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I 0* I IK sjv 1 I sfS p» S" S-v £*, & STURGIS ADVERTISER. I. R. OROW, PROPRIETOR. Tha ADYKRTISKB is entered nt the Sturgis post office as second-class matter. OFFICIAL PAPER OF MEADE COUNTY ONLY REPUBLICAN PAPER THE COUNTY. THURSDAY. JANUARY 16. lSTO. RETRENCHMENT. It is well that the present legislature should have for its watchword "retrench ment," but that body should be careful lest it practice a false economy. In the light of present facts, i. e: sura deficiency at the end of the year of over $172,000, it will be well to curtail expenses at all possible points. At the same time a deficit of such a paltry sum is nothing for such a state as South Da kota. In reality South Dakota is one of the richest states in the Union. In very few years, with careful manage ment, it will be better off than Iowa, state without a cent's indebtedness. In our humble opinion needless re formatory institutions should be closed. All public institutions, not in absolute need, should have little, or no funds ap propriated for their maintenance. But while we are trying to bring our expen ses down to the minimum, there is one class of public institutions that should not be hampered by small and inade quate appropriations, nor permanently disabled by forced closure owing to the witholding of necessary funds by the state government. To this class belong our state Normal schools. Under no circumstances whatsoever should the state's educational institutions be allowed to suffer for even the short est space. A state is never the loser, even when it goes deeply into debt in order to improve its educational facili ties, when it strives to give its young but rapidly growing citizens a liberal and advanced education. Let the axe of retrenchment fall upon other portions of our statehood tree but prune nor cut not the educational branch. Stop the growth of expenditure at all other points first. Cut down the salaries of public officers limit the pay of legislators to two or even one dollar per day shut up the reform school do not open the soldiers' home knock off all officials whose works can readily be consolidated with the labors of others discontinue that valuable of fice of commissioner of immigration—if absolutely necessary—but never close the educational institutions nor reduce their appropriations below an actual liv ing basis. Our commissioner of immigration we need, but, if we have to, we can give him up, rather than have our school appro priations cut down. We prefer to have the people already here receiving the benefits of our superior advantages rath er than have an immigration bureau bringing people into a state with its ed ucational institutions closed and doors barred. To close these advanced public schools would be false economy of the worst sort. We hope our legislature will do the proper thing. JUST FOR A CHANGE. The ADVERTISER appears this week in a slightly altered form and will, until the proprietor gets tired of the new deal, maintain the present make-up. The paper will be found full of news and interesting to all. Several errors occur in the directory that will be corrected next week. We call attention to the changes in the ad vertisements of the First National bank, J. 0. McMillan and Baymond the grocer. According to Washington dispatches the clerks in the land office are busily engaged in preparing patents for an enormous number of settlers living in this land district. These patents have been hung up for several years and un doubtedly would have remained suspen ded were South Dakota's representatives not on the ground. State Auditor Taylor is going to be sued by the Cherokee Life association of Iowa for $20,000 damages for going for the company on account of its ir regular manner of doing business in this state. Taylor evidently knew what he was about when he got after it. The various cities competing for the world's fair of 1892 are presenting their arguments to a congressional committee. Only a combination can beat Chicago— but that is just exactly what we are afraid of. The office of reoorder of deeds of the District of Columbia paid the holder du ring the past two years and ten months the sum of $40,000. Congress has just found it out and now proposes to make it a salaried office. A bill prohibiting the sale, manufac ture and importation of intoxicating liq uors in the United States has been intro duced in the bouse by Congressman Pick ler. The proclamation to open the Sioux reservation is already signed and will be issued this week—perhaps before this