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KOTES ON EARTHQUAKES.
W HAT CACSES THE GREAT CONVCL. The Interior of the Fnrth-Whnt the Weather has to Do With ll-Au Earth, quake Line, &c. TJK COURSE OP EARTHQUAKES. The explanation of earthquakes usu ally accepted by geologists is something like this : The earth is believed to be inclosed by a solid crust of rock of variable thickness in different regions. This crust rests upon material in a mo e or less fluid condition, so that it readily yields to the agenc es of deformation like water or molten iron. The reasons for believing that the interior is in a somewhat fluid condit on are various. The most important are: 1. From very many observ tions ma e in mines, ar tesian wells, &c, it is discovered that there is an i crease temperature from the su.face downward, and that this increase is so great that a degree of heat suf ficient to melt all known rocks is soon reached. 2. By certain geological agencies certain rocks from below are brought to the suiface in mountain building; these rocks show evidence of haviug been greatly heated, and even of having been melted. 3. Molten matter in very large quantities comes up from the interior of the earth thiough crevices and volcanic vents. Besides these lines of evidence, there are many accessory facts which tell the same story. The interior of the earth is constantly losing heat in a variety of ways. A small amount is probably conducted to the surface and ra iated into space A large amount of heat is conveyed from the interior through the agency of hot springs. cuch springs are found in many portions of the known earth and in a few districts are very abundant, and through them much heat is con veyed from the interior to the surface, which is there radiated into space. The lavas that are brought up yield vast stores of heat, all o which is lost to the earth through radiation. The secular cool in-j which results from the above causes must necessarily diminish, the magni tude of the earth, and as it shrinks the solid exterior crust must in some man l er yield so as to conform to the lesser magnitude thus produced. The stresses produced in the crust of the earth i y the shrinking of the interior are modi fied by another class of agencies. The land surface of the arth is washed by rains and rivers, and in the aggregate la ge bodies of material are carried away and deposited in lake bottoms, which a e giadually filled up, and espe cially deposited along the shore of the seas. The unloading of land areas and the ovcrloa ing o" certain water areas to a large extent localize it. Again, th flui or plastic material of the in terior changes its position beneath the crust of the earth, and portions of it flow out as lava", thus an additional set of stresses is established Thus stresses are established through the agency of a contracting interior through loading ana un'oading at the surface and through the flow of the interior m tter to the lava beds, where such, matter is poured out upon the surface. The Btresses p oduced by the various agen cies thus described gradually become so great that at last the crust of the earth must yield, and earthquakes arc pro duced. The occurrence of earthquakes in the eastern portion of the United States seems to be related in a very interesting way to certain geological facts observed in the region. At least a considerable share of the Atlantic slope earthquakes are" supposed to have a sequential con nection with h line of displacem nt p ssing through, the Carolinas, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware and Kew Jersey. This li e of displacement has foi tome i time past been a subject of investiga tion by the Geological Survey. Irj lAcorgia and the Carolinas it is repre sented by a general seaward tilling of the surface, unquestionably connected with subteirane n movements, and in Virginia this widespread tilting begins to concentrate in a definite line of dis placement which in the latitude at Fredericksburg is a gentle monoclinal r., the rock strata are there locally bent ownward, and here, as elsewhere along the di placement, the land towards the sea is depressed, and that towards the mountains is elevated. In the lati tude of Washington the displacement becomes either a close flexure or frac ture, and lies in the eastern branch. Its amount here is eighty feet. At the head of Chesapeake Bay the displace ment is 100 feet, and it appears to increase northward, reaching two hun dred or three hundred feet in the lower Hudson Valley The whole of this movement has prob ably occurred in post-quaternary times and is still in progress indeed, it may be questioned whether any general oro graphic movement on any part of the tarth"s surface during any period of geologic time has been much more en ergetic and rapid than that now taking place along the Atlantic slope, and our comparative immunity from serious earth rakes here is to be attributed not bo much to absence of these great earth movements resulting in the lormatiou of mountain chains and even the up heaval of continents, as to the probably less profound depth of this great dis placement than those of mountain re gions, and especially to the fact that no volcanic vents have been estab lished. RELATION OF EABTIIQUAKLS TO THE WEATHER. Prof. Stevens of Packer Institute Bays : By comparison of recoids covering long periods of time earthquakes have been found to be. very slighly more fre quent in winter than in summer, and at times when the relative positions of the tun and moon is such as to produce the highest tides. But no intimate rela tion between earthquakes and the minor lluc-tuations of the weather has been es tablished on any basis of careful obser vation. At certain points the earth's crust' may be in a condition of strain, almost at the critical point of rupture. A prolonged depression of temperature tends to increase the contraction, and an earthquake may possibly be thus de termined. The moon's attraction may likewise increase the strain very slight ly. But beyond this, the weather pro phet of earthquakes is left to nothing better than conjecture. In volcanic regions the escape of Foluble gases through minute cracks in the ground may serve as an indication of subterranean disturbance by altering 1 he taste of mineral springs. This has i-o me times excited lucky conjectures of approaching earthquakes as the fo e lunnerof a volcanic eruption. Rumb ling in the ground is not infrequently a very brief forerur.ner. But such signs re very unreliable, and no method of predicting an earthquake has yet been t iiscovereu. immediately alter a sno:K I here are always claimants for the honor if having guessed its approach; but in ariably they are unable to give any tlcfinile ground upon which the relation Vet ween cause and effect can be traced, htories about peculiar conditions of the si r, or of the human system, or about the terrot displayed by animals, as pre Moni.ions of earthquakes are exclusive ly the products of superstition. AS EARTHQUAKE LINE. The London Telegraph exhibits a map cf the terrible Lisbon earthquake, in tended to portray the fact that the tountry shaken on Tuesday night was a part of the area of the American Con liuent over which that great historic knock was felt, while the larger effects of the movement were experienced in 1 urope. The waves of forces were ropBgated across the Atlantic and felt hlong the whole eastern seaboard of the S.ates and Canada, from South Carolina to Labrador. It is not, perhaps, to be argued that there is any permanent connection between the two areas under t .e bed of the Atlantic, but at the 1 articular moment when Lisbon was t est roved the entire arch of the globe, j a i outlined in our map, was subjected i a tremendous subterranean strain hich it was unable to resist." It re fers to Sir William Dawson's address before the British Association, in which he asked "whether the great forces which formed the Atlantic had finally ceased to operate," and then replied, " It is possible that after a long period of quiescence has elapsed there may be a new settlement of the ocean bed, accompanied by foldings of the crust, especially on the western side of the Atlantic, and possibly with renewed volcanic activity on its eastern margin." THE WASHINGTON MONUMENT. Mr. Green, Col. Casey's assistant in charge of the Washington monument, has been making scientific observations of the structure, o in techn cal phrase " levelling " it, to-day, with a view to notim any change of position. This procedure is undertaken on the first day of every month, but that of to-day has attracted more than usual attention be cause of the desire to kuow whether the earthquake affected the structure. The observation proves that the shaking had not the slightest effect upon the monu ment. In