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VOLUME III NUMBER 112
ST. JOHNSBURY, VERMONT FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 8
PRICE TWO CENTS
THE
even
CALEDONIAN
CZECHOSLOVAKS .
FIGHT THROUGH
HOSTILE COUNTRY
Made a Successful Night
Attack on the
Bolsheviki
COSSACKS ASSISTED
IN THE BATTLE
Enemy Captured by Receiv
ing Fake Mesages from
Gen. Gaida
MESSAGE TO THE
BOYS OVERSEA!
Indianapolis Lawyer Will Carry Gov
ernor's Greetings to the Soldier,;;
Vladivostok, Sept. 12, (Correspon
dence of The Associated Press)
General Gi:ida's Czecho-Slovaks fight
ing their way through 2,G00 miles of
hostile territory furnishes a tale
less thrilline than that related of
Coftez' drive from Vera Cruz to the
ancient Aztec capital in the sixteenth
century. Like his illustrious predec
essor, he saw his forces arrow as his
successes multiplied, but his success
es, also like those of the adventurous
Spaniard, were due to his unflagging
courage and ingenious tactics and to
the loyalty of his men.
When the order came from Petro
grad countermanding the permission
given for the free movement of the
Czecho-Slovaks toward Vladivostok,
it found them strung out in a thin
line from the Volga to Vladivostok.
A twelve day truce, following the
first serious clash at Irkutsk when
the Bolsheviki undertook to disarm a
trainload of Czechs, applied only to
Eastern Siberia and was utilized by
Giada's men to get a running start
for the plunge through the thickest
of the struggle. Thereafter his pol
icy appears to have been to constant
ly prepare and execute some new sur
prise until the enemy was in such a
state of nerves that the approach of
a body of Czecho-Slovaks no matter
how small, was likely to throw him
into a panic.
Assisted by Cosacks and by Czechs
from Chiliabinsk, Colonel Kadlets,
then commander of the Czech forces
-Avc&tJU&ut&k, fought -his -way wejt
to Omsk, taking towns enroute. He
improved the time during the armis
tice to clean up the line westward to
the Urals.
Meantime, with resumption of hos
tilities to the eastward the Czech
Slovak forces between Krasnoyarsk
and Irkutsk found themselves hard
pressed and near to the end of their
resources. Kadlets doubled back
eastward and by a series of flanking
movements, falling upon the Bolshe
viki in the night, stampeded them
time after time. In this way he
pushed through to the relief of his
countrymen at Krasnoyarsk and
Irkutsk.
From Irkutsk to the southernmost
point of lake Baikal there are forty
one tunnels. It was the Czech's aim
to clear out the Bolsheviki without
giving them time to blow up these
tunnels and to that end they started
a small contingent overland to sur
prise the Bolsheviki beyond the series
of tunnels. These men marched four
days under greatest difficulties. They
became so pressed for food supplies
that they had to eat their horses. But
they accomplished their object. They
attacked the Bolsheviki in the mid
die of the night, captured their ma
chine guns and started them north
ward in disorder. The Bolsheviki
succeeded in blowing up one tunnel,
the last one in the series.
The Czechs and their Russian al
lies now had a clear track to the
southern extremity of the lake, to a
village named Slujianka, where the
blocked tunnel presented a serious
obstacle to further progress. They
dragged a few light guns over the
ridge and marched several contin
gents of troops around the obstruc
tion only to find the Bolsheviki mas
sed in force some 20 miles beyond.
The Czechs and. Russians suffered
heavy losses in the fighting here and
were forced back to within a few
miles of the tunnel.
Meantime the Czechs had cleared
the tunnel sufficiently to pass troops
through on foot. General Giada, who
had succeeded Colonel Kadlets in
command, caused decoy messages
to fall into the enemy's hands,
begging for help and declaring that
the tunnel was
and he in desparate straits, surround
ed and at the end of his resources.
The Bolsheviki thereupon moved
southward in high spirits, throwing
aside all caution. Bands played and
their progress was in the nature of a
triumphal march.
A few miles from the tunnel they
ran into an ambush which completely
demoralized them. Machine guns
' raked them from the hillsides and
field guns shelled them from the
rear. A tattered remnant of the Bol
sheviki army fled northward with the
few trains they were able to save.
