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Ml! VOLUME III- -N UMBER 103 ST. JOHNSBURY, VERMONT TUESDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1918 PRICE TWO CENTS rptTl? EVENING ROOSEVELT'S CARNEGIE HALL ADDRESS He Replies to President Wilson's Appeal to Sup port Democratic Congressmen i " - SAYS "LINCOLN MADE NO PARTY TEST" Says the Republicans Have Loyally Supported the President and the National Policies New York, Oct. 28 At Carnegie Hall tonight Col. Theodore Roose velt replied to President Wilson's ap peal to support Democratic Con gressmen in the coming election. It was a severe arraignment of the Presiduai's position and a defense of the Republican party. In the course of his address the ex-president said: I am pdad that Mr. Wilson has now cast off the mask. His appeal is now to pure paitisanship. By his actions (since ho announced that politics were adjourned) he hadalready repu diated his words; for he had already, interferred for purely political rea sons in the election contests in Wis consin, Illh'Ois, Michigan and many other sitae v. Now he openly by for mal announcement repudiates all pre tense of putting the public welfare above party. Now he declares that this is a paity war, and that the Re publicans, although he admits "that they hJU'j been unquestionably pro war," nve to be excluded from any share in controlling the war. Nor is this all. He makes his ap peal on behalf of the Democratic party. Put he is careful to qualify it so as t ) exclude all Democrats who put loyalty to the Nation or even loy alty to their party principles ahead of adherence to the administration. He in no way discriminates between Democrats who are pro-war and those who are rnt i-war. He asks the exclu sion from Congress of the man who is anti-administration, without the slightest reference to whether he ' is pro-war or anti-war, loyal or disloyal, patriotic 'Ov'iinpatriotic. The' one test he imposes i.s loyalty to himself. The President of the United States repu diates the position of being President of all the people, and substitutes for it the position of partisan leadership of one political faction; while even in this faction he makes servile adher ence to his administration the test of membership and of the moral right of any man to do his share in the great work of national self-government. Contrast with this the position of Abraham Lincoln. In the darkest days of the Civil War, Lincoln de clined onci 'irht to make any party ap peal or to apply any party test or any test save that of loyalty in the prose cution of the war and loyalty to the Union and to liberty. In March, 18G3, iie advocated sending to Con gress nly "unconditional supporters of the wa" making no reference to any party; and in June of that year, in answer to some correspondents, who signed themselves as "Demo crats," he expressed his regret that they had not called themselves " American citizens," saying: "In this time of national peril I would have preferred to meet you upon a level one step higher than any party plat form;" and in August, in the only po litical letter he wrote that year, he appealed tw "all those who maintain unconditional devotion to the Union," and to this appeal he explicitly in cluded his own political friends with those of iiis political enemies, "whom no partisan malice or partisan hope can make false to the nation's life." He thus explicitly based his appeal to pro-wi-.-' men, without asking about their attitude towards himself. Again and again he appealed to "all loyal men" an to "all friends of union and men" and to "all friends of union and liberty" and in 1864 he accepted his nomination as coming from the "un conditional Union men." Lincoln made no party test. He ap pealed to all loyal men of all parties. He asked that the test of fitness for Congress be not adherence to his personal administration, but uncondi tional support of the war. Mr. Wil son applies the most rigid party test. He explicitly repudiates loyalty to the war as a test. He demands the suc cess of t!io Democratic party, and asks the defeat of all pro-war men if they have been anti-administration. He asks for the defeat of pro-war Re publicans. He does not ask for the defeat anti-war Democrats. On the contrary, he supports such men Tf although ar.ti-war they are pro-ad- ministration. He does not ask for loyalty to the Nation. He asks only for support of himself. There is not the slightest suggestion that he dis approves of disloyalty to the nation. I do not doubt that he does feel some disapproval of such disloyalty; but apparently this feeling on his part is so tepid that it slips from his mind when he contemplates that he re gards as the far greater sin of failure in adherence to himself. (Continue J on page 6) AUSTRIA ASKS FOR SEPARATE PEACE Will Act Independently of Germany in This Procedure Easel, Oct. 29 (By the Associated Press) The answer of Austria to President Wilson's note is as follows: "In reply to the note of President Wilson of the 18th (19th?) of this month, addressed to the Austro-IIun-garian government and giving the de cision of thy President to speak di rectly with the Austro-Hungarian governmnet on the question of an