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E EVEI JL. VOLUME lit NUMBER 102 ST. JOHNSBURY, VERMONT MONDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1918 PRICE TWO CENTS NG A EBON IAN CATCHING FROGS IN ' THE JERSEY FLATS Boys Earn Much Money and Have Some Sport Along tli "J Morris and Essex Canal, "somewheie in New Jersey," the boys have found a way to earn their guns and fish-pcles without doing much work, or spending any money to make the amount needed. They' catch frogs and sell the hind legs in the Paterso'i rvaikets, getting from forty to eighty cents a pound' for them. Sort of hard on the frogs, but the "natives" claim they can sleep now, even if the mosquitoes are a bit worse. The methods of getting the frogs vary with the boy, writes Gayne T. K. Norton, in the American Forestry Magazine of Washington. Some, the prosperous ones, who have been in the business more than a single season, use a 22 caliber rifle, shooting B. B. caps; others, less fortunate, use the time honored bent-pin-and-red flannel system. Some prefer a canoe paddle, while a few are partial to the bean-shooter. The youngsters old enough to be "allowed out after dark" get "the big croakers" the prize; a lantern or elec tric flashlight with a forked stick is the best in this case. Or course, they are barefooted and once in a while it happens that a swamp black snake gets in the way of the stick, but money-mad boys don't mind a little thing like this. If a stray 'coon or 'possum happens along he is also bag ged and the night is doubly profita ble. The "day workers" do not get a chance at the 'coon and 'possum, but they even things up by snaring an occasional pickerel or two. They get goodsized fellows that are readily sold with their hands, too, but at a cost of patience only a boy with an idea possesses. They wade kneedeep into the water, squat down, with both hands submerged, palms up, and wait. Many fresh water fish do not mind being touched on the underside they arc constantly rubbing against the bottom of the stream, so are used to the sensation. When Mr. Pickerel comes along and stops dead still, fac ing the cm re nt, a strong brown hand is slyly rdipped under him. The hand grips sometimes water and comes up with the prize. But the fish is slip pery, .ind if he is not immediately thrown well upon the bank he will flop. Tlu sides of the canal arc steep, and of slippery clay. The grab for the fish is disconcerting, and likely ib' not the fisherman will lose his' "toe-hold," wildly wave his, arms, fall with a splash, and come up Ash less, so even if grabbed the fish has a run for its freedom. Who wouldn't be a boy again and catch frogs and things, and have a goal, a gun or a fish-pole, to be work ed for and anticipated? THE NEXT DRIVE Bishop Lawrence on the United War Work Campaign Boston, Oct. 27 "The soldier's social and moral welfare is a unit in purpose" stated the Right Reverend William Lawrence, Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, "and its support should be a unit in program." Bishop Lawrence, one of the coun try's foremost war workers, is bend ing every effort to speed the drive of the Unrci War Work campaign, the union of the seven big welfare organ izations suggested by President Wil son. "The activities of the Y. M. C. A., the Knighcs of Columbus, the War Camp Community and the rest," con tinued the pi elate, "overlap each oth er and mrlt into each other. Why then should each and all have a sep arate campaign? Why not unite in one campaign with a single slogan? "Then the representatives of each association will nct, as in former cam paigns, have to describe the limita tions of their work and confuse peo ple's mind? with what appears to be an intricate problem, but will present the work as a whole, laying emphas is on that special part which the re presentative knows best and in which he or she has the keenest interest. "The people of the country are now accustomed to big thoughts and big figure?:. The united campaign for the soldier gives them both." AVIATOR KILLED Burlinqjton Boy Lost His Life October 2nd on (Special to The Caledonian) Tliulinftri.. Oct. 28 Lieut. Frodoi ick B. Ha:.na, a young son of Mr. and Mrs. T. B. Hanna of this city, was killed in Fiance in an aeroplane ac cident on October 2, according to a message received by his parents from the war department. He was an av iation pilot. He was born at Deni son, Tcx.n, May 27, 1897, but came to Burlington when a boy. He at tended the local high school and was graduated in the class of 1911. He entered service in July, 1917, and trained in the aviation section at Princeton University. He sailed for overseas a year ago. The last letter from him was written on September 2, and at that time he was in the Toul rector. Besides lis parents, he is survived by an elder brother, T. B. Hanna, Jr., of Boston, f.nd two sisters, the Misses Charlotte rnd Mary Hanna of this city.. PROHIBITION PARTY APPEAL TO VOTERS The Goal for Which They Have Striven Now Nearly in Sight Montpeiier, Oct. 28 TheN State Prohibition party have issued the fol lowing appeal to voters: It lias been a principle of the pro hibition ptity to only name members of its own partj? for public office. This year, the goal "for which