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i ii ii nil LEWIS METCALFE, EDITOR. WINailESTEIt: SATURDAY, jVly'iOTH, l50. From llii! .New OricmiH lii'lln. ill It. Jil IIAIVA M FOS1TIOJV OS the slavery ti estion. On tlio 27 tti of December, lb37, Mr. Calhoun f-uljiniltcl to ihe Sonn'u tlmt relelirated Kurius of resolutions tlio grcnt ohjocts of which were to r-c.t forth with pruc'iMO.'i mil force tin; constituliontil rights of the ."I jvchol liii' Sunns; nnd to attract to their support nn enlightened jin'ilic opinion ageing tlio attacks of Northern fanaticism. Tlio second roso- liuion va.s in tli:!Si: wor ls: Lallioun a Vior!, voluni'j 8, pau 140 : 'Resolved, Thai in delegating a por tion of their power to In; exercised ly tlio Federal (iovernnjont, the .Stales retained, severally, the exclusivo and sole rii;ht over their own domestic institution nnd police, an 1 arc alone responsible for ihein, and that any intermeddling of any one or more Slates or a combination of their citizens, with the domestic institti lions and police of the others r,a any ground, or under any pretext whatever, political, moral or religious, with n view to their altoratioii or subversion, is on as sumption of superiority not warranted by the Constitut'on, insulting to the Stale interfered with, tending to endanger their domestic peace and tranquility, subver sive of the objects for which the Consti tution was formed, and by necessary con sefjutincii, tending to weaken and destroy Uio Union itself." Mr. .Morris, of Ohio, who was then t ho only avowed abolitionist in the .Sca nt), moved to strike out the words "moral or religious." Had the motion prevaib d, the e fleet would have been to encourage agitation in the form in which it would be most likely to be most fatal to the South. It would have been a direct encourage ment to the abolitionized clergy of the North to take the very course which was taken by the "three thousand and fifty divines" who, in 1851, sacrilegiously as sumed, "in the name of Almighty God, and in his presence," to denounce ihe re peal of the Missouri Compromise a "a violation of plighted faith and a breach of a national c ontract." Subsequent events hnvo abundantly attested the truth of what Mr. Calhoun said, when arguing against the motion, "that the whole spirit of tlio resolution hinged upon that word religious." The voto being taken on Mr. Morris' amendment, it stood as follows: Con gressional Clobe, vol.0, page 74. : Yeas-Messrs, llayard, BUCHANAN, Clayton, Davis, McKeon, Morris, Pren liss, Hobbins, Ruggles, Smith of Indiana, Southard,! Swift, Tipton ami Webster 14. Nays Messrs. Allen, Black, Brown, Calhoun, Clay of Alabama, Clay ofKen t licit y, Cutbhert, Fulton, Hubbard, King, Knight, Linn, Lumpkin, Lyon, Nicholas, Niles, Norvull, Pierce, Preston, Rives, Roane, Robinson, Sevier, Smith of Con necticut, Strange, Wnlkcn, Wall, White, Williams, Wright aid Young 31. Tbo fifth resolution to which Mr. Cal houn here referred, ami which he justly regarded as the most important of all, and struggled" most perseveringly to have passe I without amendment, was as fol lows : "Resolved, That tlio intermeddling of any S'.uto or States, or their citizens, to abolish slavery in this District or in any of the Territories, on the ground or under the pretext, that it is immoral or sinful, or the passago of any act or measure of Congress, with that view, would be a di rect ami dangerous attack on the institu tions of all the slavrholdirig States." This resolution covered the whole ground. It met the issue boldly and fully. No southern democrat can hosilaic to say that it einhodio I a great truth, to which acuta have borne the most emphatic tes timony. Mr. Clay, of Kentucky, moved to strike it out and insert the following as u substitute : "Resolved, That when the District of Columbia was ceded by the States of Vir ginia ami Maryland to the United States, domestic slavery existed in both of those States, including the coded territory; and that, as it still continues in both of them, it could not be abolished within the Dis trict without u violation of that good faith which was implied in tlio cession, and in tho acceptance of the territory, nor, un less compensation