fact, the usual tendency of the structure towards the centre of the earth seems to have been arrested, or rather reversed, since the last observa tion, as the position as compared with that of one month ago is to-day one two-thousandth part of a foot higher. In measuring such almost infinitesimal distances instruments of the utmost pre cision give varying results, and the real changes of position can only be deter mined by taking the general average of a series of observations. These show a downward progress at the rate of about one-thousandth part of a foot each month. Sometimes the obscrvat on shows an apparent settling of about twice that distance, but in such cases the observation a month later will usu ally denote a cessation or an apparent reversal of the moveme t, as was the case to-day. The total downward movement of the structure during the last ew years, including that which oc curred during the laying of the new foundation, is about four inches. DEEPEST BODY OF FRESH WATER. Captain Dnlton's Harvey of Crater Lake, Oregon His Theories. A party sent out by the Geological Survey, under the command of Captain Clarence E. Dutton, U. S. A., has suc ceeded in reaching and making a com plete survey of Crater Lake in Oregon, a body of water whose shores, with the possible exception of one point on the south, have never before been touched by the feet of white men. The party's boats were hauled 100 miles by mule teams, dragged by a detail of soldiers up the snow-clad sides of th ridge meti surrounds the lake, and lowered by ropes from the crest to the water, and 900 feet below. One hundred and sixty soundings were made, the result of which gave the general character of the lake bottom. I wo large submerged cinder cones were found, respectively 800 and 1,200 feet high, the rest of the bottom being flat. Captain Dutton be lieves this to be the deepest body of fresh water on the continent. The greatest depth attained by the sounding line was 2,00.) feet. 'As regards the origin of the basin," he writes t Director Powell, ''I now have a decided opinion. It has, I think, been formed in much the same way as the great calderas of the Hawaiian Isl ands, by the melting of the foundations of the original mounta ns, the blowing out of the molten material in the form of light pumice and fine tufa. It cannot have been formed by an explosion, like a Krakatao and Tomboro in the East Indies, for there is no trace of the frag ments in the country roundabout. But the pumice and tufa which surely eman ated from this crater are seen in vast quantities anywhere within a i adius of twenty to sixty miles, and in quantities ample to fill the whole vast crater twice over. 1 ne age I tne crater is wnolly jfost-glaciuk I have found at the ex treme crest of the wall on the western side splendid examples of glacial, stria tum, while'the old moraiues are half a mile to a mile below. That the age of the caldera cannot be great is evident from the fact that, though the walls are crumbling at a very rapid rate, the talus has not only not reached the water surface anywhere, but the sounding discloses but little of it at the bottom." A Batt red Silk Hat. HOW A DUDE TURNED THE LAUGH OS HIS PERSECUTORS. From the Alta California. 'Johnson is a good-hearted fellow and a good workman, but, boys, I can't go his airs. Every night he takes a bath, puts on his Sunday clothes and a silk hat, and comes down town. You'd take him to be a stock broker instead of a machinist. Now, I've got nothing agin a man's wearing good clothes, but I draw the line at silk hats every day. I wear one myself on Sundays, and that's enough style for a hard-handed mechanic. Now, the next time we catch him in here let's make a football of his hat, and if he kicks we will buy him another." So spoke a young man named Sanders, who works in the rail way machine shops, the other evening to several of the boys who were playirg pool in a Market street saloon. It was agreed upon that Johnson should be invited to take a drink, and while at the bar Sanders should knock his hat off and the others make a foot ball of it. The next morning Johnson walked in, greeted the boys pleasantly, and invited them to take a drink with hiin. The time had come, and in a mo ment Johnson's hat was in a condition that would have discredited a tramp, for it looked like a hairy accordion. Johnson smiled blandly, lit a cigar, and philosophically pulled away until the boys had demolished the hat and their shouts of laughter had subsided, when he said, quietly : "Yoj fellows seem to be enjoying yourselves." "You bet," retorted Sanders. "Don't wear a plug hat every day, Johnson. Honest, tiie boys think you feel above them. We just kicked the hat to pieces j partly for a joke and partly to let you 1 Al A ll' 1. A A- I Know mat we luiua you are trying io put on airs. Now we will buy you an other." "Oh, it's not necessary. The hat wasn't mine." "Whose was it, then?" asked one of the boys. "Well, you see, it's this way. I took my hat down to get it blocked this morning, so I stepped into Sanders' room you know we board at the same place and borrowed his to wear to night. I knew he would loan it to me if I asked him, so I made free to take it, seeirg he wasn't there. Sorry, boys, for the hat, but glad to see you enjoy yourselves." Sanders looked at the remains of the hat, then at Johnson, burst into a hear ty laugh, and remarked: "Come up, boys, this is on me. Serves me right.' Buso Ball GaniM iig. It begins to look as though there was a "job in the base ball League to let the ' Chicago club win Detroit has been ; given the lead, or has maintained the lead, long enough to encourage men to "gamble"' on it winning the pennant, and now it is that it appears that the : Chicago men who own stock in the same are beginning to pull the string and in- ! sist on that club losing a few games so as to give Chicago the start. A few ! more games like that between the De troits and Philadelphias on Thursday will strengthen the suspicion that it is the intention of the real owners of the Detroit organization to throw the pen nant in favor of the Chicago club. This is the kind of business that ruined the popularity of thi3 sport a few years ago, and will do so again, just as sure as this bargain is carried out. Indianapolis Journal. Dallas Hill of Norwood, Ga., made a "fat meat poltice" for a swelling, and went to bed. While he slept, as only a tired negro can sleep, rats, attracted by the smell of the meat, came out and gnawed on Dallas's greasy fingers, lac erating them badly, and possibly dan gerously, without waking him. SHORT SUMMER SERMONS. Delivered by Brother Gardner to the Suf fering People of this World. From the Detroit Free Press. Brudder Amibad Cantilever, it am re ported dat you am about to take unto yerself a wife. Dat 'de report am true vour recent ackshuns am proof. You has bin seen . pricin' second hand stoves, squintin' at fo' dollar bedroom sweets, an' rustlin' aroun' arter bric-a-brac. Marriage am nuffin' you need be ashamed of, an' I reckon you kin depend on dis club to warm up Ue house lor you an' leave behind some hard-bottomed cheers an' a few articles of tinware. Brudder Cantilever, marriage am a lottery or a dead sure thing jist as you make it. If you git stuck on sight fall in luv with a gal fur her small leet, taperin' waist, dimpled chin or warbhn' mouf. an' marrv her off-hand at about twelve weeks' notis, you needn t be astonished if dar am a dynamite 'splo- shun afore you hev bin hitched a weetc. Small feet an' a good temper doan' alius go together. Slim waists and kitchin' economy may not work in de same har ness. The gal who charms you by de way she drums de pianner may flatly re fuse, as a wife, to run dem same fingers ober de wash bo'd. Firstly, doan' git married until you know what you are bein' jined to. Study de gal. Let de feet go an' watch her temper. Let de bangs go an' watch hereconomy. Nebber you mind about ie way she dimples her chin, but ax yerself if she'll make de bed wid de foot lower dan de head. You has got to do all the studyin'. Not one gal out of a thousand eber stops to size up a luver. If his Grecian nosejor curly ha'r or droopin' mustache strikes her fancy she'll nebber stop to study his natur' nor to worry ober his habits. She is marryin' dat nose, or head or mustache. A month arter marriage, when he hauls her aroun' by the hair an' slaps her dimpled jaw she's perfectly astonished to think she made slch a mistake. Secondly, Brudder Cantilever, arter de knot has bin tied make up yer mind dat de fucher won't be all plain sailin. You are gwine to be tried an' tested an' trubbled, an' you hev got to call up all yer manhood. You will h'ar de sasser scrapin' de bottom ot de ttour bar 1 when you heven t got a cent in yer pocket. De woodpile will run out in Jinuary, an' de