News and Citizen
MORRISVIULE and HYDE PARK,
Thursday, February 26. 1891.
PLAGUES OF THE CITIES
ABLE SERMON DELIVERED BY DR.
T. DE WITT TALMAGE.
Tlio Full Title of the Series, of AYhicli
This Discourse Is One, Is "The Ten
Plasties of the Three Cities," and Gam
bling Is Touched on This Time.
Kew Yohk, Feb. 22. A decided sen
sation was produced in this city and in
Brooklyn today by Dr. Talinage's an
nouncement of a series of sermons
which he proposes to preach on "The
Ten riagues of These Three Cities."
In this sermon, which is the first of the
series, ho pays his attention to the prev
alent curse of gambling. He preached
it in tho Academy of Music in Brook
lyn in the morning, and again this
evening at The Christian Ilerald serv
ice in this city. His text was taken
from Ex. ix, 13, 14: "Let my people go
that they may serve me ; for I will at
"this time send all my plagues.''
Last winter, in the museum at Cairo,
Egypt, I saw the mummy or embalmed
body of Pharaoh, the oppressor of the
ancient Israelites. Visible are the very
teeth that ho gnashed against tho Is
raelitish brick makers, the sockets of
the merciless eyes with which he looked
upon the overburdened people of God,
the hair that floated in the breeze off
the Red sea, tho very lips with which
he commanded them to make bricks
without straw. Thousands of years
after, when the wrappings of the mum
my were unrolled, old Pharaoh lifted
up his arm as if in imploration, but his
skinny bones cannot again clutch his
shattered scepter. It was to compel
that tyrant to let the oppressed go froe
that the memorable ten plagues were
Sailing the Nile and walking amid
the ruins of Egyptian cities, I saw no
remains of those plagues that smote
the water or the air. None of the
frogs croaked in the one, none of the
locusts sounded their rattle in the other,
and the cattle bore no sign of the
murrain, and through the starry nights
hovering through the pyramids no de
stroying angel swept his wing, but there
are ten plagues still stinging and befoul
ing and cursing our cities, and like
angels of wrath smiting not only the
first born but the last born.
Brooklyn, New York and Jersey
City, though called three, are practi
cally one. The bridge already fasten
ing two of them together will be fol
io w ed by other bridges and by tunnels
from both New Jersey and Long Island
shores, until what is true now will, as
the years go by, become more em
phatically true. The average condi
tion of public morals in this cluster of
cities is as good, if not better, than in
any other part of the world.
Pride of city is natural to men in all
times if they live or have lived in a
metropolis noted for dignity or prow
ess. Caesar bcasted of his native Rome.
Lycurgus of Sparta, Virgil of Andes,
Demosthenes of Athens, Archimedes of
Syracuse, and Paul of Tarsus. I should
suspect a man of base heartedness who
carried about with him no feeling of
complacency in regard to the place of
his residence, who gloried not in its
arts or arms or behavior, who looked
with no exultation upon its evidences
of prosperity, its artistic embellish
ments and its scientific attainments.
THE P1UDK OF CITY.
I have noticed that men never like a
place where they have net behaved
well. Men who have free rides in pris
on vans never like the city that fur
nishes the vehicle. When I see in his
tory Argos, Rhodes, Smyrna, Chios,
Colophon and several other cities
claiming Homer, I conclude that
Homer behaved well. Let us not war
against this prido of city, not expect to
build up ourselves by pulling others
down. Let Boston have its Commons,
its Faneuil hall and its magnificent
scientific and educational institutions.
Let .Philadelphia talk about its mint
and Independence hall and Girard col
lege and its old families, as virtuous as
When I find a man living in one of
thos; places who has notliing to say in
favor of them, I feel like asking him,
"What mean thing did you do that
you do not like your native city?" New
York is a goodly city, and, when I say
that, I mean tho region between Spuy
ten Duy vil creek and Jamaica in one
direction and Newark flats in the
other direction. That which tends to
elevate a part elevates all. That wliieh
blasts part blasts all. Sin is a giant,
and he comes to the Hudson or Con
necticut river, and passes it, as easily
as we step across a figure in the' carpet.
The blessing of God is an angel, and
when it stretches out its two wings one
of them hovers over that and the other
In infancy the great metropolis was
laid down by the banks of the Hudson.
