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News and citizen. [volume] (Morrisville, Vt. ;) 1881-current, September 16, 1886, Image 4

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THE MASTERIES OF A DAY.
fcTRAN'GE ANI CURIOTJS EVENTS THAT
TAIvE PLACE DAILY.
The Georgia Convicts-Playing Cards In
Jk'nsztnnd A Surprised Editor In a Nor.
way Thunderstorm A Vt of Sawiogs.
Jttc, Etc. "
i ui owiss Confederation is. next to
r.in .Marino, which is a mere toy Kenb
uiuca representative govern
.vui ul lue moaera world. It is
unmet oi ellersonmn simplicity. The
Congress meets twice a year and rarely
""uua lls sessions over three weeks.
its members receive four dollars
a dav
annnar its sittinon
There is a Fecit
council of seven, one of whom is chosen
as President for one year. This Council
is elected by the Congress. There is no
cumbrous Electoral College, as with us,
and no lonir or second or third terms.
The popular elections are held in the
Ciiurches and the corruption of voters or
the stuffing of the bal.ot-box or rioting
about the polls is unknown. A civil
service law, unwritten but real, pre
vail, and good men grow old and die
iu the public service. .Nowhere, except
in the army, is age a disqualifier. Tne
Swiss statesmen are all gray-haired.
Di king a severe thunder-storm which
passed over Central Xorway recently, a
remarkable example of the power of
Jigmning was witnessed, la a held at
Loiten, a fir tree eighty feet in height
was struck by lightning some twelve
feet irom the ground, with the effect
that the tree was cut in halves, and the
upper portion about sixty feet in
length thrown a distance of several
yards. The most curious part is, how
ever, that the surface -tf the detached
part is as smooth as if the tree had been
eawed through, while that of thj stump
iciuaimng in tno ground is jagged,
marreu, ana spunteied to the root.
1 he ground around the tree is furrowed
in all directions, one being several feet
in width and depth, and extending for
eonie ten yards. A spruce tree close by
shows a furrow an inch in width, run
ning from a height of six feet down to
me roo.s.
Caleb Ccshisg, who left no children,
in a letter which he wrote from Mount
Vernon one Fourth of July, said: "We
may regret sometimes that Washington
left uj posterity of his own body to
continue his name and race, and to re
tain and cultivate his lands. But what
perpetuity of name had Jefferson, Madi
son, and Jackson i They have immor
tality, not in heaven only, but on earth
as well. Should not th3t suffice? .And
as to Washington, what son or grand
son him succeeding could have continued
his fame? Let us be content to have
him stand in his solitary grandeur. AVe
should not have tolerated a descendant
ol his presuming on his b'ood, nor
should we have been satisfied with one
of inferior metal."
There are various methods of amuse
ment in different parts of the world
among dlilerent people For instance,
one of the pastimes among the convicts
in the Georgia pris-on camps that af
fords amusement to the "trustys," is
for one of them to take a three or four
mile run early in the morning to keep
the bloodhounds in training. The
trusty is always perfectly willing to
make the race, and is paid for his
trouble by the bosses The only dan
ger connected with it, says the Georgia
paper from which the item is taken, is
that some thoughtless person might
take a shot at the running negro, think
ing that he was making his escape from
the camp.
Everything is done on a large scale
on the I'atiiic coast, according to the
dwellers thereon. But the biggest load
of sawiogs ever hauled over a road in
Washington Territory recently arrived
at Seatile. There were eighteen logs,
ranging from 3-4 to 120 feet in length.
'1 he longest ones are intended for ves
sels' masts, and cno has a diameter of
Bt inches, and another 48 inches in the
middle. The latter contains 13,000 feet
o. lumber, and the total measurement is
about 100,000 feet. Their gross weight
is about 050,000 pounds, and they are
to be snipped to the Atlantic coast.
VJgau.i; paper uaad- unique
..."-.--. i luuiuna Mtewjer takes
pleaMire in reporting that one day last
week it received a letter inclosing the
sum of j. 10. The sender did not sign
his name, and only stated that the
amount was justly due and should have
been l aid ten years ago; that he had
oiie West without notifying the pub
lisher of the fact. He said his con
science had troubled him off and on
ever since, and he now hoped for rest.
The edi.or of the Messenger is said to be
still suffering seriously from the shock.
As official return just issued gives
some interesting information about the
manufacture of playing cards in Eng
land. At present there are nineteen
i amfacturers in the Lnited Kingdom,
who pay a license of 20s., and who pro
duced 800,000 parks last year. This
did not meet the demands of the Eng
lish cirri p'aycr, so half as many again
were imported from Austrian and Amer
i aa masters. The stamp duty imposed
on those cards is now a fairly Important
source of revenue. Last year it amount
ed to nearly 13,000.
Ma. R A. Torrece, of Chester. Pa.,
claims to have made the I m feather
d aster used in the United States. This
is his story: "When I was thirteen
years eld 1 was working with my step
brother, George Steele, on Pearl street,
?cw York, and one day I fa-tened some
rAtrich leathers on a stick and used the
appliance for uusting. (ieorge watched
the operati n and an idea struck him.
He got to work and soon had a pattern
for a eatner dmtcr. He had it patented
and then entered into the nn:,ff 1
an! sale of the new wares."
Oke of the best directions to avoid
drowning is: "Lock the hands behind
the ba k, fully inflate the lungs, tnd
close the mouih." A Chicago gentle
man once gave these directions to his
daughter, and two or three weeks ago,
hile she was rowing on Lake Michgan,
her boat capsized, and she was only
saved from drowning by following this
rule. As she observed its directions
she went under but a .short distance,
and upon reaching the surface she float
ed until a boat put out from shore and
rescued hef.
- The beautiful Greek wife of nenry
T Vail, of New York city, is spending
the summer at Bar .Harbor, and the
ILeivisron Jot r al Has this bit of
gossip
about her: While traveling
in Gree: e.
young Vail, son of the late Henry Vail,
fir years cashier of the Bank of Com
merce, met her, fell in love with her at
first sight, proposed, and was married
in three days. The mutch was not a I
nappy one, and the couple separated.
At the death ot Mr. Vail, the elder,
the money was left to Mrs. Vail, the son
being cut o$ without a cent.
That eminent English physician, Sir
Henry Thompson, thinks that more than
one half the diseases which embitter
iife aie d..e to errors in diet. An over
supply of nutrition, which must go
somewhere, produces liver diseases,
pout rheumatism and various other dis
orders. To eat too much is a blunder,
and to wash down nutritious food with
nutritious drink ii one of the greatest
dicta y indisrretions that can be in
dulged, epecially for persons of seden
tary habits.
Oeoroe Phillips, of Binghampton,
Solano county, Cal.. has just completed
an organ con aining 400 pipes, the long
est, wing sixteen ieet. All the pipes '
nre made of old newsoapers rolled and i
fastened with a pa te made of glue and I
alum. The wood work was m-de en- i
t;r lv of old fence boards, posts, dry '
goods boxes, and the like. He was two
years in building this instrument, which !
is said to have nn excellent tone. '
A 'sew ash plausible explanation of
ine destructive lues occurring
in pine
forests is offered.
'I he pine resin exud-;
ing from the trees is often of lens shape,
ami before it thoroughly hardens fre
quency of crystalline clearness. It is
mmnised 1 1 i at while in that condition a
resii' lens may focus the sun's ravs upon
some liiiht twig or resinous noint and so
start a blaze that quickly cats up a
fo.-est.
"The voracity of both cod and pike
is proverbial," savs the .SY. June Gazette.
'and the appetite of the eel appears un
failing. The trout is a shy and timi 1
feeder, and at times, as fly-fishers well
know, will 'no feed awa.' But tLe
n.an oi i an nervine naa an experieme
the other day while angling in the river
I hi, using wcrms as bait on the favor
ito Stewart taclle, which shows that
sometimes after a drought the trout can
be ravenous indeed. He hooked a fish.
and the gut bre king, put in another
tackle; hooked a fish again, and broke,
and again renewed the tackle. A third
time he hooked and this time landed;
when to his astonishment he found the
three tackles of nine hooks in all in the
mouth of the same fish."
A span of small broncho mares that
was brought from Montana to Dead
-ood. Dakota, eia-ht years ago, was le
cently lost by their owner, who, after
considerable inquiry, gave up the mares
for lost. A few days ago he received a
letter from a friend in Montana, sayincr
the bronchos were back to their old
feeding grounds.
SHORT SUMMER SERM0XS.
As Delivered by Brother Gardner, or the
Lime-Kiln Club. .
