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News and citizen. [volume] (Morrisville, Vt. ;) 1881-current, March 28, 1889, Image 1

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THE LOST MINE.
MYSTERIOUS DEPOSITS OF SIL
VER I1T INDIANA KNOBS.
The Rich Find of Captain Phelps,
a Famous Hunter Guarded by a
Silent Chief with a Drawn Bow.
The name Indiana Knobs is applied
to a range of hills that, rising from the
Ohio River near New Albany, sweep in
a wide semicircle through the counties
of Floyd, Clark, Scott, and Jefferson,
debouching upon the river at Madison,
thirty-five miles from New Albany. These
hills are not in a continuous range, bnt
in clusters, like links of a broken chain.
Of irregular outlines, thickly wooded
and piled together in the greatest con
fusion, they were, until the last decade,
a wilderness who- e wildness could hardly
- he-exeeeded. All the region inclosed
in the sweep of these hills is rather low,
and traversed by several beautiful
streams, with lovely winding valleys,
shut off by low hills froni neighboring
valleys. The Knobs are the scene of
many quaiut legends and traditions,
some of which have come down from the
Indian occupancy of the country.
One of the earliest settlers in this pec
tion was Nathan Phelps, a retired steam
boat captain and pilot of the lower Mis
sissippi. At the beginning of the pre
sent century he established himself on
the boundary line between the counties
of Clark ami Washington, at the point
where the Territorial road, from Louis
ville to the settlements ou White River,
crossed the range.
Captain Phelps was a famous hunter,
and spent much of his time ranging
over the hills, which at that time
abounded with lear, deer, and all the
four-footed and feathered game common
to the locality. He wasae:;ompaiiiedby
a trapper friend named Brooks, and in
one of tTfcir rambling expeditions they
found m one of the wildest recesses of
that wild region an excavation, and near
it a rude furnace of stone, which, from
the metallic dross, scattered atout, they
supi)oseu to nave been used in the
smelting of silver ore.
Following the course of the excava
tion thev dug out and ran off much of
the precious metal, which, report says,
was in the form of native silver: that is.
almost pure. Phelps and Brooks estab
lished a camp here, end gave them
selves tip to the business of mining,
going home occasionally for supplies.
During one of Phelps' absences for this
purpose oor Brooks was bitten by
rattlesnake tliey were very numerous
in the hill country and lie died alone
in the solitary mountain camp. As
. . .
Phelps had no near neighbors upon
whom he could call for assistance, or
perhaps did not desire that any one
should become acquainted with their
treasure house, he dug the grave un
aided, and laid his nnfortunat 3 compan
- ion to rest under the spreailing pine that
had sheltered him while dying.
Just then occurred the Indian out
break known ns the Pigeon Roost mas
sacre, and Plielps fled with his family
to the friendly shelter of the fort at
Louisville. W hile beie waiting the ad
justment o the Tndi.-tn otiesrion, wearied
F ti ivilv or til." lunnolunj cf !
in the fort, he took charge of a vessel
and made several trips to New Orleans.
On one of these trips he was smitten
with yellow fever and died there. Dur
ing his last illness he drew from memory
a chart of the locality of the mine, de
siring that it should be given to his son
when he grew to manhood. After the
country was deemed secure from Indian
outbreaks Mrs. Phelps returned to the
farm, and some of the citizens called
upon her and asked permission to see
the chart, for some inkling of its exis
tance had got abroad. She showed them
the chart, but refused to allow it to be
copied, and never again permitted it to
be seen, saying she intended to be gov
erned bv "her husband's wishes in the
matter and save it for her son. In this
chart, which, in view of the circum
stances under which it was drawn, may
not have b?en correct, the mine was lo
cated four miles south of his house.
which would bring it in the vicinity .f
the Round Top, one of the loftiest hills
of the chain and the most regular in out
line. Acting upon that theory the neigh
bors thoroughly explored the ravines in
the ncighljorhood of the Round Top and
made many excavations, but were never
able to discover a spit I earing a resem
blance to the locality described in the
chart. Those who saw the chart were
only permitted a hasty examination,
but all agreed that the mine was situ
ated in a ravine at whose month was the
figure of an Indian with drawn bow,
carved npon an ok, with the arrow
pointed in the direction of their excava
tion. When young Phelps grew to manhood
he sought diligently for the mysterious
mine, but without success. Again and
again, at intervals of several years, he
renewed the search, but all in va:n, and
for fifty years he has not been heard
of. The proliability of their being sil
ver in the Knobs is strengthened by the
circumstance that, during the BlackHawk
war, some Indians who were encamped
in the vicinity of Rocklsland, waiting the
signing of the treaty that should remove
them beyond the Mississippi, told some
of the citizen soldiers from this section
that there was silver in the Knobs.
These Indians were not from this section,
but were in communication with parties
who had limited over the hills or made
their summer homes there. The precise
locality of the mine they did not state,
or they were, perhaps, ignorant of it.
There is much of wild beauty in these
hills, and he who has rambled one day
amid their glories has enjoyed a rare and
not soon forgotten pleasnre. It is a re
gion abounding in historic interest also.
The old stone fort on the Ohio is one of
the most remarkable defensive works ex
tant of the mound builders. It lies at the
mouth of Fonrteen Mile Creek, near the
site of Ohio Falls, the ancient hamlet
founded by the explorer, Clark. Silver
Creek is a historic stream also, since it
was along its banks the terrified settlers
fled on that doleful August day in 1812,
when the Indians fell upon the neigh
boring hamlet of Pigeon Roost. Few
of the pioneers are left, but the old stone
fort still speaks eloquently of that mys
terious vanished race, and the circling
hills remain, mute witnesses of all they
have looked upon.
A Fatality Pursues Imported Horses.
HI fortune seems to follow the noted
racehorses bought in England for ship
ment to the United States. Prince
Charlie, who was purchased by an
American only six or seven years ago,
died soon after his arrival here, and his
owners at once secured Lord Falmouth's
Derby winner Kingcraft to take his
place. Kingcraft died on the voyage;
and it is a singular coincidence that
Blue Gown, winner of the Derby two
years before him, also died at sea.
Stranger still, the same fate has befallen
Ossory, brother of the mighty Ormonde,
who cost Milton Young over $10,000 a
few weeks ago. Ossory could not have
been shipped at a worse season, yet Mr.
Young did not think it necessary to in
sure his life. Though not a Derby win
ner, Ossory was a horse of high class, his
breeding being as fashionable as that of
any animal in England. There are at
the present time two Derby winners in
the United States the American bied
Iroquois and the imported St. Blaise.
Yew foric rrmtu.
VOL. XVII. NO.
NAVAL RED TAPE.
The Rigid Rules that Exist on a
Man-of-War.
The story of naval red tape would fill
a volume, and a very amusing volume it
would be to the civilian. Hoary customs
that have long outlived their usefulness
are continued, apparently for no better
reason than that they were once neces
sary. Trifles are magnified into things
of moment, and there are a hundred
petty regulations that, disobeyed, may
bring down a reprimand or a court-martial.
The rules of procedure are cast
iron, and no European court is more
jealous of etiquette than is the American
Navy. The commander of a man-of-war
no longer has power of life and death
over his subordinates, though it is less
than ft generation since the son of a
Cabinet officer was hanged to the yard
arm after a drum-head courtniartiaL
The captain is still a tremendous person
age. He lives alone in quarters that are
commodious and sumptuous, compared
with those of his subordinate officers.
