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The evening Caledonian. [volume] (St. Johnsbury, Vt.) 1918-1920, September 26, 1918, Image 1

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ALEDON
1
NUMBER 76
ST. JOHNSBURY, VT., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
1 JnLidj
UJJ Y ALU JL"M LL
FORCED IN
ST. JOHNSBURY
Local Board of Ilealtji
Closes Schools, Churches
and Movies
EFFECTIVE UNTIL
FURTHER NOTICE
Children Must Stay
Home While Order is
in Force r .
at
All churches, schools, theatres,
moving picture shows, dance halls,
places of amusement, pool rooms',
bowling alleys, and public gatherings
in the town of St. Johnsbury arc
hereby ordered closed until further
notice.
All children under 10 years of age
must remain at home.
All cases must be reported as soon
as possible either by the doctor or
heads of families.
Salt and water should be used for
the throat as a gargle and for the
nose.
Local Board of Health,
By Fred SHarriman
The State Board , of Health -have
issued the following bulletin relative
to. the Spanish influemta:
jocsent indications are that with
in"ri few weeks, and Possibly a few
days, Vermont will bj5 visited by an
epidemic of the so-called Spanish In
fluenza. Already thre arc many cas
es at some of our feaports and the
disease will gradually invade the in
terior states
: The apparent
disease makes it
criousness of this
lecessary that some
precautions be t
Iccn to limit its
spread. The di
sase is not essenti-
ally different fr
grippe which w
with for a gbp
called "Spanishl
the influenza or
have been familiar
many years (it is
because the present
m f i
.... pandemic begaif in Spain) ; the same
germ causes this disease ; it is pres
ent in the secfetions of the nose,
throat and air foassages : it is given
off i
and
f coughing, sneezing
iroplet infection. The
wer, chills; head and
catarrhal discharges
symptom
joint pain
from the
tlroat and eyes,. These
symptoms
apout three days.
The diseased ifcelf is . not serious.
The complicatis frequently are.
Hence, the disee should not be
slighted. The patient should go to
bed at once and call his physician.
The complications are bronchial
nshe act
taring by
are
ani
noe,
X
' pneumonia, occasionally lobar pneu
monia and nephritis. These, of
course, are serious.
The disease is hereby declared to
be a contagious and infectious dis
ease, under Section 6203, General
Laws
In accordance with said sef
tion, the following rules and regula
tions are promulgated:
"Influenza is hereby added to the
list of diseases to be reported by
physicians. Every physician shall
promptly report each case attended
or prescribed for by him to the local
health officer. The health officer
shall visit and placard the home
premises of the patient."
All persons should understand that
this is a contagious disease and that
the patient should be isolated in the
home and especially from all visitors
and neighbors. Handkerchiefs, nap
kins and towels used by the case
may indirectly cause the disease. It
is, quite possible that healthy per
sons may become carriers. Children
in families in which there are' cases
should not attend school; and no one
from such families should attend
public gatherings, especially picture
shows, or other indoor entertain
ments. Rational observance of these
precautions may do much to limit
the spread of this disease and con
sequent effects.
Health officers will promptly re
port all cases to the State Board of
Health, -as these reports must.be
forwarded to Washington at the
earliest possible moment.
GERMAN PRISONERS
Thousands of Them Have Been
Working in the Grain Fields
With the American rorces in
France, Sept. 26 (By the Associat
ed Press) Thousands of German pris
oners, many of them taken by the
Americans in the drive north of the
Maine and southwest of Soissons,
have been working in the grain fields
of France during the last few weeks.
In some instances a single French
soldier guards 50 or 60 Germans as
they labor in the field. One French
soldier " said he had been guarding
prisoners all summer and that not
one of them had endeavored to es
cape. All of the Germans working
as harvesters still clung to their gas
masks, many of them carrying them
on a strap over their shoulder as they
toiled in the field.
At night the German farmers'
helpers were taken to quarters in the
different farming districts where
temporary buildings, surrounded by
a high barbed wire fence, had been
erected.
ARfD CROSS NURSE
IN PARIS
Interesting; Letter, Received
by a
Mclndoes Lady
The following letter from a Red
Cross nurse in France was recently
received by Mrs. F. P. Wells of Mc
lndoes, from her classmate, Miss
Mary Isabel Bryce
Pari," France..
4th of July.