armistice and of peace, the Austro Hungarian government has the hon or to (i;ria,,e lliat equally with the preceding proclamations of the Pres ident it adheres also to the same- point of view contained in the last 1, ! "EE" 1 Ilr Lii. of the Czecho-Slovaks and the Jugo- Slavs. "Consequently, Austria-Hungary, accepting the conditions the Presi dent has laid down for the entry in to negotiations for an armistice and peace, no obstacle exists, according to the judgment of the yistro-Hun-garian government to the beginning of these negotiations. "The Austro-IIungarian govern ment declares itself ready, in conse quence, without awaiting the result of other negotiations, to enter into negotiations upon peace between Austro-Hungary and the states in the opposing 'group and for an immedi ate armistice upon all Austro-Hungarian fronts. "It asks President Wilson to be so kind as to begin overtures on this subject. "ANDRASSY." AUTO ACCIDENT Henry Mor.geon Badly Hurt When Car Struck Trolley Car (Special to The Caledonian) Burlington, Oct. 28 Henry Mon geon of Winooski was badly injured this afternoon when the automobile in which he and three other men col lided with a trolly car on North Av enue. The men wrere enroute to St. Albans. The car was crossing the street where trolley tracks change from one side to the other, when it hit the approaching electric. The automobile was turned botom side up. Mongeon was thrown out, landing on his head, and the others were badly bruised. Guyete, the owner of the car had but , recently been . given back his li cense to drive, having lost it some time ago following an accident. SUCCEEDS DR. CAVERLY Gov. Graham Appoints Dr. W. 1 Slayton of Morrisville Montpelier, Oct. 29 Governor Graham today appointed Dr. W. T. Slayton of Morrisville a member of the state board of health, to fill the vacancy caused by the eleath of Dr. Charles G. Caverly of Rutland. Dr. Slayton is a man of common sense, good -business ability and a respected physician. He has had an experience of 20 years as health offi cer and has always taken much in terest in sanitation and public health matters in general. He is well ana favorably known to the medical pro fession throughout the state. FEWER CASES Situation in Burlington Continues to Improve (Special to The Caledonian) Burlington, Oct. 28 There are fewer cases of influenza in Burling ton, but several deaths are occurring daily. It is thought, however, that the worst of the epidemic is over, al though there is now no health officer. MOTOR CYCLE IN FRANCE French Much Interested in Side Car Attachment the With the American Forces in France, Oct. 29 American motor cy cle side! cars in the war zone of France where American troops are operating are more numerous than in any part of the United States. As the side car was new to France nat urally they attracted much attention at first. Now the French pay no at tention to them. The words "side car" have come into common usuage among the French people who have as yet coined no French name for the machine. BARTER IN RUSSIA Goods Exchanged in Lieu of Real Money Moscow, July 26 (Correspondence ence of the Associated Press) The lack of money and the great de preciation of the Russian ruble has ! fnmnfllrkf1 t Vi a cnviAf (rnvfimmenf tv resort to the primitive form of trade. evrhnncrA of o-ooHa. This form hat been applied in Russia in a limited degree, because of lack" of manufac tured articles, the government giving the peasants agricultural machinery, leather -.goods, nails, , matches and other such necessaries and receiving the equivalent value in grain. It is the intention of the Department ofj Food to introduce the exchange of goods system into international trade and for this purpose it sent a special emissary to Norway to negotiate with the Norwegian government. CHAIRMAN HAYES MESSAGE EJfe ,. TO VEKhC'RS Urges; the Importance Republican Success in This State Nov. 5 of OUR PARTY SAYS "STAND BY THE WAR" Republicans Must be Ready for the Great Problems of Reconstruction Montpelier, Oct. 29 Hon. Mason S. Stone, manager of the Republican campaign in Vermont, has given out the following message to, the Vermon ters on the importance of a Republi can victory in the Green Mountain state next Tuesday. "The importance of Republican sue cess this tali cannot be overestimat ed. The Republican organization on every possible occasion since last March has voiced repeatedly the par ties determination : "(1) To win the war. "(2) For a peace with victory on ly and never a peace by a compromise bargaining of principles which would violate American rights, interest and honor an J make a scrilege out of bur sacrifice to be made again by our grandchildren. "(3) To prepare now, in a sane manner, for the problems of recon duction. "The imperative necessity of the first point; continues paramount. It is the supreme objective. The Re publican p.rty, always dependable in mattei's of patriotism, says contin ually Stand by the war. In this de claration of purpose is included the statement which the Democratic par ty seems to have as a slogan "Stand by the Pi evident." To stand by the President in support of all war meas ures is a c'uty and privilege which Republicans