He is surrounded by ceremonious obser
vances. He has a boat's crew at his
back to carry him where he will, whether
on public or private business. His
quarter deck is a sacred pre;inet, so that
no officer save those on duty there dares
to loiter upon its surface. His represen
tative, the officer of the deck, though he
be a mere ensign, receives the salute of
every seaman and officer in thr ship. It
has not been guessed what would happen
should any one smoke on the quarter
deck, and so much is the spot held in
awe that an officer passing touches his
hat even though neither the captain nor
the officer of the deck is in sight.
One of the oddest examples of for
malities and red tape is given at quar
ters on the first Sunday of the month,
when the muster takes place. Every
one comes to quarters that morning in
full dress. When silence has been com
manded, the first lientenant informs
the" captain, through the orderly, that
the officers and crew are ready to mus
ter. The captain then comes on deck
and bids the first lieutenant read the
articles of war. Thereupon the first
lieutenant reads in his loudest voice the
said articles with their dreadful fulmi
nations against drunkenness, rambling,
I)rofane swearing, treason, and other
ike crimes. He also reads such general
orders ns may have come from the Navy
Department. The reading finished, he
reports to the captain that the orders
have been published. At this the cap
tain says to the first lieutenant: "Then
go on with the muster." The first lieu
tenant says in turn to the officer of the
deck: "Go on with the muster." The
officer of the deck says to the paymaster:
"Go on with the muster." The pay
master fays to his clerk: "Go on with
the muster," and the clerk goes on with
the muster, which is merely a roll call of
the ship's oilieers and crew. When the
clerk has finished his task, he reports
the result to the paymaster; the pay
master repeats the clerk's message to
the officer of the deck, the officer of the
deck repeats it to the first lieutenant,
and the first lieutenant rejieats it to the
captain. The captain then says to the
first lieutenant: "Pipe down." This
ri Iit traverses til mre of the othen.
and finally reaches the boatswain. He
pipes down, which means that the
"fuuetion" is ended. Ncio York Star.
Pure Air and Good Health.
To ventilate a room it is not necessary
to make it cold, even in winter. A sup
ply of fresh outside air may be kept up
in the room without materially lowering
the temperature. We have only to take
advantage of a certain property of air
when it is heated it expands and rises,
while cooler air takes its place. If we
make openings in the room in or near
the ceiling, the foul air will rise and pass
out, while the pure outside air will enter
and sink to take its place. Because
the current produced is a very gentle
vertical one, it will take little heat from
our bodies, especially as the outside ail
becomes heated somewhat m its slow de
scent. Openings under doors and win
dows, or under lae-loards, chill us, be
cause the air they admit comes in as a
cold, rapid, horizontal current, striking
us directly: and air fo admitted does
not so well ventilate the room as air ad
mitted from above. If no other provis
ion for ventilation has been made, the
windows can be let down a little from
the top. A very narrow opening will
suffice. Close the lower part of the room
as tightly as may be, but have entrances
and exits for the air nlove while the
rooms are occupied. To sleep in an un
ventilated room is still more hurtful. II
the windows are let down from the tof
there will be no danger of catching cold,
It is currents striking directly which
produce colds in the head, or throat, 01
chest. And it is sleeping or sitting in
close, nnventilated rooms which maket
one susceptible to colds. American Ag
ricvlturitt.
Uncle Sam's Store of Saltpeter.
Two of the five powder magazines re-
eently erected by the Government at
the Pickatinny powder depot neai
Dover, N. J., are now being filled with
refined and crude sal t peter and with brim
stone. The saltpeteris in eases and barrels
weighing from 200 to 500 pounds each,
and the brimstone has leeu melted into
oblong cases, each holding exactly 20C
pounds. About 3,500,000 pounds ol
saltpeter have been received and stored
in two of the magazines, and 600,000
pounds of brimstone are at hand. Some
of the packages of saltpeter bear evi
dence of having leen inspected in 1832
by Government officers.
"The material was sent from the Water
vliet Arsenal, near West Troy, N. Y.,
where it has been stored for many years
in anticipation of a scarcity in case of
war. It is now being removed to make
room for the erection of the gun foundry,
which is to le established nt the Water
vliet Arsenal. The possibility of it evei
being used by the Government in the
manufacture of powder is remote, and,
continues the Schenectady (N. Y.) Star,
the depreciation in value and loss of in
terest upon the money lying idle in the
saltpeter alone is very great. Tin
United States Ordnance Department if
supplied with powder by the Duponl
Powder Company of Wilmington. An
average of 10,000,000 pounds of salt
peter is imported into this country everj
year and little or none is exported.
A Gigantic Employment Agency.
The employment agencies of New
York are required to be licensed, but
this is the only attention or regulation
of a public nature to which they art
subjected. The experience of Paris
might be profitably studied here. That
city has begun the erection of a building
to cost 8600,000, whose first floor will 1
used as an employment agency, con
ducted by the city, with a register open
to all applicants; the top floor is a hal!
seating 2,000 people, for the use of laloi
meetings, and the floor lietween holdt
the offices of the Paris Federation o)
Labor and of every union in the city
The city heats and lights the building,
pays its expenses, and appropriate!
$4,000 a year to pay the office expensei
of the Federation. All this, in the end,
comes out of lalor, and iu France work
men are illy paid. There are some feat
ures of the scheme, however, that an
oommendable,--iVrfW Jork Graphic.
NEW
3.
THE LION KING;
INTERESTING REMINISCENCES
OF DRIESBACH, THE ANIMAL
TRAINER.
How the Famous Conqueror of Lions
Secumbed to a Demure Country
Lass His Adventure with Edwin
Forest, the Actor.
A paragraph is going the rounds of
the press to the effect that the marriage
of Herr Diiesb-ach, the famous lion
tamer, with a country maiden was
brought about by thej'oung lady daring
to hand the lion king a dish of onions at
a hotel table. The paragraph, accord
ing to the Chicago Inter-Ocean, is er
roneous in the main, although the odor
iferous vegetable mentioned played a
prominent part in the aff air that termi
nated m the matrimonial event that
made Herr Driesbach a benedict. The
marriage took place in the country, and
was rather romantic iu its way. The
famous lion-tamer breathed his last not
a dozen miles from the marriage altar
at which he became a husband, and his
remains were laid at rest in a cemetery
just beyond the southern suburb of this
city, many residents of whom remember
the grizzled old lion king, who, as late
as a half score years or so ago came to
town in a veritable "one-hoss shay,
drawn by a spotted horse.
Mi's. Driesbach, the lion tamer's
widow, a matronly, dignified lady, who
nearly two score years ogo was Miss
Sarah Walters, a comly country school-
ma'am, who taught a district school
at Mt. Eaton, at the southeast comer of
the county, is at present the guest of
relatives here, and tells many interest
ing anecdotes that occurred during the
life of her famous husband. She recent
ly related the romance of her marriago
to the lion king. Une August day m
1850, Driesbach, with his circus, was
traveling over the old Wooster and
Wheeling stage route, which passes
through JUt. .baton. 1 hat little ham
let was reached at a meal hour, and the
tavern there became the place of enter
tainment for Driesbach and his com
pany.
