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, Advertising Rates. in bukaa) .T7 Tkrw-foartha column (tttt (no """' " m m 'One-third column mi lnha -. M.M 0"Mm columa k InotiM). .. . 40. MM .-m--mi SMI C04UK9 (3W tnoaea) MM V'i"irij-ninl eulnma ( . - - - - J ..ia.m wtUDUIIl lDflBI i - . . - . x i IH lock). farr.Uil trU f . w will b earfi u tel Whl Moth. fjju Cm On buarttom. ' Rnuliar noticm. It emit p Una tek Iniartloa, nt bo . Omnr mad at lma thim (1.00. Frobi ud CommisHioners notice (3 Insertions) S2.r LtvrUun!!. F.alrajn, Ac, (3 Insertions) (l.tt. Li.f kUow iuwiloiu) 10 nuti pel line. THIS LADY OR TUE TIGER. The clock strnck nine, ami Pontifex was studying what to do. Five dollars es his worthy wealth his mar riage Bet for two. ' Which shall it lip?" ht pondered, as with the cash he played : ""The Rirl against my luck at cards the tijjer or the maid ? " Fire dollars pays the parson, but when the knot is tied My rope is run, there's nothing left to give the new-made bride. " But with a glorious winning, called from the tiger's lair, No presents were too handsome to give iny l.idy fair. ' ret, if I lose aye, there's the rub 'tis a far ensier thing The bridiM'Uvt may wait in vain the lover and the ring." "LU"01' '"'k. the fijfer won, and yet I think tiie maid Was happier far than if the jonth in better luck had played. Chicago News. MISS HILDRETH. I must have a peacock. John." said Miss Hildreth, as she met her man ser- ( vant on the lawn. "He would look so finely on the balustrade, with his ! feathers spread or trailing them over ! the greensward. I really must have one, John." j "They ba an awfnl nuisance, marm," demurred John. "They'd never stick to the balustrade. They'd le as hard to manage as children, athat's a fa'. j Miss, put in Jane, the maid, when the ! i. r . . . . i I matter reached her ears. "JLhevIi 1k worse than Mis-s Noyes's guinea hens ' nnd Miss Dunn's rarrot, or them i ciuiareu oi i -arson Miller's 1 never i did see such neglected plagues 83 they ! be," she added irrelevantly. "I i wonder their mother don't rise in hor ; grave. But the loor man what does he know of the cure of babies, with his sermons and his prayer meetings, and I iiis parocniai visits and his poor f tie 3 off to this wedding or that funeral, or ' lie's reading the Word to the sick or I blind. It's a shame there's no women ! folks but hired help, to look after 'em. I tee him myself one dav a-tidvin? of ' AT. - - " .1 1 ' uiem up, ami pinning on ineir Clean pinning on collars wrong side out and upside down I s'pose he was thinking of free will and e'ection, like as not." "I wish him joy of them," said Miss cYudence. " 1 prefer the peacock." The first night after the peacock's arrival, however. Miss Prudence never closed her eyes, or the bird her mouth, so to speak; but when he pranced across the lawn in tho morning light, Miss Prue thought she would lather lose her Bleep than the sight of so much beauty. "Miss Dim says she will have to lay in a stock of chloral and bromide, if you re going to keep the peacock," Jane reported; and Mrs. Noyes her self dropped in to suggest that he could bo killed and st titled. "He'll be (juilo in decorative," said sno "winiout uisuuDinsr the noi;'h bors." Kvory tvra or t.'areo ?.-iys chin woniil appear with tho bird tow, and rmark demurely: cock strav fetch civility would "Am the same Kime dozen "If Oh, I'm Parson Miller's boy. liis son ; "Why, yes'um I reckon so." " I shall have to shut him nn, said Miss Pi-ue. " His traveling expenses ' ed over to Dickens s, and I vo Iron led him with its lam liar adiiross. ,r , . ' . . . . dhim along home," for which Miss Care thought she had secured " ' n V - ' ' k e sundry p.eces of small change : her. e.f for all time by burning I ru.i s . , . bo disbursed. letter, but sue tossed the rong cnvei- i . , . n, rDa w . a t, ,, , TOQ d who are yon?" she asked when j opo into the gra'e. Austin Miller had ; ,,,,.,, ,vn ' " fi, youngster had performed tho ; livo.1 his sorrow over again after this d.s i wi . -L o . ' f1lof A benevolent service souio half- i covory; he had walko.l with it and ; . iio. '. . , . , ... ' na times- - - I wrestled with it without getting nearer ! . ,-'.. ,, 'n ' will ruin me." i flvo years too late; ho said nothing of Br this time the poor bird had lost j jetty's siiare in tho matter, bnt Prn jnuch of its tine tail fenthers in the pro denco nnderstood all. 'I'hcso memorie:i cess of being run down by tho Miller J had been revived by Pruo's hasty note brothers and their contemporaries, and j asking him to forgive tho children for presented a ragged appearance which j breaking up the pea lion's nest Her went to its owner's heart. So ho was : children, too! Ho was at tho point of snutup in a temporary pen till ho ! carrying the note to his lips when his should learn better ways; but Miss Pru- eyes fell upon his sermon, "The Mis dence, going to look after him ono j tikes of a Christian," and lest this afternoon, found the two Millers inside should be one of them he threw it into the pen chasing him about to display j the waste basket. He looked at the his plumage, while their little sister i clock ; he had been idle two who'o stood outside and clapped her hands ! hours " Of what was he thinking ?" and with a crowd of other children stxid ; peeping oetween uie siais. " What are you doing, children?" she cried. " Oh, we've been reading about pea cocks, and they need exercise,' von -h-safed the eldest Miller. "It seems to me that yon need a stick," said Miss Prue. "Father don't approve of whipping," chirrupped the youngest; "do you, father (" Aud Miss Prue lifted her eyes and met those of Rev. Austin Miller, which wore a startled, perplexed expression, while the color palpitated across his face. "My children have annoyed you," ho said, with tho hesitating tone which begged to bo gainsaid. "They hivo only anoyed tho iea cock," answered Miss Prue, dropping hor gaze, and' llushing rosy red in her turn. "I came in search of these rogues," ho went on. "Bridget was sure they woie in some misiuiicf -I did not expect to find yon. "No, of conrso not," said Miss Prue, in a voice studiously matter of fact. "I haro read, somewhere," the lie v. Mr. Miller pursued, ''that tho only real happiness which ever arrives to us i . i . i i i springs up quite unexpectedly in our j paw it is not tne result 01 search. 1 : dropped the thread 01 my sermon, against my wi 1, at a critical point to ninlr nn r'nftoA tilfla follra livu mu re war J. "You are very easily satisfied. returned Miss Prue, in the same remote l i voice. She was hardening her heail . against the persuasive tones which had ! once been like the music of the spheics to her. "No, I am not easily satisfied. I have never been satisfied with myself with some hasty actions of my own, I should say. Miss. Prudence, you have never forgiven rno?" ho spoko half-ques tioningly, as he would faiu be contra' dieted. "I never thought of it as anything to forgive," she said, and her voice melted and broke a little in spite of herself. "It was so long ago," a little proudly, as if she would not let him suppose that it signified. "I see now that the fate of providence was kinder to us than I believed. I don't think 1 was intended for a domestic life," as her eyes loll upon the three harnui scarnm children in their torn frocks and mischief the children who might have been her own but for their mother's double deal ing. Austin Miller smiled a little sadly as his glance followed hers. "They are torments to the neighlois, I fear," he said, "but they are all the comfort I have," holding a hand to thfcm. "Come, children, make your bow to Miss Hildreth, and tell uer yon