paper reaches its readers. The commissioners of Fall liiver oouu ty have decided to issue liquor licenses. They may get the worst of it in doing so. Loueks is still president of the state Fanners' alliance. His resignation was not accepted. C. S. (Rainbow) Brice has been elect ad senator by the Ohio legislature. L. P. Jenkins has postmaster at Lead. beeu appointed is-JsttHs \jrfv PIERRE PELLETS. The committees on mines and mining in both house and senate are presided over by actual, practical miners—genu ine drill polishers. They are fair sam ples of the "foreigners of the lower or der" who, according to Hitchcock's hy phenated hermaphrodite, inhabit Lead City. If the legislature were composed entirely of men like them South Dakota would have no reason to be ashamed of her lawmakers. Senator Bangs of Rapid City is said to be the Sunset Cox of the legislature. This may be the cause of his appoint ment as chairman of the committee on insurance. He is the only democrat from the Hills given a prominent place. No, thanks. We have no time. A bill has been introduced in the senate providing for the creation of the office of state expert printer. Now let some bril liant senator present a bill for the ap pointment of a state poundmaster-gene ral and the country will be saved. The anxiously awaited prohibition bill has been introduced in the senate. This is the bill prepared by the State Enforce ment league and is very voluminous. The full text of the bill has not yet reached us. It is said to be iron-clad. A bill consisting of thirty-seven pages of type-written legal cap has been pre sented in the house. It has thirty-six sections and is a copy of the California election law with some phases of the Australian system added. The South Dakota house of represent atives is said to be the noisiest body of men on earth—all on account of La Grippe. A large number of the mem bers have that fashionable disease. Representative Cummings has presen ted a bill in the house providing for the continuance in force of the laws of the territory where they do not conflict with the constitution or later legislative en actment. Senator Crawford of Pierre has presen ted a bill reducing the number of state senators to thirty and members of the house to seventy-five and also providing for a new apportionment. Sol Star intrduced a bill in the house providing for the registration of the names of all electors, for the printing, and distributing of ballots and to facili tate voting at state elections. A bill has been presented in the state senate declaring certain fees void and preventing registers of deeds from charg ing fees for discharging chat-tie mortga ges. Senator Washabaugh has introduced a bill providing for the fixing of county officials salaries at $300 per annum, and graduated additions dependent upon population. Four bills have been introduced in the legislature looking to the extension of time for the paying of the taxes of 1889 to June 3,1890. The name of Senator Hughes of Rap id City is not to be found in the list of committees of the legislature. What is the reason Colonel Parker has introduced a bill organizing county courts and defining their jurisdiction. Women suffrage is very likely to be voted upon at our next state election. A bill has been introduced reducing interest cn tax sales from 30 to 15 per cent. The house has decided to employ but three committee clerks. Heretofore their name has been legion. The inaugural ball took place last night. It was to be the finest event ever given in Dakota. Senator Galvin is a member of the fol lowing committees: Elections, education, and engrossing and enrolling bills. Representative Miller is on the com mittee on appropriations and also on county and county affairs. Representative Cooper drew a member ship on the committees on state affairs and elections and privileges. Senator Parsons of Lawrence county is chairman of the senate committee on mines and mining. Representative Cummings is chairman of the house committee on state affairs. W. S. O'Brien of Lawrence is chair man of the house committee on mines and mining. Cole of Custer is chairman of the com mittee on Indian affairs in the house. Colonel Parker is the head of the house committee on federal relations. Star has presented a bill asking for the re-submission of prohibition to the people. The prohibition bill introduced in the house fills 608 pages of legal cap—and written with a typewriter, too. Who Was Tour Great Grandfather? The Detroit Journal desires to receive by postal card the address of all living male and female