Airs. Driesbach, then Miss Walters,
was a boarder at the hostlery and assist
ed in preparing the meal. Her meeting
with the lion tamer is given in her own
words: "We had taken sccial pains
to get up a nice meal, and I went into
the dining-room to wait on the tables.
Like every other country girl, I was on
the lookout for Driesbach of whom I Jmd
heard as the lion tamer. He came in
and took a seat at the table near where
I stood. Another gentleman, whom I
afterward learned was Gus Hunt, an old
showman known as Uncle Gus, who had
been with Driesbach for many years, sat
at the side of Driesbach and remarked to
him: 'Well, Driesbach, how docs this
meal suit you if Alxiut every thing here,
ain't there?' Driesbach surveyed the
table and replied: 'Yes, alxiut even-thing
but an onion.' I heard him mention
onion and I stepped up and inquired if he
desired on v. He told me lie would take
one if fresh. I ran out into the garden
and lmstily scoured two nice onions,
wliiflt X tolc to Ju'in.
' The man Hunt then said to him hi a
sort of undertone, which I overheard.
'Old fellow, I guess you struck your
match that time.' Driesbach looked up
J. I 'I . I "I , . .
at me ami siimcu aim sani, i'ernaps.
That was all that was said then, but that
evening I spoke to him, casually passing
the compliments of the day. A few
days after he- had left I received a letter
from him asking me to correspond. I
answered the letter, ami from that on
we corresponded. Tom Eckcrt, who is
now general manager of the Western
Union Te'cgraph Company, was Task
master at Wooster at that lime, and
used to tease me altout, writing to the
lion tamer. But I fooled Mr. Eckert.
Driesbach would send me the route of
his show and I would enclose niy letter
in an envelope addressed to the jiost
master of the town where the show
would stop. It is told that a few months
after I met Driesbach we were married.
Such was not the asc. We were mar
ried in April, 185-4, four years after we
first met."
Among the anecdotes related in Dries
batch's unpublished biography is onede
scribing how he frightened Edwin For
rest, the actor, and his iwrsonal friend.
Forrest was playing at the old Bowery
in New York, and the enfei tainments
would close with an exhibition of lions
by Driesbach. Forrest was one day
saying that he had never known fear,
and had never experienced any emotion
of fright. Driesbach made no remark
at the time, but in the evening, after the
curtains had fallen, lie invited Forrest
home with him. Forrest assented, and
the two, entering a house, walked a
long distance through many dark pas
sages, and finally Dricslmcli said, after
ojH'niug the door: "This way, Mr. For
rest. "
The actor followed, and heard a door
locked behind him, and at the same time
lie felt something soft rubbing against
his leg. Putting out his hands he
touched what felt like a cat's back. A
low, rasping growl greeted his cars, and
lie saw two fiery eyeballs glaring up
at him. "Ai'e you afraid, Mr. Forrest
asked Diiesbncii. "Not a bit," replied
Forrest. Driosbaeh said something,
and the growl dccjwned and became
hoaif er; the back liegnii to ari-h and the
eyes to shine more fiercely. Forrest
held out for several minutes, but the
syuitoms lc(anie so terrifying that he
owned up that he was -afraid. He be
seeched Driesbach to let him out, ns he
dared not move a finger w hile a lion kept
rubbing against his leg. After Forrest
acknowledged that ho knew what fear
was and agreed to stand a champagne
supper, Drieslmeh released him.
One incident Driesbach took delight
in recounting was the time he was in
England, when Queen Victoria sjHike
to him, praising his mastery over lions
lie had exhibited liefore lier Majesty,
although she did not know she was ad
dressing Driesbach. The lion tamer
laughingly referred to this as his joke
on Queen Victoria whenever he related
incidents of his career to friends.
The Students Got Even.
It is told in Boston that a party of
Harvard sfudents, anxious to get even
with the Boston police for some un
doubtedly good reason, bought a bar
lter's pole, got a receipt, and started
through the streets, learing their prop
erty. Of course they were soon stopjwd
by a policeman. "Hello, there, what
yer doin 'itli that pole?" "That's our
business." "Oh, is it? Well, you come
along 'ith me." So ho marched them to
the police station. "What's the trouble,
officer?" asked the sergeant. "Stealin'
a barber's pole. " Then the polieemon
gave a detailed account of the crime and
the arrest of the criminals, who were
alKmt to be sent to their dungeon cellc.
when one of them handed the sergeant
the receipt. "Officer, you may return
to your beat," said the sergeant, and the
students filed out, learing the pole
proudly. Two blocks away another
policeman stopjied them. Then followed
the same dialogue, another arrest, and
the fame scene at the station. And so
it went on until the young men had
lieen arrested six times. They might
have lecn arrested twelve times had not
a general notice lxt'ii sent out to the
police not to molest the party of young
men parading about Boston beiiying a
bavbur'a pole,
MORRISVILLE AND HYDE PARK, VERMONT,
ERICSSON S MONITOR.
The
Government Came Near
Getting the Little Vessel.
Not
Mr. C. S. Buslinell, of New Haven,
an old friend of John Ericsson, has been
interviewed about him by the New Haven
I'aWtdivm. Here is port of what h
said: "Mr. Ericsson, soon after onr ac
quaintance, let me take the Monitor
plans. He had vowed that he would
never go to Washington with the plan
because the Government owed him 12,
000 for his engineering work in con
structing the propeller Princeton, the
first propeller ever bnilt, but would not
pay it. I took the plans to Mr. Welles,
Secretary of the Navy, and also to Mr.
Seward, Secretary of State. Mr. Sew
ard gave me a note to President Lincoln
and on the following day I called on the
President. He said lie did not know
much nliont vessels, rave flat lxats, but
he agreed to meet me the next day with
the board of Naval Commissioners.
Well, at this meeting President Lincoln
heard a great deal of adverse criticism
on the part of the naval officers, but he
said that the idea reminded him of the
expression of the girl, who, when she
put her foot in her stocking, said:
"There's something iu it." Then I re
quested the board to make a favorable
report that there might lie a vessel con
structed from the plans. Two were in
favor and one was opposed, and I could
not persuade him to consent. I was
rather discouraged, and I saw but one
way to secure adoption of the plan, and
that was to bring Ericsson Itefore the
Board. I left Washington for New York
that night. I saw Ericsson the next
morning, and, by the way, I was admit
ted by a servant girl, Ann, who has been
in Mr. Ericsson's servi from that time
to the present. I succeeded in persuad
ing him to break his vow, and return
to Washington, telling him that all that
I believed was in the way of the accept
ance of the plau was the fact that one
of the members of the Board did not
think that he understood the idea well
enough to give it his approbation. So
Mr. Ericsson returned with me, and
under the influence of the man's enthu
siasm and eloquence, the board became
convinced of the feasibility of the project
and gave it hearty approval. Thus ap
proved the plan was carried out and the
Monitor was built. I have liccn associ
ated for the past year with Mr. Ericsson
in the construction of the Destroyer,
and he has left his plans for the vessel
in such perfect shaiKi that his subordin
ates can go right on with the w ork and
complete w hat is t- be an absolutely im
pregnable vessel, capable of destroying
any or all of the vessels of the world,
monitors included, and which will un
doubtedly be accepted by the Govern
ment as the style of vessel for the entire
coast. Mr. Ericsson was certainly a
most wonderful man. The Dictator was
composed of 3,000 different parts, all the
creation of a man's brain, and his de
signs for the vessel scut to the draughts
men at Delamnter's,wcre so very explicit
that not a plan or a plate had to bo
changed in the slightest."
