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THE EVEN IN G CALEDON IAN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1918
PAGE FIVE STEADIER HOG MARKETS PLANNED Hog Producers and Packers Confer With Repre sentatives cf the Food Administration and , Agricultural Department and Adopt New Plan of Regulation. In accordance with tlie policy of the Food Administration since its founda tion to consult representnlive men in the aKrlculhirnl industry on occasions of importance to special branches of the fndustry, on October 24 there as convened In Washington a meeting of the Live Stock Subcommittee of the Agricultural Advisory Ronrd snd the special members representing the swim? fDdustry to consider the situation In the hog market. The conference lasted for three days, and -during this time met with the executive committee of the fifty packing firms participating in foreign orders for pork products and with the members of the Food Administration directing foreign pork purchases. The conclusions of the conference were ns follows: i The entire marketing situation has .producer and the Insurance of an nde- so changed since the September joint conference ns to necessitate an entire Alteration in the plans of price stabi lization. The current peace talk has alarmed the holders of corn, and there lias been a price decline of from 25 cents to 40 cents per bushel. The fact ,1hat the accumulations of low priced t-nrn in the Argentine and South Afri ca would, upon the advent of peace and liberated shipping. ' become avail able to the European market has cre ated a great deal of apprehension on the pnrt of corn holders. This decline lias spread fear among swine growers that a similar reduction in the prices of hogs would naturally follow. More over, the lower range of corn prices would, if incorporated in a 13-to-l ra tio, obviously result in a continuously falling price for live hogs. In view of these changed conditions many swine producers anticipated lower prices and as a result rushed their hogs to market In large numbers, and his overshlpment has added to and aggravated the decline. The Information of the Department of Agriculture Indicates that the sup ply of hogs has increased about 8 per 'ent., while the highest unofficial esti mate does not exceed 15 per cent, in creased production over last year. On the other hand, the arrival of hogs ;lurlng the last three weeks In the psven great markets has. been 27 per Vent, more than last year, during the corresponding period, demonstrating ibo unusually heavy marketing of the available supply. -Ii the-face of the 'excessive receipts some packers have not maintained the price agreed last month. On the other hand, many of the packers have paid over the mice offered to them In an endeavor 'to maintain the agreed price. The re suit In any event has been a failure to maintain the October price basis determined upon at the September con ference and undertaken by the pack ers. Another factor contributing to ihe break in prices during the month has been the influenza epidemic; it has sharply curtailed consumption of pork products and temporarily de creased the labor staff of the packers about 23 per cent. The exports of 1 .".0.000,000 pounds of pork products for October com pared with about 52,000,000 pounds in October a year ago. and the export orders placoable by the Food Administration for November, amount to 170,000,000 pounds as contrast ed with the lesser exports of 5S,000.000 for November, 1917. The increased demands of the allies arc continuing, and are In themsclve proof of the necessity for the large production for which the Food Admin lsrratlon asked. The Increase in ex port demands appears to be amply sufficient to take up the increase In hog production, but unfavorable mar ket conditions existing in October af- quate future supply. These foreign orders are placed upon the basis of cost of hogs to the packers. As the result of long negotiations he'wceu this body and the Packers' Committee, representing the 4." to 50 packers participating in foreign or ders, together with the Allied buyers, al! under the (Tinlrnmnsiiin of the Food Administration, the following un dertaking has been given by the pack ers : In view of the undertakings on the part of . the Food Administration with legard to the co-ordinated purchases of pork products, covered in t tie at tached, it is agreed that the packers participating in these orders will un dertake not lo purchase hogs for less than the following agreed mlnimums for the month of November, that is a daily minimum of $ 1 T.."0 per hundred pounds on average of peckers' droves, excluding throw-outs. "Throw-outs" to be defined as pigs under 130 pounds, stags, boars, thin sows and skips. Further, that no hogs of nnv kind shall be bought, except throw outs,., at less than $10.50 per hundred pounds. The average of packers' droves to be construed as the average of the total sales in the market of ail hogs for a given day. All the abov? to be based on Chicago. We agree that a committee shall be appointed by the Food Administration to check the daily operations in the various markets with a view to super vision and demonstration of the carry ing out of the above. The ability of the packers to cr.rry out this arrangement will depend on there being a liormai marketing