Newspaper Page Text
5PFf I AT R ATE Itlf TFMHFIY In order Evervone May be Given an Opportunity to Take Advantage of the $2 Rate on The Daily Sun, 01 hXjlnb iitii h Lkl LiWLi; This Special Rate Has Been Ext ended Until June 14, 1919. Subscriptions For the Year Only at This Rate. E QR EV X Daily, sun VOLUME 2 NUMBER 61. THE GREEN EVILLE DlAlLY SUN, MONDAY, JUNE 9, 1919. FIFTEEN CENTS A WEEK MM at if MPHHMI 4 4 4 4 f i . My u, In yjt Unqualified Endorsement Given League of Nations and Treaty by A. F. of L, Convening at Atlantic City Today Copy of Peace Treaty Put In Congressional Record Today WASHINGTON, June 9. (By United Press.) Immediately upon the convening of the senate today Senator Borah put into the record a copy of the peace treaty, which was to be printed today by the Chicago Tribune, the text of which was obtained in Paris by Frazier Hunt, the Tribune's correspondent. Senator Borah said that Hunt gave him a copy. Absolutely No Change in Germany's Determination Not to Sign Treaty Unless Modifications Are Made ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., June 9. (By United Press.) Unqualified endorsement is given the peace treaty and League of Nations covenant by the executive committee of the American Federation of Labor, in its report, submitted to the annual federation conven tion, opening here today. cEiKLiiiN, aunaay, june . (ty united tress, j rne na tional assembly has been called to meet here the latter part of this week "to consider the peace question." While the cabinet and peace committee of the assembly has power to accept or reject the treaty, it is believed final decision will rest with the assembly as a whole. There is absolutely no change in Ger many's determination hot to sign the treaty unless modified, according to a member of the German peace delegation now in Berlin. Settlement of Nation-wide Strike Of Telegraphers Rests With the Postmaster-Gen. and Labor Board WASHINGTON, June 9. (By United Press.) The settle ment of the threatened nation-wide strike of telegraph and tele phone operators rests with the postmaster-general and the labor board, it was stated authoritatively today. Action by the presi dent will not be resorted to until these two agenciesdef nitely 'fail to secure an agreement between the workers afo3 Mr com panies. Postmaster-General Burleson definitely made public today a telegram from Postoffice Inspector Sutton, of Atlanta, in which Sutton declared no evidence had been given yet that the Southern Bell Telephone company had dismissed girls be cause of their union affiliation. Sutton said the phone service was "nearly normal." Taft Praises Labor Chiefs For Fighting Reds B WILLIAM H. TAFT. The annual convention of the American Federation of Labor will be held at Atlantic City during the present week. In such a convention there always are distinct elements. There is the extreme faction which is socialistic and some of which have strong I. W. W. tendencies. Then there are divisions along other lines. But;, one fact stands out clearly and definitely, arid that is that while Sam uel Gpmpers and James Duncan and John Mitchell may differ' in detail and perhaps in political sympathies, they represent the element now influential In the federation of labor which is really conservative, : though progres sive in desire for reforms' which they conceive to be essent'at and practical in the bettering of the relations be tween capital and labor. It is not necessary to agree with Mr. Gompers or his colleagues in all the plans for economic and other reforms to which the A. F. of L. is pledged in order to sympathize with their general op position to the I. W. W. extremists who have crept into the federation from certain parts of the country. Merit Butinett Men's Support. The business men of this country cannot be told too often that the proper course for them to pursue, and a conserving patriotic tfourse, is in friendship for the labor unions under leadership of the A. F. of L. Failure to recognize the power of conserva tive patriotic labor unionism and to express sympathy with it and a will ingness to classify its leaders as as sociates of I. W. W.'ism, extreme so cialism and bolshevism, weaken the power of those leaders with their fel lows and tends to throw the whole labor movement under the control of the lawless extremists. One of the valuable principles that Theodore Roosevelt taught and prac ticed was in his dealings with the practical facts of life and his willing ness to accept part of his ideals with out insistence on securing everything which he deemed to be useful. His impatience at those who, discovering defects in a party or movement, ig nored the great, benefit that it could practically achieve and so refused support, is well knowij. Need Not .Deny Defects. One need not deny that there ap pear in the practical