De longer I lib on top dis airth de
harder I am convinced dat de man who
profits by your advice gibs you no credit
fur it, while de one who loses by it am
your enemy. I has reached de pass in
my private life whar', in case a naybur
steps in to as my opinyun about de
weather fur de nex' twenty-four hours,
I dodge de inquiry an' turn de convcr
sashun to hard cider as soon as possible.
If I predict rain an' hit it, dar may be
too much fur his beans or not 'null fur
his Haters, an' he am sartin to lay it up
agin me. If I predict rain an' it doan'
come, he loses confidence in my judg
ment an' holds me in contempt.
Fur de las' twenty y'ars 1 hev been
seekin' de happy medium, an' dat's de
chief cause of my bein' hump backed
an' bow-lerred. an' liver all upsor. I
doan' want to be so good dat a pusson
dares to come an' steal my hens in de
daytime, feelin' dat 1 11 forgiv him, an'
I doan' want to be so Daa aat none oi
de nayburs will dare to come in an
borry soft soap, knowin' dat I like to
lend. In tryi'n to strike de haopy me
dium my hens hev all died of de pip
an' none of de borryed soap has bin re
turned. I want to treat all my naybnrs alike,
but when Johnson comes in an' abuses
Smith, an' Smith comes in an' abuses
Johnson, de happy medium which 1
search aroun' fur makes enemies of boaf,
bekase I doan' agree wid either.
If 1 pray 60 loud dat mv bazoo floats
out on de midnight air to de ears of de
navburhood, somebody remarks dat
wind-power religion may be all right to
trade mule by, but it doan' reach de
gates of ilaben. If I pray in s.ch a
low voice dat nobody hears it, remarks
are made to de effeck dat I has oolcd
off a good deal since payin' dat bill fur
three months' pew rent.
My left hand naybur has chill en who
am de terror of haintucK. He comes
ober to me in de gloamin'an' axes what
should be done. De happy medium
would be to buy a mad dog an' turn
him loose in de back yard, but de sug
gestion makes de man my enemy.
My right hand navbur lias cnui en
who am so good dat dey lay down an'
let derselves be robbed an' rounded.
He wakes me up in de mawnin' to ax
my advice, an' when I tell him to pack
dem off to an idiot asylum he doan'
speak to me agin fur six months.
De medium which we should strive
fur may be divided up as follows:
1. Be deaf in nayburhood quarrels.
2. Be dumb as to men's faults, onless
you am in de witness box.
3. Be silent when you can t praise.
4. If you advise at all agree with de
ideas of de pusson ask in' it.
5. A blind man am nebber brought
into court fur a witness.
G. Wisdom am not in knowin' sich a
powerful sight, but in keepin' shot on
what you doan' know.
HOW TO BECOME A COWBOY.
One who Has Been There CilTes Some Ad
vice on the Aubject.
Let the aspirant mount a railroad
train, and go to any of the large ship
ping or "cattle towns." Then purchase
a cheap pony for about $23, leather
leggings for $5, a broad-brimmed white
sombrero, $5; saddle blankets, which
do to sleep on also, $5; another fiver
for spurs, bridle, stake-rope, etc., and
now forthe most important "ornament,"
the old reliable Colt s "4.5" pistol, $12
If you are fojlish enough to go without
the latter, the cooks at the different
ranches where you happen to stop will
not respect you. Instead of putting the
handle to your family name they will
call you the sore footed Kid, old man
Jiibbs, Sam Sucker or some other such
name as thee.
Having your outfit all ready, the next
thing to be done is inquire the distance
north, south or west to the nearest rail
road fiom the town you lire in, and
whichever one is furthest, strike out for
it. When you get about half-way there,
stop at the nearest ranch you come to,
even if you have to work for your
"chuck." The idea is to get just as
far from the railroad as possible.
If you go to work for your chuck,
while doing so ..ork just as hard, and
if anything a little harder, than if you
were getting wages and at the same
time acquire all the knowledge and in
formation possible on the art of run
ning cattle. Finally one of the cowboys
on the ranch will get killed or quit, and
you being on hand will get his place.
r 80me of the neighboring ranches may
get short of hands, and some of the
toys, knowing you are out of en ploy-
ment, will speak for you and get you
sent after.
Your wages will be all the way from
$15 to $10 per month, according to lati
tude. The lurther North or Northwest
you are, the higher your wages will be,
al. hough on the Northern ranges your
expenses are more than they would be
fur her south, on account of requiring
wa'iner clothing and bedding during
the long and severe winters. Af.er you
have mastered the cow business most
thoroughly that is, learned not to
dread getting into mud up tr your ears,
jumping your hoise into a swollen
stream when the water is freezing, nor
running your horse at full speed on a
dark night on a prairie-dog-riddled
range, trying to stop a stampeded herd
when your course has to be guided by
the sound of the frightened steers' hoots
you can command good wages, which
will be from $35 to $00 a month, accord
ing to latitude, as I said before.
- It you are- economical you can save
' monet very fast on the range, for your
expenses after your outht is purchased
are ve.y light, in fact, almost nothing
if you don't use tobacco, gamble or
drink whisky when you strike a town.
There are some cattlemen who will let
you invest your wages in cattle and keep
them with theirs at so much a head per
annum (year) of running the whole
herd, which is a small fraction over $1.
Law in Nova Scotia.
In many parts of Nova Scotia magis.
trates are appointed, not on account of
their qualifications or fitness for the of
fice, but on account of political services,
real or supposed. A man named Mur
doch, who lives in an outlying district
near Casco, was honore i in this way,
and soon after a neighbor called to make
complaint and to collect an account, and
asked that suit be brought immediately.
A few days later the plaintiff called on
the newly-made Squire and asked why
proceedings were not being instituted
In answer the Squire told him, that h'
knew his business, and that the matter
could not lawfully be pushed faster.
The ilainti T insisted on bnnwinrf wtiu
"Look here," answered the Souire. V if
you know anything about the first prin
ciples of law, or the revised statutes
ytu would know that five clear davr
must elapse after the summons isservcil,
and," looking out of the window, "it's
been raining now for thiee days, 'and i
may not clear up for a week." Detroit
THE FARM AND GARDEN'.
Seasonable Hints Abont general Work
fur September on the Farm.
From the American Agricnl nri t
Corn should be cut up and stocked
before nipping frosts, which greatly
damage the fodder. These occur or are
liable to occur shortly after the fifteenth
of September throughout the great
northern corn belt. We prefer cutting
close to tne ground, and it is best where
farmers value the addition made by the
corn stalks to the manure heap, as they
should.
Fodder Corn should stand until there
is danger from frost, and then be cut.
It will pay to work even into the night
to cut the crop, even though it be left
on the ground, for it will not be hurt
bv a hard irost if severed from its roots.
We are liable to have very murky, hot
weather just before frost, and such
weather is liable to mildew the fodder
if cut and stocked up, while it will
cure perfectly after the cool nights
co me.
Ensilage. When corn fodder is pit
ted or ensilocd with sufficient care, and
the use of the thermometer, and that
put in one day which ought to be some
what wilted, is allowed to get up a good
heat 125 to 130 degrees- befoie more
is added, anyone n ay have sweet ensi
lage; which, however, is good for steers
and store cattle.
Weeds may be fought by the plow,
the scythe, "and the bon-fire. Those
that have matured seed should be gath
ered in wet weather, so that the seed
will not shell, and put in heaps to burn.
lite stock notes.
Sheep on good pasturejgain rapidly.
Ewes, to bring early lambs, should run
with the ram. Their period is about
150 days. Drouths and short pasturage
in some sections always make stcrc
sheep plentiful in the markets, and low
in price; good opportunity is thus of
fered to buy; good breeding ewes are
thus often picked up, as well as sucli as
will fatten well, turn the straw stacks
into good manure and sell well in the
spring.
Swine. The best breeds of pigs may
be fattened at a profit, when common,
coarse breeds net a loss, or no prolit
For store pigs always use good grades,
Yorkshire or Essex or Berkshire, Poland
China or Cheshire are cro-ses that will,
without exaggeration, save one-third
the feed.
Cows on good pasture, supplemented
by a feed of corn and oatmeal and bran,
will keep up their flow well into the
winter, and as good butter may ie
made in September and October as in
June. Winter cows should be dried o;l
two months, and when dry kept gain
ing in f csh it will all come back in
milk and butter. A few days before
calving reduce the feed, give loosening
diet, or physic not enough to weaken
to avoid tendency to fever at calviug
time.
Y"oitn Cattle should come to the
winter in hrst-rate order, ine years
they are coming one and two years old
settle their condition for life. They
will be undersized and inferior, or well-
grown and fine, and the autumn is the
time when the best growth is made.
ORCHARD AND FRCTT GARDEN.
Picking and Packing. The second
early apples and pears are mature. As
sort carefully and pack in crates or
half barrels. These fr lis ripen up
rapidly, and should be so hard when
gathered that they will not soften in
transit.
Dying or Evaporating. The im
proved method of drying fruit by arti
ficial heat, while excluded irom ngnt
and insects, gives a superior product
that will sell enough higher than the
common sundried fruit to warrant those
who have large orchards to look into
the merits of the various evaporators or
dryers now offered for sale.
Young Trees. Prune out all useless
wood from young trees, and bring their
heads into proper shape.
Budding is in season whenever ma
tured buds may be had. and the stock
is in proper condition ; that is, the bark
narts readily from the wood. Peach
Pcaeh-f1,8
trees are largely budded this month;
also, the pear upon quince stocks, the
time depending upon tne locality.
Hoot Crops. Continue to hoe . all
those that are still young until the
leaves prevent.
Sweet Corn. Where there is an
abundance, dry a supply for winter use,
boiling before cutting it from the cobs.
Save only the largest and earliest ears
for seed. Cut up the stalks as soon as
the ears are gathered and cure for win
ter fodder.
Celery. Hoe frequently to keep
clear of weeds, and encourage growth,
which will be most rapid in this month
of cool nights and warm days.
Cabbaoes and Cauliflowers are
greatly helped by frequent hoeing. If
backward, give a sprinkling of guano
at hoeing.
Cucumbers. Gather for pickles at
least every other day, and daily if the
patch is large and the growth rapid.
Always cut with the stem attached. If
any have grown too large, cut them
away, unless seed is wanted.
Sweet Potatoes. The ridges may
be opened, the large roots carefully re
moved, and the rest left to grow. If
the vines take root at the joints, move
them, at least in Northern localities.
Melons. Remove all fruits that set
too late to ripen. Turn occasionally as
they approa -h maturity.
Spinach, for use next spring should
be sown this month, in rows fifteen
inches apart. We have found one va
riety to be as hardy as another.
Tomatoes. Search for and destroy
the large gre.n "worm" that devours
both leaves and fruit. Cut away the
clusters that set so late that, they will
not mature or get large enough for
pickles. Make catsup while the fruit
is still abundant, and at its best.
Jack, on at CUaiicellorvillc.
From General Pleasonton's paper on
Chanceilorsville, in the September
Century, we quote as follows: "When
he advanced upon the artillery at Hazel
Grove Jackson had another opportunity
to win, if his infantry had been properly
handled. The fire of his infantry was
so high it did no harm ;. they should
have been ordered to fire so low as to
disable the cannouiers at the guns. Had, j
the infantry fire been as effective as that
of the artillery, Jackson would have
carried the position. The artillery fire
was effective because I a j plied to it
that principle of dynamics in which the
angle of incidents is equal to the angle
of reflection. that is to say, if the
muzzle of a gun is three feet from the (
ground and it is discharged so that the
shot will strike the giound at a distance
of one hundred yards, it will glance
fiom the earth at the 6ame angle at
which it struck it, and in another ono
hundred yards will be three feet from
the ground. I knew mv first volley
must be acrushingone, or Jackson, with I
his superior numbers, would charge
across the short distance which separa
ted us and capture the artillery before
the sruns could be loaded."
Where Tlicy Came From.
The Merchant Trawler says: The
minister's wife sat on the front porch
mending the clothes of one of her nu
merous progeny. A neighbor passing
that way stopped in for a friendly chat.
A large work basket half full of but
tons sat on the floor of the porch. After
various remarks of a gossipy nature, the
visitor said:
"You seem to be well supplied with
buttons, Mrs. Goodman."
"Y'es, very well, indeed."
"My gracious ! if there in't two of
the same buttons that my husband had
on his lad; winter suitl I'd know 'em
anywhere-"
"Indeed?" said the minister's wife,
calmly, "I'm surprised to hear it, as all
these buttons were found in the contri
bution box. 1 thought I might as well
put them to some use, so I what, must
you go? Well, be sure and call again
Boon."
THE COUNTRY STORE.
How They To RmlnrM Where) They Have
Time to Uo It Hi at Way.
An elderly woman, with, keen gray
eyes looking sharply through steel
bowed spectacles, enters and casually
examines several bolts of lawn lying on
the counter.
"Ah, good day, Mrsi. H ," says
the proprietor, coming liriskly forward,
anticipating a sale, -"looking foi
lawns!"
"No, I dono as I was," savs the
I possible customer guai
just noticing these."
irdedly ; "1 was
' They're pretty patterns. I just got
them in."
"They're all so light."
"Light colors are all the rrige this
summer. But here's a black ami "white
piece that's just the thing for you. Now,
isn't that neat?"
"Y'es, rather; but it ain't just what I
like. How much is it?"
"Fifteen cents a yard."
"Ain't that dreadful high for
lawns?"
"Not for lawns of that quality. Just
see how fine it is."
"Y'es, but they're selling lawna ev'ry
mite and grain as good as that in the
city for eight and nine cents."
"Impossible Mrs. II !"
"Indeed, they are! And one of my
neighbors got a good piece tor seven
ceuts."
"They are not such goods as this."
"It's pret'y nigh the very same thing.
I hadn't calculated on giving more than
ten cents."
"Why, Mrs. II , thia cost more
than that at wholesale."
"Oh, I guess not. Anyhow, I can't
give but ten cents a yard."
"I can't take it."
"I won't give any more."
"Well, just examine the lawn closely
now."
"It looks well enough, but I ain't at
all sure that it won't fade."
"I'll warrant it not to fade. It's a
standard make and fast colors."
"Well, how many yards are there in
tlin rin-?"
"Thirteen; just a good full pattern. "
"Eleven would be a great plenty for
me."
"Now, I'll tell you what I'll do, I'll
let you have the piece for fourteen
cents a yard, seeing as it's all I've got
left."
"Can't you say an even twelve cents
to an old customer like me?"
"No, really, I couldn't."
"Fourteen cents is too much for
lawn that's selling ev'rywhere for ten
cents."
"Oh, I think you're mistaken."
"Well, sec here, I'll give you twelve
and one-half cents a yard for it "
"No, I couldn't go below thirteen
cents, and wouldn't let anybody but
you have it for that."
"Well, I'll give you thirteen cents if
you'll call it twelve yards."
"But there's full thirteen yards in the
piece."
"Well, call it twelve and I'll take
it."
"Can't do it.''
"I reckon you'll thow in thread and
buttons and waist-linings?"
"Couldn't do it for that money."
"Well, say thread and buttons,
then.'"
' I'll throw in a spool of thread."
"And a card of hooks and eyes?"
"Well, I don't know -yes, I will "
"Now, why can't you say buttons,
too:"
"I really cannot; I'm losing money
now."
"And you can t make it twelve and
one-half cents a vard?"
"No."
"Well, I guess I won't take it. I
ain't needing a lawn dress this summer,
anyhow. Youths' Companion.
A BAD SCARE.
How a Philadelphia twirl's Eyebrows were
Suddenly Turned W hite.
From the rhiladelpbia Ledger.
A pair of snow-white eyebrows with
tresses of raven black is the strange
combination to be seen now on Miss
Carrie fcuydam, of 1715 Courtlandt
place. Carrie is very prettv, neverthe-
an prid -herself on the oddity of
ner appearance, until about two
weeks ago her eyebrows were as black
as her hair, but a terrible fright which
she experienced about that time threw
her into a bed of sickness, and when
she arose the transformation had taken
place.
In company with Mr. Arthur Fher
borne, Miss Carrie one evening went to
the Casino to witness the "Chimes ol
Normandy." After the opera was over
the couple visited a restaurant for sup
per, and it was nearly 1 o'clock in the
morning when her escort bade Miss
Suydam good-bye on the doorstep of
the picturesque Courtland place resi
dence. She had already turned tho
latch with her mghtkey, and as Mr.
Sherborne went whistling down the
street she pushed open the door and
went in. She was somewhat surprised
to find that the hall light had been ex
tinguished, but she concluded that it
had been done by some one who did not
know that she was out, and she groped
her way to the second floor.
She had been in the habit of remov
ing her bracelets, watch and hat and
leaving them on the piano just inside
the sitting room door at the end of the
stairs, and as usual she now went in
to the sitting-room to deposit them.
On this occasion, however, 1o her
amazement she found that the piano was
not in its accustomed place. The arti
cles which she had in the da k has ily
placed where she supposed the instru
ment was fell to the floor, and she
staitcd back nonplussed.
