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THE ALE D ON IAN VOLUME III NUMBER 101 ST. JOHNSBURY, VERMONT SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1918 PRICE TWO CENTS THE GROWTH OF THE AIR PLANE Reach an Altitude of 25,000 Feet and Travel 160 Miles an Hour London, Sept. CO, (Correspondence of The A: :,ociatcd Press) No other development in human history has shown so remarkable results as has flying in the last ten years, says Lord Montagu ofBcaulieu, a British scien tist and i-viation expert. "When the Wright Brothers visit ed Europe ten years ago," he said, "the airplane engines were of 24 horsc power. Today they are 750 hor.se power in some cases, and the airplane's carrying capacity has in creased from about 12G pounds to three and ore-half tons. "Ten thousand feet was then the highest flight. Today we are going 20,000. Ar.u while forty miles an hour was then the highest speed, to day wc are approaching 1G0. "The British army in France began with only 30 planes. I may not give the number today, be it is huge." Long fi'f hts to and from America, for instance would be possible after the war, Lord Montagu said, adding that he himself hoped some day to fly to India. For long-distance flying, however, Iht continued, it would be necessary to evolve a silent engine, for the public would not be willing to take lengthy trips in noisy airplanes. TELEGRAPHERS WANTED Government Wants 720 for Service in France Boston, Oct. 26 The Signal Corps of the Army desires for service in Fiance with the American Expedi tionary Forces, prior to June 30, 1919, 720 bonus Morse telegraph operators. It is contemplated to send these op erators overseas at an average rate of about 100 a month. Qualified operators will be induct ed or enlisted into the service in the grade of Private, subsequent pro motions being entirely dependent up on the ability shown by the individ ual. Opportunities for rapid ad vancement are excellent. All interested bonus Morse tele graph operators are requested to communicate with the Department Signal Officer, Headquarters North eastern Department, 99 Chauncy St., Boston, Mass., outlining their experi ence, and submitting complete in formation relative to their status in the draft, including their serial and order numbers, classifications, and name and location of local board having jurisdiction." CRIME INCREASING Many Thefts in Sweden of Eatables and Drinkables Stockholm, Oct. 26 Police statis tics show a greatly increasing crim inality in Sweden. The number of crimes of all kinds reported in Stock holm during the first six months of the present year was 12,200, as com pared with 6,600 for the same period of 1917. The chief increase was due to thefts, of which thefts of eatables and drinkables formed a large part. THEY SPEAK GERMAN Many of the Swedes Use This Lan guage in Convcrsaiton London, Oct. 26 In Sweden one is disagreeably struck by the number of people who speak German. When asked in English, a Swede, be he a policeman or a civilian, invariably countered in German. At hotels and restaurants few porters and waiters understand or speak English. In book-shops English books and maga zines are few, while German are largely represented. It is different in Norway, English is taught at school, and nearly everybody meets, from the porter at the station to one's neighbor at the dinner table, speaks English fluently. The windows in the book-shops are full of English and American publi cations. The treatment of English-speaking visitors had more of hearty hospital ity and kindliness in Norway than in Sweden. THE WAR WORK CONFERENCE Harvey Buibank was One of the Vermonters Present at This Notable Gathering Boston, Oct. 25 At the big con ference of New Englanders who are to participate in the United War Work campaign, November 11-18, one of the Caledonia county men pre sent was the county chairman of the Victory Boys' division, Supt. Harvey Uurbank of Barnet. Ford hall in Bos ton was tno rallying point for the men from Vermont, Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecti cut and Rhode Island who hope to push New England over the top, and there Sup:. Burbank was privileged to hear home of the most eloquent public speakers in America, men who represent the seven constituent or ganizations of the United War Work Campaign, the Y. M. C. A the National Catholic War Council, (K. of C), the Y. W. C. A., the Sal vation Army, the Jewish Wrelfare Board, the American Library Assoc- intitm and the War Camp Community service. THE SHIP THAT NEVER WENT TO SEA A Castle Used as Naval Barracks a Novel Sight at a French Poit American Naval Base, France, Sept. 28 (Correspondence of The Assorted Press) The "United Stati.'