Its infancy was as feeble as that of
Moses sleeping in tho bulrushes by the
Nile, and, like Miriam, there our fathers
stood and watched it. The royal spirit
of American commerce came down to
the water to bathe, and there she
found it. She took it in her arms, and
the child grew and waxed strong, and
the ships of foreign lands brought gold
and spices to its feet, and stretching it
self up into the proportions of a mo
trpolis it has looked up to the mount
ains and off upon the sea the mighti
est of the energies of American civiliza
tion. The character of the founder of a
city will be seen for many years in its
inhabitants. llomulus impressed his
life upon Rome. The Pilgrims relaxed
nt their hold upon the cities of New
England. William Penn has left Phil
adelphia an inheritance of integrity and
fair dealing, and on any day in that
city you may see in tho manners, cus
toms and principles of it3 people his
tastes, his coat, his hat, his wife's bon
net and his plain meeting house. The
Hollanders still wield an influence over
SEW YORK A GRASD CITY.
Grand old New York! What south
ern thoroughfare was ever smitten by
pestilence when our physicians did not
throw themselves upon the sacrifice!
What distant land has cried out in the
r.g;ny of famine and our ships have not
put out with breadstuffs! What street
of Damascus or Beyrout or Madras
that has not heard the step of our mis
sionaries! What struggle for national
life in which our citizens have not
poured their blood into the trenches!
What gallery of exquisite art in which
our painters have not hung their pict
ures! What department of literature
or sciences to which our scholars have
not contributed !
I need not speak of our public
schools, where tho children of the cord
wainer and milkman and glassblower
stand by the sido of tho flattered sons
of merchant princes; or of the insane
asylums on all these islands, where they
who went cutting themselves among
tho tombs now sit, clothed and in their
right minds; or of the Magdalen asy
lums, where tho lost one of tho street
comes to bathe the Savior's feet with
her tears and wipe them with the hairs
of her head, confiding in the pardon of
him who said, "Let him who is with
out sin cast the first stone at hex."
1 need not tpcali i the institution:
for tho blind, tho l:imo, the de:if ana
the dumb, fcr tho insurables, the
widow, tho oiphan, and tho outcast,
or of the thousand-armed machinerj
that sends streaming down from th
reservoirs the clear, bright, sparkling
God given water that rushes through
our aqueducts and dashes out of the
hydrants, and tosses up in our fount
ains, and hisses in our steam engines
and showers out the conflagration, and
3prinkles from the baptismal font of
our churches; and with silver note,
ind golden sparkle, and crystalline
ihime, says to hundreds of thousands
jf our population, in the authentic
vords of him who said, ' 1 will : be thou
All this I premise in opening this
jourse of sermons on the ten plagues
of these three cities, lest some stupid
man might say I am depreciating the
place of my residence. I speak to you
today concerning the plaguo cf gam
bling. Every man and woman in this
house ought to be interested in this
THE PLAGUE OF GAMBLING.
Some years ago, when an association
for tho suppression of gambling was or
ganized, an agent of the association
came to a prominent citizen and asked
him to patronize the association. He
said, "No, I have no interest in such
an organization. I am in no wise af
fected by that evil." At that very time
his son, who was his partner in busi
ness, was one of the heaviest player. in
Hearne's famous gambling cstablish
Ushment. Another refused his patron
age on the same ground, not knowing
that his first bookkeeper, though re
ceiving a salary of only a thousand dol
lars, was losing troin fifty to one hun
dred dollars per night. Tho president
of a railroad company refused to pat
ronize tho institution, saying, "That
society is good for the defense of mer
chants, but we railroad people are not
injured by this evil," not knowing that
at that very time two of his conductors
wero spending three nights of each
week at faro tables in New York. Di
rectly or indirectly, this evil strikes at
the whole world.
Gambling is tho risking of something
more or less valuable in the hope of
winning more than you hazard. The
instruments of gaming may differ, but
the principle is the same. The shuffling
and dealing cards, however full of
temptation, is not gambling unless
stakes are put up ; while, on the other
hand, gambling may be ca rried on with
out cards or dice, or billiards or a ten
pin alley. The man who bets on horses,
on elections, on battles tho man who
Seals in "fancy" stocks, or conducts a
business which hazards extra capital, or
goes into transactions without founda
tion, but dependent upon what men
call "luck," is a gambler.
