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SPFfl AI R ATF FYTFNHFn -6rdf,r 1,131 Everyone May be Given an Opportunity to Take Advantage of the $2 Rate on The Daily Sun, Jl LvlfiL lull L LA 1 LlllLl This Special Rate Has Been Extended Until June 14, 1919. Subscriptions For the Year Only at This Rate. THI QRE1 NEVI DAILY SUN VOLUME 2. NUMBER 62. THE GREENEV1LLE DAILY SUN, TUESDAY, JUNE 10, 1919. MiyMlM MM FIFTEEN CENTS A WEEK ILLINOIS FIRST TO RATIFY SUFFRAGE AMENDMENT SPRINGFIELD. ILL., June 10. (By United Press.) Illinois is the first state to ratify the national woman's suffrage amend ment The state assembly adopted the ratification resolution three minutes after convening today. The senate passed the measure a half hour later. Administration Officials Unchanged, In View That There Is No Crish Threaten to Move National Capital Congrei Aroused by Whington Profiteers Iowa and Ohio After the Plum. I Work Or Bolshevism 4.4. U. S. Must Get Men to Jobs, Em ployer, Declarer WASHINGTON, June 10. "Get the men to the jobs" as an insurance against bolshevism, was recommend ed to prominent members of the house and senate yesterday in a letter writ ten by a large employer of labor who has been working as a laborer in industrial plants throughout the coun try. The writer urged the retention! of the federal employment service, Trouble Over England's Protectorate BETWEEN 40,000 AND 50,000 TELEGRAPHERS STRIKE JUNE 11 Egyptians Plead Fourteen Points WASHINGTON, June 10. (By United Press.) Administra tion, officials were unchanged in their view today that there is no crisis on the Mexican border. It is stated there is sufficient troops there to meet any emergency. Though reports from un official sources in Mexico indicate the presence of Villa troops within a hundred miles of the border, it is declared there is no cause for uneasiness. Reports of Various Allied Commissions Regarding German Counter Proposals Before Big Four Today. ' PARIS,; June 10. (By United Press.) Reports of various allied commissions regarding German counter proposals were before the "Big Four" today. Eleven commissions have turned in their final report, while five others "are' practically complete. The Adriatic question is now reported to have been virtually settled. Under this plan, Fiume and considerable surrounding territory becomes a free state under the protection of the league of nations. WASHINGTON, June 10. (Unit ed Press.) They're talking of mov- On the Mexican Border Zfli:T!Zd' gosh! the profit' W W 1 u 1 W OV,U 1 bit . Senator Sherman, of Illinois, a plain spoken man who goes market ing with a basket on nis arm, and who is the new chairman of the Dis trict of Columbia committee, started it all when he sal'a If Washington landlords and merchants didn't stop charging so much for things, congress ought to get up and take the capital city out to Iowa, or some place away from here. Washingtonians took it seriously, because Sherman has said some very serious things about profiteering here, in senate speeches. The president of one of the numerous "civic pride" organizations which flourish in Wash ington hurried to Presidential Secre tary Tumulty to learn whether there really was a possibility of congress and the government departments go ing west, leaving nothing here but the Potomac and the Washington monu ment. bince Sherman made his remark offers have come from several states (made quite unofficially of course, but in some cases by influential citi zens) to have a real honest to good ness capital city set up in those com monwealths, with an ironclad guar antee against profiteering. Senator Kenyon said he knows Iowa would do the job right, and Senator Reed asked that the claims of St. Louis be not overlooked. Sen ator Harding spoke feelingly of the Ohio climate and Hiram Johnson de clared California would nrove i matchless place for the capital. Sen ator Sheppard proposed Texas and Senator Sherman himself modestly suggested that Chicago wouldn't be a bad choice. And now most any day it is likely that some chipper congressman will really introduce a bill to do it, thus throwing Washingtonians who lived here before the war into new appre hensions lest the source of their new wealth be suddenly cut off. "Separate and Full Consideration By People on Question of Future League of Nations" WASHINGTON, June 10. (By United Press.) Senator Knox today offered a resolution in the senate stating that it is the sense of that body that the peace treaty be so drawn "as to permit any nation to reserve without prejudice to itself for future separate and full consideration by its people the question cf any league of nations." - wnicn would be made a Dermanent governmental bureau under bills in