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C ALEB ON IAN VOLUME III NUMBER 104 ST. JOHNSBURY, VERMONT WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1918 PRICE TWO CENTS ONE THOUSAND LIBERTY MOTORS ; EVERY WEEK American Aircraft Produc tion Going Ahead at Rate Not Hoped For THE MACHINES NOW QUALITY BASIS 2,500 Fighting Planes Have Been Shipped to the American Forces June 1 Washingtcn, Oct. 29 Production , of American aircraft now has reach ed a state where it is being limited practically cnly by facilities for trans- nortine the airplanes to France. The production of Liberty motors during the montn if October reached a stage ( of 1,000 a week, a goal which had not been hoped for, at soonest, until De cember. The Is test official compilations show thac since June 1, approximate ly 2,500 lighting airplanes of all des criptions have been shipped to the American fcrce in France. When it is realized a any one time since the beginning of the war has had more than o,500 airplanes actually in ser vice, the significance of an American production of 2,500 planes in five ' months becomes apparent. These 2,500 plarxs included nearly 150 heavy bombers and the remainder ' were plane of all classes including observation machines and day bomb ers. Reports from all the production centers show the results rapidly growing. The American forces have been movir.jv so rapidly during the last few weeks that it has been found necessary U- give up some of the transportation space which was in tended for airplanes to other mater ial, but within the next few weeks the full movement of aircraft is expected to be in swing again. As a matter of fact, tonig-ht's re ports show cd that there were more American airplanes awaiting, ship ment at points of embarkation than could be loaded. In speaking of fighting airplanes, -singlti . seated plane in "which ' are fought the spectacular duels of the air is not ii eluded. These types are changing s. rapidly that officials say it never vH be practicable to build them elsewhere than almost upon t' battle field. All the American-built planes, however, are fighting planes, armed an,! equipped to take care of themselves on the duty for which they are designed. WILLIAM GUYETTE FINED Had a Previous Record for Careless Driving Burlington, Oct 29 William Guy ette, who-sa car collided with a trolley car yesterda afternoon, when Henry Mongeon of Winooski was injured, was in city court this morning charg , ed with driving his car in a careless and negligent manner. He furnished bail of $50 for his appearance in Nov ember. Guyette a year ago atempted unsuccessfully to climb theHeinburg bridge. His license was taken from him at that time, when he secured a new car a license was taken out by his wife ar d a little while ago he him self was granted a license. HIGH PRICE FOR MILK Burlington Will Soon Have to Pay 15 Cents a Quart (Special to The Caledonian) Burlington, Oct. 29 Burlington will soon f iobably have to pay the highest prico for milk it ever had to pay, a rate of 15 cents being expect ed to go into effect soon. At present the price is 13 cents. LIEUT. STYLES MISSING In the United States Aero Squadron (Special to The Caledonian) Burlington, Oct. 29 Lieutenant Casius II. Styles, formerly of the Uni versity of Vermont, is reported as missing in potion. He was a graduate of the first Plattsburg camp, being commissioned a second lieutenant. He went to Plattsburg from New York city, where he had been study ing law. He was assigned at first to the infantry, but after going over seas he was transferred to aviation, and was a member of the First U. S. Aero Squadron. His father, Dr. W. V. Styles, of South Hero, was notified last Thurs day by the war department that his son was missing. Dr. Styles has but recently recovered from an illness that neatly caused his death, and was believed at the Mary Fletcher hospi tal to be c:ying. Lieut. Styles left the University of Vermont to go to Annapolis, but af ter a year there had to give up on account of his health. He is 24 years old and unmarried. CLEANING UP AFTER INFLUENZA Detailed Directions Endorsed by the State Board of Health Burlington, Oct. SO The following- article written by Mrs. Elmer Bailey of Burlington with the advice and assistance of Miss Cora Curtis, dis trict nurse of Burlington, is endors ed by the State Board of Health and; recommended as the procedure to be followed in houses where cases of influenza have occurred: For the assistance of those who have had cases of influenza in their homes, and that the danger of pass ing the disease on to others may be avoided, the following directions are issued: Every house -in which there has been one or more cases of this dis ease should be disinfected by a thor ough cleaning which should leave no crevice or corner untouched. Soap, water, fresh air and sunshine are the best possible disinfectants, and should be freely used. To clean the rooms: Remove as much of the furniture as is possible to the open air, take down all the draperies and remove carpets and rugs. If the walls are papered or kalsomined, wipe them down with clean, dry cloths. If washable, cleanse with soap and water. Wash all woodwork with soap suds. Even polished mahogany is not injured in the least by a careful washing with luke-warm soap