the party had striven for nearly a half century was in sight; the national prohibition amendment to the cons titution of the United States, and the party was ready to clasp hands with any one who was ready to support that amendment. It is to come before our Legisla ture in January next for ratification and we are ready to support men of either great party for the Legislature who are sol'dly for the amendment. It transpired, that the Republicans, with the neighborly assistance of local option democrats, found them selves in unavoidable possession of a candidate for governor, not the ex pressed choice of a majority of the republican voters at the primary; 7104 move votes having been cast for the candidate for governor than for the candidate or candidates for any other. state office on the republican ballot. This candidate for governor is said not to have, at all- times in past years, acted in strict harmony with the re- j mittee nol; being one formed by leg publican party in the state. islative en.-ictment, depends on pub He is the declared opponent of the lie contributions for support in. this, national piohibition amendment and as in many other states, advocate of legalizing the drink evil Last year the committee . spent by way of the local option method. $6000. The largest part was paid out We have never seen republicans "pint with pride" to him as a con spicuous example of party loyalty and exponent of republican princip les. The balance of the candidates for state offices on the republican ticket were said to be mainly for the amend ment and, so far as they were for it, were acceptable to the prohibition party, and, after consultation with some of them, all but one were plac ed on the prohibition ticket, no op position having been made. We were urged, on grounds of ex pediency, tj adopt the head of the ticket also. The arguments therefor were very friendly, adroit and inter esting but as we did not know a man in the stats less representative of our principles,, we-. nominated the demo cratic candidate for governor, Dr; William B. Mayo, of NorthfLold, who. had openly declared himself for the national prohibition amendment. Subsequently, after a conference of the leading republican nominees, the the republicans named on our ticket, exercising their undoubted right un der the lav, notified the secretary of i state tnat tney elected to appear on the republican ballot only, and the prohibition ticket was then filled, be low the governor, was tried, true and capable mti of the prohibition party and now stands as follows: For Governor, Wiliam B. Mayo of Northfield; Lieut.-Gov., John M. Per ham of St. Johnsbury; State Treas urer, Scott M. Farnum of Lyndon ville; Secretary of State, Chauncy E. Beeman of St. Albans; Auditor of Accounts, Stedman C. Wheeler of Waterbury. Our platform stands for the na tional prohibition amendment; win ning the var; equal suffrage; uniform marriage and divorce laws ; with some less prominent planks and for an am endment to the primary law so no party will again, by the assistance of members of a sister party, find itself in such a "fix" as the republicans find thems-elvcs this year, thus com- pelling many loyal, republicans to openly declare: "I shall vote for Mayo." LIVER AND BACON The Federal Food Administration Says They Cannot be Served Together , Montpeiier, Oct. 28 Under the new regulations governing 1 hotels, restaurants, and other public eating houses which require that not more than one kind of meat shall be serv ed a customer at a meal, Federal Food Administrator Frank H. Brooks has handed down a decision in the famous liver and bacon con troversy, decreeing that a separation must be made between these two well known companions. In other words, liver and bacon cannot be served together. "Decision was al- j requested as to bacon and eggs and ham and eggs and Mr. Brooks rules that they may be served in combination. Similar rulings have been made in other states. It appears that owing to a mis leading headline in a Boston paper, some Vcrmonters have the impres sion that- in Massachusetts two pounds of sugar per person may bel purchased each week. Administrator Brooks said today that such an im pression is wrong, that the sugar li mitation to two pounds a month is in force all over the country and that all other Americans arc under the same limitation as Vermontcrs. That there may be no misunder standing, Mr. Brooks again emphasiz ed that no crackers or bread and butter could be served in public eat ing houses unless especially ordered i Ly the customer. PUBLIC SAFETY COM. ASKS TOWN FOR ITS QUOTA t Four Hundred Dollars Nec- and Twenty Men v or.. 9 mon hovi an , 'Ull.il -1.JLU T V Ox FOUR DAY'S Div BEGINS TwAY Judge Harland B. Howe and Mrs. A. W. Fline at Head of this Organization The Vermont Committee of Public Safety appointed by the Governor has been doing a splendid work. Have you been keeping in touch with same? Do you know that St. Johnsbury has the honor of having one of its citizens at the head of this organiza tion? Judge Lcighton P. Slack is the chairman of the Vermont Committee. This committee needs funds to carry on its war activities which are so many and varied that all are more or less familiar with them. The com