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VOLUME 2. NUMBER 62.
THE GREENEV1LLE DAILY SUN, TUESDAY, JUNE 10, 1919.
FIFTEEN CENTS A WEEK
ILLINOIS FIRST TO RATIFY
SPRINGFIELD. ILL., June 10. (By United Press.) Illinois
is the first state to ratify the national woman's suffrage amend
ment The state assembly adopted the ratification resolution
three minutes after convening today. The senate passed the
measure a half hour later.
Administration Officials Unchanged,
In View That There Is No Crish
Threaten to Move
Congrei Aroused by Whington
Profiteers Iowa and Ohio
After the Plum.
Work Or Bolshevism
U. S. Must Get Men to Jobs, Em
WASHINGTON, June 10. "Get
the men to the jobs" as an insurance
against bolshevism, was recommend
ed to prominent members of the house
and senate yesterday in a letter writ
ten by a large employer of labor who
has been working as a laborer in
industrial plants throughout the coun
try. The writer urged the retention!
of the federal employment service, Trouble Over England's Protectorate
BETWEEN 40,000 AND 50,000
TELEGRAPHERS STRIKE JUNE 11
WASHINGTON, June 10. (By United Press.) Administra
tion, officials were unchanged in their view today that there is
no crisis on the Mexican border. It is stated there is sufficient
troops there to meet any emergency. Though reports from un
official sources in Mexico indicate the presence of Villa troops
within a hundred miles of the border, it is declared there is no
cause for uneasiness.
Reports of Various Allied Commissions
Regarding German Counter Proposals
Before Big Four Today. '
PARIS,; June 10. (By United Press.) Reports of various
allied commissions regarding German counter proposals were
before the "Big Four" today. Eleven commissions have turned
in their final report, while five others "are' practically complete.
The Adriatic question is now reported to have been virtually
settled. Under this plan, Fiume and considerable surrounding
territory becomes a free state under the protection of the league
WASHINGTON, June 10. (Unit
ed Press.) They're talking of mov-
On the Mexican Border Zfli:T!Zd' gosh! the profit'
W W 1 u 1 W OV,U 1 bit .
Senator Sherman, of Illinois, a
plain spoken man who goes market
ing with a basket on nis arm, and
who is the new chairman of the Dis
trict of Columbia committee, started
it all when he sal'a If Washington
landlords and merchants didn't stop
charging so much for things, congress
ought to get up and take the capital
city out to Iowa, or some place away
Washingtonians took it seriously,
because Sherman has said some very
serious things about profiteering here,
in senate speeches. The president
of one of the numerous "civic pride"
organizations which flourish in Wash
ington hurried to Presidential Secre
tary Tumulty to learn whether there
really was a possibility of congress
and the government departments go
ing west, leaving nothing here but the
Potomac and the Washington monu
bince Sherman made his remark
offers have come from several states
(made quite unofficially of course,
but in some cases by influential citi
zens) to have a real honest to good
ness capital city set up in those com
monwealths, with an ironclad guar
antee against profiteering.
Senator Kenyon said he knows
Iowa would do the job right, and
Senator Reed asked that the claims
of St. Louis be not overlooked. Sen
ator Harding spoke feelingly of the
Ohio climate and Hiram Johnson de
clared California would nrove i
matchless place for the capital. Sen
ator Sheppard proposed Texas and
Senator Sherman himself modestly
suggested that Chicago wouldn't be
a bad choice.
And now most any day it is likely
that some chipper congressman will
really introduce a bill to do it, thus
throwing Washingtonians who lived
here before the war into new appre
hensions lest the source of their new
wealth be suddenly cut off.
"Separate and Full Consideration
By People on Question of
Future League of Nations"
WASHINGTON, June 10. (By United Press.) Senator
Knox today offered a resolution in the senate stating that it is
the sense of that body that the peace treaty be so drawn "as
to permit any nation to reserve without prejudice to itself for
future separate and full consideration by its people the question
cf any league of nations." -
wnicn would be made a Dermanent
governmental bureau under bills in
troduced by Senator Kenyon, chair
man of the senate labor committee,
and Representative Nolan, a member
of the house labor committee. Ac
tion on these measures is expected
"The biggest single piece of in
surance against bolshevism which the
country can think about just now,"
said the letter, "is a nation-wide or
ganization for bringing 100 percent
of the jobs available in connection
with the men who need them for their
daily bread aid butter."
