Newspaper Page Text
LB DO I VOLUME III-NUMBER 82 ST. JOHNSBURY, VT., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 3, IS 18. PRICE TWO CENTS FT GA SOME ARMY WE HAVE AT PRESENT Would Take it 51 Days to Pass Given Point Marching on Foot 3,200,000 MEN IN MILITARY UNITS Representative Lunn Gives House of Representatives Latest War Department Figures All are in Millions or Billions Washington, Oct. 2. It would take the American army, marching in fantry formation, 51 days to pass a given point, Representative Lunn of the military affairs committee told the house yesterday in discussing the magnitude of America's war prepara tions. To show the rate at which the armv is still growing, he declared that if such a review were to be held next June, it would take the troops three morths' steady marching to pass one point. He gave the house the latest war department figures on the army's supplies and equipment. Everything was in millions and billions. In 17 months America's fighting machine has grown from virtually nothing to tremendous proportions. The army now numbers '3,200,000 men. When war was declared the regular army continued 127,588 men. Here is how the nation's resources, pledged with the nation's men to the winning of the war, had been mobil ized up to August: Shoes, marching and field, 27,276, 000; coats, cotton and wool, 19,537, 000; breeches, cotton and flannel, 29, 280,000; shirts, cotton and flannel, 25, 487,000; undershirts, cotton and win ter, 83,971,000; drawers, cotton and winter, 83,042,000; stockings, cotton and wool, 156,672,000; hats, 7,778, 000; blankets, 21,005,000. , . Food products for September: Ba con, 11,453,670 pounds; flour, 625,- 461,392 pounds ; dry beans, 102,894,742 pounds; rice, 38,421,256 pounds; to matoes, 72,274,529 cans; sugar, 18G, 582,316 pounds ; rolling kitchens 15, 800. .Hay, 1,084,251 tons; oats, 592,719 tons; horses, 278,732; mules 131,917; motor trucks, 106,000 ; passenger cars, 10,700; cargo and tank trailers, 13, 000. In the air service officers have in creased fiom 65 to 7,465, and enlisted men from 1,120 to 147,434. Instead of three small aviation fields, there an-e now 29, in addition to the air dromes and assembly fields in France and England. Equipment includes up to Septem ber: Training planes, 6,931; De Havi land planes, 1,440; Liberty motors, 7,047; training engines, 12,500. Eight thousand aviators are train ing in the United States and 4,000 are waiting assignments to ground schools. GERMANY HOPES TO SAVE TURKEY Will Rush 250,000 Into Bulgaria to Hold the Orient Railway London, Oct. 2 Germany, if re ports from a neutral centre can be relied upon, is going 4o make a great effort to maintain communication over the Orient railway with Turkey, and thus hopes to keep her Eastern ally in the war. According to a despatch from The .Hague to the Central News, 250,000 German and Austro-Hungarian troops have arrived at Sofia from Roumania, and while part of these will remain in Sofia as an argument favoring the overthrew of the Mai inoff government, the majority will endeavor to keep the allied troops from the Orient railway, which joins Germany and Austria with Constan tinople, the capture of which was a few years ago hailed as the greatest achievement of the Central Powers. The removal of troops from Rou mania, however, is not without dan ger. A few weeks ago, when appeal ed to by his colleagues on the wes tern front for assistance, Field Mar? shal von Mackensen reported that conditions in Roumania did not war rant the transfer of a single soldier to that country. Now Roumanians are predicting that if the Roumanian army does not rejoin the Allies there will be at least a rising in that coun try which will nulify completely the Bucharest treaty so far as it pro vides for the revictualling of the Central Powers. LET'S STOP THIS! It is to STOP these dreadful casu alty lists QUICKLY that we ask every man, woman and child in St .Tohnsbury to buy Liberty bonds to the limit of their means. YOUR great opportunity to help end this terrible War has come! In God's name do your full part! Don't make EXCUSES make SACRIFICES! SPEEDING UP IN MAKING ATTACKS Germans Driven Back Manoeuvers iy Swift Behind British Lines in France, Sept. 21. (Correspondence of the Associated Press). Increasing speed of fire and ever swifter assaults and manoeuvre have been the principal developments of the art of war this year. A year ago an attack was a lumbering ponderous thing, moving along heavily and deliberately behind a great weight of artillery prepara tion. Today speed is the thing. The rate of advance in the British army has been increased four-fold in the past year. Behind the screen of swift-moving tanks, armored motor cars and cav alry, the 'assault divisions rush into the German positions, occupying trenches, stamping out isolated nests of resistance and collecting the masses of prisoners. The infantry necesssarily move more slowly than the mobile assault forces, but when one takes into account the width of the usual thrust nowadays and its depth, the movement is wonderfully fast, and a day's operations, if suc cessful, mean the occupation of many square miles of territory. In particular, speed has been ap plied to the movement