suds, provided care is used in using a white soap, not too alkaline in characternd the wood is at once dried and rubbed with a soft cheese cloth. All floors should be thoroughly washed and dried, and the windows washed and polished. Carpets and rugs should be hung on lnes to be exposed to sun and air for several hours and later well beat en and brushed in the open air, before being relaid. All draperies which are not washable should receive similar treatment. Lace or muslin curtains should be laundered. Upholstered furniture should be beaten, brushed and aired. Electric vacuum cleaners, when available, can be used to remove dust in place of beating but thorough air- mg should not be neglected Especial care should be given to the: bedding and clothing used by the patient. Mattresses should be placed out of doers in the sun shine for two consecutive days and should be well beaten and brushed. Soiled and infected pillows are an abri- nation and a constant source of danger. Therefore, the fta$k should be emptied from the ticks, washed and ironed, and the feathers returned to them. Elizabeth, of Littleton, and Mrs. Liz- towels, handkerchiefs, everything of the kind should be placed in a pil low case or other receptacle and put into a wash boiler of cold water with a cup of washing soda or soap pow der sufficient to make a strong suds. This should be brought to the boil ing point and boiled ten or fifteen minutes. The clothes can then be safely handled. They should be rubbed in fresh suds, rinsed in sever al waters, and dried in the open air, exposed to the sun, if possible. All dishes and utensils used by the patient should be washed in boiling suds and rinsed with boiling water. Spittoons should be disinfected with a carbolic or creolin solution. Toilets should be well scrubbed and flushed with carbolic or creolin solution. Persons caring for the sick should be dressed in washable clothing and this should be changed frequently. The skin should be kept clean by fre quent bathing. The hands should be washed often, always before eating, and the hair should be kept clean by shampooing. Heavy woolen clothing such as coats and outside wraps, need not be destroyed but should be carefully dusted and hung in the open air and sunshine for seveial hours. ORGAN RECITAL Hugh Mackinnon Wins High Praise for His Concert in the City of Utica Hugh Mackinnon is recovering from the influenza with which he has ben ill for nearly three weeks. The following account of an organ recital which w is rendered shortly before his illness appears in one of the Utica papers : A larga congregation enjoyed the organ recital given last evening in Grace Episcopal church by Hugh Mackinnon, his first since assuming his dudes as organist and choirmas ter of thj church. The three numbers given at ll-e close of the choral even ing service were most beautifully and artistically rendered, emphasizing his ability and thorough training. At the close of cue recital the "Star Spang led Banner' was played during which the congregation arose and joined in the singing. Mr. Mackinnon was heartily cot gratulated by many in the congregation at the close of the re cital. The t!uo numbers given last even-J mg were the "Second Sonata, of Mendelssohn in three movements, grave, adrgie and allegro; the choral prelude on "Melcombe," by ' Parry, and Widor's "Sixth Symphony," first movement Mr. Mackinnon will give an organ recital every first Sunday evening in the month. WILSON TO PASS AUSTRIA'S PLEA Tn Tiir aii ice ... Collapse of Empe Com plicates Problem of Armistice Procedure OFFICIAL TEXT IN LANSING'S HANDS Peace Terms to go With Those for Truce From Allied Supreme Council London, Oct. 29 The Versailles conference, according to the report current in London this afternoon, has agreed on the main points of the armisiice terms, which will now be considered by the military com manders. The final peace terms, it is said, will be submitted to Germany simul taneously with the armistice terms. As part of the terms of an armis tice the Eening News says it under stands th- allied nations will insist on the surrender of the German fleet, including all the German sub marines, and so on the occupation by allied Tforcc.' of all the fortified towns on the Rhine. Washington, Oct. 29 In the ab sence of any official announcement, there was a somewhat widespread impression here tonight that Aus tria's renewed appeal to President Wilson for an immediate armistice and peace would be transmitted to the allied governments before which Germany's request has been placed. In some quarters, however, there was a disposition to accord different treatment to the Austrian plea, be cause of thi complex problems aris ing from the new conditions that ap parently have developed in the dual monarchy sr'r.ce the President replied to Austria's original request for an immediate cessation of hostilities. GREENSBORO .Miss Rita Miller, who carries . the mail on the Free Delivery route, is ill, and the. work is being done by her MheH'. V, . f Donal'd' arid Harold Drown have had a relapse and are quite ill with influenza.' Two little gandsons of Dr. F. C. Kinney, win have been at his home the past two weeks, returned to their home in Hardwick last Sunday. Their mother, Mis. Albert Kinney, who has been ill with the