I have been detained for
three days in a ward with nurses
with "positive? throatsTThis 1 new
bacteria bug is the ruination. "Dip"
was developed in a bunch of new or
derlies and four of them, three nurses
and one aide, are down with it. I
was perfectly well but they accused
me of a Sx throat and gave me anti
toxin and let it go at that. "I had no
reaction' at all from the Schick test
(which -should prove me immune) but
my throat was full ' of bugs. The
boys are wonderfully interesting but
this is a fearful muddle with quar
antine business and is specially hard
on the well boys. The boys from
some observation tents have been
liberated and others have been kept
in from forgetfulness or negligence.
Apparently this tent hospi
tal is here to stay for a time at
least, as they have taken an apart
ment with three floors for nurses and
plan to get in very soon.
A unit from Grand Rapids, Mich.,
is here to, do the nursing, Unit "Q,"
consisting of 21 nurses, about six
doctors and 50 orderlies. The re
mainder of the nurses are supplied
by the Red Cross from various
sources and there are quite a few
aides. I will write to K if I ever
get sure of staying in Paris any
length of time. '
You will see an account of the cele
bration in Paris July 4th, , but people
with 2x throats are naturally barred.
I am picking up a lot of information
as to results from antitoxin and cross
infection. We had a dear little aide
from Minneapolis who complained of
sore throat for several days, result,
negative. Suddenly temperature and
a membrane "developed, antitoxin was
given and after the second dose she
had a hard chill, temperature 107
and in the morning unmistakable
rash of scarlet fever. I am feeling
pretty well for an old lady but rather
dread night duty again.
Our chaplain is an Episco
palian but he is not the type of man
who ought to be a chaplain at all,
not a good mixer and has a very self
conscious manner. We should give
our Best to these soldiers, send if pos
sible the men who have the art of
aproaching others - easily and tact-
fully.' The arvt of. .somLjnterffiursfi,
is 'ail ait u ltseii, it uuiucumcs ap
pears in th-3 village cut-up and occa
sionally is acquired late in life by
people who study to pleasebut I
honestly think an army chaplain can
not get along without securing it by
natural or acquired methods.
We had a. Mrs. Hawes from Dart
mouth College helping us for a while,
a archeological expert and investi
pptov of Greek antiquities. She
ieiJeu "l B""lc Ui0 ?' 'T..
nours ana ic-ir on june sru ior Amer
ica and her children. If you ever
meet her, be sure to acknowledge me
as an acquaintance.
I have heard no stories of German
atrocities at first hand but I have
heard two pretty stories of kindness
on the part of the German Red Cross
to prisoners taken in battle whom
they had afterwards to abandon.
They dressed the wounds and left
them with water, for their comrades
to find later. In the case of one
helpless soldier they fixed a rag in
his canteen and put the end m his
mouth and put a little flag oves him
before they evacuated the wood near
which he was injured. Marines told
me this who found him.
I am looking forward to a rest in
a quiet place after all this fussing so
if you can find me a room in a peace
ful New England village I will have
a lovely time writing up my family
history and reading all about the
things I have been through.
WHAT THE RED CROSS DID
Used Earthquake Wreckage to Build
Nursery
Washington, Sept. 26 How the
American Red Cross in Italy is capi
talizing an earthquake by using part
of the wreckage of the 1915 disaster
at Avezzano- and Sora to construct a
badly needed day nursery at the lat
ter place, is told in a cable to Na
tional Headquarters in Washington.
No new building material being avail
able, the Red Cross collected enough
bricks, timber and metals from the
ruins of Sora, for a building to care
for 400 babies while their mothers
are attending to harvest duties.
The earthquake of 1915 practically
wiped out Avezzano and Sora. The
people have been trying to live in the
debris of their homes and many of
them are destitute.
Spanish influenza .is thought to
have broken out in Vernon, there be
ing four cases in the home of Rob
ert Allen, a fanner. They are thought
to have contracted the disease from
a soldier who recently returned from
Camp Devens. A partial quarantine
has been placed on the house.
REGISTRANTS
(See List on Page Three
JUNIOR ORDER ' .
UNITED AMERICAN
MECHANICS MEET
Annual Gathering at St.
Johnsbury Wednesday
fat ternoon With 60
"O Delegates
W.H. DREW ELECTED
STATE COUNCILOR
An Eloquent Address by
Hon. John H. Noyes,
National Councilor
The annual meeting of the Junior
Order of United American Mechanics
was held in the Grand Army hall,
Wednesday afternoon, nearly 60 del
egates from the 24 .councils in the
state being in attendance. William
H. Jeffrey of Montpelier, the State
Councilor, presided at the session
and in his annual report referred to
the fact that the organization now
HON. JOHN
National
A notable feature of the gathering
was the stirring address by Hon.
John H. Noyes of New Hampshire,
National Councilor, touching briefly
on his work as chairman of the Leg
islative Committee at Washington
which resulted in the passage of the
Burnett Immigration Bill.