are sorry." "But we are not a bit sorry," said little Amy. "The peacock is so Iteauti ful wo are glad wnoomnd. We mean lo do it again." "Truth is no longer at tho bottom ol n well," said Miss Pruo, with ical mile dimpling her fsoo as aha said VOL. XVII. NO. If Deaeon Brickett could have seen the manuscript of Mr. Miller's sermon as he reflected in his study that evening he would have supposed that the words, "Come again, dear dream," scraw'ed on the margin referred beyond a doubt to the dream of Jacob when he saw the angels of God ascending and descend ing "Them there Miller boys be enough to drive you to glory nn' no mistake," declared Jane a few weeks later. "I wouldn't be their mother no, not if you'd give 'em to me." "They're not mine to give," said Miss Prue. "What have they done now i" "Done? They've gone and broke the pea hen's eggs, to see the little pea cocks, sure's you're alive. They ex pected to find em full-fledged, long tail aud nil. Amy's gone home crying." "And where nre the boys ?" "Mr. Miller, he's going to send 'em to bed without their supper, and serve 'em right. Their mother's shirked all the bother of 'em, sure enough J" "Without thoirsupper poor things !" cried Miss rrue. "Why, Ha only 3 o'clock of a summer's day. I remember when I used to be sent to bed by day light when I was little and naughty, and it always seemed to me a horrible injus tice. Jane, run over to the parsonage, and tell Mr. Miller he will do me a favor if he will " "Baste "oui soundly," put in Jane. ".lane t how inhuman ! He will do mo a favor if he will let them oft' this time." ".Now. Miss True, if you'd write it yourself sure's you live excuse me. miss but 1 ain't got the face to carry that i there message " And it so happened that j the liev. Austiu Miller found himself dreaming ovor a perfumed note, in his ! s'udy. while his sermon lay forgotten ! before him--lreaming of the fii.t note fifteen , ..... n. .. i 'r P.. , T ;:' . i which started out from some hidden i corner of his brain, where they had been sleeping unknown to him, dream ing oi i no ttewy evenings in uio rose garden of the old parsonage, where lie studied divinity and she taught I he children their A B C's; of Sundays, when they snn" together in the choir; of their stroll liome through the green, sweet men tod lanes. He wondered if. itnlee.l, ho was the hero of those dreams, if lie had over been so happy. The first parting, the first estrangement, wrung liis heart anew, as if they had happened only veslentav. What a fixilish thin: their little quarrel looked like to day t II - 1 I- l seen by tho li:dit of years ami know! edge ! Yet lie had been the first to make an overture toward reconciliation, thank God ! If she accepted his ovi-r ture she was to write a-id say so, bnt n word had come to h m in reply. What hours of dark suspense lifted their shailows before him; how tho whole woild had seemed bleak and unprofita ble without her. And in a season of weakness, when his wouuded heart could Irear no more, ho had accepted the sympathy and comfort nearest at hand, aud had finally married Ijetty V'Sirew Kiecnust? ue juveti iiini, limy i; .,.. ,, f. , ., .,, J 1 wake up one day to liud that he owed -i i .i i i i- 1. all his unhappiness to her. Miss llil- dretli had indeed answered, had LMven ; l vt.lv tho letter to mail they hail lieen ' iritim.-ilt! friend. in those days, in ! 1 1 listed with each othor'H heart beat j itiiif fclt.v had detained the inissivo thnt Years after it tumbled 1. : 1 1 1 I v ..appM.esa, u . .uu. : tn? Iik mind ro ilo Wllhollt It. i - ! f But he had thought it due to Prudence llildietli to send her word thai by " accident her letter had como to hand he asked himself, " where was ho drift- . . "Yourpca out of a drawer of od letters, and con- " ' " I i 1 . i . , m iniiiiniii. ituii nv li .v i. niv tu luiiwn ing? an auiio.uted priest the example , c,mnr,Cfl indicated conclusively the pres and counsellor of sinuers ( At least ho , enco of cavbonio acid Raa As animaig could go and thank Pruo with a clear j in goncmi ftro )ow in tlie and hol(1 conscience; as for the children, they tltoir heads down they undoubtedly feel wore already in bed, technically speak j ani, R1,lor froln t,K. 0ire..tg of the poison mg, and having such a capital piuow; light that they agreed to get into mis chiof every day of their lives and bo punished. After that Mr. Miller often found himself dropping in, on one pretext or another, at Tho Elms. To ask Miss Prue to play over the air of somo new psalmody, that ho might join in tho conirreeational sinking : to lend her I It... Int. .of t.1 11 mn rt w I i nri rna t!if-ilnlii 10 beg advice nwtuuio ciuuiicn. oomo j Minus .,. .......i. . ...g...( ....v,. " J j infants with their brown hands full of ; peacocK leatners ana uie r nuie Hearts full of impcniteiHie. They and the peacock were now the best of friends ; 110 ato from their hands and endured their pelting, which was much like pun ishmcnt, witli heroism ; if lie stayed away they limited him out ami brought him home in triumph. "Those children might as well live here," said Jane. "And their father, too," added John. It is true the Miller children were a great deal at TI10 Elms, and gave their father frequent excuse to follow thorn; au1 it j true there were few congenial souls in the parish and village, and and what so natural as that he should sua more or less of his pleasant lie. eh bor. with whom he could journey back I to the past? Indeed, they never talked j .f t.n.1n or lo. morrow it was alwavs ' y0f,terday whose praises they sang, whoso Hk:..H tiiev extolled, whose pleasures I 1 they novated. He was nothing like a j ! I 4.. I... n . .... 4 !n .....firi ... fr ! luvur, ui in? null;, cAucjf. v-.v,, j ..... . niitoui.. v..c&au. ji..u u.. ...i. her society, and yet ifc was a happiness ; of the trio is Annie Louise Harrington, to Prue to see him there, to kuow that j whose weight is thirty-one and one he would come to morrow. It was to j fourth ounces, and a healthy, fully ward night on one summer day that j formed, cheery infant at that, with a Miss Prue, looking out of tho law n, J where tho shadows of the leaves were dancing, saw Mr. Miller no nn usual sight coming toward her door. lie had been out of town a whole week on business. Bridget ha 1 confided to Jane that he had "gone away suddin' after a telegraph in a yaller wrapper come for him;' but he had been at home seveial days without darkening, or, to express her feelings better, illuminating Miss Piue'sdoor. Naturally, she wondered what his errand had been; if he had had a call to leave the parish, and at that thought her heart stood slill. "You have been away," she said, after the first greetings. 