have assumed as a mat ter of course, as to all that the great office implies, and the performance of which duty the Republican party has functioned far . more fully and efficiently- than the Democratic party and in wich course we wTill persist wifch-ont -waver or shadow -of -turning. Stand by the war includes far more; it includes stand by the President; it includes stand by every public offi cial; high or low, measured by the thoroughness ' with which that public official stands by the war; in includes stand by the government; stand by this country; stand by our allies, every one; stand against our enemies in this war, every one; stand by our soldiers in France and the soleliers of our allies; stand by every effort of war-saving and war-giving in this country; stand for the cause for which we light; stand by the "irre ducible minimum" of peace terms; stand by ihn war aim of this country which is the unconditional surrender of Germany, that forever we may end Prussianism in the world and the ex pression which it typified. "And to the great first purpose all of our thoughts and actions are dir ected. "Again rnd again we declare, as we have from the beginning, that we stand :rrevocably for peace with vie tory only. We demand an uncondit ional -surrender, and we cannot too loudly proclaim nor too certainly per form in our determination in this dir ection. Fjom one end of the country to the other Republicans have de manded continually peace with vic tory only. Doubly important is this at this very moment. Today Repub licans renew their consecration to that end. "Now more significant daiy be comes our third proposition of pre paration for peace. The next Con gress will be a reconstruction Con gress. "We must not forget for one mo ment that the men we elect now will also be the men who will shape this country's course through the early reefs and shoals of reconstruction. "Remember, we are as unprepared for peace as we were for war. When peace comes, many millions of labor ers instantly will be affected by the cancellation of war orders and the disbandment of the armies. "The myriad problems of recon struction press upon us for solution. Some of them no man can foresee, others are apparent to all. "We must not wait until the pro cession of disasters has passed by. "Republicans, in the case of re construction, as always heretofore in the presence of vast constructive needs, will anticipate every possible contingency of storm and stress, will make tight every compartment of the ship of siate, and doubly insure its voyage into the coming unknown. "Republicans cried aloud in vain for preparedness for war. "Republicans now demand that the nation instantly prepare for peace. The next Congress will bear the 'great burden to that end. Let nothing remain undone which can honestly be performed to make Republican success certain. "The country's war load is great. Let us hitch up both great political horses to pull it And let us bring to SENDING CHRISTMAS BOXES OVERSEAS Only One Package Soldier For Every The War and Post Office Depart ments and the American Red Cross have made an arrangement by which every man in the army overseas may receive a Christmas parcel from his family or friends. The amount of shipping space which can be set aside for the transportation of these parcels will permit the sending of but one parcel to each man. Each soldier overseas will be pro vided with one 'Christmas parcel la bel. This label will be forwarded by him to the person in the United States from whom he wishes to re ceive his Christmas package. Pack ages that do not bear this label will not be accepted by the Red Cross for delivery to the Post Office authorities. Labels that are lost will not be du plicated. Christmas parcels must be placed in tandard cardboard boxes 3x4x9 inches in size. These boxes will be provided to holders of labels by the American Red Cross. They may be obtained at Red Cross Chapters or branches after Nov. 1. No messages or writing of any kind will be allowed to go in the boxes. When the boxes are packed, but unwrapped, they must- not weigh more than 2 pounds 15 ounces. If the parcel is over weight, some articles must be remov ed. Do not mail the box yourself. When packed, the box unsealed and unwrapped, ready for inspection, should be taken to the nearest col lection station designated by the Red Cross. Red Cross representatives are authorized to remove objection able articles from parcels. Shippers will' then affix sufficient postage on their parcels to carry them to Hobo ken, N. J. Parcel post zone rates will be charged. The parcels are to re main in custody of the Red Cross un til delivered to the postal authorities. No Christmas parcel will be ac cepted by the Red Cross for shipment after November 20. Keep this fact in mind when planning a Merry Christmas for the boys "Over There." One Package for Every Soldier The following is an outline of the procedure to be followed by persons planning to send one of these par celsabroad: On receiving one of these Christ mas parcel labels, it should be pre sented at the nearest chapter, branch or auxiliary headquarters of the Red Cross, where the holder will receive a carton. These labels are not ex pected to reach this country before November 1, by that time each Red Cross branch will have its allotment of boxes based on the number of sol diers in service overseas from that community. These boxes may be filled with any combination of articles, except those on the list barred by the Postal offi cials. The following is a list of the prin cipal classes of articles which are un mailable. 