sugar an' bacon will seem to be car'ied off by de rats. If yer wife am eber so good-natured she will hev her trials an' tribulashuns, an' dar may be times when she'll riz up an' claw fur you. In de y'ars gone by my ole woman has rushed upon me wid de rollin'-pin, an' I has retorted in a way to make her ears ache, but all de time I knowed she was savin' an' good-hearted, an' she knowed I'd empty my pockets of de last shillin' to buy her a new set of false frizzes. If you am suited to each odder an occashunal row in de fam'ly will prove a stickin'-plaster to hold you de clusser together. If you ain't suited if you diskivcr dat you hev struck a patch of Canada thistles an' can't sot still, an' if de odder party diskivers dat she has taken a tumble off de monument of Komance an' brought up wid a thud in de mud-hole of Reality, you jist ab squatulate apart. Go quietly an' de cently an' git onhitched by divorce, an let de wisdom gained by experience' stan' at yer right hand when ye make anoder choice. Brudder Cantilever, my feelins' an' de feeling of dis club am wid ye, an' our good wishes, together wid at least $2 wurth of tinware, kin be counted on whenever do fatal occashun arroves. SAM COLYILLE'S NERVE. lie Felt Death Coming and CooIt Ar ranged Ilia Bn.iness Affairs. The nerve displayed by poor old Sam Colville during the last sixty minutes ot his life ways amazing to people, who knew him, and they are talking about it around the city with bated breath. Of course all theatrical folks knew'CoF ville. Almost everybody liked him in spite of his rather pompous method of conversation. Indeed, a good many people in this business had mighty good, reason to regard him with grateful con sideration. For several years badtXJol vilie has been a sort ol tiicatrieal banker. That it is to say, he has loaned large sums of money to other managers in pressing need of timely as sistance, and when his estate comes to be settled up there will be some pretty lively skirmishing by some people I know of to pick up the mortgages which Colville has been carrying along as an accommodation to his debtors. I fancy his fortune will be found to be some where in the neighborhood of $ 80, 000, the most of which is in solid and sub stantial shape. Colville knew he was going to die the minute he was struck with the first convulsion of his heart the other afternoon. lie was away up in Central Park at the time in his car riage, with his wife's brother, a young man named Bosenquest, who has been Colville's business manager for several years. Said the old gentleman : "There is something the matter with my heart. I am going to die." "Nonsense," exclaimed Rose.iquest. 'You never looked better in your life." "Doubtless," continued Mr. Colville, "but it is nevertheless true that in an hour I shall be a dead man. Now, I want you to pay particular attention to what I have to say." Then Mr. Colville went on with the utmost calmness and deliberation, as though engaged in ordinary business conversation. "In the first place," he said, "I want a very quiet funeral, the services to be rendered by Dr. Houghton. Now. as to yourself. When I am dead you will have large interests and responsibilities. Your sister's affairs are to be taken care of, and you will probably have the full management of the estate. I want the importance of the situation to impress itself upon you, and I desire you to brace up and be a man in every sense of the term." So Mr. Colville went on all the way down town. Twice during the journey it was necessary to stop and give him brandy in order to revive his sinking vitality When he reached his home he insisted upon walking in by himself, and death ensued almost imme diately upon his entrance into the house. Jiostoa Herald,. Daring Feat of a Bicycl'st. N. T. Robertson, the well-known bicyclist of Washington, D. C, and two friends went to Cabin John Bridge to ascertain the truth of the story pub lished a day or two ago of the riding of a bicycle across the bridge on the cop ing. After careful inquiry they found that the story was a hoax originating in a joko. Mr. Robertson thereupon de termined to be the one to accomplish the feat. The coping is a wall three hundred feet long with a flat top fifteen inches w ide and a height on the left of about three feet above the roadway of the bridge and on the right at the mid dle of about one hundred and twenty five feet above the rocky gorge below. Mr. Robertson placed his bicycle upon the coping, where it was held by one of his companions until he had mounted, lie then started on his perilous trip. Moving slowly in nn almost straight line he proceeded steadily to the middle of the bridge, where for an instant he swayed slightly toward the outside, but quickly recovered and kept on. On nearing the further end he tipped the little wheel up and with a short ride on one wheel dismounted backwards safe ly, having crossed in three minutes. all Was Silent. A gentleman who has had previous experience with earth quakes writes to the 1'oxt of Washing ton that he was near Spottsylvania Court House, Va., on Monday night, and closely observed what had occurred. At the first tremor he looked out of the window. The evening was quiet and calm, and the numberless insects that chirp nightly were in full blast. Sud denly all tliese voices of the night ceased, and there was an intense silence, broken only by the rumble of the earth quake, and this silence continued until after the third shock, and then the in sects resumed their noisy concert, lie asks savants to account for this. STRANGE THINGS WE SEE. PECULIAR INCIDENTS TFI T TAKE PLACE ABOUT US DAILY. The Latest Swindle Behind the Scenes Wife Beating In a Colliery Shaft A Fine ;Lasie Too Prudish The .Minis ters. &o., &c. In the country, not more than 15 miles from Modesto, Cal., resides a young lady who has developed into a perfect electric battery. The first evi dence to that effect that the young lady had presented itself to her a few even ings ago. She was about to retire, and extinguished the light in her room, and with a quick motion rolled back the bed covering, when lo, and behold ! the bed immediately was turned into a sheet of fire. The young lady, much fright ened, screamed "Fire!" and at the same time grabbed the bed covering in her arms. When the other members of the family arrived at the door of the room they found her standing in the middle of the room ir. the midst of what seemed to be a flame of fire, but no eooncr had the bed clothes been taken from her arms than the flames disappeared. Ex periments made by the young lady since have proved that she has become pos sessed of a vast amount of electricity, which shows itself at every opportunify. The young lady is not at all satisfied with the phenomena, as it requires the great est caution on her part to keep from starting up a small bonfire by the slightest movement of her hands. A peculiar accident recently occurred in Coxlodge colliery, near Newcastle, in England. The "back shift" men, to the number of about a hundred, after having descended the shaft, were riding on tubs drawn by a wire rope, which was kept in position by "sheaves" hang ing from the roof. These revolving sheaves are of metal, and about three feet in circumference. The rope is worked by the engines above ground, and is connected with the first line of tubs, and so hauls the tubs along to the vicinity of the "face" of the coal, where the men work. A string of fifty tubs was in motion, over thirty of which contained three men each, in a sittiug posture, when one of the shsave9 under which the tubs were passing broke from its place in the roof, and came in con tact with the heads of the men sitting in the tubs, which were going along with considerable speed. An alarm was raised, but before it could be responded to the tubs had gone two hundred yards further on. Thirteen of the men received injuries of a grave character about the head and face, and seven or eight others sustained hurts of a minor character. One of the latest swindling schemes is for the swindler to get a check for a small amount from a depositor at a bank and at the same time a blank check exactly like the filled-in check. Laying oae upon the other so that the edges are exactly even, the two are torn so that the signature appears on one place of the lilled-in check and the amount and name of the payer on the other. The blank check having been torn with a good check and in exactly the same way, the swindler can fill in on the large piece of the blank check any amount he desires, and with the piece of the genuine check containin? the signature is ready to tell how the check becamo accidentally torn when ne demands payment. The fact that the two pieces exactly match is calcu lated to deceive any bank teller. Harry D. Smith of Poslon. while swimming in Lake