in the food production campaign, car ried on by the boys and girls. In re turn the beys and girls . raised over -$200,000 worth of crops. The com mittee has renewed and is extending its efforts in this direction for this season, with the assurance that the Green Mountain Guard will easily produce food supplies worth half a million. This will release an equal amount foi' use cither at home or abroad. Did you know that 30,000 boys and girls enrol.' cd last year in this cam paign? That they raised 65,000 bush els of potatoes, 7,000 bushels of beans and 75,000 bushels of other garden vegetables? Did you know that 50,000 quarts of vegetables and fruits were canned by these young people? Vermont leads in the amount of food produced by her boys-, and girls. Help The Green Mountain Guard to double their efforts next year. ' The committee is active along many other lines of war work. One other activitv 1 the establishment of a ! bureau to assist farmers to get farm help. Transportation is also receiv ing attention, as is industrial educa tion. The following is the list of towns that have paid their quotas: Groton $ M.M Kirby Lyndon Ryegatc Walden Following is list have not yet paid. St. Johnsbury Hardwick Barnet Burke Danville Newark Peacham Sheffield Stannard 12.77 v 137.77 51.34 31.78 of towns which $348.22 137.64 73.40 50.87 C7.25 17.81 j 33.41 29.71 8.8fi 30.57 - 37.04 21.50 i Sutton Waterfo id j W'heelock Judge Harland B. Howe, member of Public Safety Committee, has been appointed to raise the county's quota of $1103. At a meeting Sunday afternoon called by Judge Howe, it was decided to solicit funds for meeting St. Johns bury's quota of $400 in the state's allotment. Because of the many urgent re quests for money, it was voted to ask for only $2 from a subscriber. This means we must have 200 subscribers. The solicitors in the different districts will begin to complete the drive in four days. Have your $2 ready. Following is the list of solicitors, for men: P. B. Scribner, Carl Hovey, Fred Foan, James Cosgrove, Harold Abbott, John Somerville, W. A. Ide, F. G. Eundy, S. A. Moore, A. G. Sprague, D. Trombly. The subscribers for women are: Mrs. B. B. Scribner, Mrs. Stephen Carpente", Miss Josephine Lougee, Mrs. Kate Cowles, Mrs. Robert Ward, Mrs. David S. Conant, Mrs. C. W. Steele, Mrs. Z. S. Waterman, Miss Mary J Nelson, Miss Bertha Lee, Mrs. C. J. Wrark, Mrs. Arthur Olcott. U. V. M. OPENING Date Postponed Until Thursday, November 7 (Special to The Caledonian) Burlington, Oct. 28 The Univer sity of Vc-mont has again postponed its openirg, setting the date now for Wednesday, Nov. 7, instead of Wed nesday, Oct. 30. This is due to the fact that the ban on gatherings is expected to extend until November 4. There are nu new cases of influenza at the University war schools, where the situation is much better than in the city proper. AVIATORS WANTED IN AMERICAN ARMY Requirements are High but the Ser vice is Fascinating Boston, Oct. 28 The flying ser vice, of the army has again been opened to civilian applicants through the Aviation Examining Board. Men 18 to 21 years of age, who are not enlisted in any branch of military service and who have not been in ducted into the Students' Army Training Corps may apply for train ing as Airplane Pilot or Airplane Ob-sei-ver. Older men who were regis tered before last September, who are under 31, and who are not liable to full military service in Class 1-A are also eligible to these positions. In the case of Aerial Observers the age limit may be extended to 35. For balloonist men up to 45 may apply. The restrictions under the draft are the same as for the Pilot and Observ er in the Airplane. The Balloonist is either an Observer, whose duty it is to report positions and movements of the enemy and to direct gun fire, or a maneuvering officer. Tho man euvering officer cares for the equip ment, transports and controls the bal loon and directs the defensive fire of the Balloon Company. Men whose applications are ac cepted and" who are recommended by the examining board are inducted through their local boards and sent to "ground" and "flying" schools for their training. Those who success fully complete their preparation and pass their flying test receive the Sec ond Lieutenant's commission. The requirements for the Air Ser vice are high. To be an acceptable candidate for flying or ballooning, a man should have had, at the very least, such an educational founda tion as is represented by the. standard course of four years at high school, a good command of the English language and an elementary knowl edge of gasoline engines. Active ser vice in the air calls for courage, cool judgment, resolution, persistence, alertness, adaptability and resource fulness in difficulty. Mature men of soldierly bearing with some practical engineering knowledge with an ex perience in business or a profession and with a capacity for sound and in dependent judgment in matters of importance are especially needed as Manouvering Officers in the Balloon service. Men who regard themselves as fit ted for flying or for the balloon ser vice may apply to Captain Bentley, president Aviation Examining Board at 755 Boylstori street, Boston. All inquiries made by mail should