influenza, is able to be about. , Prof. Ray Pestle, principal of the Junior High school, came here from his home last Saturday, and is ready for the opening of school work. Mrs. Gertrude Campbell Paquette, who is well known here, is very ill at the home of John Hancock in Hard wick with pneumonia. Floyd McGoon has gone to St. Johnsburv where he is seeking for a chance to do railroad work. Ephraim E. Hartson died last Fri day, Oct. 25th, at the home of his father, Loren Hartson, after a brief illness. He was 51 years of age and was born in this town and had lived here all hi? life except a few years he had spent m Haverhill, N. H. He is survived by his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Loren Hartson, two daughters, Mildred and Annabell, two sisters, Mrs. Charles Dana of Lyndon, and Mrs. Pope of St. Johnsbury, and one brother, Homer Hartson of this place. The funeral was held at the home of his parents last Sunday at 2 o'clock and was conducted by Rev. E. C. Hayes of the Congregational church. Burial was in the village cemetery. Miss Elsie Atwell, assistant princi pal in the Junior High school, who has been spending her vacation here, was called to her home in Brandon last Tuesday by a telegram from her father. Ensign Harry McLoud was in town Monday and Tuesday, coming here from New York city to see his mother and wrife who reside here. He had just returned from his first trip to France in the service of his country. Tickets for the Greensboro Enter tainment Course are on sale at B. M. Wiley's store, and J. H. Barrington's Mill at $1.00 each plus war tax. Tickets for children under 16 years are being sold at 75 cents each plus war tax. It will be well for you to buy early if you wish a good reserve seat for the four entertainments. The first entertainment is Nov. 9th, at 8 p. m., by The Venetian Musicians. Peter McQueen, fresh from the war front will give his lecture November 27th, and this alone will be Worth the price of the. season ticket. Plows Rough Lands. A special type of plow for use in rough country, where labor is high and scarce, is known as the "stump-jump." This plow was inTented and is used In western Australia, where the farm land is cluttered with roots and ttumps. WW INTERCOLLEGIATE FOOTBALL IN FRANCE The Yankee Soldier in France Is Always in Training - Paris, Oct. 15, (By Mail) Inter collegiate football will have a big season in France this fall. Perhaps the quality of play will not be up to the peace-time standards of the big colleges back home, for the simple reason that few of the American bl diers will have time enough for the practice required to develop gridiron science to i feather edge. Members of the A. E. F. are fairly-busy trying to win a mere important game than any ever played on the chalk-lined field. What th-2 army elevens may lack in science they will make up in stam ina and "pep". The Yankee soldier in France is always in training. The American welfare organization have fostcied football just as they have all ether sports. By various methods uniforms, footballs and all sorts of necessary paraphernalia have come from back home. The workers of the Y. M. C. A., the K. of C, the Jewish Welfare Board, and the Amr eriean Library Association, as well as the Y. W. C. A. and Salvation Army secretaries have seen to it that our athletes have been fitted out. Football is a game that exactly suits the fighting man.- He wants his sports with the bark on. The keener the competition and the more stren uous the play, the better he likes it. For obTious reasons it is not possi ble to play football when the men are actually in the front lines. The game requires sp.vce in the open and the assembling of considerable number of men. These things invite the atten tions of th . hostile airmen and dis close the positions of troops, with results apt to be disastrous. But it is no novoliy to see company and re gimental teams practising under cover within a few hundred yards of the enemy's positions this fall. If it were possible to gather in one place all the great football players now serving in France, the strongest team that ever stepped on a field would bo organized. There are enough All-American men of com- comnarativelv recent vintage in the A. E. F. to form three or four elev ens. But the stars of yesterday are scattered rnd no such aggregation will appea. The team that has more than one man who once was mention ed by Walter Camp will consider it self lucky. Not only are there many fine play ers in the American Army, but there are also numerous successful coaches that could develop - an unbeatable eleven from the material that would be available if . the commander-in-chief wanted' to give them authority to select anybody desired. One of the things that helps make those army elevens formidable is that some of them combine the best things known to the gridirons of var ious sections of the country. It is nothing unusual to see players from half a elozen colleges on the sare team and perhaps in some cases every man in the line-up represents a dif ferent educational institution. The result of the interchange of ideas on football subjects wll undoubtedly help the game at home after the war when these men return and resume it either as players or coaches. STOCK BROKER FINED Judge Slack Gives