descendants of revolu tionary officers and soldiers of 1776, and, when possible, the name and state of the ancestor. Wonder if W. H. Brearley, proprietor of the Journal, is contempla ting a raid upon the national treasury Congressman William D. Kelly of Pennsylvania, the oldeet member of the house, died in Washington on Friday. He had sera continuous service tor twenty-five years. A party of Rapid City business men have received a patent for a new fiie-ee cape. Sturgis has lost La Grippe, •^ir WANAMAKER & BROWN, OAK HALIJ, PH3X.ADELPHIA- Philadelphia, Jan. 10,1890. Mr. J. O. McMillan, Sturgis, S. D. Dear Sir: We have been planning for some days to give you a special chance to sell goods, and now is our opportunity. The line of samples sent herewith unquestionably contains the finest bargains ever placed in your hand§. It is a privi lege to purchase such high grade fabrics at the Prices quoted, and you should efitect very large results. The Are high class goods and will give an almost un limited amount of servicer The Splendid is the only word befitting these qualities. The entire assortment are the best imported goods of this character. Merchant tailors in your local ity would be obliged to charge $10 to $12 for them. The 7.50 Trouserings, It would be difficult to purchase better qualities thau these. Six of the styles are high grade im ported goods. The $20.00 S"u.i tings, You will observe in this assortment two diagonal cloths. We would suggest that you advise your customers to order these for coat and vest only, with trousers of contrasting material, the best re sults are affected. Four of the styles in this range were made in Ireland by the Parnell & Davitt syn dicate for the advancement of Irish industries. All of these fabrics are from leading and reliable makers. With one exception the goods are silk mixed. They will give splendid service and are very cheap. The styles are genteel and attractive and adapted to all occassions, business or dress. Of the whole year this is the best time to sell extra pairs of trousers. Let us see what you can do. WANAMAKER & BROWN. RAYMOND Wants to find out if America was ever discovered. He says at the time when Columbus started in search of the new world nearly every man, woman and child in Europe insisted that there was no new world to discover. When he came back, crowned with success, a large proportion of the people adherred to their theory, and if they were alive today many of them would doubtless insist that America had never been discovered at all. A man will give up anything more readily than a pet theory. For example: look at the individual who still maintains that Raymond can't BELL GROCERIES AT COST and make a profit. Now, to be satisfied of this fact call and buy of him and drop that old theory, for he is selling at cost. SHERIDAN HOUSE JOHN SCOLLARD, Prop. A Home for ETerybociy HEADQUARTERS FOR DEADWOOD HACKS. Free 'IBTJLS to a.ncL From all Trains The H. D. Btevep lanufacfriring Go. BUGGIES AND CARRIAGES. ROAD CARTS "TJJB HR&T Write for prices. Address, AND POOPS FOK THE BOSS ROAD WAGON. THE WORLD BEATER ROM BART. .Olir tvork is fully warranted, is of excellent material and flulsh, and moderate In price. Our line of Buggies Is very complete. We make a specialty of Hand and Machine Made HarMMMb HARNESS. TUB MONEY." 15 to 19 West Lake Street, CHJfiftD, ILL. MILTON H. BUTLER, President. G. V. AYBES. WESTERN BAM AM) TRUST CO. Capital $250,000. PRINOIPALOFFIOE, STURGIS DIRECTORS. Milton H. Butler, Gilbert Hart, Charles K. Latham, Jacob W. Weetai, ot Detroit, Miehignn John G. Wenke, E. T. Huffman, F. M. Allen, Ohas. C. Polk, W. Frank Btreet, of Sturgis. Transacts a General Banking Business. BUYS MUNICIPAL AND SCHOOL BONDS. FARM LOANSsLOWEST RATES "Do You. Want to 2w£aJ&.® a Loan? CALL ON- WESTERN DAKOTA LOAN & TRUST CO. Before making arrangements elsewhere. They will make you a loon on the best terms to be had. No delay. Money on hand.