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v B Bennett ljulS9 Advertising Rates. nin. Wlxtm ra ttu. Mcolaiaa AS tc). ......... tiM M f krM-fonrth columi (1J InohM)....... m.m 6b.lf coluinm (U laekaa) M.N 0Btklr4 column S lnchfn) .... M M Oirt-foorta lu (M Inches) . n. 0-iebth coloma liu inches) ............ M One-eleventh column (J Inch) go.M Cnslxtenth coliran UH lacnee)..... b.ot One-twenty ixth column (1 Inch) ......... t (H Pne-thtrty-ninta eolnmn (V Inch) f'nt Oae-Aitj-eecend column 0lnca Lt Fractlraal Brta o year win be enured u M " 1-lotha . " f-lc; b " tithe itotos iitth vat iniTUqa, " ! . o lee than ci.00. Probe Indlommisir notice (S Insertions) jbrnttnos. fcti-ym,c. 3 insertion.) LM. li J fcoUoe U HMeriiooe) 18 ceute per line. THE LOST MINE. MYSTERIOUS DEPOSITS OF SIL VER I1T INDIANA KNOBS. The Rich Find of Captain Phelps, a Famous Hunter Guarded by a Silent Chief with a Drawn Bow. The name Indiana Knobs is applied to a range of hills that, rising from the Ohio River near New Albany, sweep in a wide semicircle through the counties of Floyd, Clark, Scott, and Jefferson, debouching upon the river at Madison, thirty-five miles from New Albany. These hills are not in a continuous range, bnt in clusters, like links of a broken chain. Of irregular outlines, thickly wooded and piled together in the greatest con fusion, they were, until the last decade, a wilderness who- e wildness could hardly - he-exeeeded. All the region inclosed in the sweep of these hills is rather low, and traversed by several beautiful streams, with lovely winding valleys, shut off by low hills froni neighboring valleys. The Knobs are the scene of many quaiut legends and traditions, some of which have come down from the Indian occupancy of the country. One of the earliest settlers in this pec tion was Nathan Phelps, a retired steam boat captain and pilot of the lower Mis sissippi. At the beginning of the pre sent century he established himself on the boundary line between the counties of Clark ami Washington, at the point where the Territorial road, from Louis ville to the settlements ou White River, crossed the range. Captain Phelps was a famous hunter, and spent much of his time ranging over the hills, which at that time abounded with lear, deer, and all the four-footed and feathered game common to the locality. He wasae:;ompaiiiedby a trapper friend named Brooks, and in one of tTfcir rambling expeditions they found m one of the wildest recesses of that wild region an excavation, and near it a rude furnace of stone, which, from the metallic dross, scattered atout, they supi)oseu to nave been used in the smelting of silver ore. Following the course of the excava tion thev dug out and ran off much of the precious metal, which, report says, was in the form of native silver: that is. almost pure. Phelps and Brooks estab lished a camp here, end gave them selves tip to the business of mining, going home occasionally for supplies. During one of Phelps' absences for this purpose oor Brooks was bitten by rattlesnake tliey were very numerous in the hill country and lie died alone in the solitary mountain camp. As . . . Phelps had no near neighbors upon whom he could call for assistance, or perhaps did not desire that any one should become acquainted with their treasure house, he dug the grave un aided, and laid his nnfortunat 3 compan - ion to rest under the spreailing pine that had sheltered him while dying. Just then occurred the Indian out break known ns the Pigeon Roost mas sacre, and Plielps fled with his family to the friendly shelter of the fort at Louisville. W hile beie waiting the ad justment o the Tndi.-tn otiesrion, wearied F ti ivilv or til." lunnolunj cf ! in the fort, he took charge of a vessel and made several trips to New Orleans. On one of these trips he was smitten with yellow fever and died there. Dur ing his last illness he drew from memory a chart of the locality of the mine, de siring that it should be given to his son when he grew to manhood. After the country was deemed secure from Indian outbreaks Mrs. Phelps returned to the farm, and some of the citizens called upon her and asked permission to see the chart, for some inkling of its exis tance had got abroad. She showed them the chart, but refused to allow it to be copied, and never again permitted it to be seen, saying she intended to be gov erned bv "her husband's wishes in the matter and save it for her son. In this chart, which, in view of the circum stances under which it was drawn, may not have b?en correct, the mine was lo cated four miles south of his house. which would bring it in the vicinity .f the Round Top, one of the loftiest hills of the chain and the most regular in out line. Acting upon that theory the neigh bors thoroughly explored the ravines in the ncighljorhood of the Round Top and made many excavations, but were never able to discover a spit I earing a resem blance to the locality described in the chart. Those who saw the chart were only permitted a hasty examination, but all agreed that the mine was situ ated in a ravine at whose month was the figure of an Indian with drawn bow, carved npon an ok, with the arrow pointed in the direction of their excava tion. When young Phelps grew to manhood he sought diligently for the mysterious mine, but without success. Again and again, at intervals of several years, he renewed the search, but all in va:n, and for fifty years he has not been heard of. The proliability of their being sil ver in the Knobs is strengthened by the circumstance that, during the BlackHawk war, some Indians who were encamped in the vicinity of Rocklsland, waiting the signing of the treaty that should remove them beyond the Mississippi, told some of the citizen soldiers from this section that there was silver in the Knobs. These Indians were not from this section, but were in communication with parties who had limited over the hills or made their summer homes there. The precise locality of the mine they did not state, or they were, perhaps, ignorant of it. There is much of wild beauty in these hills, and he who has rambled one day amid their glories has enjoyed a rare and not soon forgotten pleasnre. It is a re gion abounding in historic interest also. The old stone fort on the Ohio is one of the most remarkable defensive works ex tant of the mound builders. It lies at the mouth of Fonrteen Mile Creek, near the site of Ohio Falls, the ancient hamlet founded by the explorer, Clark. Silver Creek is a historic stream also, since it was along its banks the terrified settlers fled on that doleful August day in 1812, when the Indians fell upon the neigh boring hamlet of Pigeon Roost. Few of the pioneers are left, but the old stone fort still speaks eloquently of that mys terious vanished race, and the circling hills remain, mute witnesses of all they have looked upon. A Fatality Pursues Imported Horses. HI fortune seems to follow the noted racehorses bought in England for ship ment to the United States. Prince Charlie, who was purchased by an American only six or seven years ago, died soon after his arrival here, and his owners at once secured Lord Falmouth's Derby winner Kingcraft to take his place. Kingcraft died on the voyage; and it is a singular coincidence that Blue Gown, winner of the Derby two years before him, also died at sea. Stranger still, the same fate has befallen Ossory, brother of the mighty Ormonde, who cost Milton Young over $10,000 a few weeks ago. Ossory could not have been shipped at a worse season, yet Mr. Young did not think it necessary to in sure his life. Though not a Derby win ner, Ossory was a horse of high class, his breeding being as fashionable as that of any animal in England. There are at the present time two Derby winners in the United States the American bied Iroquois and the imported St. Blaise. Yew foric rrmtu. VOL. XVII. NO. NAVAL RED TAPE. The Rigid Rules that Exist on a Man-of-War. The story of naval red tape would fill a volume, and a very amusing volume it would be to the civilian. Hoary customs that have long outlived their usefulness are