Could it be possible that she had got
into the wrong house? She started at
once, bravely enough, to find out.
Gathering up the articles she had
rirninrd on the floor, shfi cautiously
I made her way to the front bed chamber.
The door was slightly ajar and she
pushed it open lurther. A gas-jet.
lighted but turned low, threw just
enough light around the room for hei
to see at a glance that she had made a
mistake and was in a strange house. On
the bed in front of her lay a man, half
clothed, snoring sonorously, lie was
tall and powerful, and the girl trembled
as she thought that perhaps she was
alone with him in the building and at
an hour after midnight.
As she turned to retrace her steps, she
tripped and involuntarily a little scream
escaped her. That little scream
awakened the sleeper and he sprung
from hifl be(i with an oath
Miss buy-
dam, altl oiigh almost paralyzed with
fear, madaged to leap down the few
steps to'the sitting-room landing and to
turn to go to the lower hall before he
rushed out of the door.
"Who's that?" he cried.
She made no answer, but fairly flew
down the stairs There wag a x
short report, and she felt a pistol bail
graze her cheek. With one bound she
cleared the vestibule and had pulled the
vestibule door to after her. Another
bullet crashed through the glass panels
ns she opened the front door and
bounded into the street.
Trembling with excitement she dis
covered that her own house was two
doors above. By some means she had
entered 1711, and her mistake had come
near proving fatal. The houses in the
blo. k are all alike in architectural ap
pearance, and errors ol this kind are
frequent. Miss Suydam was conlinedto
her bed for over a week after this inci
dent, and narrowly missed a serious
illness.
Mr. Jacob Godfrey, who lives in 1711,
and who lired the shots, was much dis
tressed aboat the occurrence, though
thankful that tho shots did nothing
more than damage his property some
what and turn Miss Currie's eyebrows
from black to white. His family was
out of town on the night the shooting
O 'curred, oi d he imagined that bur
glars had gai 3"l an entranco to the
house while ho slept.
Lieut. Brickwedul,
army, just leturned to
of the regular
San Francisc
from hunting Apaches, has ti picture ho
thinkf much of. It is that of a young
woman, but its beauty has been marred
since it stopped a bullet from an Apa
che's gun, that was aimed straight at
the young man's heart.
JOUiLUY OF THE LOGS.
HOW THE FOREST GIANTS A ICE SENT
DOWN THE CONNECTICUT.
The logger's Rnked Hrnni nnd Ulnsrer-bread-The
Commander of the Drift
Perilous Work of the H bite Watrr Men.
From the N. T. Sun.
The number of men employed in this
season's transportation of logs along the
Connecticut is something like 300.
These are divided into "drives" sta
tioned at frequent intervals, to guide
the giant logs that "drift with the cur
rent swift," or stretch along the river,
idly waiting for time and tide. The
Connecticut Itiver Lumber Company
may be said just now to have the mo
nopoly of the river the right of way
from Lake Connecticut in the most
northern corner of New Hampshire to
liolyoke or Springfield, Mass., the low
est points of destination for the logs
that have been brought by tributary
streams into this current. The dry
summer has seriously impeded the pro
gress of these drives, and the manager
of this travelling combination (some
thing more stupendous than a company
of Cook's tourists), is, in this section,
through which the logs are passing, the
hero of tho hour. He may not, like
King Canute, undertake to stay the
fierce waves by his mandate, for the rea
son that the difficulty he is encountering
at present is in receding rather than en
croaching waters, but he does lift up the
voice of his authority and command that
while he and his kingly craft are afloat
no hindrances shall stop his way. The
wheels of the busy mills must cease to
turn il there, is not water enough for
both. If they presume to defy him, he
orders a charge of dynamite planed
where it will do the most good for the
lumber company and the most mischief
for the mills that is, he threatens to
blow their dam skyhigh.
Force mle-'iTc.rld still;
Has ruled it,, shall rule it.
To form an adequate estimate of the
labors and qualifications of the men
employed by the lumber company, one
must begin his observations of the
science of logging in the forest. The
sturdy lad wields the axe until his
sinews are to.ighened like the cellars,
and a proud day it is for him when he
emerges from the lodge of the wood
chopper to go along with the drives.
They set out early in April. The voy
age is something more than mere drift
ing. There are rushing currents to be
resisted, bends, and windings, deeps and
shallows, whir. pools and rocks. The
lodgemen take fearful risks. Many a
brawny fellow has lost his life in va
liant endeavors to force a passage
through an angry gorge, or has slipped
in the midnight watches between the
trsache; ous giant logs, to be encofiined
by them. For conducting the logs
thr.nigh smooth waters these methods
are apparently simple, but a degree of
supplenes-j and dexterity is requisite,
that comes only by long practice. The
clumsy wood chopper must serve faith
ful apprenticeship with pike pole and
cant dog before he can wear the title of
boss, and a boss must be versed in all
the mysteries of the logman's craft be
fore he can apire to the dignity of mas
ter of the drive.
Inexperienced hands earn from $1 to
$3 a day asso.tiug the logs and driving
them into booms. With heavy, iron
pegged shoes and armed with pole and
hooa, they walk about as on an inlaid
floor, canting into place the perverse
timbers that are lying lengthwise or
crosswise, like great alligators basking
in the sun or lazily drifting off into
Eome alluring eddy. Much higher
wages are paid to the "white water
men," whose business is to pilot the
timber through the foaming torrents.
Five and even $7 is the daily pay of
these.
The coming down of the logs is a
stirring event in the quiet villages along
the river. S hen, some early morning,
the whistling barefoot boy, bringing up
tho cows from their green meadows,
discerns in the dim distance up the riv
er a stray log, like a sail in the oiling
that portends a fleet, he becomes at
once a welcome herald. The butcher
and. the irrocer fa n tr - -wtretwig
their profits out 6lthe expected encamp
ment, and the merchant covers the pol-i-h"d
floor of his well-appointed store
with extra boards to protect it from the
iron heel of the logmen. The Winter's
isolation has uot'exiinuished the log
ger's pride in appearances, and, like
sailors just in frcra a long voyage, they
are impatient for new outfits for their
approaching holidays. .To their credit
be it said that logmen are not barbari
ans, nor recklessness and dissipation
their luling characteristics. Their ad
vent in a village is not regarded as the
invasion of a plundering horde They
are welconiul as a class of self-respecting
laborers, who give impetus to the
village trade and bring fresh stories of
hardships and adventures to thrill the
1 stening groups that gather around the
Post Odice door or the Town Hall.
There is a review of the drive, to which
oid and young go flocking, and whore
choice places on bridges and adjacent
rocks are, like seats at a popular opera,
quickly monopolized. When the logs,
gathered in the smooth, floor-like boom,
are ready to be sent over the dam, be
low which are narrows and shoals and
numbeiless obstructions, all the skill'
and power of the trained foice is called
into requisition. The sudden emerg
ing from the lazy drifting above
into the d sh and whirl of the tor
rent is a signal for combat. Busy
men armed with poies, hooks, and
axes, spring, cat-like, from log to log,
trying to guide them into the narrow
passage, while they crowd in obstinate
masses against the uneven shore. A
single perverse timber, the Anarchist of
the group, may turn a hundred logs
from their course and force a jam which
only dynamite can dislodge. But much
patient and daring work is done before
dynamite is resorted to. The exper
ienced eye of the logman detects the mis
chievous timber that may have wedged
itself beyond his reach. He knows
just how to bring to bear upon the giant
resistance the combined leverage of a
dozen strong arms. The iron-sinewed
men. in their skillful and graceful hand
ling of their hooks and poles, might be
taken for a band of Brobdignagians
playing at giaantic iackstraws. When
the obstinate log gives way, the lock is
broken, and the whole mass moves out
into the river, to be carried over the
roaring falls-.-'hestr-tfer-battlc rages
with hotter fury. The great timbers
seem to grow desperate and defiant,
contending for passage through the nar
row torient and gorge-like gateway.
Poised aloft in air, straight and unyield
ing, they fall upon one another with
terrible shock. Locked in combat, they
are again held fast between the deep,
jagged ravines. At this crisis the white
water men rush to tho rescue, armed
with axes and hooks. They shiver with
well aimed blows the very timbers on
which they stand, but from which they
adroitly leap at the first ominous crack
ing of the pine.