! Carola," a craft that r" "Xr :"L?! gl ound dungt-v" 0 miles of tunnel and a vast hulk'c onry anchored to mother earth, is"vv ythe sights at this port. "V -"S. It is a massive castle S.ng at the waters edge that bears this, strange name. It is an ancient cha-j teau, built COO years ago, in thei Xlllth century, and one of the mar-! vels of Gothic architectural construe- tion. It is used now as the United! States naval barracks, and being put to naval uses, it ws given a naval christening as the U. S. S. Carola. It is no nick-name, but is the accepted title known to all, officers and men. Being christened as a United States ship even the battlements have be come decks. When down in the old dungeon, a sailor guided me upward by saying: "This way, sir, to the main deck." And we climbed up the "hatchway" of crumbling stones to the main "deck," of Gothic masonry 12 feet thick The wav this castle came to be named asa United States warship was this: The United States Carola i in reality a small steam yacht, used during the Spanish wars. It was rather cut of date and was tied up to the castle wall. Here it became very useful in making out requisi tions for supplies needed in the castle. To make a requisition for a castle would seem quite irregular. And so everything was requistioned for the ship Carola, and in that way the castle got its equipment without disturbing any, formalities. SECRETARY BAKER CARRIES A PACK Found a Seventy-Five Pound Load Some Heavy London, Sept. 20 (Correspondence of The Associated Press) Enlisted men of the American Army grinned sympathetically as they watched the American Secretary of War, Newton D. Baker, trudging back ana forth carrying the heavy pack of the Am erican soldier, on his back, when he visited a camp of American soldiers in the Winchester district while in England. The men were "adjusting their cumbersome kits when the Secretary arrived at the camp. "I would like to try one of them," said the Secretary to the sergeant. The Lord Mayor of Winchester, the camp commandant and a group of soldiers all gathered about as Mr. Baker lifted the pack and adjusted it to his shoulders. Then he trudged back and forth two or three times carrying the 70 pound load with a pair of heavy hob-nailed trench boots, swinging from the bottom of the kit, banged his legs. "It's heavy, alright," he comment ed as he unburdened himself, "but not so heavy as the Frenchman's pack. I tried one of them a few days ago and it gave me an addition ad respect for the Frenchman as a soldier." The Secretary made himself at home and was friendly with the sol diers. Everywhere he carried his pipe and several times filled it from some soldiers pouch as he engaged in a casual chat with the men. "The whole country is behind you with everything it possesses," was one of his frequent messages1 to the fight ing men. In the Red Cross hospitals the Secretary went through the wards and had a few cheery words for each of the patients. In some of the camps he dropped in upon the soldiers at mess time and lunched with the big crowd of them in the mess tent besides a little wood land stream. He looked through scores of barracks and living quart ers. He inspected kitchens and spent ten minutes watching soldiers play ing a scrub game of baseball. His inspection of the Red Cross activities was comprehensive. He saw the bathing houses in operation with long lines of rain coated soldiers waiting their turn at the showers. He saw the dental huts, with the Red Cross dentists busy at their work. He vis ited several Red Cross recreation huts and listened to the Red Cx-oss Jass bands at practice. At one camp he found his cous in, Sergeant Harry Chiswell of Cleveland, and chatted with him for ten minutes. Altogether the Secre tary gained an excellent impression of what the American army authori ties have done in preparing comfort able and sanitary camps for the sol diers in the Winchester district, south of London, in preparation for the winter. , A NEW FLAG The Siberian Republic Has a White and Green Emblem Amsterdam, Oct. 2G The latest ad dition to the flags of nations is the standard of the new Siberian repub lic. It is plain white and green, sym- bolizing the country's snowficlds and 'its virgin lorcsts. STOP YOUR CLOCK ON SUNDAY MORNING After That the Country Will Be Back on a Sun-Time Basis DAYLIGHT SAVING A fl?!? A T GITQC VjIVCjill oUvjIJCjOo A1J Raill'Oad Trains Will Wait an HOUI at Station Washington, Oct, 26 All clocks in