continued, apparently for no better reason than that they were once neces sary. Trifles are magnified into things of moment, and there are a hundred petty regulations that, disobeyed, may bring down a reprimand or a court-martial. The rules of procedure are cast iron, and no European court is more jealous of etiquette than is the American Navy. The commander of a man-of-war no longer has power of life and death over his subordinates, though it is less than ft generation since the son of a Cabinet officer was hanged to the yard arm after a drum-head courtniartiaL The captain is still a tremendous person age. He lives alone in quarters that are commodious and sumptuous, compared with those of his subordinate officers. He is surrounded by ceremonious obser vances. He has a boat's crew at his back to carry him where he will, whether on public or private business. His quarter deck is a sacred pre;inet, so that no officer save those on duty there dares to loiter upon its surface. His represen tative, the officer of the deck, though he be a mere ensign, receives the salute of every seaman and officer in thr ship. It has not been guessed what would happen should any one smoke on the quarter deck, and so much is the spot held in awe that an officer passing touches his hat even though neither the captain nor the officer of the deck is in sight. One of the oddest examples of for malities and red tape is given at quar ters on the first Sunday of the month, when the muster takes place. Every one comes to quarters that morning in full dress. When silence has been com manded, the first lientenant informs the" captain, through the orderly, that the officers and crew are ready to mus ter. The captain then comes on deck and bids the first lieutenant read the articles of war. Thereupon the first lieutenant reads in his loudest voice the said articles with their dreadful fulmi nations against drunkenness, rambling, I)rofane swearing, treason, and other ike crimes. He also reads such general orders ns may have come from the Navy Department. The reading finished, he reports to the captain that the orders have been published. At this the cap tain says to the first lieutenant: "Then go on with the muster." The first lieu tenant says in turn to the officer of the deck: "Go on with the muster." The officer of the deck says to the paymaster: "Go on with the muster." The pay master fays to his clerk: "Go on with the muster," and the clerk goes on with the muster, which is merely a roll call of the ship's oilieers and crew. When the clerk has finished his task, he reports the result to the paymaster; the pay master repeats the clerk's message to the officer of the deck, the officer of the deck repeats it to the first lieutenant, and the first lieutenant rejieats it to the captain. The captain then says to the first lieutenant: "Pipe down." This ri Iit traverses til mre of the othen. and finally reaches the boatswain. He pipes down, which means that the "fuuetion" is ended. Ncio York Star. Pure Air and Good Health. To ventilate a room it is not necessary to make it cold, even in winter. A sup ply of fresh outside air may be kept up in the room without materially lowering the temperature. We have only to take advantage of a certain property of air when it is heated it expands and rises, while cooler air takes its place. If we make openings in the room in or near the ceiling, the foul air will rise and pass out, while the pure outside air will enter and sink to take its place. Because the current produced is a very gentle vertical one, it will take little heat from our bodies, especially as the outside ail becomes heated somewhat m its slow de scent. Openings under doors and win dows, or under lae-loards, chill us, be cause the air they admit comes in as a cold, rapid, horizontal current, striking us directly: and air fo admitted does not so well ventilate the room as air ad mitted from above. If no other provis ion for ventilation has been made, the windows can be let down a little from the top. A very narrow opening will suffice. Close the lower part of the room as tightly as may be, but have entrances and exits for the air nlove while the rooms are occupied. To sleep in an un ventilated room is still more hurtful. II the windows are let down from the tof there will be no danger of catching cold, It is currents striking directly which produce colds in the head, or throat, 01 chest. And it is sleeping or sitting in close, nnventilated rooms which maket one susceptible to colds. American Ag ricvlturitt. Uncle Sam's Store of Saltpeter. Two of the five powder magazines re- eently erected by the Government at the Pickatinny powder depot neai Dover, N. J., are now being filled with refined and crude sal t peter and with brim stone. The saltpeteris in eases and barrels weighing from 200 to 500 pounds each, and the brimstone has leeu melted into oblong cases, each holding exactly 20C pounds. About 3,500,000 pounds ol saltpeter have been received and stored in two of the magazines, and 600,000 pounds of brimstone are at hand. Some of the packages of saltpeter bear evi dence of having leen inspected in 1832 by Government officers. "The material was sent from the Water vliet Arsenal, near West Troy, N. Y., where it has been stored for many years in anticipation of a scarcity in case of war. It is now being removed to make room for the erection of the gun foundry, which is to le established nt the Water vliet Arsenal. The possibility of it evei being used by the Government in the manufacture of powder is remote, and, continues the Schenectady (N. Y.) Star, the depreciation in value and loss of in terest upon the money lying idle in the saltpeter alone is very great. Tin United States Ordnance Department if supplied with powder by the Duponl Powder Company of Wilmington. An average of 10,000,000 pounds of salt peter is imported into this country everj year and little or none is exported. A Gigantic Employment Agency. The employment agencies of New York are required to be licensed, but this is the only attention or regulation of a public nature to which they art subjected. The experience of Paris might be profitably studied here. That city has begun the erection of a building to cost 8600,000, whose first floor will 1 used as an employment agency, con ducted by the city, with a register open to all applicants; the top floor is a hal! seating 2,000 people, for the use of laloi meetings, and the floor lietween holdt the offices of the Paris Federation o) Labor and of every union in the city The city heats and lights the building, pays its expenses, and appropriate! $4,000 a year to pay the office expensei of the Federation. All this, in the end, comes out of lalor, and iu France work men are illy paid. There are some feat ures of the scheme, however, that an oommendable,--iVrfW Jork Graphic. NEW 3. THE LION KING; INTERESTING REMINISCENCES OF DRIESBACH, THE ANIMAL TRAINER. How the Famous Conqueror of Lions Secumbed to a Demure Country Lass His Adventure with Edwin Forest, the Actor. A paragraph is going the rounds of the press to the effect that the marriage of Herr Diiesb-ach, the famous lion tamer, with a country maiden was brought about by thej'oung lady daring to hand the lion king a dish of onions at a hotel table. The paragraph, accord ing to the Chicago Inter-Ocean, is er roneous in the main, although the odor iferous vegetable mentioned played a prominent part in the aff air that termi nated m the matrimonial event that made Herr Driesbach a benedict. The marriage took place in the country, and was rather romantic iu its way. The famous lion-tamer breathed his last not a dozen miles from the marriage altar at which he became a husband, and his remains were laid at rest in a cemetery just beyond the southern suburb of this city, many residents of whom remember the grizzled old lion king, who, as late as a half score years or so ago came to town in a veritable "one-hoss shay, drawn by a spotted horse. Mi's. Driesbach, the lion tamer's widow, a matronly, dignified lady, who nearly two score years ogo was Miss Sarah Walters, a comly country school- ma'am, who taught a district school at Mt. Eaton, at the southeast comer of the county, is at present the guest of relatives here, and tells many interest ing anecdotes that occurred during the life of her famous husband. She recent ly related the romance of her marriago to the lion king. Une August day m 1850, Driesbach, with his circus, was traveling over the old Wooster and Wheeling stage route, which passes through JUt. .baton. 