Mr. Bushucll is one of the executors
of Mr. Ericsson's will.
An Odd Will.
"WV,,tio i Omlerdoiik. brother of
Bishop Oudcrdouk, of - IVnuavlvama,
and Bishop Oudcrdouk, of New York,
left a will which is unparalleled as to
the peculiarity of its provisions. He
lived and died in Queens county, N. 1'.,
and left an estate worth Imtwecn two
and three millions. His will was ad
mitted to probate, and has recently been
brought lx'fore the General Term for
construction.
The clause in dispute reads as follows:
"Parental faithfulness requires and
long experience enables me to point my
descendants to those defects which
bring disrepute, disaster and poverty. I
order and direct that if at the com
mencement or luring the existence of
any trust herein created any male de
scendant who but for this section would
receive some share of niy estate is or be
comes an idler, sluggard, spendthrift,
profligate, drunkard, gambler or fast
man; or habitually omits rising, breok
fasting and lwing ready for business by
nine o'clock each morning, except Sun
days; or omits pursuing some reputable
business while over twenty-one and
undei fifty years ol age; or engages in
hunting, fishing, or unseemly sports on
Sunday; or if any descendant uses
spirituous or fermented liquor or tobac
co immoderately; or repeatedly visits
horse races, gambling saloons, lottery
or policy shops, billiard saloons or any
disorderly or disreputable or questiona
ble houses or resorts; or associates with
idlers, gamblers, horse jockeys or fast
persons, or shall marry before reaching
twenty-five years of ago without con
sent of parents or my executors; or shall
impute anything which shall tend to
bring ony one of nijT blood except my
inhuman son John into contempt, or
shall contest the probate of my will,
then in either case such person shall
forfeit his interest in my estate."
The executors are made the sole
judges of character, and the beneficia
ries must come up to their standard.
yew York Jt ri.il.
Big Brutes at Play.
Two elephants in Philadelphia, Jim
and Jennie, after they had finished their
afternoon bath, were always given blad
ders to burst. The bladders were put
around their bathing pond on the stone
coping, and they walked around smash
ing each one. I never saw elephants
have a better time. First Jim would
come along, raise his ponderous forefoot,
and bring it down thwack on the bladder.
As it hurst with a loud report loth he
and Jennie would raise their trunks
and snort, with delight. Then Jennie
would go through the same perfor
mance. One afternoon I saw them having this
sort, of a "bully" time. When only one
bladder was left, Jim left it for Jennie.
The shadow was cast so that the coping
really seemed to spread into the water,
and the bladder had slipped over on to
the water, although it seemed to rest ou
the stone. Jenny came plunging along
with lots of brag in her whole bearing.
She looked around to see that she had
the attention, then she laised her great
big foot and brought it down plump into
the water. The force was so great that
she toppled and went over head and
heels and the bladder sailed off unhurt.
Then there was the greatest commotion ;
Jim ran around to the sloping entrance
tothejHind, plunged in, righted Jennie,
on d rubbed her all over with his trunk,
solicitous to see that she had no bruise.
They s'ayed under water for some time
and haven't smashed bladders since.
Keie York Tribune.
Artificial Lungs for the Drowning.
Professor Poe, of Bridgejxirt, Conn.,
has invented an artificial pair of lungs
which he uses in restoring life in cases
of drowning and asphyxiation. He is
exjx'rimenting on a pet rabbit, and has
already drowned it and restored it to
life eleven times. The rabbit has also
been suffocated by the fumes of burning
charcoal until all signs of life were ex
tinct. The Professor then attached his
patent bellows to the animal's mouth
and forced oxygen into the lungs. The
returning suction drew out the deadly
fase, lvl,d the avtifi i:al respiration pro
duced a muscular contraction and ex
pansion of the lungs until life was re
stored. Professor I'oe claims that his
invention will save human beings ns
well as rabbi Is, -citato ConHitHtivn,
AMD
DEATH GULCH.
A DEADLY GAS SPRING IN YEL
LOWSTONE PARK.
Remains of Animals Found That
Had Been Asphyxiated by the Ir
respirable Vapors in the Fatal
Ravine.
The familiar fable of the upas tree,
living in a valley of death ; wherein ali
life was killed by its deadly exhalations
and the ground was strewn with the
bones of its victims, has been proven,
like many a traveler's tale, to be a high
ly colored and exaggerated account of a
natural phenomenon. The upas tree is
now well known to hay poisonous sap,
but not poisonous apors.-- But the
storv survives in the accounts given of
the Dath Valley of Java, which it was
long believed n(f travir eoK'd cross,
"w herein every living being which pen
etrated the valley falls down dead, and
the soil is covered with the vcarcus-ses of
tigers, deer, birds, and even'ythc bones
of men, all killed by the abundant ex
halations of carbonic-acid gas, vith
which the bottom of the valley is filled."
Such is the description given by Lyell,
of this famous valley; while another lo
cality is described as a place where 'the
sulphurous exhalations have killed
tigers, birds and innumerable insects,
and the soft parts of these animals are
perfectly preserved, while the bones are
ercxled and entirely destroyed. The re
searches of Junghuhn have shown that
these accounts are much exaggerated,
the "Valley of Death" being a funnel
shaped depression but 100 feet in diam
eter instead of a valley half a mile
across. In the bottom of this depression
there is a hole fifteen feet in diameter,
from whic'i gaseous emanations are i
given out, which at times accumulate w
a depth sufficient to envelop and suffo
cate animals on the bottom of the hol
low. Repeated visits by Junghuhn, ex
tending over a period of twelve years,
showed that the nmount of gas varied
greatly from time to time, but rarely
ever rose over two to six inches alove
the bottom. At the time of his earlier
visit he found the Ixxly of a Javanese
native in the depression, but experi
enced no difficulty or oppression while
there himself. This same body was still
undecomposed, owing to the preserv
ative effect of the layer of gas, when he
repeated his visit eighteen months later.
The only other remains seen during his
subsequent visits were the carcasses of
six swine, which were decomposed and
putrid. At this time the absence of the
gas was shown by the presence of a crow
feeding upon the dead bodies. ,
Though thus shorn of much of its
former glory, the Pakamman, or poison
hole, is the largest and most dangerous
of the gas springs of mofettes of Java,
and indeed of the world, and really de
serves the title of a natural death trap.
Though such emanations are common
in all volcanic regions, this has been the
only place known where the gases have
accumulated and caused the death of
the larger animals.
In the Yellowstone National Park,
now so well known as tin- wonderland
of America, there is n plaee equalling
this famous d- at'i valiey, and where the
gaseons exhalation iulvw proved fatal to
numerous bear, elk ami muiiy smaller
animals.
This place, to winch the appropriate
name of "Death -Gulch" is given, was
discovered bv the writer during the past
summer (1888) while making a geologi
cal examination of the region for Mr.