1 " Yes. I hope you did not suffer i from an invasion of young Millers during I my absence." "We met but we missed yon," she admitted. "I hope your vooatiou was a rest and a relation to you " My jonrney was not a pleasure trip, i we, ho s.iid. ' My wife died sud j rrne, denly at the asylum on the Mb of tho month -" "Your wile!" rjnsped Miss Prnee. "Your wife died -on the fith of the month? I thought Austin Mr. Mil lerI thought blm bad beeu dead years npd jearBl" 27. MORRISVILLE AND HYDE "I thought you knew," he returned. "I thought everybody had heard it ; it was too sad a story to rehearse often or needlessly, it was in all the dailies at the time. You must have been abroad then. Amy was in her cradle when Letty left me eloped with hor musio teacher. Two years ago she went to the asylum, mad as Hamlet. Prue, Prue," he cried, " do yon think I have hidden anything from vou? Is not the loss of fifteen years' happiness enough. Shall her ghost divide us still " And I have been loving another woman's husband all this time," she said, moving away from him Heaven only knows how far her Puritan con science would have carried her, but just then Jane burst into the room, crying "It's little Tom Miller the peacock fell iuto the river, and Tom jumped in to save him and the bird's safe but Tom the cramp took him John's brought him up to the bank " And then Jane fainted away. It was hours before consciousness returned to 3nstor 'JVni, nnd weeks before the roof of The Elms could be exchanged for that of the parsonage, owing to a fever which succeeded. Air. Miller and Miss Prue passed many a watchful night at his bedside, and many a day of sicken ing dread; but it was a year and better before a wedding which had been be lated fifteen years took place at The Elms. Xew York Graphic. A VALLEY OF DEATH. A Ravine in Yellowstone Park "Which is Fatal to Animals. Animated and exaggerated descrip y- taowu1 uS, Vkllov tions of a mysterious opeuinsr in the r "cntli, have occupied considerable space in the papers of the country. George D. McCrearv, Vice President i of the Market Street National Bank, I who has just returned from a visit to j the great National Park, said yesterday: i I can tell you a good deal about the subject which has really not been brought out or published, and my in forma nl, is no less a person than Prof. Hague, who himself discovered the Valley of Death, so called. Our party spent some time camping out there. Vo had heard considerable about the valley in quest:on, and one clay we came across Prof. Hague, who is in charge of the national geological survey of the Yellowstone Park, who, with his survey ing parly, was encamped at the Yellow slime Lake. We asked him about the mysterious valley of which we had heard so much, and his story in substance was as follows : " 'There is a valley or rather a ravine of that kind whidi is undoubtedly death to nnima's, and under some circum stances to man hinise'.f,' said the pro fessor. ' 1 know it, and for the best of reasons ; I myself discovered it. It was under these circumstances. In com pany with my corps I was exploring the I ark, and we suddenly came across , 111 i-i ,3 a deep and dark ravine which we had ',. . , . never before noticed. A little distance 1 away there stood a huge bear, and no . matter how easy it may look on paper to tackle one, in reality it requires con j sidoialilo coolness and strategy. We , laid our plans, therefore, and disposed ; oiirsttilvroi n?c!ri7incr to the bent-known rules of strategy, dis.Tctiou being by no it up. We then searched carefully in .. 1 . - - . J the ravine, and soon found bones m ar0 numtr,, . some vei-y large, indi- catiner the presence almost of prehistoric I animals, while numbers of bones of ! ordinary sizes abounded on every side. I We came to the conclusion that, there i must le a poison of some kind in the , ravine, as there seemed no other way to . account for tho animals' death, so we ; returned to the camp to procure the J means of discovering if such were the ; fact. Supplying ourselves with litmus paper, we again entered the ravine and followed it up. As we held the litmus paper high or were at certain altitudes no change was noticed, but when lower down or when the paper was placed near the ground it showed at once the eflVvtR nf nnisnn nnil lv ifa flianiinnl vlierft n human being standing erect ! would not. Of course there is no vege i tation of any kind, and it is simply an 1 arid surface. A better name for it would bo the "Valley of Bones," for it isfull of them, and were it not for the Winter snows nnd the Summer storms which wash them away the bones and skeletons in the ravine would be simply innumerable. "Such, in substance," said Mr. Mc- Creary, "was tho Professor's statement to our party, and vou can rest assured that nono f ns ,noullt it would be a wjse thi fo take hi afternoon nan there anil give somebody beneath a chance of promotion." Philadelphia Enquirer. Smallest Baby in the Land. South Boston, Mass., has produced some wonderful midgets within the past year. Only a few months ago there diod at Washington Village probably the smallest infant that was ever born alive in that section. It weighed less than a pound, and was the child of Mrs. Chni les Shfvpavd, whose husband was an employe of the city. The child was so small that its hand could be passed through a small finger ring. Mother and child are both dead. Another midget, which weighed about four pounds, was the progeny of a Mr. and Mrs. Murphy, in the lower portion of 41, n PaninDiil.i 1 1 1 1 1" rli nmwid boisterous set of lungs. This baby s father is the cousin of Charles Shepard, who was the father of the Washington Village midget, now deceased. Annie Louise was born three weeks ago. It is one of twins, the other was liorn dead. The little one has been sick only two days since its birth. It has a luxurious growth of black hair and blue eyes, ft nurses regularly, but has not increased a fraction of an ounce in weight, the mother says, since its birth. The baby is aliout ten inches in length, with tho tiniest of limbs, pink with health. The mother says that she is always fearful when she bathes it. "That is the most trying moment to me,"slie continued, "I am so afraid that it might break it." The parents, Margaret Harrington and John A. Harring ton, have been married for eleven years, and have had e'even children. The smallest, except Annie Louise, weighed nine jionnds. They have living at present Fred, eight years old ; Charlie, mo year and eight mouths, ami Annie liiiise. Mrs. Harrington is a large, powerful woman, while her husband is of slender bui'd, though of excellent physique ml exceedingly strong. He works as a helper on an ice team, New York Sun, THE JOKERS' BUDGET. JESTS AND YARNS BY FUNNY MEN OF THE PRESS. No Agents Luck How He Pre ferred Her Albert Edwards' Re markKnew Too Much. WITAT HE WAS. Yowler I don't know whether I am an attractive man or not, but to-day I had at least fifty ladies wave their hand kerchiefs at me on the street Howler Oh, you must be a flirt 1 Yowler No, I'm a horse-car con ductor, and these ladies wanted to get on my car. Lawrence American. WANTED THEM SEPARATE. "See here, my good lady," said Bach elor Tompkins, coming down stairs, after his first night at his new boarding house, ami feeling ns if he had been sleeping on the sidewalk, "haven't you a dining room '" "Certainly, sir, this way, if you please. " "But when I asked yon to furnish me with bed and board 1 didn't suppose I'd havo 'em both in my own apartment." Detroit Journal. A HAM MATTIvn. "There's one thing that's hard to un derstand." "What is that?" "Why, it is that in this era of trusts it is so extremely hard lo get trusted. Merchant Traveler. - A MARTYR TO PrjTV. Mother (suspiciously) If yon haven't been in swimming, how did your hair get so wet ? Little Dick That's perspiration runnin' away from bail boys wot wanted mo to disobey yon an' go in swimmiu.' New York Weekly. NOT TnE ONE SHE WANTED. Dealer What kind of a novel wou'd yon like? Here's one that has been well received by tho critics, and they all say that it is a book thai eoiy ono ought to read. Young lady That is just, tho liook I ! don t want. Have you nny that tho public is advised not lo read (Omaha World. First Trnmp-Ronio folks is bora lncky. Kom'ber Hill Soaks ) Second Tramp Yen. l-'iist Tramp lie got inlo Rweipior's browery the other night an' was drowndod in a beer vat. I New York Weekly. NKBVOtiS AND TENDER-HEARTED. "Conductor, what was that?" asked a nervous old lady as tho wheels of the coach mailo a little more jar than usual. "We wont over a few frees just then. ; ho replied. ".Most bkolv squashed the poor things, j L .1. - .. 