Idlewild, near Wen ham, on Saturday was taken with cramps He called for assistance and two young men who were in a boat with two young women started to help him. But the girls, with criminal prudery, refused to allow the men to row near the drowning man. "Yoi shall not." they screamed. "you shall not take that naked man in to this boat." The young men were foolish enough to heed these cries, and rowed the girls ashore as soon as possi ble, ana then hurried back to young Smith, but before they reached him he went down for the last time. All this was in, (iie-twesenre of 1h ymmfr mnr,. mother, who was only restrained by force from rushing into the water to help her son. Speaking of the old minstrel firm of Birch, Backus, Bernard and Wambold, Billy Birch said to a Chicago reporter: "Backus, good fellow that he was, is dead. Bernard is a very rich man in New York. Wainbold is at Saratoga, wealthy, but an invalid. As for me, here I am 1 My earnings of years arc somewhere on Wall street. I can't just locate them. Played for a sucker by sharpers ? Played for a sucker yes ; by sharpers, n. By friends or those who posed as such. They were not con tent with my money, but tried to take my homestead ; but, thank the Lord, the lawsuit has just been decided in my favor." Wife-beating among the English is well known as" a prominent offence, but statistics show that this country is not exempt. Last year in Pennsylvania there were 525 complaints by wives against their husbands for brutal beatings, but this statement is said to give only a part of the actual cases. As " it is known that "with the exception of the seal, man is the only animal in creation which maltreats its mate or any female of its own kind," the statistics suggest the need of more civilization legislation so that man should equal the lower animals at least. A female missionary at Kobe, Japan, met with an unpleasant adventure not long ago. She was invited to a house by a Japanese, and when she arrived she was locked up in a room with a man, who told her in an insulting manner that he hated Christianity; but if she would cure his old mother, who suf sered from sickness, he was ready to adopt her faith, otherwise he would take her life. By the intervention of his wile, however, the lady managed to es cape. The man held a drawn sword in his hand during the interview. During the progress of the comedy of "Zip" at a Cincinnati theatre a few nights ago, the stage carpenter dropped dead of heart disease out of sight of 'the audience but in the presence of the players, for he stood in the wing looking on at the performance. Death overtook him at a moment when the actors were in the midst of a lively and humorous scene, and the shouts of laughter of the spectators rang in the man's ears as he fell upon the stage. The body was im mediately removed and the play was not interrupted. A smart fellow at the Chico, Cal., races, bragging about how he could en dure the pressure of any carria e run ning over his open hand, illustr ted his remarks by placing his hand in front of the hind wheel of a carriage that was passing. When the carriage had passed, tho fool had two badly smashed fingers that may have to be amputated. A Philadelphia detective is reported as saying that bunco men and that class of thieves rarely, if ever, approach red headed persons, because redheaded men, as a rule, are quick tempered and are apt to make considerable fuss as soon as they know that they have been robbed, and of all things the bunco man detests a fuss the most. Cruel jokers told a feeble-minded youth in a Canadian town that one of the graves in a cemetery near by was his. He visited the spot and seeing a stono bearing the name "Fred" con cluded that that meant him, and begau to open the grave to free his body. A jiolieeman found him thus engaged and carried him to jail. The American Nautical Almanac for 18tS! shows two total eclipses for the year, one Jan. 1 and the other Dec. 2-J. The path of totality of the first named covers Sau Francisco, while that of the other skirts the northeastern coast of South America and crosses the continent of Africa. This is rather alarming. The New Yo k Kntrrp in; (colored organ) figures out that at the present rate of increase in population by 1080, the white folk3 in the southern states will number 30,400, 00, while the negroes will amount to 318,400,000. A new planchette ia made in Chicago Dy nailing iour short woouen legs unaer the rim of a man's hat by means of pins run through the ciotn. un pieces nnner the letters nf t.rt nlnhaheh marked and so are the words "yes" and " tin" on RPnnratA Kifa rtf nnnpr Per sons with mediumistic or electrical qual ities ucnve mucn iun irom maitiug iui hat spell out words by leaping from let ter to letter. The toy ia called the dan cing Derby." A Chinaman, who has been in the New Westminster, Canada, jail, under sentence of death, was very angry when told a lew days ago that he was re prieved for a month. E e said that after death his soul would inhabit the body of a bird, and ho was anxious for the transmigration to take place, that he might peck out the eyes of those who had testified against him. LOFTY PATRIOTISM. How the Flag Was Fastened on St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna. The emperors fete has been kept up by a patriotic enthusiast in an altogether unprecedented fashion. At an early hour in the morning the report spread through the town that a large flag was to be seen floating from the topmost ex tremity of the gilt cross that snrmounts the steeple of St. Stephen s cathedral. The building is of Gothic structure, and the steeple, which rises to a height of 4o0 feet, culminates in a point, on which stands a gilt cross, measuring, with the globe beneath it, about four teen feet. It is quite inaccessible, ex cept by means cf special scaffolding, which would have to be erected from at least 100 feet below. At first the re port was discredited, but the whole town soon turned out to verify it for themselves. It was found to be correct. At twelve o'clock last night a Styrian, named I ircher, ac by trade a repairer of church steeple,''arrived on St. Steph en's place with a large parcel contain ing a black and yellow flag, with the inscription " Long Live Kaiser Frank Joseph." He had with him, besides a strong rope, a bottle of wine and water. Taking off his shoes he began to climb the lightning conductor "which rises from the ground to the summit of the gilt cross. It was a moonlight night and he was soon discovered from the street below. The awe stricken spec tators imagined tl ey were in presence of a somnambulist, and did not venture to call out to him, but fetched the police and a small detachment of the fire brigade with canvass sheets and fire escapes complete. It was im possible to reach him with the latter, so the sheets were spread out in case he should fall.- But on he climbed, resting new and then upon the iron bars that fix the lightning conductor to the ma sonary of the steeple. About half-way up there is a watchman, who is in tele graphic communication with the fire brigade, and reports to them any out break within sight of his post of obser vation. He was terrified last night on seeing a human figure pass his window in silence and continue its way aloft. He not unnaturally inquired of Pircher what his business was, to which the lat ter replied: "Don't make a fuss, I am only going to put a flag on the top in the kaiser's honor. I shall be down again directly." He accomplished his perilous undertaking without accident, and thus performed one of the most as tounding gymnastic feats on record. When he gat to the bottom again he found three constables waiting to take him off to the next police station, whither he was obliged to proceed bare footed, some dishonest and inconsider ate person having appropriated his shoes while he was climbing the steeple. The commissary of police, who had never before been called upon to deal with a case of that kind, very properly ordered Pircher to be dischargad, objecting to reward such lofty patriotism with the lockup. There have been one or. two similar instances -before, but in none -of them has the descent been effected in .the same way, the others having alighted on the square towtr level with the roof, coming down thence by the stone stair case. A telegram was despatched to the emporer this rjnftrnTTinrt .informing Ins majesty of Pircher's intrepid feat, and a subscription has been opened for him at the Casino club, which amounted this afternoon to over 200 florins. Pircher is a cripple, having broken his left foot by a fall while engaged in repairing a church roof several years ago. London TeLgraph. The Dust Question. wnAT A DAMP CLOTH JUDICIOUSLY USED IS ABLE TO ACCOMPLISH. A housekeeper whose rooms were as nearly specklcss as