of bogs based upon the proportionate In crease over the receipts of last year. The increase in production appears to be a maximum of about lCk.per cent, and we can handle such an increase. If the producers of bogs should, as they have in the past few weeks, pre maturely market hogs in such increas ing numbers over the above it Is en tirely beyond the ability of the pack ers to maintain these mininnims, and therefore we must have the co-operation of the producer himself to main tain these results. It is a physical impossibility for the capacity of the packing houses to handle a similar over-flood of hogs and to find a market for the output. The packers are anx ious to co-operate with the producers in maintaining a stabilization of price and to see that producers receive a fan price for their products. (Signed) TMOS. R. WILSON, Chairman Packers' Committee. The plan embodied above was adopt ed by the conference. . The Food Administrator has appoint ed a committee, comprising Mr. Thomas E. Wilson, chairman of the Pack ers' Committee; Air. Everett Brown, president of the Chicago Livestock Ex change; Major Boy of (lie Food Ad ministration, Air. Louis D. Hail of the Bureau of Markets, to, undertake the supervision of the execution of the plan in the various markets. Com mi s- Llvestock Subcommittee nf the Agri cultural Advisory Board, together with special swine members and the representatives of the packers, to im prove the present unsatisfactory situ ation, which has unfortunately result- Til UL 111 JV. . I IVMi "JJ. Uiy.tjll" j troiiabie tactors. We ask the producer to co-opernt with us in a roost, difficult task. The members of the. Conference were: Producers H. C. Stuart. JEik Gar den, Va., Chairman Agricultural Ad visory Board; W. M. AIcFadden, Chi cago, III.; A. Sykes, Ida Grove, la.; John M. Eward, Ames. In.; .1. H Mer cer, Live Stock Commission for Kan sas ; J. G. Brown, Monon. Ind. ; K. C Browh, President Chicago Livestock Exchange; N. H. Gentry, Sedalia, Mo.; John Gratlan Broomfield, Colo. ; Eu gene Funk, Bloomington, III. ; Isaac Lincoln, Aberdeen, S. D. ; C. W. Hunt, Logan, la.; C. E. Yancey, W. R. Do son. Food Administration Herbert Hoo ver, F S. Snyder, Major E. L. Roy, O. H. Powell. . Department of Agriculture Louis D. Hall, F. B. Marshall. : The packers present and others sharing iQ foreign orders were repre sented by the elected packers' commit tee. Those represented were : Packers Armour -& Co., Chicago, 111.; Cudahy Packing Co., Chicago, II!.; Morris & Co., Chicago, III.; Swift & Co., Chicago, 111.; Wilson & Co., Chica go, 111.; John Agar Co., Chicago, III.; Armstrong Packing Co., Dallas, Tex.; Boyd Dunham & Co., : Chicago, III.; Brennan Packing Co., Chicago, 111..; Cincinnati Abattoir Co., Cincinnati,. O. ; Cleveland Provisions Co.. . Cleve land, O. ; Cudahy Bros- Co., Cudahy. Wis.; J. Dold Packing Co., Buffalo. N. T. ; Dunlevy Packing Co., Pittsburg. Pa.; J. E. Decker & Sons, Mason City, la.; Evansvilie Packing Co., Evnns ville, Ind. ; East Side Packing Co., East St., Louis, 111.; Ilammond. Staiidisli & Co., Detroit, Mich.; G. A. Horuiel & Co., Austin, Alinn.; Home Packing & Ice Co., Terre Haute, Ind. ; Independ ent Packing Co., Chicago, 111.; Indian apolis Abattoir Co., Indianapolis, Ind.; International Provision Co., Brooklyn. N. IV, Interstate Packing Co.. Winona, Minn.; Iowa Tacking Co., Dos Moines, la.; Powers Begg Co., Jacksonville, Bl. ; Kingnn & Co., Indianapolis, Ind.; Krey Packing Co., St. Louis, AIo. ; Lake Erie Provision Co., Cleveland, O. ; Lay ton Co., Milwaukee, Wis. ; Oscar Mayer & Bro., Sedgwick' and Beethoven streets, Chicago, 111.; J. T. McMillan Co., St. Taui, Alinn.; Miller & Hart, Chicago, III.; J. Morrell & Co., pttum- wa, la.; iucuoiis-,i'acKing to.. irueoio, . Colo.; Ogden Packing and Provision j Co., Ogden, Utah; Ohio, Provision Co., j Cleveland, O. ; Parker Webb & Co., Do- j troit. Mich.: Pittsburc Packing and! Provision Co., Pittsburg, .. . P. c . km! J I ' : - r.:.'-- --arras : y;;y IJTtK'fv m frts1 - lif.i'MM,!- m-y-:Mmmw Si r llHar' 5iiw ? ISB yMW. i cA -cits iii-E txz--s d h,MnrWt.-. , r n it--i i thing i coma aoi Bath ,Packing Co., Waterloo, la.; Roberts ft i Oake, Chicago, III. ; Robe & Bros., New j York City; W. C. Routh & Co., Logans port, Ind..; St Louis Ind. Packing Co st. Louis, Mo. ;. -Sinclair & Co., T. M. Cedar Rapids, la.; i'ullivnn & Co., De troit, Alich. ; Theurer-Norton Provision Co., Cleveland, O. ; Wiison Provision Co.', Peoria, 111.; Western Packing and Provision Co., Chicago, III.;. Ciarlen Wolff Packing Co., Topeka, Kan. ford no fair index of the aggregate i s;on men are asked to co-operate supply and demand It must be evident that the enor mous shortage in fats In the Central Empires and, neutral-countries would Immediately upon peace result in ad ditional demands for pork products which, on top of the heavy shipments to the Allies, would tend materially to increase the American exports, in asmuch as no considerable reservoir of supplies exists outside of the United States. It seems probable that the present prospective supplies would be inadequate to meet this world demand with the return to peace. So far as it is possible to interpret this fact, it ap pears that there . should be even a stronger demand for pork products after the wj r, and therefore any alarm f hog producers as to the effect of peace Is ut;warranted by the outlook. In the fight of these circumstances if is the conclusion of the conference that attempts to hold the price of hogs to the price of corn may work out to the disadvantage of pork producers. It is the conclusion that any Interpre tation of- the; formula should be a broad gauged policy applied over a ,long period. It is the opinion of the conference tViat in substitution of the previous , plans of stabilization the Live Stock Subcommittee of the Agri cultural Advisory Board, together with the f penally. Invited swine representa tives, .shoudd accept the invitation of the FcKd Xdmini st ration to join with the Administration and the packers in tirtrvr.'