1 l I . - . ' too, sue sain wuu a ircmor in tier voice. IIarjn:r'8 Itazar. NO AfiPNTS. Mr. Wayside T. Kaveller Cn yon give me .sometiiin lo eat, rnarlaiii f I Aunt Martha (at:nkft -( Jo 'loilR with ' yon ! It iHti't fivo utiiiiito.'f siuco nuothcr tramp was hero. ' Mr. Wayside T. llaveller You do not suppose, madam, that 1 am one of j his agents, come to imposn Umui you a second time ! No, indeed ; 1 make this re juest iu my individual capacity. j VEUAOIOUS HOOMKRS. j Slnmper Just got back from Kan-1 sas, havo you i Well, how does the j land lie out there ? I Slimpor Not half so bad as the ' boomers do. Lend mo a dime, will yo.i ; Lawreuco American. I KNEW TOO MUCH. I Bobby My papa's richer'n youm. Tommy -Don't care, mine knows more; mamma told him yesterday he knew too much. NOT THAT VARIETY OP BULB. "Oh, I am the flower that blooms in the spring," sang an intoxicated indi vidual as he lay on the sidewalk. "Y'bn don't seem to possess the self raising qualities," said the cop who gathered him in. Charleston (S. C.) World. TUEY ARE HOLLOW. There is probably just as much real sincerity in tho kisses which the crowned heads are exchanging over in the old country ns there is in the kisses which tho women exchange who haven't seen each other since yesterday. Burling ton Free Press. albert Edward's remark. Gazzam Do yon know the favorite ! remark of tho Prince of Wales? McCorklo No; what is it ? Gazzam It's a long time between coronations. Life. no i "You look positively happy, Do'ly." "Negatively happy, my dear. I have just rejected Tom Barry." ANTICIPATED HIM. Fond Father Sir, my daughter is the apple of my eye. She shall con tinue under her father's wing. Von Ga'l Thanks. I was just going to speak about that. Can you give ns the northwest wing. Epoch. IN DANGER. Boy Mamma, am I made out of onions, sage, sorrel and bread-crumbs ? Mother Mercy, nol What do you mean f Boy Johnnie Jones said he was going to knock the stuffing out of me. AN INTERESTED DECISION. Bev. Primrose You have a very kind father, little boy. I heard him say it was a shame to punish children. Little Johnnie He only says that vhen ma does the licking. Drake's Magazine. A PRETTY DECEIT. When maidens greet Upon the street. Exchanging love and kibscs, too, You must admit, At sight of it, Now, " Here's a pretty how-de-do." 1.1'hiiudelplna fress. COLD FACTS. The girl for whom vou rink your life lly plunging in Uio water, Is sure lo lie another's wile. And not a rich mini's daughter. SLY. Alonzo You know how passionately fond of s:uokiug 1 used to be but now my wiTe can not tolerate smoking in the house. Kudolpho My wife wouldn't have it either at first; but I had her picture limited on my pipe from a photograph, and ever since sho fills my pipe regular ly herself. jWusp. PLEASURES OF THE IMAGINATION. Jaw-kins It's time to begin to think of Fall clothing. Jack Borrowit Yes; and that's about as far os .Il ever get in the matter. HOW HO PREFERRED HER. Mrs. St iggers - We are to have dear mother for dinner, James. Stiggers All right, Sea that sho is thoroughly cooked, Life. ft M AND VERMONT, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER BUYING BECAME EXPENSIVE. Mrs. "Dashley My love, I wish yon would leave me a little pin-money this morning. Mr. Dashley Didn't I give you $50 pin-money last Monday ? Mrs. Dashley Oh, well that was last Monday. Mr. Dashley And 875 pin-money on Wednesday. Mrs. Dashley Yes, but Mr. Dashley Well, I guess hereafter I'll buy your pins myself. America. HE UNDERSTOOD THOROUGH IS. Omaha Teacher Iiwonld like some one of tho class to define the meaning of vice versa. Bright Boy It's sleeping with your feet toward the head of the bed Omaha World. 4 V IT AD TO CHANGE TnE SUHJECT. He (trying to start the conversation.) I hear that another comet has just been discovered. Sho (a Boston -eyty!;,, xgsrT--L you can easily find it with a small tele scope, such as everyone has nowadays, It is now about .r hours CI minutes right ascension, and about 15 degrees north declension, with a ictrogrnde nio tion of nearly one minute per day in right ascension. Are you interested in astronomy ? He (floundering around mentally.) TJm er yes; but I prefer base ball. What de you think of the lioston team this year i BEGAN TO DOUBT 11111. "Y'ou doubt me!" ho exclaimed. "Have I not told yon ovor and over again that I loved you aud you only ; nnd did I ever yet tell you an untruth, Kathcrino '(" "would that T could have absolute faith in you," she replied, stifling a sob ; 'but but I heaid you tell Uncle that you ouco caught a brook trout that we:ghed three pounds ami six ounces." and tho tears flowed down her fair young face, while he tapped the ground with his feet, and solemnly gazed o'er the wide blue sea. A REVISED SENTENCE. Magistrate Bogers, yon were very drunk last night. Ninety days. Pogers Ycr Honor, I was only half drunk. Magistrate My, my, is that so! well, forty-livo days, then. Kochcster Post Express. CONSCIENTIOUS. Mr. Arthur Wadley Wouldn't you like to join iu a little game of pokah at our cabin to night . Blud Meservo What's th ante ? Mr. Wadley Five cents. Blud Meserve -Say, young fellow, T never insulted a dock of cyards yet, an" 1 ain't goiu' ter begin now ! Puck. DOING HIS PRETTIEST. Mr. Budworthy Bather clever fel low, that young Dudelong, don't von think? Miss Tewstnles -I really couldn't tell. Ilo scarcely uttered a word the whole time he was here. Mr. Bud worthy -Sly dog I He knows when ho is at his best. I'uck. A WOMAN COBBLER, A Daughter of St. Crispin Working at l ho Bench. Cau you toll me where Mis. Gill lives, litt e girl (" was the question a New York Press reporter naked yesterday of a flaxen-haired urchin in Mulberry street, after ho had spent a fruitless hour in search for that lady. " Yrou mean Mrs. Gill, the shoemaker, do you ?" replied the urchin, and when the reporter said that was tho very per sonago ho was looking for, the child pointed down the street, indicating where the only woman (shoemaker iu New Yoi k was lo bo found, Tho reporter had little difficulty in reaching Airs. Gill's little cobbler's shop in one of the tenements iu the rear of old St. Patrick's Cathedral. There was little to distinguish il from the ordinary cobbler's stall, except, perhaps, an un wonted tidiness and a pretty ornament here aud there that at once bespoke a woman's taste. Mrs. Gill herself rose from her cobbler's bench, whore she wns busily engaged in mending a pair of child's shoes, to greet too reporter, aud when he said he only dropped in to have a quiet chat with her she wiped a stool with the corner of her apron and asked him to be seated. He saw in this one brief moment that Mrs. Uill was a wimian that might bo possibly 50 years or ago, gray-haired and pleasant-faced. She vas evidently quite ready for a chat, and began by say ing that she had been told sho was the only woman shoemaker of the old school in New York, or perhaps, the whole United States. Sho saui she wouldn't vouch for this being absolutely true, but, however, she had never heard of any other woman following tho trade at the bench. " Of course," she glibly taked on, with very little prompting, " thorn are hun dreds of women working in tho modern shoe factories, but any of them would be insulted if they were called shoe makers. Now, I glory in being a mem ber of St. Crispin's 'gentle craft,' and, though the shoemaker of tho olden time has long sinco been pushed to the wali by modern inventions, I. propose to stiok to the bench to the oud.'' "Were yon regularly apprenticed to the trade?" ven lined the reporter. 