contain a careful statement of the age, education, training and special aptitude of the person seeking an' ex amination. MILITARY WEDDING It Occurred in March and Husband Was Killed in France Burlington, Oct. 28 Something of a sensation was caused here by the publication of the marriage of Lieut. Guy N. Chamberlin to Miss Doro thy Davis at Washington, D. C, last March 20. Lieutenant Chamberlin was killed in France last month while in command of a squadron of tanks. The fact that he had married be fore going overseas was not known to any one in this city, although it dcvelopes now that an account of the wedding appeared in a Washington newspaper. Not even his mother and sisters in this city were awars of the wedding, although no reason for the secrecy is known here. i Chamberlin was commissioned at the first Plattsburg Camp and then assigned to the 2nd Cavalry at Fort Ethan Allen. Later he was transfer red to Fort Myer, Va., and it is sup posed that while there he met Miss Dorothy Davis, their marriage oc curring last March 20. His bride was not notified of his death, and knew nothing of it until she saw it in a t i 1 j - -- TT ' casualty list in newspapers. xiis mother here, was however notified "ECONOMY EFFICIENCY An Attractive Campaign Booklet Is sued by the Republican State Committee Montpeiier Oct. 28 The republi can -state committee has issued a timciy and valuable booklet which it is distributing to the voters of the state. The book has been given the title "Economy Efficiency." In the foreword an explanation is made as to the reason why no republican con vention was held and an appeal is made to the voters to go to the polls and cast their ballots for the full ticket on Tuesday, November 5. Pic tures of all the candidates are pre sented in the book together with a brief sketch of each of the nominees. A declaration of principles prepared and endorsed by the nominees on the ticket is presented. This insofar as it may will take the place of a plat form which would have been adopted by the convention in case it had been held. The booklet is conveniently arrang ed and will prove a valuable cam paign document. It is to be mailed to all voters but extra copies may be had by addressing the Republican State Committee, Montpeiier, Vermont. HAYES SENDS MESSAGE To the Republicans of Vermont Montpeiier, Oct. 27 "The prob lems of reconstruction press upon us for solution. Some of them no man can foresee, others are apparent to all. We must not wait, until the pro cesion of disasters has passed by. Republican, in the case of recon struction, as always heretofore in the presence cf vast constructive needs, will anticipate every possible contin gency of storm and stress, will make tight every compartment of the ship of state and doubly insure its voyage into the coming unknown." On Saturday Mason S. Stone, re publican candidate if or lieutenant governor, lri charge of the headquart ers of the Republican State Commit tee in this city, received a telegram from Will H. Hayes, chairman of the national republican committee, in which the above ringing sentences ap peal'. The complete telegram from Mr. Hayes is applicable to the conditions that prevail in Vermont. Briefly, but succinctly, the national chairman sounds the tocsin to all republicans to stand by the nominees of the party and give them the full party vote, which in this state means a rousing majority and an endorsement of the party's principles. Vermont can set a glowing example of loyalty and patriotism on Tuesday, November 5, by giving to the republican state ticket tho full vote of the party. GERMANY ANSWERS PRES. WILSON'S NOTE Says That Government Now Rests With the People Copenhagen, Oct. 27, (By the As sociated Press) Germany's answer to iT resident Wilson's latest communi cation says :' . , . ''The German ; government has taken cognizance of the answer i of the President of the United States. "The President is aware of the far reaching changes which have been carried out and are being carried out in the German constitutional struct ure and that peace negotiations arc being conducted by a people's gov ernment in whose hands rests, both actually and constitutionally, the i power to make the deciding conclus ions. "The military powers arc also sub ject to it. "The German government now awaits proposals for an armistice, which sh?.ll be the first step toward a just peace, as the President has de scribed it in his proclamation. (Signed) "SOLF" SHOT AND KILLED Warren Farmer Shot by Neighbor , for Stealing Wood Montpeiier, Oct. 27 Oscar Heath of Warren died at a hospital here tu day from .wounds alleged tojhave been inflicted by George Greenslit near Heath's home last Thursday night. Greenslit is under arrest and an autopsy will be held tomorrow. When brought in here Heath told the authorities that he had discover ed Greenslit stealing wood from his farm, and that when he had tried to prevent him from carrying it off Greenslit shot him. HOW "K. OF K." WAS KILLED The Czarina Betrayed Lord Kitch- ener to the uermans New York, Oct. 28 The former Czarina of Russia was directly re sponsible for the death of Lord Kit chncr, according to Henry W. Mapp, head of the Salvation Army in Rus sia, whfj has just returned here