E VE I
VOLUME III NUMBER 58
ST. JOHNSBURY, VT., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
DON I AN
FOR ARMY CAMPS
Twenty go lo Camp Dcycns
and Twenty-five Have
Gone to Camp
TWO WILL ENTER
And Return to Caledonia
County to Help at the
' Request of the Local ,
The following 21 boys
PVT. FOLSOM WRITES
MOTHER IN CONCORD
Has Seen Many of the Boys and Is
Now Having a Rest
Mrs. J. Folsom of East Concord
recently received the following let
ter from her son, Pvt. Eoss Folsom:
August 3, 1918
My Dear Mother:
Well I can tell you some news that
will please you. We are at a rest
camp now back away from thefront.
We have had quite a pull of trench
life and it certainly docs seem good
to be back in the rear. I suppose
you are wondering a whole lot about
me now for the papers must be full
of war news now. I am feeling fine
now so don't worry about me. Fred
King and I are together yet, we have
been together ever since we came
across. Fred is feeling fine and
sends his best regards. You probab
ly know Will King was wounded,
but it was nothing but what he will
come out af it alright. Johnnie Cor
coran got a slight wound in the foot
1 saw Tracy Ball the other day
and he is looking fine. I received a
letter from N Harry McD. the other
day, and I lost his address, so I
don't know where to send his mail
I am going to try and have my
picture taken now and send home. I
haven't had any chance to have any
taken since last winter until now.
I just recejved your letter you wrote
July 11 just now and I ani very glad
to hear you are all well. They have
got a lot of Americans over here now
I guess, and are giving us a rest,
and I think we deserve it too, don't
You know as much about the war
over there as we do here, and per
haps more. I am as careful as can
be and I think God must have been
with me for the last month for I
have had some very narrow escapes,
but they say a miss is as good as
a mile. Sergt. Millican was wounded
about two weeks ago, but - hear he
will come out, and we all hope he
will for for he is a fine feUow.
It has been raining here quite
hard today, but I have been under
cover so I didn't care. This is quite
a country here where we are now,
but I think I had just as soon be
back in old Vermont. Fred King is
. ' i i ji j i t mi.
Granger, St. JoHiisbury very ous7 loaay cuiung nair. mere
are iwo companies nere ana ne is me
only barber in either company, so
I think between the two they'll keep
him busy for a while.
I haven't received the box you
sent, but after the mail gets to com
ing I think that I will get it alright
TO BE USED
AFTER THE WAR
Capt. Amundsen's Arctic
Expedition Has Taken
Three Planes Along
FINED $150 FOR
BOGUS CHECK WORK
TO BE MAPPED
Camp Devens Wednesday
to enter the army service:
Raymond A. Lewis, St. Johnsbury,
Edward M. Massey, St. Johnsbury
Perlev F. Taylor, East Hardwick,
Lawrence E. Johnson, Danville.
Blaine A. Cota, Concord.
Roscoe F. Whitman, Lyndonville.
Burton M. Lowe, Ryegate.
John S. P. Emery, Concord.
T)ean McDowell, Sheffield.
Eugene G. Emmons, St Johns
bury. Robert D. Sleeper, Burke.
Eugene N. Plamandon, Est Rye
gate. McKoy P. Ford, St. Johnsbury.
George K. McDonald, South Rye
gate. Ralph S. Dodge, St. Johnsbury.
Cecil C. Camber, West Burke.
Raymond F. Watson, Sheffield.
MeJvin B. Howard, East Haven.
Arthur R. French, East Hardwick.
Lordon J. D. Douglas, Ryegate.
Albert C. Chamberlain, Lyndon
ville. On Thursday morning the follow-
ing boys left for Camp Upton, N.
Ernest R. Mathers, East Burke.
William II. Clark, St. Johnsbury,
Henry E. Clark, Hardwick.
Eric A. Porter, Walden.
Ovilla G. Bilodeau, St. Johnsbury.
Joseph A. Paradis, St. Johnsbury.