troduced by Senator Kenyon, chair man of the senate labor committee, and Representative Nolan, a member of the house labor committee. Ac tion on these measures is expected soon. "The biggest single piece of in surance against bolshevism which the country can think about just now," said the letter, "is a nation-wide or ganization for bringing 100 percent of the jobs available in connection with the men who need them for their daily bread aid butter." The writer of the letter, who asked , that his name be withheld in order that he might be able to continue his studies among the workmen, is the vice-president of a large industrial establishment. The letter, as re ceived by Chairmen Good and War ren, of the house and senate appro pnations committees, read in part as follows: Serious Rule Far From Ideal. British Aviator Ready to Attempt Non-Stop Flight Across Atlantic; Expects to Start by Tomorrow ST. JOHNS, N. F., June id. (By United Press.) The Brit ish army.bomber airplane, piloted by Capt. John Alcock, with Lieut. A. W. Brown as navigator, was ready today for an at tempt at a non-stop flight across, the Atlantic. Weather per mitting, Alcock was expected to start by tomorrow. American Federation of Labor Will Memorialize Congress To Repeal Daylight Saving Law ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., June 10. (By United Press.) The American Federation of Labor, in convention here today, adopt ed a resolution requesting congress to repeal the daylight saving law. Rebels Mobilize In Force Near Juarez Wisconsin Assembly Today Ratifies National Suffrage Amendment MADISON, WIS., June 10. (By United Press.) The Wis consin assembly today ratified the national woman's suffrage amendment. The senate vote was 24 to 1, while the house ratified it 54 to 2. Commanders Towers and Read Left For Paris Today LONDON, June 10. (By United Press.) Commander Towers, Lieutenant-Commander Read and crews, with three American financiers, left for Paris today. EL PASO, TEXAS, June 10. A courier reached Juarez late yester day from Villa Ahumada, 84 miles to the south, bringing confirmation of the reported presence there of a strong force of rebels under command of General Felipe Angeles. bhortly after the arrival of the courier American business men and well-to-do Mexicans commenced to move their valuables to this side of the river. Before 8 p. m. the exodus had become general. there are persistent reports of fighting at Tierra Bianca, a station on the Mexican Central, 15 miles from the border. A scouting party of 80 Federal soldiers left early yes terday in the direction of Tierra Bi anca and failed to return. The be lief is general that these men desert ed to the rebels. Villa sympathizers in El Paso freely predict that Juarez will be attacked before morning and that the Federal garrison will surrender without a struggle. It was reported here late yesterday that M. M. Murrieta, col lector of customs at Juarez, has re moved the official funds from his of fice to El Paso and also had sent his family across the international bridge. "As a result of my experiences of the past few months. 1 find mvaolf greatly interested in th'e question of the future of the United States em ployment service as now being con sidered by you and your committee. "I am an employer of labor. In or der to get the viewpoint of the coun try's workers, I have been working as a laborer under an alias in several plants and factories. My observations to date seem to me pertinent to the question now before you. In a word they are this: The difference between Americanism and bolshevism is the difference between having a job and not having one. To an extent which no one can conceive who has not him self walked the streets for worjc, the ixle on which the whole world turns for the working man is the job. As long as he can enjoy his three meals a day and think of his own and his family's future with some certainty. he is a self-respecting citizen, and all this stuff about unrest is of less in terest to him than to his employer. But when he is out of a job, then the nxle of his world is busted; its jagged slivers enter and cut his self-respect and his very soul to pieces. "This fact is well known to the rad ical agitators. In their meetings, I have heard them urge redoubled ef forts to enroll new members 'before these men now out of work get jobs and so close their minds to our gos pel.' "The biggest single piece of insur ance. against bolshevism that this country can think about just now is nation-wide organization for bring ing 100 percent of the jobs available nto connection with the men who need them for their daily bread and tutter. "This connection is not made effi ciently or even fairly when workers