the United States should stop for one hour at 2 a. m. Sunday morning, Oct. 27, and then again take up the pro cession of the hours. The country will then be back up on a sun-time basis, and finished with its first seven months of day light saving experiment. Some minor difficulty in transportation and in dustry will be involved in this return UUL L e change will mean nothing more han an extl'a huf fleP n morning, a belated return of the 1IW Ul LJ1CV lyjL 1X1 If A CI 1 HI VV llCIi HIC clock hands were jumped forward 60 minutes by act of congress. Practically, clock hands are set forward with less trouble than they are set back, due to the mechanical arrangement of the interiors. The average householder does npt need to be warned but it may be well to un derstand that the best plan will be to stop the clock Saturday night, and start it right again Sunday morning. The telegraph clocks of which there are 50,000 now in operation by the Western Union Company, electrically wound and set will have to be prop erly adjusted by the company's force, which is now planning to do the work on Sunday, except in locations where the users are awake at night them selves, and can be given special keys with which to do the setting. The delicate master clocks which correct the 50,000 every hour will be changed at the same time, as will be the gov ernment's radio and wire-signaling arrangement which is the scientific basis of the time system. Adjusting railroad train move ments proceeding over the time changing period will present the most difficulty. Director General McAdoo has authorized a general or der on the subject, by which trains on the road will continue their pro gress until reaching a station, and there be held one hour. At the same time, the complicated system of train orders and train schedules is such that the railroad administration general order specifically puts it up to local managements to use their own discretion and to protect train movements by other methods, if they find it necessary. At any rate, Sun day morning must find the railroads throughout the five time belts in the United States moving trains on the regular schedule and in the new time, so far as it is possible. Evidently daylight saving was a distinct success, for Chairman Baruch of the War Industries Board asked Congress to extend the hour-ahead system through the coming winter. The senate unanimously passed a bill j to enact his recommendation into law but the bill died in the house. Senator Calder, who fathered the law has declared that extra daylight saved $2,000,000 in gas bills for tile people. The Food Administration es timated that on the seven-month ba sis 1,125,000 tons of coal had been saved, to relieve possible winter shortage. Definite reports from St. Louis said consumption of coal had dropped 17.5 tons per thousand pop ulation. These estimates were worked out by comparing the coal consumption of central stations with previous years, to determine how much less electrical energy and gas for light ing had been utilized. These were the demonstrable fea tures, and enthusiasts for the day light saving plan placed no limit on the extra health and enjoyment of life secured by the masses of people who found themselves free to use the out doors under the sun for an extra hour after concluding work. Charles Lathrop Pack, head of the national war garden commission, as serts that the crop from the home plots this year is worth $525,000,000.. an increase of 51 per cent over the 1917 results, and gives much credit to the evening daylight hour for the re sult. ANARCHISTS SENTENCED Had Been Urging Munition Workers to Strike New York, Oct. 25 Five avowed anarchists, convicted of circulating anti-government literature which in cluded pamphlets urging" workers in munition factories to strike, were sentenced to the federal penitentiary. They were given 20 years, one wo man was sentenced to 15 years, and a third who turned state's evidence received a sentence of three years. TRYING TO HELP THE COAL SHORTAGE Vermont Will Only Get Three Fourths of the Anthracite It Had Last Year Montpelier, Oct. 26 H. J.. M. Jones the State Fuel Administrator, has sent the following letter to all coal dealers and local fuel commit tees in the state: Instructor No. 47, from this office direct "any dealer having coal on hand or enroute, to fill, to an extent not exceeding one-third, the needs of any coalless patron of any other local dealer who has no coal on hand or enroute," etc. This offer has been disregarded by some dealers and in consequence some consumers are. suffering for