Montpelier, Nov. 8 Governor Hor
ace F. Graham has sent the following
message to the Vermont boys at the
front. The governor's message ex
presses the pride of the people of the
state in their fighters and pledges
their ceaseless effort in sustaining the
men who i-.rc battling for civilization.
Cass Connaway, an Indianapolis,
Ind., attorney will carry the greetings
overseas. Connaway adjourned his
law practice for the period of the war
to don thj Y. M. C. A. uniform and
follow in tnc wake of his two soldier
sons. H ?. will visit the huts, hostels,
shelters and dugouts of the Y. M. C.
A., the Y. W. C. A., the War Camp
Comumniiy Service, National Catho
lic War Council (K of C), the Jewish
Welfare I-oard, American Library As
sociation and Salvation Army the
seven acci edited welfare agencies
that have joined in a United War
Work Campaign, November 11-18, to
raise $170,500,000 to carry on their
work for soldiers, sailors and marines
at home end abroad. Wherever he
comes across a man from Vermont
Connaway will give him the home
folks' gre sting.
Governor Graham's message reads:
"Will you please say to the boys
who carry Ihe Green Mountain spirit
cross the f.eas in this great war, that
every Vcrmonter wishes them all suc
cess and knows that, wherever they
may be, and upon whatever duty en
gaged, they will to the last men be
true to the best traditions of their
state.
"We know that they will remember
their deal." state was given its name
by one of the greatest of Frenchmen,
and one of the most famous Ver
monters f.ve to our capital the name
of one of France's most beautiful
cities. Ouv boys are returning to the
French people a portion of the debt
which America owes. New England,
at Hubbaidton, at Bennington, at
Stillwater t.nd at Saratoga, made this
great Republic a certainty. Let New
England, at the Rhine, help make
Democracv universal.
M JOHNSBURY
CHOOSE .--
ANDCtiRATES
Big Parade Led by "Uncle
Sam" and the Band
with Thousands
Following
LODGE OF ELKS
REPUBLICANS HAVE
48 SENATORS
Just Hah the Membership Michigan
and Idaho Results Still in Doubt
Washington, Nov. 7 With , the
Michigan and Idaho senatorialCon
tests still iri doubt, late returns from
Tuesday s elections tonight gave the
republica s p. total of 48 senators
just half the membership and lacking
one vote necessary to insure control
and 46 to the democrats.
In Michigan, the republican candi
date, Trumsh H. Newberry, was re
ported to have increased his lead to
about 6,800 votes over Henry Ford,
rent "U 1 9 a rrf'Pinfc! vyiic?c Tv TJ
CREMATE THE KAISER! ho, the democratic candidate, Sena-
. tor Nugent, was credited wih an in
creased lead of about, tiOO votes over
former Governor Goodings, the
publican candidate.
Vermont Home Guards Fol
low the Band and the
Parade Goes Through
Our Principal
Streets
re-
Hardly had the news of the end of
the war spread around town before
bells began to ring, the gong at the
scale works sounded for ten minutes
and horns and small boys appeared
on the streets. The noise continued
in intensity until dark and early in
the evening the town fittingly cele
brated by such a jollification as has
seldom been seen in this community.
It had been quickly arranged to
have a parade and bonfire and at least
5000 people were out to participate in
the general rejoicing. George W.
Young, Sr. Johnsbury's "Uncle Sam,"
rode joyously in a limousine, the St.
Johnsbury Band played patriotic airs,
Company "G, Vermont Home Guards,
headed the procession, while behind
them cam the St. Johnsbury lodge of
Elks. Tlicy were accompanied by
hundreds ol men, women and children
who followed along, with horns blow
ing, flags flying, and crackers and toy
pistols furnishing the rest of the
noise, if any more was necessary.
The Elks had the Kaiser in a coffin
and had ako arranged for red lights
Closeness of both Michigan and
Idaho contests, upon which demo
cratic or republican control of the
Senate depends, Was regarded as giv
ing prospect of official counts and
possibly c ontests later in the Senate.
: Republican control of the House,
however, is beyond all question. With
only one district missing the second
Montana the return tonight shows
republican 238; democrats 195, in
cluding one independent; socialist 1;
missing 1.