These officers were elected for the
coming year:
, State Councilor, N. H. Drew,
Glover.
State Vice Councilor, Karl E.
Keith, Montpelier.
State Secretary, A. E. White,
Montpelier.
State Treasurer. W. E. Perkins,
Plainfield. i
CALLED OCT. 9
TO CAMP DEVENS
Thirty-six Boys Called to the Colors
by the Local Board
The local board htive sent the no
tices to the following boys in Cale
donia county to entrain for Camp
Devens on October 0:
96 Arthur Edmund Webster
Newport
198 Glenis W. Goulding East Burke
597 Fred C. Smith Waldcn
786 Percy A. Bonett St. Johnsbury
934 Cassius Luther Smith
South Waldcn
992 Adclord Gaboriault Hardwick
1130 James Cruickshank Hardwick
1202 Charles Mahoney Danville
1370 Theodore Aldrich Can- St. J.
1402 Rupert George Franklin
East Ryegate
1404 Gerald Errfest Smith
South Ryegate
1918
29 Paul Walker Gilman St. J.
34A Roscoe Lysander Cobb
Hardwick
46A Samuel Welch Thurston Groton
54A William Abbott Brickett St. J.
56B Theophile Menard St. J.
56C Lester Philip Freer . . Groton
57A Walter Henry Cox St. J.
70A Edward Gustave Legendre
Lyndonvillt
88B Loren Porter Elliott- Bamet
94 Herscbcl M. Hitchcock
Hardwick
94A John Smith St. J.
95A Clayton Norman Abar
Lyndon Center
i)5B Harold Edward Phillips
' l , W.J " - I
. -v , - - . : v . - - 3
i " ' ' ' !
' - . ',i '
, - 1 " .
- - - , -.-f . - 4
i - & -- , X
k it - Vi.
East Burketnitted.
has 1383 members in Vermont, a
net gain of 106. The State Council
or pointed with pride to the passage
of the immigration bill ana spoke as
follows:
"Since we last met we have gath
ered the fruit of a forty year battle
in the passage of the Burnett Im
migration Bill, denying admission to
this country, persons not possessing
suitable qualifications for citizenship.
It has been a long, stubborn fight,
but -jridcr the splendid leadership
of present National Councilor
our fforts have been crowned and
the work done by him will do much
to improve the living conditions ot
our people for all time to come, and
in tha hearts of our membership the
name; of John H. Noyes will ever be
remembered with gratitude and ap
prei?n." Arthur .E White of Montpelier,
the state secretary, reported 24 coun
cils "in good standing. The three
largest; were as follows: General
StarkN. lit Springfield, 120; Green
Mifjtfa'in at Montpelier, 115; Gener-
al'pdan at East Burke, 105. A
new ; council at Greensboro has been
instituted -the past year. They now
have .87 members.
. Atf'he business session the State
Counlir voted to return to the an
nual Sessions, in place of biennials,
which had, been adopted at the St.
JohnsL'ury session of 1910.
H. NOYES
Councilor
Junior Past State Councilor, Wil
liam H. Jeffrey, Montpelier.
State Conductor, C. A. Poland,
Putney.
State Warden, M. C. Arel, New
port. State I. Sent., H. H. Leland,
Brownington.
State O. Sent., B. F. Humphrey,
East Burke.
State Chaplain, Rev. E. W. Sturte
vaht, Lyndon.
National Representative four years,
N. H. Drew, Glover.
Trustee, W. E. Crafts, Bradford.
The officers were duly installed by
Deputy National - Councilor J. M.
Goodrich of New HamDshire.
105A Joe Harry Cordelia Hardwick
105 B Norman S. Van Dyke
Mclndoe Falls
114A Moses Bijdlle St. J.
121 Eugene St. Louis
Greensboro Bend
123A Alexander Napoleon Berube
St. J.
137A William James Nelson Barnet
140 Chclsie Elory Goodwin
HardwicR
141 Paul Mervin Stevens St. J
143 Harold Abner Smith East St. J.
117 Abie James Lowery
East Hardwick
149 Alph;i Joseph Hitchcock
Lyndonville
150B Gordon Harvey Garfield St. J.
MADE IN GERMANY
Following Our Example They Are
- Building Concrete Ships
' Amsterdam, Sept. 26 Germany
has begun to build concrete ships.