of artillery, which is the vital thing in holding the positions won. Mechanical improve ments have been applied to gun trac tors so th.ic now guns can be brought up in a quarter of the time that was necessary a few months ago. In the same way the tank has become a mo bile gun battery, able to fire as it ad vances. Motor transport is the essential factor in concentrating infantry. Food, ammunition, water and all sup plies are carried up in motor trucks. As fast as the line moves, the en gineers are busy extending " the light railways, and as fast as the rails are laid, they begin to carry their burden of supplies and ammunition. Many miles of track can now be laid by a single section of engineers in a day, and by the evening after a success ful attack, the late field of battle is criss-crossed with line after line of steel rails, all hard at work consoli dating and preparing for a further step 'forward. As speed of attack develops on the allied side, so the helter-skelter char acter of the German movement in the oppoiste direction must increase. The effect of a sudden push-back on the German, lines is like the impact of a locomotive on a train of freight cars, the shock drives the farthest freight car farthest back. ""The effect of the Allied blow is immesurahly en hanced by the speed with which it is delivered. ESCAPED FROM CLUTCHES OF HUNS When the Americans Came He Joined His Friends With the: American Forces in France, Sept. 21 Private Edward F. Baker, of Pittsburg, Pa., is one of the few Americans - who claims to have been a prisoner in Germany and then escaped back to the line of his com rades. Here is an outline of the story told by Baker when he came into Fis mes late one night soon after the Americans took possession of that town. Early one morning there -had been street fighting in Fismes and in an encounter several Germans got the drop on Baker and marched him back to their lines. Before noon the Germans had Baker working in trenches, and they kept him digging in one place or an other most of the -afternoon without as much as even suggesting that hej might want something to eat. Late in the afternoon the Americans started an attack, preceeding it with a heavy barrage from the artillery. Naturally this caused quite a commo tion among the Germans on the hills north of Fismes. When the German guarding Baker turned his hand to look in the direc tion of the whiz of an American shell Baker seized a stick of wood and struck the guard a blow on the head, and then ' ran into a nearby wood, toward the Americans. None of the Germans followed him, al though several soldiers fired with their rifles as he disappeared in the brush. Baker reached his companions thaC night just 18 hours after he had been taken prisoner, and he had nothing to eat all day. WIRELESS AND BATHTUBS IN ALASKA SCHOOLS In. several government schools for natives in Alaska, the wireless plays an important part not only in keep ing the community in touch with the cutside world, but also in their in struction, says-the October Popular Mechanics Magazine. The morning program is frequently occupied with reporting the latest world events to the pupils, and als to- their parents who crowd into the building eager to be informed. In one institution, on the shore of the Arctic ocean, a bathroom is a novelty and convenience used each Friday by the girls and each Satur day by the boys. Before the found ing of the school, bathing in water was practically unknown. GIVING THE . SOLDIERS "THEIR BATHS Thirteen Hundred Men Bathed Each Day 48 SHOWER HEADS AND STERILIZER Where Possible Rest Camps Are Established Near Streams With the American Army in France, Sept. 22, (Correspondence of The Associated Press) When a sol dier comes comes out of battle the things he longs for are a piping hot meal, a shave, a bath, a change of clothing and a real bed. During the July and August offensive when the Germans were driven across the Marne to the Vesle and with the Americans on the move northward day and night it was no easy matter to provide the soldiers with these essentials but day after day the task was accomplished and in many in- j stances the water for bathing pur poses was hot. Further improvements of the sys tem of providing for the men on the very edge of the battlefields is con templated. American officers say that the day is not far away when the rolling shower bath apparatus will be as common a sight along the roads back of the lines as are the rolling kitchens today. One of the divisions engaged in the recent fighting used forty-eight show ers heads and also a disinfector in which battle soiled clothing was sterilized. "Even with this meagre equipment we have teen able to keep the fight ing men in good condition," an offi cer reported. "At the bathing cen tre we can bathe 1,200 to 1,500 men each day. During the offensive we averaged 1,027 men per day. As they were relieved, from the line they were either marched to bathe or transport ed in camiens, and every man A$as given a good, hot bath and change of clothing. In four days 5,642 men and 137 officers passed through the baths. , "The effect of the baths on the men was wonderful. They , came from the front lines worn out, dirty, clothing