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The evening Caledonian. (St. Johnsbury, Vt.) 1918-1920, September 27, 1918, Image 1

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VOLUME III NUMBER 77
ST. JOHNSBURY, VT, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 191S.
PRICE TWO CENTS
rm
BIG BUILDINGS
t OVERSEAS .
FOR ARMY USE
'Ten Buildings for Medical
Supplies
OVER 20,000 MEN
IN ESTABLISHMENTS
- - .
One Thousand German
Prisoners Work With
the Rest
Paris, Sept. 26 Medical supplies
require ten entire buildings for cots,
litters, mattresses, oxygen tanks arid
the great stocks of hospital and med
ical supplies.
The signal service has two large
buildings and much open storage,
with huge stocks of. telegraph and
telephone wire for the army com
munication svstem which now
spreads all over France.
The warehouses for food, clothing,
and all quartermaster's supplies ex
tend along a frontage of several
miles, all the buildings uniform, 500
by 50 feet. Uniforms, clothing, flour
and what are called sack goods are
kept under cover in the warehouses,
but much of the stock in crates,
boxes and barrels is stacked along
the depot Streets for miles. '
The one item of gasoline is a huge
thing owing to the part motor trac
tion takes in warfare. In one month
our army uses five million gallons, or
an average of five gallons a man for
an army of a million men. This
means a steady movement of 10,000
barrels a month.
To step into the army refriger
ator on a hot mid-summer day is
rather a novel experience. The ther
mometer was about DO as we went
through the yards, but as the Col
onel opened a door of the big refrig
erating plant we were struck with
an Arctic chill of 5 below zero a
drop of 95 degrees as we crossed the
threshold. Inside, the workmen were
huddled in fur coats wrapped about
their ears. The floors were slippery
with frost and the long ammonia
pipes above dripped frosted icicles
like stalactites in a cave. Frost an
inch deep covered the burlap cover
ings of the big sides and quarters of
beef, and the beef itself was frozen
as solid as stone.
Many of the workers in this place
arq from the big .packing' houses of
Chicago. Besides more than a mil
lion pounds of frozen meat always
on hand there is oleomargarine, but
ter, lard and all kind of fats. It is
arranged like a ship with water-tight
compartments, except that these are
cold compartments, so that the freez
ing is carried only to those compart
ments required. No ice is used as the
freezing process is carried out by
forcing of ammonia through pipes at
a high pressure.
The German prisoners' stockade
was not far beyond. Here some
. 1,000 Germans are housed and fed
while they take part in the construc
tion and warehouse work. Around
the stockade runs a wire netting 15
feet high, with a number of armed
guards.
The prisoners show no desire to
get away, and when an exchange of
prisoners was being carried out not
long ago two of them actually broke
down in tears at the thought of go
ing back to their native land. They
sleep on cots and their rations are
about the same as those furnished
the labor troops. The German officers
have their own barracks inside the
stockade, wear their uniforms and
medals and have rather comfortable
equipment with spring cots.
Altogether it takes some 17,000 la
bor troops, besides 1,500 Chinese,
1,000 German prisoners, and a con
siderable number of French Anna
A . A J 1 , 1
miies, 10 run tnis mammotn army
establishment and keep the streams
of supplies moving steadily to the
fighting front.
BARRE SCHOOLS CLOSED
Sixteen Teachers out on Account of
Sickness and Pupil Attendance
Reduced in Some Cases One-half
With 1G teachers out on account of
sickness and with the pupil attend
ance cut from SO to 50 per cent in
the grades and to one-quarter of the
total in the high school, Supt. C. H:
White closed the schools Thursday
morning until Monday morning. No
tices were -posted at all the buildings
and the teachers were notified by
telephone. The retreat of the school
children from the buildings this
morning was so precipitate as to be
come almost a rout, the small army
of children showing unmistakable
signs of life and enjoyment over the
novel situation.
The attendance during the last few
days has dwindled fast under the
influence of the grip epidemic and
when the teachers began to come
down -with the same ailment it was
thought best to close the schools.