Carl A. Sanborn, Lyndonville.
Louis A. N. Mooney, St. Johnsbury
George W. McCrae,St. Johnsbury.
Edward S. Chailand, Lyndonville.
Joseph Papino, St. Johnsbury.
Lawrence S. Walter, St. Johnsbury
Joseph Labrecque, St. Johnsbury.
Harry A. Berry, Sutton.
Van M. Higgins, Concord.
Joseph L. Martell, Ryegate.
Sidney A. Shastany, St. Johnsbury.
Fred Carter, Sheffield.
Clyde I. Moffett,'St. Johnsbury.
Gordon Wright, St. Johnsbury.
Guy M. Powers, Ryegate.
William W. Crown, Peacham.
Clarence H. Coburn, Sutton.
Birney W. Jerome, St. Johnsbury.
The Sea Plane Type Will
Probably be Widely
London, August 20 (Correspond
ence of the Associated Press) Air
planes will be widely used, after the
var, for purposes of exploration and
survey, said Harold iBrighouse, of
the Royal Geographical Society, to a
representative of The Associated
Press, commenting on the announce
ment that Captain Amundsen's Arc
tic expedition, which has just sailed,
has taken 4hree airplanes as part of
"Captain Amundsen will use these
airplanes for geographical and me
teorological research An the Arctic,"
said Mr. Brighouse, "and they should
prove very useful in this connection.
With peace will come a large exten
sion of the use of the airplane in ex
ploration. "There is no reason why the re
motest parts of Africa or the upper
waters of the Amazon should remain
unmapped. Aerial photography has
reached a stage when all that is nec
essary for exact map-drawing is a
continuous series of air photo
graphs. Tracts of Portuguese East
Africa, which had never before been
charted, were, in fact, mapped by
means of the air photography of
"The undiscovered natural re
sources of . new country can be ob
served from airplanes. The eye of
the observer reveals much; the air
camera even now is an excellent
guide in indicating the kind of wood
growing in a forest, and will be of
greater utility still as the develop
ment of aerial color photography
"Railway survey through savage
lands, which, both in life and money,
has been a tremendously , costly pre
liminary to construction,.. will,, be-
. j v i'j
iz nas oeen a year neany since i was sent no financial obstacles whatever,
iiuxiiu nasi! ii.; x oiiuuiu tci kaiiiiy
Former St., Johnsbury Man Arrested
in Bellows Falls
Bellows Falls, Sept. 4 A. E. But-
terfield of Rutland, formerly of Bel
lows Falls, was before the municipal
court in Bellows Falls today on the
charge of passing worthless checks.
He was fined $150 and costs,
amounting to about $25, which he is
arranging to pay.
Butterfield, who is about 25 years
old and formerly lived in St. Johns
bury, worked in Bellows Falls some
time and was married here about "six
weeks ago. While working here he
drew several checks on the First Na
tional bank of St. Johnsbury rang
ing from, $2 to $15, which were
cashed by different parties. Before
he was discovered he married and
State's Attorney William R. Daley
of Brattleboro had been in search of
him for some time, having issued a
warrant for his arrest for passing a
check for $10 to the Washington
Candy company of Bellows Falls.
Butterfield bought ice cream and
candy to the amount of 85 cents and
received $9.15 in change. He was
located in Rutland, where it was
found that he had passed two more
checks of the same nature, but on
those Butterfield had aid back the
After the hearing Butterfield told
the court he would make arrange
ments to pay the money back to the
Sumner E. Darling of Hardwick,
Walter Wesley of St. Johnsbury
will leave for Camp Devens on
Monday to enlist for special cler
ical work. They will be returned at
' the request of the local and medical
boards to the office of the respective
like to be there now. I miss my
fishing and hunting trips to beat the
band. We haven't had much chance
to write lately, but we will have more
now and I will try and write a little
Now don't worry about me for I
am alright. Give my love to all and
keep a whole lot for yourself.
Co. B, 102 M. G. B.