torn, and left the baths splendidly bucked up, physically and mentally. As most of these men had to go back into the line a few days after coming out, one can appreciate the value of a bath and change of clothing. "It was exceedingly gratifying to feel that we did not necessarily cease to work while the division was in action, at a time when it was very important that the men coming back should haw the effect of a bath and clean clothing." The medical officer's report sets forth that efforts are under way to arrange for transportation of the bathing equipment "so as to continue the bathing program wherever the division moves to a new area." In many instances the soldiers' rest camps are located along streams and when this is the case the men are i taken in detachments of several hun dreds at a time for a real summer swim and allowed to remain in the water as long as they like. But up front, when baths are being provided within sound of the big guns, each man is only allowed so many minutes in the watei and he comes out look ing forward to civilization and con templating spending an hour or so in a nice big tub. TEACHERS MEET Convention Postponed Until November Montpelier, Oct. 3 The school teachers 'convention, which was to have occurred in Montpelier October 9 to 12, has been postponed until November 6, 7 and 8 because of the prevailing malady in Vermont. LIEUT. EVARTS TO WED Takes Out License to Marry New York Banker's Daughter Oyster Ray, N. Y., Oct. 2 Miss Katherine A. Morgan, daughter of Ed. Morgan, New York banker, and first Lieut. Jeremiah M. Evarts, U. S. A., of Windsor, Vt.r appeared at the town clerk's office late yesterday afternoon and secured a marriage li cense. Miss Morgan is 19 years old and Lieut. Evarts is 22. The wedding will be held in the chapel on the estate of Mr. Morgan at Wheatley Hill. The Rev. John Cortell of Newport, R. I., a great uncle of the bride, will perform the ceremony. Only relatives and a tew immediate friends will attend. Lieut. Evarts is a graduate of Yale and attended Plattsburg for his mil itary training. He has been in France for eight months, returning home only a short while ago. In giv ing his occupation in the wedding li cense, he answered, a soldier. GIRLS MADE GOOD ON FARMS College Girls Make Good on Farms Near Mt. Holyoke , Northampton, Mass., Oct. 2 Hi ram Barrus, who has a comfortably productive farm in the rieh meadow land under historic Mt. Holyoke, is a believer in college girl help. "They have surely made good,!' is his ver dict. "They take hold of it intelligent ly, work conscientiously and lose no time loafing around, smoking cigar ettes." Mr. Barrus does not hesitate to say that he prefers their help to boys, because they waste less time. Not many farmers near Northamp ton and Smith College have been as progressive. Some look very non commital when the subject of girl help is mentioned, although they also lament their trials, due to the scarci ty of male help. A woman of the Smith faculty, Miss Josephine Clarke, has had a farm unit of Smith girls at her farm in Chesterfield all summer and a few students and faculty have been with another instructor at her summer place in Conway. Apparently both have been satisfactory and the "Smith Farm Unit" vegetables ' from Chesterfield are among the products on sale semi-weekly at the Northamp ton community marjeet. The four students who assisted Mr. Barrus, ex-ferryman at Hockanum, began in May at planting time. They lived in Northampton during the sum mer, being carried down to the river every day and then ferried across to the farm. Their term was up the middle of August and they left for their homes so interested in the work that they were eager to return in time to help in gathering the crops. The sight of young women in their knickerbockers and blouses is not yet common enough in this staid section of the Connecticut valley not to at track attention when they are away from the scene of their labors. Their garb is an old story to them now, though there is a characteristically feminine dispute over the resepctive merits of knee-bands or elastic over straps. Only the truly great are al lowed a voice on the intricacies of these details. The Mt. Holyoke unit has put in steady and valuable service which has included, in addition to the out- door work of raisins vegetables, the! muoor iasK oi preserving ior win- ter. The college being dependent for its winter supply upon its own rais ing, has 50 Ocans each of beans, corn and tomatoes added to the stores through their efforts. The unit has consisted of young-'; alnnrnae as well as of students, teachers, nurses and other tlumnae workers. A.s in most of. the units, whether of students or alumnae, the number em ployed has been about the same dur ing the summer, although the in dividuals varied, taking a certain term at the work and having the remainder of the vacation as usual. FEARFUL STATE IN RUSSIA Hundreds of People in Petrograd Put to Death Without Trial in Single Week Lawless executions are going on in Central "Russia at an alarming rate, more than 800 persons having been executed during the past week. It is stated in dispatches received at Washington that wholesale murder has been rampant- in Russia for