.rfing the prices at which con trolled rport orders are to be placed. This wMl be regularly Ione. The In fluencejo these orders will be directed to tbe( n?antf nam e of the common ot jor(4aIneTy,' the stabilization of the r'if ft 'iy hn?s so as to secure as far as It in carrying out the plan embodied in the packers' agreement. It must be evi dent that offers by commission men to sell hogs below the . Aitnlmum estab lished above Is not fair, either to the producer or the participating packers. Mr. Brown has undertaken on behalf of the commission men in the United States .that they will loyally support the plan. It is believed by the conference that this new plan, based as it is upon a positive minimum basis, will bring bet ter results to the producer than aver age prices for the month. It does not limit top prices and should narrow the margins necessary to country buy ers in more variable markets. It is believed that the plan should work out close to SIS average. Swine producers of the country will contribute to their own - interest by not flooding the market, for it must bo evident that if an excessive over per centage of hogs is marketed in any one month price stabilization and con trol cannot succeed, and it is certain that producers themselves can contti btite materially to the efforts of the conferences if they will do their mark eting In as normal a way as possible. The whole situation as existing at present demands a frank and explicit assurance from the conferees repre sented namely, that every possible effort will be made to maintain a live hog price commensurate with swine production costs and reasonable sell ing values In execution of the declared policy of the Food Administration to use every agency In its control to secure Justice to the farmer. The stabilization methods adoptei for November represent the best ef fort of th c'nfererro, roncsrre3 in QOOCK30C)CX)OOOCX)OOOQOOOQOO Pretty Boudoir Caps There are some pretty new boudoir caps for the holidays, made of the usual light-colored silks and various laces. Crepe georgette and net and. crepe le chine furnish a variety of, materials for them. The cap shown here is of light blue crepe do chine and has a graceful cape across the back. It is edged with lace and has a band of ribbon about it with a little cluster of pink ribbon flowers at each nido near the temples. One could not ask for a daintier Christmas gift. Protect Your Chickens ;uid .sure enough it does. -A rat will leave all other food to- ket RAT SNA P and it's the last lie cats. UAT SNAI chemically cremates the car cass. Doesn't have, to be- mixed with other food. Won't blow away, dry up,, soil or decay. . Surest,, quickest. cleanest, safest to kill rate, mice and j roaches. Four sizes, 25c, 50c, $1.00 unit f.i Of) r,M hv rtiarli A ,.. vehngssoastosecureasfar forts oi in- ' "J"' les & Co., and Arthur E. Smith. St poEEibi, t&ir returns to. the by tood Admimsuatioii an4 the Johnsbury Vt jj Coodrich, Car- was some "HEN you think of what the boys "over there" are doing to help the great cause of freedom, wouldn t you just give anything to be there and help them? Wouldn't you fairly jump at the chance to do anything in the world to back, up the men that are fighting? .You can't be there yet, of course, but there is a place for a boy who wants to help our country, a place where he can show the stuff he is made of as well as he could over in France. There is a new opportunity for boys who want to do their share to ward winning the war. It is called the Victory Boys. Its motto fs, "A million boys behina a miiJiuii fighters." The organizations for which- the Victory Boys are working provide the soldier with his movie theatre, his church, his club, his store vhere he buys the little everyday things he needs. .When he is hungry, they to victory. feed him; when he is tired, they . comfort him. When you enroll with the Vic tory Boys, you pledge yourself to go out and earn money for this great work that the soldier needs so much. Ask your neighbors for odd jobs. Tell them of the great cause you are working for. If you can pledge yourself to earn $20, remember that tor rive months you are taking care v of one soldier your soldier. Wear the Victory Boys button it is a badge of honor. It means that you are doing everything in ' your power to help your country ' US For further Information inquire at the Victory Boys Division of your local committee for the, ..-. . -7..- '':r,-. rx - ' . .. . -:r'.rS. - - - :- -." --.si. rr JL AWBRICAN LIBRARf ifv "' " " """ " ' ' 1 - i in "" ' " b 1 This Space Contributed by 4. x - iuet, Vt.