Whatever you expect to get from
your neigiioor witnout ottering an
equivalent in money or time or .skill is
either tho product of theft or gaming.
Lottery tickets and lottery policies
come into the same category. Fairs for
the founding of hospitals, schools and
churches conducted on tho raffling sys
tem come under the same denomina
tion. Do not, therefore, associate gam
bling necessarily with any instrument
or game or time or place or think the
principle depends upon whether you
play for a glass of wino or one hundred
shares of railroad stosk. Whether you
patronize "auction pools." "French
uiutuals" or "book making," whether
you employ faro or billiards, rondo and
keno, cards or bagatelle, tho very idea
of the thing is dishonest, for it pro
fesses to bestow upon you a good for
which you give no equivalent.
EIGHTY illLLIOS DOLLARS EVERY DAY.
It is estimated that every day in
Christendom eighty million dollars pas3
from hand to hand through gambling
practices, and every year in Christen-
dom one hundred and twenty three
billion one hundred million dollars
change hands in that way. There are
in this cluster of cities ubout fight
hundred confessed gambling establish
ments. Thero are about three thou
sand five hundred professional gam
biers. Out of the eight hundred gam
bling establishments, how many of them
Jo you suppose profess to bo honest?
Ten. These ten profess to be honest
because they aro merely the ante
3hamber to tho seven hundred and
oinety that are acknowledged fraudu
lent. There aro first class gambling estab
lishments. You go up the marble
stairs. You ring the bell. The liver
ied servant introduces you. Tho walls
are lavender tinted. The mantels are
of Vermont marble. The pictures are
"Jephthah's Daughter," and Dore's
"Dante's and Virgil's Frozen Region of
Hell" a most appropriate .selection,
this last, for the place. There is the
roulette table, tho finest, the costliest,
most exquisite piece of furniture in the
United States. There is the banquet
ing room where, free of charge to the
guests, you may find the plato and vi
ands and wines and cigars sumptuous
Then you come to the second class
gambling establishment. To it you are
introduced by a card through some
roper in." Having entered you must
either gamble or fight. Sanded cards,
dice loaded with quicksilver, poor
drinks, will soon help you to get rid of
all your money to a tune in short meter
with staccato passages. You wanted
to see. You saw. The low villains of
that place watch you as you come in.
Does not tho panther, squat in tho
grass. Know a can wnen lie sees it
Wrangle not for your rights in that
place, or your body will be thrown
bloody into the street, or dead into the
You go along a little further and find
the policy establishment. In that place
you bet on numbers. Betting on two
numbers is called a "saddle;" bettinsj
on three numbers is called a "gig;" bet
ting on four numbers is called a
"horse," and thero aro thousands of
our young men leaping into that "sad
dle," and mounting that "gig," and be
hind that "horse," riding to perdition.
There is always one kind of sign on the
door "Exchange," a most appropriate
title for the door, for there, in that
room, a man exchanges health, peace
and heaven for loss of health, loss of
home, loss of family, loss of immortal
soul. Exchange sure enough and in
MEN CAN GAMBLE WHERE THEY LIKE.
Men wisliing to gamble will find
places just suited to their capacity, not
only in the underground oyster cellar,
or at the table back of the curtain,
covered with greasy cards, or in the
steamboat smoking cabin, where the
bloated wretch with rings in his ears
instead of l'fia nose deals the pack and
winks in the unsuspecting traveler
providing fi-ee drinks all around but
in gilded rtarlors and amid gorgeous
A youngman, having suddenly heired
a large property, sits at the hazard table,
and takes tip in a dice box the estate
won by a 'father's lifetime .sweat, and
shakes it f'.nd tosses it away. Intem
perance .-.on stigmatizes its victim
kicking htu out, a slavering fool, into
the ditcli or sending him, with tho
drunkard. hiccough, stasrfrerins ud the
ro his family lives. But gam
i not in that way expose its
cover it 1
inbler may bo eaten up by
era passion, yet you only dis
tho greed in his eyes, the
f his features, the nervous
;s, the threadbare coat and
I ins embarrassed business, let ho is on
tho road to hell, and no preaclrcrs
voice or startling warning, or wife's en
treaty can make him stay for a moment
his headlong career. The infernal spell
is on him ; a giant is aroused within ;
and though you bind him with cables,
they would part like thread; and
though you fasten him seven times
round with chains, they would snap
like rusted wire: and though you piled
up in his path heaven high Bibles, tracts
and sermons, and on tho top should set
the cross of the son of God, over them
all the gambler would leap, like a roe
over tho rocks, on his way to perdition.