1. All spirituous, vinous, malteil, fermented or other intoxicating liq uors. 2. All kinds of poison and all ar ticles and compositions containing poison. 3. Explosives of all kinds. 4. Inflammable materials, includ ing friction matches. 5. Infernal machines and mechani cal, chemical or other devices of compositions which may ignite or explode. Note: Under this classification would come cigarette lighters, etc. G. Liquids or liquefiable articles, fragile articles and; other admissible matter when not packed in accord ance with the requirements of the Postal Laws and Regulations. 7. All other articles which may kill, or in any wise hurt, harm, or . . - -i i i. injure anotner, or damage or eieiace or otherwise injure the mails or oth er property. CALL 121 MEN They Are to go to Camp Dix Begin ning November 11 Montpelier, Oct. 28 Gov. H. F. Graham Monday morning received a telegram from the war department calling for 121 men from Vermont to go to Uamp uix, jn. J., lor train ing in the military service in the five- day period following Nov. 11. The county quotas will be fixed up on the basis of the number left in each county from the old draft fig ures. WEATHER Fair tonight and Wednesday slight ly cooler. the -great problems of reconstruction the brains and heart of the Republi can party." To the above Mason S. Stone adds:! "Do the Republican voters of Ver mont want to fail in the full perfor mance of their duty to the country and their party at this critical time? "Politics are not adjourned. "Evei-y vcte for the Republican state ticket means more for the fut ure of the state and nation than ever before. "Let th-3 'brains and heart' of the Republican, praty of the Green Moun tain state stand in the front of battle rather than loiter in the rear." AMERICAN NAVAL BASE OVER IN FRANCE Streets are Filled with American Sailors on "Liberty Parties" CENTER FOR 300 MILES OF THE FRENCH COAST A Big Establishment That Carries on Huge War Work American Naval Base, France, Sept. 26, (Correspondence of The Asshociat'ed Press) Here on this rugged Breton coast there is an Am erican naval establishment which is a sort of composite of the busy activ ity of the Navy Department at Wash ington and of one of the big navy yards on the American seaboard. Vice Admiral Wilson commanding the American naval forces in French waters, has, his headquarters here, with an executive staff quartered in one of the largest buildings of the city, fronting the Place President Wilson. American bluejackets are on guard ac Jl the entrances, and-steady ""-"Jin. t? . : l c A me,s 01 i.au sailors injwu me uuiiiuuis uicu various duties. The streets are filled with Ameri can sailo---; on "liberty parties," often 5,000 and 0;000 in a single party. And on the water front there is the hustle and activity of a huge navy yard, with scores of American naval craft anl transports, lying in the har bor, and the- shore alive with a vast naval installation. . -Besides" the' rush of the port itself, this is the naval administration cen ter for miles of the French coast, divided into three districts, with a number of the chief ports into which the masses-of American men and ma terial are pouring. Aside from the American transport fleet which comes and goes, there ; a standing personnel of officers and men in these districts, with some 80 ships-destroyers, repair ships, convert ed yachts, mine sweepers and naval tugs. The shore establishment is on the same es tensive scale, with aero dromes for balloons and airplanes, great stacks of coal and mammoth tanks for fuel oil. Naval headquarters is in constant wireless tovch with the whole range of this naval activity, along the 300 miles of front and far out to sea where the convoys are steadily mov ing in and cut. AH the orders are is sued here f er this intricate movement, the meetin gs at sea at appointed places, and the zig-zag routes which will cheat the hostile craft lying ox the coast. From outside headquart ers one s ees the wireless antennae stretching off to a near-by church steeple, thus, giving a great sweep of wire fo,. gathering the sound waves. There is also direct telegraph and telephone, se that if need be conver sations may go on between the naval chiefs .American officers at Paris or Londo rr. It is a huge work this big estab lishment i- carrying on. On the strictly naval side are the defensive and offensive operations defense of Americans and other allied shipping in the vt movement of men and fensive in the war extermination be ing made prrainst. enemy submarines. Outside of the naval operations, there is the steady march of a vast naval conttiuction at all the ports along this 300 mile of sea front, re pair plants, fuel stations, oil tanks, water mark5, and all the requirements of a great naval establishment which