THE VOTE IN ST. JOHNSBURY
along tho route of the parade which
Those of us at home are ready to started at the Avenue House, march
ed up Eastern avenue, around the
principal streets on the "Plain" and
returned to Railroad street by Maple
street. In front of the depot the
bonfire was started, the Kaiser cre
mated and a general satisfaction ex
pressed at the disposition of the man
that started the war.
Many of the stores were brilliantly,
decorated with . flags and banners
and some cf the private houses were
illuminated.
For a ctlebration so quickly ar
ranged it was literally a "howling"
success and if some thought it was
prematura it was not in evidence last
night. Certainly the Kaiser was
very propel ly finished and St. Johns
bury celebrated in fine style.
The Town's Voters Followed
Lines Pretty Closely
Party
THE CASUALTY LIST
Two Vermonters among the Casual
ties Washington, Nov. 8 The follow
ing casualties are reported by the
commanding general of the Amer
ican Expeditionary Forces:
Killed in action
Died of accident and other causes
Died of disease
Wounded (degree undtermined)
Missing in action
Wounded slightly
Wounded severely
159
3
309
111
332
132
37
German Cities Join in Revolution Distressing Condi
tions in Austria British Forces Capture Two Vil
lages French Have Advanced Along the Whole
LINE.
1083
Wounded degree undetermined :
Michael Lyons, Norwalk.
Sydney Reynolds, Ferrisburg.
PREMATURE ANNOUNCEMENT OF WORLD
PEACE SENT BY RIVAL NEWS AGENCY
November Draft May Be Suspended Soldiers' Council
to Be Arranged in the City of Bremen Fighting
Continues Along the Whole Battle Line.
AMERICANS IN SEDAN
aid with every resource, that thev
may do their full part to give to the
world a lasting peace.
"With my best wishes and sending
the love and affection of the state to
all Vermonters overseas, I am
Yours very truly,
(Signed) Horace F. Graham."
ENGINE BLEW UP
Central Vermont Sends Aid to Coteau
Junction, Que.
St. lbarV. Nov. 6 The Central
Vermo.it railway sent a wreck outfit
to Cote .u Junction, Que., a small sta
tion near Rouses Point, N. Y., early
this morning to assist in clearing the
line of tho Delaware & Hudson rail
way following the blowing up of an
engine about 12.30 a. m. The brake
man of the D. & H. crew was killed
and the fireman badly injured. The
latter was blown some distance away
and it wan. some time before he was
found. Six cars were derailed and
some if them pitched down an em
bankment. It is not known whether
there we any other casualties. The
engine was attached to a southbound
freight trar; out of Rouses Point.
In the vote for the county ticket
the republican ticket received the fol
lowing vote : Senators, Carr, 746, Stu
art, 730; assistant judges, Oscar C.
Woodruff, 770, M. D. Coffrin, 745;
judge of probate, Walter P. Smith,
806, state's attorney, James B. Camp
bell, 783; fheriff, Wilbur H. Worthen,
803; -hili bailiff, Byron M. Bundy,
753.
The county democratic vote was as
follows: -Senators, Richardson, 502,
Roy, 477; assistant judges, James A.
Gallagher, 424, Charles R. Hoyt, 415;
judge of probate, John P. Weeks,
417; state's attorney, Arthur L.
Graves, 447; sheriff, E. C. Graves,
427; high k'iliff, D. P. Coveny, 439.
The Congressional vote was as fol
lows: Porter H. Dale, 820; John B.
Reardon, 449; Porter H. Dale, pro.,
36.
The foliowing union justice ticket
was elected by 1343 votesDelos M.
Bacon, Edwir. C. Potter, Aristide La-chancerr'h-ilip
A." FletcherTHarry H'.
Carr, George H. Morrill,. Edwin E.
Grant, Fred D. Gilman; Walter P.
Smith, Charles Fassett, William- H.
Jenks, Conrad "Y. Beck, Reverdy A.
Cramer, Thomas J. Tierney, John M.
Ferham.
City Now Completely Occupied
With the American Armies in
France, Nov. 7, 1.50 p. m. Ameri
can troops of the First Army enter
ed the western outskirts of Sedan at
4 o'clock yesterday afternoon, and
completed occupation of the city this
morning.