were made for the laves, without a manifest infringement of tho Constitution of the United Slates; nor without exciting a degree of just alarm and apprehension in the States recogni- u 5 sittvcty, iur iransccnuiiig, in mischiev ous tendency, any possible bent fit which would be accomplished by ihe abolition." (Congressional Clobe, vol. 0, page 58. The utter insufficiency of this temporiz ing amendment scarcely need be pointed out. Objectionable as it was, in conced ing to Congress the con-tiltitionnl power to abolish slavery in tho District of Co lumbia, and declaring against ihe cxer rise of that power only on tho ground of expediency, it was ttill mire so in this, that it ma le no referi-nec whatever to ihe Territories of the United Status. The pns'age of Mr. Calhoun's resolution would bao committed tho Senatf, not only against tho iibolitien of slavery in hd District of Columbia, but also against the a plication of the W'ilmot proviso nun uind red mmsvns to thr lemtorics. Mr. Clay'? amendment a cnn'rely silent on the K'ih tt. It h tr::t, that in mother' resolution which he propped to hove I .vlopfc.l ts an n Milou! mm udmeiit, it woi ilecinrp I thai ihe abolition of slavt-rv in th'. Tfrrifrv of Kb ri.'n wnl f be hi?hl," Vf tft ctfu', pr-iiripailv (or ihe icoa"ibll i' vuuM in vioj,'m f n salttu'i oiipion-' n? id-- ni ;i ;!i!pd'!'' and criticnl period in tho history of tho country, by which, while slavery was prohibited North, it was admitted South of tho lino of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes North latitude," Tlio defect in the first amendment can hardly bo con sidered by Southern men as remedied by another which recognized tho binding forco of the Missouri Compromise. On the question to strike out Mr. Cal houn's resolution arid insert Mr. Clay's amendment, after it had been modified by striking out the part relating to the com pensation for slaves, tho voto stood, yeas lfl, nays IS. Congressional Globe, vol. (1. page 02. Mr. Bitiiajun's name stands recorded in the affirmative. On a subsequent occasion, Mr. Cal houn, with a view to infuse vitality into Mr. Clay's amendment, moved to insert that any attempt of Congress to abolish slavery in the Territories, "would bo a dangerous attack upon the States in wiTich slavery exists. Mr. Jluihanan opitis:d the amendment and it was in reply to his speech that Mr. Calhoun made the remarks which may be found in the third volume of his works, pages 194 to 1!)C, and which he commenced by say ing that "the remarks of the Senator from Pennsylvania were of such a character that ho could not permit them to pass in silence." From theso voles an I this language of Mr. Buchanan, it is clear: 1st. That he was not opposed to tho religious agitation of the slavery ques tion a species of agitation which Mr. Calhoun justly regarded as more fatal than any other. 2 1. That he recognized the constitu tional jmirer of Congress to abolish sla very in ihe District of Columbia, oppos ing its exercise only on the ground of its inexpediency a proposition which the position of Mr. Van Buret) shows affords no reliable protection to Southern insti tutions. 3 1. That he refused to commit himself fully on the groat question as to the low er of Congress over the Territories of tho United States, and as far as he did go, evidently left it to be understood that the abolition of slavery by Congress, in those Territories, would be " no attack on the States in which it exists." If his opinions in these respects, have undergone any material change, the coun try has not yet been authoritatively ap prised of tho fact. The reflections cost by him on tho institution of slavery, in one of his speeches in England, anil the studied design he has manifested to keep aloof from the excitoment growing out of the repeal of tho Missouri Compromise, are not well calculated to inspire confi deuce, that if his views have undergone any change, it has been a change for the better. I'roin the Louisville Courirr, LI I K'S M'UIIVCjI TIM I- nY W. P. HRANNAN. 