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VOLUME 2 NUMBER 22. THE GREENEVILLE DAILY SUN, T. APRIL 23, 1919. FIFTEEN CENTS A WEEK TAGE" OF CE ClffiM 1LI bZa ma an 1 TT iii A X Italians Say President Wilson's Statement Broken Up Conference THE OR EENEV DA 11S1 SERIOUS S TrlFl'lP ,1 mjci Ik REACHED Most Serious Crisis of Entire Peace Conference Has Been Reached WASHINGTON, April 23. (By United Press.) President frtaon has demanded a show down before the Italian people with the Foreign Minister Baron Sonnino on the subject of Fi nnic i His paris statement today means a most serious crisis to the entire peace conference, which has been reached, according to men here intimately in touch with the situation. Italian Delegates Will Not Attend Meeting of German Peace Delegates ROME, Tuesday, April 22. (By United Press.) The Paris correspondent of the newspaper Tribuiia reported today that the Italian delegates will not attend the meeting with German peace delegates at Versailles. The correspondent the failure of Monday's conference and characterized the situation as grave. Czecho-Slovak Troops Advancing Along Forty-five Mile Front On Serbians VIENNA, April 23. (By United Press.) Czecho-Slovak troops are reported advancing along a forty-five mile front. The Serbian forces are moving northward between Tisza and the Danube and the Roumanian troops are approaching the Danube. Weather Conditions Still Unfavorable For Start of Trans-Atlantic Flight ST. JOHNS, N. F., April 23. (By United Press.) Weather conditions still are very unfavorable for the next forty-eight hours, was the gloomy report today, with the airplane crews ready to start the trans-Atlantic flight. Five Southern Ports Will Ask Shipping Board For Ships For Their Latin American Trade, Tomorrow WASHINGTON, April 23. (By United Press.) Accepting the prediction of the United States shipping board that the re juverated merchant marine will-soon send American ships upon the seas, delegations representing the five southern ports, Char leston, Wilmington, Brunswick, Savannah and Jacksonville will march up on thl shipping board tomorrow and ask allocation of fourteen ships for their Latin-American trade. Senator Borah Charges Studied And Persistent Effort at Secrecy In Regard to League of Nations WASHINGTON, April 23. (By United Press.) Senator Borah today charged studied and persistent effort at secrecy with respect to the League of nations covenant and demanded that the State Department make public immediately a revised list just received from Paris. ' Borah said that no secrecy will be observed in the Senate de baten on ratification. Virginian Today Asked Supreme Court To Appoint Receiver For War Debt to Be Paid Her By West Virginia WASHINGTON, April 23. (By United Press.) The state of Virginian today asked the supreme c,ourt to appoint a receiv er of the money to be paid by West Virginia to Virginia as a share of the war debt. The payment consists of a million dol lars cash and thirteen million in liberty bonds. Helen Roberts, Daughter of Governor Roberts, Named Sponsor For the Superdreadnaught Tennessee NASHVILLE, Tenn., April 23, (By United Press.) Miss Helen Roberts, daughter of Governor Roberts of Tennessee, to day was named sponsor for the superdreadnaught Tennessee, which will be launchde at New York next Wednesday. Committee Racing Against Time to Complete the Peace Treaty Before The German Delegates Arrive PARIS, April 23. (By United Press.) The drafting com mittee is racing against time to complete the peace treaty before the German delegates arrive at Versailles. U .S. Forgetting Grudges Arising After Armistice By George Rothwell Brown. WASHINGTON, April 23. The tide of friendly sentiment is once more running strongly toward France on this side of the Atlantic. The re action against the wave of resentment and ill feeling that followed the sign ing of the armistice has already set in and is growing stronger as more Land more troops come home and set tle down. German propaganda in this country that sought to create a breach between the two peoples has failed. There was unmistakable evidence a few months ago of the existence of this propaganda, but on proof that it was organized or financed from Ber lin, and while a part of it may have been officially encouraged and sup ported, it depended for its success upon the voluntary work of the pro German element in the population working without organized leader ship. Its presence here was by no means ignored by those in positions of responsibility