Him a Stiff Sen tence for Forgery (Special to The Caledonian) Burlington, Oct. 29 A sentence of from four to 10 years at hard labor at the State's prison at Windsor was imposed thu afternoon in Chittenden county court on Frederick W. Brad ish, a stock broker, who pleaded guilty to forgery. Sentence was pro nounced by Judge Leighton P. Slack of St. Johnsbury. The charge of forgery was brought by Frederick O. Shattuck of this city, a traveling man. Other cases against him were not pressed. The case grew out of manipulations of unsigned stock certificates loaned to Bradish by local and out-of-town residents foi the purpose of increas ing the revenue from the same. Some of those whose names he forged and sold stock were Dr. Lyman Allen, Perry R. Miles, Mrs. E. A. Miles, Dr. and Mrs. Gilbert Ristom, Dr. Charles J. Russell, all well known people of this city. After forging the names and selling the stock certificates he paid to the original owners the stipulated extra loan fees, together with any dividend that the certificates called for. In ten months, it is said, he secured be tween $50,000 and $75,000 worth of negotiable certificates through that process. Biadish is 58 years old and until the war was successful. SPRUCE PRICES UNCHANGED Until Dec. 1, for New England, An nounces War Industries Board The Washington, D. C, Oct. 29 price-fixing committee of the war in dustries board today continued ex isting prices for New England spruce lumber until Dec. 1, abandoning, be cause of influenza, the usual meeting v.ith the industry to agree on prices for three months. WEATHER Rain and cooler tonight, fair and eooler. Thursday CHURCHES RE-OPEN ON NEXT SUNDAY A Statement and Appeal from the St. Johnsbury Pastors For the past six weeks this com munity has known the shadow of a wide-spread pestilence. More than one-third of our population have felt its power, and many are still weak ened by its effects. Many homes are saddened by the loss of dear ones, in some cases the families almost dis rupted. Anxiety and distress have been universal. Labors of love have been abundant in caring for the sick. Multitudes have a new sense of "bearing one another's burdens," which is the "law of Christ." Doctors, nurses and volunteer workers have toiled to the point of exhaustion in fighting disease and in faithful minis tries, ancF a deeper consciousness of community inter-dependence has been quickened. Moreover, we are in the midst of the greatest war in history. The strength of our young manhood has gone forth to dare, if need be to die, for the Right and for Humanity, and some will not return. The end is not yet, but we believe a new world is to rise, wherein shall dwell righteousness, and fraternity, and peace. Stirred by these great experiences men are thinking more deeply . and feeling more intensely. Discovering with startling suddenness their own impotence they have been thrown back on God; they-are learning to pray; they see as never before the supreme significance, not merely of the body, but of spiritual realities. With the boys who have gone into service, we at home, also, are "find ing our souls." WThat shall be the permanent ef fects of these great times? When the pestilence has passed and the war is over, shall men drop down again to live selfish, God-less lives? How shall the strong impressions of these days be made abiding forces? How better than by rallying with new "under standing and deeper devotion ..to , the ! Christian church, which stands for the reverent attitude towards life; for the spirit of honor in persons ; for the spirit of service in the communi ty; for the truth for which our boys are fighting, that, in all conditions, it is right that makes might; for pa triotism and humanity and the Christianity that Christ taught and lived; for the present reality f the heavenly Father in every life, and for the deathless life beyond. We make no sectarian appeal ; we em phasize only the common needs of men, and the common Gospel which alone can satisfy those needs. We are sadly conscious of the failure of the church to represent worthily its Divine Master, but the church can be only what you and other men make it Therefore, as our churches again reopen for worship and service, the undersigned, some of the pastors of St. Johnsbury, appeal most ear nestly to all to rally to the church of your choice, whether you have done so hitherto or not; that you put your best at its service'; that you seek through it to establish justice, broth hood, and pure, vital religion among men. so that, both now and when our boys come home, the Christen church shall stand for christian de mocracy, for freedom for the body and the soul, for unselfish love and kindness in all the relationships of men, and for such relation to God and man as made the manhood of Jesus Christ so winsome and so com pelling. Alfred P. Gnnt, George A. Martin, Francis A. Poole, Frederick B. Richards, Harold G. D. Scott, Albert S. Woodworth. EAST GREENSBORO M. Lapr.n and son were in Greens boro Bend on business Monday. David fc'mith was a visitor at L. D. Leavitt s Sunday. Mr, and Mrs. Homer Dezan and son have returned from Wolcott. They were called there by the serious ill ness of Mrs. Dezan's mother. Mr. and Mrs. George Vance of South Albany have returned home af ter spending