REGISTRANTS
(See List on Paee Three)
HUN POSTER WILL
BOOST 4TH LOAN
Was Intended Solely for
Germany
Use in
Washington, Sept. 27 A poster is
sued by the German government in
an effort to belittle the contribution
of the United States to the war and
bolster the failing spirits of its peo
ple has been reproduced by the Lib
erty loan publicity bureau and 2,000,
000 copies will be distributed in this
country during the fourth Liberty
loan campaign, which opens formally
in this country Saturday.
Intended solely for consumption
within Germany, the poster will get
far wider circulation, resulting in the
enemy's publicity guns being turned
on him. The poster was forwarded
by an American in Switzerland.
"Can America's entry 'make a de
cision in the war?" is the title, and
with diagrams sh6wing a small Am
erican army and a small merchant
marine, the poster inferentialiy
answers, "No."
"Russia's army of millions could
not down Germany," argues the pos
ter. "America threatens to send
transports of one-half million men,
but it cannot ship them."
These words are inscribed on a
scroll held by a cadaverous looking
Uncle Sam, alongside a Russian sol
dier appearing immense in compari
son. When the poster was displayed
throughout Germany last July more
than one million American fighting
men already were in France, and this
number soon will be doubled.
Alongside the translation ' of the
German poster the circular issued by
the loan publicity organization pre
sents statements of fact refuting the
enemy allegations, and concludes
with Secretary, McAdoo's assertion
"the fourth Liberty loan is the bar
rage which will precede the victori
ous thrust of our 'army."
PLANES ALMOST,
SELF STEERING
New Patterns Nearly Fool Proof and
Very Stable
Behind the British lines in France,
September 27 The absolutely fool
proof airplane has not yet been in
vented but in the opinion of Amer
ican pilots, who are, working in a
British airdrome, the newest British
machines have very nearly solved the
problem.
Left to themselves these latest
types of heavier than air machines
will make their way safely to earth,
except for. slight damage which may
follow a larding. The machines are
so balanced and the wings so ar
ranged that when the engine stops
they glide 'gradually ahd "easily" to
earth.
The following test shows how sta
ble these airplanes are: A pilot
climbed to a sufficient height, and
then took his hands oif the controls,
merely keeping his feet on the rudder
bar. He steered for an aerodrome 20
miles away and except for keeping
her straight he let the airplane do
what she liked. She traveled the
whole 20 miles as steadily as a bi
cycle coasting down a long, straight
and gentle hill. Of coruse, the pilot
had to take hold of the control stick
to land the machine in the aerodrome,
but except for that, and the steering
the airplane made the whole journey
by herself.
DEATH OF JOHN R. WOODS
A Native of Passumpsic
Dies at
Mendota
The Sun-Bulletin of Mendota, 111.,
in its issue of September 12 c6ntain
ed the following:
I John R. Woods, who died on Tues
day, Sept. 3, at his home in this city,
was the ,-on of Riley C. and Lydia T.
Woods of Passumpsic, Vermont. He
was educated at St. Johnsbury Acad
emy, where he received a training
which was the beginning of a suc
cessful business .career. YSien 21
years of age he came west and
clerked in the store of Holbrook &
Woods, ihz latter member of the firm
being a brother of the deceased, at
La Moille, 111. Six years later he
became a member of the firm of E.
W. .Fas sett & Co. In 1872 they sold
the store and went into private banking,-the
banking business being under
the proprietorship of Norris &
Woods. In 1897 he became presi
dent of the First National Bank of
Mendota. Here, with untiring efforts
and fidelity, he served the public un
til the day of his death. In him,
Mendota has jiost one more business
man of sterling worth whose life was
a gospel of fair dealing with his fel
low men. He was careful in his
business transactions and ever cour
teous and obliging. Mr. Woods' do
mestic life was a very happy one. In
1868 he married Miss Hattie L. P.
Fassett, daughter of Mr. and Mrs
E. N. Fassett of La Moille, who sur
vives him. LasJ New Year's day,
with their friends, they celebrated the
fiftieth anniversary of their marriage
in their spacious home in this city.