Seizure of Sedan cut the principal
communications between the armies
of the German Crown Prince and
General'' von Gallwitz, inflicting a
serious defeat on the enemy, who
rushed northward in full rout.
All French territory in the Ameri
can zone has been practically cleared,
the Germans fleeing across the Bel
gian border.
In the last six days, the Americans
have advanced more than 2b ..liles,
freed 700 square kilometres of terri
tory, liberated 2000 civilians and cap
tured enormous stores of material.'
(By the Associated Press), 3.00 P. M.
LQNDON GERMAN MAJORITY PARTIES
HELD FINAL DISCUSSION ON THE QUESTION OF
EMPEROR WILLIAMS' ABDICATION AND WILL
UNDOUBTEDLY DEMAND UNANIMOUSLY THAT
HE ABDICATE, SAYS A COPENHAGEN DESPATCH
THE ABDICATION, THE DESPATCH ADDS, WILL
PROBABLY OCCUR SATURDAY.
Mrs. Stella Folsom
PVT. P. J. FRENCH WOUNDED
WEST DANVILLE
For i-ia first time in history West
Danville sendc a representative, A. J.
Goss, democrat, and the people feel
proud of their choice. There will be
a reception for him at the Maplewood
hall Friday evening. Everybody invit
ed. Judg'i Harland B. Howe and
Harry Witters will be present.
Mr. and Mrs. Warner Willey of
Wheelock spent Sunday at C. C. Far
rington's. School commenced again Monday.
Mr. and Mrs. George Kittridge
spent Sunday at Walden.
Mrs. Buck and little daughter of
Wheelock are spending a few days
with Mvs. Clavton Farnneton.
Anna LVickett went to Barnet last
Saturday. Her school opened again
Monday.
Little Eve. Hunt, who has been
visiting hei grandmother, Mrs.
George Kittridge, has returned to her
home at St. Johnsbury.
Enlisted from Utah and Had Been
Over the Top Four Times
Mrs. Eila A. James, housekeeper
for her brother at Rockland, Mass.,
has received word that her son, Pri
vate Percy J. French, had been twice
woundod in action on the battlefront,
on the hip and the right le;r below the
knee. 1 .0 has been over the top f our
times. T i-e young soldier is a mem
ber of Co. I. 59th regiment, and en
listed fro n Kanba, Utah. He writes
a cheery letter home, date of October
9, says the fighting will be over by
February .nd he expects to be home
by July rext.
Mrs. J.imes' home is in St. Johns
bury and her husband is doing his
part to win the wrar as well as Pri
vate French as he is engaged in three
Vermont towns getting out ship tim
ber for the government.
THE DEER SEASON
Only Nine
Days of
Year
Hunting This
The open deer season this year is
from November 10 to November 20,
inclusive, Sundays excepted, having
therefore, nine days of hunting. The
season opens at 5 o'clock a. m., Mon
day, November 11, and continues to
Wednesday, November 20, 5 o'clock
p. m." Hunt only between 5 o'clock
in the forenoon and 5 o'clock in the
afternoon. Only such deer as has
horns at least three inches in length
may be killed. A person shall not
take more than one such deer during
such open season. A person taking
such deer shall forthwith exhibit the
animal's head to the nearest fish and
game warden or to some person duly
authorized by the state fish and game
commissioner to receive such reports.
BAR EXAMINATIONS
REMAINS BERLIN
NO ALLIANCE WITH GERMANY
Citizens of New Hampshire City Will
Keep Their Name
Berlin, N. H., Nov. 6 Citizens of
Berlin yest erday decided by a vote of
933 to 563 to retain the name of the
city, notwithstanding complaints that
its sound was unpleasant to American
ears. The name proposed was
Mayneaboro, by which the town was
known before it was incorporated as
a city. .
REV. D. J. O'SULLIVAN DIES
Four Candidates Make Applications
One Is a Soldier
Montp .lier, Nov. 6 The annual ex
amination held by the bar examiners
is taking place today and will con
tinue Thursday in the county court
house in. Montpelier. . There are four
candidate 3 who made application to
practice of law. One of these is a
soldier, so he did not appear, so only
three -ice being examined. At the
end of the examinations if they qual
ify and have studied the regular
length of time the usual procedure is
to admit them to the bar.