ten days at .William Gochie's. Carrots for Bad Temper. A writer sounds the praises of car- j rots, which, he says, are not only hign- j iy nutritive and a cheap and czceiienr food, but are also a specific" for jeal ousy and bad temper ! "Persistent eat ing of boiled carrot," he sa5, "will cure jealousy, melancholy, feelings of wrath and revenue; and, in short, the carrot-eater will become in time easy going, good-natured, and placidly af fectionate. I commend them -especially to the notice of wives who have Jealous, bad-tempered husbands. Give them carrots instead of "beans ! " London Tit-Bits. Germany Says Armistice Terms Awaited Change in Ger man Constitution Kaiser Deprived of All Power of Making War or Declaring Peace President Wilson Working on Reply to Austria's Note HUNGARY DEMANDED CONCENTRATION OF AUSTRIAN FLEET AT FIUME Report on Airplane Construction Ready Both Criticizes and Praises the Work of the Factories Paris The Czecho-Slovak Council of State has de cided to make Presbury the capitol of Slovakia, according to newspapers received here. Presbury is one of the finest cities in Hungary and is situated on the Danube 34 miles south east of Vienna. Hungarian kings were crowned there for centuries. It was recently announced that the name had been changed to Wilsonstadt in honor of President Wilson. Washington President wasn't expected to make known his decision on Austria's renewred plea for armistice until the official text of the note from Count Andrassy asking Secretary Lansing to interview with President Wilson was received. The unofficial text of An drassy's communication, as transmitted from Vienna, was received early today, and was read by officials with un disguised interest. Paris According to a despatch from Rome, the Aus trian Fleet has been hastily concentrated at Fiume by de mands from Hungary. The second note of Count Andressy, Austro-Hungari-an foreign minister, to President Wilson, is interpreted as evidence that Austria is in a desperate plight and has ex hausted her resistance power. Washington Another note from the. German gov ernment reached Washington today. It supplements last., brief commuriicationr saying that the armistice -.-terms were awaited by reciting in detail the government , changes which nave taken place in Germany as evidence that the Kaiser has been deprived of 'all .power, of making war and negotiating peace. This time the Germans don't address President Wil son personally but send information for the American Government, they apparently recognizing that the stage of personal appeals has passed with transmission of their armistice and peace plea. To the Allies it reiterates that the actual power and responsibility of the Government has been transferred to Reichstag and describes the progress of the necessary constitutional changes. The note will probably be for-, warded to Paris where Supreme War Council is all ready to formulate terms upon which the United States and Allies might permit cessation the of hostilities. Paris General Debeney's army has gained successes in encircling Guise. Copenhagen Czench national committee took over functions of local government of Prague Bohemian cap ital Monday, marking final step in its successful revolu tion. London On British front in France tliere has been no activity except patrol encounters. As word of new note came it was learned that Presi dent Wilson was working today on a reply to the later note from Vienna in which Austria accepted all principles and conditions. Washington It is said that new communication made no changes in situation. The next step, it is expect ed will be the announcement from one or all co-belligerent capitals of armistice terms. OFFICERS' TRAINING CAMP Twenty Enlistments Wanted from St. Johnsbury to Begin Training December 1 Lieut. Teter Christensen, U. S. G. United States Armory, is at the Ar mory until Nov. 10 to secure enlist ments for the Officers' Training school at Camp Fremont, Cal., which opens Dec. 1. The government wants to secure 20,000 officers as soon as possible ard Vermont's quota is around 7 J. Candidates will be taken from 13 to 40 years of age and sev eral have already filled out applica tions. Hew is a splendid chance for those not yet in the ' service and the government's quota must be met Lieut. Christensen would be glad to meet any desirous ' of entering this branch of the service as soon as pos sible thai St. Johnsbury's quota may be filled. After Nov. 10 LieutXhris tensen goe.- to St. Albans for! a ten days' recruiting campaign there. , Dally Thought. Patience is the art of hoping. Van-venargues. THE CASUALTY LIST No Vermonters Among the Casualties The following casualties are re ported by the commanding general of the American Expeditionary Forc es: Killed in action Died of wounds Died from accident and other causes Died of disease Wounded severely Wounded (degree undetermined) Wounded slightly Missing in action 7 17 8 34 57" 141 142 17 423 AT PICKER'S MARKET Receipts and Prices of Livestock for the Past Week The.ic i;re the receipts and prices at Ricker's market for the week end ing Oct. 29. Poultry, 2000 at 20 to 25 cents; lambs, 300 at 8 to 13 cents; hogs, 296 at 14 to 15 cents; cattle, 890, at 4 to 10 cents; calves 1125, at 4 to 14 cents; mitch cows, 100 at $55 to f 150.