To Mr. and Mrs. W'oods were bom
three children who survive their
father. They are Mrs. Pamelia
Woods Muhleman, who, with her
husband, Prof. George W. Muhleman,
was present when her father passed
away, having just arrived from Cam
bridge, Mil's.; Riley Fassett Woods,
of Tampieo. 111., and Mrs. Lydia
j Mabel H'-'wett, of Asheville, North
I Carolina.
U.S. SIGNAL
' CORPS BUSY
OVERSEAS
How Wires Help Win
Battles in the Great
. War
TELEGRAPH LINES
ALL OVER FRANCE
T
In
One Day ' American
Operators Sent 27,000
Messages
7
Tours, Central France, Sept. 11,
(Correspondence of The' Associated
Press--Along the railway routes
and the great national highways of
France one sees mile after mile of
the new telegraph and telephone
lines , seup by the American army,
with squads of linemen in khaki
stringing the wires and laying out
new lines. The telegraph offices all
through the war zones are crowded
with khaki-uniformed operators and a
personnel, of American officers and
enlisted men.
It is one, of the extensive systems
suddenly installed on a huge scale
with the coming", of the Americans,
spreading a vast wire network over
all France and realizing government
operation of telegraph and tele
phones on foreign soil even before it
was'under way on home soil.
This military nerve system is -not
alone telegraph and telephone lines,
but cable lines across the channel so
that American headquarters in
France can be in immediate inter
course with American officials in
London; wireless receiving and send
ing plants for detecting enemy ex
changes and . carrying on our own
radio work; couriers .and dispatch
riders; weather observers to warn
when storms may impede military
operations, and all those modern
methods ol rapid communication
which have become indispensable to
warfare.
It is a complete linking together
of the Ei my, front and rear, head
quarters, staff and line, keeping the
commanding officers in constant touch
with every division and every other
branch :"n the husre field of opera
tions. The movement of troops and
the actual fighting of battles are
largely dependent on this highly de
veloped ia-my communication, which
not only joins our own army but
keeps up the liason of a vast united
command.
It is sorr.ething over 50Q miles from
the French coast to the battle line
in eastern France, and throughout
this distance there is a complete sys
tem of 10 i'.nd 20-wire American teler
graph lines, linking the seaports with
the front construction shops and mil
itary establishments of all soi-ts ex
tending from the ports inland to the
firing line. ' "
There is another multiple line run
ning southward toward the Medit
erranean and over to the Spanish
frontier.
These are the trunk lines, extendi
ing clear across France and, besides
these main arteries, every division
and branch of the army has its own
telegraph and telephone lines keeping
up constant intercourse with head
quarters. In every area occupied by
the army along the front a complete
system of lines runs back to switch
board central stations from regi-1
ment back to the brigade, brigade to
division, division to corps, corps to
headquarters.
On the first day of the big battle
above Chateau-Theirry when the
Americans began their famous drive,
there were 27,000 messages averaging
over 60 words each, all the way
from an extended report on an opera
tion to a short sharp order for some
new move in' the swiftly-moving
drama. Within six weeks, since the
Americans had got into action, the
communication between front and
rear had quadrupled, and six weeks
ago had quadrupled over the service
on April 1 when the American. ac
tivities were beginning to et in mo
tion.
The culmination of the great bat
tle late in July stirred into intense
activity every branch of communica
tion, with orders flying to hospitals,
supply centers, ordnance works, and
to the training and rest camps for the
steady movement forward of fresh
troops.
AS TO COMMISSIONS
Nev Ruling as to Men Within 18 to
45 Army Draft
Washington, Sept. 26 Physically
fit men between 18 and 45 years of
age who are placed in class 1 by
local draft boards cannot become
candidates for commissions in the
army until they have been inducted
into the service as "privates, . under
rulings of the adjutant general made
public today. Registrants placed in
the sub-divisions of classes reserved
for limited or special sen-ice, how
ever, may be commissioned direct
from civil life.
RINGING MESSAGE
FROM WILL H. HAYS
Chairman of Republican National
t Committee Urges all Republi
cans to Buy Bonds
New York, Sept. 26 Chairman
Will H. Hays of the Republican Na
tional Committee has sent the fol
lowing letter to all Republican state,
district and county chairmen in the
United States:
The mission of America is about to
be accomplished.