Again, this sin works ruin by killing
industry. A man used to reaping
scores, or hundreds, or thousands of
dollars from tho gaming tablo will not
be content with slow work. He will
say, "What is tho use of trying to
make these fifty dollars in my store
when I can get five times that in half
an hour down at 'Billy's' i" You never
knew a confirmed gambler who was in
dustrious. Tho men gien to this vice
spend their time not actively employed
in tho gamo in idleness or intoxication
or sleep, or in corrupting new victims.
This sin has dulled the carpenter's saw,
and cut the band of tho factory wheel,
sunk the cargo, broken tho teeth of the
farmer's harrow, and sent a strango
lightning to shatter tho battery of the
philosopher. The very first idea in
gaming is at war with all the industries
ITS MIGHTY LEVER.
This crime is getting its lever under
many a mercantile house in our great
cities, and beforo long down will come
tho great establishment, crusliiug repu
tation, homo, comfort and immortal
souls. How it diverts and sinks capi
tal may bo inferred from some authen
tic statement beforo U3. The ten gam
ing houses that onco were authorized
in P;ms passed through the banks
yearly three hundred and twenty-five
millions of francs. Where does all the
money come from ? Tho whole world
is robbed ! What is most sad, tliere
aro no eonsolanons for the loss and
suffering entailed by gaining.
If men fail in lawful business God
pities and society commiserates, but
where in the Bible or in society Is there
any consolation for the gambler ? From
what tree of the forest oozes there a
balm that can soothe the gamester's
heart ? In that bottle where God keeps
the tears of his children are there any
tears of the gambler? Do tho winds
that como to kiss the faded cheek of
sickness, and to cool tho heated brow
of the laborer, whisper hope and cheer
to the emaciated victim of the gamo of
hazard? When an honest man is in
trouble ho has sympathy. "Poor fcl
low!" they say. But do gamblers
come to weep at the agonies of the
In Northumberland was one of the
finest estates in England. Mr. Porter
owned it, and in a year gambled it all
av.k,y. Having lost tho last acre of the
estate, he came down from the saloon
and got Into his carriage ; went back,
put up his horses and carriage and
town house and played. He threw
and lost. He started home, and in a
side alley met a friend from whom he
borrowed ten guineas; went back to
the saloon, and before a great while
had won twenty thousand pounds. He
died at last, a beggar in St. Giles. How
many gamblers felt sorry for Mr. Por
ter? Who consoled hiin on the loss of
his estate? What gambler subscribed
to put a stone over the poor man's
grave? Not one!
Furthermore, this sin is the source of
uncounted dishonesties. The game of
hazard itself is often a cheat. How
many tricks and deceptions in the deal
ing of the cards ! The opponent's hand
is oftentimes found out by fraud. Cards
are marked so that they may be desig
nated from tho back. Expert game
sters havo their accomplices, and one
wink may decide the game. The dice
havo been found loaded with platina,
so that "doublets" como up every time,
These dice are introduced by the gam
biers, unobserved by honest men who
come into the play ; and this accounts
for the fact that ninety-nine out of a
hundred ho gamble, however wealthy
they began, at the end aro found to be
poor, miserable, ragged wretches, that
would not now bo allowed to sit on the
doorstep of the house that they occe
In a gaming house in San Francisco
a young man having just come from
the mines deposited a large sum upon
the ace and won twenty-two thousand
dollars. But the tide turns. Intense
anxiety comes upon the countenances
of all. Slowly the cards went forth.
Every eye is fixed. Not a sound is
heard until tho ace is revealed, favor
able to the bank. Thero are shouts of
"Foul!" "Foul!" but the keepers of
the tablo produce their pistols and the
uproar is silenced, and tho bank has
won ninety-five thousand dollars. Do
you call this a game of chance? There
is no chance about it.
FRAUDS IX ORDER TO GET MONEY.