The writer of the letter, who asked ,
that his name be withheld in order
that he might be able to continue his
studies among the workmen, is the
vice-president of a large industrial
establishment. The letter, as re
ceived by Chairmen Good and War
ren, of the house and senate appro
pnations committees, read in part as
Serious Rule Far From Ideal.
British Aviator Ready to Attempt
Non-Stop Flight Across Atlantic;
Expects to Start by Tomorrow
ST. JOHNS, N. F., June id. (By United Press.) The Brit
ish army.bomber airplane, piloted by Capt. John Alcock, with
Lieut. A. W. Brown as navigator, was ready today for an at
tempt at a non-stop flight across, the Atlantic. Weather per
mitting, Alcock was expected to start by tomorrow.
American Federation of Labor
Will Memorialize Congress
To Repeal Daylight Saving Law
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., June 10. (By United Press.) The
American Federation of Labor, in convention here today, adopt
ed a resolution requesting congress to repeal the daylight saving
Rebels Mobilize In
Force Near Juarez
Wisconsin Assembly Today Ratifies
National Suffrage Amendment
MADISON, WIS., June 10. (By United Press.) The Wis
consin assembly today ratified the national woman's suffrage
amendment. The senate vote was 24 to 1, while the house
ratified it 54 to 2.
Commanders Towers and Read
Left For Paris Today
LONDON, June 10. (By United Press.) Commander
Towers, Lieutenant-Commander Read and crews, with three
American financiers, left for Paris today.
EL PASO, TEXAS, June 10. A
courier reached Juarez late yester
day from Villa Ahumada, 84 miles
to the south, bringing confirmation
of the reported presence there of a
strong force of rebels under command
of General Felipe Angeles.
bhortly after the arrival of the
courier American business men and
well-to-do Mexicans commenced to
move their valuables to this side of
the river. Before 8 p. m. the exodus
had become general.
there are persistent reports of
fighting at Tierra Bianca, a station
on the Mexican Central, 15 miles
from the border. A scouting party
of 80 Federal soldiers left early yes
terday in the direction of Tierra Bi
anca and failed to return. The be
lief is general that these men desert
ed to the rebels.
Villa sympathizers in El Paso freely
predict that Juarez will be attacked
before morning and that the Federal
garrison will surrender without a
struggle. It was reported here late
yesterday that M. M. Murrieta, col
lector of customs at Juarez, has re
moved the official funds from his of
fice to El Paso and also had sent his
family across the international bridge.
"As a result of my experiences of
the past few months. 1 find mvaolf
greatly interested in th'e question of
the future of the United States em
ployment service as now being con
sidered by you and your committee.
"I am an employer of labor. In or
der to get the viewpoint of the coun
try's workers, I have been working
as a laborer under an alias in several
plants and factories. My observations
to date seem to me pertinent to the
question now before you. In a word
they are this: The difference between
Americanism and bolshevism is the
difference between having a job and
not having one. To an extent which
no one can conceive who has not him
self walked the streets for worjc, the
ixle on which the whole world turns
for the working man is the job. As
long as he can enjoy his three meals
a day and think of his own and his
family's future with some certainty.
he is a self-respecting citizen, and all
this stuff about unrest is of less in
terest to him than to his employer.
But when he is out of a job, then the
nxle of his world is busted; its jagged
slivers enter and cut his self-respect
and his very soul to pieces.
