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ft" THE EVENING CALEDONIAN, MONDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1918 PAGE FIVE Si THE STATE'S WORK SEPTEMBER REPORTS OF DEPARTMENTS Quarterly Financial Summary of the r i State's Business - t m i - ii - TABLE OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR ENDINd JUNE 30, "AND AMOUNTS EXPENDED DURING FIRST QUARTER ENDING OC TOBER 1, 1918. .Note: In addition to the Appropriation) listed in column one certain ad ditional revenues pledged to particular purposes will be arailable in the cas of the starred items. -Appropriation for ATailable for year Administration . of Justice .............385,000.00 Agriculture and Forestry 45,000.00 Auditor of Accounts 10,000.00 Brattleboro Retreat 61,000.00 Board of Conrol 2,500.00 Board of Health 42,000.00 Bounties 2,000.00 Board of Pharmacy 750.00 Claims under No. 27 Acts 191.S ,. ... 1,000.00 Charities and Probation ........ 10,000.00 Commission or Uniform State Laws 700.00 Commissioner of Industries 10,000.00 : Commissioner' tf Taxes ; 10,000.00 Diseases of Plants 25,000.00 Deceased Veterans and Widows 8,000.00 Delegates ,...y .2,000.00 Director of Slate Institutions 4,500.00 Deserted Families 500.00 Experiment Station 4,150.00 Engineer 8,000.00 Executive Department 8,600.00 Education ' ...I... 220,000.00 Free Public Library Commission 7,500.00 Geologist and Curator J... 2,500.00 Hospital 155,000.00 House of Correction 33.000.00 Historical Society ' 1.000.00 Highways Bridge Fund '..'.. ... 25,001.00 Highways , 2C0.0oo.00 Industrial Scnool 60,000.00 Indigent Vetcrana 12,000.00 Investigation Water Resources . . 1,200.00 Interest 50,000.00 Insurance Commissioner 7,000.00 Liquor Licence Commissioners 5,000.00 Live Stock Commissioner 65.000.00 Legislative Reference Bureau : 3,500.00 Legislative Expenses 125.000.00 Middlebury College 28,800.00 Military 60,000.00 Military Special (Amt. available July 1) .. .. .411,968.49 Norwich University 20.000.0ft Public Service Commission 12,000.00 Public Printing 30,000i) Purchasing Agent 5,500.00 Pensions .. ' 320.00 Remodeling State House (Amt. available July 1) .. 25.S03.22 Supervision of Insane 2.000.00 Soldiers'' Home '. 18.000.00 State Prison 53.0OO.00 fctate School of-Agriculture 15,000.00 ,-School for Feeble-minded 40,000.00 .'gTjjt Verm out vs. New Hampshire 10.O0n.0O 6jtte Fair i 5,000.00 State Library- - 13.000.00 'Sergeant at Arms 15.000.00 ..Secretary of State 10,000.00 Secretary of Stat Publicity 10,000.00 fetatB Treasurer . . . .r. . . . .,-10,000,00 State Treasurer Weights and Measures 8,000.00 "Sta!te''BuildiDg (Amt. available July 1). 4.0B2.55 Tuberculoma . Patients 20.000.00 University of Vermont 58.800.00 Vail School aud Farms 22.500.00 HIGHWAY COMMISSIONER. ..Maintenance: The expenditure ef the 1236 and 97100 miles of road being cared for under patrol was $14,145.53 and S7.60 was paid for machinery. Federal aid: Work on Project No. 2 in the town or Moretown has been approved by the Federal Inspector, and. account filed with the Govern ment. Special appropriations: Work on the "Sunderland Hollow" road has been completed for the year, but claim lias not been filed. Work has been continued during the month on the "Smugglers' Notch" road. Bridges: (a) Engineering serv ices have been requested on seven bridges, four are being taken care of by the district highway commission ers, 'and three are In charge of the state engineer. . CbKr Applications for state aid have been requested on twelve bridg es,", the. estimated cost of which is IS',955.00. , , '.: BOARD OF HEALTH., . The principal work of the month has : been directed toward the at tempted control ' of the epidemic of Spanish Influenza. It is evident that the . epidemic in Vermont developed considerably later than that in Mas sachusetts and apparently most of our foci of infection can be traced directly-to Massachusetts and partic ularly to Camp Devens. Where the vses.se first started in this state is Snknown, but by the middle of the Aflnth, reports began doming in from various parts of the state, mostly on the east side, showing that the dis ease had obtained a foothold. St. Johnsbury seemed to be the most seriously '.affected at first, but it soon developed that Montpelier and Barre were in worse condition than any other, places in. the state. The communicable diseases report ed during the month are as follows: ; , Measles 83 . Typhoid fever 38 Scarlet fever 28 'Diphtheria- . 