The Berlin Taegliche Rundschau re
ports that the first reinforced con
crete motor vessel has been ordered
by the Baltic Shipping Company at
Hamburg. The ship, which will be
of a dead-eight capacity of 300 tons,
will ply between Hamburg and Swe
den. The United States was the first
country to realize the value of con
crete ships for ocean tonnage and a
number of such vessels are being
built under the Emergency Fleet Cor
poration's program. The Faith, a
concrete vessel of j,000 tons, was
launched on the Pacific coast early
this year, r.nd met all the rigid gov
ernment tests to which it was sub-
SIX BILLION IS
MINIMUM
Campaign Will Open Saturday and
Run to October 19
Washington, D. C, Sept. 25. Six
billion dollars is the amount of the
fourth "Liberty loan. The country
will be asked to subscribe this huge
sum, the largest ever offered by any
government in the history of the
world, in three weeks as compared
to the usual campaign of a month
which has attended the other three
American war loans. The campaign
will open Saturday and will continue
until midnight, Oct. 19.
With the announcement by the
treasury department of the total of
the loan and of the quota assigned
each federal reserve district, the
quotas of the states, cities and towns
will be determined and announced be
fore the drive gets under way.
The New York district has been al
lotted thirty per cent of the total, -or
$1,800,000,000, while Chicago's quota
will be $870,000,000. Cleveland is
next with $600,000,000 afid Boston
and Philadelphia" are to raise $500,
000,000 each. San Francisco is al
lotted $402,000,000 and Richmond has
the next largest quota $280,000,000.
CHARGED WITH FORGERY
Burlington Stock Broker in Trouble
(Special to the Caledonian)
Burlington, Sept. 25 Frederick
W. Bradish, a well known resident of
this .city, was arrested yesterday and
lodged in Chittenden county jail
charged with forging the names of
three Burlington men to stock certi
ficates and selling the certificates,
converting the money to his own use.
The arrest was the result of an in
vestigation conducted by Dr. Lyman
Allen, one of the men whose names
Bradish is alleged to have forged,
when he and the stock broker had a
misunderstanding. Bradish is held in
bail of $10,500. . $
::;rUjnSre0lLrE: BEEGgg
Bolsheviki Demand Surrender of
- French and British Officers
London, Sept. 25 A number of
French and British officers have tak
en refuge in the American consulate
at Moscow, which is under the pro
tection of Norway, acording to a des
patch from Copenhagen to the Ex
change Telegraph company. The
bolshevik government has placed - a
guard around the building and has
demanded the surrender of the offi
cers and th'i consulate officials.
INCOME TAX APPROVED
By Senate Finance Committee Just
as Measure Came from House
Washington, D. C, Sept. 25 The
normal tax of 12 per cent on net in
come of individuals, together with
the proviso that the rate shall be six
per cent upon the first $4,000, as writ
ten in the House $8,000,000,000 war
revenue bill, was approved today
without change by the Senate Fi
nance committee.
TO SPEAK FOR LOAN
President Wilson Will Appear in New
York Friday Night
Washington, D. C, Sept. 25. Pres
ident Wilson will speak in New York
next Friday on behalf of the Liberty
loan.
The meeting will be held at the
Metropolitan opera house under the
auspices of the federal reserve dis
trict Liberty loan committee and
New York Federal Reserve bank will
preside. This was announced today
by Secretary McAdoo.
POSTMASTERS TO MEET
Fourth Class Postmasters Will Have
a Gathering at Barre
(Special to the Caledonian)
Barre, Sept. 26 The Vermont
Branch of the National League of
Postmasters will meet in this city on
October 3 and 4. Besides the at
tendance of postmasters it is expect
ed that Post Office Inspector Walter
C. Irish and the postmasters of
Montpelier will be guests of the as
sociation. . During the convention a
trip will be taken to the granite
quarries by special invitaton of the
Board of Trade.
BANQUET POSTPONED
Young Alumni Seminary Function
(Special to the Caledonian)
Montpelier, Sept. 26 On account
of weather conditions and the pre
vailing distemper throughout Ver
mont it has been decided to cancel
the banquet of the young alumni of
Montpelier Seminary which was
scheduled for Friday, Sept. 27.
French and American Forces Start a Joint Attack on the
Chanipagne Front German Attacks North of the
Aisne Have Been Repulsed Germans Are Being
Driven Back to Hindenburg Line
BRITISH CAPTURE STRONG ENEMY
P
Bulgarian Cabinet in Continuous Session Hints at Jcace
Martial Law Proclaimed in Sofia
Paris French and Americans began a joint attack
this morning on the Champagne front, and in the region "
beyond it on the east. Renewed German attacksare" re
ported north of the Aisne, arid have been repulsed at one
point where Germans gained foothold upon French. po-.
sition they were rejected by a counter-attack. This is the .
first allied thrust made in this sector since Marshal Foch
assumed the initiative in July, and is the logical result of
the Allied success in Picardy in the driving of the Ger
mans back to the Hindenburg line from Arras to 'the
Loan. . ..
