Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME III NO. 100
ST. JOHNSBURY, VERMONT FRIDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1918 PRICE TWO CENTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY MEETING HERE Prizes and Ribbons for the Choice Fruits and Vegetables That Will be on Exhibition PREMIUM LIST WILL ATTRACT ENTRIES Suggestions to Intending Exhibitors as to How to Prepare Their The 22nd annual meeting of the Vermont State Horticultural Society will be held here Nov. 20 and many fruit growers are planning to exhibit their products. 4 There will be many premiums and ribbons for contributors and exhibi tors for choice fruits and vegetables. It is believed that the influenza epi- demic will be past by the 20th of xt i i i ii j? ' November and plans are therefore goinpj forward for a successful ex hibition and meeting of the State Society. The exhibition which is primarily for the interest and instruction of the public must be a cooperative af fair although there will be exhibits from most counties throughout the state. It is hoped that the people in Caledonia County in particular will contribute liberally. In selecting specimens a few sug gestions will be helpful to the ama teur exhibitor. In general, unifor mity of size and color, freedom from blemishes, absence of spots and blemishes, and general maturity are factors taken into account by the judge for the awards. Extia large size is not necessarily a point of merit. A plate of apples for instance all of which are about the same size and color will score higher than a plate on which there are two large specimens and one or two small ones. As far as apples are concerned it is ir.ot best to polish them as it de tracts from their beauty and intrin sic quality. Those who are to 'make exhibits should reserve more thf.n the exact j number of specimens called for in the premium list in cao of accident or abrasion there will be a, chanei to discard a few and secure perfect specimens. Local exhibitors who prefer more information should consult E. H. Hallett, St. Johnsbury Center, form er president of the society who will also have a liberal supply of the printed premium list and program af ter a short time. Professor M. B. Cummings of Bur lington wishes to announce the fol lowing premium list and is giving this announcement just now so that in tending exhibitors may set aside some of their choice products an l therefore help make the exhibit a successful affair. The Premium List Class I Apples 1st 2nd Plate Arctic $1.00 Baldwin 1.00 Banana 1.00 Baxter 1.00 Bellflower 1.00 Bethel 1.00 Delicious 1.00 Fall water 1.00 Fameuse 1.00 Scott Winter 1.00 $ .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 : Golden Russett 1.00 Hubbardston 1.00 King 1.00 Mcintosh 1.00 McMahon Wh 1.00 N. Spy 1.00 N. W. Greening 1.00 .50 Pound Sweet 1.00 .50 Red Canada 1.00 ,50 Pewaukee 1.00 .50 R. I. Greening 1.00 ' .50 Scott Winter 1.00 .50 Shiawassee 1.00 .50 Senator 1.00 .50 Spitzenburgh " 1.00 .50 Stayman 1.00 .50 Sutton , 1.00 .50 Toman Sweet 1.00 .50 Wealthy 1.00 .50 Westfield 1.00 .50 Wolf River 1.00 .50 Winter Bamona 1.00 .50 1st 2nd 3rd j Best collection named varieties exhibited on plates (separate exhibits $5.00 $.1.00 $2.00 Best display cook ing apples on plates (separate display 5.00 3.00 2.00 Best display winter dessert apples on plates (separate display) 5.00 3.00 2.00 Class II Artistic Display 1st 2nd 3rd Best exhibit of ap ples in box pkg. (3 boxes) 5.00 3.00 2.00 Best exhibit barrel pkg. (3 barrels) 5.00 Best single box of apples 5.00 Best single barrel of 3.00 2.00 AIR EXPLOITS OF ' ITALY'S GREAT POET His Flights Are an Inspiration to His Countrymen London, Sept. 20 (Correspond ence of The Associated Press) The air exploits of Gabriele d' Annunzio, the Italian poet, novelist and drama tist, have taken a strong Hold on the Dritish public's imagination, and he is acclaimed here as one of the world's , foremost figures in aerial warfare. The London papers, which recently have been devoting consid erable space to the daring Italian, express surprise that a man of his age and temperament was able to malffl sn rmavknhlf a snpress as an airman. Few expected, the Daily Ex- j press says, that the "dandy Koman , poet" would become an air fighter after passing his 50th birthday. Above all, it is pointed out, he is an inspiration to his people. His deeds during the war are known to all the world, but few outside Italy rea lize that he has been the greatest public oi-ator of his country since the war begun. His speeches are full of prose music, and the message which he dropped over Vienna was written as only a poet and a soldier could write. D 'Annunzio as a squadron tedder is said to be not only fearless, but untiring. Routine bombing and chas- - i . j j - ! ir tt: . ing have no attractions for him. His fertile brain is constantly at work devising new methods for harrying the enemy in unexpected dn-ections That is wlw the