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Memories of the eventful days when
Charles AnM was warden of Folsom
prison, California, bave been recalled
by the recent* escape of thirteen con
victs from that institution. Aull was
one of the most picturesque characters
developed In the rough and ready life
in California in the years following the
gold discoveries. He was the man who
planned and perrected the unique
guarding of the Folsotn prisoners, and
It was his proud boast that in the
twenty-five years he was warden not a
When Aull took charge of Folsom he
found a huge pile of buildings standing
In a rooky amphitheater close to the
American river. The prison grounds
covered 486 acres, mostly filled with
of the finest limestone.
It had been planned to build walls
around the prison, but Aull advised
against this. He argued that a wall
would be useless, as the convicts would
have to go outside to get to the quar
ries. The prison was left as It was
built, but Aull took steps to keep the
convicts from escaping. He built ten
towers at different points in the prison
grounds and in them placed Gatling
guns. The guns swept every part of
the grounds and also a quarter of a
mile of territory surrounding the prison
The towers were built by convicts.
Aull placed double guards over differ
ent bodies of the prisoners while, they
built the foundations of solid stone and
the superstructure of wood and Iron.
He made the convicts raise the Gat
ling guns to their platform in the 4lttle
galleries of the towers, and every de
tail of the work of defense, or, xathe#,
offense, he let the prisoners become ac
quainted with. Aull said there was
nothing to conceal. He «wanted the
men* to know that extraordinary pre
cautions had been taken to keep them
under control, and he was interested
in having the convicts carry the boxes
of ammunition from wagons into the
towers. Every prisoner that arrived hi
Story of the
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Folsom got a little lecture by the ward
en. Aull wbnld -meet the new arrival
with a hearty handshake and a smile.
"Now, my man," he would say, "there
Is no bread and water here. You will
get good food and plenty of It, and if
you don't try to run off and are good
natured you will get the best of treat
ment. We are easy on the boys here
as long as they behave themselves.
"You see, we have no walls around
this prison, but you will also observe
those towers. The convtets you will
mingle with in the quarries will tell
THE CONVICTS WKBB PANIC STRICKEN.
Ladies Tailored Suits
$10.00 For an all wool suit nicely trimed. Jacket lined with
best quality satteen.
Sitirt, Latest full style. Comes in black
ywi what tbose""are for. It is my duty
to keep you here, and I suppose you
think It Is your duty to fet away. I
don't want you to escape, but If you do
I'll be obliged to you. If you beat our
game It will show a weak spot we toave
Aa he came near the end of his lec
ture Aull would signal with his hand
for the convict to follow him, and,
chatting continually, he would lead
him thftagfr-*be graveyartV In an ap-'
parently tesual way Aulf would call
attention to the white boards standing
in close order at the tops of grass cov
ered graves. On nearly all of them the
Inscription was alike, except for the
names. The general form was:
Shot While Trying to Escape on
July 80, 1901.
In one corner of the graveyard Aull
would stop and point to seven graves.
They were dug after a clever attempt
to escape about ten years ago. Forty
men. were In the plot, and nearly all of
those not killed were wounded.
While working side by side in the
quarries George Fredericks and George
Sontag plotted the escape. Sontag was
serving a sentence for train robbing,
and Fredericks was held for horse
stealing. They discovered that a nar
row gully near the quarry was not
swept by the Gatlings and that it of
fered a chance for escape. Fredericks
was released soon after this discovery.
A few days after he reached Sacra
mento, twenty miles from the prison,,
be bought-forty-rifles and a large quan
tity of ammunition. He loaded the lot
into a covered wagon, and in the dead
of night he left the city. He came with
in a few miles of the prison before day
break and hid in a thick wood during
the day. Before ipldnight he had bid
den the rifles and cartridges at the spot
in the gully that he and Sontag had
Next day the attempt to escape was
made. At midday as forty convicts
Were marching past the gully to dinner
they suddenly broke ranks and seized
the few guards marching beside them.
In a few moments thojr were hidden In
the gully, otit of reach of the Gatlings.
which had begun to pop the moment
they overpowered the guards. Armed
with the rifles left by Fredericks, the
convicts were preparing to fight their
way out of the gully when a small door
opened in the side of an Icehouse at the
head of the gnlly. None of the convicts
skirt, Jacket with double oape and
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and each a masterpieoe of workmanship, the finish perfect.
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All the new Novelties. Waistings and Suitings in pattern
lenghts, No two nlike. The best Outings i0o, Flannelettes 10c
Extra choice line of skirting goods.
