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~?i vV". sfe P'", :fie NOTES OF THE WHEEL MATTERS OF INTEREST TO DE VOTEES OF THE BICYCLE. Radical Departure In the Methods of Tn.nsiulttlug Power—New Cable Cycle on the Market—Wuty of Men Who Have Become Famous Wheelmen. RADICAL depart ure in the method of transmitting power on bicycles is shown in the ca ble cycle recently placed on the mar ket, and showing it will make under hard usage will be watched with in re t, although the experimental wheel is said to have been riden successfully last season, 3ays a writer in the Washington Star. Both sprocket wheels differ from the accepted pattern. The front sprocket is about ten inches in diameter, con sisting of a hub and rim, connected by tangent spokes, similar to the rear and front wheels. The rim of the sprocket is %-inch wide. Three inches apart on its surface are the slots, 3-16 inch wide and 5-16 long. At each end of these 3lots is a tooth, projecting one-quarter inch. The rear sprocket is similar except that its arms are solid. The pitch of the teeth, if they may be called such, is three inches, there being five slots on the rear sprocket. The driving ca ble is made of piano wire, and is said to be able to sustain a dead weight of a ton. Two strands of the wire are used, passing through rollers at such distances apart that the rollers fit into the slots in the sprockets. The wire is crossed as it passes through each roller, thus preventing the roller from slipping. Claims of 1'ghtness, strength and frictionless running arc made. The bearings are of the four-ball order, inch balls in a ball retaining separator being used. No oil is required, and the bearing is practically two-point. Duty of the Stars. In the preparation for the San Fran cisco meet last spring it was very un certain as to who of the great eastern cracks would be present. Several were advertised for a time. It was the show ing of pictures of these by means of a stereopticon on the side of a building that brought the remark, "How little Gardiner knows of the advertising that is being given him way out here in San Francisco. Here is his picture be ing published in a city in which he has never been. He is well known here in San Francisco, though never present at a meet in this part of the country." "You will find the pictures of the prom'nent racing men shown all over the country, in stores and in private dwellings, yet the people who place these pictures where they may be seen by thousands have never seen the men. Racing men of today are from the ordi nary walks of life. They would never be heard of were in not for their rac ing. Ordinarily they would be con 03rned in commercial pursuits. John soil, Zimmerman, Bald, Cooper, Gardi ner and many others are well known throughout the length and breadth of their own land, and of foreign lands as well. Especi ally is this so with Johnson and Zim merman, owing to the length of time they have been in the business. It is a fact that the racing men of the coun try do not recognize the prominence they obtain in this world, in which they are compelled to live, through the :)art they take in the sport. Advertised by the makers who employ them, ad vertised through the stories of the races which go out and by the cycle papers which circulate to the ends ot the earth, they should conduct them selves in the sport as gentlemen at all times, and bring the standard up to tiie highest limit. "An unworthy man may degrade an honorable calling or a su perior man may elevate an occupation to his own standing." 1 Change of Heart. Henry E. Duoker, of Boston, who i3 one of the veteran race managers in H. E. DUCKER^ this country and who has at times filled various offices in the L. A. W„ is a strong advocate of the league as the controlling power in racing. Years ago Ducker headed a movement to take control of raping from the league trot the attempt was a failure and his study of the subject since has com pletely changed his views. Now that an element in the west is trying to weaken the league's control Ducker makes the following timely statement: "I am of the opinion that the league should control bicycle racing. The at titude of certain officials of the or ganization interferes seriously with a satisfactory consummation of such a course, but the time is coming, and soon, too, when that attitude will be materially changed. The situation in league circles in regard to racing is somewhat peculiar. The active direc tion of the affairs of the league is in the hands of a few men who are im bued with the traditional English aversion to racing upon the league