38 - "Whooping cough 48 , ' German measles ,1 i '( Chicken pox 42 Mumps . . .38 ''Spanish Influent . 455 i-Tuberculosis , . 15 : Syphilis 11 Gonorrhea . SI ' Laboratory of Hygiene. ' The examinations made during the month of September were as follows; lows: 4H'd:phtheria cultures 11S, blood examinations - for typhoid .'fever. ' 1 blood examination ' for malarial fever. - . .- 18 sputum examinations for tuber culosis. If' bleed examinations for syphilis. Expended for quarter 83,312.28 8,242.9e 2,825.45 23,044.38 761.32 7.504.79 242.10 769.82 70.00 1,604.67 252.05 3,531.33 3.334.9G 2,000.00 035.00 377.83 ) 1,030.43 C3.20 4,150.00 1,453.69 1,934.94 44.394.09 1,104.70 97.10 7079.90 14,653.23 800.00 2,346.60 4i.705.04 23.369.04 3,439.82 289.56 5,305.00 1,907.35 1,759.01 11.028.04 783.13 1,567.47 14.400.00 ?5.225.15 1H.633.17 10.000.00 3.211.24 3.048.75 2,528.17 80.00 12,499.23 528.13 6.272.34 21.063.58 6.04(5.38 5.739.90 1.S73.60 823.85 2,411.81 5.057.3C 3.7.1 9. 3P 3.391.35 . - - 1 ,9 85.51 1 .394.1 r 3,472.05 2.493.14 29.400.00 .12.877.89 33 pus examinations for gonorrhea. 1 sputum examinations for pneu- monia type! 46 sanitary water examinations. 103 milk examinations. 39 food examinations. : 5 liquor examinations. 1 medico-legal autopsy. 1 autopsy io complete death re turns. 6 .miscellaneous examinations for the courts. 119 miscellaneaus examinations. 1022 total. Department of Agriculture. Agriculture: Cattle judging dem onstrations were given at four fairs. Eight farmers' meetings were held. Marketing; Arrangements were made with the United States Bureau Of Markets, oston, to wire polato market' reports three days a week. These reports are sent to'daily papers by mall or by wlr. Market agent gave addresses at four farmers' meet ings in regard to better marketing methods. Also " investigated condi tions in Boston and other New Eng land markets. Dairy ; Manufacturing: Investiga tions were made to . determine the amount of contamination of milk re sulting from unclean cans furnished farmers by purchasers of milk. A number of cans ready for distribution to' dairymen were rinsed with sterile water and a bacterial count made of the rinsings. The result ' snowed from 3.500,000 to 5.000,000 bacteria per cubic centimeter. This would Indicate "that'inc.lean cans now being furnished by milk dealers is one of the ' reat , sources of high bacterial count in milk shipped from Vermont. Cow testing association: A demon stration of cow testing .association work VaV' given' at the Rutland county fair. Nine testers were visited ' and two new testers engaged and started In work. .Creamery Inspection: 30 "cream eries and shipping stations and 449 farms were Inspected. 70S samples of milk tested for sediment and 895 samples of cream tested for acidfty and VutterfatJ Forestry: Six timber tracts .were examined ,and recommendations made fots their proper treatment. ' The timber inventory of the State, a' piece of war work requested by the gov ernment, has .been carried . forward since fay and is nearlng completion. It" has entailed the handling of sev eral thousand letters. . . . ; The'study of the value of 'the high mountain, peaks for. fire lookout pur poses has been continued and will eventually net , results . which will effect a saving in fire protective ad ministration, as well as increasing the services rendered by the lookout men. No forest fires were reported in the month of September. , Work of seed potato inspection for certiScatfon was completed early In the month. WHEN NOYON WAS EVACUATED Despairing Villagers Could Not at Once Believe That Savage Huns Were Really Gone. Noyon was before the war just one of the many sleepy old French pro vincial towns, with an hotel do ville. and a cathedral, and little gray streets twisting out into a rich, green agri cultural plain; now, writes Elizabeth Shepley Sergeant, in the Century, It will always be remembered as the town nearest to Paris only 65 miles awny where the enemy stayed for two and a half years. It had been used