But these dishonesties in the carry
ing on of the game are nothing when
compared with the frauds which are
committed in order to get money to go
on with tho nefarious work. Gambling
with its greedy hand has snatched away
the widow's mite and the portion of the
orphans, has sold the daughter's virtue
to get the means to continue the game,
has written tho counterfeit signature,
emptied the banker's money vault and
wielded the assassin's dagger. There is
no depth of meanness to which it will
not stoop. There is n o cruelty at which
it is appalled. Thero is no warning of
God that it will not dare. Merciless,
unappeasable, fiercer and wilder it
blinds, it hardens, it rends, it blasts, it
crushes, it damns. It has peopled our
prisons and lunatic asylums. How
many railroad agents and cashiers and
trustees of funds it has driven to dis
grace, incarceration and suicide!
Witness years ago a cashier of a rail
road who stole ono hundred and three
thousand dollars to carry on his gam
ing practices. Witness forty thousand
dollars stolen from a Brooklyn bank
within tho memory of many of you,
and the ono hundred and eighty thou
sand dollars taken from a Wall street
insurance company for tho same pur
pose! These are only illustrations on
a large scale of robberies every day
committed for the purpose of carrying
out the designs of gamblers. Hundreds
of thousands of dollars every year
leak out without observation from the
merchant's till into tho gambling hell.
A man in London keeping ono of these
gambling houses boasted that he had
ruined a nobleman a day; but if all
the saloons of this land wore to speak
out they might utter a more infamous
boast, for they have destroyed a thou
sand noble men a year.
Notice also tho effect of this crime
upon domestic happiness. It has sent
its ruthless plowshare through hundreds
of families, until tho wife sat in rags
and tho daughters wero disgraced and
tho sons grew up to the same infamous
practices or took a short cut to destruc
tion across tho murderer's scaffold.
Homo has lost all charms for the gam
bler! How tamo aro the children's ca
resses and a wife's devotion to tho gam
bler! How drearily tho lire burns on
tho domestic hearth! Thero must bo
louder laughter, and something to win
and something to lose; an excitement
to drive the heart faster and fillip the
blood and firo tho imagination. No
home, however bright, can keep back
tho gamester. The sweet call of love
bounds back from his iron soul, and all
endearments are consumed in the flame
of his passion. The family Bible will
go after all other treasures aro lost, and
if his crown in heaven were put into
liis hand ho would cry: "Here goes ono
more game, my boys! On this one
throw I stake my crown of heaven."
A young man in London on coming
of ago received a fortune of one hun
dred and twenty thousand dollars, and,
through gambling, in three years was
thrown on his mother for support. An
only son went to a southern city ; he
was rich, intellectual and elegant in
manners. Bis parents gave him on his
departure from homo their last bless
ing. The sharpers got hold of him.
They flattered him. They lured him
to the gaming tablo and let him win
almost every time for a good while.
and patted him on the back and said.
"First rate player." But, fully in their
grasp, they fleeced him, and his thirty
thousand dollars were lost. Last of ail
he put up his watch and lost that.
Then he began to think of his home,
and his old father and mother, and
A LAST LETTER.
"My Beloved Parents lou will
doubtless feel a momentary joy at the
reception of this letter from tho child
of your bosom, on whom you have
lavished all tho favors of your declin
ing years. But should a feeling of joy
for a moment spring up in your hearts
when you should have received this
from me cherish it not. I have fallen
never to rise. Thoso gray hairs that I
should havo honored and protected I
shall bring down with sorrow to the
grave. I will not curso my destroyer,
but oh ! may God avenge tho wrongs
and impositions practiced upon the un
wary in a way that shall best please
Him. This, my dear parente, is the
last letter you will ever receive from
mo. I humbly pray your forgiveness.
It is my dying prayer. Long before
you have received this letter from me
tho cold grave will havo closed upon
me forever. Life to me is insupport
able. I cannot; nay, I will not, suffer
tho shame of having ruined you. For
get juid forgive is tho dying prayer of
your unfortunate son."
The old father came to tho postofflce,
got the letter and fell to the floor. They
thought he was dead at first, but they
brushed back th white hair from his
brow and fanned him. He had only
fainted. I wish ho had been dead ; for
what is life worth to a father after his
son is destroyed? When things go
wrong at a gaming table they shout
"Foul! foul!" Over all the gaming
tables of tho world I cry out, "Foul!
foul ! Infinitely foul !"