workings of trades unions' defects which should be rrheoved and tendencies which ought 'not to be encouraged, but in this upheaval of fundamental forces of society, and with attempts to de stroy all of our social progress by the substitution of explosive, destruc tive and pessimistic theories, like bol shevism and I. W. W.'ism, we should be anxious to strengthen the loyal elements in our labor groups and en able them to resist the wild extrem ists. We should welcome alliance with conservative, constructive organized labor. Were Gompers and Mitchell and Duncan to be beaten in this con vention followers of Lenine would re joice. Possibly, too, Bourbon em ployers would rejoice. Such employ ers would be blind to their own inter ests and to the interests of society. Many Ready to Co-operate. It is fortunate that many employ ers and their number Is growing see the truth and are determined not to discourage organized labor, but to co-operate with it in its plan for a more friendly union of capital and labor by collective bargaining and other devices for peaceful settlement and adjustment of tne normal differ ence that must arise in industry. "The basic principles of a lasting peace are firmly embodied in the treaty," the re port says, and adds that with a peace so built, "the world has in truth been made safe for democracy." j "The covenant of the League of Natios," the report continues, "must meet with the unqualified approval and support of the American working people. It is not a perfect doc ument and perfection is not claimed for it j It does, however,' mark the nearest approach to perfection that has ever been reached in tie international affairs of mankind. "We declare our endorsement of the triumph of freedom and justice and democracy as exemplified in the covenant of the League f Nations." Discussing the peace treaty as a whole!, the report states: ".The introduction of nine specific lablr clauses in the peace treaty declares that 'the well being, physical and moral, of the industrial wage earners is of supreme importance.' "No such declaration has ever been written into international law through any pre vious treaty of peace, and it is due to the efforts of American labor more than to any other single factor that it appears in this emphatic jform in the present treaty." The report says that while the labor clauses of the peace treaty are a compromise, they are so. because other nations of the earth could not pledge themselves to an imme diate adoption of the American standard. ' The report also reviews the pan-American labor conference, hel dat Laredo, Texas, in November. ; A long reconstruction program called the "most complete and most constructive yet made in this country," is se tforth in the report with the statement that the measures proposed are one the nation can ill afford to ignore. The measures making up the program are : Scale 25 Democracy, Industry, jtribution problems through coopera- travel. The report declares it essential that! tion and points out that both eonsum-l Workmen's Compensation. workers should insist upon their right! ers and producers can eliminate the : Wiping out employers' liability to organize into trade unions and that middleman in this wa, . I companies operated for profit is rec- legislation should be passed making it People's Final Voice in Legislation. ! ommended. a criminal offense for employers to The report recommends legislation j Immigration. interfere with this right. to allow laws once held, unconstitu-! Barring immigration for at least Scale 25. Unemployment. j tiona' by the courfSfto become ftect-rtwo 'years and "A-mericaTrlMtron f Labor Leaders From All Parts of The United States Assembled in Atlantic City, N. J., Today ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., June 9. (By United Press.) Five hundred and fifty labor leaders from all sections of the United States assembled here for the thirty-ninth annual convention of the American Federation of Labor. Unemployment, the report says, is caused by under-consumption, which, in turnt is caused by low wages. "Just wages," it is said,, "will pre- ive if re-enacted. aliens already here is asked, Taxation. Taxes on profits such as not to Political Policy. The report comes out flatly against a 'labor party" and says that better discourage enterprise and progress- vent industrial stagnation and lessen J results can be secured to labor by j ively increasing tax on incomes, in periodical unemployment." j non-partisan support of candidates heritances and upon unused land are WAGES After declaring that 'known to be friendly to labor. recommended. there is no method for obtaining just j Government Ownership. j Development of schools and state wages except through the trade union) "Public and semi-public utilities j colleges, rights of teachers to organ movement, the report says: should be owned, operated or regu-lize for more pay and labor repre- "The workers of the nation de-llated by the government in the in-j Mentation on school boards is asked. mand a living wage for lall wage terest of the public," the report says, Employment Agencies, earners, skilled or unskilled a wage I and continues that whatever dispo-j Federal, state and municipal em that will permit te worker and his j sition is made of the railroads the j ployment agencies should replace pri- family to live in health and comfort, rights of employes must be protected. ! vate agencies operated for profit, says When They Are Satisfied. A woman never feels dressed up unless she feels uncomfortable. Idaho Statesman. -- , provide a competence for illness and old age and afford to all an oppor tunity for cultivating all that is best in mankind. HOURS The report reiterates the demand for an eight-hour day with overtime prohibited in emergencies. WOMEN IN INDUSTRY Women, the report says, should receive the same pay as men for equal work per formed and must not. be permitted to perform tasks disproportionate to their physical strength. CHILD LABOR "Exploitation of the child for private gain must not be permitted," the report says in call ing upon legislators to pass laws to protect children. Status of Public Employes. Public employes should have the right to organize and must not be limited in the exercise of their rights as citizens, says the report. Co-operation. The report comes out for solution of production, transportation and dis- Encouiagement o? the merchant the report, marine under government control isj Housing, recommended with the granting to Establishment of a governmental seamen the rights as other workmen, j system of credits to encourage home Waterways and Water Power. building and owning is asked, to- Legislation for development of wa-1 gether with a recommendation that ter power by the federal government j states and cities be allowed to take and states is recommended to pre- j up housing projects. Vent the power passing into private i Militarism, hands for exploitation. j An organized citizen soldiery while Ownership of Land. ; tending to replace the large standing To wipe out the "evils of tenant! army to which labor is opposed, also farming" the report recommends a! tends to establish the evil of mili- graduated tax on i useable lands i tarism, the report says. The report above the amount cultivated by the! then "insists" that state militias be owner with provisions whereby ten-: organized on democratic principles, ant farmers or others may purchase ' so as "to never be diverted from its tracts. true purpose." Regulations of Corporations. Soldiers and Sailors. The report calls for federal licens-! Continuing pay of soldiers until President Takes Hand In Investigation of Treaty Leak WASHINGTON, June 9. (By United Press.) President Wilson today took a hand in the senate investigation of the peace treaty "leak" as charged by Senators Borah and Lodge. He sent a cable to Senator Hitchcock, through Secretary Tu multy, stating he was "heartily glad" that an investigation would be conducted and that he hoped it would be "thoroughly prosecuted," as nobody was entitled to have a copy of the treaty text as yet. The senate foreign relations committee to day subpoenaed J. H. Morgan, Frank Vanderlip and other big New York bankers to appear as witnesses in the investigation. Nicaragua To Be Protected Against Aggression by Costa Rican Forces MMMWMamSMMMMISMSMSIB WASHINGTON, June 9. (By United Press.) Nicaragua will be protected against aggression by Costa Rican forces said to be massed on the frontier between those countries, it was staled today. . United States naval, vessels .are in ports of both countries. American marines will be landed as soon as any trouble occurs and they will be aided by navy crews. Federal Reserve Board Today Lifted Ban on Gold Exports WASHINGTON, June 9. (By United Prfss.) The federal reserve board today lifted the ban on gold exports from the United States. Americans Accuse British In Ireland PARIS, Friday, June 0. Within the last few months at least ten citi zens have been killed in Ireland by soldiers o"r constables under circum stances found by coroners' juries to have been willful murder. This charge is made in the report on ob servations made in Ireland by Frank P. Walsh, Michael J. Ryan and Ed ward F. Dunne, delegates of the Irish societies in the United States. The report, which was made public last night, was sent to President Wilson along with the demand that the peace conference investigate the Irish question. Budapest Reds Massacre Innocents ing with federal supervision over; they secure employment is reeom- stock and bond issues. ! mended, also the devnonment of land Numerous and specific charges of Freedom