have to go to the so-called 'fee agencies.' No citizen should have to buy a chance to work. Besides, too many nines me superintendents or foremen who hire men through these agencies get a part of the fee them selves, and therefore find means to fire one worker in order to have a share in his successor's fee. Last winter, with 60 or 70 negroes and foreigners, I did my share of shiv ering while we all kept our eyes on the spot where a labor foreman was to appear in order to pick not more than three or four of us. As we watched the gate nobody said a word it was too serious a matter; be sides each of us was competing with the other. But after the three or four had been picked, you should have heard the curses! By LOWELL MELLETT (United Press Staff Correspondent.) PARIS, June 1 (By Mail.) How seriously Egyptians are protesting British rule and some of the reasons therefor are revealed in a letter re ceived from a British soldier stationed in Egypt. Inasmuch as the Egyptians are urging Wilson's declarations in behalf of the rights of small natioTis in support of their contention that the British protectorate assumed in December, 1914, should cease now that hostilities have ended, Ameri cans may find the situation interest ing. "The causes of the present open defiance of the British," the soldier) writes, "are many and varied, and on the whole do not reflect anv trreat credit on the present administration of the country by the English. When England first entered the country, some 37 years ago, as the result of a decision by the great powers, Egypt was on the verge of bankruptcy as the result of extravagance and mis rule by Turkey. "One of the greatest causes of dis satisfaction in Egypt is the system of 'capitulations.' These are laws by which the subjects of European pow ers are not subject to the ordinary laws of Egypt. When a foreigner commits a crime he can only be tried with the sanction of his own govern ment and only before a mixed tri bunal composed mostly of his own nationals. England has promised they shall cease during the present year. "When England entered Egypt it was with three announced objects First, to restore the financial status of the country; seeond, to abolish capitulations, and, third, to educate the Egyptians to a point where thoy could govern themselves. In the flirt two they have succeeded. Kurvnt is in good financial condition and it is promised capitulations shall and si on. But in the third object, failure has been the result. "England introduced a system 6f econdary education of a secular character on western lines, without considering the Egyptians are an Oriental people. A system of edu cation totally separated from the Mo hammedan faith brought about a state of resentment. "Then a lot of Englishmen were imported to take fat government jobs regardless of their fitness, leaving only minor jobs to the Egyptians. The Egyptians are divided into two classes the Effendi, or educated class, and the Fallaheen, or peasants. The greatest ambition o fthe Effendi is to obtain a job in the civil service CHICAGO, June 10. (By United Press.) Between 40,000 and 50,000 telegraphers will leave their keys tomorrow in an swer to the nation-wide strike called. According to latest esti mates in hands of President S. J. Konenkamp, of the Commer cial Telegraphers' Union, here today, it was estimated that, more than 6,000 will strike in Chicago alone. Reports that a settlement had been effected with the Postal Telegraph company were untrue, Konenkamp stated. Senator Hiram Johnson Choice Of Senate Progressive Leaders For Nomination For Presidency WASHINGTON, June 10. (By United Press.) Senator Hiram Johnson of California, is the choice of senate progres-' sive leaders for the republican nomination for the presidency in 1920. Senators Borah and Kenyon joined today in this an nouncement. These men have already begun an ictive cam paign to line up the liberal support of the country behind Johnson. Taf t Says Withholding of Peace Treaty Aids Its Foes Assert President's Right to Do So Is Clear, but That Issue Now Resolves Itself Into One of Courtesy and Tact Points' . Out Increased Possibility of Finding "Jokers." other powers until he submits it to thrt body for its advice and consent is clenr and undoubted, but the issue now is not one of str.c", constitutional procedure. It's one of courtesy and tact. The league of nations, f om the first, was known to be part of the treaty. Indeed, in the view of those By WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT. The right of the President to with-! the matter of preparing for discussion hold "torn the senate the full text of I would have cone carefully throntrli a treaty whidi he is negotiiting with 