Shall I sketch tho history of the
gambler? Lured by bad company he
finds his way into a place where honest
men ought never to go. He sits down
to his first game, but only for pastime
and the desire of beingthought sociable.
The players deal out tho cards. They
unconsciously play into satan's hands,
who takes all tho tricks and both the
players' souls for trumps ho being a
sharper at any game. A slight stake is
put up just to add interest to the play.
Game after game is played. Larger
stakes and still larger. They begin to
move nervously on their chairs. Their
brows lower and eyes flash, until now
they who win and they who lose, fired
alike with passion, sit with set jaws and
compressed lips and cliuohed lists, and
eyes like fire balls that seem starting
from their sockets, to see tho final turn
before it comes; if losing, palo with
envy and tremulous with unuttered
oaths cast back red hot upon the heart
or, winning, with hysteric laugh
"Ha! ha! I have it! I have it!"
A few years havo passed and he is
only the wreck of a man. Seating
himself at the gamo ere he throws the
first card, ho stakes the last relio of his
wife and tho marriage ring which
sealed the solemn vows between them
The game is lost, and staggering back
in exhaustion ho dreams. Tho bright
hours of tho past mock his agony, and
in his dreams fiends with eyes of fire
and tongue of flame circle about him
with joined hands to dance and sing
their orgies with hellish chorus, chant
ing "Hail! brother!" kissing his clammy
forehead until their loathsome locks.
flowing with serpents, crawl into his
bosom and sink their sharp fangs and
suck up his life's blood, and coiling
around his heart pinch it with chills
and shudders unutterable,
Take warning! You are no stronger
than tens of thousands who have by
this practice been overthrown. No
young man in our cities can escape
being tempted. Beware of tho first be
ginnings! This road is a down tirade,
and every instant increases the momen
tum. Launch not upon this treacher
ous sea. Split hulks strew tho beach.
Everlasting storms howl up and down,
tossing unwary craft into the Hellgate.
I speak of what I have seen with my
own eyes. I have looked oil into the
abyss, and I have seen the foaming,
and the hissing, and the whirling of the
horrid deep in which tho mangled vic
tims writhed, ono upon another, and
struggled, strangled, blasphemed and
died the death stare of eternal des
pair upon their countenances as the
waters gurgled over them.
To a gambler's death bed there comes
no hope. Ho will probably die alone.
His former associates como not nigh
his dwelling. When the hour comes
his miserable soul will go out of a mis
erable life into a miserable eternity.
As his poor remains pass tho house
where he was ruined, old companions
may look out a moment and say,
"There goes the old carcass dead at
last," but thoy will not get up from tho
table. Let him down now into his
grave. Plant no treo to east its shade
there, for tho long, deep, eternal gloom
that settles there is shadow enough.
Plant no "forget-me-nots" or eglan
tines around the spot, for flowers were
not made to grow on such a bfasted
heath. Visit it not in tho sunshine, for
that would bo mockery, but in the dis
mal night when no stars aro out and
the spirits of darkness coma down
horsed on the wind, then visit the grave
of the gambler!
"If 'twere down, when 'tis down, it were
well 'twere down iinicklv"! is whnt n person
thinks when he is contemplating: tnkinir a
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Hartford, Conn., Boston, St. Louis. ii,uo hi pw
wisli to nnnoiince to those liavintr claims
rainst the Government (jrowinn out of the lnte
iir, that I am prepared to prosecute any and
1 kinds ol claims. Special attention is called
loose oavuiK i t-jccicm , minis, i uiso nave
?ry facility, second to none, to prosecute
ims under the Department Pension Kill.
iv do you Rive your claims to parties that
vou uo not Know, wnen you can nave it none at
home as well? Correspondence solicited.
PORTER G. HODQDON,
Pension and Bounty Attv.,
Lato ol tho 11th Yt. Refit.
Men test everything
The test of a church is the man
produces; of a government, the nation it produces; of a medicine, the cure
it produces ; of a fertilizer, the crop it produces ; of a manufacturer, the
goods he produces.
Such tests make what
The reputation of a fertilizer is
practical farmers who have tested its
series of years.