0, time of wild but sweet unrest, When hope is ever on ihe wing When life is like the bloom of spring And mortals are supremely blest Of thee, 0 youth, I fain would sing! When earth is so like Paradise, And Heaven breathes forth in evfry gale, Where lovers tell tho olden tale, And gaze out life with spell-bound eyes Beneath the stars that kiss the vale. In fancy let me dream again That boyhood pleasures linger still Till every pulso with raptures thrill Forgetful all, of woo and pain, And ago with its sad churchyard chill. Let me recall those halcyon days Fro yet 1 knew the world's deceit, The lying eye, the smiling cheat Words once spoke in honied phrase Twere gall and wormwood to repeat Thrice happy ihey who leave this life Fre age with its attendant train Of sin and sorrow, care and pain, And all the bitter pangs of strife Has bound them with a hopeless chain. Thero comes no second spring to man, The bloom once fled is gone for aye; His life becomes a summer's day Till autumn hastens out his span And Winter-Death secures the prey. The Brownsville, Tenn., Journal, a red mouthed JSair iN'icht paper, "hns died a natural death." Wo. are .sorry to hear this on "Old Gait's" account, and especially on the account of the American party the Journals course, by its very coarseness and bitterness, li.iung been calculated to benefit the American cause. The Philadelphia Hullitin (neutral paper) says: "As Peiinsylvnnians we cannot, it is true, raise a shout of jubilation over tho choice of Mr. nichanan. lor al though he h a Pennsylvanian, we can discover, in the lonr course of his pub lie life, no single act he lias done for tlx? elevation of the .State's character, or for the promotion, of her policy." l'nii.tUF.UMitA, July 11. The old line Wliiys of Maryland yesterday adopted a platform. As for the Presidential candidates now in the field, they re gard Fremont as unqualified and the principles of the Republican party un constitutional. Mr. Buchanan's Os lead doctrines arc dangerous to tho Pp,',cc of tIie country; but Mr. Fillmore l,IL. "eciarn to be tnc only man to rc- srore tranquility to the country. Heiiion. the Van Rurrns. F.P. Hlair aii'l!ie iiifatjiotis Rt.-rtlcr, nrr all up aii'I nut for Iini'hiuian. their brother " rrmilrr oivl An'i-AiiKrioin. Cun good come out of Nazareth! We have been astonished to find the following comments in tho Washing ton Union (tri-weekly) of tho 2d July, on a portion of Mr. Fillmore' Albany speech: Mr. Fillmore has exposed the disun ion character of the black republican nomination with great clearness and boldness. His argument is unanswer able. The Philadelphia convention took tho first step in the work of dis union. It ignored an entire section of tho confederacy, and declared by its action that to be a citizen of a southern State is a disqualification for for President or Vice President. This is nothing mote or less than undisguis ed disunion, and we rejoice that Mr. Fillmore has raised his voice against so dangerous an experiment upon the strength of our confederation. To this portion of his speech we invite the earnest attention of every lover of his country. The. Cincinnati Enquirer (democrat) of the lid inst. says: Words of Sobernkss and Wisdom Mb. Fillmore's Srmait at Albany. We republish in our editorial columns the following extract from the late speech of Mr. Fillmore, at Albany. N. Y. Jt contains words of soberness and wisdom, that address themselves to the reason of every intelligent man. The success of the Black Republican par ty would be followed, as certain as that day follows night, by disunion and civil war. Mr. Fillmore says: (Here follows an extract from the speech.) The ease is stated correctly by the Whig fix-President, and fact must sink deep into the minds of our country men. The attempt of a party existing in the free States alone which, out of a million of votes in the slave Stales, does not number live thousand to govern the whole United States upon a sectional issue, can never suc ceed. Our southern brethren cannot be shut out of a participation in the affairs of the General Government without the consequences taking place to which Mr. Fillmore alludes; yet, potent as this truth is, we find cit izens of Cincinnati even which would be utterly ruined by a dissolution of the Union favoring the ticket whose success would be certain to produce it, and running recklessly into the pit