First Airplane Mail Service between
Cities Starts This Morning
New York Cty, August 5 Aerial
postal sendee between here and Chi
cago was inaugurated this morning
when Max Miller in a large airplane
carrying mail sack left Belmont
Park at nine minutes past seven
RED CROSS MEETING
Gathering and Committee
Meeting Next Week
The Red Cross are planning for a
big public meeting at the Armory
Tuesday night at the Armory
many sneakers of prominence from
outside the state.
On the following Tuesday morning
meet the 'various
Special Term of Caledonia Court
Called for Next Monday
A special term of the Caledonia
county court is called for Monday,
Sept. 9, at which Judge L. P. Slack
will preside. A special grand jury
has been summoned at 11 o'clock
and they will report their findings to
the court. The following grand jury
men have been summoned:
Barnet, Jed H. Goodrich.
Burke, F. C. Harvey.
Danville, Charles D. Brainerd.
Groton, J. W. Morrison.
Hardwick, J. B. Hooper.
Kirby, J. Edward Wrarren.
Lyndon, Roger B. Ladd.
Newark, Silas H. Graves.
Peacham, Leonard Welch.
Ryegate, John D. McAllister.
St. Johnsbury, Robert Mackinnon,
W. A. Ricker.
Sheffield, W. J. Smith.
Stannard, D. H. Smith.
Sutton, A. F. Stoddard.
Walden, Harry Rodgers.
Waterford, Edward P. Lee.
Wheelock, G. R. Dresser.
to a survey which uses, aerial pho
"Not only can the course of rivers
be traced, but their navigable chan
nels can be ascertained, and the
combined discovery made of valuable
natural products together with the
best means of transporting them by
Water, then as now, will prob
ably be the' explorer's chief guide
and his machine is more likely to be
ot the seaplane type, with floats.
than the airplane type, with wheels.
He will fly high, and should he have
to make a forced landing, will steer
for lake and river rather than for
the rare open spaces 'of a tropical
"For the air explorer, the romance
of flying will persist; the value of
the work hn will do is obvious; and
there are many pilots in the allied
armies today who will find in aerial
exploration play for the typically
British spirit of adventure.
"In the future of aviation there is
elbow room for all, the sportsman
pilot will find in exploration by air
an enterprise made to his taste."
Boy Holds His German Father Back
at Bayonet Point
With the American armies in
Fiance, Sept. 4 (Copyright cable
in New York Herald) -There is a
remarkable story that has been told
here a thousand times that concerns
a German soldier, fighting in the
German army on this part of the
front, who was captured by his son,
an American soldier. While a high
officer assures me the story is true,
I have been unable to verify it, be
cause the American soldier concern
ed still is on the fighting line.
He wa,s marching behind four
prisoners, who were carrying a litter.
When they stopped to rest one of
the prisoners turned, looked at the
American soldier and recognized his
Then he made a dash for the
American to take him in his arms
and embrace him. What did the
. I He brought his rifle, with bayonet
Equivalent to 12c an Hour Raise and fixed, into position, warding off the
Aggregate will be $150,000,000 advancing father.
MILLION R. R. MEN
GET BIG RAISE
"Washington, Sept. 5 Nearly 1,
000,000 railroad employees including
all clerks, track laborers and way
maintenance" men. are to receive a
"Son?" he asked. "Yes, but you
are a Boche and you will obey disci
pline. I am fighting for America,"
replied the boy.
Forty-one per cent of the unit to
which this American soldier belongs
Also 100 Guns Taken in Past Four Days German Re
treat Continued Last Night Were Pushed by
French British Gain in Flanders
AMERICANS CARRY OUT SUCCESSFUL v
AIR RAIDS WITH DIRECT HITS
All American Bombing Planes Return Smash Railroad
Yards, Round Horses and Bridges Make Direct
Hits on Two Towns
T"."'".? , uliul"is of German ancestry. Many have
v. wjr . jreiatives m the German army.
v- ' Li lJti,J 1 1 1 . ictcivcu let.-l oa.il
uary, under wage order issued today
by Director-General McAdoo.