tracks. The majority of league men are heartily in favor of racing, and the men who pull the wires are opposed, and have carried their objections into effect. A Safe Sport, The recent death of A. W. Harris, the English racing man, resulting from a fall in a race cn a cement track, has provoked comment upon the dangers of bicycle racing, and also the use of cc-meut tracks. A well-known rider in discussing this subject claims that cycle racing is about the safest sport for men yet invented. This fact he claims is exemplified when it is taken into consideration the hundreds who compete in races each week, ther ter rific speed at which they travel, the excitement inseparable from such con tests and the imperfections of some of the tracks in use. Wonder i^ excited that there are not more accidents, and that the few which do occur are not more serious. Racing men entertain hopes that the few serious accidents that take place will have the effect of bringing cycling clubs and racing asso ciations to a realization of the few dangers that now exist, in order that they may be eliminated. The suitability of tracks and the overcrowding of the same, particularly in short distance races, are points that should engage the attention of the racing authorities. Improved tracks and competent offi cials at race meets, it is felt, will soon mitigate the small chances of accidenj that now exist. Staubach's Medal. The Century Road Club of Americq has awarded to C. P. Staubach of New York City the 1896 New York State me- C. P. STAUBACH. dal for the most meritorious ride ol last year. On June 7, 1896, Staubach rode a double century to Philadelphia and return, establishing a new record for the course, the first time that the ride has ever been made in one day. The Right ot Way. Notwithstanding all that has been skid and written upon the subject of cy cling etiquette, it is impossible for an observant cyclist to spend an afternoon on the road without noticing some vio lation of simple rules that should by this time be thoroughly impressed up on the cycling kind. The rule of the road that is centuries older than bi cycles, regarding turning to the right whan meeting a vehicle or pedestrian, is for the most part carefully observed! the violations being few and far be tween, exceping in cases where combi nations of vehicles make the strict ob servance of the rules impossible. The rule which should be no less well known is, strange to say, frequently vi olated both by drivers and bicyclerts. that is, when overtaking another ve hicle or bicycle, its rider should pass to the left. In a shok ride on a much traveled Jersey road the writer saw a number of instances of violation of this simple rule. The violations of the rule were mainly by scorchers, of course. They are always a nuisance on any road, and in their recklessness do not seem to regard any rule as worth re garding. Some of these violators no ticed were, however, men who could not be classed with the scorchers. These two rules are simple enough and should be second nature with every bi cycle rider, and it is indeed surprising to see how frequently the second one is violated. The danger of collision i? greatly increased because of the uncx pectedness of an approach from the wrong side, often causing a beginner ti wabble into the wheel of the rider whe has thoughtlessly broken the rules the road. I A Kansas City girl who" is beginning to ride a bicycle says the reason she it looking thin is because she has fallen off so much of lata _,r A BONNY LADY PIRATE SAILED MAIN AND 3UCHT LIKE A TIGRESS. l)arlng and Bloodthirsty Anne Came from a Respectable Family, bat in lier Youth Ran Away with a Villain ous Sailor, E N the latter part of that period in which fleets roamed about the Carib bean Sea and the Mexican Gulf fly ing the "jolly roger," and armies of bucc a stormed and plun dered cities of the Spanish Main, there appeared a femal pirate from South Carolina, pretty as a picture and as bloodthirsty as Captain Kidd. Her name was Anne Bonny, and she could lead a boarding party to take a galleon of Spain and make the pas sengers and crew walk the plank after ward with the most dashing buccaneer that ever sailed under the skull and crossbones. Anne was born in Ireland, her pa rents immigrating to the Carolinas when she was a baby. She was a wild and headstrong girl as she grew up, but as her father was a man of prop erty it was expected that she would make a good marriage and settle down. Several desirable young men were striving for her hand and fortune, and but for that opportunity which Satan always sends to the