which rascally demagogues have pre pared for them. Success prompts to exertion, and habit facilitates success. Habit also gives promptness, and the soul of dis patch is decision, One may write a book or paint a picture, while anoth er is deliberating about a paint or a ti tle page. The more we do, the more we wm do. If we go forward with spirit and confidence we shall succeed. The best arc idle half the time, and ho who does nothing renders himself in capable of doing anything, while ca pacity is invigorated bv occasions of necessity. Our expenditure of in tellectual wealth makes us rich, and we acquire ideas by imparting them. Voughkcrpsic Tdegraph. Disr-ARiTV of Fortunes. It was the remark of an elderly gentleman, while speaking ol disparity ol for tunes, especially on the wife's side in marriage, thatwhen he married he had twenty cents and his wife twenty, and that she had been holding up that five cents to him ever since. BIAKl'Elt.V NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE. One hundred and sixty-eight thousand cop insure now printed of Harper's New Monthly Magazine. The cost ol' contributions and II lustrationa for each number exceeds $'iri00. Moro than thirty thousand dollars a year is thus paid by the Magazine to American au thors and artists. The Publishers beg to renew their thanks to the Public for tho extraordinary favor with which tho Magazine lias been received. No labor or expense will bo spared to render it Htill more worthy of tho unparalellcd success il tins achieved. "Little Porrit," the new and charming Tale by L'iiai.es Dickens, now being issued in Eng land in Monthly parts, at Twenty-five cents each, is republished in this .Magazine, with oil tho Illustrations, at a cost to Subscribers of about TWO CENTS each! It was commenc ed in the January number. It is tho foremost Magazine of ihe day. Tho fireside never had a more delightful com panion, nor tlio million a moro entertaining friend than Harpers Magazine. Methodist l'ritestant (Baltimore). Tlio most popular monthly in the wold. It has become one oflhe literary wonders of this country. Almost exclusively composed oflhe works of American authors and artists, it pnys its contributors twenty-five hundred dollars nwwil tt It is a happy circmnstanco that it, aims at the highest stondard ofliterature and i the purest of morals in all its pagcs.-N. Y. ! I Tehms. 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A full assortment of Ambrotype, Photo graphic and Daguerrenn stock and apparatus kept constantly on hand and for salo at the lowest market ensh prices. Ma.lo' ly Piano Fortes, Looking Classes, Ac DEALERS IN I'ianosV'MeloiIcoiis, Window Shades, Artist's Materials, Cabinet Makers' Materials, Oil Puintinirs and Engravings, French V indow Glass, Sic. Manufacturers of Gilt Mantle and Pier Look ing Glasses, Portrait and Picture Frames, Inside Window Blinds, &,c, No. I a College St., Nashville, Tcnn Marl3 IJFT & A P UIO IT, No. 15, Cedar Street, Nashville, Tennessee, DEALERS and Manufacturers of Gents' Fine Ueady-Mado Clothing, and Clothing made to order in tho best manner; Gents' fur nishing Goods of every description and finest quality: Such as Collars, Suspenders, Gloves, Half-hose, Cravats, Stocks, Neck-tics; White Cotton and Linen Shirts; Silk, Woolen, Cotton, Merino nnd Cashmere Under-shirts and Draw ers; and cveryihing required to render a gen tleuiiin's Wardrobe Complete. February 1, '50 ly. PI KMTlIti; DEPOT. JOIS.V F,iTTKMlSO.Y No. 10, Collf.gr, St., NASHVILLE, TENN. A 11 kinds of Furniture, Clocks, Lamps, always on hand and for sale Wholesale and Retail. . Marl" ly i EAST TENNESSEE MARBLE WORKS, IiY CHARLES SCILM1TT, K iiox v i! le Tennessee. Continues the business of Murblo Manut'ac lujing lit, the old stand, adjoining William Ingle's .Mills and Waro Rooms, on Cumber land Street, opposite the Coleman House, and west of Coffin's old stand, where he keeps constantly on hand a large assortment of work, such as Monuments, Tombs, Grave stones, Statuary, Fountains and Urns, of the latest style, and of the finest and best East Tennessee Marble, which is highly spoken of aero anu elsewhere. Ho has had experience in Mardlo Manu facturing for the last twelve