the want ofd coal. These dealers seem to con sider ths applications for coal as or ders which they seem to consider the ders which they alone should fill. The allotment of coal is to the Community and its distribution is under the con trol of the Fuel Committee. It is de sired that dealers supply their regular trade so far as possible, but a dealer having an excess of coal at this time should no" object to supplying the im mediate needs of another dealer who has not been so fortunate in obtain ing coal vT.d Local Fuel Committees must exact full compliance with the order referred to. Action has- been taken to correct the disproportionate distribution of coal both to dealers and communities, but it has been found difficult to se cure prompt results. Communities which have received more than their quota due them up to this time must not expect that coal will continue to flow to them in such volume, shipments in most cases have now been slewed up, and it is certain that a con muni ty will receive no more coal during the year than has been allotted to it. Therefore, the coal on hand should be carefully and equitably distributed; otherwise some one may suffer before spring. Do not oevrlook the fact that Ver mont h to have only about three fourths of the amount of Anthracite coal which it had last year. Communities which have not re ceived thj tonnage due will have first consideration. Shipments to these points havf- been speeded up and it is hoped that all places will soon have their just proportion of the coal ship ped into this state. If conditions are now serious, dealers can obtain some "Emergency Coal," provided for such cases. Shipment1! of Anthracite were to be made in equal monthly, installments during the coal year and therefore, one-half of the coal should have been shipped by October 1st, and any com munity reviving coal at this rate has no cause fqi- complaint, and if the coal is properly distributed, no one should be in urgent need. It will rot be possible to supply every consumer with the size of coal he prefers and some must use egg in stead of stove. The fact that some dealers have a stock of egg size should rot lead consumers to believe that there will be plenty of stove and nut coal later. It is the duty of the Local Fuel Commitee to see that every consum er who cannot use other fuel be pro vided with some coal. It is also in cumbent upon them to show the con sumers the necessity for conserva tion and for using wood and other fuels, to supplement our limited sup ply of Anthracite of usual sizes. Par ticular attention should be drawn to the use of No. 1 Buckwheat, which can be had in addition to our allot ment. "NO BUYING FROM AMERICA' That Will Be Germany's Policy After the War Amsterdam, Sept. 29, (Correspon dence of The Associated Press) "No buying from America if it can possibly be avoided," must be the German watch-word after the war, is the assertion of the Renish Westphal ian Gazette, an important German in dustrial organ. The reason given by the paper is that, before the war, the balance Of trade between the United States and Germany was against Ger many 6 the extent of nearly 1,000, 000,000 marks a year. Germany im ported from the United States goods to the value of 1,711,000,000 marks. Dividends on German holdings of American securities, in addition, hel ped to pay the bill for goods bought in America. "How could we possibly meet a still further increased debit balance," asks the paper in despair. "We had to realize our American securities to pay for raw materials while the Unit ed States was still neutral, to meet demurrage on our ships held in Am erican porte." , The conclusion seems inevitable to the QQjL&Xe that Germany must so curtail her cotton and copper impoi'ts from the United States that they do j not exceed, or only slightly exceed, her own exports of fertilizers, dyes, chemicals, etc. The rest of Ger many's erstwhile imports from Am erica, it says, can and must, be strick en off the list. , "Our imports of American agricul tural machinery must cease," says the writer. The openings offered in Rus sia, Rumania and the Balkans are so great that wc must push our own ma chinery there with all our might." REMODELING GOES ON State House Renovation Advancing Rapidly Rooms Ready Soon Montpelier, Oct. 24 Wtrk on the remodeling of that portion of the State House which was used by the court and State Library is advancing well now and the rooms will be ready for occupancy shortly, so that the sec retary of state can move into the suite of offices on the ground floor. The other rooms have not been