modern conveniences admit, a furnace being always dust dis tributor for the entire house, long ago settled to her own satisfaction that a damp cloth was the key to the difficulty. Not a wet cloth, for wet is the interpre tation that the common mind will put up on damp, but a soft cloth, sprinkled in a slight degree, enough to make dust cling till it can be. shaken off. Mold ings, baseboards and all corners should be wiped in this way, and whoever tries the experiment will be amazed to see how the necessity for what is known as a general cleiuing diminishes. Sweeping is far less a frequent need than is supposed,"and when it must be done the damp cloth system is of equal avail. Put a spoonful of ammonia in half a pail of warm water and wipe the carpet with a cloth wrung out from this water. Theust is removed the colors freshened, tfnd any stray moth a possi bility everywhere in these days of fur naces finds a sudden end. Fluff, in sini ous and unconquerable, forming it self in mysterious rolls under beds and in corners, is reduced to its lowest forms, sinks into almostimpalpablcunpleasant ness before the damp cloth' instead of sailing triumphantly before the broom. The broom will still be an essential, but as servant, not monarch, and even where one cannot afford a carpet-sweeper need never again involve the amount of hard work associated with it. Hondin's Skill In Juggling. M. Robert Houdin, jn his delightful autobiography, tell us that when he had determined to become a conjurer he be gan by learning to juggla as a prelimi nary training for h:. eye and his hand. He w as instructed in the art by a "ped icure" named Maous, who taught him in a month to keep four balls in the air at the same time. Then the future master of magic, desiring to acquire the faculty of doing two things at once a faculty of inestimable value to the modern ma gician improved on his teacher's in structions by training himself to read while juggling. "I placed a book be fore me," he records, "and while my four balls were dancing in the air I ac customed myself to read it without hes itation." Thirty years later, when he sat down to write his memoirs, he found that, although he had never performed this feat in public, and very rarely had repeated it in private, he was still able to read while jugling, but J that Jhe could then only keep three balls in the air, and not four, as he had done for merly. This is additional evidence, were any needed, that although a dex terity acquired early in life may dimin ish with the advancing years and an abandonment of constant practice, it is raiely lost altogether. Saturday lie view. Follows an EcLpse. Tho late Commander Morrison, Roy al Navy, in 18154 published the follow ing observations on earthquakes: "Earthquakes generally follow close on the heels of eclipses. At the period of the earthquake many aspects will be found between the planets in the heav ens." In the present instance an eclipse of the sun occurred vm Aug. 20. Jupiter and I'ranus were in conjunction with the moon on Aug. 31. On .the same day there were important aspects between the sun and Jupiter and between Mars and I'ranus. Mars, is at present in Scorpio, which has been supposed to be another circumstance favoring the pro duction of earthquakes. HOLDING A SEAT. A Little Experience bv a Sufferer In a Railroad Car. " Will you be kind enough to watch my seat here and allow no one to get in to it while I go into the smoking car and take a smoke?" asked the pre sumptuous passenger in the opposite seat ot me. What else could I do but to answer yes, though I had started out on a pleas ure excursion, and this man's condescen sion quite knocked all the pleasure out of the trip at the beginning, and now that latal seat layfon my mind like my last year's debts provided I had some. At the next station a big man came m, and, spying the only vacant seat, pre-empted it on the spot, and proceeded to make himself comfortable. I sat a long time considering how far my re sponsibility went, but I saw that I must do something, so I mildly whispered to him that the seat belonged to another, and he scowled and left at the next sta tion, where some ladies got aboard. As a last resort I placed my new hat over in the seat to preserve it the seat, not the hat and two of the lemales sat down on the hat. They did not appear to notice the hat, or probably thought it was the bustle, and began to make themselves at home. I told them as coolly as I could that the seat was occupied. They said of course it was. I remarked that the owner's hat was under them. They obliterated me with a frown and got up; the hat didn't get up. Its get-up was gone. I tried to straighten out the hat and felt sick, so did the hat. I indulged inwardly in some strengthy secular lan guage, and soon a tall, long-haired fel low got aboard, whose pantaloons were poked into his boots to rest, and whose shirt yearned towards a washtub, and took the fatal seat without paying any attention to me waving him away. I had to do it, though I shuddered. I walked to him and gently and politely told him the seat belonged to another man, when, all of a sudden, he jumped up as if there was a tack in the seat and gave a regular Comanche howl, as I sat back into my seat, wishing there was a trap door thi ough the floor of the car. "This seat belongs to another, does it ? Where is the duffer ? Where are his symptoms ? Nothing here. Where are his remains, his silk umbrella, his peanut shells, his tobacco spit, his chewing-gum shoes, his fur-collar over coat, his thirty-eight caliber valise, and his eye-glass ? Show me, if you please, hi3 assets, his liabilities, his heirs, ad ministrators or assigns 1 Where is his mortgage, or his lien, or twenty years' lease ? I am Cross eyed Bill from Brazos! (and he parenthicised the name with a couple of long-horn revolvers). Are you the ozone, the canned fruit man who is trying to preserve this seat for the com ing man, or the rising generation ? " I begged to prove an alibi, insanity, or anything legal that was necessary or would do any good, and begged him not to mention it, when in came the former occupant and asked the stranger shortly to get out. The stringer got out, and the owner of the seat began to fall all over himself, to explore the ceiling with his feet, to test the floor, to unhandle the neighboring scats, and when the stranger laid him gently down in the aisle and spread him out comfortable to rest, and recuperate, and catch his breath, and get his health back, and try to feel better, and try to be easier, and wait for a doctor, and gather his senses, I had time to think that it was tho right way for a man to be served who will ask another to hold his scat during his ab sence. Would Xot Die. "One of the most striking instances of 'mind-cure' I ever saw," said Judge W one day, "was exhibited in an old lady client of mine ; but it was a case of self-cure. Her name was Nor ton. She had been a second wife. She was in bed, seriously ill, and sent for me to draw up her will. 'T hastened to the house with paper and pen. I found a table and chair ready for me at the woman's bedside, and in a few moments I told her I was ready to prepare the will if she would tell me what, she wished its provisions to be. I wrote the introductory phrase rapidly, and leaning over toward her, said: 'Now, go on, Mrs. Norton.' "Her voice was quite faint, and she seemed to speak with an effort. She said : 'First of all, I want to give my farm to my sons, Harry and James ; just put that down.' " 'But,' said I, you can't do that, Mrs. Norton; the farm isn't yours to give away.' " 'The farm isn't mine!' she said, in a voice decidedly stronger than be fore. ",'No, the farm isn't yours. You have only a life interest in it.' " 'This farm that I've run for goin' on forty-three years next spring isn't mine to do what I please with itl Why not, judge? I'd like to know what you mean?' " 'Why Mr Norton your husband gave you a life estate in all his prop erty, and on your death the farm goes to his son John, and your children get the village houses. " 'And when I die John Norton is to have this house and farm whether I will or no?' " 'Just so.' " 'Then I ain't going to die,' said tho old woman, in a clear and decidedly ringing, healthful voice. "And so saying, she threw her feet over the front of the bed, sat up, gath ered a blanket and coverlid about her, straightened up her gaunt form, walked across the room, and sat down in a chair before the fire. The doctor and I came . home. That was fifteen years ago. The old lady's alive to-day." Human Tigers. We have before us the tiger of the human specie . To no tribe in Ameri ca can these remarks apply with more force than the Apaches of Arizona. To see them, as they first appeared to the white men half clad, half fed, covered with