"This fact is well known to the rad
ical agitators. In their meetings, I
have heard them urge redoubled ef
forts to enroll new members 'before
these men now out of work get jobs
and so close their minds to our gos
"The biggest single piece of insur
ance. against bolshevism that this
country can think about just now is
nation-wide organization for bring
ing 100 percent of the jobs available
nto connection with the men who
need them for their daily bread and
"This connection is not made effi
ciently or even fairly when workers
have to go to the so-called 'fee
agencies.' No citizen should have to
buy a chance to work. Besides, too
many nines me superintendents or
foremen who hire men through these
agencies get a part of the fee them
selves, and therefore find means to
fire one worker in order to have a
share in his successor's fee. Last
winter, with 60 or 70 negroes and
foreigners, I did my share of shiv
ering while we all kept our eyes on
the spot where a labor foreman was
to appear in order to pick not more
than three or four of us. As we
watched the gate nobody said a word
it was too serious a matter; be
sides each of us was competing with
the other. But after the three or
four had been picked, you should
have heard the curses!
By LOWELL MELLETT
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
PARIS, June 1 (By Mail.) How
seriously Egyptians are protesting
British rule and some of the reasons
therefor are revealed in a letter re
ceived from a British soldier stationed
in Egypt. Inasmuch as the Egyptians
are urging Wilson's declarations in
behalf of the rights of small natioTis
in support of their contention that
the British protectorate assumed in
December, 1914, should cease now
that hostilities have ended, Ameri
cans may find the situation interest
"The causes of the present open
defiance of the British," the soldier)
writes, "are many and varied, and
on the whole do not reflect anv trreat
credit on the present administration
of the country by the English. When
England first entered the country,
some 37 years ago, as the result of
a decision by the great powers, Egypt
was on the verge of bankruptcy as
the result of extravagance and mis
rule by Turkey.
"One of the greatest causes of dis
satisfaction in Egypt is the system
of 'capitulations.' These are laws by
which the subjects of European pow
ers are not subject to the ordinary
laws of Egypt. When a foreigner
commits a crime he can only be tried
with the sanction of his own govern
ment and only before a mixed tri
bunal composed mostly of his own
nationals. England has promised
they shall cease during the present
"When England entered Egypt it
was with three announced objects
First, to restore the financial status
of the country; seeond, to abolish
capitulations, and, third, to educate
the Egyptians to a point where thoy
could govern themselves. In the flirt
two they have succeeded. Kurvnt is
in good financial condition and it is
promised capitulations shall and si on.
But in the third object, failure has
been the result.
"England introduced a system 6f
econdary education of a secular
character on western lines, without
considering the Egyptians are an
Oriental people. A system of edu
cation totally separated from the Mo
hammedan faith brought about a
state of resentment.
"Then a lot of Englishmen were
imported to take fat government jobs
regardless of their fitness, leaving
only minor jobs to the Egyptians.
The Egyptians are divided into two
classes the Effendi, or educated
class, and the Fallaheen, or peasants.
The greatest ambition o fthe Effendi
is to obtain a job in the civil service
CHICAGO, June 10. (By United Press.) Between 40,000
and 50,000 telegraphers will leave their keys tomorrow in an
swer to the nation-wide strike called. According to latest esti
mates in hands of President S. J. Konenkamp, of the Commer
cial Telegraphers' Union, here today, it was estimated that,
more than 6,000 will strike in Chicago alone.
Reports that a settlement had been effected with the Postal
Telegraph company were untrue, Konenkamp stated.
Senator Hiram Johnson Choice
Of Senate Progressive Leaders
For Nomination For Presidency
WASHINGTON, June 10. (By United Press.) Senator
Hiram Johnson of California, is the choice of senate progres-'
sive leaders for the republican nomination for the presidency
in 1920. Senators Borah and Kenyon joined today in this an
nouncement. These men have already begun an ictive cam
paign to line up the liberal support of the country behind Johnson.
Taf t Says Withholding of
Peace Treaty Aids Its Foes
Assert President's Right to Do So Is Clear, but That Issue Now
Resolves Itself Into One of Courtesy and Tact Points' .
Out Increased Possibility of Finding "Jokers."
other powers until he submits it to
thrt body for its advice and consent
is clenr and undoubted, but the issue
now is not one of str.c", constitutional
procedure. It's one of courtesy and
The league of nations, f om the
first, was known to be part of the
treaty. Indeed, in the view of those
By WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT.