years, especially in the largest cities of Europe, and in the United States; he flatters himself that he feels nblo to fill all orders concerned with the above business to a satisfaction, at short notice and cheaper than the cheapest. Drawings of the above work will be sent to any Post Otlicc in the State ; so persons abroad have a chanco to purchaso by letter, as well as if they were hero personally. OCT Tho East Tennessee Marble Works received the premiums ofTcred by the Fairs held at Loudon, Tenn., October 2Hd, 1355, nnd at Knoxville, October 30th, 1355, for the best work in Marble. Refer to James Harris, C. R. Embrey, B. S. Tcmpleton, Nathan Frizzell, and others, in Winchester. C. M. FARMER, agont for Franklin county. Particular otten'ion will bo paid jo boxing ami packing tor transportation. Feb '50 ly BOOKS 1'OU SALE. Sober and Temperate Life : discourses and letters and biography of Louis Carnnro; 30c. Tobacco: ihrce prize essays by Drs. Trull, Shew, and Baldwin; 15cts. Teeth: their structure, disease, and treat ment; with numerous illustrations; 15cts. Future of Nations: in what consists its se curity. A lecture. By Kossuth. With a likeness; 12 cts. Practice of Water-Cure : containing a de tailed account of the various processes used in tho water-treatment, etc. By Wilson and Gully. 30 cts. Watcr-Curo applied to every known dis easea now theory. A coinplcto demonstra- 1,0,1 m l, auvana?es ol the Hydropathic V?om c,urin7, dlsen.,ic?; howiitf also the lunacy of tho allopathic method, and utter ''l' lo cffc?t.a Pe,r";ncnt wh ap- pe, c',n,"ininff o hydropa'hic diet, and ,, V , ' ?n -? "J?""0 n 'c- "yP8"'10 iy Physician: A remedy presenber nnd hyg.cmc adviser, with refer- - ,ndc, ll'uftraiea with nearly J'W engravings- By Joel Shew, M D. One r' 'u " 01 o-w pages, suosianuaiiy t,0 Jn1- ce PrePa,1 bY mal'. W. We have these book 3 on hand. hi. si.les ten or twelve other works, bv pIriinnt arsons on TTv,irnnW Mni ... r m ' v "- w,e scl1 at, .u,te reduced price, Also some works on Phrenology that av one raav have cheap. ' PURVIS & FLATTER. LOCAL DIRECTORY. CHURCHES. CUMBERLAND PRESBYTERIAN. Rov. A. J. Baird, Pastor, METHODIST EPISCOPAL. Rev. F. A. Kimble, TaBtor. MISSIONARY BAPTIST. Rev. A. D. Trimblo, Pastor, CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Rev. Eielibaum, Pastor. I'RIMITIVE BAPTIST. Rev. I. E. Douthit, rastor. SCHOOLS. MARY SHARP COLLEGE. Z. C. Graves Pres't. WINCHESTER FEMALE ACADEMY. Rev. J. G. Riddle, Trine ipul. CARRICK ACADEMY. R. P. Griffith, Principal. COUNTY OFFICERS. L. W. Gonco, Shcriir. James Mason, ) John w. Smith, f 1 Nathan Frizzell, Circuit Court Clerk. William E. Taylor, County Court Clerk. Adam Hancock, Register. William Stewart, Trustee. JohnT. Slattcr, Ranger. A. G. Handley, Surveyor. John P. Weddinjton, Coroner. Foster, Chairman County Court. TIMES OF HOLDING COURTS. Circuit Court 4th Monday in March, July and November. Hon. A. J. Murehbanks, presiding Judge ; George J. Stubblefield, Attorney General. Chancery Court Wednesday after tho third Monday in February and August ; Hon. 15. L. Ridley, Chancellor; Hugh Francis, Clerk &. Master. MASONIC. Cumberland Lodge, No. 158, meets on first Wednesday evening of each month, at Ma sonic Hall. John Frizzell, W. 51. Adam Hancock, Sec. I. O. O. F. Union Lodge, No. 1!), meets every Thurs day evening, at Odd Fellows' Hall. John G. Enoch, N. G. George II. Lcfever, Sec. SONS OF TEMPERANCE. Mountain Division, No. 05, meets every Saturday evening at Temperance Hall. John G. Enochs, W. P. COMMON COUNCIL. Meets second Monday evening in every month. Mayor, John Frizzell. ALDERMEN. 1st Ward, N. R. Martin, B. Templetnn. 2. M. M. Henderson, Henry Hall. 3. " Peter Turney, S. B. Tearce. 