'I was bom It it," 'HfVililllM imadi'T1 the old woman. "My lather was a shoe maker of Northampton, England, when it was the great shoe 'emporium of the old country, and I learned the trade as naturally as a duck takes to the wal.i-r. I watched my father by the hour, and when he saw what 'a taste I had for leather ho fostered it more to humor ino than in any hope that 1 would ever mas ter the craft But I did. ami bcfoio I was 14 years of age I made a pair of shoes for my mother that I don't think 1 could bettor now. When I was o'd enough I went to work in a factory in Northampton at shoo fitting, and I worked in Massachusetts factories after my father came to this country in 1W18. I have been working here nearly ton years nnd have all that I can do, as you may see,," and the old woman swept the little shop with a wave of, her sturdy arm. "My work is the ordinary run of work done in any cobbler's shop. I repair men's women's aud children's shoos, and may say 1 have the entire mending of the neighborhood to Jo. Sometimes, perhaps from curiousity, I have a call from a fine lady to mend her own or her children's fine shoes, and I have never had any one to fiud fault with my work." Cleauing TJp the Volunteer. The British yachtsman's soniecrow, the American Volunteer, is now hauled out on tho railway nt Lawley's basin being cleansed. She has been lying iu the basin since last fall, and Gen. Paino has deoided to haul her out and hav her repainted. This is ilono for the pur pose of keeping her in good order. After she is painted nnd overhauled, she will be put in the basin for tho lost of the summer. The plating on the Volun teer is in excellent order, and she looks as if she would last many day. Last week a party from Washington Terri tory visited Lawley's yard, for tho ex press purpose of seeing the Vpluntoer. I I 'II il II iJ ORIGIN OF SLANG. HOW SOME POPULAR PHRASES CAME INTO BEING. Pat Epression3 Which. Found Favor and Still Stick When " Chest nuts," " Boom," " Too Thin," "Daisy" and Other Words Started. This may be called asre of s'anar. But afte in one sense the all what is called slang is fie jueutly the giving of a new meaning to old words or the invention of new words from old roots. The slang of to-day becomes the elegant language of to-morrow. It is interesting to note how many of the commonest words and even phrases which were once regarded as slangy nnd inelegant became part of the polite language of the times. Words, like lives have a biography. Many words, indeed, have histories which are histories of important persons -M,.--T-..i7i..fR ; -i-.iftti.irs of the world. This makes the history of a word often as interesting and as valuable as that of individuals. " Dun " is a word now whose meaning is known to every one who understands the English language. Too many wish they did not know it. Yet at the begin ning of this century it was unknown as a verb. About that time a constable in England named John Dun became cele brated as a first class collector of bad accounts. Wben others would fail to collect a bad debt Dun would be sure to get it out of the debtor. So well known did this become that people from the surrounding country sent him their ac counts when they could not collect them. It soon passed into a current phrase that when a person owed money and did not pay when asked, he would have to be "Dunned." Hence, it soon became common in such cases to say, " You will have to Dun so-and-so if you wish to collect your money." Until the nomination of Franklin Pierce for the Presidency the word "out sider" was unknown The Committee on Credentials came in to make its re port and could not get into the hall be cause of the crowd of people who were not members of the convention. The Chairman of the convention asked if the committee was ready to report, and the Chairman of the committee answered: "Yes, Mr. Chairman; but the oommit tee is unab'.e to get inside on account of the crowd aud pressure of these out siders." The newspaper reporters, ever ready to appreciate a good word or phrase, took up the word and used it Since then it. has been a common word, and we could not do without it. "Boom," in its new sense of meaning a popular clamor for a man, or for any question or movement, is a recent word being first used as such in 18t:0. Grant was being run for a third term. This brought out a bitter opposition, even among Republicans. One paper said the movement was like a boom across a swollen stream, taking in all that was worth having. A St. Louis pav.er took it up, and said the third term movemen t was properly called a boom, as it raked in everything on the top of the muddy stream of politics, mostly trash and s tum. This gave a now mean ing to the word. Since then it has b.-en in common use as imeh. l 'he tout." in refiiroiu.o t.o vepea; '"H Stories which are old, is a new word, ami not much cau lie said in its favor, except that, being a word that is not in elegant either in sound or origin, and expressing so much in two syllables, it has probably como to stay with us. Its origin is not positively known, and only two probable sources are given. One is that some shrewd wit, seeing an analogy botween the propensity of a joke to be came s'ale and flat quickly and the chestnut to become wormy in a few days, applied the word "chestnuts" to a joke when repeated too often and palmed otf as new on a company which had heard it so frequently as to become bored. This may be its origin, but I a-n inclined to attribute it to ti e othr alleged source to wit: that a theatrical party traveling on a train, and trying to beguile the weary hours by read ng and telling stories, bought a lot of chestnuts at a station to help pass the time. A member of the company proposed that they te l stories, and' that whoever told a story that had been to"d recently should be pelted with chestnuts. A little bell in the party was to be rung when ever a stale joke was perpetrated as a signal that all were to fling a chestnut at the offender. This is said to be the origin both of the phrase and of the chestnut bell craze which raged over the entire country four years ago. "Yon are a daisy" is considered very slangy by those who use it indiscrimin ately; and, oftentimes, it is. But if used in the sense in which its inventor, if I may so speak of a word, Charles Dickens, intended it, it is a good and forcible word. In "David Copperfield" it is first used in the sense of calling a person a daisy in a way to express admi ration, and, at the same time, to laugh at one's credulity. Steerforth says to young Copperfieid : "David, my daisy, you are so innocent of the world. Let me call you my daisy, as it is so refresh ing to find one in these corrupt days so innocent and unsophisticated. My dear Copperfield, the daisies of the field are not fresher than you." Hence, when conveying the idea that a person is ni t less and innocent amid a skeptical and scheming condition of society, to nv ' "You are a daisy" is not slang. It is forcible and elegant. The same passage gave us the oilier word, meaning the same thing, though sounding a little harsher, "fresh." We often hear the expression, "Yon are too fresh." This, too, was origina'ly meant by Dickens to mean an innocent ignorance of the ways of the world. It was so used by Steer forth in reference to David Copperfield. But when used to mean that a person is impudent or forward, as is too fre quently the case now, it becomes slang, as such a meaning is in reality senseless. 