1 hat little ham let was reached at a meal hour, and the tavern there became the place of enter tainment for Driesbach and his com pany. Airs. Driesbach, then Miss Walters, was a boarder at the hostlery and assist ed in preparing the meal. Her meeting with the lion tamer is given in her own words: "We had taken sccial pains to get up a nice meal, and I went into the dining-room to wait on the tables. Like every other country girl, I was on the lookout for Driesbach of whom I Jmd heard as the lion tamer. He came in and took a seat at the table near where I stood. Another gentleman, whom I afterward learned was Gus Hunt, an old showman known as Uncle Gus, who had been with Driesbach for many years, sat at the side of Driesbach and remarked to him: 'Well, Driesbach, how docs this meal suit you if Alxiut every thing here, ain't there?' Driesbach surveyed the table and replied: 'Yes, alxiut even-thing but an onion.' I heard him mention onion and I stepped up and inquired if he desired on v. He told me lie would take one if fresh. I ran out into the garden and lmstily scoured two nice onions, wliiflt X tolc to Ju'in. ' The man Hunt then said to him hi a sort of undertone, which I overheard. 'Old fellow, I guess you struck your match that time.' Driesbach looked up J. I 'I . I "I , . . at me ami siimcu aim sani, i'ernaps. That was all that was said then, but that evening I spoke to him, casually passing the compliments of the day. A few days after he- had left I received a letter from him asking me to correspond. I answered the letter, ami from that on we corresponded. Tom Eckcrt, who is now general manager of the Western Union Te'cgraph Company, was Task master at Wooster at that lime, and used to tease me altout, writing to the lion tamer. But I fooled Mr. Eckert. Driesbach would send me the route of his show and I would enclose niy letter in an envelope addressed to the jiost master of the town where the show would stop. It is told that a few months after I met Driesbach we were married. Such was not the asc. We were mar ried in April, 185-4, four years after we first met." Among the anecdotes related in Dries batch's unpublished biography is onede scribing how he frightened Edwin For rest, the actor, and his iwrsonal friend. Forrest was playing at the old Bowery in New York, and the enfei tainments would close with an exhibition of lions by Driesbach. Forrest was one day saying that he had never known fear, and had never experienced any emotion of fright. Driesbach made no remark at the time, but in the evening, after the curtains had fallen, lie invited Forrest home with him. Forrest assented, and the two, entering a house, walked a long distance through many dark pas sages, and finally Dricslmcli said, after ojH'niug the door: "This way, Mr. For rest. " The actor followed, and heard a door locked behind him, and at the same time lie felt something soft rubbing against his leg. Putting out his hands he touched what felt like a cat's back. A low, rasping growl greeted his cars, and lie saw two fiery eyeballs glaring up at him. "Ai'e you afraid, Mr. Forrest asked Diiesbncii. "Not a bit," replied Forrest. Driosbaeh said something, and the growl dccjwned and became hoaif er; the back liegnii to ari-h and the eyes to shine more fiercely. Forrest held out for several minutes, but the syuitoms lc(anie so terrifying that he owned up that he was -afraid. He be seeched Driesbach to let him out, ns he dared not move a finger w hile a lion kept rubbing against his leg. After Forrest acknowledged that ho knew what fear was and agreed to stand a champagne supper, Drieslmeh released him. One incident Driesbach took delight in recounting was the time he was in England, when Queen Victoria sjHike to him, praising his mastery over lions lie had exhibited liefore lier Majesty, although she did not know she was ad dressing Driesbach. The lion tamer laughingly referred to this as his joke on Queen Victoria whenever he related incidents of his career to friends. The Students Got Even. It is told in Boston that a party of Harvard sfudents, anxious to get even with the Boston police for some un doubtedly good reason, bought a bar lter's pole, got a receipt, and started through the streets, learing their prop erty. Of course they were soon stopjwd by a policeman. "Hello, there, what yer doin 'itli that pole?" "That's our business." "Oh, is it? Well, you come along 'ith me." So ho marched them to the police station. "What's the trouble, officer?" asked the sergeant. "Stealin' a barber's pole. " Then the polieemon gave a detailed account of the crime and the arrest of the criminals, who were alKmt to be sent to their dungeon cellc. when one of them handed the sergeant the receipt. "Officer, you may return to your beat," said the sergeant, and the students filed out, learing the pole proudly. Two blocks away another policeman stopjied them. Then followed the same dialogue, another arrest, and the fame scene at the station. And so it went on until the young men had lieen arrested six times. They might have lecn arrested twelve times had not a general notice lxt'ii sent out to the police not to molest the party of young men parading about Boston beiiying a bavbur'a pole, MORRISVILLE AND HYDE PARK, VERMONT, ERICSSON S MONITOR. The Government Came Near Getting the Little Vessel. Not Mr. C. S. Buslinell, of New Haven, an old friend of John Ericsson, has been interviewed about him by the New Haven I'aWtdivm. Here is port of what h said: "Mr. Ericsson, soon after onr ac quaintance, let me take the Monitor plans. He had vowed that he would never go to Washington with the plan because the Government owed him 12, 000 for his engineering work in con structing the propeller Princeton, the first propeller ever bnilt, but would not pay it. I took the plans to Mr. Welles, Secretary of the Navy, and also to Mr. Seward, Secretary of State. Mr. Sew ard gave me a note to President Lincoln and on the following day I called on the President. He said lie did not know much nliont vessels, rave flat lxats, but he agreed to meet me the next day with the board of Naval Commissioners. Well, at this meeting President Lincoln heard a great deal of adverse criticism on the part of the naval officers, but he said that the idea reminded him of the expression of the girl, who, when she put her foot in her stocking, said: "There's something iu it." Then I re quested the board to make a favorable report that there might lie a vessel con structed from the plans. Two were in favor and one was opposed, and I could not persuade him to consent. I was rather discouraged, and I saw but one way to secure adoption of the plan, and that was to bring Ericsson Itefore the Board. I left Washington for New York that night. I saw Ericsson the next morning, and, by the way, I was admit ted by a servant girl, Ann, who has been in Mr. Ericsson's servi from that time to the present. I succeeded in persuad ing him to break his vow, and return to Washington, telling him that all that I believed was in the way of the accept ance of the plau was the fact that one of the members of the Board did not think that he understood the idea well enough to give it his approbation. So Mr. Ericsson returned with me, and under the influence of the man's enthu siasm and eloquence, the board became convinced of the feasibility of the project and gave it hearty approval. Thus ap proved the plan was carried out and the Monitor was built. I have liccn associ ated for the past year with Mr. Ericsson in the construction of the Destroyer, and he has left his plans for the vessel in such perfect shaiKi that his subordin