The right of the President to with-! the matter of preparing for discussion
hold "torn the senate the full text of I would have cone carefully throntrli
a treaty whidi he is negotiiting with 'the full text. But now that the text
has been withheld so long, it is nat
ural that those opposed to the league
of nations and the Prlwiident's course
in regard to the treaty should make
much of the failure to give oat the
text, and. should complain when it is
discovered that the text has fotmcf
its way to New York into the hands
of private citizens, although the sen"
. i i . t
who advocate the league of nations, jule Deen aemea 0PPnunuy to
the treaty could not have been madejK'e
without it. The President g:'.ve to J not conceivable that the ab
the public, and so to the senate, the stract misrepresented the text Yet
full text of the covenant, oven as it when the situation is tense such an
was reported by the committee to the 1 ""explained course on the part of the
conference. Subsequently he gave administration naturally gives rise to
the' full text of its revision. Then i impatience and criticism, all of which
there was published p. full abstract of j might have been avoided had the text
the peace treaty r.s it was submitted heen submitted in the first instance,
to the Germans for their assent and The result now is that the text will
signature. The nbrtrnct contained ; be examined with a microscope by the
20,000 words, while the text was said ' opponents of the league and the de
to contain 50,000. I ta''s in the text not contained in the
abstract will be exaggerated into
j what are called "jokers" and seized
upon as full of danger and sinister
It is unfortunate that such a course
No sufficient explanation has been j
given why the full text of the treaty
was not given out at the time when!
the abstract came. It was supposed !
at first that the abstract preceded
the full text because of convenience
in transmission. If the text of the
treaty contained something the public
ought not to know until i'.ftcr the,
Germans had acted, why give out '
such an abstract at all? To with-'
hold the text when the abstract is
given out, of course, raises curiosity
and suspicion as to what the differ-1
should be taken by an administration
' that has made so much of the neces
sity for publicity. It has been re
ported that the text was withheld at
the instance of Mr. Lloyd George, but
with no explanation or why he de
sired to withhold it. Whatever his
reason, his request and the compli
ance with it were a mistake that mere
ly furnishes ammunition for the op
ponents of the treaty. Probably nev
er in the history of our treaties have
If they both had been give nout at the senate and the public been given
the same time, or within a short in-'as full opportunity to know and dis
terval, the public, and indeed, many cuss the controversial points of a
senators, would probably not have treaty in advance of its official sub
read anything but the abstract. Only mission as in this case. Yet by this
those senators and others charged , last error the administration has lost
with the responsibility in respect to any credit attaching to such a policy.
or become a lawyer. Young Egyptians j ence is between the abstract and the
flocked to the schools to equip them
selves for handling the greater part
of the government work. However,
they find these jobs are mostly re
served for Englishmen, often no
more capable than themselves.
"Consequently there is a large
class of educated unemployed. Out
of this class was born the Nationalist
party, fifteen years ago. Recruits
were gained through the natural ob-jgation, abolition of forced labor, lim-i number of donkeys, corn or othef
jection of a Mohammedan to being
ruled by a Christian.
"Another cause for trouble is the
close alliance of many families with
Turkish families. They view the
breaking up of Turkey with dismay
as the breaking up of their religion.
"So much for the wealthier class.
The Fellaheen, wholly uneducated and
living to themselves on little bits of
land, have for the most part obtained
real benefits from British rule; im
itation of conscription, protection (
from Bedouin marauders, etc. They j
have been apparently grateful and ;
contented. Hence it is difficult to '
account for their attitude. j
"The greatest complaint seems toj
be due to army requisitions. TheJ
complaint is general that stock and j
commodities. The headman would '
then take them from the villagers '
and hand them over to the military
authorities who would pay for them
bulk, lhere was no supervision
to see that the money
uted. Consequently in
crops have been taken and not paid 'cases the money was never paid over
for. The method generally followed! to the actual owners. The Fellaheen
was for the British to demand from i then were told by their headman that
the headman of the village a certain ' the British had not paid him.
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