The order affects half the railroad i Nine Orleans
men in tne united states and repre
sents the second largest aggregate
wage increase granted in American
OFF FOR CAMP UPTON
HAVE BOMB CULPRIT
IS THE BELIEF
Roundup of 20 in Chicago After
Bomb Explosion Last Night
Present Governor Ahead in Republi
can Primary Contest
Concord, N. H., Sept. 3 Gov.
Henry W. Keyes was leading in the
triangular contest,, for the republican
nomination for United States sena
tor on the face of the returns from
more than half the state in today's
primaries, nor tne democratic nom
ination for the successor to Senator
Henry F. Hollis, the same returns
gave former Congressman Eueene
iii. Keed a lead over Albert W.
Noone, a manufacturer of Peter
TO USE NEWSPAPER
Liberty Loan Drive to be Preceeded
by .Great Publicity Campaign
The Liberty Loan Committee of
New England has announced that
newspaper advertising was found to
be such a powerful agency in selling
bonds of the last issue, wherever it
was resorted to, that it will be used
even more extensively in this district
in the fourth loan drive, beginning
The committee believes that news
paper advertising "will be found
equally beneficial in all communities.
It also states that owing to the en
forced reduction in the size of news
papers by Government order and
other reasons, it is not just to expect
newspapers to contribute the neces
sary space to make the campaign
successful. It, therefore, appeals to
firms and corporations to cooperate
with the newspapers in booming
The committee declares the organ
ization for the "next campaign will
be more efficient than ever, that the
industrial committee will be more
widespread and that every large em
ployer of labor will be asked to ap
point a manager in behalf of the
loan to organize the employes for a
100 percent subscription.
Industrial honor flags will be given
for every 75 percent subscription.
Honor emblems and rolls containing
names of subscribers with the amount
subscribed will be displayed. Every
subscriber will receive an honor em
blem and button.
(Special to the Caledonian)
Newport, Sept. 5 The following
boys from Orleans county left this
morning for Camp Upton, N. Y., in
response to the last call:
Elwood F. Rash, Barton.
Harry E. Edwards, Orleans.
Leon C. Willson, Rochester, N. H.
William J. Miller, West Glover.
' Celer G. Cochie, Greensboro Bend.
Heyland E. Sherlaw, Lyndonville.
James E. Spaulding,' West Charles
ton. Carlton Wr. Stratton, Craftsbury.
Arthur W. Hildreth, Lyndonville.
COMMUNITY LABOR BOARDS
tile aucanvio wux in- u uiu vuj.ivuoi
committees from the branches in Chicago, 111., September 5 In the
this section of the state for a general ' score of persons rounded up last
conference. Among the topics to be
discussed will be production, the
changing requirements and how the
Red Cross can best meet them; civil-
night in connection with the Federal
building bomb outrage, "the Depart
ment of Justice agents believe they
have either the culprit or one who
ian relief, the necessary home service! has information which will lead to
organization for the growing army
and the after-care of the returned
disabled soldier; woman's work, sur
gical dressing, hospital garments, re
fugee garments, reclamation and con
servation; chapter finances, new
methods and a war fund.
It is therefore essential that where
ver possible the chairman, director of
civilian relief, director of produc
tion and women's work, treasurer and
any other especially interested at
. tend at least one of these conferen
. '. ces.
The explosion of the bomb took
place just after three o'clock yester
day afternoon, killing four persons
and injuring 80 others in the crowd
ed entrance to the building.
The explosion, which not only
wrecked the entrance of the build
ing, but shattered every window on
the first three floors of two buildings
across the street, was attributed to
the I. W. W. by Philip J. Barry, in
charge of the local offices of the de
partment of justice.
Organized in a Thousand Industrial
Centers in 43 States
, Washington, Sept. 5 Community
labor boards, which are charged with
general supervision over the recruit
ing and distribution of workers for
war production have been organized
in approximately 1000 industrial cen
ters in 43 states and the district of
Columbia. Five states, including. Ver
mont, have not yet reported.