sev eral months, the victims being mas sacred in many cases, without any form of trial whatever, purely for the purpose of revenge or for the gratification of selfish political aims and desires. The Bolshevik authori ties seem to have become afflicted with a mania for the complete des truction of all former officers of the army, ex-officials of the former na tional and local Russian governments, and educated and well-to-do people generally. The decline of the power of the Bolsheviki is apparently driv ing the vengeful and irresponsible masses to desperation and causing them to resort to these bloody out rages in a final effort to destroy all who may be disposed to interfere with their ideas of freedom.v For- tunately, other large classes' of ' the population of .Siberia and European- Russia are beginning to realize the importance of immediate and vigor ous measures for the overthrow of the Bolsheviki regime and many thousands" are co-operating with the military forces of America, England and aJpan, which are advancing from Vladivostok and 'Archangel toward Central Russia for the purpose of bringing to the misguided and unfor tunate Russian people true liberty and effective self-government. PRICES ON SHOES Industry Agrees on War Scale Rang ing From $3 to $12 'Washington, Oct. 12 Maximum and minimum retail prices for "shoes as agreed to by the industry and ranging from $3 to $12 for men and women were announced today .by the war industries board. Shoes are grouped in three classes as follows: Class A, from $9 to $12; class B, $6 to $8.50; class C, $3 to $5.50. WEATHER Fair and colder tonight and Friday. NOW IS THE TIME TO DIG ON THE LOAN One Thousand Subscribers Wanted for the Fight ing Fourth THIS TOWN HAS SUBSCRIBED $301,000 Six Hundred and Forty People Have Taken Bonds The time has come to dig and dig deep for the Fourth Liberty Loan. The campaign is going slower than was hoped, due to the epidemic. The workers at the Fairbanks factory were particularly handicapped with more than 350 men out sick yester day. Subscriptions had been received up to last night from only 640 St. Johnsbury people amounting to $301,000. At least three times this numbei should subscribe before the campaign is over notwithstanding the handicap of the influenza. The committee urge on the com- munity the immediate need for 100 persons to subscribe at once for $1000 or $500 each of the Fourth Liberty Loan and for 1000 persons do you get this? One Thousand viuu .. Nearly six thousand people saw the war relic train and heard the rousing patriotic address Tuesday af ternoon. The French soldiers on the train were riddled with shots by about one hundred cameras. Is 640 a fair proportion of our people to actually subscribe for the loan? Undoubtedly many more persons have already subscribed or are ready to do so but the committee urge upon all solicitors and also all subscribers the necessity of getting the subscrip tions into the banks immediately. St. Johnsbury's quota is $582,000. The subscriptions so far range from $50 to $20,000 with the majority nearer the smaller figure. Help the hard working committee by getting your subscription into your bank not later than tomorrow. This large amount is not coming without great effort and considerable sacrifice. Millions of men are fight ing for you. Don't stay out of this great work altogether. Don't leave it for someone else to also pay your share. "There is a tide in the affairs of men which taken at the flood leads on to fortune, Omitted " but we must not omit the opportunity. It is flood tide in the "Fighting Fourth Liberty loan" now and "we must take the current when it serves or lose our fortunes." SEVEN TOWNS NOW OVER THE TOP "Let Everyone Get On Their Toes and Carry the County Over" (Special to The Caledonian) Lyndonville, Oct. 3 "We might just as well do it now," said G. M. Campbell has urged the chairmen of Fighting Fourth, "and find out if the color of Caledonia county is red. j Let everyone get on their toes and we will do it. Mr. Campbell has received word from the town chairman of every place in Caledonia county and seven of the towns have already exceeded their quotas Barnet, Groton, Kir by, Lyndon, Peacham and Sutton. Mr. Campbell has urged the chairman of the other 10 towns to get their towns over the top this week so that Cale state to exceed its quota, donia county will be the first in the Following is the amount thus far subscribed in the 17 towns in Cale donia county: Barnet $ 47,150 Burke Danville Groton Hardwick Kirby Lyndon Newark Peacham Ryegate St. Johnsbury Sheffield Sutton Stannard Walden Waterford Wheelock 31,600 25,000 18,050 35,000 5,300 163,800 4,300 19,200 23,000 301,000 1,700 8,150 250 2.050 7,050 1,500 British Renew Their Attack on the St. Quentin While Germans Keep Retreating Heavy Fighting North of Rheims GERMANS MOVING INHABITANTS FROM ALSACE EXPECTING AN ATTACK Astounding Figures of the Success of the Allies in Taking Prisoners, Cannon and Guns from the Germans Amsterdam, Prince Maxmillian of Baden has been named German Imperial Chancellor according to-Berlin newspapers. He is heir to Grand Duchy of Baden and is 51 years old and has been one of the leaders of a group of German moderators, was