4. Thos. J. Jackson, W.E.Walker Cons'able, Ad un Hancock. Clerk, Thomas J. Jackson. MAILS. Mail from Railroad arrives 1 o'clock, F M " for Railroad closes strictty 5 o'c, ' " Mail from Iluntsvillcarrivesahout 0 o'c, P M " for " closes 12 o'clock, M G. A. SHOOK, P. M. March 2'J, '5G. SIMS' UOtSE, North-East corner of the Public Square, WINCHESTER, TENNESSEE. Mrs. Sims, formerly oflhe Winchestot Springs, has opened a house of PUBLIC EN TERTAINMENT in tho town or Winches ter, where she would be pleased to receive a portion of tho Public Patronage. She pledges herself to render all comfortable who may give her acall, promising to furnish her tab'n with the best the country affords. Mar 15 tf CITY 110 1 IX. JOHN W. THOMAS, PROPRIETOR. SOUTH 81 HE PUBLIC SQUARE, Miirfrccsboro', Tennessee. THIS commodious house has just been erec ted, and having been well fitted up with new and elegant furniture in all apartments is now open for the reception of permanent and tran sient boarders, and for the accommodation of the travelling public. The Proprietor promises a first class Hotel, and hopes to receive a share of patronage. February 10, '50 ly. ST 13 WART HOI ST. J. W. STEWART, PROPRIETOR, WEST SIDE rt'BLIC SQUARE, MniTrcesboro', Tennessee. THIS house has been recent! v fitted nn. and newdv furnished. Tho Pronrietor will spare no pains to mako it a first class Hotel, ana noposio receive auueral6nare of patron age. February 10, '56 ly. MASSICOT iioim;, Market Street. Two doors North of the Square, orPOSITE the m, Nashville, Tennessee. W. L. BERRY", having taken charge of this house, is prepared to acccommodaio all who may favor him with a call, with good rooms and board atabout half the charges of the larrrn hotels. Thankful fnr ttin lil.nml patronaga heretofore extended, he solicits a continuance of the same, and hopes togive en tire satisfaction. Good accommodation for horses. ft7" House onen at all hour, find mpnla finished to suit Railroad time. February 1G, '50 tf. ST. CLOUD IIOTFX, D. T. SCOTT, PPvOPRIETOR, Corner Spring and Summer Streets, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE. vij:a 1)111 IIOTFX. THE subscriber having disposed of tho Crutchcr House, and taken charge of this Ho tel, he hopes by prompt attention, and moder ate bills, to meet a liberal share of public pat ronage. TboStaso Office is kept at this Hotel, cor. ner of Cedar and Cherry streots, opposite the Post Office, Nashville. Tenn. ACTON VOUNG, Sup't. February 16, j0 tf. BLANKS of overt kind, printed on fine paper, and for : sale at 75 cents Dr mire. rh. at ih Annual i offlc. Blink printed ro order oa low farms. : MISCELLANEOUS, TERMS OF ADVERTISING. ' Advertisements inserted at one dollar square for the first, and fifty cents for each subsequent insertion. 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We hope those having need of such work will send in their orders, and we pledge ourselves to fill them in a manner that will give satisfaction to all whom ay ftvor us with their patronnge. PURVIS & SLATTER. A. If. ROsCOE, M. D., Successor to VV. F. Gray, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DRUGGIST, Dealer in Medicines, Paints, Oils, Dye Stuffs, &c, Corner of Broad and Market Streets, NASHVILLE, TENN. maris lv LEWIS METCALFE, ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR AT LAW WINCHESTER, TENNESSEE, Will give prompt attention to all claims en trusted to him. COLYAR & FRIZZELL, ATTORNEYS & COUNSELORS AT LAW WINCHESTER. TENN. THE BRITISH PERIODICALS AND THE FARMER'S GUIDE ! Great reduction in the price of the latter Publication ! L SCOTT & CO., New York, continue to publish the following leading British Periodi cals, viz : The London Quarterly, (Conservative) The Edinburgh Review, (Whip) The North British (Free Church) The Westminster Review, (Liberal) Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine. 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THE FARMER'S GUIDE TO SCIENTIFIC AND PRACTICAL AGRICULTURE : By Henry Stephens, F R S, of Edinburgh, and the late J P Norton, Professor of Sci entific Agriculture in Yale College, New Haven. 2 vols, royal octavo 1600pg and numerous wood and steel Engravings. This is, confessedly, the most comple work on Agriculture ever published, and ia order to give it a wider circulation tbe pub Wishers have resolved to reduce the price to riVB DOLLARS FOR THE TWO VOLUMES I When sent by mail (post paid) to Califor nia and Oregon the prico will be ftf. To very other part of the Union and to Canads (post paid) $6. This work is xot the old "Book of the Farm." Remittances for any one of the above pub locations should always bo addressed, pott paid, to the publishers LEONARD SCOTT &, CO., f sbl No. M Gold street, N. Y.