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VOLUME III NUMBER 58 ST. JOHNSBURY, VT., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1918. PRICE TWO CENTS THE f ING DON I AN TWO GROUPS HAVE LEFT FOR ARMY CAMPS Twenty go lo Camp Dcycns and Twenty-five Have Gone to Camp Upton TWO WILL ENTER CLERICAL WORK And Return to Caledonia County to Help at the ' Request of the Local , and Medical Board!1 The following 21 boys left for morning PVT. FOLSOM WRITES MOTHER IN CONCORD Has Seen Many of the Boys and Is Now Having a Rest Mrs. J. Folsom of East Concord recently received the following let ter from her son, Pvt. Eoss Folsom: France, August 3, 1918 My Dear Mother: Well I can tell you some news that will please you. We are at a rest camp now back away from thefront. We have had quite a pull of trench life and it certainly docs seem good to be back in the rear. I suppose you are wondering a whole lot about me now for the papers must be full of war news now. I am feeling fine now so don't worry about me. Fred King and I are together yet, we have been together ever since we came across. Fred is feeling fine and sends his best regards. You probab ly know Will King was wounded, but it was nothing but what he will come out af it alright. Johnnie Cor coran got a slight wound in the foot also. 1 saw Tracy Ball the other day and he is looking fine. I received a letter from N Harry McD. the other day, and I lost his address, so I don't know where to send his mail to. I am going to try and have my picture taken now and send home. I haven't had any chance to have any taken since last winter until now. I just recejved your letter you wrote July 11 just now and I ani very glad to hear you are all well. They have got a lot of Americans over here now I guess, and are giving us a rest, and I think we deserve it too, don't you? You know as much about the war over there as we do here, and per haps more. I am as careful as can be and I think God must have been with me for the last month for I have had some very narrow escapes, but they say a miss is as good as a mile. Sergt. Millican was wounded about two weeks ago, but - hear he will come out, and we all hope he will for for he is a fine feUow. It has been raining here quite hard today, but I have been under cover so I didn't care. This is quite a country here where we are now, but I think I had just as soon be back in old Vermont. Fred King is . ' i i ji j i t mi. Granger, St. JoHiisbury very ous7 loaay cuiung nair. mere are iwo companies nere ana ne is me only barber in either company, so I think between the two they'll keep him busy for a while. I haven't received the box you sent, but after the mail gets to com ing I think that I will get it alright AIRPLANES TO BE USED AFTER THE WAR Capt. Amundsen's Arctic Expedition Has Taken Three Planes Along FINED $150 FOR BOGUS CHECK WORK NEW COUNTRIES TO BE MAPPED Camp Devens Wednesday to enter the army service: Raymond A. Lewis, St. Johnsbury, Edward M. Massey, St. Johnsbury Center. Perlev F. Taylor, East Hardwick, Lawrence E. Johnson, Danville. Blaine A. Cota, Concord. Roscoe F. Whitman, Lyndonville. Burton M. Lowe, Ryegate. John S. P. Emery, Concord. T)ean McDowell, Sheffield. Eugene G. Emmons, St Johns bury. Robert D. Sleeper, Burke. Eugene N. Plamandon, Est Rye gate. McKoy P. Ford, St. Johnsbury. George K. McDonald, South Rye gate. Ralph S. Dodge, St. Johnsbury. Cecil C. Camber, West Burke. Raymond F. Watson, Sheffield. MeJvin B. Howard, East Haven. Arthur R. French, East Hardwick. Lordon J. D. Douglas, Ryegate. Albert C. Chamberlain, Lyndon ville. On Thursday morning the follow- ing boys left for Camp Upton, N. Y.: Ernest R. Mathers, East Burke. William II. Clark, St. Johnsbury, Earl C. Center. Henry E. Clark, Hardwick. Eric A. Porter, Walden. Ovilla G. Bilodeau, St. Johnsbury. Joseph A. Paradis, St. Johnsbury. Carl A. Sanborn, Lyndonville. Louis A. N. Mooney, St. Johnsbury Center. George W. McCrae,St. Johnsbury. Edward S. Chailand, Lyndonville. Joseph Papino, St. Johnsbury. Lawrence S. Walter, St. Johnsbury Center. Joseph Labrecque, St. Johnsbury. Harry A. Berry, Sutton. Van M. Higgins, Concord. Joseph L. Martell, Ryegate. Sidney A. Shastany, St. Johnsbury. Fred Carter, Sheffield. Clyde I. Moffett,'St. Johnsbury. Gordon Wright, St. Johnsbury. Guy M. Powers, Ryegate. William W. Crown, Peacham. Clarence H. Coburn, Sutton. Birney W. Jerome, St. Johnsbury. The Sea Plane Type Will Probably be Widely Used London, August 20 (Correspond ence of the Associated Press) Air planes will be widely used, after the var, for purposes of exploration and survey, said Harold iBrighouse, of the Royal Geographical Society, to a representative of The Associated Press, commenting on the announce ment that Captain Amundsen's Arc tic expedition, which has just sailed, has taken 4hree airplanes as part of its equipment. "Captain Amundsen will use these airplanes for geographical and me teorological research