wickedly inclined Anne Bonny's name might now be i-ead in the pedigree of some old and proud Southern family. But the opportunity came in the shape of a wicked sailor, fresh from the Spanish main, a sailor strong and lusty of limb, full of strange oaths and Jamaica rum, and more than half suspected of being a pirate. And in sooth he was a pirate, left by iome chance on the American coast, and aiting for an opportunity to get back to the West Indies and the life of a rover again. Anne must have had in her the same devil which has recently been shown by the Princess Chimay, for, turning her back on her well-born sweethearts, she eloped with the pirate- A sailor. The pair, somehow, found their way to the island of Old Providence, then a great pirate resort. At Old Providence Anne found a man who pleased her more than her sailor in the person of Captain Rackham, a mighty plunderer of the seas, a storm er of cities, a slayer of men and a taker of gold-laden Spanish galleons. Rack ham and Anne were married, and they put to sea in his ship on a voyage of blood and plunder. There never was a crew in the world that approved the captain taking his wife to sea with him. Pirate crews were no exception. Rackham did not care to run counter to the wishes of his gallant crew, for pirates were a hasty folk, and it was ill arguing with them. So Anne went on board her hus band's ship disguised as a cabin boy. On board the ship she found a woman named Mary Reed, who was disguised as a sailor. The ship had an eventful PORTRAIT OF FEMALE PIRATE voyage, and many fierce fights with armed merchant vessels and ships of the King which tried to take them. The old chronicles say that in all those engagement the two women pi rates fought like fiends, killing many with their own hands and encouraging the men to all sorts of horrible deeds. At last there came along one of ihe King's ships too strong for Captain Rackham to fight with successfully and too swift for her to flee from. It was an English frig&ts, and she at once gave battle to the saucy pirate. A storm of grape and canister swept the decks of the pirate ship, and the crew in terror ran below. Anne Bonny and Mary Reed, so far from leaving the deck, waved their cutlasses in the faces of the enemy and cursed them. Mary Reed, drawing her pistol, fired into the men who were huddled below, killing one and wounding others. The ship of the wicked Rackham was taken, an I those left alive on board of her were tried for piracy. Anne Bonny and Mary Reed, though they had exposed themselves so recklessly in the fight, were taken alive and carried to Eng land to be tried. At the trial both were found guilty and sentenced to be hanged. Anne, however, was reprieved from time to time, and finally escaped execution. What ultimately became of her is uncertain. ICE MEN. How the Ilardy Explorers Reached This Land Is a Mystery. How palaeolithic man got to this land—for it does not seem likely that the genus homo was indigenous here —is a question that has puzzled the wisest perhaps by way of Greenland, over the bridging ice field which prob ably connected Europe and America, say Lippincott's. However, we know that he did get here, and, as the first wandering bands of these old hunters came, we know, too, that they found a land of snow and ice, of great rivers and many lakes. It seems probable, from the finding of occasional imple ments in the older travels, that the earliest emigrants arrived while the glacier was at its maximum. One un broken field of ice had spread over all the north, covering Manhattan is land 1,000 feet and reaching to within fifty miles of Philadelphia. As the years passed, more bands of these hardy explorers reached this land, and as the second and later recessions of the ice occurred, with accompanying flooded rivers, it is likely that a fairly dense palaeothithic population peopled our river valleys. It was a long time since the first of their race came over the ice afar distant past it must have seemed—as it truly was to these, later day men. To us the founding of Egypt is so far away that it seems almost wholly mythical but the time which elapsed between the period of maxi mum glaciation and the later days of the epoch was possibly five times long er. Yet this is one of the short period's in the life history of the in fant race. Such was time in the be ginning. Walnuts and butternuts are being successfully cultivated in Whatcom county, Washington. They are not na tive to the region. DEMAND FOR AMERICAN WHEAT Reasons Why There Is a Good Market In Australia. The reason why so large a quantity of American wheat