as signed. There was a rumor that the district bcai-d, food and fuel adminis trations are to occupy a portion of thes pace, but in view of the fact that W. F. Scot!? and Benjamin Gates of the board of control were appointed by the beard of control recently to direct those commissions and vacate their rooms by December 1 to find rooms outis'de the-State House, there seemed to be little ground for it. TOOK A WHOLE TRAIN Airmen Bombed the Track and the . Cavalry Did the Rest With the British Army in France, (Correspondence of The Associated Press), Sept. 21 Cavalry operations in conjunction with bombing air planes is one of the war's innova tions. In one case an aviator sig nalled tho.1 he had spotted a train bringing up German reinforcements. He made for it and dropped a bemb 200 yards &head of the locomotive de molishing the track. Then he per formed the same feat just behind the train, isolating it. The cavalry dash ed up before the Germans could get away, and captured every last man f i t oi mem. An officer telling of the incident re marks thac it resembled an American film play with the road-agents lining up their victims against the cars with their hands high in the air. USED AMBULANCE Germans Had It Full of Ammunition and It Bore Geneva Red Cross With the Allied Armies in France and Belgium, Oct. 25 The British army has now obtained absolute proof that the Germans are violating the rules of civilized warfare in respect to the use of the Red Cross, as had for some time been suspected. In yes terday's operations the Fifth Army captured a German ambulance which, engaged in carrying ammunition, bore zhe Geneva Red Cross. This vehicle was found to be loaded with explosives and the capture was con sidered so important that sentries were immediately posted to make cer tain that no one touched it until photographs of it could be taken for future reierence. WANT A REPUBLIC Socialists Make a Demonstration Front of the Reichstag m Paris, Oct. 25 Enormous crowds, gathered before the Reichstag build ing in Berlin, demanded the abdica tion of the Kaiser and the establish ment of a republic, according to L'Information today. The crowds had collected to pay tribute to Earl Liebknecht, the Soc ialist leader, recently released after a long imprisonment for political op position to the German government, according to dispatches received by the newspaper from Zurich. After frenziedly acclaiming Lieb knacht, the people hoisted him into a vehicle filled with flowers. Amid wild cheers, Liebknecht de clared : "The people's hour has arrived." THE CLOCKS WILL STOP Test of Daylight Saving Completed Sunday Morning Washington, Oct. 26 At 2 o'clock Sunday morning the United States will have completed its test of day light saving, and at that hour the clocks of the Naval Observatory will be stopped one hour, as well as oth er agencies by which time is regulat ed. By order of Director General McAdoo at the same time all rail road trains in the United States will stop, remain motionless for one hour, and then proceed. CANDY RATIONS FOR OUR SOLDIERS "Every soldier in the American Ex peditionary Force," says thefi Stars and Stripes in its latest edition, "will receive a half pound of candy every ten days as a part of his ration. "The ration will include chocolates and hard candies of pure sugar, and is now being made in factories oper ated in France." This is only "one of the many evi dences that Uncle Sam isendeavoring to do everything possible for the wel fare of the American soldiers. Allies Continue Their Advances All Along the Line British Gain Near Valenciennes and Americans Gain East and West of the Meuse ITALIANS ON NORTHE RN FRONT START AN OFFENSIVE AGAINST THE AUSTRIANS German Newspapers Not Satisfied with President's Latest Note, but Believe it is a Step Nearer Peace Prices Advance on Berlin Stock Exchange As the Allies in Belgium and France continue suc cessfully to storm the stubbornly defended German lines, the Italians on the northern front have begun an offensive against the Austrians. The British have been smashing their way eastward between Valenciennes and Lequesnoy, while further south the French are forcing the enemy from a pocket between the Oise and Serre rivers. The Americans have made further gains east and west of the Meuse. The Turkish minister to Switzerland, says a Berne despatch to the London Daily Mail, has handed the British and French ministers to that country an offer of peace virtually amounting to surrender. A despatch from Zurich says that Prince Frederick Lobkoftz and Baron Nadernhy, representing the strong