vermin, with no semblance of property beyond the rude arms with which they doggedly waged war against unpitying nature it was easy to believe, and many Americans did be lieve, that nothing could be more easily effected than their extermination or subjection. It has taken the expendi ture of countless treasure and blood to demonstrate that these naked Indians were the most thoroughly individualized soldiers on the globe; that each was an army in himself, waiting for orders from no superiors - thoroughly confi dent in his own judgment, and never at a loss to know when to attack or wheri to retreat. The Apache can be compared most aptly to the wild animal he fittingly calls his cousin the coyote. The civilized settkm.'nts are his sheep folds, and even supposing that a toil some campaign results in destroying forty out of a band of fifty, tho sur vivors are ns much to be dreaded as ever, until the very last one can be run down, killed, or got under control, and taught to labor lor his bread. Genial George Crook in the Journal of the Mili tary Service Institution. A Little Hoax. Apropos of the Mexican war talk, savs a newspaper correspondent, I read an amusing story of a crack company in a neighboring State. While they were drilling the other evening a dispatch, apoarentlv from Washington, was handed to tho captain, asking him how many of his command could start at once for Mex ico. He read it to the bovs, who with one accord began to make excuses. They wished that they had talked moro warlike when they learned that the dis patch w as a hoax. ITAKnisrw TT fll.lll-n rf Ttnltnn Tr. as, is noted for having one hundred and one millet wounds on Ins body. When he was a boy a friend thought he was a deer and fired thirty-seven buckshot in to him; he was shot all to pieces in the war; and in a Bolton dentist took him for an enemy and put fifty one duck shot into his back, perforating his liver and kidnevs. sivtv lu-ll..tu size from a duck shot to an ounce ball, remain ia his body. THE Git EAT SEA SERPENT. View oT I he Scientists Relative to a Ma rine Monster. Prof. Gill, of the Fish Commission, who is familiar with modern and ancient sea serpent literature, does not believe in the existence of any such monster as that which is reported to be disporting itself in the Hudson liver. The nega tive 'evidence he says is very strong as presented to the scientific mind. The true sea serpent is an air-breathing ani mal and could not exist indefinitely be neath the surface of the sea. Such monsters were common in the cretaceous age of the world and their remains are common enough in the deposits of those times, but nothing remotely resembling them is found in the deposits of later geological ages. The sea bottoms of these later ages are in many parts of the world now above the surface and open to the in spection of geologists. If any descend ants of the ancient monsters had re mained alive traces of them he thinks would assuredly be found. There are monsters of the shark family which grow to an immense length and swim with an undulatory motion which might cause them to be mistaken for serpents, but they have no power of raising their heads above the surface and gazing about them, as is reported of the Hud son river specimen. Moreover, the deep-sea inhabitants of the present age are descendants of dittoral species of former ages, the ancient reptilian species having ceased to exist. There are, to be sure, real sea serpents now inhabiting tropical seas, swimming upon the sur face, and sometimes climbing on ship board, some species of which are poi sonous, but they are little fellows, from one to four or five feet in length. On the other hand Prof. Goode, also of the Fish Commission, does not wholly discredit tho statement that a monster as yet unknown to science of reptilian shape and having the power of lifting its head far above the surface of the sea may still be in existence. He has been told by a commander of a revenue ves sel, for whose trustworthiness he can vouch, that a creature of this character as large around as an ordinary stovepipe and with a head on it once made its appearance in the vicinity of his vessel in the Pacific, raising its head far above the surface of the sea. Prof. Goodc's informant was not talking "for publica tion," and was not the kind of man who would be likely to deceive or be de ceived in such matters. From time to time captured creatures which are re potted to be sea serpents fall into the hands of naturalists, but when submit ted to the tests of science they uniform ly prove to be abnormal specimens of familiar forms such as the basking shark and the oar fish. Can Imagination Kill I Th's is, perhaps, hardly the correct form of question that the " British and Colonial Druggist " puts to itsalf in dis cussing the death ot the young woman at Hackney under circumstancet in which a certain insect powder largely figured. As the powder appears, by Dr. Tidy's experiment, to be perfectly harmless, the suggestion is not unnatur ally made that the deceased, who was possibly of a hysterical, high y imagin ative turn of n ind, took the powder in the full belief that by its means her death might be accomplished. The writer of the article in our contempor ary, we think wrongly, brings forward two remarkable instances of what may be regarded as practical jokes with melancholy terminations. In the case of the convict delivered up to the sci entist for the purpose of a psycological experiment (the man was strapped to a table and blindfolded, ostensibly to be bled to death; a siphon containing water was placed near his head, and the fluid was allowed to trickle audibly into a. vessel below it, at the same time that a trifling scratch with a needle was inflicted on the culprit's neck; it is said that death occurred at the end of six minutes), fear must have played no in c nsiderabl s share in the fatal result, and we do not know whether all the vital organs were in a sound condition, though "they were presumably so. The old story of the case of a college porter is also one in point. 1 he students en trapped him into a room at night, a mock inquiry was held, and the punish ment of death by decapitation decreed for his want of consideration to the students. It is small wonder that, un der the dominion of fear and belief in the earnestness of his tormentors, the sight of an axe and block, with subse quent blindfolding and necessary genu flection, a smart tap with a wet towel on the back of the neck should have been followed by the picking up of a coipsc. Lancet. Socialism aud Insanity. Some time ago a romantic story was put forth that Louise Michel, the fe male leader of the Paris Communists, was insane. She had fallen violently in love with a nobleman, it was said, in her early youth, and aspired to be his wife. He had encouraged this feeling as long as it amused him, and then had thrown her aside w ith contempt. This treatment had enraged her against his class, and she became a monomaniac on the subject. Hence her bitterness toward rank was due to a misplaced flirtation, and not tl an innate love for the masses against classes. Now comes a learned Dr Lombroso, who de clares, in a French publication, that all Anarchists and Communists are de mented. He finds that a propensity for revolution is merely a demonstration of insanity, and should bo treated the same as other forms. This learned doc tor discovers that revolutions occur chiefly in warm countries, and during summer. The heat stirs up the blood, and excites the mind. To illustrate the fact, the Doctor shows that, of nearly two hundred popular outbreaks in Europe, covering France, Italy, and Greece, there were thirty-two in June, and twelve in November, and the sum mer averaged three times as many as the colder seasons. All leaders of the Socialist propaganda this eminent phy sician considers insane. He recalls the fact that, after the Paris conspiracy, in 1871, four of the chiefs of tne move ment were ..discovered, upon examina tion. tovbo hereditary lunatics, while four others had previously been under treatment for insanity. Baltimore Daily Aews. Indian Btlles In Alaska. A letter to the San Francisco Chron icle from Alaska says: Indian belles were out in full feather. They waddld up and down the lanes of the town, squatted at the street corners or lav in heaps among the wares which were dis played upon the narrow strips of side walk. Many of them had wild berries for sale or were eating handfulls of them at invervals to encourage the ap petite of the indifferent customer. Some of these Indian maiden's had their faces covered with a thick coating of soot and oil. the rims of the eyclidst the tip of the nose and the inner, portions of the lips showing in striking contrast to the hideous mask, which they are said to wear in order to preserve their