is constantly expanding. U-BOATS WITH WHITE FLAGS Believed They Are Returning Home From Bases Christiana, Oct. 28 Crews of ves sels arriving at Stavanger from Kar mo Island report that several Ger man submarines, flying a white nag at their mastheads, passed the is land Saturday bound south, accord ing to the Morgenbladet. The submarines are believed to have been returning home from their bases. ; It has been found that the water lettuce and water cabbage that fre quently interfere with navigation of the Panama canal channel across Gatum lake contain sufficient potash to make them valuable as fertilizers. Notwithstanding Peace Talk the Allies Continue to Pound Their, Opponents German First Line Trench es Have Been Captured as Well as Barracks and . Hospital. PARIS SKEPTICAL ON CAPITULATION BUT Americans Win New Successes in Air Battle Gen. De beny's Army Closing in on Guise and Passed Beyond Louvry Farm Associated activities with the American forces at Verdun along the center of the American front began long before daylight with furious bombardment. The enemy opened a heavy fire with gas shells at 2.30 this morning which was changed between 4 and 5 o'clock to a fusillade of high explosives. The American artillery responded and the American patrols were active in the Bantheville woods ah night. On the Italian front 15,000 prisoners have been taken by the British, Italian and French forces in their advance ' across the Piave river which for the third time in one year is the scene of a desperate battle. This time, however, the tables are turned against the Austrians who are stead ily being pressed back from the eastern bank of the river. The battle has now been going on for five days and been marked by desperate Austrian resistance. American troops are in the reserve lines along the Piave river. A Paris despatch says that Gen. Debeny's first army continues to close in on Guise and has already captured the German first line trenches, barracks and hospital south of Chattau in Guise. South of Guise the French forces have passed beyond the Louvry farm. They also continue to make progress on the right bank of the Peron. liver. - . ' - "; A despatch from London says that Field Marshal Haig reports that artillery duels and patrol encounters were the only activities on the British front during the uight. A Copenhagen despatch says that a telegram has been received from Berlin stating that the German federal council has approved a bill amending the imperial consti tution in the form adopted by the Reichstag. On Saturday the Reichstag amended the constitution by placing the military authorities under the control of the civil govern ment. This measure was passed by a large majority and its passage is attributed to the retirement Of Gen. Luden-dorff. From Copenhagen comes the word th?.t an independ ent state has been formed in Hungary under the leader ship of Count Karolyi, acting in agreement with the Czechs and south Slavonians. Karoyli is said to have declared in Budapest that he presented his program to Emperor Charles who refused to accept it. Thereupon Karoyli put into effect his plan for an independent state. He is president of the Hungarian independent party, is anti-German and has appealed to Austria-Hungary to make peace since December, 1915. Only last February he was accused of high treason. A Washington despatch says that in spite of -bad weather there is continued aviation activity on the first front of the American army. Gen. Pershing reports that three enemy airplanes and an observation balloon were shot down. All the American machines returned to their aviation camp. Gen. Pershing also reports that heavy artillery fire marked the day's work yesterday on both sides of the river Meuse.. A FariS despatch SayS -lS unVarying caption of n giving publicity to Count Wilson. The editorials of the Paris journals, while accept ing this" conclusion, urge caution lest there is some hidden snare behind the Austrian offer. In London Austria's reply to. President Wilson is viewed as unconditional surrender. The chief interest seems" to lie in the effect it will have on Germany's position. THE CASUALTY LIST Three Vermonters Among Casualties the Washington, Oct. 29 The follow ing casualties are reported by the commanding general of the American Expeditionary Forces: Killed in action Died from wounds Died from accident and other causes Died from airplane accident Died of disease Wounded severely 54 43 ' C 4 92 99 Wounded (degree undetermined) 145 Wounded slightly 40 Missing in action 65 Prisoners ; " 2 AUSTRIA'S LONDON BELIEVES IT that UapitUlatlOn Ol AUStria the Paris papers this morning Andrassy's note to President 350 Wounded Degree Undetermined Asa L. Reed, Saxtons River. William M. Ward, Morrisville. Clarence L. Pariseau, St. Albans. A despatch from Ottawa gives among the day's wounded the name of L. Bousquet of Newport, who was with the Canadian forces in France. Few Motives Entirely Unselfish. The gold of our best motives la so mixed with the dross of selfishness and unworthiness that .we can nei ther take too much credit to ourselves, for any of our good deeds, nor afford! to throw discredit upon any perform ed by our neighbor.