American soldiers in France are at
this moment demonstrating to the
world the reason for America and
the stuff of which this Republic is
made.
Their complete success and the
consequent eternal establishment
everywhere in the world of the in
tegrity of American rights, interests
and honor and the right of men to
govern themselves, are all assured
with the proper performance of the
plainest duty of the citizenry at
home.
The Fourth Liberty Loan is our
next objective. -
There is no geography, political or
physical, in the patriotism of this
country.- Democrats and Republicans'
alike love their flag and are ready to
die for it. We continually insist for
al parties that the war be kept out
of partisan politics and that partisan
ship be kept out of the war.
. Just as in Congress the Republi
cans led the fight that made possible
the passage of the great war mea
sures, so viow the party membership
and organization has an immediate,
definite war task in the accomplish
ment of which it can fully function.
I repeat, let there be no contest in
this country as to anything that
touches the war except that contest
who best can serve, who most can
give.
The success of the Fourth Liberty
Loan shall be the Republican party's
supreme motif of thought and ac
tion until that objective is attained.
Wherever Republicans are to
gether, by two or two thousand, it
shall be a win-the-war meeting. Just
as the Republican party's evefy ac
tion at all times has been and shall
be determined solely by how we can
contribute most to the war's success,
go now our every thought and ac
tion shall be determined entirely by
how we can make certain the quick
over-subscription of the Fourth Lib
erty Loan.
This is a united country's next
message to Germany.
The entire Republican organization
in every, voting precinct in this coun-
try shall be a fighting force in this
Liberty Loan drive.
- This is the Republican organiza-l
j-:t i;.- ; --. - - t
This is the real business of every
man, woman and child in America.
"Everything else is chores."
Statistics of Non-Declarants in
Vermont
Adjt. Gen. H. T. Johnson has com
piled the figures showing the num
ber of non-declarants in Vermont
who registered on Sept. 12. By na
tionalities they are: England 154;
Ireland 36; Scotland 30; Wales 15;
Canada 267; Australia 4; Newfound
land 2; other British 31; France 6;
Italy 531 ; Portugal 3 ; Russia 545 ;
Serbia 1; China 2; Japan 3; Den
mark 7 ; Netherlands 6 ; Norway 9 ;
Spain 205; Sweden 44; Switzerland
14; Mexico 1; sundry 83; non-declarant
enemies, Austria-Hungary 246;
Turkey 22; Germany 29.
Declarants: England 172; Ireland
31; Scotland 50; -Wales 25; Canada
764; New Zealand 1; Newfoundland
4; Grenada 1; other British 31:
France 8; Italy 295; Russia 115;
Denmark 8; Netherlands 1; Norway
4; Spain 6; Sweden 19 Switzei-land
8; sundry 31; alien enemy declar
ants, Austria-Hungary 52; Turkey 6;
Germany 17.
AMERICA'S DEBT
Our War Debt Will Soon Reach
$19,000,000,000
Washington, Sept. 26 America's
war debt will reach the $19,000,000,-
000 mark the day she launches her
fourth great loan.
With dsily expenditures ranging
close to $50,000,000 this month's war
cost will break all records. The na
tion's burden for September is placed
at $1,775,000,000 which, according to
unofficial figures, exceeds the month
ly expenditures of any other belli
gerent. Although Germany's debt has been
shrouded with some mystery, her four
years of war have piled up a debt
said to be $39,000,000,000. This in
eludes maintenance of her armies and
running her government as well. The
United States, therefore, has spent
nearly half as much in 18 months as
Germany has in 49 months. But this
government, of course, has aided her
associates in the war to the extent of
$6,500,000,000 in actual cash advices
and has tendered the credits of $750,
000,000 more.