'Too thin" is a two-worded phrase heard in a'l classes of society. By some it is used in a vu gar sense, and is ob jectionab e slang; by others it is used in the manner which gave it to us as a good word. To say, when speaking of an no lion, "Oh, tha1; is too thin," is vu'gar slang, because an ac.ion can noi be thin. But to say, when a person makes a s atement ca'eu'ated to mis lead, "Oh, that is too thin," is n it slang. It was given currency by the Hon. Alexander II. Slephens.of Georgi i, in the Uni ed Sta es Congress in INTO. Some member had made a reply to Mr. Stephens, and the latter had his chniv wheeled out in the aisle and said in that shrill, piping voice which a' ways com manded silence: "Mr. Speaker, the gentleman's arguments are gra ui Ov.s assertions made out of whole cloth. And cloth, sir, so gauzy and Ihin tha P will not ho d Mater. It is entirely too thin, sir." Brother Jonathan," as a name for the United S a'es, is much older than this, and was gien by Washington him self, though that individual ha 1 no idea of making a s ang phrase for a name to his couniry at the time. Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of Connecticut, furn:shed the slrugg.ing Colonial army with funds and supplies on many an occasion. One time the army was in sore distress, and a eonsulta'ion whs he'd. In the midst of it some one wondered what would be done. Washington answered: "Well, we'll have to put it off 1i 1 we can see Brother Jonathan," as Governor Trumbull was called; "he will help us out, I guess." And he did, and ga e his name to the country his zeal, and patriotism helped to save. -1 12, 1889. Thus it is that words are made and phrases take en a new meaning. In this manner the language progresses by accretion, as it were. Such words as take new meanings from a custom are usually from the common people; that is, from those who are not scholarly. It is in this way that o'd wordsdrop outor take new meanings and lose their old ones, and new words take their place. At first most of them are slang. One of the best words we have is "agnos'ieism," yet its inventor Prof. John Tyndall, the great scientis'; says that when he used it he had no idea that it would be used again, or that he would be under stood in using if. He could find no o'her, he says, fo convey an idea of his religious belief in answer to some churchmen that he tell what he d d believe. Hence he invented "agnosti cism." meaning "the unknowable." It is only about fifteen years old. Pitts burg Dispatch. A FIVE-DOLLAR TRICK. How a Clever Philadelphia Trickster Fleeced a Crowd. "You see this dollar ?" said one of a company of men in front of a rosewood bar in one of the leading hotels in Phil- , adelphia, and he handed a dollar to one of the group, who examined it and passed it around among the company. All decided that there was nothing unusual in its appearance unless it was counter feit "No, it's not counterfeit," said the first speaker, "but I will let you take that dol'ar, spin it on the bar. I will turn my back, and will tell you whether it turns head or tail. "Impossible," said one of the doubt ers, unless you use a looking-glass." "No, I don't use anything, and I'll bet drinks I'll tell it every time." "Done," said the doubter. The nian turned his back to the bar, the coin was spun, and, as it settled, he called out: "Heads !" It was "heads." "Make it three out of five times for another round," said another of the group. "Certainly," consented the stranger, accommodatingly. Again the coin spnn around and "tails" was called. The third time it turned "tails," and a third time the stranger "called." "I can keep it up all night, gentle men," he said, smilingly. The drinks were paid for and the t-tranger under the genial influence of the liquor and the urgent requests of the company, said: "I don't often give my tricks away, but it wtll leak out sooner or later. You see, gent'emen, the coin on the 'head' siile is nicked very slightly with a knife, the nicks being about an eighth of an inoli apart The nicks are so small as to be scarcely perceptible. When you spin the coin, if it turns on the nicked side it sett'es quickly, whereas on the other side it slowly settles, taking fully twice as long to 'die' as on the other side. By the difference in sound, you see, I can tell which side turns up, or, rather down. It's all told by sound." The coin was handed around and spun ncaiu, and what the stranger said proved tvuf, inuc-.li t tlio cto.ipjlit of tho group, who were glad, apparent'y, as is usually the case, to get hold of a trick which at first seemed so inexplieab'e. "There, fix me a dollar that way," said one of the group, handing out the money, and the other four requested a like favor at the hands of the stranger, who taking out a penknife obligingly did as reduested. Then, bidding them a polite good-night, he gracefully retired, leaving the group spinning their coins. Suddenly one of them picked up his dollar, examined it, and quickly flung it on the bar, the sound given out being the unmistakable dull, dead sound of a counterfeit "Done for $5," said he, as he looked ruefully at tho door where the stranger had disappeared. "Well, we've learned a trick well worth a dollar, said another philo sophically. Philadelphia Enquirer. Fishing With Purse Seines. Purse seines, says the Washington Star, are used extensively in the mack erel and menhaden fisheries on the Atlantic coast When a school is sighted boats put out from the fishing schooner and circling about the fish run out a great wa'l of netting, which can be drawn together at the bottom like a purse so as to hold the fish. In the mackerel fisheries seines as much as 225 fathoms in length and 25 fathoms in depth are used. Cork lines and buoys are used to float the upper part of the net on the surface while the lower part is held down by a lead line. It requires considerable skill to fish successfully with the purse seine. As the schooner 6ai!s over the fishing gronnds a man is pos'ed at the mast head to keep a lookout for schools of fish or any movement on the part of other vessels indicating that they have sighted fish. When the lookout shouts that he has sighted a school, he gives directions how to s'eer the vessel, and all i3 bustle on board. The members of the crew jump to their places iu the seine boat which is towed astern or at the side of the schooner. The captain takes his place on a platform in the stein of the boat where he can steer and direct the operations of the crew. He has to calculate the speed at which the school is moving and have his boat rowed so as to intercept them and cut them off with his net. A little dory with two men aboard follows the seine boat and picking up a line at tatched to the buoy where the ne i: first doopped into the water, holds it ii place until the seine boat has rowed around a wide circle and back to the dory. Then the men tug on the ropes that purse the seine and the net is gradually taken in, the part in the water being diminished in size until there is nothing left but a little purse filled with fish which are bailed out and taken to the schooner. When the men put out a net the captain and all the crew leave the schooner except the cook, who has to sail the vessel andoften get dinner at the same time, duiding his time between the wheel and the cook's galley. It is among the vicissitudes of a fisher man's life to have to eat a burned din ner. Until a few years ago such fishing was done only in the day time, but the competition led to fishing at night, so that the crews nre worked almost con stantly. At night, too, fish rise to tho surface that remain far below in tho day time. Their presence is betrayed by the movement of phosphorescent particles in the water. When the same boat goes out ai; night, the attending dory carries a light so the captain can see how to steer his boot so as to com plete the circle. A Chicago firm has patented nn in vention which "competent judges say will revolutionize the tin and steel in dustries of the world," a process by which molten metal may be rolled into any desired shape, "thus saving nil in termediate proce-ses." As stated in this paper some mouths ago. it was in vented originally to roll molten golden into tin plates, but tho process is pro nounced by experts to be equally ap plicable to iron and steel in its various forms of plates, structural iron and rails. TERMS $1.50. AN INDIGO FACTORY. INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT INDIGO-MAKING. Visit to the Bealing-Vats Natives Waist-Deep in Liquid Indigo A Curious Experiment. Tn relating some of his experiences during a fourteen-huudred-mile bicycle vide from Lahore to Calcutta, India, Thomas Stevens, in Youth's Companion, says: "One morning I arrived at a great indigo factory situated near the road. Not far from the factory was the commodious bungalow of the planter, an English gentleman, Mr. T , who had hail many years' experience as an indiKO-phinter. As I dismounted Mr. 