Straw Mattings lsc and up, Hemp Carpet aOo, Good ingrain
carpets 3gic and up to the very best three ply oil cloth, Llnol
eumn, Rugs, art squares, and etc.
blue shades. Other
RAPID CITY, SOUTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1903.
noticed the door until a Gatling gun be
gan to pour lead in a stream out of the
opening. The convicts were panic
stricken. They threw down their rifles
and knelt on the ground and shouted
for mercy. The Gatling was worked
for thirty seconds. When the firing
ceased only a few of the men were Jeft
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The seven dead men were carried to
the prison and .were laid naked in a
row on a long deal table. One man had
been struck by fifteen bullets. When
the light had been subdued to make the
wounds show more clearly afeainst the
white skin the convicts were filed slow
ly past the table. About 1,500 men
were In the prison, and the procession
was kept up until the last one had
passed the bodies.
Aull had an original method in mark
ing nfen who had tried and failed to es
cape. He clothed them in red shirts,
and his guafds were instructed to shoot
for these shirts if any effort was made
to break away. Not until every man
wearing a red shirt had been shot down
in a fleeing group were the guards to
fire on the other convicts.
He made the discipline so exact that
it was Impossible for a man to escape.
In the last few years of bis service at
tempts to gain freedom grew less and
less. Finally the prisoners gave it up,
as a bad job. They decided it was bet
ter to work out their sentences or to
hope for a reprieve in the case of a life
sentence than to fee! the bite of the
WITH HIS TEETH.
Wyoming Man's Amazing
:"Battle With a "Big Fe
Anson Sercoff of Torry Creek Can
yon, Wyo., according to his own story,
was lately the hero of a most extraor
dinary battle. He was prospecting and
ran across the den of a mountain lion,
be went in to see if there were any
whelps, and while in the cave the
mother lion returned and attacked him
from behind. The catamount miscal
culated its first leap and overshot the
mark, allowing Sercoff to turn about
and face it.
Then came a most thrilling encoun
ter. Sercoff managed to get hold of the
Iloo's jaw so that he coul^ not bite and
with his other hand he so twisted the
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fore feet of his adversary that it *uld
not use its claws on him. The two fell
to the ground, and in the process of
rolling over and over Sercoff managed
to get his body between the lion's hind
legs so that they could not do much
damage. Then he began to tear the
animal's throat with his teeth and
finally reached the jugular vein. In the
end he killed it, escaping with nothing
worse than a few painful scratches.
The skin measured eight feet from tip
BXBCOFF TOBE THE BEAST'S THBOAT.
Kxdting "Race of &buo Bicyclist•*
Two cowboys from Grand Junction,
Colo., W. C. Caughman and J. C. Fras:
Entire New Fall Line
Now On Display.
Early, yes! But w# bslieve in
being first. Not only first in Lav
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the finest assortment, and first
in quality, the fit and the style
of the garment shown. Every
style represented. Every kind of
material included. Every shade
and all grades from Skirts at $2.
00 up to Silk Shirts at $20.00
When you've examined them
you'll wonder how we can offer
them foJ tho low prices we do.
They're so fine tailored aDd fin
ished at every point. There is a
set. a style, finish obtainable
only by the best men tailors.
Skirts for the miss of 10 years
and up to the largest sizes. 200
skirts to select from and nearly
every ont a different style,
ller, who are making the trip to Alber
ta, N. W. T., on bicycles, ba?e hat
some exciting experiences during tin
Near Crazy mountains, Montana, they
were riding along the trail about dusk
when, rounding a bend 111 the road,
they almost ran into a bear and her:
cub, wlrtoh were crossing the trail.
Fraslter's wheel almost struck the cub,
which emitted a squeal of fright as It
half tumbled out of the way. The old
bear was slightly In advance of the,
cub and had not heard the silently ap4
When the cub squealed she whirled'
around, with a roar, and made for the
wheelmen. The cow punchers declare
that their hair stood on end with fright,
and they pedaled with all their
strength. Fortunately for them tho
trail they were on was down grade,
and they managed to get several feeti
the start of the old bear. Caughman I
was in the lead, and Fraslier's front
tire was close to his rear one. The old .1
bear was coming with a rush and
•training every muscle, as they were.
They could hear her terrible growllug 5
and the quick padpad of her feet on
the ground as she came on. Frasller I
had a revolver in his pocket, but he
was unable to use It on the wheel. I
There was no use of trying to dismount
and make a fight, for the grizzly was
too close and apparently gaining at !j
every Jump. Their only hope was to
pedal with all their strength.
They said they thought their ©yea
would pop from their beads and their
skulls burst open with the tremendous
pressure of blood. Their knee pockets
pained, and the strain on their arms
was almost unbearable.
Although they were going at fright
ful speed, they said their feet seemed
made of lead, but that terrible' red
mouth, with gleaming, gnashingjfteeth,
spurred them on. Ahead they could sea
that thoi trail took a greater dip, and
their one desire was to reach that point,
and maybe the greater incline would
give them sufficient speed to get away
from the ferocious beast. Caughman
declares they were practically all in
when the dip was .reached, and they
shot over on the greater incline w^Jh a
Their machines' fairly bounded
Continued on Pag* 2.