Austrians hate him i so intensely. ! It is believed here that his fate would be dire if he fell into the enemy's hands, and London is quite ready to credit the story that he car ries in his tunic pocket a little phial of poison. MERTON ASHTON WRITES HOME FOLKS Won His Spurs as Second Lieu tenant A. C. S. France, Oct. 1, 1918 Dear Mother and Father: Just a few lines to let you know that I have at last succeeded in winning my spurs as a 2nd Lieuten ant in the U. S. A. We were dis- I charged yesterday and sworn in today. So I am starting oif by writing home to you as I know you will all be anxious to know how I came out. The school closed one month earlier than it was to, so for the past three weeks we: have been - on the jump most of the time. It was a hard course, but it is over now so it is part of the past and we. won't worry about it. We have been assigned and I drew a National Army Division, and expect to leave to report to that di vision for duty very shortly. With love to all, I remain, Your loving son, Merton 2nd Lieut. Inf. U. S. A. FLEW 500 MILES The Lengthy Flight of an Austrian General to Reach His Troops Amsterdam, Oct. 25 To conduct Austrian army operations in Albania General von Pflanzer Baltin, who is in command there, went to the front by airplane. The distance flown was about 500 miles. THE H. C. L. Even Matches Have Advanced to a High .Price London, Oct. 25 Before the war a dozen boxes of "safety' matches sold in England for the equivalent of three American cents. Today Lon doners are lucky if they have the chance to buy a dozen boxes for 50 cents. apples 5.00 For best exhibit of 5 barrels, 10 boxes and 20 plates from any coun ty, 1st, $10; 2nd, $5; 3rd, $3. Class IV Canned Fruits 1st 2nd 3rd Best display canned fruits $3.00 $2.00 $1.00 For best display of cooked apple products in any of the 197 different ways 1st, $3; 2nd, $2; 3rd, $1, (Not open to tradespeople) Class V Pears. 1st 2nd $.50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 Plate Anjou $1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Bosc Clairgeau Dutchess Lawrence Vt. Beauty Winter Nellis Best plate collection of pears .00 2.00 Class VI Vegetables 1st 2nd Best collection named varieties 5.00 3.00 3rd 2.00 Premiums of $1.00 and 50 cents will be awarded for the best display of beets, carrots, celery, turnips, cab bages, onions, squashes and pump kins. Only two specimens are nec essary of the last two kinds; five specimens for all others. Class VII Ornamentals Cut flowers and plants in pots in Combination 1st, $10; 2nd, $5; 3rd i $3. OFFICERS HAD PALATIAL ROOMS IN THE TRENCHES Articles Mo. Conveniences AH of a Geri Tome WINE CELLAR WA 7 WELL STOCKED Allies Found Everything in rnnfncJrm TnHiVnHncr Precipitate Flight With the American Armies in the Field, Sepv. 30, (Correspondence of The Associated Press) All the com forts of home, with some added lux uries, were found in the dugouts and living quarters which the Germans were forced to abandon when the American troops smashed through the St. Mihiel salient and took the ! .territory which the German army had occupied for four years. Running water, electric light, steam heat, tennis courts, bowling alleys, swimming pools, pianos and wine cellars were some of the up-to-date conveniences wThich Uncle Sam's "moppers-up" that followed on the heels of I r e rushing American soldi ers found in some of the quarters of the German officers. The more elaborate quarters were located h: the thickly-set woods which abound in this part of France and most of them represented the work of four years. The majority of them were of elaborate rustic con struction and usually had shell proof shelters connected with them. Fur niture ana decorations taken from the French inhabitants of neighboring villages formed the principal interior equipment. One of the most unique of these officers' quarters was located in the little village of Euvezin, about 20 miles from Metz. There were two tiers of rooms with broad balconies in front and all lighted by electric ity. In the lower floor was an ela borate sitting room, containing ridh ly upholstered furniture, a piano, oil' paintings, inlaid tables and beveled mirrors. This apparently was the headquarters of a high officer, for in it were found maps, plans and a tele- phone switchboard. Outside was a i t. n i ...;.v-.w,;.,,,. ! uownns.uuey. ayu slua" """""Bi pool.' ' ! At one si.de was a wine cellar well stocked with apple wine, beer and other bevci ages .dear to the German heart. .Immediately adjoining was a shell proof dugout, 40 feet deep and capable of holding-60 men. Next to this was a shoemaker's hut where a number of women's shoes and slip pers were found, indicating that the Germans had women in their trench es. Higher up in the woods was a ! vegetable farm, and overlooking all is an observatory, which gave a sur surpassing view of the country for miles around. Everything was confusion. Uni forms, rifles, pots, dishes, books, and