first-born! how open was his brow! How like his father's was his eye, alas! 'tis like it now! How sweetly did the chestnut curls upon his forehead wave! And now they lie, unstirred, within tho dark and voiceless grave: Like some full-leaved yet fallen tree, with its young and tender shoot The sire and.son together rest, all motionless and mute: Tho first two treasures that I called mine own, of all earth's store, S'cep with death's curtains drawn around, to greet thcsccycs no more. My last-born, my last-born it cheers mo still to trace Thy father's lip, thy brother's eye, upon thy lovely face; Even now thy dear unconscious hand twines sportive in my hair Thy lip hath just as bright a smile as my lost love used to wear: I clnfp thee to my bosom, and I find a gentle blis- A comfort to my wounded heart, that nought can give but this: 0 my first babe! thou wast a (lower to wreath the brows of love; But when love's light failed, this last was sent a sweet star from above. A lad on delivering milk a few mor nings ago was asked why the milk was so warm. "I don't know," he replied with much simplicity, "unless they put warm va ter into it instead oi cold." Wearyour learning like your watch, in a private pocket, and don't pull it out to show that you have one; but if you are asked what o clock it is, tell it. The tongue is like a race-horse, it runs the faster the less weight it car ries. A hypocrite is worse than an atheist An atheist is but a ridiculous dcrider of piety but a hypocrite makes a stand mgjest of religion. There is no policy like politeness and a good manner is the best thing in the world, either to get a good name or to supply the want of it. Little Kindnesses. "Tis sweet to do something for thoso that we love, Though the favor bo ever so small. " Brothers, sinters, did you ever try the effect which little acts of kindness produce upon that charmed circlo we call home? Wo love to receive little favors ourselves; and how pleasant the reception of them makes the cir cle! To draw up tho arm chair and get the slippers for father, to watch if any little service can be rendered to mother, to help brother or assist sister, how pleasant it makes home! A little boy has a hard lesson given him at school, and his teacher asks himifhe thinks he can get it; for a mo ment the little fellow hangs down his head, but the next he looks brightly up. ' I can get my sister to' help me," he says. That is right, sister, help lit tle brother, and you are binding a tie around his heart that may save him in many an hour ol dark temptation. "I don't know how to do this sum, but brother will show me," says anoth er little one. "Sistci, I've dropped a stitch in my knitting; I tried to pick it up, but it has run down, and I can't fix it." The little girl is flushed, and she watch es her sister with a nervous anxiety, while she replaces the "naughty stitch." "O, I am so glad," she says, as she receives it again from the hands of her sister, all nicely arranged; "you are a good girl, Mary." "Bring it to me sooner next time, and then it won't get so bad," says the gentle voice of Mary, as the little one bounds away with a light heart to fin ish her task. If Mary had not helped her she would have lost her walk in the gar den. Surely, it is better to do as Ma ry did, than to say, "O, go away and don't trouble me," or to scold the little one all the time you are performing the trilling favor. Little acts of kindness, gentle words, loving smiles they strew the path of lie with llowers; they make the sun shine brighter, and the exeen earth greener; and he who bade us 'love one another Jooks with lavor upon tne . i i '.if . t gentle and kind-hearted, and he pro nounccd the meek-blessed. Brothers, sisteru, love one another, fonc oll'cp.d, forgive and love him still; and whatever may be the faults of others, we must remember that, in the sight of God, we have others as great and perhaps greater than theirs. Be kind to the little ones; they will often be fretful and wayward. Be patient with them, and amuse them. How often a whole laniily ot little . it i ones are restored to poou numor oy an elder member proposing some new play, and perhaps joining in it, gath ering them around her while she re lates some pleasant story! And brothers, do not think because you are stronger, it is unmanly to be grentle to your little brothers and sis ters. True nobleness of heart, and true manliness ol conduct, are never coupled with pride and arrogance. Nobility and gentleness go hand in hand; and when I see a young gentle man kind and respectful to his mother, and gentle and forbearing to his brothers and sisters, I think he has a noble heart. Ah! many a mother's and many a sis ter's heart has been wrung by the cold nrjrlect and stiff unkindness ot those whom God has made their natural protectors. Brothers, sisters, never be unkind to one another, never be ashamed to help one another, never be ashamed to help any one, and you will find that though it id pleasant to receive favors, yet