The burden of expense borne by
America in September exceeds the
combined expenditures for August
and Septenfber, 1917. "
There is a surplus besides, which
is equal to the cost of running the
government in any month of any pre
war year, treasury department stat
istics reveaL
NO NEW BUILDING
WITHOUT PERMISSION
All Kinds of New Construction in
the -State Will Depend on Per
mission from Vermont Com
mittee 'The council of national defense,
acting under the direction of the
national war , industries board, . has
just put the lid on tight on all and
every kind of construction work
wlych is not essential to the prosecu
tion of the war. Hereafter no con
struction work of any kind except
in five specified classes can be un
dertaken until the projectors have
sought the approval of the non-war
construction bureau of Vermont. The
new bureau will be named by the
Vermont committee of public safety.
This means that outside of the five
specified classes no building of any
kind from a corn crib to a sky
scraper, and from a country road to
an electric line in thfs state, can
get started without a permit from
the priorities board, and that the
essential factor in getting such a
permit will be the approval of the
non-war construction bureau of Ver
mont. This applies o work now in
progress, unless priority orders have
already been secured, as well as new
work.
All people of Vermont who have
in hand or are contemplating taking
up any construction project, either in
a public or a private capacity, are
therefore put upon notice of the or
ganization ox the non-war construc
tion bureau, and of their necessity to
seek the approval of that bureau be- j
fore beginning any construction work
whatever except in certain cases as
specified by the priorities board as
follows:
"1 After having first been cleared
and approved by the war industries
board, those undertaken directly by
or under contract with, the war de
partment or the navy depai'tment of
the United States or the United
States shipping board emergency
fleet corporation, the bureau of in
dustrial housing and transportation
of theUnite"d "Stares ' housing" corpo-1
ration.
"2 Repairs of or extension to ex
isting buildHgs involving in the ag
gregate a cost no ' exceeding $2,500.
. "3 Roadways, buildings and other
structures undertaken by or under
contract with the United States rail
road administration or a railroad op
erated by such administration.
"4 Those directly connected with
mines producing coal, metals and
ferro-alloy materials; and
"5Public highway improvements
and street pavements when express
ly approved in writing by the United
States highway control."
What every person, corporation or
municipality should remember is
that before any construction project
is started, he must apply for a per
mit, and that until further informa
tion, all applications should be made
to the Vermont Committee of Public
Safety, Montpelier, Vt.
BROKE INTO STORE
John McLam's Store at . Ryegate
Entered Friday Night
Ryegate, Sept. 27 Raymond De
mond of Plainfield is now in the
county jail at St. Johnsbury charged
with entering J. A. McLam's store
Friday night. About $50 worth of
goods were taken and the alleged
thief was arrested in a barn in Gro
ton Sunday where he was hiding. He
was brought to St. Johnsbury and
given a hearing before Judge Frye
in the municipal court and bound up
to the December term of county
court with bail at $500. Being un
able to furnish bail he was remanded
to the county jail. He first claimed
that his name was Max Porter, but
his real name is Raymond Demond
and he lives in Plainfield.
TRAIN FERRY
Now Running between England and
France
London, Sept. 27 A train ferry
from England to France, has been in
uoperation for some time. Coaches
and wagons for use on the .French
railways have been going over for
months but recently the first English
passenger train was ferried across.
The ferry is a broad boat with rails
laid on deck which receive the train
direct from the dock of departure.
The train is broken into sections and
made fast on the ferry's rails. On
reaching itij destination it is assem
bled and pioceeds on its journey.
WEATHER
Fair tonight and probably frost.
Saturday fair and warmer.
Bulgarians Request for Peace Startles the Nation
French Commander Says he will Treat Only
With Accreditable Delegates French Offensive
Successful
IN ATTACK THREE MILES WIDE FRENCH
TAKE OVER 700 PRISONERS
Americans Have Accomplished AH They Intended in
Present Attack Serbians Capture Bulgarian and
German Troops and Much War Material Chili
Seizes German Ships
London British attack on the wide front south of
Sense river this morning. The Sense river is a small
stream paralleling to the Scarpe. This probable attack
is to drive a wedge between Douat, one of the principal t
German bases on the Artois front and on Cumbrai.
Premier Malinoff of Bulgaria has made an offer bf ;r
armistice to the Allies. The .offer is without support of t
other members of the cabinet or of King Ferdinand.