all kinds of military paraphernalia were heaped about everywhere, indi cating that the Germans had fled in great ha'si That th-i Germans expected to oc cupy th's territory for a long time is shown by the character of their trenches. Ir many cases, these were of concrete and equipped with al most as many conveniences as a dwel ling house. Some of them had run ning water, telephone communica tion, heating stoves and piped drain age. RULERS THAT FEARED NOT SHELL FIRE Belgian King and French Premier Visit Ruined City Amid Burst ting of Shells London, Sept. 26 (Correspond ence of The Associated Press) King Albert of Belgium and Premier Clemenceau of France were appar ently so indifferent to shell fire to which they wei-e exposed while the Premier was visiting the Belgian front recently as to arouse the ad miration of the Belgian soldiers. , One of them describes the incident thus : "The scene is laid among the ruins of a part of the Belgian front daily shattered by shells, bombs, or aerial torpedoes. In the street parallel to the church a little group of persons are walking. A tall khaki figure seems to be guiding a civilian and some French officers. It is a Belgian, General wandering leisurely up and down answering questions and giving explanations to his guests. From our dug-out we soldiers watch with curiosity. "Suddenly a whistle, an explosion and a burst of smoke but 30 yards from the visitors. Not one of them took any notice. Another. It falls quite near. The Belgian General, the civilian and their suite have not turned their heads, merely continue their walk as slowly as before. While the fire continues, the visitors are getting nearer our dug-out and we stand at attention. "The Belgian General is King Al bert, the Chilian M. Clemenceau." WHAT THE ALLIES WILL DEMAND The Kaiser Has Been Indicted for Murder by English Government Washington, Oct. 24Marshal Foch and the Allied commanders have agreed upon armistice terms tanta mount to Germany's "unconditional surrender if they are accepted. From vn authoritative source it was learned today, these terms are essentially as follows: First The evacuation of Alsace Lorraine. Second The evacuation of Prus sian Poland. Third The cessation of all munition-making,1 to be insured by com mittees of allied officials who will be installed in all factories at Essen and all other points. Fourth The surrender of the sub marine fleet. Fifth The occupation of all Ger man battleships by Allied naval offi cers. The provisions of the armistice have been drafted to embody the foregoing points and to insure com pletely against any resumption of warfare by Germany, either on land or sea. Precautions were included to pre vent Germany utilizing the artmstice for the manufacture of war material with a view to continuing the fight should peace negotiations fail. British despatches today laid par ticular emphasis on the naval re quirements of an armistice to limit German sea-power and- guarantee against future naval outrages. Belgium, France, Russia, Rumania, Serbia, and all other occupied lands must, of course, be evacuated. It is suggested that other armistice terms will include Allied occupation of a portion of Germany, with En tente and American troops in Berlin, at the Krapps Works, at Essen, in Metz, Strasisb-urg, Coblenz and all key fortifications, and with Allied officials at German seaports. In addition, there is a belief that some of the Allied Powers will de mand that Von der Lancken, slayer of Edith Cavell, and other perpetra tors of; ho more revolting German atrocities be held as hostages. The disposition of the Kaiser would also Wo 5 under indictment in England for first degree murder, the indictment hav ing been voted after an air raid in which a number of children were kil led. COMMISSIONS IN THE U. S. ARMY Training School for. Civilians-to b Established Boston, Oct. 25 There is being es tablished at Camp Fremont, Califor nia, a training school for Civilian candidates for commissions as second lieutenant in the Infantry, United States Army. The school is to have a capacity of 20,000 students. Train ing commences Dec. 1, 1918. The New England States are ex pected to furnish 1,220 students. Ar ranged by states, the quotas are as follows: Maine 140 New Hampshire . 