An the Arctic," said Mr. Brighouse, "and they should prove very useful in this connection. With peace will come a large exten sion of the use of the airplane in ex ploration. "There is no reason why the re motest parts of Africa or the upper waters of the Amazon should remain unmapped. Aerial photography has reached a stage when all that is nec essary for exact map-drawing is a continuous series of air photo graphs. Tracts of Portuguese East Africa, which had never before been charted, were, in fact, mapped by means of the air photography of British aviators. "The undiscovered natural re sources of . new country can be ob served from airplanes. The eye of the observer reveals much; the air camera even now is an excellent guide in indicating the kind of wood growing in a forest, and will be of greater utility still as the develop ment of aerial color photography progresses. "Railway survey through savage lands, which, both in life and money, has been a tremendously , costly pre liminary to construction,.. will,, be- . j v i'j iz nas oeen a year neany since i was sent no financial obstacles whatever, iiuxiiu nasi! ii.; x oiiuuiu tci kaiiiiy Former St., Johnsbury Man Arrested in Bellows Falls Bellows Falls, Sept. 4 A. E. But- terfield of Rutland, formerly of Bel lows Falls, was before the municipal court in Bellows Falls today on the charge of passing worthless checks. He was fined $150 and costs, amounting to about $25, which he is arranging to pay. Butterfield, who is about 25 years old and formerly lived in St. Johns bury, worked in Bellows Falls some time and was married here about "six weeks ago. While working here he drew several checks on the First Na tional bank of St. Johnsbury rang ing from, $2 to $15, which were cashed by different parties. Before he was discovered he married and left town. State's Attorney William R. Daley of Brattleboro had been in search of him for some time, having issued a warrant for his arrest for passing a check for $10 to the Washington Candy company of Bellows Falls. Butterfield bought ice cream and candy to the amount of 85 cents and received $9.15 in change. He was located in Rutland, where it was found that he had passed two more checks of the same nature, but on those Butterfield had aid back the money. After the hearing Butterfield told the court he would make arrange ments to pay the money back to the parties. BAYONET BARS PATERNAL HUG Sumner E. Darling of Hardwick, Walter Wesley of St. Johnsbury will leave for Camp Devens on Monday to enlist for special cler ical work. They will be returned at ' the request of the local and medical boards to the office of the respective boards. like to be there now. I miss my fishing and hunting trips to beat the band. We haven't had much chance to write lately, but we will have more now and I will try and write a little oftener. Now don't worry about me for I am alright. Give my love to all and keep a whole lot for yourself. Ross Folsom. Co. B, 102 M. G. B. SPECIAL GRAND JURY SUMMONED NEW YORK-CHICAGO AERIAL MAIL First Airplane Mail Service between Cities Starts This Morning New York Cty, August 5 Aerial postal sendee between here and Chi cago was inaugurated this morning when Max Miller in a large airplane carrying mail sack left Belmont Park at nine minutes past seven o'clock. RED CROSS MEETING Public Gathering and Committee Meeting Next Week The Red Cross are planning for a big public meeting at the Armory Tuesday night at the Armory many sneakers of prominence from outside the state. On the following Tuesday morning meet the 'various Special Term of Caledonia Court Called for Next Monday A special term of the Caledonia county court is called for Monday, Sept. 9, at which Judge L. P. Slack will preside. A special grand jury has been summoned at 11 o'clock and they will report their findings to the court. The following grand jury men have been summoned: Barnet, Jed H. Goodrich. Burke, F. C. Harvey. Danville, Charles D. Brainerd. Groton, J. W. Morrison. Hardwick, J. B. Hooper. Kirby, J. Edward Wrarren. Lyndon, Roger B. Ladd. Newark, Silas H. Graves. Peacham, Leonard Welch. Ryegate, John D. McAllister. St. Johnsbury, Robert Mackinnon, W. A. Ricker. Sheffield, W. J. Smith. Stannard, D. H. Smith. Sutton, A. F. Stoddard. Walden, Harry Rodgers. Waterford, Edward P. Lee. Wheelock, G. R. Dresser. to a survey which uses, aerial pho tography. "Not only can the course of rivers be traced, but their navigable chan nels can be ascertained, and the combined discovery made of valuable natural products together with the best means of transporting them by river. Water, then as now, will prob ably be the' explorer's chief guide and his machine is more likely to be ot the seaplane type, with floats. than the airplane type, with wheels. He will fly high, and should he have to make a forced landing, will steer for lake and river rather than for the rare open spaces 'of a tropical crest; "For the air