ASKED TO WAIT
urogram ot lcnight's Concert at
Court House Square
At the band concert at Court
House Square tonight the following
attractive program will be given:
March "International Peace"
" Karl King
Waltz "Desdemona" K. L. King
Medley "Remick's Hits"
arr. by J. Bodewalt Lampe
Duet for Cornet and Trombone -"Kismet"
W. H. Thomas
R. D. Merrill and H. H. Moore
One-Step "Long Boy"
Heschell and Wralker
March "Independentia" R. B. Hall
Fox-trot "Ghost of the Ukele"
Brockman & Smith
"American Patrol" Meacham
March "The Kilties" S. E. Mouies
Star Spangled Banner
Republicans Have a Contest for Can
didate for State's Attorney
(Special to the Caledonian)
Newport, Sept. 5 The republican
and democratic candidates for the
primaries Tuesday are as follows:
Republican candidates: County
Senator, Charles E. Hamblett, Bar
ton; County Senator, H. H. Lewis,
Tioy; Assistant Judge, Wallace D.
Miller, Troy; Assistant Judge, Frank
British Will Send Gifts to American
London, Sept. 5 Owing to the dif
ficulties of supply and transportation,
the jmerican -miiftary Authorities
have requested the new British com
mittee, which was organized to send
parcels and gifts to the American
soldiers at the front, not to begin
their distribution of food and ordin
ary articles of wearing apparel at the
The British committee has there
fore decided to postpone the sending
of such parcels until these restrictions
are removed. . J
Paris The Germans retreat before the French north-.
east of Noyon continued during the night, the war office'
announces. The French kept in touch with the enemy
I'ear guards and pushed after the retreating foe east of
the canal Dunord.
Advancing north of the Vesle the, French and Ameri
cans have reached the crest of the ridge dominating the
Aisne in the Nesle river region.
The French have also crossed the Somme canal near
Yoyennes and OfTrey.
London Marked progress was made by the British
last night along the Flanders front, according to war re
ports. On Lys front t-he British Hold a general line, from
Voormezeele to Nieppeon. On the battle line in front of
Cambria an improvement in the British position has been
made. ' ,
Over 16,000 prisoners and 100 guns have been taken
by the British in the past four days.
With Americans in Lorraine American bombing
machines in their attack on Conflans and Loguyon yes
terday were successful.
Many direct hits were observed on railroad yards,
round houses and bridges. All our planes returned" yj;
. A corner of the great battle toward which all eyes
are turned is the sector where the 10th French army,
under Gen. Mangin, is making a systematic and well
planned effort to bore its way to the rear of the German
position further east of the Vesle and the Aisne. The
French military science is all for outflanking tactics, as
against a frontal assault so costly in human lives.
American troops are holding the enemy on the Vesle.
The line there swings back and forth from one side to
the other of the river. Those changes of a kilometer or
two have no significance. It is in the neighborhood of
Juvigny, on the flank ot the German salient, that it will
be decided whether the Germans can retire from the area
north of that strong position. . ,
" ": Gen. March announces the arrival
AUTO ACCIDENT I at Vladivostok of Maj. Gen. Graves
AT BRADFORD and stalt' who wil1 command the
Americans fighting on the new east
ern front. Gen. Graves took 43 of
ficers and 1400 men who will join
the regiments from the Philippines
already on the ground. Gen. Marsh
said the total embarkation for all
fronts including the Siberian cam
paign, was 1,600,000.
Much Broader Grounds in New Draft
V ashington, September 4 Much
t broader grounds for establishment
of claims for exemption from mili
tary service are provided in the new(
regulations now. being worked out by
govern the new registrants.