80 Vermont 70 Massachusetts 620 Connecticut 200 Rhode Island 110 Candidates must be citizens of the United States, and must not have been born in any country with which the United States is at war, or m any country allied with those with which the United States is at war Those who left such countries within five years of birth are eexmpted from this prohibition. To be eligible for the school, a candidate must be between 18 and 46 years of age, and physically qualified for general military 'service. A high school education or its equivalent is required, and each candidate must present three letters from responsi ble parties as to his moral character, All draft registrants between the ages of 18 and 46 are eligible, ex cept registrants in Class I who reg istered prior to Sept. 12, 1918, and registrants in deferred classification on account of industry, occupation, or employment, including agriculture. Selected candidates will be trans ported from their homes to the school at the expense of the United States. While in training they will be privates first class, U. S. army, tie pay of which grade is $33 per month. In addition to this, clothing, subsistence, and medical attendance will be provided by the Government. Vermonters who desire to avail themselves of this opportunity should communicate at once with the Cam- manding Officer, S. A. T. C. unit nearest to their homes, as indicated in the folowing list: University of Vermont, Burlington, Vt. Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vt. Norwich Unversity, Northfield, Vt. MORE MARINES 200,000 to be Added to our Navy Washington, Oct, 23 Two hundred thousand officers and men will be add ed to the -navy during the next year, to man new naval and merchant ships, bringing the total . naval man power to slightly more than 700,000 the Secretary of the Navy, Mr. Dan iels: dld the House Naval Affairs Committee today. MATT JONES JOINS A NEW SOCIETY The Well-known Telephone Official Elected Charter Member Telephone Topics has a good story about the Vice-president -ox the New England Telephone and Telegiaph Company, who is a native of Vermont and one of St. Johnsbury Academy's most distinguished graduates. He is also some tarmer as the story which follows indicates: A Newton resident, out for a be f ore-breakfast stroll, was passing a thoroughfare bordering the rear of some attractive residences when his attention was diverted by a conver sation between two laborers in an adjacent "war garden." They were j contemplating glistening lines of po- j tatoes which they had been digging. ; "This is going to be some crop, j Elie," remarked one. i "It sure is Matt," replied the .other, with a distinct emphasis of satisfac tion in his tone. "Let's see, now; we've dug forty bushels so far and we've dug hardly two-thirds of these rows. That ought to give us 65 bushels out of this quarter of an acre," commented the other meditatively. Easy, if the average production per row holds out, as it promises to. Just look at 'em how heavy the yieid is and how big some of these j spuds are. borne of these must weigh i spuds are. Some of these must weigh a pound and. a half a piece." "Too big, some of them', "Too big, some of 'cm," replied the other critically. "You never could bake 'em clear through, and if ou oii tnem, tne outer part would dissolve before the center was J I j 1 ' i 1 it . I cooked. My mother would have laid those aside to make yeast." Well, they show what proper fer tilizer and muscle and perspiration can do, anyway, and the general run is of abont the right size. I think I'll take a few of them into the of fice to show." Guess I'll do the same." We cught to organize a Society for -the Prosecution of Useful Drud gery.' I'll bet we could get quite a fewr members if we could get the crowd to look over this acre and a quarter and see the crop of potatoes and corn end beans and all the other stuff we've raised on this patch." Whereupon E. B. Bishop, City Solicitor of Newton and well-known Boston lawyer, and M. B. Jones, vice- president of the New England Tele phone and Telegraph Company, were elected charter members of this apochryphal organization. But the potatoes are real, as witness the above photograph. They weighed from one and one-fourth to one and three-fourths pounds each. TURKEY NEXT Must Surrender or Allies Will Attack Constantinople Washington, Oct. 24 Turkey must surrender unconditionally or succumb to an Allied drive on Constantinople. Turkish agents in Switzerland ai-e in touch with Allied representatives according to an authoritative diplo matic source here today. Complete surrender is being demanded of Tew fik's Government. Unless this de mand is complied" with on short or der, Allied forces will move on Con stantinople. Greek and Allied troops have pre pared themselves for a rapid rush across the Dedeagatch-Adrianople line. They are being held m readi ness and fire amply equipped for a hot fight. The occupation of Con stantinople would only be a- matter of days, it was stated in diplomatic quarters. GRANITE INDUSTRY SAVED War Board Changes Ruling Which Would Have Stopped the Business Montpelier, Oct. 24 Gov. Graham has received a telegram from Wash ington announcing a modification of the order which virtually would have shut dowrn the granite and marble in dustry of Vermont. This order for bid the use of cement in the setting of monuments, mausoleum and in building operations of private nature. As it would be impossible to set up monuments it consequently meant that there would be little need of their manufacture. The modification permits the use of cement. H. J. M. Jones, S. H. Jackson of