ates can go right on with the w ork and complete w hat is t- be an absolutely im pregnable vessel, capable of destroying any or all of the vessels of the world, monitors included, and which will un doubtedly be accepted by the Govern ment as the style of vessel for the entire coast. Mr. Ericsson was certainly a most wonderful man. The Dictator was composed of 3,000 different parts, all the creation of a man's brain, and his de signs for the vessel scut to the draughts men at Delamnter's,wcre so very explicit that not a plan or a plate had to bo changed in the slightest." Mr. Bushucll is one of the executors of Mr. Ericsson's will. An Odd Will. "WV,,tio i Omlerdoiik. brother of Bishop Oudcrdouk, of - IVnuavlvama, and Bishop Oudcrdouk, of New York, left a will which is unparalleled as to the peculiarity of its provisions. He lived and died in Queens county, N. 1'., and left an estate worth Imtwecn two and three millions. His will was ad mitted to probate, and has recently been brought lx'fore the General Term for construction. The clause in dispute reads as follows: "Parental faithfulness requires and long experience enables me to point my descendants to those defects which bring disrepute, disaster and poverty. I order and direct that if at the com mencement or luring the existence of any trust herein created any male de scendant who but for this section would receive some share of niy estate is or be comes an idler, sluggard, spendthrift, profligate, drunkard, gambler or fast man; or habitually omits rising, breok fasting and lwing ready for business by nine o'clock each morning, except Sun days; or omits pursuing some reputable business while over twenty-one and undei fifty years ol age; or engages in hunting, fishing, or unseemly sports on Sunday; or if any descendant uses spirituous or fermented liquor or tobac co immoderately; or repeatedly visits horse races, gambling saloons, lottery or policy shops, billiard saloons or any disorderly or disreputable or questiona ble houses or resorts; or associates with idlers, gamblers, horse jockeys or fast persons, or shall marry before reaching twenty-five years of ago without con sent of parents or my executors; or shall impute anything which shall tend to bring ony one of nijT blood except my inhuman son John into contempt, or shall contest the probate of my will, then in either case such person shall forfeit his interest in my estate." The executors are made the sole judges of character, and the beneficia ries must come up to their standard. yew York Jt ri.il. Big Brutes at Play. Two elephants in Philadelphia, Jim and Jennie, after they had finished their afternoon bath, were always given blad ders to burst. The bladders were put around their bathing pond on the stone coping, and they walked around smash ing each one. I never saw elephants have a better time. First Jim would come along, raise his ponderous forefoot, and bring it down thwack on the bladder. As it hurst with a loud report loth he and Jennie would raise their trunks and snort, with delight. Then Jennie would go through the same perfor mance. One afternoon I saw them having this sort, of a "bully" time. When only one bladder was left, Jim left it for Jennie. The shadow was cast so that the coping really seemed to spread into the water, and the bladder had slipped over on to the water, although it seemed to rest ou the stone. Jenny came plunging along with lots of brag in her whole bearing. She looked around to see that she had the attention, then she laised her great big foot and brought it down plump into the water. The force was so great that she toppled and went over head and heels and the bladder sailed off unhurt. Then there was the greatest commotion ; Jim ran around to the sloping entrance tothejHind, plunged in, righted Jennie, on d rubbed her all over with his trunk, solicitous to see that she had no bruise. They s'ayed under water for some time and haven't smashed bladders since. Keie York Tribune. Artificial Lungs for the Drowning. Professor Poe, of Bridgejxirt, Conn., has invented an artificial pair of lungs which he uses in restoring life in cases of drowning and asphyxiation. He is exjx'rimenting on a pet rabbit, and has already drowned it and restored it to life eleven times. The rabbit has also been suffocated by the fumes of burning charcoal until all signs of life were ex tinct. The Professor then attached his patent bellows to the animal's mouth and forced oxygen into the lungs. The returning suction drew out the deadly fase, lvl,d the avtifi i:al respiration pro duced a muscular contraction and ex pansion of the lungs until life was re stored. Professor I'oe claims that his invention will save human beings ns well as rabbi Is, -citato ConHitHtivn, AMD DEATH GULCH. A DEADLY GAS SPRING IN YEL LOWSTONE PARK. Remains of Animals Found That Had Been Asphyxiated by the Ir respirable Vapors in the Fatal Ravine. The familiar fable of the upas tree, living in a valley of death ; wherein ali life was killed by its deadly exhalations and the ground was strewn with the bones of its victims, has been proven, like many a traveler's tale, to be a high ly colored and exaggerated account of a natural phenomenon. The upas tree is now well known to hay poisonous sap, but not poisonous apors.-- But the storv survives in the accounts given of the Dath Valley of Java, which it was long believed n(f travir eoK'd cross, "w herein every living being which pen etrated the valley falls down dead, and the soil is covered with the vcarcus-ses of tigers, deer, birds, and even'ythc bones of men, all killed by the abundant ex halations of carbonic-acid gas, vith which the bottom of the valley is filled." Such is the description given by Lyell, of this famous valley; while another lo cality is described as a place where 'the sulphurous exhalations have killed tigers, birds and innumerable insects, and the soft parts of these animals are perfectly preserved, while the bones are ercxled and entirely destroyed. The re searches of Junghuhn have shown that these accounts are much exaggerated, the "Valley of Death" being a funnel shaped depression but 100 feet in diam eter instead of a valley half a mile across. In the bottom of this depression there is a hole fifteen feet in diameter, from whic'i gaseous emanations are i given out, which at times accumulate w a depth sufficient to envelop and suffo cate animals on the bottom of the hol low. Repeated visits by Junghuhn, ex tending over a period of twelve years, showed that the nmount of gas varied greatly from time to time, but rarely ever rose over two to six inches alove the bottom. At the time of his earlier visit he found the Ixxly of a Javanese native in the depression, but experi enced no difficulty or oppression while there himself. This same body was still undecomposed, owing to the preserv ative effect of the layer of gas, when he repeated his visit eighteen months later. The only other remains seen during his subsequent visits were the carcasses of six swine, which were decomposed and putrid. At this time the absence of the gas was shown by the presence of a crow feeding upon the dead bodies. , Though thus shorn of much of its former glory, the Pakamman, or poison hole, is the largest and most dangerous of the gas springs of mofettes of Java, and indeed of the world, and really de serves the title of a natural death trap. Though such emanations are common in all volcanic regions, this has been the only place known where the gases have accumulated and caused the death of the larger animals. In the Yellowstone National Park, now so well known as tin- wonderland of America, there is n plaee equalling this famous d- at'i valiey, and where the gaseons exhalation iulvw proved fatal to numerous bear, elk ami muiiy smaller animals. This place, to winch the appropriate name of "Death -Gulch" is given, was discovered bv the writer during the past summer (1888) while making a geologi cal examination of the region for Mr. Arnold Hague, the geologist in charge of the survey of the park. It is situated in the extreme northeastern portion