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reed of Durhams, and goes his ' milk-rounds
r ing and evening as regularly as the Aylesbury
jut why multiply instances of individual effort for
lVate ends. Let us come at once to what will be
admitted by all unbigoted people to be, beyond all
comparison, the most important corporate action of
the settlers at Rugby, and that upon which they are
most to be congratulated. We refer to the joint
services of the different shades''of , Christian belief
here represented, which begun on the Sunday after
the formal opening of the settlement, and have
been continued without interruption, and with every
sign of cordial understanding between the different
branches of the congregation. These services were
begun with the tacit consent of all concerned, as a
plain, matter of-fact, neighborly way of supplying an
important part of our spiritual needs ; and if we can
hold fast to that view of them, and not convert into
mountains the mole-hills of difference which divide
Baptists, Episcopalians, Methodists, Presbyterians,
or whatever the names by which we may describe
our various shades of Christian opinion, we need not
be hurt by the shrugs of bigots on the one hand,
nor by the sneers of those who "care for none of
of those things" on the other; and we may hope to
make our body corporate not unworthy of the name
we have adopted for it Christ Chun
Office of the Northern Christian Advocate,
Syracuse, N. Y., Dec. 17, 1880.
Editor of the Rugheian : If this letter shall
arrive too late for your January issue I shall, I think,
never cease to regret that pressing duties robbed me
of the personal pleasure of greeting the Rugby
community through the columns of its first published
Since the day when I first heard of Mr. Hughes'
A mission in the United States, I have Watched with
more than curiosity, and hardly less than solicitude,
.... the progress of . Rugby's formation and. growth,., and
".when at length a copy of Mr. Hughes' October
address fell into my hands, I felt as I would feel if a
dreamsthat had visited me all the nights of my life
were on the point of being fulfilled.
As a believer in the teachings and a worshipper of
the spirit of the philosopher of Nazareth, I hail with
delight the beginning of a movement in America for
the realization of Christian communism. If England
has caught some valuable suggestions from our Re
public, we on the other hand are deeply indebted to
England for the idea and example of national co
operation, a debt which Americans will acknowledge
wore and more readily as years advance.
s It must be admitted that heretofore the co-operative
movement in America has in general resulted in
failure, though' I could name many gratifying ex
ceptions to this 'general statement.. The fault with
us has been that we have attempted to graft the co
operative idea upon our old trade system instead of
planting afresh at the roots. We have simply resorted
to co-operative grocery-store-keepin to stop one of
the leakages that are wasting our re&purces. We
have learned no principles ; we have had n view no
ideal ; we have, not thought of revolutionizing our
false trade system or of permanently modifying it ;
but have resorted to co-operation as a likely make-shuft
to bridge us over present difficulties. And so our
co-operation having no soul-kmly a pocket has
generally fated. It seems to me that the Rugby
community, based as it is upon the broad principle
' of human brotherhood, must mature . into a form of
society that will exert a wide influence for good upon
all parts of our nation. I devoutly wish that Mr.
Hughes' remarks on the evils of our gigantic com
mercial age might be heralded throughout the Union,
and that people might be awakened to see the im
policy of maintaining our great standing army of
store-keepers. We have heard much talk about the
conflict between the interests of labor and of capital,
but it appears to me that the real conflict is between
TIKE EI7GBEI AN.
labor and trade. If Rugby shall, in the course of a
few years, demonstrate the possibility and advantage
of eliminating the mass of middlemen, it will have
accomplished a blessed mission.
And then how delightful that a colony planted in
a new region should bear a name so classic, instead
of the typical frontier nomenclature Grainville,
Bonanza, Log City or a hideous Indian polysyllable.
Here in the north many are watching the Rugby
experiment, and I am frank enough to say that most
of us are skeptical. We do not see enough bushels of
corn and wheat piled up in your future, enough opor-
tunity for ambition's gratification, to give zeal to fore
casting. In the October address we fail to find the
word " fortune," or any reference to the accumulation
of wealth, without which life seems tame to the
Yankee mind, albeit comparatively few of us live to
attain the realization of our hopes. For myself I
rejoice that your community will place other aims
above" the accumulation of fortunes, and that the
amenities of refined society will be cherished instead
of stifled. The hardships of our American pioneers
have amounted to too high a price for the boon
attained the rapid settlement of our prairies and
development of our mines. I' hope to see Rugby
demonstrate the principle that society, properly
directed during its formative period, assimilates less
from environment, than from the ideas and the life
brought in from abroad.
As a member of newspaper guild I shall watch
with interest your journal's growth, and should be
pleased to render any service in my power to aid you
in your enterprise. Especially would I be happy if
enabled some day to make Rugby my home.
Very truly yours,
John T. Roberts.
published the good things said of Rugby and the
Cincinnati Southern Railway, I would not feel quite
so badly about it. ' But it is all one-sided, and the
good is all eliminated. '
My opinion that the character of the colonists was
not the best for a pioneer life in a rugged country is
much misrepresented when he makes me say "that
nothing short of a miracle would enable it to succeed
under its present conditions." That language is a
great deal stronger than whatwas uttered, and is not
even qualified by my expressed hopes for its success.
I am sorry that the reporter did not appreciate the
fact that what I told him was in the way of a private
and not a public conversation. However, I will do
him the justice to suppose that he was not guilty of
any intentional wrong or misrepresentation, as he
seemed to me to be a gentleman. His fault was in
setting down only what was said against, and entirely
leaving out what was said for.