during the occupation as a sort of con centration center from the actual fir ing line. Before the retreat, however, virtually all the useful members of the community had been deported ; all the men between sixteen and sixty there were a good many of territorial age cot mobilized during the first days of the war, nnd therefore caught by the German invasion and most of the women between the same ages except those who had dependent children. It was, then, a community largely mode up of old women and children and of the very old, who, on a certain Thurs day in March, were ordered to go into their houses, close their shutters, and not come out-for 48 hours. Promptly a series of explosions began, very alarming explosions, which made the poor people inside tremble. What new horror were they up to now? The sounds went on for a day and a half, gradually growing fewer on the sec ond morning. By afternoon, strange ly, nothing whatever could be heard; not a voice, not a rumble. The bold est spirits pushed open the shutters a little and perceived that the streets were absolutely deserted the gray green soldiers were nowhere to be seen. Slowly and cautiously, halting at every step, they ventured out and up into the center of the town, coming back with the astonishing news, the news nobody dared believe, that the Germans were gone. They had blown up the bridges, burned a few factories, cut down trees along the roadsides, and made off. Even then the French inhabitants believed there must be some trick about it; and when their own soldiers, looking unfamiliar in blue uniforms instead of the old rsd and black, entered the town the next morning, they tried, in the midst of the tears and welcomes, to hold them back. lest lhey get caught in an am bush. It was true, though; the peo ple of the Noyon region wTere again free citizens of France. Great Millennial Hope. The horizon of the hopes of man is never quite so clear that the exact moment of sunrise or of sunset may be marked. But a great millennial hope is none the less to be treasured as. the goal of all striving. Just when' its object will be reached if that ob ject be an enduring peace, and if the means for securing it be that perpet ual alliance of free nations which now appears to embody the most promising plan yet devised for its attainment none may certainly declare. But what ever methods may be pursued to this end the hope behind it and the con fidence that it is a reasonable and righteous hope are the highest justi fications for everything that every body can do to achieve the victory of the allies with whom our nation is joined. There is no weapon in the spiritual armor of the noncombatant that needs more constantly to be kept bright. M. A. De Wolfe Howe, in At lantic. Napoleon Still Points Way. In a tiny French village that Is hardly a village any more, since shells almost removed it from the earth, one building has a tower standing un touched. A platform tops this tower and a miniature figure of Napoleon stands there facing and pointing toward the positions held by the Ger mans. Thousands of shells have whizzed and exploded by this tower, but none has touched the tower or the figure of Napoleon pointing northward. Thousands of Americans, thousands of trucks, quantities of guns and am munition and supplies have rolled over the main street by this figure point ing the way to the boche during the past few weeks. Everyone has marveled that the tower writh the miniature Napoleon withstood all bombardment, and many an American passing the. statue among the ruins has remarked how appro priate is this defiant figure pointing the way. Concrete Ship Not New. That the much-talked-of new con crete ship Edith, generally considered a discovery in ship building that will revolutionize the industry, was ante dated by some 12 years In the Philip pines is a fact not generally known, even to Filipinos. The bureau of nav igation of the islands constructed In 1905, however, -a floating re-enforced concrete dock' for the use of boats in the Paslg river, a dock which is in nse to this day, and perhaps the first suc cess achieved in the use of concrete in shipbuilding. Remarkable Tactics. In "ground flying' tactics the pilot acts mainly on his own personal