A Berlin message received through London says that
Bulgarian's offer has created great dissatisfaction in. Bul
garia and that strong military measures have been taken
to support the Bulgarian front. A counter movement
against the Premier's action has already been started
which would indicate that the revolution is progressing.
A Paris despatch announces that d'Annunzio, the
famous Italian author, has arrived there in an areoplane,
having crossed the Italian Alps. He recently flew to
Vienna and dropped flyers telling the Austrians that
America had a gigantic army overseas and urging them
to give up their fighting.
The French offensive begun yesterday in the Cham
pagne district has been very successful over the entird
field' of attack between the river Suippe and the Argonhe
forest. Formidable German positions of a depth of over
three miles were brilliantly carried. Over 7000 prisoners
were taken.
A London despatch says that in their successful con
tinuance of the northward drive the Serbians have enter
ed Ishti and captured other important points. Many Bul
garian and German prisoners have been taken and much
war material. '
- -' 'A wirefroni Santiago ays that the Chilean govern
ment lias ordered their naval authorities to seize all Geiy
man ships in Chilean harbors. , ' . . . . : v
A Paris despatch says that the Americans in their at
tack northwest of Verdun appear to have attained all
and more than they attempted. They are opposed by, the
Fifth German army.
The French commander in Macedonia officially re
ports that all the Bulgarians have asked for a meeting to
arrange conditions of armstice and eventual peace. The
French commander replied refusing to suspend opera
tions, but said he would receive only qualified Bulgarian
delegates.
With the American Army On the Champagne front
Thursday, Secretary of War Baker witnessed the begin
ning of the American drive along the front northeast of
Verdun today. In the early morning after the enemy po
sitions had been bombarded with high explosives and gas
shells, the American infantry advanced and the tank
squadrons formed an effective part. American airplanes
was one feature of the attack, making an aerial barrier
over the line preventing the enemy from observing the
troops' movements.
MAY USE FUEL
Not to Be Conserved at the Expense
of Health
Montpelier, Sept. 27 The follow
ing statement was made Thursday
evening by H. J. M. Jones, state fuel
administrator, concerning fuel con
ditions: "The weather conditions and sick
ness throughout Vermont will no
doubt compel the using of fuel ear
lier this year than in former yeai-s.
Our office will issue no instructions
or even suggest as to when the peo
ple may commence to use fuel for
heating. Wherever possible it is urg
ed that wood be used, but where it
cannot be secured coal must be used
to prevent any further spreading of
the dreadful disease so prevalent in
the New England states. We must
conserve fuel but not at the expense
of health. This is a time when the
people must use judgment for them
selves as to the fuel reciuired.
AT CAMP DEVENS
Conditions Better pn Influenza
Situation
Camp Devens, Sept. 26 There
were 30 less deaths in the 24 hours
ending this morning at 7 o'clock than
for the con-esponding period of yes
terday' it was stated today at the
camp surgeon's office. There were
59 deaths on the list issued from the
intelligence office, including the
deaths of those whose relatives were
notified by telegram up to midnight
yesterday.
The drop in new pneumonia cases
was marked and 100 less patients .were
sent to the hospital. This is the best
proof the medical authorities can
offer that control of the situation is
being secured. A smaller death list
is predicted for tomorrow.
THE CASUALTY LIST
No Vermonters among the Casualties
Washington, Sept. 27. The follow
ing casualties are reported by the
commanding general of the American
Expeditionary Forces:
Killed in action , 171
Missing in action ( 12G
Wounded severely 146
Died from wounds 119
Died from aeroplane accident . 1
Died from accident and other
causes 12
Died of disease 21
Wounded, degree undetermined 3
Wounded slightly 5
604
NOT YET DECIDED
Date of Draft Lottery Still Withheld
by Gen. Crowder
Washington, Sept. 2G The date
for the first 'draft lottery to give
numbers deteimining in part the or
der of service of" each of the 13,000,-
000 registered for military service on
Sept. 12 will be withheld by Provost
Marshal General Crowder for another:
day or two. ,

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