Rain late
warmer.
Russia Disgusted with the Atrocious
War
Moscow, Oct. 15 (Correspondence
of the Associated Press) "Soviet
Russia will never enter into an alli
ance wit'l flpmuiTiv nni- with thn fn.
hopelessly blocked jtente n0wers," recently declared Leo
Kameneff, the Bolshevik leader named
as ambassador to Austria, who, held
as a prisonei for six months by the
Finnish white guards, has returned
to Russn.
"We have ceased war making and
will not be a toy in the hands ' of
this or that imperialism," Kameneff
declared in a speech to the Moscow
soviet. "We are surrounded by an
iron rin ?nd the only salvation for
us is to adhere to our original policy.
The working men of Russia must
fight for complete independence."
Discussing Norway and Sweden,
where Kameneff recently visited, he
said, "They are neutral only as to
this wax ar.U not neutral to socialistic
Russia. We socialists have no al
lies, no friends and no neutrality."
WEATHER
tonight and Saturday
Strength Failed through Exertion in j
Epidemic
St. Albans, Nov. 7 The Rev. Dan
iel J. O 'Sullivan, aged 65 years, for 27
years permanent rector at St. Mary's
church, died this afternoon at 2.25
o'clock at St. Mary's rectory after a
two weeks' illness.
He was one of the incorporators
of the Catholic diocese of Burlington,
moderator of the matrimonial court
and diocesan director of the Apostle
ship of Prayer. He was one of the
three whose names wera sent to the
Pope as candidates for the bishopric
of the diocese in 1897.
Father O 'Sullivan represented the
city of St. Albans in the general as
semblies of 1902-03 and 1904-05.
Father O'Sullivan was a scholarly
man of broad culture, unsparing f
time and strength in his work and
during the recent epidemic in this
city visited the sick and dying and
officiated at funerals until his own
strength failed.
The Armory Suggested for a Public
Reception
Editor Caledonian:
The new.i that Chaplain Moody, U.
S. Army, h;a- returned from the war,
on a well-earned furlough, has elec
trified our town. And a greater mag
net than even St. Johnsbury will in a
day or two draw him to our midst.
If we were a city and had a mayor,
immediate arrangements would be
made I am sure for some appropriate
reception. Who then will take the
lead? Because what is everybody's
business is nobody's business, as a
daily mi bite servant, may I venture
to suggest that you, Mr. Editor, make
some urranjrements, that St. Johns
bury may have the chance to show in
some way honor and welcome to
Chaplain Moody. The Armory is
certainly the appropriate place, al
ready hallowed by Sergeant Farnam
and other war speakers.
Yours truly, Alfred PooleDa abo
Yours triil y,
ALFRED POOLE GRINT
Nov. 6, 1918
A 1 gloom wras cast over this com
munity Sunday evening, Oct. 6, when
it was learned that Mrs. Stella Fol
som had passed from this life to the
great beyond.
Mrs. Folsom was born in East Con
cord January 8, 1868, the daugnter of
Henry R. Pratt and Dorcas Grant
Pratt. Tho earlier years of her life
were all' spent there. September 21,
1885, she married Andrew Folsom.
One son was born to them, Dr. Henry
A. Folsom, who survived his mother
by three clays. The circumstances
seem unusually sad as Mrs. Folsom s
father, H. R. Pratt, passed away Sep
tember 27, Mrs. Folsom October 6,
Dr. H. A. Folsom October 9, thus
taking the three generations in less
than two weeks. Mrs. Folsom had a
very severe attack of pneumonia last
April, from which she never fully re
covered. She with her father and
Miss Grace Waite have spent their
summers at Miles Pond, where Mrs.
Folsom built a camp a few years ago
known as Camp Redwing. The past
summer she did not regain her health
as her friends "wished she might, and
when she vi as stricken with the dread
disease sbt- did not have the vitality)
to carry it through. Everything was
done for her that human power could
do, but at the end of a week's illness
she passedaway.- Her mother and
only sister both died with the same
disease a few years ago.