'f came out and promptly invited mo to remain with him ns long ns I saw (it The heat was terrific, and as I was curious to see somethinirof lndigo-mak- mg, I readily accepted his hospitality for tho day. We nrsl visneu me oeut-in-ats. in each of which about twenty naked natives stood waist-deep in the liouid imlico. These wcro tho beaters. Each man was armed with a long wooden spade, and they were flinging into the air streams of indigo, which dashed overhead, and splashed about the vat and over the. boaters in showers of foam and smav. This brintrs about a chemical transformation. The fluid, as it comes from the stalks and leaves of tho plant, is of a greenish color. Tho wild work of the beaters changes the lint into a beautiful deep blue by oxy genation. At tho same time that it r.haiiAs in color the dye stuff held in solution granulates and settles to the bottom of the vats. When the beaters have thoroughly performed their work they climb out, of tho vat aud allow the contents to settle. "Mr. T led the way to tho farther end of the row of lieating-vats and showed mo one of them which had been settling for an hour. ' Hero, you see, ho said, 'now it is settled , tho liqu id has cl iiiuged color agaiu from blue to a smoky green. Except that it is somewhat clearer, it looks about as it did before the beaters began to work on it' " The foreman now came and removed a plug from a hole in tho wall. The green liquid gradually ran to waste, ami there was revealed at tho bottom of the vat a thick, pulpy sediment of blue. This was tho indigo. Men now came with oarthenware jars, which they filled and carried off to the boiling-room. Here the indigo was strained through wire sieves of lino mesh, to remove all impurities. After it has been strained, the soft blue mass is poured into big iron kettles and boiled for two or three hours to evaporate the moisture and further granulate the indigo. It is then dumped into presses and subjected to heavy pressure by means of lever and screw. The presses are square iron boxes, perforated liko a colander nnd liuod with press cloths. By this process all tho remaining water is forced out that can bo removed by pressure. The indigo is turned out of the presses in dark blue cakes, which arc of about, the consistency of a bar of soap. Then it is cut. up into commercial squares and im tiioshocI wil'u the stamp of tho factory, riio en.koa are tliM vetwoved to tle dry ing house, a large, niry shed, provided with tiers of open shelves. Here they remaiu for two or three months until they are thoroughly dry, and are then nacked in boxes and shipped to market Tho chief Indian emporium for indigo is Calcutta, whence it is shipped to for eign markets. "Now come this way,' said Mr. X -, alter we had visited the boiling and drying-houses. I want to show you something interesting.' Saying this, tho indigo-planter led the way to a set of vats similar to those wo had already seen, but elevated so that tho liquor could be drained from them into the beating vats. " 'These,' he said, 'are the fermenting-vats. Now sco !' " Mr. T produced a match from his pocket, and lighting a stalk of dead in digo plant, he cast it, flaming, into one of the vats. The gases that were escap ing from the fermenting mass of leaves and stalks ignited with a sharp report, and for an instaut a bluish flame spread all over the vat. The experiment was repeated at tho next vat with similar results. In these formcnting-vata tho indigo plants are packed tighly in lay ers, as they arrive in the bullock-gharries from the farms. Porous frames are laid on top, aud the mass is pressed or weighed down. Water is then pumped in with a Persian wheel, and the plants are allowed to steep. " Fermentation soon commences, and in a few hours tho vats are bubbling and seething to the rim. This continues for twelvo or fourteen hours, when the fermentation gradually subsides. The water is then run off into the beating vats, to be manipulated in the manner I have described. "Of late years many improvements havo been introduced into the manu facture of indigo. Much of the beating is now dono by machinery, which does the work more thoroughly thnn it can bo done by men. A special kind of yeast-powder is used to stimulate and increase tho fermentation, and another preparation aids in the precipitation of the indigo after beating." Statistics of Railroad Accidents. Statistics collected by the State Bureau of Statistics of Labor and Indus tries show that of about OO.OtXJ.OOO pas sengers carried on the New Jersey rail roads last year only 171 met with acci donts, 21 of which proved fatal, the rest being made up of 10S slight and 42 moro or less severe injuries. Tho casu alties lo passengers are, however, only a small f i action of the total oi accidents, which this year reached 1,407 tha larg est number yet reported. Of these, 320 wero fatal accidents, and 478 rosulted in severe injuries. Employees are tho greatest sufferers. Last year 810, over one-half of tho accidents, happened to them. Of these 103 proved fatal. Among train and track hands, one out of 21S is killed, and one of 2tJ injured. Tho uuinboi' of accidents, though not as great as in the early days of railroading, is increasing, and is now four times what it was in lh78. Jersey City nnd the Newark "meadows" have the most accidents. New York Post. A Bottled Sunshine Crank. Bottled sunshine is tho hobby of a man who has been postering tho Patent OHico officials and several patent attor neys in Washington for several days past Ho is a littlo fellow from out West somewhere, nnd gives his name as Edward Hertzlierg. I met him in the Patent OITice, and nt once came to tho conclusion that he was cranky on tho subject of light and heat He carries about with him a wooden box, which is supposed to represent in minluturo a great storage tank for tho reception of sunshine. The inside of tho box is curi ously arranged with mirrors and bright pieces of tin. "You see," lm said, "my idea is (o first gel, the sunshine into n tank nnd then keep it busy by means of n scries of mirrors so urrnnged that the sunbeams will dart ir.nn one to another and thus retiiii their brilliancy until the time arrives lor using the illumina tion furnished by them. Keop a sun beam busy and it will ronniij intact for a long time." N, V. Star, NOTES AND COMMENTS. Judged by the record of its first sis months the year 188'J bids f;iir to be re memliered as the year of disaster all over the world. During the month of January there were no serious railroad wrecks'except tho collision on the New York, Pennsylvania & Ohio railroad, in which eight persons were