London Northwest of St. Quentin the British con-1
tinued their pressure against the German defenses and
have captured strong points near Selency and -Gricourt.
Field Marshal Haig reports that in Flanders the British
line likewise has been advanced north of Labassee.
Paris In well informed circles there are reports that
new ministerial crisis and complete change in the Bul
Bulgaria's foreign policy are impending. !
It is reported that in a continuous session of the
Bulgarian Cabinet held at Sofia since Sunday there have
been pacifist manifestations with a suggestion of peace.
NEARLY 680ajVVQMEN
' V !
Tragic Explosion Reported From ,
Plauen, Saxony
On the British Front in France,
Sept. 25 The recent terrible explos
ion of a powder factory at Plauen,
Saxony, seems to have been even
worse than at first rumored. A letter
to a German soldier just captured
says: ,
"Our Sunday excursion to Plauen
was a complete success. We visited
the scene of the catastrophe, where
three wreeks ago an explosion took
place in the powder factory, where
6800 women were employed. Nearly
all the workers became victims of
war. Only 12 escaped unhurt. The
truth, of course, one can never get at,
nevertheless from the few surviviors
one can hear about the fate of " their
comrades.
"The spectacle must have been
something terrible. Like burning
torches, the victims roamed around
the building, as all the doors and win
dows were shut, as is usual in powder
factories. Only one side entrance was
open, and the few who found their
way out presented a grewsome spec
tacle. The whole night through 60
vehicles carried away the unfortun
ates. On Sunday we also visited
their common grave in the Eastern
Cemetery at Plauen."
ALLIED RAIDS EFFECTIVE
79 Killed, 113 Injured During Month,
Berlin Reports
Amsterdam, Sept. 25. Forty-seven
air raids were made in German towns
during the month of August, accord
ing to an official statement issued at
Berlin. This statement says that 79
persons were killed and 113 injured
during the raids.
CANADA'S LOSSES
The Total from All Causes Exceeds
115,000
Ottawa, Sept. 25 The net losses in
the overseas military forces of Can
ada in England and in France up to
August 1 were 115,806 officers, non
commissioned officers and men, it
was announced today.
These figures include those killed
in action or died of wounds, died,
missing, prisoners of war, discharged
as medically unfit, discharged to take
up other lines of war work and those
non-commissioned officers and men
commissioned in the Imperial army.
It does not take into account offi
cers and other ranks wounded in ac
tion who have rejoined British units
or are still fit for service overseas.
For Foch and freedom; buy bonds.
;...!,..M I
OINTS NEAR SELENCY
THE CASUALTY LIST -
Washington, So; ,
ing casualties are ii s i
commanding general o?
Expeditionary Forces :
Killed in action . - , .
Missing in action
Wounded severely
Died from wounds
Wounded, degree undetermined
Prisoners
2Ui'
26
19
- 36
1
1
322
MARINE CASUALTIES
Summary to Date
Officers:
Deaths
Wounded
Missing
Enlisted men:
Deaths
Wounded
In hands of enemy
Missing
39
65
1
10S
3157
AT CAMP DEVENS
Over Ten
Thousand .Cases of
Spanish Influenza
Washington, Sept. 25. Spanish in
nuenza sua noms sway at (Jamp Dev-
ens, Aver. Mass.. with a total of 10.-1
yi - j-iii i
:9 cases thus far recor- V.s TbJ
total for the army, ae-"
1..4- 4. XX !-,'. I
fo tl1
idlest ny mea puoiisneu i
22,972 cases, of which t . .
were for the day endirig-U' ,
terday. ; N '
Army and public health dss
still struggling hard with the'tUcm.
of combating successfully the spread
of this trouble.
MAYOR ASKS AID
Mitchell Seeks to Delay Calling of
Physician Till Epidemic Is Over
Montpelier, September 25. Mayor
Mitchell has sent a telegram to the
surgeon-general and also to the adju
tant general of' the U. S. army
army asking them to tfelay calling
Dr. William Lindsay into service for,
two weeks and until the epidemic o
grip has passed over the city. No
estimate of the number of cases can ,
be made, for many families are.un-,
able to get physicians' attention, ow
ing to the lack of them in the city.
Four physicians also are ill with the
malady.
George E. Close of Cambridge,
Mass., manager and treasurer of the
George Close- Co., wholesale manu
facturing confectioners, died at his
summer home on the Morrison farm,
a short distance from Barre.
i

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