most desirous of checking it, but it cannot be said that there was any organized or intelli gent concerted effort to check it. The German schemes to separate the Americans and French nave fallen fiat, for the one great reason that there has never been any substantial basis for ill will between the peoples of the two great republics. Friction Real, but Petty. It would be idle to deny that fric tion has occurred between the Amer ican overseas forces and the people of France, although not with the army of France. This has been vir tually officially admitted both in France and in this country. That friction waseal, but it was petty. It wiis in no sense basic, and grew al most entirely out of a feeling on the part of the American soldiers abroad that they (had been made the victims of profiteering Frenchmen. This feeling wus. so strong not many weeks ago that Mr. Clcmcnceau himself took cognizance of it, and considerable concern was shown over the fraternizing between Americans and Germans in the occupied terri tories of Germany, where the Huns were shrewd enough to cultivate American good will by prohibiting profiteering. Yankee soldiers going from Fernch villages, where they felt they had been fleeced by shopkeepers, were agreeably surprised to find the German cities in no disposition to take advantage of them. All MUtreated Alike. The French defense is that if American soldiers were outrageously overcharged, they were at least not treatod any worse than were the French soldiers, but this is not so. It has been my own personal experience as well as the experience of many pmericrns with whom I have talked. ,that two nets of prices prevailed gen erally throughout France, one for the Yankee and one for the Frenchman. I have been obliged to ask a French officer to make a purchase for me in order to save myself from being over charged 100 per cent and I know one French officer who forbade his Amer ican wife to buy things TYom the Paris shows when he wus not with her on the ogrund that r,he would be robbed. It is true that the American is largely responsible for the way in which he was victimized by the .French storekeeper, for the average American inissted upon showing con tempt for his money, bought first and inquired the price afterward, and gen erally succeeded in impressing upon the French with Whom he came into contact that money, with him, wa3 no object. It was my observation in France that 95 per cent of all the friction and ill will between the American and Interesting Interview Showing True Germany; Government Playing Into Hands of the Reactionaries By Frank J. Taylor United Press Staff Correspondent (Copyright, 1919, by United Press.) BERLIN, April 20. (Delayed.) The present German government is playing into thehands of the reac tionaries and militarists who expect to overthrow the republic and re-establish the monarchy as soon as the allied armies are demobilized, Emil Barth, radical leader, cnarged in an interview with the United Press to day. Barth, who was a member of the provisional cabinet, just completed a three months tour of Germany, study ing developments and determining the strength of the workmen. The threatened monarchist revolu tion may be averted, he said, by a popular uprising which would result in establishment of a proletarian dic tatorship. Among other statements made by Barth was that: , Germany can and should pay for the destruction she wrought. President Wilson has been deceive ! by Ihe present Ge.'man government. The allies make a. mistake in com- pi'Otiising with Germany on the Dan zig question, as the militarists i.ow believe they can get what war1 xt Versailles. A w. BI WAR TANK WILL BE IN GREENEVILLE SUNDAY, MAY FOURTH. Treasury Department Sixth Federal Reserve District Liberty Loan Organization, Atlanta, 234 Federal Bldg. Knoxville, Tenn., April 22, '19. To County Chairman: Inclosed herewith is 'the itin- ary of the tank. Please give it wide publicity so that as many people will be out as possible. Have some of your best local speakers on the ground to make talks. This tank will go over most any kind of ground, and .can be handled most anywhere. I hope you wiH be able to do much good with it. This tank is operated by Private Walker and Private Cordell, the gunner. Yours truly, . LEE A. BEELER, Field Representative. Itinary of Tank. Wed., April 30 Corryton, 9 a. m.; Rutledge, 11 a. m.; Mor- ristown, 4 p. m. Thurs., May 1 Jefferson City, 9 a. m.; Dandridge, 2 p. m. Fri., May 2 White Pine, 9 a. m.; Newport, noon; Morris- town, 4 