killed and as many more serious'y injured; but there were fifteen marine disasters, involving a loss of 1C5 lives. February and March also were singularly free from railroad disasters, but tho marine losses in Feb ruary were 284, an increase of 119 over January. During the same month 20 persons lost their lives by a railroad di aster in Belgium, 10 by a wind storm in Nebraska, 23 by the terrible hotel fire in Hartford, Conn., 200 by an earth quake in Costa Pica, 13 by a cyclone in Georgia, and 11 by a powder explosion in Wilkesbarre, Pa. In March the marine losses further increased toS.'d, the number lieing swelled by the 14(i sailors of the German and American war vesse's who wero drowned during the hurricane at the Samoan Islands. In May the floods began their work of death and devastation. The first intel ligence came from Austria and Bohemia, where 135 lives were lost. The consum mation was in the Conemaugh Valley cn the list day of the month, when nearly 5,000 persons perished and $10,000,000 worth of property was des troyed. The mouth was characterized by a frightful series of disasters. Thirty persons were kil'ed by an accident on the Pennsylvania road nt Latrobe, 70 by a lailroad disaster at Armagh, Ire 'and ; 1,200 by a fire in China, 40 byj falling mnrket building in Mexico, 70 by a mine disaster in Austria, and 70 by a cyclone in Cuba. July well keeps up the record with railroad, mine and storm disasters. Altogether during thefirst six months of the year nearly 15,000 lives were lost in disasters of all kinds. Besides the loss of uropeity involved in these disasters, lire has swept away property amounting to over 8U,lHJ0uw in value in the United States. It adds to the mournful record of the six months that suicides, murders, hangings lynch ings and crimes of all kinds have also shown a marked increase over the cor responding period for many years past Russia is making an attempt to got hold of the trade in salt pork, which is a new export for that country. Papers on the curing of pork, ham and bacon are be'ng read at different towns by ex perts who have been sent abroad to study the subject. "TheoreticaHy," says the English Consul at Taganrog, " this new industry seems easy to introduce, but its establishment on a practical basis in South Eussia is doubtful. The econ omic conditions of the inhabitant's must first be raised considerably before any care will be bestowed by farmers on cattle, which at present nre sadly neg lected and misernb'y fed, as is shown by the meat selling in the market Reports show that the trial shipments of salt pork, twenty-three railway wagon loads, made from E'.etz were very successful, but later exports from other places left a margin of profit, which will alone deter Russian traders from ser iously taking up this branch. According to Sir Spencer Wells, the Eractice of cremation is on the increase, n Rome the number of human bodies creamated had increased from 11!) in 188(5, and 155 in 1887, to more than 200 in the past year. At the Woking Cre matorium, in England, the number of cremations has been 30 since that method of disposing of the dead had been authorized by Parliament. Sir Spencer Wells holds that it will be im possible to prevent the spread of a num ber of our most terrible diseases, includ ing consumption, diphtheria, scarlet fever and cholera, if burial in the earth of the bodies of those who fall victims to such ma'adies is continued, and that onr cemeteries, in fact, by preserving the germs of seeds of such diseases, are nurseries lor their perpetuation. There has been a greatly increased consumption of silk in China, officially attributed to the largo quantity required for court use on the occasion of the young Emperor's marriage in February last. In a proclamation lately issued the aol'm t f lovovnor of the roviuc.o ol liinng-BU demmiv es the custom of wear ing expensive silks and satins richly embroidered on the neck nnd sleeves. He warns the young men that if they Are iound iiressea in ways iorbiuden v the sumptuary laws they will be arrested and punished. "The mashers who parade a street in Shanghai where native restaurants abound," says the British Consul-Ueneral, "make it al most ns gay as the tulip beds in our public gardens." Speaking of handshaking at the White House, a correspondent says : " The duty fa!ls heaviest on the Presi dent and his wife, and the wife of the present President has wisely concluded to make a bold break for freedom. Mrs. Harrison, it is said, will henceforth dis pense with the handshaking feature at her receptions. Her decision will un doubtedly call down criticism, some of which will be adverse, but this is the fate of all reformers, and, fortuuntely for her, no one is so well fitted for such a fate as the present mistress of tho White House." Tire forty-third annual report of the Commissioners in Lunacy for Great Britain contains interesting figures. On New Year's Day last there were in tho kingdom 84,340 insane persons. Vari ous cans- s of insanity nre sot forth in a table covering 13t!,478 cases. Of theso 9,5011 persons lost their reason from domestic trouble, 8,0(50 from "adverse circumstances," 3,278 from overwork and worry, 3,709 from religious excite ment niid 18,290 from intemperance. The influence of heredity was ascertained 5n 'h.'i;3 cases, and congenital defect in 5,881. Ijike all modem fads, the building of high towers seems destined to develop into a cra-re. The great success of M. Eiffel in Taris has set the world agog. Even staid old London now comes to the front with a proposition to build a tower 2,000 feet high, or more than twice the height of the Eiffel tower. Varions American cities, including New Y'ork, are discussing the tower problem as gravely ns if the future importance of a city were to depend ou the nearness to the clouds of its towers. The American people, as a rule, are intensely practical, but they have a vein of sentiment in their natures, aud once in a while it crops out. It cropped out in the Washington constutional convention, when the members, having finished their labors, plucked the feath ers from an eale nnd made themselves pens with which to sign the momentous document Denmark for twenty-five years past has spent 50,000 yearly in the main tenance of dairy schools. As a result of the training the butter makers have received at this tchool, the butter of tho country has so much improved in qual ity, that within twenty years Denmark's exports of butter have increased from $2,100,000 to $13,090,090 per annum. Again the wicked Eng'ish sparrow is attra 'ting the indignant attention of the country. A good many newspapers are dis ussing tho ways and means of des troying the birds, but Forest nnd St 'eam avs that the sparrow can only lie exterminated by a c moorted attack upon him in a'l parls of the United States and Canada. To Insure Good Vinegar. The recent law to prevent deception in the sale of inegar is boiii'i cdlcd to the notice of dealers, and the New York State Dairy Commissioner proposes to enforce tho statute. Aoiording to the law as passod by the Legislature, no person shall manufacture, sell, or offer for snle any vim-gar which shall not have nn acidity equivalent to tho presence of a least 4 per cent, by weight of absolute aeetio acid. No one is al lowed to sell any vinegar in imitation or semblance of cider vinegar which i not cider vinegar, or vinegar 0 uitaining any preparation of lead, copjwr, sul phuric acid, or other ingredients in jurious to health, livery manufacturer is required to 'abel kegs or bane's ol vinegar with lis name nnd place "I business. A fine of $100 is the penalty for violation of tto law, New York Times.