Any man who is unable to appear
for registration may send someone
else to the draft board and where
the board is satisfied the case is bona
Colby Stoddard, Barton States At-;,fiJe' he representative will be dep-
torney, Frank D. Thompson, Barton; L
Sheriff, Everett J. Hill, Newport registrar s report,
City; Judge of Probate, E. J. Smith,
The! democratic candidates are:
County Senator, Thomas Gallagher,
Craftsbury; . County Senator, Henry
S. ,Root, Newport; Assistant Judge,
Edward H. Lothrop, Barton; As
sistant Judge, William F. Pike, Der
by; State's . Attorney, Henry W.
Bernard, Newport City; Sheriff,
Frank P. Miller, Newport Town;
Judge of Probate, James F. Wright,
Barton; High Bailiff, John Mulcahy,
Rain and cooler tonight. Fair and
utized to make out the card and the
The word "sick"
will be written on the card, which,
on being delivered to the registrant,
must be mailed or taken to the local
board having jurisdiction.
OUR CONSUL FLEES RUSSIA
Special Train Bearing Consul Haynes;
and Others Leaves Russia
Washington, Sept. ' 5 American
consuls, members of Allied missions,
and civilian refugees who recently
left Russia on a special train, have
crossed safely into. Finland and
should have arrived yesterday at
Haparanda. This word came today
from Consul Haynes at Helinsfords
'under date of Tuesday.
Five Persons Injured, Auto Com
pletely Demolished, Two Teams
Wells River, Sept. 4 A car driven
by JWilson Beattie of Woodsville, N.
H., and hired for the occasion, was
in an automobile accident about one
mile below Bradford village about 11
p. m. Monday, while the occupants,
Miss Anna Northrop, superintendent
of the hospital in Woodsville until
September 1, Mrs. B. Gunn, a trained
nurse who was caring for Karl
Hutchins in this town, Mrs. Kate
Lee, "Mrs. M. L. Buck and Miss Ame
lia Jahn, all of this town, were re
turning from Lake Morey.
The car hit a team which was with
out lights, the outfit being smashed
and the team running away. Another
team in front of the first one also
was smashed, but the occupants of
neither carriage were badly injured,
The automobile, which was ' owned
and driven by Mr. Beattie, was com
pletely demolished, and. only the fact
that the top was up saved the party
from being killed.
Miss Northrop, who was to have
gone to New York city on the night
mail train to sail for France as a
Red Cross nurse, had her clothes torn
off, Mrs. Gunn had a deep cut across
her forehead, Miss A. Jahn received
a cut on the head, which required
several stitches, Mrs. Kate Lee was
hurt about the chest, and Mrs. Buck
was shaken up, but not severely.
THE CASUALTY LIST
No Vermonters Among the :
Casualties ,t "
Washington, Sept. 5 The follow
ing casualties are reported by the
Commanding General of the Ameri
can Expeditionary Forces:
Killed in action.
Missing in action
Died from accident and other
Died of wounds
Wounded, degree undetermined
Died from aeroplane accident
DOLLAR POWER SHRINKS-
MADE IN DENMARK
Washington, Sept. 5 Typewriters,
said to be of much simpler construc
tion than American-made machines,
are being manufactured at Copenha
gen by a new Danish company. Be
cause no American machines are now
imported and few are sent from
other countries, the company 'finds
a ready market for the 100 to 150
machines it produces monthly.
Comparison of Food Prices in Large
Cities Five Years Ago and Now
Comparison of food prices prevail
ing now with those of five years ago.
shows that the purchasing power of
a dollar bill has shrunk to 54 cent3
in Washington and - Baltimore, , 57
cents in Philadelphia, 59 cents in
New York and Chicago and 63 cents
in San Francisco, according to a
statement by the department of la
bor. Food which could be bought for $1
in July, 1913, now costs $1.85' in
Washington, $1.84 in Baltimore, $1.71
in Philadelphia, $1.68 in New York,
$1.69 in Chicago and $1.58 in . San
From July, 1917, to July, 1918,
food prices advanced 22 per cent in
San Francisco, 20 per cent in Wash
ington and Philadelphia, 20 per cent
in Baltimore, 17 per cent in New
York and 11 per cent fn Chicago.
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