of this reservation, a short distance south of the mail route, which, leaving Lamar river, follows up Soda Butte creek to the mining camp of Cook City. In this region the lavas which fill the ancient basin of the park rest upon the flanks of mountains formed of fragmentary vol canic ejecta, and tertiary andesitic brec cias, which rest in turn upon nearly horizontal paleozoic strata; while the hydrothermal forces, which are repre sented by the geysers and hot springs of the central portion of the park, where the lava sheet is thicker, show but feeble manifestations of their energy in the al most extinct hot-spring areas of Soda creek, Lamar river, Cache creek and Miller creek. Although hot water no longer flows from the vents of these areas, the deposits of travertine, sinter and decomposed rock attest the former presence of thermal springs,,,. Gaseous emanations are not given off, however, in considerable volume, producing ex tensive alteration in the adjacent rocks, and giviug rise to sulphurous deposits. It is at one of these places that the fatal ravine is found. Situated on Cache creek, but two milels a)ove its confluence with Lamar river, it is easily reached by a horseback rido of some miles from the mail station of Soda Butte. The region is, however, rarely visited; for hunting is forbiddt n in the park, while the place has not been known to present any attraction for the few visitors who pass near it on their way to the well-known Fossil forests and the weird scenery of the Hindoo basin. The gulch ends, or rather begins, in a "scoop " or basin about 250 feet above Cache creek; and jnst below this we found the fresh body of a large bear, a silver-tip grizzly with the remains of a companion in an advanced state of de composition above him. Near by were the skeletons of four more lears, with the bones of an elk a yard or two above, while in the bottom of the pocket were the fresh remains of several squirrels, rock hares and other small animals, be sides numerous dead butterflies and in sects. The body of the grizzlv was carefully examined for bullet holes or other marks of injuiy, but showed no traces of violence, the only indication being a few drops of blood under "the nose. It was evident that ho had met his death but a short time before, as the carcass was still perfectly fresh, though offensive enough at the time of a later visit. The remains of a cinnamon bear just above and alongside of this were in an advanced state of decomposition, while the other skeletons were almost denuded of flesh, though the claw s and much of the hair remained. It was ap parent that these animals, as well as the squirrels and insects, had not met their death by violence, but had been asphyx iated by the irrespirable gas given oft' in the gulch. The hollows were tested for carlionio acid gas with lighted tapers without proving its presence; but the strong smell of sulphur and a choking sensation of the lungs indicated the presence of noxious gases, while the strong wind prevailing at the time, together with the open nature of the ravine, must have caused a rapid diffusion of the vapors. This place differs, therefore, material ly from the famous Death Valley of Java and similar places in being simply a V-shaped trench, not over 75 feet deep, out in the mountain slope, and not a hollow or cave. That the gas at times accumulates in the jiocket at the head of the gulch is, however, proven by the dead squirrels, etc., found on its bottom. Science. J. T. FiiETCHEB, of Jenkins Bridge, Va., was in his grave and men were bricking it up, when they heard a groan. They opened the coffin and found Fletcher's heart beating. He was taken home, but died two days afterward tvitlioot regaining consciousness. CITIZEN THURSDAY, MARCH 28, 1889. A WHITE CASTAWAY. His Terrible Experience in the Wilds of Africa. Africa contains over eight million miles in area, and has over twenty mil lion inhabitants. In such a vast and almost unknown country thrilling ad ventures are of every-day occurrence, and the traveler, hunter and explorer is subject to perils peculiar to Africa alone. Of such was the experience of Mr. Deane, one of the agents of the Congo Free State. He was in command of Stanley Falls Station when it was at tacked by the Arabs. Deaue, with his comrade ' Dubois and four Haussa sol diers, fled from the station, and it was not long before Dubois fell into the liver and to drowned. Deane and his soldiers pushed on all night in a drench ing rain, and only stopied at daylight for a short rest. While Deane's clothes were hanging on the bushesodry, a shout in the rear told them that they were discovered and that the Arabs were in hot pursuit. Deane had just time to throw his clothes over his arm and start at full speed through the bush, followed by his attendants. It was nearly noon before they succeeded in distancing their piu-sucrs, and by that time it was a most woe-begone band of fugitives. In the race for life every Hans sa had lost his gun, and not a weapon of any sort was left in the party. One by one Deane had dropped his garments, and he had nothing left except a small military cape, which lie threw over his shoulders. In the midst of an African jungle he had not the slightest protec tion for his bleeding feet, and even if he had saved his b jots ho would not have dared to put them on, for the tracks would have revealed to any prowling Arab or hostile native that a white man was in the neighborhood. A cannibal tribe, with whom Deane himself had had a serious fight, liued the liver below, and he dared not appeal to them for succor. He was about three hundred miles from the nearest white station of Bangala. All that could bo done was to struggle down the river, through tho dense brush and forests, several miles inland, avoiding all the tribes except one or two that were known to be friend ly, and living on whatever they coidd pick up that would afford nutriment. For four weeks this white castaway wandered through the country, living on wild grapes, fried ants and caterpil lars, and sleeping at night on tho bare earth, with no covering but dried leaves. At last they came to the. Bakuina tribe, and shortly afterward were rescued by Crptain Coquihart, who had been sent iu search of Deane. It was an experi ence that not one white man in a thousand could have lived to relate. Two Brothers Wed Two Sisters. Old Liederkranz Hall, on East Fourth street, was thronged with Magyar friends of the Kleins and Poppers on Sunday afternoon to witness the nuptial ceremonies which should bind Herman Klein to Fanny Popper and Gcza Klein to Charlotte Popper. It is not often that brothers take two sisters for better or for worse at the same, time, and it is seldom that two brothers are found to look 6o much alike lis the two Kleins, or two sisters who so closely resemble each other as the Poppers. Tho grooms are blonde, closely shaveu, and the brides are handsome black-eyed and plump brunettes. The ceremonies were an nounced for three o'clock, but it was nearly five before the liev. Mr. Kohn feld, of Kaschau, Hungary, turned his face to the east and chanted tho "Min cha" (afternoon) service. After this the Huppa (nuptial canopy), of red silk bordered with orange-satin was raised upon four small poles held by four sin gle men wearing their hats. Beneath the centre of this Herman Klein took his place, facing to the east and vis-avis to the officiating rabbi. Ho was flanked by Hen- Wohlberger, Wolf, Greenberg and Bernard and Leopold Klein as his best men. An orchestra then struck up the Kakozcy march, and the bridal procession entered the hall led by the bride, supported by Amelia and Lena Klein and Misses Wohlberg and Greenberg. The brides were clad alike in old-gold silk en traine, sur mounted by long veils and orange blos soms, while their impending spouses wore black Prince Alberts. Only one pair w ere mated then, as it is an old tal mudical law that two brothers cannot be wedded to two sisters on the same day. The Hebrew day, however, according to tho narrative of the Creation in the Bible, has no night, as it says, "And