Arnold Hague, the geologist in charge
of the survey of the park. It is situated
in the extreme northeastern portion of
this reservation, a short distance south
of the mail route, which, leaving Lamar
river, follows up Soda Butte creek to
the mining camp of Cook City. In this
region the lavas which fill the ancient
basin of the park rest upon the flanks of
mountains formed of fragmentary vol
canic ejecta, and tertiary andesitic brec
cias, which rest in turn upon nearly
horizontal paleozoic strata; while the
hydrothermal forces, which are repre
sented by the geysers and hot springs
of the central portion of the park, where
the lava sheet is thicker, show but feeble
manifestations of their energy in the al
most extinct hot-spring areas of Soda
creek, Lamar river, Cache creek and
Miller creek. Although hot water no
longer flows from the vents of these
areas, the deposits of travertine, sinter
and decomposed rock attest the former
presence of thermal springs,,,. Gaseous
emanations are not given off, however,
in considerable volume, producing ex
tensive alteration in the adjacent rocks,
and giviug rise to sulphurous deposits.
It is at one of these places that the
fatal ravine is found. Situated on
Cache creek, but two milels a)ove its
confluence with Lamar river, it is
easily reached by a horseback rido of
some miles from the mail station of
Soda Butte. The region is, however,
rarely visited; for hunting is forbiddt n
in the park, while the place has not
been known to present any attraction
for the few visitors who pass near it on
their way to the well-known Fossil forests
and the weird scenery of the Hindoo
basin.
The gulch ends, or rather begins, in a
"scoop " or basin about 250 feet above
Cache creek; and jnst below this we
found the fresh body of a large bear, a
silver-tip grizzly with the remains of a
companion in an advanced state of de
composition above him. Near by were
the skeletons of four more lears, with
the bones of an elk a yard or two above,
while in the bottom of the pocket were
the fresh remains of several squirrels,
rock hares and other small animals, be
sides numerous dead butterflies and in
sects. The body of the grizzlv was
carefully examined for bullet holes or
other marks of injuiy, but showed no
traces of violence, the only indication
being a few drops of blood under "the
nose.
It was evident that ho had met his
death but a short time before, as the
carcass was still perfectly fresh, though
offensive enough at the time of a later
visit. The remains of a cinnamon bear
just above and alongside of this were in
an advanced state of decomposition,
while the other skeletons were almost
denuded of flesh, though the claw s and
much of the hair remained. It was ap
parent that these animals, as well as the
squirrels and insects, had not met their
death by violence, but had been asphyx
iated by the irrespirable gas given oft' in
the gulch. The hollows were tested for
carlionio acid gas with lighted tapers
without proving its presence; but the
strong smell of sulphur and a choking
sensation of the lungs indicated the
presence of noxious gases, while the
strong wind prevailing at the time,
together with the open nature of the
ravine, must have caused a rapid
diffusion of the vapors.
This place differs, therefore, material
ly from the famous Death Valley of Java
and similar places in being simply a
V-shaped trench, not over 75 feet deep,
out in the mountain slope, and not a
hollow or cave. That the gas at times
accumulates in the jiocket at the head
of the gulch is, however, proven by the
dead squirrels, etc., found on its bottom.
Science.
J. T. FiiETCHEB, of Jenkins Bridge,
Va., was in his grave and men were
bricking it up, when they heard a groan.
They opened the coffin and found
Fletcher's heart beating. He was taken
home, but died two days afterward
tvitlioot regaining consciousness.
CITIZEN
THURSDAY, MARCH 28, 1889.
A WHITE CASTAWAY.
His Terrible Experience in the Wilds
of Africa.
Africa contains over eight million
miles in area, and has over twenty mil
lion inhabitants. In such a vast and
almost unknown country thrilling ad
ventures are of every-day occurrence,
and the traveler, hunter and explorer is
subject to perils peculiar to Africa
alone. Of such was the experience of
Mr. Deane, one of the agents of the
Congo Free State. He was in command
of Stanley Falls Station when it was at
tacked by the Arabs. Deaue, with his
comrade ' Dubois and four Haussa sol
diers, fled from the station, and it was
not long before Dubois fell into the
liver and to drowned. Deane and his
soldiers pushed on all night in a drench
ing rain, and only stopied at daylight
for a short rest. While Deane's clothes
were hanging on the bushesodry, a
shout in the rear told them that they
were discovered and that the Arabs
were in hot pursuit. Deane had just
time to throw his clothes over his arm
and start at full speed through the
bush, followed by his attendants. It
was nearly noon before they succeeded
in distancing their piu-sucrs, and by that
time it was a most woe-begone band of
fugitives. In the race for life every Hans
sa had lost his gun, and not a weapon
of any sort was left in the party. One
by one Deane had dropped his garments,
and he had nothing left except a small
military cape, which lie threw over his
shoulders. In the midst of an African
jungle he had not the slightest protec
tion for his bleeding feet, and even if he
had saved his b jots ho would not have
dared to put them on, for the tracks
would have revealed to any prowling
Arab or hostile native that a white man
was in the neighborhood. A cannibal
tribe, with whom Deane himself had had
a serious fight, liued the liver below,
and he dared not appeal to them for
succor. He was about three hundred
miles from the nearest white station of
Bangala. All that could bo done was to
struggle down the river, through tho
dense brush and forests, several miles
inland, avoiding all the tribes except
one or two that were known to be friend
ly, and living on whatever they coidd
pick up that would afford nutriment.
For four weeks this white castaway
wandered through the country, living
on wild grapes, fried ants and caterpil
lars, and sleeping at night on tho bare
earth, with no covering but dried leaves.
At last they came to the. Bakuina tribe,
and shortly afterward were rescued by
Crptain Coquihart, who had been sent
iu search of Deane. It was an experi
ence that not one white man in a
thousand could have lived to relate.
Two Brothers Wed Two Sisters.
Old Liederkranz Hall, on East Fourth
street, was thronged with Magyar
friends of the Kleins and Poppers on
Sunday afternoon to witness the nuptial
ceremonies which should bind Herman
Klein to Fanny Popper and Gcza Klein
to Charlotte Popper. It is not often
that brothers take two sisters for better
or for worse at the same, time, and it is
seldom that two brothers are found to
look 6o much alike lis the two Kleins, or
two sisters who so closely resemble each
other as the Poppers. Tho grooms are
blonde, closely shaveu, and the brides
are handsome black-eyed and plump
brunettes. The ceremonies were an
nounced for three o'clock, but it was
nearly five before the liev. Mr. Kohn
feld, of Kaschau, Hungary, turned his
face to the east and chanted tho "Min
cha" (afternoon) service. After this the
Huppa (nuptial canopy), of red silk
bordered with orange-satin was raised
upon four small poles held by four sin
gle men wearing their hats. Beneath
the centre of this Herman Klein took
his place, facing to the east and vis-avis
to the officiating rabbi. Ho was
flanked by Hen- Wohlberger, Wolf,
Greenberg and Bernard and Leopold
Klein as his best men. An orchestra
then struck up the Kakozcy march, and
the bridal procession entered the hall
led by the bride, supported by Amelia
and Lena Klein and Misses Wohlberg
and Greenberg. The brides were clad
alike in old-gold silk en traine, sur
mounted by long veils and orange blos
soms, while their impending spouses
wore black Prince Alberts. Only one
pair w ere mated then, as it is an old tal
mudical law that two brothers cannot be
wedded to two sisters on the same day.
