Newspaper Page Text
u ;h AN
JL N O
SIIOTJIjDEII I'D SlIOULDJZlt.
RUGBY, MORGAN CO., TENN., MAY, 1881.
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THE SEDGEMOOR ROAD.
7e Sedgemoor Road.
When the town site of Rugby had been selected
by the founders of this colony, on account of its pe
culiar fitness as the center of, the district which it
was their intention to open up, it became a matter of
the first importance to select the best possible point
for its depot on the Cincinnati Southern Railway,
and to make the best possible road to it. It was by
no means clear at first that Nature, besides bestowing
on this site exceptional healthfulness and beauty, had
provided it also with a natural road to the nearest
point on the railway which would have to be made
before that healthfulness and beauty could be of
much benefit .to mankind in general. It may
seem to some of our readers a very simple matter,
when you have selected a town site less than ten
miles from a railway, to decide on the point on that
railway which is to be your base of operations, and
the line which your road has to take to it ; but those
who are familiar with any undeveloped forest country
will not make that mistake. And here it may be
well to note an important difference between the
railways in the Old and those in the New country.
The former had to be made along lines of more or
less old towns, and when once these were reached,
no question could arise as to the place at which the
smaller towns within a certain radius would have to
ship themselves and their goods. But with by far
the greater number of the American railroads, it was
quite a different matter. These had to march out
boldly into the wilds, trusting to their selection of a
developable country through which to pass, and to
their tapping other lines of travel, to take' their towns
with them; and this was the case with what we may
call ' ' our " Railway. Most of our readers probably
know how this line came to be made. Cincinnati,
than which there is not a more go-a-head city on this
continent, having first made up its mind that it re
quired a direct communication with the Southern
Railways at Chattanooga, had supplied that defi
ciency by building a "bee line" of railway three
hundred and forty miles south to that place. To do
this it had, for about a third of the way, to pass
through the Cumberland Plateau, which presented
every variety of difficulty for its engineers, and had
as yet no towns of any importance along the line.
So the stations came to be made at points the nearest
to the scanty settlements, or to lines of country most
likely to be settled ; and when the founders of this
Colony represented to the trustees of the Cincinnati
Southern Railway (about a' year ago) that such a
point occurred just two hundred and twenty-one
miles from Cincinnati, and that a station there would
very much aid their enterprise, they readily obtained
a promise that one should be made. Then the se
lection of the exact line to be taken along the "hog
back " of which we have spoken as the natural ap.
proach to Rugby, and the grading of the road, were
begun, and carried on in the face of many difficul
ties all through the latter part of last spring and sum
mer. By far the most important of these difficul
ties were the crossing of White Oak; and the grading
of the ascent from thence to the town site ; but by
the end of September, these and the others had been
fairly overcome, and though the road was by no
means finished, by the 5th of October last, when the
opening of the Colony took place, it was in a suffi
ciently advanced state to allow of the guests who
came to attend that ceremony being driven along it.
The very heavy traffic over the road, during the past
exceptionally severe winter, has made it at times
almost impassable, but it is quite clear that without
it our access to the railway would have been, at times,
cut off altogether. The road is now well consoli
dated; and, though we shall welcome the narrow
guage railway, which, as we understand, is now to
be made to connect Rugby with the Cincinnati
Southern, we are inclined to think that the " Sedge
moor road " will still be used by travelers who have
sufficient leisure, and by those who have bought farms
between Rugby and the Railway ; and, at any rate,
with its belt of trees on either side, it will be for
many a day the most popular drive out of Rugby.
An Absorbing Pursuit.
A curious item has reached us in a rather round
about manner. It appears that the Mark Lane Ex
Press has been publishing a series of articles under
the title, "Plain facts .about American farming."
We take the following paragraph from its issue of
the nth ult.
" Plain facts about American Farming" seem to
be rather roughly stated in other journals than this.
A writer in an Illinois paper gives the following de
scription of the Western farmer's mode of life and
The average Western farmer toils hard early and
late, often depriving himself of needed rest and
sleep for what ?. To raise corn. For what ? To
feed hogs. For what ? To get money with which
to buy more land. For what ? To raise more corn.
For what? To feed more hogs. For what? To
buy more land. And what does he want with more
land ? Why he wishes to raise more corn to feed
more hogs to buy more land to raise more corn
to feed more hogs and in this circle he moves
until the Almighty stops his hoggish proceedings.
The following is one of the sections of the new
Road Law, lately signed by the Governor of Ten
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, that all male in
habitants over 15 and under 50 years of age, except
such as are permanently disabled from performing
common labor and are released by the commissioners,
shall work not less than three nor more than six days
upon the highways each year, the work to be done
at any time the overseer shall give three days notice
of the time and place to commence. Any road hand
sq,.notified may be exempt from work by sending an
able-bodied substitute, or by giving one dollar for
each day, or by furnishing any team and plow or
wagon the overseer may require, to be allowed a
credit for the same as provided in the next section.
The next section places the value of an efficient
hand at $1 per day, of one horse and plow at $1.50,
of a span of horses or yoke of oxen, with plow or
wagon, at $2.00. .