praised, by Ambassador Ge rard in his book "My Four Years in Germany." This year he gave semi-official interview in which he advocated abandonment of all ideas of conquest and advocated Anglo-Saxon peace. His statement was a rude shock to Pan Germans. Americans now hold the furthest point south reached by any of the Allies in the advance from Archangel. This point is a small village 35 miles south of Shenkurak and o00 miles south of Archangel on the river Vaga. The Bolsheviki stronghold of Velsk is only 40 miles away. A Sofia despatch says that on Monday the Bulgarian government announced officially that the armstice had been signed and orders given to suspend military opera tions. The officials declared that it will only be a short time until peace is made. A Geneva despatch says that the German military authorities have begun to remove the inhabitants of xlsace in expectation of a Franco-American attack on the frontier. The inhabitants in 20 villages have already been sent to Bavaria. The paper announcing this says that the German authorities fear a general uprising in both Alsace and Lorraine when the Allies cross the frontier. ,t - , - rr. A Paris despatch says that from Sept. 10 to Sept. 30 the Allies in France and Belgium captured 2800 officers, 120,000 men, 1600 cannon and over 6000 machine guns, ac cording to an official statement. Since July 15 the Allies have captured 5500 officers, 248,000 men, and 3600 can non and 23,000 machine guns. A London despatch says that the British this morn ing resumed their attacks on the north of St. Quentin, ac cording to Field Marshal Haig's report. The Germans continued retreating from Lens to Armentierres, evacuat ing highly-organized positions in that area along a 20 nine, front. The war office at Paris announces that heavy fight ing continues north of Rheims and that the French have continued their advance, capturing Loivre. MUTINIES AMONG GERMAN TROOPS Boats Sunk! Officers Shot, Sailors Executed Copenhagen, Oct. 2. Four German torpedo boats, whose crews mutinied and attempted to take them out of harbor during August, were pursued by cruisers and sunk, according to information received here today. The occurrence is confirmed by the wash ing ashore of 160 bodies. Thirty-six German soldiers were executed at Kiel recently as the re sult of a mutiny against? submarine duty. Several mutinies occurred among German and Austrian soldiers in the Ukraine during September. At Kher hof, 6,000 Austrians are reported to have refused to go to the west front. Two German officers were killed by 100 mutinous soldiers on the Dutch German frontier a few days ago. The troops refused to go to the front. Officers oidered them fired upon. Immediately the mutineers shot two officers dead. FOUR DEATHS (Special to The Caledonian) Burlington, Oct. 2 Four deaths due to pneumonia occurred here yes terday, three of them being soldiers. Private Lewis P. Pettengill of Cum mington, Mass., and Private Carl Swanton of Boxford, Mass., members of the mechanical school at the Uni versity, Private Walter W. Stover of the 31st Battalion, United States Guard, Fort Ethan Allen, and Ches ter E. Taylor, vice-president of the W. G. Reynolds company, one of the largest stores in the state, succumb ed. The situation in regard to influenza is better here than in any other large city in the state. Most of the cases are at the mechanical school, with only about a dozen in the city pro per. Everything is -.closed tight', the health officials having taken stringent measures with the disease's first ap - pearance. DAMASCUS FALLS And British General Gets 7,000 Pris oners Londoli, Oct. 2. Damascus, the capital of Syria, has fallen to the British forces. Gen. Allenby's troops and a portion of the Arab army of King Hussein occupied the city at 6 o'clock yesterday morning. More than 7,000 prisoners were taken. Australian mounted troops entered the city Monday night. The capture of the Turkish base in Syria and Palestine was announced by the war office tonight in the fol lowing statement: "Palestine troops of an Australian mounted division entered Damascus Monday night. 'At 6 a. m., Oct. 1, the city was occupied by the British forces and by a portion of the Arab army of King Hussein. Over 7000 prisoners were taken. "After its surrender, with the ex ception of necssary guards, all the al lied troops were withdrawn from the city for the time "being. The local authorities remain responsible for its administration." I STATE CONVENTION Will Meet in Burlington Oct. 15 (Special to The Caledonian) : Burlington, Oct. 2 The adjourned State Republican Convention will be held here in Burlington Oct. 15, at the Strong Theatre, decision having been made at a meeting of the state committee. The meeting was to have been held Tuesday, but was ad journed because of the quarantine due to Spanish influenza. If there is a full attendance, about 300 persons will be here. Headquarters will be opened in Montpelier with Mason S. Stone, can didate for lieutenant-governor, as the manager, and Harry A. Black, candidate for secretaiy of state, as the assistant. J. Rolf Searles of St. Johnsbury was chairman of the meet- ' ing and J. E. Paddock of Saxtons I"" " . At A liiver was me secretary.