G. B. Nicholson.
We publish the following letter as it appeared in
the late Cincinnati papers, with pleasure we presume
to Mr. Nicholson as well as ourselves, and he will now
forgive the sharp retorts which the garbled reports of
his conversation, as published by the New, York and
Chicago papers, brought out from here and elswhere.
No animosity, Brother Nicholson ; come and see us.
Knoxville, Tenn., Dec. 6,1880.
Captain H. H. Tatem.-t? Sir : A 'telegram
having appeared in the Gazette, copied from the
Chicago Tribune, purporting to give my opinions on
the Rugby Colony, I thought it well to make a little
explanation to you, in order to correct any bad im
pression that you or others might form therefrom.
I did not represent myself as being connected with
the Cincinnati Southern Railway. But that is im
material, as I did say that I formerly was.
I represented the country as too poor for the raising
of grain crops, but added that, according to the
opinions of those well able to judge, it was well
adapted to fruit (not root) growing, and that, now
that a railroad had opened it to commerce, other
sources of wealth would be developed in it. I spoke
of the coal which underlies the Cumberland plateau,
and the benefits it might bring to the Rugby colon
ists, and illustrated there mark by a reference to the
development of the mountain regions of Pennsyl
vania, which, before the era of railroads, was a com
I mentioned the subject . of defective titles to
Tennessee mountain lands, and also said that Mr.
Hughes had assured the public that any uncertainty
about the Rugby titles would be quieted
Having been so well treated by the officers of the
Cincinnati Southern Railway during my seven years'
connection with it, it is not becoming that I should
go about thecountry decrying any enterprise which'
is likely to add to the prosperity of a road in which
I take a warm interest.
While in New York I occupied two days, with a
nartv of about fiftv engineers, evamininnr thf nntaKlA
I , cy - j o 1 "-"is - w i hu. lvi v.
workifc- Several reporters acconiDanied us. amnntr
them onViaw a great deal of during the two days,
from the facrat he was a resident of Cincinnati
some years since. Ie seemed take a great per
sonal interest in all 'pertaining to that city ana its
railroads, and had a grUuunany questions to ask me,
introducing, naturally, ttelubject of the Rugby settle
ment. As his business was to report the doings of a
a society, and not the infornlal conversations between
two old fellow-townsmen, I was completely off my
guard, and had not the remptest suspicion that any
thing I might say would am) j ar in print. Had he only
NOT INTENDED FOR PUBLICATION.
Rugby, Tennessee, Xmas, 1880.
To Miss Mary East, Rugby, England.
My Dear Mamie .-Here we are in Rugby, Ten
nessee ; really at the place we have talked of so much
for the last few months. I will try and give you an
account of our journey and first impressions, as I
promised, but I fear it will be but a confused account,
as my ideas are not at all clear yet. We only spent
a few hours in New York, so saw nothing of the town,
but hope to do so in returning. We left by the even
ing train, taking the Pennsylvania route, the cars on
which are most comfortable.. After leaving Philadel
phia, where a stoppage was made for supper, the por
ter cameyaround to malie up the beds, and it was
most amusing to see triej ; travelers disappearing one
after another beh:rd ..thir curtains. j They manage
to heat the carVery well,, in factbl' well for us, as
we found it almost too hot to sleep, and were longing
to open the windows. We breakfasted at Pittsburg.
It :"as rather a gloomy morn irigV and the town was
enveloped smoke. 'This must be nearly always
the case therel should thinky fdr there seemed to be
countless furnaceaVNfiiOkeOTrrvrfcuralso flames
poured from the chimney toyj&aiid gave a weird aspect
to the place. . The river, which is of a dirty yellow
color, also looked as if it belonged to some infernal
region. The country we passed through during the
day was not particularly: interesting; for the most
part undulating and pretty well covered with small
timber. There was a good deal of water lying about,
and as there was not much fencing visible, I should
hata thought,v(e.-were passing through waste fortst
land but for occasional farm houses that we saw, and
fcvidtnces of tops that had been gathered in ; but I
hear it is considered ery fine land: The day seemed
long, but we managed to get through it very well by
the aid of novels, fmcP a game a whist, which we '
were requested to play by some feljow travelers. Who
or what they were we know not, mt they were most
polite to us; as indeed all the Americans whom we
met on our journey were. We reached Cincinnati
late in the evening and went to the Grand Hotel ; a
most comfortable resting place. M e remained there
the next day and saw something of 'the town, which
seems fairly good, and in summej- I should think
would look very pretty, as it is very well situated. It
is surrounded on most sides by hills j we.went up one
in a street car, which was taken up bodily in a sort of
lift. The river is very broad and crossed by a fine
suspension lriclge. We left early the following morn
ing by the Southern Railway, which has not long been
opened. As the journey would only Qccupy the day,
we were not in a sleeping car; consequently we had
a goo many more people with us, and they had more
the Appearance of second and third dass passengers
in England. They were country people, I suppose,
for the ' train stopped at numbers f small stations,
and somebody was always getting out or coming in.
We passed through some rather decent scenery in
Kentucky, deep rocky valleys and ravines with streams
running through them ; over some of these the rail
road js carried on marvellously high bridges. The
line must have been rather a hard one to make.'
V . .... v.