About lf years ago Mrs. Folsom
opened nv'llinery parlors here. She
has been ore of the most popular and
successful milliners of the town.
Three yeary ago she also bought a
millinery store at Morrisville, where
she also has carried on a very suc
cessful business. She was a woman
of great ability and one who had a
large circle of friends, for to know
her was to love her, for she always
had a smi'e and pleasant word for
everyone and always sympathized
with those in trouble, never thinking
of herself. She was always happiest
when doing kindly deeds for others.
She leaves one brother, Frank Powers
of East Concord, and little grandson,
Henry Folsom Jr. The funeral ser
vices weee held from the house
Wednesday, Oct. 9, being private ow
ing to the strict quarantine. Rev.
George A. Martin officiated. The
floral tributes were exceptionally
large and beautiful and showed the
high esteem in which she was held.
The bearers were U. S. Grant, James
Grant, Frank Powers and Harry Mc
Donald. She was laid to rest in Mt.
Pleasant cemetery. Among those
called here to attend the funeral were
Harry McDonald of New York, Mrs.
Frank Strecter of Ha'nover, Frank
Powers, James Grant, Mr. and Mrs.
John Folscm, John McDonald of East
Concord, Harry Folsom of Barton, U.
S. Grant of Lyndbnville.
. Cast-iron cannon were not made till
the latter part of the 15th century.
Previously they were always made of
bronze.
(Associated Press Despatch)
A Paris despatch dated at 4.20 a. m. said that the
German delegates sent to meet Marshal Foch to consider
the terms of the armistice crossed the Allied lines near
La Capelle last night. They wTere taken to a house where
preparations were made to receive them and where they
spent the night. This morning they will be conducted
o a place in the Aisne department fifixed by Marshal
Foch. This journey will consume about four, hours'
ttime. When they arrive if their credentials are .found
adequate they will then be officially informed of the
terms of the armistice and be given 72 hours to reply.
The statement wras authorized from 1 the ; White
House that' whenever word came of the signing of the ,
armistice in France it would be immediately announced
by President Wilson himself. When this statement was
r ade the White House had not been advised whether the
German delegation had reached Marshal Foch's head
quarters. They were expected to reach there about
noon, Paris time.
The State and War Departments at Washington
were kept open all night in .readiness for any informa
tion that the German plenipotentiaries had signed the
armistice. On the basis of despatches from France it
will take some time to get the news.
A despatch from London says that the cities of Bre
men. Schwerin :.,nd Tilsit have joined in the revolution.
A despatch received here from Copenhagen said that Dr.
Liebnecht is said io have arranged for th fornstjon of
a soldiers' council at Bremen.
A London despatch says that the British are contin
uing their advance along' an active battlefront. Field
Marshal Haig announttj- the capture of twj villages be
tween Mons and M- iulerge.
A Paris despatch says that the French resumed
their advance along the whole front this morning. The
French have reached the railway center of Liart about
Vventy miles north of Rethel.
A New York despatch says that millions of Ameri
ncas realized this morning that they had been hoaxed
into celebrating the end of the war by the publication of
United Press despatches yesterday declaring that the
armistice had been signed and fighting ended. Each
hour brings added official evidence that the reports were
false, and that Americans were fooled. Instead of fight
ing ended at 2.00 yesterday it continued throughout the
nightt. The only point in the whole battleline where the
fighting ceased was where it was necessary t to let the
German commisisoners pass through The 'Associated
Press did not receive nor distribute any of the despatch
es which misled the Americans yesterday. On the other
hand by investigation through official channels the As
sociated Press was able to expose it.
A Washington despatch says that Provost Marshal
General Crowder conferred with department heads to
day relative to the possible suspension of the November
draft calls under which over 300,000 men have been or
dered to camp.
Travellers coming to Berne, Switzerland, report
that complete chaos prevails in Austria. All the railroad
villages are flooded with the returning armies in full dis
order. The troops are plundering in their starved con
dition to get the necessary supplies.
German resistance against American .pressure west
cf the Meuse stiffened considerably today. The Germans
are using artillery, gas and machine guns.
The village of Beaumont, where there are more than
400 French civilians is the particular target of the Ger
mans. All last night they deluged Beaumont with poison
gas. ... .

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