com plexion. They look for the most like black-faced monkeys, and appear in this guise a great portion of the time in order to 'dazzle the town, after a scrubbing. With skins as fair and sleek as soft-soap. Even some of the sterner sex are constrained to resort to art in the hope of heightening their many beauty, but these are, of course, Alaskan dudes, and as such are doubtless par donabla. There is a bath house in Juneau and a barber shop. They did a big business on our arrival. There are many billiard halls, where prohibited drinks are to be more or less surrepti tiously obtained. A dance hall stand uninvitingly open to the street At the doorway, as we passed it, was posted a hand lettered placard announcing that the ladies of Juneau would on the evening in question give a grand ball in honor of the passengers of the A neon. Tickets, 50 cents. We ahe ukady to wallop Canada and thrash Mexico, though we haven't yet captured Geriuomo. TIIE CLAY EATERS. The Peculiar Diet of Certain North Carolina Sandhillers. I have seen " sandhillers" in certain parts of North and South Carolina, and some within ten miles of Columbia, while engaged in eating their dinner, and havo observed them consume, with evident relish, large quantities of clay, and what's more, I have joined in their frugal repast and partaken of some of the stuff myself. It is nearly tasteless, but some of the clay-eating epicures pro fess to enjoy it because of a delicate fla vor it possesses. It is white, devoid of grit, and not unlike the kaolin of which plates and saucers are made. There is nothing disagreeable about this clay and may be taken into the stomach with impunity. It is not injurious as an article of diet, indeed, many contend that it insures longevity and wards off several diseases, lhere are well authen ticated instances of wonderful longevity among "clay-eaters," and it is well un derstood by such of the faculty as have studied the subject, that none ot the "sandhillers" ever suffer with indiges tion or dyspepsia, and I have never known one to die of consumption; in fact, foolish as it may seem, I am con strained to believe that this strange habit exempts the "clay-eaters" from many of the ailments to which the rest of the human family aie heir. Of course there is nothing very succulent or nutri tious about a slice of clay, but it cer tainly allays the gnawings of hunger. This is done by distending the walls of the stomach. It is not to be expected that a clay diet will take entirely the place of bread and meat, but it doea this to a certain extent. In my country practice, which occa sionally carries me out in the sandhills, (occasionally I say, for although the sandhillers are the sickliest lookiog, most cadaverous and woe be-gone beings in the world, they are the healthiest), I have good opportunities to study their habits. They can subsist on exceedingly limited quantities of meat; in fact, they get very little to eat, and that fat bacon, about thrice a week. They are not lazy, but decidedly shiftless. They are trou bled with few wants, however, and these are supplied easily. " Do they eat only one sort of elay ? " "As a general thing, yes," was the reply, "but sometimes their table is gar nished by a kind of yellowish marl, somewhat scarce, whicn they consume with a keen relish. It is said to taste sweet, and they use it as a dessert. They, however, draw the line at red clay. This not even their ironclad stomachs can digest. 'Don't you eat red clay t ' 1 asked a gawky old fellow. 'No, surree,' was his animated response; ' I have occasionally had a brick in my hat, but I'll be blamed cf I hanker after making my bowels a brickyard.'" A Carolina Doctor in Atlanta Constitution, How they make Slate Pencils. In the northwestern part of the town of Castleton, Kutland County, Vt., is the only manufactory in the United States of white slate pencils. The stone as it comes from the quarry is first sawed into blocks from four to seven inches wide, according to the length desired for the pencils. These are split quite easily with a chisel into slabs a little thicker than the finished pencils say 5-10 inch. These are passed through a planing machine and over an emery belt to make them flat, smooth, and of a uniform thickness of about 3-16 inch Next they are pushed into the jaws of a ' crocodile," which consists ot a pair of steel plates, in the under one of which are six rows of curved knives, each set so as to cut a little deeper than the one that went before it. These plough out parallel grooves half way through the slab, which a man then turns and lays upon a steel plate having ridges which just fit these grooves. This slides back under the six rows of teeth of a second "crocodile" lying in wait alongside, which cut the grooves on the other side, and leave tho pencils side by side. Lastly, they are broken, and rolled for an instant, to point them, upon an emery belt. A man can give this last touch to about 8,000 in a day. Tlie average duily output is 30,000 and the mill gives employment to some twenty-five hands. The old plan was to saw out square pencils from the slabs with a circular saw, one by one. These were boxed and distributed among poor families, who whittled them round by hand at from a quarter to half a dollar per thousand. The "crocodile" has spoiled this business.' The Placid Life of Chicago. "Found any more bombs around the house?" asked a Chicago man of his wife on returning home for dinner. "Yes, I swept a couple off the front steps and found one concealed in the basket of potatoes that the grocer brought. I threw it out in the street and it exploded and killed two potice men and a street car horse." "Good thing you discovered it; it might have hurt some of the children. Anything else particular?" "Nothing much. I found a lot of red flags and empty beer bottles and pieces of gas pipe filled with dynamite down cellar. The policeman on this beat took them away. He says it must have been used as an anarchists head quarters." "Probably. I heard some strange noises in the garret last night, and wouldn't be surprised if they had moved up there, too." "I'll go up and look, after dinner, then." "I wish you would, my dear. I must go this afternoon and attend the funerals jf Brown and Thompson, who were dy namited last night, 01 I would do it myself." Esldline (Dak.) Bell. A Cneslnut. "Yer Honor," said a visiter in the Mayor's office, "me name is Patrick Murphy, and I live in East Boston. The rain has come into me cellar an' mc chickens are drownin'." "Ah, indeed," said the polite Mayor. "The Fire Department will attend to your case." "Me name is Patrick Murphy, an' I live iu East Boston. The rain has come into me cellar, an' me chickens are drownin'," repeated Patrick to the Fire Department." "You should see the Street Commis sioners, Sir. Murphy," answered the Fire Department. Patrick repeated his case to the f- treet Commissioners, and afterward returned to the Mayor. "Yer Honor, me name is Patrick Mur phy, an' I live in East Boston." "Oh, yes." said his Honor.- "I re member vou perfectly. : Didnt I tell you to go to the Fire Department?" "1 did, yer Honor, an- men i went 10 the Street Commissioners." "What did they tell you?" asked the Mayor. , "why, they said: 'Why in the qick- ens don't you keep ducks?' " The edltorof the Oorslcaaa, Tex., Ofxerper, Mr. O. P. Miller, had a severe attack of rheu matism In hH left knee, which became o swollen aud painful that ho could not walk tip the stairs. Ho writes that after few applica tions of St. Jacobs Oil, the pain entirely disap peared, and the knee assumed its normal pro portions. Tim Rfcln nf Uridire riorti. the secon 1 hahy elephant born in this country, has been stutt'ed nnd placed in the museum at Tufts I WeKe. he bore in February, 188-', and died last April in the stable lie wn oqrn. Rummer coushsand cold generally eome to stay, but the use of Red Star Ooudh cure In vdkiably drives them away. Safe, prompt, sure. An Episcopal church in Minneapolis has since ttioopemiiK m i " words in boULlelh rs over me aoor: i nurcu open. Come in, Test and pray. u is nouceu that a good lany persons do go in every day. . . If yon have tumor, (or tumor symptoms) Cancer (or cancer 8'mptoms),Scrofula,Krysipe las, Salt-Khcum, Chronic weRknesses.Nervous ness or othor complaints Dr. Kilmer's iit that.k ltKMEOY will corrfv-t nnd cure. . ...!. .wwo. .n..ik. tl EH m l fl Gray or sandy beards are colored brown of black by Buckingham's dye for the whiskers. One bottle of Ayer's Aue Cure will eradi cate malarial poisons from the system. It is thn reformed mnn who does not care to refer to the rummy-nuisances of his past life. We Appeal to Experience. For a long time we steadily refused to pub. lish testimonials, believing that, in the opinion of the public generally, the great majority were