of Speech. ! in the interest of service men. atrocities committed in Irish jails are The report asks removal of re-! The report shows that the total contained in the document. Charges strietions on freedom of speech, press, : membership of the federation now is public assembly, association and upon I 3,260,068. Keymen Walk Out Wednesday CHICAGO, June 9. Reports of discharge of union operators by the Western Union Telegraph company following the call issued Saturday Saturday night for a nation-wide strike on Wednesday of telegraph and telephone employes hod been re ceived from all parts or" the country, S. J. Koncnkamp, international presi dent of the Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America, said last night. He addressed a meeting of union men throughout the afternoon. He said he expected 70,000 workers would be affected by the strike. "I have received reports that the Western Union has discharged 150 of our men in New York, a number in Chicago, Galveston, Denver and other cities," he said. in A DRY STATE "To the men at the meeting I "What I used to enjoy at the thea stated that we had to strike in self- ter was those drinking scenes," defense because of the tactics Post-j "On the stage?" master General Burleson in permit-! "Naw, between the acts, outside in ting our people to be discharged right the buffet." Kansas City Journal. and left without giving any protec-j 1 tion and giving us no chance for aj IN NEW YORK wage adjustment or arranging for col- j "Officer. I've lost my wife. What lective bargaining. I told them my would you advise me to do?" efforts in the east had been absolutely "Enjoy yourself for the afternoon. arc made that hundreds of men and women were put in prison without any specific accusations being made against them. The document says that at least five men died as a result of atrocities in prisons, and that many prisoners are confined in cells of in adequate size and given insufficient and unwholesome food. It is also j measures She'll turn up at the hotel in three or four hours." Exchange. unproductive and there was nothing left to do but strike." Mr. Konenkamp said everywhere the members are assuring him they j company, had locked out 300 union will do all they can to make the!mea. These with the 2,500 workers strike effective. Rumors that thei ot-ii to -i,, i I un riu inc in itn wuuiu u aui3 inanca time for the strike had been advanced were unfounded, he said, and there was no thought of changing the call issued yesterday. In a statement last night, Mr. Ko nenkamp declared in thj last three days the Western Union Telegraph a total of 2,800 workers already idle, he said. "We now have 2,i!50 workers who have been driven out by the Western Union, although its head, Newcomb Carlton, said we had only 710 mem bers," said Mr. Konenkamp. alleged that punitive of the prison authorities included drenching with water, in which the prisoners were obliged to remain all night in unheated cells, bringing on pneumonia. Solitary con finement and withholding of rations also is charged. It is stated further that the heads of hundreds of fam ilies were sent to jail or deported, leaving dependent women and chil dren without means of support and to become objects of charity. The report says that Messrs. Walsh, Ryan and Dunne visited Ireland with the assurance from Premier Lloyd George that they would be given full freedom to investigate. VIENNA, Saturday, Juno 7. Three thousand peasants, including ! women and children, have been shot or hanged by the Red army as a con sequence of revolts in western Hun gary around Oedenburg, according to news considered trustworthy which has been received here. The entire village of Kolnhof was burned. The massacre took place after 32 villages surrounding Oedenburg had refused to go over to bolshevism. They desired to join Austria. Bela Kun, communist leader and minister of foreign affairs, and Joseph Pogany, holrhevik minister of war, visited the districts, then sent orders to Commissioner Seily, to which such work is usually deputed because of his bloodthirsty character, to conduct requisitions of clothing, food and im perial paper crowns now called "blue" money, to distinguish it from "red," or soviet money. The peasants, according to advices, gathered a small army, numbering a few thousand, armed with rifles, axes, scythes and similar weapons, against which a red division was sent. The peasants were surrounded. Kolnhof jwas shelled; then machine guns were turned against it on Thursday and Friday nights. A majority of those fleeing from the burning village were shot Those who were captured were hanged. WEATHER FORECAST Forecast for the period of June 0 to June 14, inclusive, for the Ohio Valley and Tennessee: Some prospect of local showers early in week, otherwise fair. Near ly normal temperature.