est anti-German tendencies at Vienna, have left the Aus trian capital charged with a message concerning which no details' are given out. This information is published in a Vienna paper. An Amsterdam despatch says that although the Ger man newspapers are not satisfied with the President's latest note many of them declare it means progress to wards peace. This feeling was also reflected on the Ber-. lin stock exchange in their operations Friday as there was a notable advance in prices. French troops in Flanders have crossed the Lys Canal .and --captured-the- Deynze-Courtrai road, between Pete ghem and Olsen, a front of about three miles. The German war office has announced, according, to a despatch received in London, that the enemy destruction of places in the lowlands of the Scheldt is continuing, that i the British artillery have been shelling Tournai, and the faght of the population is increasing. From the same source information comes that the Allies have continued their attacks in the Morava valley in Serbia. FORESTS DESTROYED Thousands of Acres Cut up by the Germans.in Poland Amsterdam, Oct. 2G Irretrievable damage has been wrought by the Germans in the forests of Poland, asserts Professor Mazosevitch at Cracow. In WTarsaw province alone, the German governor has confiscated one-third of the forest lands within his jurisdiction, or more than 500, 000 acres. Lithuania and White Russia have suffered even more, es pecially the virgin forests of Bialo vicz, which cover an area of 320,000 acres and are estimated to be worth $200,000,000. These forests have now been cut up by the Gei-mans. ROOSEVELT'S COMMENT Most Lamentable Appeal to Politics Ever Made by a President Dur 'ing Great War Oyster Eay, N. Y., Oct. 25 Com menting txnight on President Wil son's appjal to the people to return a Democratic Congress, in the Nov ember elections if they approve of his course, Colonel Roosevelt said: "The President's statement is an announcement that he is a partisan leader first and President of all the people second. "It is, )i course, the repudiation of one of his former statements to. the effect that politics was adjourned a statement which, of course, he has already repudiated by his action. "I have no comment just at this moment, tut I will deal with the mat ter in a speech after I have had time to read the document, wrhich all good Americans will regard as the most lamentable appeal to politics ever made by a President during a great war which has been heartily support ed by all good citizens without re gard to party, but which so far as there have been party differences at all has been more heartily supported by his political opponents than by his political friends." MAJOR KILLED Camp Lewis, Tacoma, Wash., Oct. 25 Major Alexander P. Cronkhite, son of Major-General A. Cronkhite, in command of the 80th division, now in France, accidently shot himself in camp today with an automatic pistol and died within two minutes. THE CASUALTY LIST No Vermonters Among the Casual ties The following casualties are re ported by the comamnding general of the American Expeditionary Forc es: Killed in action 5 Died of disease 12 Wounded severely 31 Wounded (degree undetermined) 130 Wounded slightly 27 Missing in action 0 Total 211 Marine Casualties The following casualties are reported by the commanding general of the American Expeditionary Forces: Killed in action 1 Died of wounds received in ac tion J Died of disease 17 Wounded in action (severely) 3 Missing in action 15 Total 41 REPUBLICANS REPLY President's Statement Them Electrifies Washington, Oct. 2G The Presi dent's action electrified republicans at the capital, who issued a formal reply in the name of the party lead ers in the Senate and House and the chairmen of the Senate and House Republican congressional cam paign committees. The Republican statement, declar ing the minority party in Congress had supported the administration pol icies since the war with an unanimity and an absence of criticism unpre cedented in party history, pointed to the record as proof. The war, the Republican statement contends, is not the President's "per sonal war," nor the war of Congress nor of a party, but of the American people, and declares "the Republican party, representing more than half the citizenship of the country, de mands its rightful share" in the bur dens and responsibilities it imposes. "If given a majority in either or both Houses," the leaders said, the Republican party would drive for ward the war and hasten victory, and would "check the waste now going on of money given by the nation.