manufactured to order by unprincipled parties as a means of disposing of their worth less preparations. That this view of the case is to a certain ex. tent true, there can be no doubt. At last, several years ago, we came to th conclusion that every intollig6nt person can readily discriminate between spurious and bona fide testimonials, and determined to use a.s advertisements a few of the many hun dreds of unsolicited certificates in our posses lion. In doing this, we published them as nearly at possible in the exact language uned by our cor resiondents, only changing the phraseology. In tome cases, so as to compress them into a mailer space than they would otherwise occupy, but without in the least exaggerating or destroying the meaning of the writers. We are glad to say that our final conclusion was a correct one that a letter recommend ing an article having true merit finds faro! with the people. The original of every testimonial published by us is on file in our ofliee. an inspection of which will prove to the mt nkeptieal that oui assertion made above, that only the facta are given as they appear therein, is true. But as it would be very inconvenient. If not Impossible, for all of our friends to call on us lor that purpose, we invite those who doubt (if there be such), to corresimnd with any of the parties whose names are sinned to our testi monials, and ask them if we have made any misstatements, so far as their knowledge ex tends, in this article. In other words, if w have not published their letters as nearly ver batim as possible. Very respectfully, E. T. HAZELTIN& Proprietor Piso's Cure for Consumption and Piso's itemed y for Catarrh. We append a recent letter, which came to ut entirely unsolicited, with permission to pub lish it; Daytow, Ohio, Jan. 13, lRSd. Yon may add my testimony as to the merit of Piao's Cure for Consumption. I took a severe cold last February, which settled on my lungs. They became ulcerated and were so painful that I had no rest for two days and nights. I got a bottle of Piso's Cure for Con sumption, and was relieved by tho time I had taken half of it. Since that timo I have k pt Piso's Cure in the house, and use it a a pre ventive, both for lung troubles and croup, for which I can recommend it as the best medi cine I ever used; and that is saying a great deal, for 1 have used at least twenty others, besides about as many physicians' prescriptions. Piso's Cure for Consumption has never failea to give relief in my family. A. J. ORUBB. :t7 Springfield St. Young ladies now furnish a brush-broom to dust the coats of the lovers wlieie they have laid their pretty powdered faces. Mensmax's PKPTosiZKn BKErTONio, the only preparation of beef containing its entire nutri. tiona properties. It contains blood-making force.generating and life-sustaining properties; invaluable tor indigestion, dyspepsia, nervous prostration, and all forms of general debility; also, in all enfeebled conditions, whether the result of exhaustion, nervous prostration, over work or acute disease, particularly if resulting from pulmonary complaints. Caswell, Hazard fi Co., Proprietors. Now York. Sold by druggista, TriB best cough medicine Is Piso's Care for Consumption, bold everywhere. Zbc An Editor's Testimonial. A. M. Vaughan, editor of the "Greenwich Renew," Greenwich. O., writes: "Last January I met with a very severe accident, caused by a runaway hone. I used almo .t every kind of alve to heal the wounds, which turned to running sores, but found nothtnir to dome any good till I was recommended Henry's Carbolic Salve. I bought a box, and It helped me at once, and at the end of two months I was com pletely well. It Is the best salve In the market, and 1 never fall of tclltntr my friends abui it, aud urge them to use it whenever In need." Fob Special Kates for "advertising in this papet apply to the publisher of tne paper. Ci I Think cf This Many people have neglected slight niantlttlon ot humor In the blood till the foul matter baa be come so powerful aa to caue terrible arrofulou sores, awful sufTerinir, and. finally, as the system be comes drained of all Its strength, death. Some have neglectad distress after eating, heart burn, occasional headaches, and other early symp toms of dyHp'p3la, till this painful disease has be come Incurable, and the victim barely s us t alas m miserable existence. Others neglect that tired feeling, pains to the back, weakness, languor, till general debility and kidney or liver disease becomes firmly fixed upon them and there Is no hope of recovery. Bo wise in time: Hood's Sarsaparilla will cure, when in tha power of medicine, scrofula, salt rheum, boils, pimples, dyspepsia, headache, bilious ness, catarrh, rheumatism, that tired feeling, and any disease or affection caused by I upure blood or low state of the system. Be sure to get "the peculiar medicine," Hood's Sarsaparilla Sold by all druggists, f 1 ; six for $3. Prepared only by C. L HOOD & CO., Apothecaries, Lowell. Mass. IOO Doses One Dollar how to u.c CATARRH CREAM BALM. Plane particle ot he Italia into each nostril and draw itrontr breat hs through thenose. It will be absorbed and betrin its work of claurtin and healintr the diseased mem bran e. It allnvs in flammation an 1 pre vents fresh colds. Not a IJquid Snull. or So poisonous druffs. HAY-FEVER wo. onenniveoaor. A particle Is applied lute 3;h n-trti snd is airres able to use. Price m cts. by mail or at dmnriats. bend for circular. LliBih. Drmnri-ts.Oweiro.N.l OR. KILMER'S Mull tlmt Cold. Couifh Ond Tfcklinir in the Throat. Arrcot that('utarrh,Hron- cnitist or Astimiu. mu Keniedy relieve quickly, i'urea pi'muuiontly. I prerenrs lvclin, It'urlit-ftwesj ana dent a rrom tK..MpUos t W Prepared at lR. kii-ukk's UlsPKNHART, l.intrhatnton, N. I, Lettainiof inquiry aiisered. Guvle to Health ( Sent Freti). aoia py inMirgii. npHHablt Cured. Treatment sent on trial. Ul lUlil lit-make KE.UKirCo.,LaKayette,Ind. $3 ELE"TRIC BELT for KIDNEYS, Pain, Nervous & weak. Book free. FLETCHER & CO., Cleveland.O. Pensions to SoMlers A Heirs. Send stamp ' r circulars. OU U HINiC .IAM, AU'y, Washington, I). O HO Mop to Cut On nurses manes Celebrated ' IiCI,HS K 11 A I, TK It mad HKlllljb toMDlaeilt canaoc te Hllpped by any fture. ?tainpi natter to any part or u. a. iree, o reoelptof$l. Sold by all Saitliary. Hardware ana Harness Lieaiers Special discount to tha Irad. Bend for Price -List. J. V. LIUIiTIIorSK, Ivoc d ea'.ert i KOOK A.ETS WASTKI) lor PLATFORM EGHGES r LI VIXJ TULTIIS rolf UE AO AND IIKAU f. By John B. Goitgh. Hi. ls.t snd erownins life ork, brim full of thrlllinr I"'; est, humor snd psllio.. Bricht. pure, sad good. lull et 'laughter snd trars. " it tetli at a.ght all. To it is added the Lite and Oealh of Mr. (ioiuh, it Key. I.VMAM Alt BOTT. 10OO Agents Wanted. -Meouud Homrn. fioil toa)liOOs month made. 0 J'""I,"C, 'r as wa live Ultra Trmt Sl.d rail ?'rriol.. Write lot eirrul.r. to A. U. WOKTIIl.TO .k CO.. Hartl'ord, Ca. JOJ3E3 PAYStheFREICHT & Ton Waiaon eicedrs, lrta Utrrs. BrL, Tars Bum sdS a SC30. rrrliescsls. For htm pr1sllS ortttn lhl ptr n ..tflrets JONES Of BlaOHaMTO", BINUHAMTON. Is. V. I'ACK, lIAMi, FEET, sal all llr lmpl-tlooi, lacliKlins reJ, lirakmnl, Sur.il.K. ll " Main, V.rU, MoO., FrMkln, B" "" I Bl."k lln. rV.n. rittl .nil th.lr trmnn at, 37 . rWmt. i!b't.T. v r. r.i'i.M isto. sensios. nrha. .-...iii .iiiMiuL iiu a j..issajara STHFiA GUKbU! m Si t m.l..f i., iha m,irt i-swrti Iniurpt OGiH ' j $1.00. of PrucsWi- rbTtnail. Hawi'lP iKr.h lor I rrtal eonmncfm in mvi i fal 6" Jt K INK'S K1TF1 i in-, u KM tlUlOlliaiH ailiUfM. riiim. ai- - "j -.. Blair's Pill 4alllM,l. Great English Gout ul Rheumatic HemtCJ. ft to S n 4ny. Samples worth $1.5) FREB Lines not und(r tbe uorstj's feet. Addre.a U9ftf watra'e Dtn Kki.v Hoi per, llolly.!l -li. THURSTON'S KTOOTHPOWBER HslaT Teeth feifect anal Uaram Ilealih, FIATCMTC Obtained. Send itamp foe J f I El IV I O Inventor's Guide. L. llisu- lis, raieut Lawyer, asuui.-ton. u. u. BKJIT IN THK WflltT.n tWQft the Genuine. Bold Everrwber Piso's "Remedy for Catarrh fa tho Best, Kasiettl to Uao, and C'liOupeat. Kvnni hm imi in me nean. Headache, Hay Fever, fec soceuia. MM taken tr.e le la the isles of that cuum 4 remediss, sni has v;ra almost uaiysissl ssiubm towa, WURPHY BROS Pans. Tea. Ohuwoa the taor of th. public snd now ranka ainoii the leading Mads vi in. o'inoni. A. l SMI I H. B'sdi.Td. Pa, True t uu. TUc Best 1 Wotppnrinnf coat. rA. ""SaVCSYOUa, LIFI. jkhsW BnypP AXLE M Mm la a is tn n e- a o ir Li rCnr Is E1 J M TO DATS. fkH " fatara. fej sirs.ni, kyth, ;.alvM Cisalcal Co. . Clnolnaatl.avVriLy ITksriawBEiHOSL'rciLBts warranted wat-rnrosr, and will ken yoa dry h the aardaat l.nn. 1h B.w POMMRL aidrHR la a rr.rt rMt.r eoat, ard pnw iwmauoaa. nans rtn.m. without tb. "Flak HiadiBini viwurn irea. a. J. l.w.r, ao.lo. Mass.