'the full text. But now that the text has been withheld so long, it is nat ural that those opposed to the league of nations and the Prlwiident's course in regard to the treaty should make much of the failure to give oat the text, and. should complain when it is discovered that the text has fotmcf its way to New York into the hands of private citizens, although the sen" . i i . t who advocate the league of nations, jule Deen aemea 0PPnunuy to the treaty could not have been madejK'e without it. The President g:'.ve to J not conceivable that the ab the public, and so to the senate, the stract misrepresented the text Yet full text of the covenant, oven as it when the situation is tense such an was reported by the committee to the 1 ""explained course on the part of the conference. Subsequently he gave administration naturally gives rise to the' full text of its revision. Then i impatience and criticism, all of which there was published p. full abstract of j might have been avoided had the text the peace treaty r.s it was submitted heen submitted in the first instance, to the Germans for their assent and The result now is that the text will signature. The nbrtrnct contained ; be examined with a microscope by the 20,000 words, while the text was said ' opponents of the league and the de to contain 50,000. I ta''s in the text not contained in the abstract will be exaggerated into j what are called "jokers" and seized upon as full of danger and sinister purpose. It is unfortunate that such a course No sufficient explanation has been j given why the full text of the treaty was not given out at the time when! the abstract came. It was supposed ! at first that the abstract preceded the full text because of convenience in transmission. If the text of the treaty contained something the public ought not to know until i'.ftcr the, Germans had acted, why give out ' such an abstract at all? To with-' hold the text when the abstract is given out, of course, raises curiosity and suspicion as to what the differ-1 should be taken by an administration ' that has made so much of the neces sity for publicity. It has been re ported that the text was withheld at the instance of Mr. Lloyd George, but with no explanation or why he de sired to withhold it. Whatever his reason, his request and the compli ance with it were a mistake that mere ly furnishes ammunition for the op ponents of the treaty. Probably nev er in the history of our treaties have If they both had been give nout at the senate and the public been given the same time, or within a short in-'as full opportunity to know and dis terval, the public, and indeed, many cuss the controversial points of a senators, would probably not have treaty in advance of its official sub read anything but the abstract. Only mission as in this case. Yet by this those senators and others charged , last error the administration has lost with the responsibility in respect to any credit attaching to such a policy. text. or become a lawyer. Young Egyptians j ence is between the abstract and the flocked to the schools to equip them selves for handling the greater part of the government work. However, they find these jobs are mostly re served for Englishmen, often no more capable than themselves. "Consequently there is a large class of educated unemployed. Out of this class was born the Nationalist party, fifteen years ago. Recruits were gained through the natural ob-jgation, abolition of forced labor, lim-i number of donkeys, corn or othef jection of a Mohammedan to being ruled by a Christian. "Another cause for trouble is the close alliance of many families with Turkish families. They view the breaking up of Turkey with dismay as the breaking up of their religion. "So much for the wealthier class. The Fellaheen, wholly uneducated and living to themselves on little bits of land, have for the most part obtained real benefits from British rule; im itation of conscription, protection ( from Bedouin marauders, etc. They j have been apparently grateful and ; contented. Hence it is difficult to ' account for their attitude. j "The greatest complaint seems toj be due to army requisitions. TheJ complaint is general that stock and j commodities. The headman would ' then take them from the villagers ' and hand them over to the military authorities who would pay for them bulk, lhere was no supervision was distrib-innumerable in to see that the money uted. Consequently in crops have been taken and not paid 'cases the money was never paid over for. The method generally followed! to the actual owners. The Fellaheen was for the British to demand from i then were told by their headman that the headman of the village a certain ' the British had not paid him.