explorer, the romance of flying will persist; the value of the work hn will do is obvious; and there are many pilots in the allied armies today who will find in aerial exploration play for the typically British spirit of adventure. "In the future of aviation there is elbow room for all, the sportsman pilot will find in exploration by air an enterprise made to his taste." Boy Holds His German Father Back at Bayonet Point With the American armies in Fiance, Sept. 4 (Copyright cable in New York Herald) -There is a remarkable story that has been told here a thousand times that concerns a German soldier, fighting in the German army on this part of the front, who was captured by his son, an American soldier. While a high officer assures me the story is true, I have been unable to verify it, be cause the American soldier concern ed still is on the fighting line. He wa,s marching behind four prisoners, who were carrying a litter. When they stopped to rest one of the prisoners turned, looked at the American soldier and recognized his son. Then he made a dash for the American to take him in his arms and embrace him. What did the son do? . I He brought his rifle, with bayonet Equivalent to 12c an Hour Raise and fixed, into position, warding off the Aggregate will be $150,000,000 advancing father. MILLION R. R. MEN GET BIG RAISE Annually "Washington, Sept. 5 Nearly 1, 000,000 railroad employees including all clerks, track laborers and way maintenance" men. are to receive a "Son?" he asked. "Yes, but you are a Boche and you will obey disci pline. I am fighting for America," replied the boy. Forty-one per cent of the unit to which this American soldier belongs I. I Also 100 Guns Taken in Past Four Days German Re treat Continued Last Night Were Pushed by French British Gain in Flanders L- AMERICANS CARRY OUT SUCCESSFUL v AIR RAIDS WITH DIRECT HITS All American Bombing Planes Return Smash Railroad Yards, Round Horses and Bridges Make Direct Hits on Two Towns T"."'".? , uliul"is of German ancestry. Many have v. wjr . jreiatives m the German army. v- ' Li lJti,J 1 1 1 . ictcivcu let.-l oa.il uary, under wage order issued today by Director-General McAdoo. The order affects half the railroad i Nine Orleans men in tne united states and repre sents the second largest aggregate wage increase granted in American industrial history. OFF FOR CAMP UPTON KEYES LEADS IN STATE GRANITE HAVE BOMB CULPRIT IS THE BELIEF Roundup of 20 in Chicago After Bomb Explosion Last Night Present Governor Ahead in Republi can Primary Contest Concord, N. H., Sept. 3 Gov. Henry W. Keyes was leading in the triangular contest,, for the republican nomination for United States sena tor on the face of the returns from more than half the state in today's primaries, nor tne democratic nom ination for the successor to Senator Henry F. Hollis, the same returns gave former Congressman Eueene iii. Keed a lead over Albert W. Noone, a manufacturer of Peter borough. TO USE NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING FREELY Liberty Loan Drive to be Preceeded by .Great Publicity Campaign The Liberty Loan Committee of New England has announced that newspaper advertising was found to be such a powerful agency in selling bonds of the last issue, wherever it was resorted to, that it will be used even more extensively in this district in the fourth loan drive, beginning Sept. 28. The committee believes that news paper advertising "will be found equally beneficial in all communities. It also states that owing to the en forced reduction in the size of news papers by Government order and other reasons, it is not just to expect newspapers to contribute the neces sary space to make the campaign successful. It, therefore, appeals to firms and corporations to cooperate with the newspapers in booming sales. The committee declares the organ ization for the "next campaign will be more efficient than ever, that the industrial committee will be more widespread and that every large em ployer of labor will be asked to ap point a manager in behalf of the loan to organize the employes for a 100 percent subscription. Industrial honor flags will be given for every 75 percent subscription. Honor emblems and rolls containing names of subscribers with the amount subscribed will be displayed. Every subscriber will receive an honor em blem and button. County Boys Thursday Morning Left (Special to the Caledonian) Newport, Sept. 5 The following boys from Orleans county left this morning for Camp Upton, N. Y., in response to the last call: Elwood F. Rash, Barton. Harry E. Edwards, Orleans. Leon C. Willson, Rochester, N. H. William J. Miller, West Glover. ' Celer G. Cochie, Greensboro Bend. Heyland E. Sherlaw, Lyndonville. James E. Spaulding,' West Charles ton. Carlton Wr. Stratton, Craftsbury. Arthur W. Hildreth, Lyndonville. COMMUNITY LABOR BOARDS 4U will tile aucanvio wux in- u uiu vuj.ivuoi committees from the branches in Chicago, 111., September 