Barre and Gov. Graham recently made a trip to Washington to urge a modification of the order which now has been an nounced and will be received with satisfaction by the granite trade. WEATHER Rain and cooler tonight and Sat- urday. r Col. E. M: House Gone to France as President Wilson's Personal Representative in Peace Negotiations London and Paris Papers Comment Favorably on Wilson's Last Note BRITISH FIRST AND FOURTH ARMIES EACH CAPTURE 1200 CANNON British Have Captured Main and Another Village Near Valenciennes French Troops Occupy a Village and Secure Hundred Prisoners A Washington despatch says that Col. E. M. House of Texas, the President's closest friend, has arrived in France. Col. House was sent to Europe as the President's personal representative. This announcement was autho rized officially, but all further information is withheld. It is understood, however, that Col. House's visit is : con nected with the Germans' plea for an armistice and peace. Col. House is probably authorized to represent the Pres- ient n the discussions with A despatch from Basel, Switzerland, says that it was announced on the lower Chamber of .the Hungarian parlia ment Thursday that christian soldiers of the 79th Hun garian regiment at Foume had revolted and destroyed the railroad there. Count Apponyi, Count Andrashy and the opposition deputies thereupon demanded the resigna tion of the ministry, according to Budapest advices. Premier Kekerle declared that in view of increasing dif ficulties in the situation he would propose to the king a coalition ministry. A Washington despatch says that the comment in London and Paris newspapers on the President's latest note to Germany reflects the attitude of the English and French people. In many cases the officials considered the note satisfactory. Whatever doubts as to the attitude that would be taken by those countries on the President's I act in transmitting the German request have now been eh- i tlYelv remnVpHI nft.pr rprirh'ncr trio n Pwcmn ro v rrmmonc- A despatch from Basel says that Turkey will accept peace based on the principles of right and justice laid down fry President Wilson. - A despatch from Constantinople says that Tewfik Pasha, grand vizier of the new Turkish , government stated in Parliament that Turkey approved of taking this course. A despatch from London says that the British haVe captured Main, southwest of Valenciennes, also Vendegies sur Ecaillon. In the front below Valenciennes the Ger man counterattacks were repulsed and close fighting Was resumed early this morning. A Paris despatch says that on the Aisne front, east of Rethel, the French have captured the villages of Ambly and Flury, taking a hundred prisoners. With the Allies. in Belgium In the fighting in this section since Wednesday morning the British Third Arjny has taken 6000 prisoners. On Wednesday and Thursday' the British First and Fourth armies each captured 1200 cannon. GRIP STILL GAINING Increase ol Nearly 1,000 Influenza Cases in New York City New York, Oct. 24 The health commissioner today reported 4,403 ( hmrs ending &t 1Q & m Thig .g an increase of 987 from yesterday's re cord of new cases and an increase of 463 cases over Tuesday's report. There ha e been 432 additional deaths from influenza. WOMEN RAISED $3,160,300 In the Fourth Liberty Loan Cam paign in Vermont St. Albans, Oct. 24 The total sub scriptions taken by the women's com mittee in the fourth Liberty loan cam paign as tabulated up to the present time show 13,160,300.. Orange county women are leading with a total of $651,200. Rutland county is second with $594,150. Washington county's total wai 8214,500. AMERICAN SHIP FOUNDERS Cargo Velles, Lake Borgne, Strikes Rock Oft France Washington, Oct. 23 Sinking of the American cargo steamship Lake Borgne off the coast of France with out loss of life was announced today bv the naw denartment. The ship I foundered after striking a rock. All the crew were saved. the Allied representatives. THE CASUALTY LIST No Vermonters Among the Casual ties Washington, Oct. 25 The follow ing casualties are reported by the commanding general of the American Expeditionary Forces : Killed in action Died of wounds Died of accident and other causes Died of disease Wounded severely Wounded, degree undetermined Wounded slightly Missing in action Died of aeroplane accident Prisoners Total 21 11 Bradford, Oct. 24 Corporal Philip R. Brooks, who is mentioned in the casualty list as wounded with degree undetermined, is a son of Mr. and Mrs. Wilbur E. Brooks of Bradford. He was a selective service man, one of the first to go from Orange coun ty, having gone to Camp Devens in October, 1917, and there assigned to Battalion F, 302nd Field Artilleryt but after going to France he was transferred to the headquarters com pany of the 327th Infantry. His par ents live in Bradford where Corporal Brooks attended school. He also has a sister living in this village and a -brother who is in the marines.