Sometimes the men are dragged by
the logs into the seething waters. Only
the ottiei day three brave fellows barely
esc iped with their lives. A sudden
crah plunged them into the foam, and
the mad logs threatened to impiison
them. The excited spectators on the
bridge and shore were breathless, but
quickly the a r rang with shouts and
cheers as the trio came up from their
involuntary baptism. Two clambered
up the banks, while the third saved him
self by a friendly log that carried him
through a swift current some distance
down the river.
When dynamite is to be resorted to
there are huiried conferences between
the leader and his agents, a rushing
about with drill cartridges, and fuse;
then a scudding off to sheltered recess
es. The tell-tale smoke curling from
logs and rocks draws all eyes. A sud
den explosion which the hills repeat, a
quivering ot me weugeu criss-cross
timbers, a quick parting of the tangled
mas, nnd once more tire great voyagers
move forward.
Tho journey of the logs began in
April, and will not, probably, be accom
plished before September. hut trans
formations nwair them then may not
now be indicaled. Whether they nre
to be incoi poraied into the houses iu
which weilve, or, through modern evo
lution, become "only a leaf of paper
white," one cannot follow these cap
tives, once straight and tall and green
in their native Arcadia, without being
inbued with the spirit of the poet:
I care not how men trace their ancestry
To ape or Adam, let them please their whim;
But I in June am midway to believe
A tree amoiif; niv far progenitors,
Such sympathy is mine with all the race.
STEEL IN THE PLACE OF IRON.
It Can be Made Chen per, and the Ocrn
Pillion of the l'uddlers will Soon be
done, . .
Steel is gradually taking the place of
iron in Pittsburgh, Pa., and, as a conse
quence the demand forpuddlers is grow
ing less. There are not as many pud
dlers employed in Pittsburgh to-day as
there were three years ago. This seems
more significant when compared with
the fact, that the increase in the iron in-
I dnstrv h.is been enormous within that
time. There are now seven Bessemer
steel plants in Pittsburgh. This grade
of steel can be made cheaper than iron.
For some uses it will answer the same
purpose, and in many instances it is bet
ter. Jones & Laughlin's new cupola is
the latest addition to the steel manufac
turing industry of Pittsburgh. It has
just been tested, and in three heats
turned out twenty-one tons of steel of
most excellent quality. The trial was
satisfactory in every way.
An old manufacturer, speaking of
how steel was superseding iron, said:
"It has been evident to all for the past
six or eight years that steel was certain
to take the place of iron largely, and it
has practically done so in many branches
of trade. The Amalgamated Associa
tion has had something to do with bring
ing about this state of affairs sooner
than it would have come otherwise, but
I will not discuss this pha-e of the ques
tion. The puddlers will realize ere long
that their occupation is gone. There is
not a puddler employed at the present
time in the nail mills at Wheeling.
Every factory is making nails out of
Bessemer steel. If iron were made in
Pittsburgh in place of Bessemer steel, it
is safe to say that 1,000 additional pud
dlers would have employment "
"Yes, yes," said an iron worker, when
interrogated, "the steel question is a
live one. A number of Pittsburgh pud
dlers, unable to find work there, re
cently left for the West."
A Tathfdi3 Family Story.
Two weeks ago Friday, the wife of
Captain I. J. Dunn was buried in
Smyrna.
Friday, two daughters in the samft
casket were buried near her.
Before Mrs. Lunn died she called her
two daughters, Mattic and Lester, aged
respectivly ten and eight years, to her
bedside and told them that she knew
she was going to die, and that she
wanted them to take charge of the twin,
babies and care for them like mothers
Lester, the eight year-old daughter and.
the mother's iavcrite, told her mother
that she would take the smallest child.
Mattie took the largest, and by the bed
side of their dying mother they prom
ised to care for the little wee babies.
The father and little girls returned tr
the desolate home with sad hearts. Thft
little babes were tenderly cared for by
their older sisters. Lester took the
death of her mother very hard, and
would weep at the mention of her name.
Sunday last she was taken sick, and
when her father or sister asked her if
she wanted anything she would reply
by saying that she wanted to go to
mother. The little sufferer would talk:
of going to mother all the time when
she was awake. She grew worse day by
day till Friday, when, with the words "I
am going to mother" on her lips, the
little heart ceased to throb and her souL
took its flight to the spirit land where
the dear mother was watching and wait
ing. The father's grief cannot be ex
pressed when, a few hours later, the lit
tle babe which had been given into the
keeping of her sister Lester died. Mr.
J. i Barclay, the undertaker, placed
the two bodies iu the same casket. The
babe was placed on the left arm of the
sister, with her face looking up. Mr.
Barclay says it was the most touching
picture he ever looked upon, and that
nonft wpta Yt1B,T,: "who - d'ut not shtad
tears Atlanta Constitution.
Daniel Webster.
Ben : Perley Poore, in the Boston Bud
get, says; Rufus Choate, speaking of
Daniel Webster, said that he never
heard him make a speech, a great
speech, whatever were the topic or the
time, that did not leave the impression
that he loved nothing, desired nothing,
so much as the good and glory of Amer
ica; that he knew no North and no
South; that he did not seem to sum
mon around him the whole brotherhood
of States and men and hold them to his
heart. This gave freshness and energy
to all his speeches; this set the tune to
the universal harmony. Even his
studies revealed his passion. He knew
American history by heart as a states
man, not as an antiquary should know it.
The plain, noble men, the high aims
and hard fortunes of the colonial time,
the agony and the glory of the Revolu
tionary War, and of the age of the Con
stitution were all familiar to him; but
chiefly he lovsd to mark how the spirit
of national hie was evolving itself all
the while; how the colonies grew to re
gard one another as children of the
same mother, and therefore fraternally;
how the common danger, the common
oppression of the nnte-Kevolutionary
and Revolutionary period served to fuse
them into one; how the Constitution
made them formally one, and how the
grand and sweet and imperial sentiment
of a united national life came at last to
penetrate and warm the whole vast and
various mass and move it as a soul.
A Good Reason for Reform.
The Toledo Blade says: "I'm going
to quit smoking cigarettes," said a
young man who has led more than one
german. "It isn't because it's a vile
habit that is going to carry me down to
an early grave, or anything of that sort.
One placed me, or rather a young lady,
in a very embarrassing position. There
is a certain charming young lady on St.
Anthony Hill whom I should like very
much to make my wife, and I know she
feels as I do. But I am not yet able to
support a wife, so I have never said a
word to the young lady's parents. Well,
the other evening she and I took a
stroll. It was about half-past nine when
we returned to the house, so I did not
go in. We stood chatting a few mo
ments, and I lighted a cigarette. When
she went into the house, I, of course,
kissed her good night. ell, without
giving it a thought, she went in, bade
her mother good night, and kissed her,
also. The old lady immediately detec
ted the odor of the cigarette on the
daughter's lips, and questioned her
about it. The poor girl had either to
acknowledge that I kissed her, or that
she smoked a crgaretie. V hen the
young lady told me about it, I had not
the courage to ask her what course
she chose. Now you know why ciga
rettes and I wi.l be strangers in the fu
ture." Has Going To.
A Detroit traveler who put In a night
at a village hotel in Indiana called the
landlord aside in the morning and said:
"Sir I never slept in such a wretched
bed in all my life."
"You didn't eh? Yes, I know it's a
poor bed."
" And supper and breakfast were
simply outrageous. Your cook doesn't
know enough to mash potatoes."
"She doesn't, eh? Well the isn't
vcrv bright, and that's a fact."
"The cofl'ce was execrable."
"Yes I don't like it myself."
"And the tea was simply horrible."
"I guess it was, though I don't diiuk
tea."
"On the whole my friend," continued
the traveler, "You don't know how to
run a tavern."
"I don't eh? Well, I "agree with
you."
"Then why on earth don't you give
it up "
"I'm going to I've traded the place
for a saw-mill, and 1 go out to-morrow.
Your bill will bo two dollars.'' Detroit.
Free J'rcsn.
f inE COST OF KEEPING A YACHT.
From the Boston Herald.
Yachting has become so favorite a
pastime among wealthy men, and the
number of trim vessels increases so year
by year, that it is not, difficult to arrive
at some general knowledge of the aver
age value and annual cost of the crafts
in commission. The famous vessels of
the Eastern clubs have been so riany
"times described in these columns that it
is not necessary to recount the particu
lars of their architectural design. A
vessel like Mr. Gray's Huron could be
launched complete, according to tho
statements of the leading builders in
this section of the country, at a cost of
from $20,000 to $25,000 at most. The
jolly tars on board would number eight
or nine men before the mast, a captain,
a mate, a cook, a steward, and perhaps
a cabin boy. The pay of the crew will
Average about $30 per month for each
ordinary seaman, from $00 to $125 per
month for the captain, from $30 to $75
for the mate, and according to the epi
curean tastes of the owner, the ccok's
wages would range from that of the
Jieave-o'-my-timbers tar to that of the
gallant and gold-laced captain. Some
yacht owners, who are inclined to "put
on style," will select from their rope
. hauling minions a second mate, a
" bosun " and a quartermaster for an
additional wage of $3 every thirty days.