5 In the this section of the state for a general ' score of persons rounded up last conference. Among the topics to be discussed will be production, the changing requirements and how the Red Cross can best meet them; civil- night in connection with the Federal building bomb outrage, "the Depart ment of Justice agents believe they have either the culprit or one who ian relief, the necessary home service! has information which will lead to organization for the growing army and the after-care of the returned disabled soldier; woman's work, sur gical dressing, hospital garments, re fugee garments, reclamation and con servation; chapter finances, new methods and a war fund. It is therefore essential that where ver possible the chairman, director of civilian relief, director of produc tion and women's work, treasurer and any other especially interested at . tend at least one of these conferen . '. ces. his arrest. The explosion of the bomb took place just after three o'clock yester day afternoon, killing four persons and injuring 80 others in the crowd ed entrance to the building. The explosion, which not only wrecked the entrance of the build ing, but shattered every window on the first three floors of two buildings across the street, was attributed to the I. W. W. by Philip J. Barry, in charge of the local offices of the de partment of justice. BAND CONCERT Organized in a Thousand Industrial Centers in 43 States , Washington, Sept. 5 Community labor boards, which are charged with general supervision over the recruit ing and distribution of workers for war production have been organized in approximately 1000 industrial cen ters in 43 states and the district of Columbia. Five states, including. Ver mont, have not yet reported. ASKED TO WAIT ORLEANS COUNTY PRIMARY TICKET urogram ot lcnight's Concert at Court House Square At the band concert at Court House Square tonight the following attractive program will be given: America March "International Peace" " Karl King Waltz "Desdemona" K. L. King Medley "Remick's Hits" arr. by J. Bodewalt Lampe Duet for Cornet and Trombone -"Kismet" W. H. Thomas R. D. Merrill and H. H. Moore One-Step "Long Boy" Heschell and Wralker March "Independentia" R. B. Hall Fox-trot "Ghost of the Ukele" Brockman & Smith "American Patrol" Meacham March "The Kilties" S. E. Mouies Star Spangled Banner Republicans Have a Contest for Can didate for State's Attorney (Special to the Caledonian) Newport, Sept. 5 The republican and democratic candidates for the primaries Tuesday are as follows: Republican candidates: County Senator, Charles E. Hamblett, Bar ton; County Senator, H. H. Lewis, Tioy; Assistant Judge, Wallace D. Miller, Troy; Assistant Judge, Frank British Will Send Gifts to American Soldiers London, Sept. 5 Owing to the dif ficulties of supply and transportation, the jmerican -miiftary Authorities have requested the new British com mittee, which was organized to send parcels and gifts to the American soldiers at the front, not to begin their distribution of food and ordin ary articles of wearing apparel at the present time. The British committee has there fore decided to postpone the sending of such parcels until these restrictions are removed. . J Paris The Germans retreat before the French north-. east of Noyon continued during the night, the war office' announces. The French kept in touch with the enemy I'ear guards and pushed after the retreating foe east of the canal Dunord. Advancing north of the Vesle the, French and Ameri cans have reached the crest of the ridge dominating the Aisne in the Nesle river region. The French have also crossed the Somme canal near Yoyennes and OfTrey. London Marked progress was made by the British last night along the Flanders front, according to war re ports. On Lys front t-he British Hold a general line, from Voormezeele to Nieppeon. On the battle line in front of Cambria an improvement in the British position has been made. ' , Over 16,000 prisoners and 100 guns have been taken by the British in the past four days. With Americans in Lorraine American bombing machines in their attack on Conflans and Loguyon yes terday were successful. Many direct hits were observed on railroad yards, round houses and bridges. All our planes returned" yj; . A corner of the great battle toward which all eyes are turned is the sector where the 10th French army, under Gen. Mangin, is making a systematic and well planned effort to bore its way to the rear of the German position further east of the Vesle and the Aisne. The French military science is all for outflanking tactics, as against a frontal assault so costly in human lives. American troops are holding the enemy on the Vesle. The line there swings back and forth from one side to the other of the river. Those changes of a kilometer or two have no significance. It is in the neighborhood of Juvigny, on the flank ot the German salient, that it will be decided whether the Germans