it is more bless, d to give than to re ceive. Sunday School Advocate. Soi.iTi-nE. It has been said that he who retires to solitude is either a beast or an angel; the censure is too severe and the praise unmerited; the discon tented being, who retires lrnm society, is generally some good-natured man who has begun his life without expe rience, and knows not how to gain it in his intercourse with mankind. Goldsmith. Men arc more civilized ly their pleasure than their occupations. This dispenses not only with ceremony, but often with common civ ility; and we should become rude, repulsive and un gracious, did wc not recover in our re creations the urbanity which, in the bustle of our labors, we disregard. Piety which does not sweeten a man's natural temper, may be compar ed to fruit before it is ripe good in, its kind, but not arrived at perfection. Saturday Wight. We have read nothing happier of more beautifully expressed, for a long time, than the following. There is po etry and true genial feeling in it: Saturday night! How the heart of the weary man rejoices, as with lib; week's wages in his pocket, ho hie. him home to gather his little one around him, and to draw consolation from his hearthstone for the many hard hours he has toiled to win his pit tance, Saturday night! How thu poor woman sighs for every relief a she realizes that again God has sent her time for rest; and though her re wards have been small, yet she is con tent to live on, for even her heart builds in the future, a home where 'tis always Saturday eve. How the carf worn man of business relaxes his brow and closing his shop, saunters delib erately around to gather up a little gossip ere he goes quickly home to take a little rest. How softly the young man pronounces the word, for n bright-eyed maiden is in waiting, and and this Saturday night! shall be a blessed time for him. There will br low words spoken at the garden gate, and there will be a pressure of hands, perhaps a presstue of lips blessed Saturday night. To all Heaven has given a little leaven which works in the heart to stir up the gentle emo tions, and Saturday night alone seems the meet and luting time for dreaming gentle dreams. Blessed Saturday night, and we can but pray that through life we may bear with us the rememberance of its many holy hours, now gone into the far Past; memories which every Saturday eve but recalls like a benediction pronounced by one loved and gone. How Scholars arc Made. Costly apparatus and splendid cabi- nets have no magical powers to make scholars. In all circumstances, as a man is, under God, tho maker of his own fortune, so is he the maker of his own mind. The Creator has so con structed the human intellect that it can grow only by its own action, and by its own action it will most ccrtain- y and necessarily grow. Every man must, therefore, in an important sense, educate himself. Ilis book and teach er are but helps; the work is his. A man is not educated until he has the ability to summon, as an act of emer gency, all his mental powers in vigor ous exercise to effect his proposed obJ ject. It is not the man that has seen most, or has read most, who can do this; such a one is in danger of being borne down, like a beast of burden, b an overloaded mass of other men's thoughts. Nor is it the man who can boast merely of native vigor and capac ity; the greatest ot all the warriors that went to the seige of Troy, had not the 1 i i pre-eminence uecause nature nau giv en him strength, and he carried the largest bow, but because self-discipline had taught him how to bend it. Daniel Webster. Dr. Dwight once closed a sermon on "the happiness of heaven," with the following beautiful smile: "To the eye of man the sun appears a pure light; a mass of unmingled glo ry. Were we to sscend with a contin ued flight towards this luminary, and could, like the eagle, gaze directly on its lustre, we should in our progress behold its greatness continually en large, and its splendor become every moment more intense. As wc rose through the heavens, we should see a litttle orb, changing, gradually, into a great world; and, as we advanced nearer and nearer, should behold it. expanding every way, until all tha! was before us became an universe of excessive and universal glory. Thus the heavenly inhabitant will, at the commencement of his happy existence, see the divine system filled with mag nificence and splendor, and arrayed iu glory and beauty; and as he advancer over and through the successive peri ods of duration, will behold all things more and more luminous, transporting and sun-like forever." The youth who can sneer at exalted virtue, need not wait for ago and expe rience, to commence a consumaU knave. All professions, it is said, have their mysteries these are precisely V-.o points in which consists their weak ness or knavery. As reasonably expect oaks from n mushroom-bed. as great and durable products from small and hasty efforts. Experience U the fathrr. and mem orv the mother of wisdom.