Putting tho number of the working
crew of a crack yacht at twelve, and
fixing the cost therefor according to the
following liberally calculated table, the
expense of maintenance can be easily
determined :
Captain's salary per month, say. . . $100
Plate's salary per month, say 50
Second mate's salary per month,
say 35
Quartermaster's salary per month,
say 3.3
Bosun's salary per month, say. ... 33
Six seamen at $:'s0 per month 180
Cook per month, say 40
Total per month $475
Adding to this the cost of the "keep,"
wid brinjnnsr the total un to $600. we
have the sum of $1,800 as the season's
expenditure for the crew. Placing
it "at $2,000, the allowance is liberal
indeed.
But yachting has this in common
with housekeeping, that one never
knows when his expenses will cease.
There is always something to be bought,
whether it be some adornment forthe
cabin or some supplement to the rig.
Accident to the canvas, collision, bump
ing upon the shoals, the hundred and
one mishaps which befall nautical loco
motion, and the various causes for
frequent "hauling up" on the stocks
pile up the outgo of dollars. These
things provided for, it remains with
the owner to determine whether his
reputation for hospitality and dinner
giving shall follow him from Common
wealth avenue to the briny. If he is
accustomed to playing mine host upon
ship, he is likely to find this item in his
dog-day expenditure beating the ship's
maintenance bill out of sight. At this
point the cost of yachting becomes mere
conjecture, bu4; he must, indeed, be a
generous skipper who entertains to the
extent of $:3,000 during the season, and
thus brings up his account with Nep
tune to the comfortable figure of $5,000.
What shall be said, then, of the man
who regards $10,000 as a moderate
season's yachting bill ? He must have
floated his vessel on champagne and
Burgundy, and dined his crew and his
guests upon Delmonico menus every
day in the week. Considering the fact,
however, that few Boston yacht owners
live on board their sloops or schooners,
and that still fewer keep open house
for an army of acquaintances, it is
difficnlt to understand how Mr. Gray,
who was proverbial for not doing
thus could find an outlet for the sum
which he is said to have expended.
What has been said above applies to
yachts manned only for cruising. It is
an ther story when racing yachts are
the object of outgoing dollars and
dimes. Then the crew is doubled, a
racing gear has to be provided for, and
the cost of continual preparation and
continual overhauling mounts up to
figures which would make most men
feel rh'h. It is a matter of common re
port that the Puritan and the. M ay frown
cost in building and out lit t ',ntr upw ard
of ss.yi 1,000 each by the time they had
started on their trial trips. The or
dinary crew of the Mayflower numbers
some thirteen men before the mast, be
sides the captain, cook and mate. The
wages, clothing and provisioning of this
crew are said to amount to nearly $700
every thirty days, and, adding the
other expenses, the cost of maintenance
is thought to average $1,000 monthly.
On race days the crew is increased to
twenty-five or thirty men, and conse
quently the cost is enhanced.
Healing n Hotel Keeper.
Henry Watterson, in a letter to the
Louisville Journal, says:
A friend of mine came the other day
to settle for his night's lodging at a
Led buggy little hole in the wall near
the railway station here in Neuchatel
called the Hotel des Alps. In addition
to the charge for apartment, service,
lights, &c , was the item "un dejeuner."
I will put it into plain English that
which followed :
"But I didn't order any breakfast."
"That was no fault of the house, Mon
sieur." "Do you mean to tell mo that you
wish to charge me for breakfast I neither
ordered nor ate':"'
' he breakfast was prepared all the
same, .Monsieur."
"You pretend that you provide a reg
ular table d'hote breakfast every morn
ing and charge for it whether your
guests take it or not?"
" 1 es, Monsieur, bee the menu? Here
it is, and the linn yet poiite landlord
produced his regular "a la carte." .My
friend turned it upside down. Then he
carefully perused it. Then he said :
"How much of this do you serve as
your regular breakfast?"
'"Anything you like, Monsieur."
"Very well. Receipt your bill, and,
as I am to pay for a breakfast, please
God I will eat it. Bring me a fillet of
beef, with mushrooms, a half chicken,
grille, a rum omelet, and a pint of Cha
blis. 1 shall wait over until the next
train."
Mine host of tho Hotel des Alps looked
first stupefied and then disgusted, and,
finally giasping the situation, he ran
into his office, altered his bill in con
formity with the facts, and, hurrying
back, cried: "Here, Monsieur, here is
your bill, quite correct - six francs thirty
five centimes and you wili just have
time to catch your train.
PresiJent Jackson's Wife.
Before leaving his rural home in Ten
nessee, General Jackson had been afflic
ted by the sudden death of his wife.
"Aunt Rachel," as Mrs. Jackson was
called by her husband's personal friends,
had accompanied him to Washington
when he was there as a Senator from
Tennessee. She was a short, stout, un
attractive, and uneducated woman,
though greatly endeared to General
Jackson. While he had been in the
army he had caretully managed his
plantation, his slaves, and his money
matters, and her devotion to him knew
no bounds. Her happiness was centered
in his, and it was her chief desire to
smoke her corncob pipe iu peace at his
side. When told that he had been elec
ted President of tho l nited Slates, she
replied: " ell, for Mr. Jackson's sake
I am glad ot it, but for myself I am not. '
A few weeks later she was arrayed for
She grave in a white satin costume which
she had provided herself with to wear
at the White House.
Important la Mi-rclinnr Tnllnrn.
M. von Keller Co.. win ccstors to Keller A
R11I1I, at the old Cloth House, coi ner Ann and
W illiam ists.. New York city, are rioinc an ex
tensive hu.sine.s hy fneans of furnishing to t lie
Merchant Tailorinu trade throughout the I'ni
ted Slati-s, complete sample collections of
their Woolens in season, and receiving and
executing orders received thrmiKli the sam
ples. "Whenever a style has hccii sold cut,
they notify their customers to that eiiect, so
that the parties holding their sample's are al
was properly inlorined as to wnich styles
I hey ten offer to I heir patrons. The Merchant
Tailor is thus placed iu a position to h! o.v a
Ini'Ko Viii iet y ol st.vtes without encumherinir
himself with a large Mock. We understand
that any Merchant Tailor destrinjr such collec
tion of samples ran have same sent free of
charge. AiMrons Messrs. M. von Keller Co.
A Meat Producing City.
Although our -wheat crop is much
larger than that of last year indeed
our winter wheat is exceedingly good
yet the fact remains that we are never
likely to sell as much grain to foreign
nations as we did from 1877 to 1884.
1'or one thing, we consume more grain
ourselves, for there are ten millions
more of us now than there was
in 1880, when the last census was taken.
But while we will export less grain, we
shall send abroad very much larger
quantities of beef, mutton, pork, and
lard. This will be an advantage to us,
for the cropping of grain robs the soil
of its fertility, while the raising of cat
tle not only enriches the land but re
turns us a larger profit. Since 1860 we
have developed prodigiously what may
be called our beef, hog, and fish crops.
In 1870, we had twenty-three million
eight hundred and twenty thousand
head of cattle. In 1885, we had forty
five million. At the present rate of
increase, we shall have seventy million
in lliOS and one hundred and forty mil
lion in 1925. Then the great corn crops
we have had since 1870 have enormous
ly increased the number of hogs for our
own use and for exportation. For tho
last two years our corn crops were un
usually large, while it is very promising
this year, and this means that hog pro
ducts of all kinds will be plentiful and
cheap for two years to come. Wheat
can be raised in many quarters of the
I'nited States and in Australia and
South America; but we have the decid
ed advantage of being nearer the meat
consuming nations. Then, within ten
years there has been a wonderful devel
opment of fish food, due to the artificial
hatching of fish ova by the National and
State Fish Commissioners. There are
probably twenty pounds of fish to day
available for food where there was one
ten years ago, and the process of stock
ing our streams is still going on; and
then there will be immense additions to
our stock ot poultry and dairy products.
So far as physical necessities are con
cerned we are the most favored nation
on earth. We have a practical monop
oly of corn. We grow more grain than
we can consume, while our animal food
products aie so abundant that we could
feed half the world and have enough
for ourselves besides. DomoresVa
Monthly.
A Living Island.