the evening and the morning were the first day," so Herman and Fanny were united "just before sundown, and two hours later, after the next Biblical day began, Charlotte and Gcza were made man and wife. All tho principals were compelled to fast until after the cere mony, and the brides were kept scrupu lously separated from their grooms the entire day, neither being permitted to see the other's face until the ring had been placed upon the bride's finger. The rabbi had previously recited the mar riage contract in Hebrew, which had been signed in that language by the contracting parties. Benediction wine was then drunk by the newly married couple, a glass was broken to indicate that separation is as impossible as a re union of the broken fragments, and the bride and groom were declared man and wife amid a hurricane of "mozzel tauvs" (good luck). A great deal of wholesale indiscriminate kissing among the guests followed, aud all the pro ceedings were duplicated two hours later at the nuptials of Charlotte and Geza. JVew York Mercury. Dynamite's Terrible Possibilities. The terrible possibilities of dynamite warfare at longrange were shown by the test of the fifteen inch pneumatic gun at Fort Lafayette, N. J. A target area 50 by 150 feet was marked off on the surface of the bay at a distance of 2,138 yards by buoys. Eight shells, each carrying 175 to 201 pounds of dynamite andnitro-geliitine, were thrown. Half of them struck within the target area, throwing up columns of water 200 to 300 feet high by their explosions. Six of the eight shots were effective within the area of the largest war ships, and the poorest shots struck so near that they would have demoralized the crow of a vessel. The test proved that the time primer could be cut so as to regulate the depth under water at which the shells explod ed. The last shot w ith a long primer sank to tho bottom of tho bay before exploding and sent up a groat cloud of mud and water to a height of 150 feet above the surface. The shells were driven from the gun by an air pressure of 600 pounds to the square inch, and made the flight in twelve to fourteen seconds. Shells containing 500 to 600 pounds of dynamite are in preparation, and a test will bo made with them shortly. The fifteen inch gun is de signed for the new cruiser Vesuvius and for coast defenses. The Secretary of War has awarded to the rneumatic Dy namite Gun Company a contract for seven of these fifteen-inch guns, three for Sandy Hook, two for Fort Schuhler, and two for Fort Warren, Mass. These guns will deliver at a distance of a mile shells containing 500 pounds of dyna mite, the explosion of which will knock down a crew and probably sjnk an iron olad. AtUt)tt C(jntitution, A WAR ROMANCE. ONE OF THE STRANGE THINGS STRIFE MAKES POSSIBLE. Supposed to be Dead, Holden Lin gered in a Northern Prison Until the Close of the War. Nelson Holden, of Troupe County, Ga., joined one of the first regiments from that State when the war broke out. He left behind a young wife, having lieen married only a few months. Holden was a good soldier, and only once during the war did he obtain a f uiioiigh and visit his wife. He was at home for a short time iu the summer of 1863, and soon after he returned to the war he was taken prisoner. Before Hol den had an opportunity of writing to his wife after his capture he wos taken ill with - -low piaWial fever. When captured Holden had become separated from his company, and his comrades thought lie had been killed in the battle. Mrs. Holden's first no tice of the supposed death of her husband was can tamed in some res olutions passed by his company, a copy of which vas forwarded to the family. Without making any investi gation, Mrs. Holden mourned her hus band as dead, while he .was lingering between life and death in a Northern prison. It was many months before he fully recovered from the effects of the terrible fever. Holden Avas not released until after the close of the war, and, weak from his illness aud penniless, he started to make his way to the little home in Georgia. He was compelled to eeek employment several times to earn money to continue his journey, and it was late in the autumn of 1865 when Holden came in sight of the little home. He was a wreck of his former self, and fully realized that it would be difficult for his own wife to recognize him. Arriving at the home he had left more than two years before, Holden found it occupied by strangers. Without dis closing his identity, he asked where Mrs. Holden was. "Oh, she married Chris. Jones and moved away last spring," was the answer he received. Holden was prostratred by the shock of this startling intelligence, but, with out giving liis name, he turned and walked slowly away from the little home where the happiest hours of his life hod been passed. He made no effort to find his wife, but continued his journey to Clay county, Alabama. Holden worked a while as a farm laborer, and finally saved enough money to purchase a small farm of his own. In time the old love was forgotten and he married again. Holden prospered and after a few years owned one of the best farms in the county. Several children were born and it was not long until his first marriage seemed like a dream. About four years ago Mrs. Holden No. 2 died, leaving five children. About a year after the death of his wife Mr. Holden sold a portion of his farm to a man named Jones, from Geor gia. Mr. Jones bnilt a house and moved his family to Alabama. Soon the two farmers became good triends, but Mr. Holden had never been to the house ol his neighbor, and had never seen his wife. Less than a year ogo Mr. Jones died. His neighbor, Mr. Holden, of course, attended the funeral and caused no lit tle excitement by going off in a dead faint when introduced to the weeping widow of the dead man. That was not the time or place for explanations, and the next day after the funeral Mr. Hol den called on his former wife, and this time the recognition was mutual. Mrs. Jones' period of momning will expire in a few days, and then she will be quietly married again to the hus band of her youth. She has three chil dren living and Mr. Holden has five. Only a few of their most intimate friends know the secret of their former marriage. Globe Democrat. The Loca Weed. The discussion as to whether the "her ba loca" will, if eaten by. stock, produce insanity, is becoming general. James Kennedy, Ph. G., of the Texas Pharma ceutical Society, has made analyses, and he declares that the only ill effect that could follow its consumption would be the usual effect of over-euting. Dr. L. M. Booth, of Stanislaus county, a physician of thirty yeaiV practice, and who is a pioneer stockman, says rattle-weed is not poisonous. He thinks that insanity in horses is caused by the swallowing of sand and dirt which clings to the roots of grasses and herbs that the animals feed npon. His testimony is corroborat ed by that of S. Gates, of San Louis Obispo county, whose letter we print lie low: "I have noticed in a number of papers lately remarks and opinions about the plant "herba loca" (or rattlewoed), and in your valuable paper of the 4th inst. the statement is made that stockmen are unanimous in their belief in its injurious quality. I wish to be put down as one who does not believe ' in the loca-weed theory. I am in the stock business, and live between the Cox & Clark ranch on the west and the Cholame of 40,000 acres on the east all run to stock. There are fully 50,000 head of cattle, horse and sheep kept in this neighborhood and I have no knowledge of one loca animal so-called and there is an abundance of rattleweed all over this country. Last year was a very poor grass year and everj'thing in the way of vegetation was eaten rattle w eed and all without any bad effects. It is my opinion that stock haying to use poor, muddy water has more to do with their going crazy than anything they eat." Fresno (Cal.)Repub lienn. Homes in Honduras. The total absence of glass in windows in Trujillo impresses one as singular at first, but after several days of the coast heat he acknowledges the good sense which endeavors to open the house as much as possible to any breeze that may be stirring. Iron bars cover all the win dows of dwellings of any size; many "patios," and the corridors surrounding them, are tiled with a blue and white variety of marble, quarried near Pota, a few miles back from the coast. The rafters in many houses are exposed, the space between them being covered with a native straw-colored matting, which is also often used ou the walls instead of plaster; the matting, with the tiled floors of the room, affords the traveler a refreshing sense of coolness, after a hot ride under a burning sun. The furniture of the wealthy is made of the finest grained mahogany, and some of the massive bedsteads will never lie moved from the town to the interior unless a railway is built, for no mule can carry such immense affairs. Closets or cupboards ore never seen, and in a hotel one is fortunate if he finds a clothespress. The most well-to-do have no idea of home de.