from that country. Mapp declared today that a tele gram from the Czarina's apartment in the winter palace at Petrograd to the Kaiser at Potsdam betrayed Kit chener, according to Henry W. Mapp, doed his ship off the Orkneys as he started on a mission to Russia. Mapp asserted that all Allied War plans that came to the knowledge of the Russian empress were, immediate ly passed along to Berlin and that only the Russian revolt saved the Allied cause from disaster through her treachery. Daylight saving does not worry the people of Alaska, according to a re cent report. On June 21, last year, they stalled a base ball game at 9 o'clock in the evening. Saving day light is rot a vital matter in the northern territory during the summer A man can work 1G hours a day if he wants to. WEATHER Local rains and cooler tonight and Tuesday. Austria Says She is Willing and Ready to Talk Peace and Have an Immediate Armistice After Intense Fight ing on the Piave the Italians Were Driven Back Many Germans Killed in Street Riots EMPEROR SAYS HE HA ABDICATING Gen. Debcney's Persistent Attacks Have Broken the River Line Between the Present Front and the Meuse Rumors that von Hindenburg Has Also Resigned London British troops on Sunday repulsed deter mined German effort to drive them from Famars, south of Valenciennes, is reported by Field Marshal Haig. Emperor William has no intention of abdicating but is willing if it is for the good of the people to ordain that his rights shall be ref ramed. The Emperor is said to ha ve remarked "I will not abandon my sorely tried people but if . necessary I am ready to become something like Hereditary President of the German republic or like the kings of England or Belgium." . Germans holding Serre on the Oise front are in re treat and' the wrhole line between Chateau Porcien and Armonne is-in danger of being turned. Amsterdam Austria in her reply to President Wil son accepts all the views expressed by President Wilson in his note of October 19. Austria says she is. willing and ready without awaiting results of , the other negotiations to negotiate peace and immediate armistice on all Austria and Hungarian fronts. . : V ' Persistent,, attacks of Gen. Debeney's indefatigable infantry has broken the river line which is the last, water line commanded by. the enemy between the present front and the Meuse. . . . . A despatch from Zurich says that reports that Field Marshal, von Hindenburg has resigned are printed in the German newspapers. One paper says he has resigned, but that Emperor William has not decided whether to accept his resignation or not. The Frankfort Gazette says he has not resigned, though reports to that effect are being cir culated by the Pan-Germans. Washington German government's reply to the President's latest note,1 asserting that negotiations for peace are being conducted by the 'people's government with actual and constitutional powrer and that terms for an armistice from America and Allies are awaited, reached the Swiss legation today by cable. Vienna Between Brenta and Piave intense fighting continued throughout Saturday was officially announced. , Enemy airplanes and one balloon were brought down by American aviators in a brigade with the British from Sept. 9 to Sept. 22. Gen. March told the Senate military committee Sat urday that the total world's shipping tonnage is only sev en per cent less than at the beginning of the war. The A k-, ,.t J . Jl 11 Jl t 1 muKL ican tuxmage in me meantime naa more man aouo led. Summarizing the situation on the western front Gen. March said that the Germans had evacuated or been driv en from 7000 square miles of territory since July 18 and that 400 square miles had been freed the past week. All the coal fields of northern France have been re-conquered except a five mile tract where the Allied advance is now being pressed near the Belgian border. He also announced that five American corps and division commanders, who have been actively engaged in France, are returning to the United States for 'important assignments. London General Ludendorff has resigned as First Quartermaster General because military authorities were placed under civilian control. The retiring General has returned to great Headquarters to take leave of the Army and Field Marshal von Hindenburg, who remains chief of the Army. THE CASUALTY LIST Three Vcrmonters Among the Casualties Washington, Oct. 28 The follow ing casualties are reported by the commanding general of the American Expeditionary Forces: Killed in action Died of wounds Died of accident and other causes Died of disease -Wounded severely Wounded degree undetermined Wounded slightly Missing in action Prisoners Died )t acre-plane accident 280 170 11 2:5!) 177 m 148 f. 10 Total 1886 S NO INTENTION OF MIGHT BE PRESIDENT Total Number of Casualties to Date Including Those Reported Above Killed in action (including 21)3 at sea) 10,574 Died of wounds v 3,787 Died of disease 3,220 Died of (.-cuient and other ? causes . 1,150 Wounded in action 32.10.J Missing in action (including pris oners) 0,040 Total Died of disease, Willina-tnn. 56,870 Leuo, llarry II. Djed from accident and other caus es, Arthur Y. Jeflc.rds, Topsham. Woundf-4 fslighlly in action, Dwiht I'lieJps, Miltou.