The alligator is not in any way an at
tractive animal. On the contrary, it is
about as repellent in looks and dispo
sition as any living creature well can
be. And yet in one respect, at least, it
is to be envied. It can go through life
without ever needing a dentist, unless it
be to eat him; for it never keeps its
teeth long enough to give them any
chance to decay or ache or to get out of
order in any way. When an alligator's
tooth is worn out or broken or in need
of any kind of repair, it drops out, and,
behold ! a new one is ready to take its
place. But I hardly need say that the
alligator's teeth are a joy only to itself.
Another peculiarity of the alligator is
its ability to sleep. Like other reptiles,
it is so cold-blooded that it likes
warmth and hates cold. It needs water,
too, and as the dry season and the cool
season come on together in Florida,
there is a double reason why the Florida
alligator should go into winter quarters.
It buries itself in the mud after the
manner of its kind and settles down for
a long nap.
Sometimes it happens that grass and
quick growing shrubs spiing up on the
back of this torpid animal. As a rule,
these are all shaken or washed off when,
with the first warm rains, the alligator
rouses itself and makes for the water;
but occasionally, for some reason, the
mud clings, and with it the plant
growth, so that when the half-awakened
creature slides into the water and floats
stupidly off, it looks like a floating
island.
In one such instance, a plover was so
deceived as to build its nest in the
plant-growth on the alligator's back.
The living island so freighted floated
slowly down the streum until it was no
ticed by a party of boys who were out
fishinir. Tin y smv ttie plover rise from
th little island, and suspecting a nest
to be there, they gave up their fishing
and rowed out to it.
They never suspected the nature of
the island until they had bumped their
boat rather rudely into it once or twice,
and so vexed the alligator that it opened
its huge mouth with a startling suddi
ness that brought a chorus of yells from
the nest-robbers, and sent them off in a
fit mood to sympathize with the plover,
which was fluttering about and crying
piteously at the raid upon its nest.
The poor bird was doomed to lose its
nest, however, for the alligator, having
at last been thoroughly aroused, di
covered how hungry it was, and dived
down in search of food, thus washing
oil island, nest and all. St. Nicholas,
We don't wish to be understood as
finding fault with nature, but we do
wish from the bottom of our hearts that
the luminous end of the firefly had been
hitched to the mosquito.
The virtues of St. Jacobs Oil, as proclaimed
by millions of restored sufferers, should induce
every one to supply his household with this
great specific it conquers pain.
A fashionable youne man lately presented
his swietheiit with a string of pearls. As
she huiiK ihera joyously about her nect a
ciotirt came over her brow, and she crteci:
Heloveu, do not 1 earls bctoKen tears
"Don't fear, was the rtsponse; ' them's imi
tation. '
" It is as harmless as it is effective, Is what
is said of Kod Star C'ouh Cure by Dr. S. K
Cox, P. D., Analytical Chemist, Washington,
D. C. 1'rice, 2o cents.
A Bcston 'awyer recently met his match In
a witness who was (.ivint evidence ahout an
old lady's los- of ntmd. Lawytr-Did she
loi k as I amlooking at you now, for instance?
Witness Well, y : quite vaca it like !
op pair or boots can be saved every year
bo using Lyon's 1'atenc Metallic Heel Stiff,
eners.
To Itself in many Important parttcul&r. Hood's
Sursuparrllff. Is different from and superior to any
uther mdielne.
1'ecu tar In comblna'lon, proportion and prepara
tion of Ingredients, Hood's Sarsaparilla possessei
tho full rurntlve value of the tet known remedies
of the regetable kingdom.
Peculiar In Its medicinal merit. Hood's SarA pa
ri lu accompli hes cures hitherto unknown.
Peculiar in ttiengtb and economy Hood's Sarsa
parida is the only medicine of widen can truly be
said, "1U0 doH?s one dollar." Medicines In larger and
smaller bottles require larger tioses, and do not pro
duee as good results as Hood's Sarsapartlla.
Peculiar In Its "good name at home" there la
more of Ht ol's Sarsapartlla sold in Lowell, wtiere It
Is made, than of all other blood purifiers. ; ,
Peculiar In Its piienomenal record or sales abroad,
no other preparation hns ever attained such popu
larity in so sbort a time. Pe sure to get
Hood's Sarsaparilla
Sold by all druggists. $1; six for ( Prepara 1 only
by C. 1. HOOU & CO.. Apothecaries, Lowell, Haas.
I OO Doses Ono Dollar
ELY'S
CATARRH
Cream Balm
I have used two
liottte of Ely''
Cream Malm and
consider myself
ilAYFEVER$ &
ctretl I suffered 20
years jrom catarrn
anil catarrhal head
ache and this is the
first mild; that af
forded laatinij rr
'lief.n. T. Mqgin-
w... 1 i r. ri... Of.'...f
.so... iu mi ere, j m t ,
Chicago, 111. tflWT "MUVtll
A parthde is applied into sieh nostril and is arree
nblc to use. Price re rts. by mail or at flriiKKistx.
tsend for circular. Ki.t BBOs.Pruinrif ts, OweKO, N. y
r n ,6Jr ThsriSHBRAKOBI-imSKU wstr.nt.d wi-rroc.r. Mill will ,OB
ATn.. a 1V1 ,M ' norm. Th. U.w POMMKt. Fl u KKH Is . p.rl., rutins , ' .
4H VI K IV V roTsrstbsratlrsssfldls. F-wr. oflmltMlont. Nsna crnntns wti,(. tha "risk
iijte&fsiA'a;
Magazine
For larfra or amalt frame all ilsft. Tha stronetft hontlnit rlfls mads,
at-inra.-y guarantev.l, ami Ilia only abaelntoly aala rifla od tha market.
'IPAI.I.ARD GALLERV (SfORTlNn ANT TARGET
lii.t.ati c.uiotue. MAKL1N I'lKE
Forremovinti flnn-imff and curing all scaTp
diseases, u:,e Hall's Hair Kenewer.
Ayer's Aiue (Jure is acknowledged to be
the standard remedy for fever and atfue.
Idiosyncrasy of tho Enplish lantrunprer Why
Is it that a man is said to leave the eaith Just
the moment he enters It ?
Hints to Consumptive.
tbnsnmptives should use food as nourishing
aa can be had, and in a shape that will best
agree with the stomach and taste of the pa
tient. Out-door exercise Is earnestly recommended.
If you are unable to take such exercise on
horseback or on foot, that should famish no
excuse for shutting yourself In-doors, but you
should take exercise in carriage, or in soma
other way bring yourself la contact with the
open air.
Medicines which cause expectoration must
be avoided. For five hUDdred years phy
g'cians have tried to cure Consumption by
U'lng them, and have failed. Where ther la
great derangement of tho secretions, with
engorgement of air-cells, there Is always
profuse expectoration. Now l'iso's Cure re
moves the engorgement and the derangement
of the secretions, and consequently (and In
this way only) diminishes the amount of mat
ter expectorated. This medicine does not dry
np a cough, but removes the cause of it.
When it is impossible from debility or other
causes to exercise freely In the open air, apart
ments occupied by the patient should be so
ventilated as to ensure the constant accession
of fresh air in abundance.
The surface of the body should be aponped
as often as every third day witli tepid water
and a little soft-soap. (This is preferahle-to
any other.) After thoroughly drying, use
friction with the band moistened with oil,
Cod-Liver or Olive is the best. This keeps the
po-es of the kkin in a soft, pliable condition,
which contributes mateually to the unloading
of waste matter from the system throiich this
organ. You will pleoss recolli c we cure tin
d sease by enabling the orca is of the evs'em
lo perform their turn ti ns in a normal way,
or, in other woids, we remove nbst ruction-,
while the recuperative powers of the system
c ire the disease.
We will here say a word In te ird to a congli
n the f rming stage, where there Is no con
stitutional or noticeable diseese. A cough
may or may not foreshadow serious evil ; take
it in its mi des form, to say the least, it is a
nu sance. and should be abated.
A cotiuh is unlike any other aymptomof dis
ease. It stands a conspirator, wiih threaten
ing voice, menacin-r the health and existence
of a vital oriran. Its first appronc i is In whis
pers unintelligible, and at l,rst too of tbti un
heeded, but in time it never fails to ma e itseir
understood never fails to claim the attention
of those on whom it calls.
If you have a co't-'h without disease of the
lunes or serious constitutional disturbance, so
much the better, aa a few do es of Piso's (Jure
will be all vou mav need, while if you re far
advanced in Consumption, several bottles may
lis reouired to effect a permanent cure.
Tne great trouble with the buzz saw is I hat
it never wears falsa teeth.