-orafion, and even if homes were made pretty, the wretched, stupid servauts w uld be unable to keep them in order. In tho middle classes no house servants are employed, the mistress of the house leing cook, chambermaid, and waitress, and when one of these poor souls passes away her history may be sum we 1 up in few words: "She nursed, made 'tortillas,' and died." N. T, Timet, TERMS $1.50. THE ROCKS PURE GOLD. A Western Machinist Who Refused a Great Mine as a Gift. In one of the side streets near the Oakland Feny, San Franciseo, there is general junk shop carried on by one E. T. Steen, whoso daily struggle for the mighty dollar is a hard one. Mr. Stecm makes a specialty of second hand machinery, in the purchase of which he travels considerably over the Californian miuingcounties. Abandoned or broken down quartz mills and hoist ing works are his delight. He is by no means a rich man, al though he. constantly tells the story of how lie was offered a large fortune once as a present, but refused it. It happened this way: In part of El Dorado County, called Grizzly Flats, a mine had been worked with more jor less profitable results by a party of Boston Capitalists. These men hnfl Knent eonsidei-ublft monev in im- prortng the property, and in tne course of development had gotten out some twelve or fifteen hundred tons of ore. This lay on the dumps. For one reason or another the machin ery at the mine did not work satisfactor ily, and the ore was not crushed. It also happened that a cave occurred in the mine shaft, which so discouraged the Boston folks that they finally concluded to abandon the property. The only thing to be done was to sell tlie machinery for the most money ob tainable. Mr. Stecn was invited to make a bid, and he visited the mine the Mount Pleasant it was called looked over the machinery, and offered a stated sum for it, which was at once accepted. The mine owners offered to tlirow the mine into the bargain for a few hundred dollars more, but Mr. Steen wouldn't have it, remarking: "What on earth do I want of the mine? I wouldn't take it as a gift. " This was some seven or eight years ago. Mr. Steen then hauled the machinery away from the property, which after ward lay idle for some six months or more, when an expert in the employ of the same Boston firm happened to visit the place. He was there to examine and report upon another mining property in the vicinity. The expert, more from curiosity than anything else, concluded to go over the Mount Pleasant property to see whether the ore might not be worked to advan tage by some new process. He assayed a sample from the dump and was aston ished to find the result over ?SbU. J. hat is, the ore, if this was a fair sample, would yield $30 per ton. He then made further assays, with even better results, and wrote to Boston, stating that it would pay to put up a new mill on the property. After some hesitation this was done and the ore on the dumps was run through the mill in less than a month, yielding about $27,000. Upon examin ing the mine further it was found that the cave in the main shaft had exposed a "chimney" of very rich ore, upon which the mill was soon set to work. From this on the mine was systemati cally worked, and, singularly enough, the deeper they got the wider and richer the vein Yecame, and to-day Mount Pleasant is probably the richest gold mine in California. For seven years tha Mount Pleasant Mine lias yielded a net return of from $25,000 to $10,000 a month, and there is said to be ore enough in sight now to keep the mill running ten or twelve years more. A million dollars in casn would not, to use the Western idiom, " touch one side of the property." I have often seen the man at the Mount Pleasant mill after a day's run take up great iron buckets full of rich amalgam from the plates and have seen quartz specimens from the ledge worth ' many hundreds of dollars. About a year alter bteen naa reinsea to accept the property I met him one day in San Francisco. "What is that rich mine up iu El Dorodo county I hear so much about?" he asked me. ' The Mount Pleasant," I told him. " Good Lord!" he exclaimed, "yon don't say so ?" And then he told me about his purchase and the attendant facts as above described. New York herald. Big Owl and Little Dog. Orrin Whipple, of South Albington township, Penn., saw a huge owi mop ing on a fence stake in one of his back fields the other day. Whipple ran to the house after his gun, and when he started out with the gun on his shoulder his little dog Frolic followed him and legan to yelp. He silenced the dog be fore he got to where the big owi was, but the moment he fired and knocked the owl off the stake Frolic had another fur ious barking spell as lie dashed at the owi and acted as though he w as going to bite his head off. The mammoth bird was sprawled out on the ground with a broken wing when Frolic reached it, and it w as fluttering and flopping in an endeavor to fly, but the brave little dog pitched into it and made a few feathers fly before Mr. Whipple had a chance to interfere. At the end of the first bout Frolic began to howl as though he was racing along the road with half a dozen tin pans hanging to his tail, but he wasn't racing at all, for the big owl had him by the left ear and he was j'anking with all his might to get away, and howling ns if his heart would break. Just ns Mr. Whipple reached the fluttering and yelping pair, the owl's sharp bill tore more than one half of poor Frolic's ear off, and the re leased cur scampered across the pasture, howling as he ran, and looking over his shoulder at every bound to see if he was in danger of getting any more of the same sort of torture. With the exception of the broken wing the owl had not been injured, and Mr. Whipple lugged the mad bird home and put it in a coop. From tip to tip of its wings it measured four feet three inches, and it has a face like a eat. Frolic's ear has healed up some, but Mr. Whipple can't get the dog to go near the coop where the owl is. Style of Pulpit Oratory. The stylo of pulpit oratory has chang ed very much iu the last twenty-five years. Tho conversational tone, simple, direct, often homely, sometimes even colloquial, is tho vogue now. The old style of preaching, with its elaboration of detail, wit'.i its formal exordium, its nu merous heads, and its rhetorical perora tion, would not hold the people nowadays. What is looked for and appreciated in the pulpit is a crisp and epigrammatic style, with an element of newsiness and freshness about it. Such a style at its best demands quite as much ability and culture as the old stjie. Indeed, it really demands more, for it presupposes the power to condense a great deal of thought into a few words, which is only possible to a high order of intellect. Dr. Porkhurst and Dr. Paxton, of this city, are noteworthy instances of this style of preaching. They both, in an eminent degree, have the power to put a great thought before their hearers in a few epi grammatic sentences, tinged with the homely vernacular of the peopl". They might indeed be called pulpit etchers. The