p. m. Sat. May 3 Rogersville, 10:30 a. m.; Bulls Gap, 4 p. m. Sunday, May 4 Greeneville, 2:30 p. m. Mon., May 5 Jonesboro, 9 a. m.; Johnson City, 1 p. m. the Frenchman grew out of a fiinan cial transaction, a question of money, not only as between individuals, but as between officials. That is the unanimous opinion of those officers and officials with whom I have dis- cussed the subject, which is of the utmost importance because it goes to the root of the future relationships between France and America. Ill Will Not Fundamental. The ill will, the resentment, the dis like, is therefore not fundamental. It does not spring from racial antipathy, from religious antagonisms, from conflicting national ambitions. It is wholly a sentiment growing out of a matter of dollars and cents, and is therefore ephemeral. It generally disappears within about three weeks after an American has returned from France. Germany ought to have a "dictated peace" as it is all she deserves. "As a result of my intimate obser vations, I prophecy one of wo things will happen," said Parth There will be a second reveh.tion, either before peace is signed, or as a result of the govcnment's refusal to a 1 ept the entente? terms, resuitin;; in the establishment of a p'otctarian dictatorship or the royalists will in- augutfcte a counter 1 (-volution io soo" as yeace is signed. 'The monarchists would brinp, the liiisfr, the crown p' ince and the rest o' the royalty '..ick, and Gc;-!inny would be the same menace to Eicop-.' that she was befo.e. Generals Lu dendorff and Groener are behind the government but General von Vorbeck is being daily honored by the Ger- f mans as the undefeated victor of the African campaign is actually the mil itary commander chosen to conduct the counter revolution. "Already the militarists are aiming to win over the bourgeoise, as well as the loyalist peasants, either with or without the knowledge of the gov ernment. Counting trie veteran army as certain to align Itself with this movement, the monarchists can count on at least 3,000,000 armed support ers. "The republican volunteer corps organized by the present government is the- most corrupt, brutal and dis honorable military body Germany has ever seen. The men are drawing the normal pay of officers and four marks bonus every fcime they stand guard. They also have free theatre tickets and similar privileges. They serve because they get higl. pay and good food. They are given three times the rations the civilians draw while wo men and children starve. There would be plenty of food in Germany if it were fairly distributed. I beg the en tente to investigate and insist that soldiers have only the same amount of food as hungry women and children, before sending more supplies to en able the militarists to strengthen themselves. "France is absolutely right in fear ing Germany and demanding that German militarism be positively de stroyed. President Wilson is com pletely deceived in the present Ger man government. I say this though I admire him as the greatest man of the present time. "The Germans vhine that we can not pay indemnities is disgusting. We can and should pay for the destruc tion we have wrought. The way to pay is to oust the capitalists who fi naced the war and who hold the bonds now, ready to sacrifice anything to retain power and brain tjne German people of 25 to 30 billions of marks yearly. It is to their interest to en slave the German michacl (common people) who suffered while the cap italists loaned money. "The Germans were not heavily taxed. The war de.bt-, were entirely floated by bonds. The Germans are willing to pay France and Belgium, though they will refuse to work and repay the whole outside world. There is one way we can poy our obliga tions to the entente. We must have a dictatorship of the proletariat, at least temporarily. By proletariat I mean every one who works, whether with his hands or his head. We would jnot make the same mistake Russia did. We would not limit a man's earn ing capacity. Thysscn, a millionaire manufacturer, who has brains, would earn the same salary he received in the past but could not speculate and amass a fortune for his heirs. "Germany ought to ,have a dictated peace. It is all we -e.serve. Then we should pay up. There would be peace inside of 24 hours if the people did the signing instead of the present .jovernment." President Wilson's Statement Today Has Broken Up Peace Conference, Member of Italian Delegation States PARIS, April 23. (By United Press.) President Wilson's