The Hebrew day, however, according to
tho narrative of the Creation in the
Bible, has no night, as it says, "And
the evening and the morning were the
first day," so Herman and Fanny were
united "just before sundown, and two
hours later, after the next Biblical day
began, Charlotte and Gcza were made
man and wife. All tho principals were
compelled to fast until after the cere
mony, and the brides were kept scrupu
lously separated from their grooms the
entire day, neither being permitted to
see the other's face until the ring had
been placed upon the bride's finger. The
rabbi had previously recited the mar
riage contract in Hebrew, which had
been signed in that language by the
contracting parties. Benediction wine
was then drunk by the newly married
couple, a glass was broken to indicate
that separation is as impossible as a re
union of the broken fragments, and the
bride and groom were declared man and
wife amid a hurricane of "mozzel
tauvs" (good luck). A great deal of
wholesale indiscriminate kissing among
the guests followed, aud all the pro
ceedings were duplicated two hours
later at the nuptials of Charlotte and
Geza. JVew York Mercury.
Dynamite's Terrible Possibilities.
The terrible possibilities of dynamite
warfare at longrange were shown by the
test of the fifteen inch pneumatic gun
at Fort Lafayette, N. J. A target area
50 by 150 feet was marked off on the
surface of the bay at a distance of 2,138
yards by buoys. Eight shells, each
carrying 175 to 201 pounds of dynamite
andnitro-geliitine, were thrown. Half
of them struck within the target area,
throwing up columns of water 200 to 300
feet high by their explosions. Six of the
eight shots were effective within the area
of the largest war ships, and the poorest
shots struck so near that they would
have demoralized the crow of a vessel.
The test proved that the time primer
could be cut so as to regulate the depth
under water at which the shells explod
ed. The last shot w ith a long primer
sank to tho bottom of tho bay before
exploding and sent up a groat cloud of
mud and water to a height of 150 feet
above the surface. The shells were
driven from the gun by an air pressure
of 600 pounds to the square inch, and
made the flight in twelve to fourteen
seconds. Shells containing 500 to 600
pounds of dynamite are in preparation,
and a test will bo made with them
shortly. The fifteen inch gun is de
signed for the new cruiser Vesuvius and
for coast defenses. The Secretary of
War has awarded to the rneumatic Dy
namite Gun Company a contract for
seven of these fifteen-inch guns, three
for Sandy Hook, two for Fort Schuhler,
and two for Fort Warren, Mass. These
guns will deliver at a distance of a mile
shells containing 500 pounds of dyna
mite, the explosion of which will knock
down a crew and probably sjnk an iron
olad. AtUt)tt C(jntitution,
A WAR ROMANCE.
ONE OF THE STRANGE THINGS
STRIFE MAKES POSSIBLE.
Supposed to be Dead, Holden Lin
gered in a Northern Prison Until
the Close of the War.
Nelson Holden, of Troupe County,
Ga., joined one of the first regiments
from that State when the war broke out.
He left behind a young wife, having
lieen married only a few months.
Holden was a good soldier, and only
once during the war did he obtain a
f uiioiigh and visit his wife. He was at
home for a short time iu the summer of
1863, and soon after he returned to the
war he was taken prisoner. Before Hol
den had an opportunity of writing to
his wife after his capture he wos taken
ill with - -low piaWial fever. When
captured Holden had become separated
from his company, and his comrades
thought lie had been killed in
the battle. Mrs. Holden's first no
tice of the supposed death of her
husband was can tamed in some res
olutions passed by his company, a
copy of which vas forwarded to the
family. Without making any investi
gation, Mrs. Holden mourned her hus
band as dead, while he .was lingering
between life and death in a Northern
prison. It was many months before he
fully recovered from the effects of the
terrible fever. Holden Avas not released
until after the close of the war, and,
weak from his illness aud penniless, he
started to make his way to the little
home in Georgia. He was compelled
to eeek employment several times to
earn money to continue his journey,
and it was late in the autumn of 1865
when Holden came in sight of the little
home. He was a wreck of his former
self, and fully realized that it would be
difficult for his own wife to recognize
him.
Arriving at the home he had left more
than two years before, Holden found it
occupied by strangers. Without dis
closing his identity, he asked where Mrs.
Holden was. "Oh, she married Chris.
Jones and moved away last spring," was
the answer he received.
Holden was prostratred by the shock
of this startling intelligence, but, with
out giving liis name, he turned and
walked slowly away from the little home
where the happiest hours of his life hod
been passed. He made no effort to find
his wife, but continued his journey to
Clay county, Alabama. Holden worked
a while as a farm laborer, and finally saved
enough money to purchase a small farm
of his own. In time the old love was
forgotten and he married again. Holden
prospered and after a few years owned
one of the best farms in the county.
Several children were born and it was
not long until his first marriage seemed
like a dream. About four years ago
Mrs. Holden No. 2 died, leaving five
children.
About a year after the death of his
wife Mr. Holden sold a portion of his
farm to a man named Jones, from Geor
gia. Mr. Jones bnilt a house and
moved his family to Alabama. Soon the
two farmers became good triends, but
Mr. Holden had never been to the house
ol his neighbor, and had never seen his
wife.
Less than a year ogo Mr. Jones died.
His neighbor, Mr. Holden, of course,
attended the funeral and caused no lit
tle excitement by going off in a dead
faint when introduced to the weeping
widow of the dead man. That was not
the time or place for explanations, and
the next day after the funeral Mr. Hol
den called on his former wife, and this
time the recognition was mutual.
Mrs. Jones' period of momning will
expire in a few days, and then she will
be quietly married again to the hus
band of her youth. She has three chil
dren living and Mr. Holden has five.
Only a few of their most intimate friends
know the secret of their former marriage.
Globe Democrat.
The Loca Weed.
The discussion as to whether the "her
ba loca" will, if eaten by. stock, produce
insanity, is becoming general. James
Kennedy, Ph. G., of the Texas Pharma
ceutical Society, has made analyses, and
he declares that the only ill effect that
could follow its consumption would be
the usual effect of over-euting. Dr. L. M.
Booth, of Stanislaus county, a physician
of thirty yeaiV practice, and who is a
pioneer stockman, says rattle-weed is
not poisonous. He thinks that insanity
in horses is caused by the swallowing of
sand and dirt which clings to the roots
of grasses and herbs that the animals
feed npon. His testimony is corroborat
ed by that of S. Gates, of San Louis
Obispo county, whose letter we print lie
low: "I have noticed in a number of papers
lately remarks and opinions about the
plant "herba loca" (or rattlewoed), and
in your valuable paper of the 4th inst.
the statement is made that stockmen are
unanimous in their belief in its injurious
quality. I wish to be put down as one
who does not believe ' in the loca-weed
theory. I am in the stock business, and
live between the Cox & Clark ranch on
the west and the Cholame of 40,000 acres
on the east all run to stock. There are
fully 50,000 head of cattle, horse and
sheep kept in this neighborhood and I
have no knowledge of one loca animal
so-called and there is an abundance of
rattleweed all over this country. Last
year was a very poor grass year and
everj'thing in the way of vegetation was
eaten rattle w eed and all without any
bad effects. It is my opinion that stock
haying to use poor, muddy water has
more to do with their going crazy than
anything they eat." Fresno (Cal.)Repub
lienn. Homes in Honduras.