was imported into Australia last year is explained by Daniel W. Maratta, United States con sul-general at Melbourne, says the New York Times. It appears that wool growing is regarded by Australians as much the most important industry, and in pursuing that the Australian farmer is often led to neglect the culti vation of wh-Mt. As a rule", the larger "squatters," or ranchmen, do not care to devote their time to farming, pre ferring to give all of their attention to sheep raising. "The consumption of wheat in this colony," writes Consul Maratta, "is at the rate of six bushels to the acre, and as the crop of last year only yielded four and two-tenths bushels to the acre, it will readily be seen that the colonists were short of their requirements nearly two bushels to the acre. To meet this deficiency, the first for a great many years, large imports were made from the United States. These shipments were made from San Francisco, with the exception of one or two vessels from New York." It is becoming a Common custom among Australian ranchmen to rent their land for wheat-growing on shares, the ranchmen furnishing the land and the seed and some neighboring farmer doing all the work. As the wool-grow ing industry, however, is constantly tending to crowd out the wheat culti vation, there is a prospect that in creased demands upon America for wheat supplies will be made in the fu ture. Mr. Maratta says: "It has been wondered how it is that Australia can produce wool, and, for that matter, sheep, so much more cheaply than America, and the answer, too, is very simple. First, the advantage lies in the climate. Here you have a climate where the sheep can and do safely spend every night during the year in the open air and without covering. Then the pasturage is unlimited and virtually free. The cost, of labor is •heaper than with us, and station liv ing is cheaper, and all these things combine to cheapen the animal. You can purchase at a retail butcher's hera in Melbourne prime lamb and mutton at from 5 to 6 cents per pound.' AARON BURR'S PISTOL. Its Adventnres Since It Gave a Fatal Wound to Alexander Hamilton. Louis Marshall of Versailles, Ky., possesses the famous pistol with which Aaron Burr killed Alexander Hamil ton, says the St. Louis Post-Di_. Uch. The fatal weapon has changed hands many times, and has had an interest ing career. Its authenticity is unques tionable. Judge Van Ness, who was Burr's second, marked the pistol and gave it to Col. James Bowie, together with its mate, the Hamilton pistol. Col. Bowie wore the pair as belt pistols, but lost one pistol while swimming a tayou. He afterward presented the re maining weapon to Dr. Carr, the su perintendent of the United States arsenal at Baltimore. Dr. Carr acted as second to Thomas F. Marshall of Versailles, the Kentucky orator and statesman, in his duel with James Watson Webb, editor of the New York Courier and Enquirer, in which Webb was crippled for life. Dr. Carr then gave the Burr pistol to Mr. Marshall, who subsequently presented it to his bi other, Edward C. Marshall. The lat ter carried it through the Mexican war. It was stolen from him by his body servant, but, through a miracle, was located in the City of Mexico and re covered by one of his soldiers. Capt. Marshall, before his death, gave the pistol to his son, Louis Marshall. Thomas F. Marshall, while it was in his possession, had the dueling pistol altered from a flint to a percussion lock. It still shoots very accurately and carries a two-ounce ball. Its bar rel, which is twelve inches long, looks more like a section of a shotgun- than anything else, while the handle is marked twice with the "X" sign, which meant in the palmy days of dueling that the weapon had done fatal work. Georgia Man Who Walks on Water. From the Atlanta Constitution:' Prof. Robert Cook, of Americus, Ga., whose marvelous feats of walking on water have attracted widespread at tention in Americus, was reared hera and until two years ago was actively engaged in mercantile business. He will walk on the Chattahooche River at Columbus this week, going thence to Lake Pontchartrain to practice for walk on the Ohio River from Pittsburg to Cincinnati. Close at Hand, Very. Jaded Cyclist (scarcely good for an other five minutes)—How far is it to Brookley, my man? Native—Brook ley, sir? Oh, you be close on it. Jaded Cyclist Uoyfully)—Which way' Native—Straight up that steep 'ill there, turn to the left for about four mile, then cross the bridge and follow the telegraph posts for a stretch, then sharp round to the right, and Brookley ain't more'n two m—. Jaded cyclist faints.