can retire from the area north of that strong position. . , " ": Gen. March announces the arrival AUTO ACCIDENT I at Vladivostok of Maj. Gen. Graves AT BRADFORD and stalt' who wil1 command the Americans fighting on the new east ern front. Gen. Graves took 43 of ficers and 1400 men who will join the regiments from the Philippines already on the ground. Gen. Marsh said the total embarkation for all fronts including the Siberian cam paign, was 1,600,000. EXEMPTION CLAIMS Much Broader Grounds in New Draft Regulations V ashington, September 4 Much t broader grounds for establishment of claims for exemption from mili tary service are provided in the new( regulations now. being worked out by govern the new registrants. Any man who is unable to appear for registration may send someone else to the draft board and where the board is satisfied the case is bona Colby Stoddard, Barton States At-;,fiJe' he representative will be dep- torney, Frank D. Thompson, Barton; L Sheriff, Everett J. Hill, Newport registrar s report, City; Judge of Probate, E. J. Smith, Newport City. The! democratic candidates are: County Senator, Thomas Gallagher, Craftsbury; . County Senator, Henry S. ,Root, Newport; Assistant Judge, Edward H. Lothrop, Barton; As sistant Judge, William F. Pike, Der by; State's . Attorney, Henry W. Bernard, Newport City; Sheriff, Frank P. Miller, Newport Town; Judge of Probate, James F. Wright, Barton; High Bailiff, John Mulcahy, Newport City. WEATHER Rain and cooler tonight. Fair and cooler Friday. utized to make out the card and the The word "sick" will be written on the card, which, on being delivered to the registrant, must be mailed or taken to the local board having jurisdiction. OUR CONSUL FLEES RUSSIA Special Train Bearing Consul Haynes; and Others Leaves Russia Washington, Sept. ' 5 American consuls, members of Allied missions, and civilian refugees who recently left Russia on a special train, have crossed safely into. Finland and should have arrived yesterday at Haparanda. This word came today from Consul Haynes at Helinsfords 'under date of Tuesday. Five Persons Injured, Auto Com pletely Demolished, Two Teams Smashed Up Wells River, Sept. 4 A car driven by JWilson Beattie of Woodsville, N. H., and hired for the occasion, was in an automobile accident about one mile below Bradford village about 11 p. m. Monday, while the occupants, Miss Anna Northrop, superintendent of the hospital in Woodsville until September 1, Mrs. B. Gunn, a trained nurse who was caring for Karl Hutchins in this town, Mrs. Kate Lee, "Mrs. M. L. Buck and Miss Ame lia Jahn, all of this town, were re turning from Lake Morey. The car hit a team which was with out lights, the outfit being smashed and the team running away. Another team in front of the first one also was smashed, but the occupants of neither carriage were badly injured, The automobile, which was ' owned and driven by Mr. Beattie, was com pletely demolished, and. only the fact that the top was up saved the party from being killed. Miss Northrop, who was to have gone to New York city on the night mail train to sail for France as a Red Cross nurse, had her clothes torn off, Mrs. Gunn had a deep cut across her forehead, Miss A. Jahn received a cut on the head, which required several stitches, Mrs. Kate Lee was hurt about the chest, and Mrs. Buck was shaken up, but not severely. THE CASUALTY LIST No Vermonters Among the : Casualties ,t " Washington, Sept. 5 The follow ing casualties are reported by the Commanding General of the Ameri can Expeditionary Forces: Killed in action. Missing in action Wounded severely Died from accident and other causes Died of wounds Wounded, degree undetermined Prisoner Died from aeroplane accident 91 69 150 13 11 32 1 Total 370 DOLLAR POWER SHRINKS- MADE IN DENMARK Typewriters Manufactured Danish Capital at the Washington, Sept. 5 Typewriters, said to be of much simpler construc tion than American-made machines, are being manufactured at Copenha gen by a new Danish company. Be cause no American machines are now imported and few are sent from other countries, the company 'finds a ready market for the 100 to 150 machines it produces monthly. Comparison of Food Prices in Large Cities Five Years Ago and Now Comparison of food prices prevail ing now with those of five years ago. shows that the purchasing power of a dollar bill has shrunk to 54 cent3 in Washington and - Baltimore, , 57 cents in Philadelphia, 59 cents in New York and Chicago and 63 cents in San Francisco, according to a statement by the department of la bor. Food which could be bought for $1 in July, 1913, now costs $1.85' in Washington, $1.84 in Baltimore, $1.71 in Philadelphia, $1.68 in New York, $1.69 in Chicago and $1.58 in . San Francisco. From July, 1917, to July, 1918, food prices advanced 22 per cent in San Francisco, 20 per cent in Wash ington and Philadelphia, 20 per cent in Baltimore, 17 per cent in New York and 11 per cent fn Chicago.