The total absence of glass in windows
in Trujillo impresses one as singular at
first, but after several days of the coast
heat he acknowledges the good sense
which endeavors to open the house as
much as possible to any breeze that may
be stirring. Iron bars cover all the win
dows of dwellings of any size; many
"patios," and the corridors surrounding
them, are tiled with a blue and white
variety of marble, quarried near Pota,
a few miles back from the coast. The
rafters in many houses are exposed, the
space between them being covered with
a native straw-colored matting, which is
also often used ou the walls instead of
plaster; the matting, with the tiled
floors of the room, affords the traveler a
refreshing sense of coolness, after a hot
ride under a burning sun.
The furniture of the wealthy is made
of the finest grained mahogany, and
some of the massive bedsteads will never
lie moved from the town to the interior
unless a railway is built, for no mule
can carry such immense affairs. Closets
or cupboards ore never seen, and in a
hotel one is fortunate if he finds a
clothespress. The most well-to-do have
no idea of home de.-orafion, and even if
homes were made pretty, the wretched,
stupid servauts w uld be unable to keep
them in order. In tho middle classes
no house servants are employed, the
mistress of the house leing cook,
chambermaid, and waitress, and when
one of these poor souls passes away her
history may be sum we 1 up in few words:
"She nursed, made 'tortillas,' and died."
N. T, Timet,
TERMS $1.50.
THE ROCKS PURE GOLD.
A Western Machinist Who Refused
a Great Mine as a Gift.
In one of the side streets near the
Oakland Feny, San Franciseo, there is
general junk shop carried on by one E.
T. Steen, whoso daily struggle for the
mighty dollar is a hard one.
Mr. Stecm makes a specialty of second
hand machinery, in the purchase of
which he travels considerably over the
Californian miuingcounties. Abandoned
or broken down quartz mills and hoist
ing works are his delight.
He is by no means a rich man, al
though he. constantly tells the story of
how lie was offered a large fortune once
as a present, but refused it. It happened
this way:
In part of El Dorado County, called
Grizzly Flats, a mine had been worked
with more jor less profitable results by a
party of Boston Capitalists. These men
hnfl Knent eonsidei-ublft monev in im-
prortng the property, and in tne course
of development had gotten out some
twelve or fifteen hundred tons of ore.
This lay on the dumps.
For one reason or another the machin
ery at the mine did not work satisfactor
ily, and the ore was not crushed. It also
happened that a cave occurred in the
mine shaft, which so discouraged the
Boston folks that they finally concluded
to abandon the property.
The only thing to be done was to sell
tlie machinery for the most money ob
tainable. Mr. Stecn was invited to
make a bid, and he visited the mine
the Mount Pleasant it was called looked
over the machinery, and offered a stated
sum for it, which was at once accepted.
The mine owners offered to tlirow the
mine into the bargain for a few hundred
dollars more, but Mr. Steen wouldn't
have it, remarking: "What on earth do
I want of the mine? I wouldn't take it
as a gift. " This was some seven or eight
years ago.
Mr. Steen then hauled the machinery
away from the property, which after
ward lay idle for some six months or
more, when an expert in the employ of
the same Boston firm happened to visit
the place. He was there to examine and
report upon another mining property in
the vicinity.
The expert, more from curiosity than
anything else, concluded to go over the
Mount Pleasant property to see whether
the ore might not be worked to advan
tage by some new process. He assayed
a sample from the dump and was aston
ished to find the result over ?SbU. J. hat
is, the ore, if this was a fair sample,
would yield $30 per ton. He then made
further assays, with even better results,
and wrote to Boston, stating that it
would pay to put up a new mill on the
property.
After some hesitation this was done
and the ore on the dumps was run
through the mill in less than a month,
yielding about $27,000. Upon examin
ing the mine further it was found that
the cave in the main shaft had exposed a
"chimney" of very rich ore, upon
which the mill was soon set to work.
From this on the mine was systemati
cally worked, and, singularly enough,
the deeper they got the wider and richer
the vein Yecame, and to-day Mount
Pleasant is probably the richest gold
mine in California.
For seven years tha Mount Pleasant
Mine lias yielded a net return of from
$25,000 to $10,000 a month, and there is
said to be ore enough in sight now to
keep the mill running ten or twelve
years more. A million dollars in casn
would not, to use the Western idiom,
" touch one side of the property."
I have often seen the man at the
Mount Pleasant mill after a day's run
take up great iron buckets full of rich
amalgam from the plates and have seen
quartz specimens from the ledge worth
' many hundreds of dollars.
About a year alter bteen naa reinsea
to accept the property I met him one
day in San Francisco. "What is that
rich mine up iu El Dorodo county I
hear so much about?" he asked me.
' The Mount Pleasant," I told him.
" Good Lord!" he exclaimed, "yon
don't say so ?" And then he told me
about his purchase and the attendant
facts as above described. New York
herald.
Big Owl and Little Dog.
Orrin Whipple, of South Albington
township, Penn., saw a huge owi mop
ing on a fence stake in one of his back
fields the other day. Whipple ran to
the house after his gun, and when he
started out with the gun on his shoulder
his little dog Frolic followed him and
legan to yelp. He silenced the dog be
fore he got to where the big owi was, but
the moment he fired and knocked the
owl off the stake Frolic had another fur
ious barking spell as lie dashed at the
owi and acted as though he w as going to
bite his head off.
The mammoth bird was sprawled out
on the ground with a broken wing when
Frolic reached it, and it w as fluttering
and flopping in an endeavor to fly, but
the brave little dog pitched into it and
made a few feathers fly before Mr.
Whipple had a chance to interfere. At
the end of the first bout Frolic began to
howl as though he was racing along the
road with half a dozen tin pans hanging
to his tail, but he wasn't racing at all,
for the big owl had him by the left ear
and he was j'anking with all his might
to get away, and howling ns if his heart
would break. Just ns Mr. Whipple
reached the fluttering and yelping pair,
the owl's sharp bill tore more than one
half of poor Frolic's ear off, and the re
leased cur scampered across the pasture,
howling as he ran, and looking over
his shoulder at every bound to see if he
was in danger of getting any more of
the same sort of torture.
With the exception of the broken
wing the owl had not been injured, and
Mr. Whipple lugged the mad bird home
and put it in a coop. From tip to tip of
its wings it measured four feet three
inches, and it has a face like a eat.
Frolic's ear has healed up some, but Mr.
Whipple can't get the dog to go near
the coop where the owl is.
Style of Pulpit Oratory.
The stylo of pulpit oratory has chang
ed very much iu the last twenty-five
years. Tho conversational tone, simple,
direct, often homely, sometimes even
colloquial, is tho vogue now. The old
style of preaching, with its elaboration of
detail, wit'.i its formal exordium, its nu
merous heads, and its rhetorical perora
tion, would not hold the people nowadays.
What is looked for and appreciated in
the pulpit is a crisp and epigrammatic
style, with an element of newsiness and
freshness about it. Such a style at its
best demands quite as much ability and
culture as the old stjie. Indeed, it really
demands more, for it presupposes the
power to condense a great deal of
thought into a few words, which is only
possible to a high order of intellect. Dr.
Porkhurst and Dr. Paxton, of this city,
are noteworthy instances of this style of
preaching. They both, in an eminent
degree, have the power to put a great
thought before their hearers in a few epi
grammatic sentences, tinged with the
homely vernacular of the peopl". They
might indeed be called pulpit etchers.