——•— Bo Sure and See Them. Syndicate Block, Deadwood, Dak. S. M. HOUGHTON, Sec. £3^Abstract8 furnished nnd guaranteed. E. O. KNIGHT, Harness, Saddles, Bridles, Whips NETS, BLANKETS, COLLARS, ETC,, ^Eain Street, Sturgis. Manufacture anything in the harness line to order, on short notice. Repairing promptly done, THEE COMMERCIAL Metin-st., Stmrgis. EXCELLENT CUISINES *ST BEOS IN TOWN Free Bus to and from All Trains. SAMPLE ROOM FOR TRAVELING MEN. G-ive us a Call. J. M'Clain, Prop. Bitney the Liveryman BEST TURNOUTS IN THE COUNTY. Rates- to- Correspond- with- the Times FAMILY CARRIAGE HORSES A SPECIALTY. Stock Boarded by the Say or Week, and First-Class Care of same Guaranteed Blacksmith and Wheelwright, liack of Yulcan corner, on Junction Avenue. I am at the old stand ready to do work for each and all. 1 have reduced prices greatly «nd with iny lo&gexperieraearid HUJeiior W. FRANK STREET, Cashier SCALES AT THE BAEN. E. T. MARSHALL, facilities can discount anyone in the Hills at any work in uiy line STURGIS DAKOTA, CHARLES H. MUELLER, Successor to Mueller & Ilunnan, Druggist and Optician DRUGS, STATIONERY and FIELD GLASSES. Prescriptions a Specialty. Open at all Hours. THEODOIiE HAAS. DB. W. G. SMITH (Successors to H, Stein & Co.) •-JOBBERS AND DBALE11S tX- Drugs, Chemicals, Proprietaries, Paints, Etc. TOIL.3T ARTICLES AND SUNDRIES, Main Streot, Sturgis. AYRES & WARDMAN, HARDWARE AND IL/Tining Supplies, DEADWOOD, DAKOTA CO., T- F„ E. & M. V. R. R. Fremont, Elkhorn & Mo. Valley Railroad, between STURGIS, D. *V., -AND- OMAHA, SIOUX CITY, CHICAGO, ST. PAUL AND ALL^POIWra— East, West, North and South, THROUGH TICKETS and Baggage Checked to Destination. TRAINS DEPART: GOING SOUTH: GOING NOBTH. Chicago Ex.. .3:24 p.m. Bl'kHillflEx..H:20&. m. Freight H:20 a. m. Freight fld2 p. m. For further information call on A. D. WOOD, Agent, Sturgis, Dakota* H. G. BUKT, J. R. BUCHANAN, Gen. Manager, Gen. Pass. Agent, OMAHA, NEBRASKA. AX TME EXPOSITION -5^=Univer5ELLE, PARIS, 1889, The Highest Possible Premium, THE ONLY GRAND PRIZE FOR SEWING MACHINES, WAS AWARDED TO WHEELER & WILSON MEG, CO, AND THE ACROSS 0F THE* LEQION OF HONOR, WAS CONFERRED UPON NATHANIEL WHEELER, The President of the Company. vumpany. TheW. &W. 1I« n* lo.9 HAS TAKEN FIRST PREMIUM AT EVERY STATE and CeUNTY FAIR AT WHICH IT HAS BEEN EXHIBITED. Sold by MAX FISHEL, Sturgis. Deadwood. BES? seeds arc thosr put up by D. FERRY & CO. Who are the Largest Seedsmen in the world. D. M.FURRY& Go's Beautifully Illustrated, Descriptive SEEDAM^AL for 1850 will he mailed FREE to all applicants, and lo last season's cus tomers. It is better than ever. Kv cry person using Garden, Flower or Field SEEDS Id send for it. D. M. Ft RRY A, WHiriSCDIHG ON reflux I°i geopt. TI10 followii CO. DETROIT, MiCH. y i miles .r::rrr One of the I RKSTIVl-FREEarriliti.nfmLOurIIIanlI'll.fM'OIM'Rtile to introdur.' our V,d B. II. WAIINWAV »u j.'ThirFOoilcUPwill srmtH.-KB fi.MNK IT.I'mix W st and each liK-nlitv, a-nlnp Owly rhn«f uhn write tcinsiit onceinn make mrp of ttit tinner AH ou tmvMorto in rcnmi is to elimv our (rood* to th"M' li" -nU— your neiprhliori -.-r—-— gu,| «rnut)d you. Tlie be ,j,,a*,' pfmjijjj, ,,f ti,i6 AdvcrtiM'nietit glti.ws tin- *niail «.f I»I» •Ut (fives th" ujijcm ince uf it i- .1-. "TSd alxjut til- fifii 'th pail its litil!.. ll is :i ^iuud, iluuMi siii. U it at'op«\n« U tm\v to r.irry Wo will aUo thou- you liowrnu con milk-* I'rom toijjft 10 a day «l !i-nst, 1'iuiu tin- start,\vitli on! ei Itwtrr writ'- nt !»«•«». We |wv nil rxpn-ss -karjr**. Addm«, II lUl.LP. rr ti ro.. Dm ggO, I'oitii.AM), Maink. flrtio write nt oni-o •1 Soli! Watch.1 i.r !$ 1GO. until lately st vvutrli in tU« world. riect timekeeper. War •t*d. Heavy rtolij Uull utinp Ca»ei. llutli ladict' (its' aizet, with works u*i\s of equal value. SciENTtfic I'crnon iu each lo- i.iltjy ran secure one free, jpr ti.ir-'thu with our larpcandra). unblft lino of lIou«eholl Kumplcft* These eatnplei, aa well as the watch, we aend Frets and after you have kept mouths nnd shown them to thoaa bccomc your own property. Tboto an be aure of receiving tbe VTR(C1I Address Md Snmplcft. We pay all express, freight, ct& fljflDBon«fc Co., Box gig,Portland,MuiAe* America! niost popular scientific JSS?,Via?-cal?of*"'J? aper a,nd nr.d PuWifhed and has the larpept Vnfii®n J'»per of its class in the world, in?!ly lln^Tn\Qlh ,leHt cltts8 ()f i. Jo Wood Kncriiv- week,)r- CTv- 1 Send for specimen y'ur- r'onr month?' trial, fl. oi1..\.s (,a, Broadway, N.Y. ARCHITECTS & BUILDER* Edition of Scientific American. O issue contains riq Vft l! country and city reriden-colored Snri f«i? buildjriKS. Numerous en^ravin^a S for the use of Btichuscontemplate building. lri*e *2.50a jear, i-y a copy. Mr.NN fo., IVui.lr,HKil». i TnitTbeMcur- Uy npply- TRADE MARKS. In case your mai ir is not rwiciereil in thd Pat ent Office, apply t-» Mtw.v A Co., and procar* immediate juotectjoti. t?eud lur Handbook. COPYRIGHTS f»r UmkR, chartu, iDBpfl* etc., quickly Addres# 3IITXX CO., Patent S»licltor% -^44 A j. OjjriLk. K tup to Ml'NN )& :«»., who have had over H'.irs experience and have made OT«r J'ki.t*'! application* f..,« American and Kor ihuidbouk. Corre» iH.ndi ncii srnetly .utjd*mit'