statement has broken up the peace conference, a member of the Italian delegation stated this afternoon. This delegate said that Premier Orlando will leave for Rome tonight or tomorrow and the remainder of the delegation will go as quickly as possibles Orlando declined to comment on President Wilson's state ment beyond stating that Italy's response might take the form of some definite action. This is interpreted as .meaning possible withdrawal. President Wilson Flatly Declares That Italy Cannot Have Fiume; He 1 Declares That America Must Stand By Principles Already Enunciated PARIS, April 23. (By United Press.) President Wilson de clared flatly this afternoon that Italy cannot have Fiume. Pos session of this sea port is the bone of contention which has re sulted in the Italians threatening to withdraw from the peace conference. Nothing now remains for the Italians to do but put their threat into execution or back down completely. In a statement issued here President Wilson declared that America must stand by the principles already enunciated in making a decision regarding Italy's claims and Fiume. A new set of principles cannot be established for the Balkans and Fi ume must be made avilable as a sea port for the small nations behind it. The deadlock in the Italian situation is declared worse than ever today by some delegates. The Italians are now intimating that they will begin conversations with the Germans looking to ward a separate peace. They indicated that they expect to obtain coal from Germany and food from Ukraine instead of from Great Britain and America. The Italian delegates cannot attend the meeting of the big four this morning or this afternoon. Sonnino. and Orlando may lo;ive ior Italy to-night with General Diaz. Because of Serious Delay In Discharging Cotton Ships At Liverpool Board Has Established Surcharge On U. S. Cotton WASHINGTON, April 23. (By United Press.) Because of the cotton shies at Liverpool and London, the shipping board of twenty-five cents per hundred those ports. Big Four Continues Discusion of Jap Claims to Chinese Territory Based on Secret Treaty Not Including U. S. PARIS, April 23. (By United Press.) The big four con tinued today the discussion of Japanese claims to Chinese ter ritory, based on a secret treaty to which England, France, Italy, Russia and Japan were partners. CLOSING EXERCISES OF PORTER'S INSTITUTE The closing exercises of Porter's Institute will be held the week of April 27th-May 1st. Sabbath evening, 7:45, the bacca laureate sermon will be preached by' Rev. John Martin, of Paint Creek. Monday morning, 7:45 will be the weekly prayer meeting. Tuesday morning, 9 o'clock, the boys and girls of the higher grades will give a play and wind the May Pole in the school yard and edge of the woods. The only senior, Mabel Gentry, will be May Queen. Tuesday afternoon, at 2 :30, the children will give their program. The boys from the intermediate room will play "Tom Sawyer Whitewashing the Fence." The girls from this room, with the primary children, will give "Little Mothers." Wednesday, 9 a. m., will be held a contest based on the Westminister catechism by the grammar room, and Bible Reading by the High School. Wednesday, 7:45 p. m., is the time of a play, "The Good Old Times." It begins with a donation party for Parson Goodman. One of the guests is a new school-master who- starts a singing-school. -The last scene is the concert, his pupils give. The admiv today established , a surcharge 11 pounds on American cotton ior sion for this event is 15c and 25c. Everything else for the week is free. Thursday. 9 a. m., is commence- ' ment. The speaker is Mr. A. P. Wat son, a lawyer of Knoxville, who was 1 a Y. M. C. A. man in France.' He is , well worth hearing. Come, and bring your friends to each oroeram. for they are all "the best." In case the weather is bad Tuesday morning, the out-door pro gram will be postponed until a nice day. COMMUNITY MEETING There will be held at Romeo next Saturday, April 26th, a community, meeting, for the purpose of formu lating plans to build a church. This is a very important meeting, and all those who are interested are urgently pmipstpd to be present. There will be several short speeches made by the rMtizens of the neighborhood, after which the pastor will speak from the subject: "The Need of the Local Church." Be Sure It'e Worth It Who would boast a victory tht cost no strategy and no careful dlsposltloa of the forces T But let a man be ery sure that the city Is worth the siege. Ik Marvel.