in itiative, and he must be prepared to attack the enemy wherever he may be found, either with bombs, grenades, darts or machine-gun fire. Thus Ger man officers in charge of ammunition dumps have every reason to fear the approach of British "low fliers." The fear of machine-gun fire is even great er, and whole German regiments have Ijeen decimated and demoralized by British airplanes. USING RECORDS Nation-wide Drive for Phonograph j 1 Discs ; i New York, Oct. 28 Five- hundred! cities and towns throughout the Unit cd Stat.se started an intensive drive j today, under the auspices of the ; Phonograrhs-Rccords Recruiting Corps, thii city, to round up a million j or more phonograph records to he sent to American soldiers and sailors in cantonments here and in service overseas. - In New York hundreds of men and women prominent in musical and pa triotic work . are devoting their time to make "canned music week" a certain success. " The 15.000 music dealers in . the United States arc cooperating to get the idle or "slacker records", out of dusty cabmets and into the service of the soldiers. 12 very music store is a voluntary receiving station for idle re cords md those sent to the dealers will be promptly put into active ser vice in. some camp, on a destroyer or transport or at the front in France. Metal plates to be clamped to, the guard of an electric fan have been in vented which , scatter its breezes as well as would be done by an oscillat ing fan, HARRY W. WITTERS, ESQ., My dear Mr. Witters: Answering yoiiF public letter to irie of October 26th, requesting my PERSONAL views as to the Sheppard Amendment, 1 would say to you and to the voters of St. Johnsbury publicly thai I do not regard oiir own views as important. My idea is that a representative should represent his constituents and not simply himself. For that reason, if elected repre sentative, and th6 Sheppard Amendment comes up for consideration, I shall vote there on as the people of St. Johnsbury may then in a proper way indicate their wish to be, re gardless of my personal opinion. Unintentionally, without doubt, in quoting from the amendment, you omitted the words in if, limiting its application to liquor "FOR BEVERAGE PURPOSES " only, leaving the use of liquor for medicinal, sacramental and in dustrial purposes exactly as at present. As the nominee of the Republican party, I believe in RepuMican principles and regard war measures and an economical adminis tration, with a view to keeping faxes as low as possible, as matters of equal importance; and, if elected representat ive, I shall bring to the office the benefit of some years' business experience and will give the town my best services with a view to accomplishing these ends. Very ?raly yours, Republican Candidate for Town Representative October 28, 1918 WATER DOGS FOE TO MOSOUITOES That western newts or water dogs may become an. important fac tor in fighting mosquitoes is brought out in a bulletin on "The Western Newt or Water Dog, a Natural En emy of. Mosquitoes," put out by the Oregon Agricultural College Experi ment Station. "One or two water-dogs placed in a water-trough at the beginning of the mosquito breeding season would be sufficient to eliminate the breeding of mosquitoes in them. Watei-inj? troughs are often the chief source of mosquitoes in farm-houses and barns. The water-dogs feed on the mos quito larvae." . To Skin Beets. -An easy way to skin a beet without bleeding It and causing it to lose color Is'tq put it in cold water as soon as It 13 cooked. Then draw the hand gently down the beet and the skin will drop off without trouble. , ' Spasmodic Sermon. A man's character is determined by what he does his reputation by what be gets caught at. DON'TDKINK SHIPS! r Are you shocked to eee the lady drinking ships? . Tou drink ships every timo you use sugar unnecessarily in a be vera?. Seventy-five per cent, of the sugar used in this country has to ba brought here in-ships. Every possible ship is needed for the trans portation of troops and supplies to the other sid.. . Eliminate sugar as a luxury, and you release many ships or war purposes. Teach your appetite to remember this DONT DRINK SHIPS. - ' USE OUR CLASSIFIED COLUMN i O. S. food Administration.