Fob dyspepsia, LvoiOESTro, depression ot
flurits, general debilitv in their various forms,
alsoaaapreventive against feverand ague and
other intermittent fevers,the"Ferro-Phosphor-ated
Elixir of Cal isaya," made hy Caswell, Haz
ard & Co., New York.and sold hy all Druggists,
is the best tonic: and for patients recovering
from fever or other sickness it has no equal.
One kind of medicine will not cure all kinds
of diseases, llr. Kilmer's Preparations are
Specificsa remedy for each disease. They are
tho result of a successful practice since law.
Chtide to Health (S' lil Vrre) lliii'iha.nlon, N. 1".
Bronchitis Is curei by frequent small
doses of l'iso's Cure for Consunipiioa.
How to Secure Ilrultk.
Scoviix's .SARSAejLnu.i.A avd Stillinuia. on TlfWTJ
ad LivKa Syult will restore per.'e:t health to the
physical organization. It Is, Indeed, a strengthen
ing syrup, pleasant to tak and ha often proved
ltpelf to be the best B ood Pari tier ever discovered,
effectually curing Scrofula, Byphllhlo disorders.
Weakness of the Kidneys. Erysipelas, Malaria, all
Nervous t Is irrters and Debility, Bilious Complaints,
and all diseases livlicu In an Impure condition of
the Blood, Liver, Kidneys, Stomach, cte. It corrects
Indigestion, especially wli n the comp'aint Is of an
exhaustive nature, having a tendency to lejten tiiS
vigor of the brain and nervous syf-tem.
Fob 8potm, KATRSfor advertising io this pspsr
pply to the publisher of tlia paper. I, 3.i
If atllos! Those dull
tired looks and feelings
speuk volumes I Thie
licmody corrects all con
tlitions, restores vigor
and vitality and brings
back youthful bloom
nnd bouutv. 3n(iqita.
I'rcpar'-ti at br. Kilmer hdi
rsss k ht, l!inphauium,N. Y.
Letters of ino-i'ry anwensL
Guidoto Health (Seat (roe).
iAtjK, JIAb:s, I'LLT,
fto4 ftll tbtfr tinpcrfSL-ttoBB. iacladtnv Factel,
I'ernloiw'mriit, SMiperflaoa. flair, birtk Uirli,
Molct, Warta, Mtu, FrtoklM, Hd Nom, Acm,
Blfk Ht4. t. PUt'nr rA thrfr trfA'mat,
Dr. JOHN H. WOODRURYi
JOftJES
PAYS the FR E I C H T
9 Ton Wagon lral
Iron l.?rn. Butt fcrtrinxa, Brul
Tar Bem and Hm IUi for
S60.
Fwrtli s.-ale. For n . prt If
BieuHnn thf psirr and R11riisi
jnwfS OF BfrfGHAMTflff, :
BI.X.II A UTON, IS V.
w ri a h, aiij, w AMiungion, u. u
eOELECTRIC BELT for KIDNEYS, Pain, Nervous &
DOweak. Bookfreo. FLETCHER&CO.,Cleveland,0.
RUPTURE ?KVi'gM
IUI 1 Wllbatlik'. Kxilaun'iou and tea.
timonlals free. Address O. 1'rink, Hib'way, N. Y.
STHSVIACUFiiiD!
l Urrmin Asthma Curo never faitito rlv
Ifbrt&bld sIccd: rtfecta rum where all others fail, i
u immrtiiar relief iu the rit caet. in tire oom
J trial convincr the mt skr.tirai. PHr & Pi a. D'i P
tl.OO, Of Drueai'.is or mail. Samr.ie r K r K tori
siamrt. JK. K. M ill f t- 1 r. I'tnil, linn.
FITS!
Whan I aavT enra I do not mMic meralT to fftor than
for tint and tbou hare tliem return arain. I mean ft
raiiicAl cur. I dat mad the rluftw ot H'iS, h PI
LE PS Y or FALLING KK'itMiUS a Ufa-loay study. I
warrant my remedy to our thfwont oaaea. BAcana
Sbora hare failed is no reason for not now rarefiing a
cur. Send at oncefor atreorlw and a Fne B"tt of
toy Infallible remedy. Oie RKura aiii I'ort Offlca,
la cost a too nothinjr for a trlaJ, and I will pur you.
idi
drMUB. II. t. K h 1 1 . roari ou. gtmm u
hu'.uiuk lur si vi iiu, uu a -ns v-.i
l Dil II. O. R.'XVf. js poarl St.. New Turk
Fort Edward Collegiate Institute
29th year Sept. 13. A !oMiiiK" nfminary for lwdiea
ai'il Kents; having new and hnmUt me In irk bnilil
inwK; Bteam htatd: hix rr,nliiRMnr cnui'M a iuchul.
BuaiiH'sa aid ColU'ire Prcarat rv; Li teachera;
art, nuinic, orntorv. Hatt's r-amnatle. AiMm,
JOS. E. KING. D. I)., Fort Edward, X. .
Tii3Greal3stCuriDsityinHatnre.
The Mpxtenn Rpnurrpelion Plant, apparent
ly dead, when pUeeil in w.tter .oou cornea to lite.
HhowinR ail the tints ot t'e; r.ilneow. : to $i per
da ead.y made. a It noils to four out of fl per
imi at siitht. Send i".e. for :), or 5 le. for 7 witnplrs
nell for25e. eaeiil. Low orl br tl-e I'M and 1,'kM.
A rear'a subscription to oad of ix p.ip-r given to
tint s.le. order from e icli coauly and to firt order
mentioning tills paper.
if. rn.nosorc.
313 Main Street, Fort Whim I , Tem.
BiQir'sPil ! SiC R'iifmaliraenl.
Oral Ux. l.tKl raupd, OO eta, .
to 9Sn dny. samples worth 1.5i mr.K
Lines not und"r the liors-i M feet. Address
BHKWSTKH'sSaFKTY ItKlN HOI.PKK, II ol ly.Mlch.
i'iraploK. Rloielie, Sen It or Oily laiil".
' Blamlsbea nnd nil Skin Disensea Cured
and Complexion Heouiilled by
Beta's AroDnft Am SuIpiM So:p.
Told by Drasi?l'a or sent by mail on receipt of
SSosnta ty W.1I. IMtK VDIIPPE1., illanu
notarer, 20S North Xroutst, 1'hl.adelphla. I'a. !
no nop (o cut U7 Morgss- m
Celebrated HViA '' k ' II A1
ad II Kill I, K oiiiblne.l.
be clipped by any tior-ie. sa i
Baiter to anv Dirt of II. 3. free
recelptoffl. Sold by ail S i liery,
Hardware ant Harness dealers
Special discount to tba 1'ra.la.
Bend for r'rleo l.lit.
J. V. LIOH J'HOIJSK,
iLoouemer, n-
A STEP
N ADVANCE
OF ALL OTHERS.
BFTTFS iNSTnoMEIVTS.
toiven prices.
F-asicnTtHM)
Futl
Panncuians to ' 4
BEIIH BROS. . CO.
NEWARK, N. i.
OATCMTO Obtained. Ren I stamp for
f I CIV I O lueiitor'H Huhle. L. tim.ft.
ham, I'atent l-awyer, asimi,uoii, 1). C.
FRfl7PR" axle
BUST ! TUB WORLD 3
ir iet tne nesmtne.
Sold Everywhere.
fnnOTfivp ivory
PEARLiuuinruii
jiaaalag Taeth rr fact an 4 U m H J t ys
Ptso' itemed for Cainrrh l tha
Best, KaMwst lo Us and Cheapest.
Atflrt tTorwl for Cold in the TTenrt.
Heailuciie, K&y Fevwr,feo. ftocenu.
i ha taken the lead tm
flic sale ot tlutt cImi mi
rcmrMie. an 1 ha gir-,
aimut,t universal uiiilm
Uoa.
MURPHY PRO,,
Vmtl. T
Ohm won the lavor n
trie puhln. ami now rank
a in one. the Iridinsr Mojtw
t Slrlctur.
A Mrl7bytha
.glTini Ch.nie! Co.
Cincinnati IrSa uua-.f!iie o I t. m.
' A I tvtittr
Ohio. ,JrV .,
The Best
alcrprcof
coat.
J. lw.r, Uoto, Haas.
BEST IN THE
WORLD.
5s
Rin.ES A c j ...
AHMS CO., Hew lUven, Conii.
37 a. r.
insi. 1
anasv ah tj v-a .mc
WiTa iifJJiJi-
s. e , . .A . ..-41.

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