young preacher who wants to learn the seeret of public success could not do belte.' than study carefully the methods of these tw o great pi e'chei's. New JVi Tribune, FEROCIOUS ALLIGATORS. Thrilling Experiences in Georgia' Oaky Woods District Wild Cattle. Alligators are quite numerous in the swamps and ponds in the famous oaky woods district in the vicinity of Albany, Ga. Fishermen in their bateaus fre quently see their black noses protruding in every direction from the surface of the water around them. As dusk ap proaches their bellowing, like the sound of an immense bullfrog's choruses or the noise of bulls with a touch of the epizootic, commences. It is a chorus by no means reassuring to persons with timid nerves. Physicians, in driving through the swamps, often see them passing the road, proceeding from ono pond to another. A doctor not long since had quite a thrilling experience with an im mense saurian, which took the road in front of the vehicle, and disputed his further progress. This had happened repeatedly. Horses generally become unmanageable when confronted by these hideous monsters. Not long since as two gentlemen were driving a span, -an alligator about eight fwt long rushed directly between the tw o horses. The animals liecame frantio with fear. The 'gator left Ids singular position and moved to the corner of the fence, when one of the gentlemen, who fortunately had a rifle in the buggy with him, put out in pursuit, and with a few well di rected shots placed the reptile hors du combat. I One of the most singular experiences in this respect was that of a large plant er. While driving rapidly along with a friend an alligator ran from the side of the road and viciously snapjiod at the buggy, catching one of the spokes in his mouth with a desperate grip. The wheel' turned over with the alligator clinging to the spoke. It was thrown, as the wheel revolved, directly into the buggy, and beneath the scat" occupied oy the gentlemen. Jim conifwiuoii jumped from the vehicle," leaving" the " gentleman alone in the buggy, with the horse terribly frightened and the alli gator pounding under the seat, iu dan gerous proximity to his legs. As soon as the horse could be quieted the plant er leaped out, and with a fence rail soon dispatched the vicious occupant of the buggy. He now has a pair of shoes made from its hide. A number of little colored boys were teasing a large babboon the other day, brought to Albany by a ten cent circus. The immense monkey stood the annoy ance os long as Simian endurance could, until worried lieyond measure, it grasped a brick bat lying near, and with a well directed blow flung it at the niest troublesome of its tormentors. The babboon's aim was enough to make a small boy ashamed of himself. The brick struck the little negro directly be hind the right ear, knocking him sense less. It was at first thought that the little darkey was killed, but restoratives brought him back to life. Out in the oaky woods, in tho dense swamp of the Chickasawatchee a drove of wild cattle have taken possession. They feed upon the tender growth ol the canobrakes. They have bo-jome so annoying to some of the planters thai they are preparing to hunt them down. They make forays upon the growing crops in the immense fields of corn and cotton. The highest fences are no im pediment to them, ns they leap them with ease and fly at the first approach of man, seeking the almost impenetrable denseness of the swamps. Some twenty five cows have been counted among them. They are sleek and fat from good living and are supposed to have escaped from the farm of a lady in Ran dolph county, and finding such good quarters in the swamp, have tasted the delights of freedom and become wild- Atlanta Constitution. A Peculiar Gotham Business. "While we make a specialty of find ing owners of money held in chancery," said the proprietor of a foreign claim agency to a New York Sun reporter, "we transact a groat volume of business of a private nature for people who are unable to run over to tho other side. Many men leave their families and coma 1. iu o.ti tt.irv in f),A ll.ktu. rt lui.n-i'nn themselves. Other men who Jiuve 7roe- pered in business are often annoved by the importunities of poor refutions. They don't like to see their own flesh and blood in need while they have plenty, so they frequently get us to find out if their friends are really as bad off as they pretend. Holders of patents are here almost every day to have us place their inventions upon the English mar ket. They always profess to be making fortunes out of their claptraps, and say that they would go over themselves ouly they want to be sure that there is noth ing of the kind already in the foreign markets. We don't make much out of this branch of our business, because tho American inventor is nearly always strapped. Teople who want to le dead headed across the Atlantic give us no end of trouble. They ore mostly women who wish to return home, and are will ing to transact any business wo may have in consideration of having their passage paid. Some years ago a woman came to make arrangements with us to have her name written in all the fashion able hotel registers and Inxiks of record in the historical places throughout the Continent. She offered us a very fancy price to undertake the job. While we were well aware that there were many shoddy people who were anxious to be thought visitors to Europe, w e came to the conclusion that the woman's desires were too far in advance of the present day. She assured us, however, that she knew people who had their names cabled over among the late arrivals in Paris and London, to the great envy oi their friends, while in reality they were hiding away from their creditors in som country farmhouse " Invisible Patches for Shoes. Procure from the druggist's two ounces of bi-sulphuret of carbon, put iuto a wide-mouthed bottle, add to it one-half ounce of gutta-percha shredded. The India-rubber is lrequently procurable in shavings kept for this purpose, iu India rubber supplies. Shake the bottle often, until the gutta-percha is perfectly dis solved; it is then ready te be applied. Scrape gently the boot or shoe until free from blacking and the leather slightly roughened; thin by paring carefully the edges of the bit of' leather tole applied; dust with the tiniest mite of finely iow dered resin, both patch and shoe, spread a little of the cement well over each; but little of the cement is needed. The BUifaces must lie pressed close togethei and smoothed with a warm iron or spoon. The parts will adhere firmly in a fe minutes and may then be worn. A few hours will le required for the cement tc harden. It is water-proof; if ni-eb done, the natch will be invisible and will probably outlast the shoe a simple piece of work that may bo done by lady, or within the compass of a boy oi girl of twelve vears of ago. It is inex pensive; a sufficient quantity of virgin India-rubber may le bought for ter cents to do the patching of the shoes ol a family for quite a length of time, nmi for a nickel or ten cents an ounce tin bi-sulphuret of carlion. The very dis agreeable odor of the latter quicklj evaporates. lndt pendent. Cunning Ruse to Collect a Debt. A good stort? is told of a hotel coshiel who got , 'stuck" with a worthless check, but succeeded in securing part of tin amount. He had cashed a check for S7J for a gentleman who was not a guest o the house, but was so frequently about its corridors that he was supposed to In good for the amount of the cheek. Tin check came back with the reiort tha' there were no funds in the bank t cover it. The cashier tried every cxjmi dient to get the money out of the nun who drew it, but without, avail. (Xn dry ho learned by accident that then were $60 to the credit of the fellow it the bank. He quietly went to the bank and made a deposit of fl5 in the nann of the man, presented his check and wai duly paid 75. He was out only $15 instead of 875, and counted himself ex ceedingly lucky. It is the rule of tin hotels to cash no checks except for wel kuown guests, jYeir Ycrk Graphic.