The young preacher who wants to learn
the seeret of public success could not do
belte.' than study carefully the methods
of these tw o great pi e'chei's. New JVi
Tribune,
FEROCIOUS ALLIGATORS.
Thrilling Experiences in Georgia'
Oaky Woods District Wild Cattle.
Alligators are quite numerous in the
swamps and ponds in the famous oaky
woods district in the vicinity of Albany,
Ga. Fishermen in their bateaus fre
quently see their black noses protruding
in every direction from the surface of
the water around them. As dusk ap
proaches their bellowing, like the sound
of an immense bullfrog's choruses or
the noise of bulls with a touch of the
epizootic, commences. It is a chorus
by no means reassuring to persons with
timid nerves.
Physicians, in driving through the
swamps, often see them passing the
road, proceeding from ono pond to
another. A doctor not long since had
quite a thrilling experience with an im
mense saurian, which took the road in
front of the vehicle, and disputed his
further progress. This had happened
repeatedly. Horses generally become
unmanageable when confronted by these
hideous monsters. Not long since as
two gentlemen were driving a span, -an
alligator about eight fwt long rushed
directly between the tw o horses. The
animals liecame frantio with fear. The
'gator left Ids singular position and
moved to the corner of the fence, when
one of the gentlemen, who fortunately
had a rifle in the buggy with him, put
out in pursuit, and with a few well di
rected shots placed the reptile hors du
combat. I
One of the most singular experiences
in this respect was that of a large plant
er. While driving rapidly along with a
friend an alligator ran from the side of
the road and viciously snapjiod at the
buggy, catching one of the spokes in his
mouth with a desperate grip. The
wheel' turned over with the alligator
clinging to the spoke. It was thrown,
as the wheel revolved, directly into the
buggy, and beneath the scat" occupied
oy the gentlemen. Jim conifwiuoii
jumped from the vehicle," leaving" the "
gentleman alone in the buggy, with the
horse terribly frightened and the alli
gator pounding under the seat, iu dan
gerous proximity to his legs. As soon
as the horse could be quieted the plant
er leaped out, and with a fence rail soon
dispatched the vicious occupant of the
buggy. He now has a pair of shoes
made from its hide.
A number of little colored boys were
teasing a large babboon the other day,
brought to Albany by a ten cent circus.
The immense monkey stood the annoy
ance os long as Simian endurance could,
until worried lieyond measure, it grasped
a brick bat lying near, and with a well
directed blow flung it at the niest
troublesome of its tormentors. The
babboon's aim was enough to make a
small boy ashamed of himself. The
brick struck the little negro directly be
hind the right ear, knocking him sense
less. It was at first thought that the
little darkey was killed, but restoratives
brought him back to life.
Out in the oaky woods, in tho dense
swamp of the Chickasawatchee a drove
of wild cattle have taken possession.
They feed upon the tender growth ol
the canobrakes. They have bo-jome so
annoying to some of the planters thai
they are preparing to hunt them down.
They make forays upon the growing
crops in the immense fields of corn and
cotton. The highest fences are no im
pediment to them, ns they leap them
with ease and fly at the first approach
of man, seeking the almost impenetrable
denseness of the swamps. Some twenty
five cows have been counted among
them. They are sleek and fat from
good living and are supposed to have
escaped from the farm of a lady in Ran
dolph county, and finding such good
quarters in the swamp, have tasted the
delights of freedom and become wild-
Atlanta Constitution.
A Peculiar Gotham Business.
"While we make a specialty of find
ing owners of money held in chancery,"
said the proprietor of a foreign claim
agency to a New York Sun reporter,
"we transact a groat volume of business
of a private nature for people who are
unable to run over to tho other side.
Many men leave their families and coma
1. iu o.ti tt.irv in f),A ll.ktu. rt lui.n-i'nn
themselves. Other men who Jiuve 7roe-
pered in business are often annoved by
the importunities of poor refutions.
They don't like to see their own flesh
and blood in need while they have
plenty, so they frequently get us to find
out if their friends are really as bad off
as they pretend. Holders of patents are
here almost every day to have us place
their inventions upon the English mar
ket. They always profess to be making
fortunes out of their claptraps, and say
that they would go over themselves ouly
they want to be sure that there is noth
ing of the kind already in the foreign
markets. We don't make much out of
this branch of our business, because tho
American inventor is nearly always
strapped. Teople who want to le dead
headed across the Atlantic give us no
end of trouble. They ore mostly women
who wish to return home, and are will
ing to transact any business wo may
have in consideration of having their
passage paid. Some years ago a woman
came to make arrangements with us to
have her name written in all the fashion
able hotel registers and Inxiks of record
in the historical places throughout the
Continent. She offered us a very fancy
price to undertake the job. While we
were well aware that there were many
shoddy people who were anxious to be
thought visitors to Europe, w e came to
the conclusion that the woman's desires
were too far in advance of the present
day. She assured us, however, that she
knew people who had their names
cabled over among the late arrivals in
Paris and London, to the great envy oi
their friends, while in reality they were
hiding away from their creditors in som
country farmhouse "
Invisible Patches for Shoes.
Procure from the druggist's two ounces
of bi-sulphuret of carbon, put iuto a
wide-mouthed bottle, add to it one-half
ounce of gutta-percha shredded. The
India-rubber is lrequently procurable in
shavings kept for this purpose, iu India
rubber supplies. Shake the bottle often,
until the gutta-percha is perfectly dis
solved; it is then ready te be applied.
Scrape gently the boot or shoe until free
from blacking and the leather slightly
roughened; thin by paring carefully the
edges of the bit of' leather tole applied;
dust with the tiniest mite of finely iow
dered resin, both patch and shoe, spread
a little of the cement well over each;
but little of the cement is needed. The
BUifaces must lie pressed close togethei
and smoothed with a warm iron or spoon.
The parts will adhere firmly in a fe
minutes and may then be worn. A few
hours will le required for the cement tc
harden. It is water-proof; if ni-eb
done, the natch will be invisible and
will probably outlast the shoe a simple
piece of work that may bo done by
lady, or within the compass of a boy oi
girl of twelve vears of ago. It is inex
pensive; a sufficient quantity of virgin
India-rubber may le bought for ter
cents to do the patching of the shoes ol
a family for quite a length of time, nmi
for a nickel or ten cents an ounce tin
bi-sulphuret of carlion. The very dis
agreeable odor of the latter quicklj
evaporates. lndt pendent.
Cunning Ruse to Collect a Debt.
A good stort? is told of a hotel coshiel
who got , 'stuck" with a worthless check,
but succeeded in securing part of tin
amount. He had cashed a check for S7J
for a gentleman who was not a guest o
the house, but was so frequently about
its corridors that he was supposed to In
good for the amount of the cheek. Tin
check came back with the reiort tha'
there were no funds in the bank t
cover it. The cashier tried every cxjmi
dient to get the money out of the nun
who drew it, but without, avail. (Xn
dry ho learned by accident that then
were $60 to the credit of the fellow it
the bank. He quietly went to the bank
and made a deposit of fl5 in the nann
of the man, presented his check and wai
duly paid 75. He was out only $15
instead of 875, and counted himself ex
ceedingly lucky. It is the rule of tin
hotels to cash no checks except for wel
kuown guests, jYeir Ycrk Graphic.

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