Money Cannot buy
money. Being so valuable, can you
The reputation of Bradley s l-ertilizers is simply the combined voices o
thousands of farmers, who speak to you
" Use them." . . .
"They helped me to become prosperous." . . .
"They doubled my crops, and so doubled my profits." . . .
"Once used, you will never omit them." . . .
TOT thirty years we
experiments in the field, to secure the
to produce the largest possible crops
We believed, and
lizer prepared with special regard
of its plant-foods would secure the
NO farmer Can attOrd to ignore this experience. We
offer the story of the results of it
Farmer," which will be sent free to
HARRISON DODGE. AGENT, WIORRISVILLE, VT.
Odorless and Smokeless Kerosene
No. 1 Fine Middlings, Sl.JiO per 100
$1.35 per 100 lbs. sacked. No. 1 Feed Corn and Oats, 81.40 per 100 lbs.
No. 1 Corn Meal, SI. 40 per 100 lbs. Best Quality Sacked Bran,
$1.80 per lOD lbs. City l'astry Flour, S5.50. Howe's
Best, $5.75. Mill runs Tuesdays and Wednes
days for custom work, and longer it' the work comes in.
Lime, Brick, Cement, Arch Castings and Fronts always in stock.
I quote old growth heart nine Sap
coats outside and in, at i!0e. 14jt. U
above. IC-qt. Best Uuality Jtin San liuckets, soldered both sides, at 1:4c. I so
licit your orders lor galvanized iron
Arches and 1'ans, ISussia iron Sap fans. Compartment 1'ans, (fathering Fails,
Sugar Fails, Syrup Cans, round and square, or anything pertaining to the tin
business. We are prepared to do all kinds of repair work, furnish arch pipe, re
pair evaporators, or any kin J of work
have got made up for sugar makers. 1 am agent for
THE BELLOWS FALLS EVAPORATORS AND ARCHES.
All in want will do well to place orders
...-leading kmds. Kubber lubing and Hose, Bits and Braces ot all kinds.
16 Founds Granulated Sugar, $100 ; 7 Bars Lenos Soap, 25 ct:
Best 25c. Tea ia Town.
Foik.Lard, Salmon, Codfish, Bice, Raisins, Coffee, Whole and Ground Spices
strictly pure Graham, Buckwheat, Granulated Meal. Brown Bread Flour,
Oatmeal, Boiled Oats, and Wheat. Canned Tomatoes, Peas, Beans,
Peaches, Pears, Corn. Largest line and variety of Tobacco and
Cigars shown in town.
DHHTP AMH OUnrrO 5est quality Woonsocket and Boston
null I H M U Onijr
- - -
Em-All Oil-Grained Children's, 1 ouths' and Boys' School Shoes. Every pair
warranted. I can show you as fine an
ana liress biioes as can ueiouna in iamoiue uo. ieggins. Kubiters and Arc
ties in full assortment. A good Arctic for $1.00. A good Oil-Grain Shoe for
$1.00. A good, whole-stock Calf Boot for 81.50. A good, whole-stock Calf
Hoot, Tap Sole, for $2.00. Hand-Made Kip Boots, $2.50 and $2.75. Try oar $3.00
Oil-Gram lioot and S2.00 warranted
fLW I want to buy wood, logs, shingles, corn, oats, bailey, buckwheat, and
other iarm produce, in exchange lor goods. i,ggs 'zoc. doz.
H, N. GRAY, Cambridge, Vt.
WmM W Ml
(TRYSTAU GEM SPEGTACUES
DR. HUBBELL will be at the hotel in
Johnson, Thursday and Friday, Mar. 5 & G.
Scientific adjustment of Spectacles a spe
cialty. Every case guaranteed.
At Home Office,
in every month.
GRANITE STATE PfflMiUT ASSOCIATION
- ' or MANCHESTER, IST H.
Dr. J. C. Moore, President ; C. IYroival Stewart. Viee-rresulent ;
Hiram D. Upton, Treasurer; K. K. IStirlhiKHiiie, Secretary.
0,700 members enrolled. 40,000 shares sold. Tar value of oei tilieates issued S,ooo,ooo.
Tlie following is a letter In replv to inquiries
the Granite State 1'rovident Association:
State of New Hampshire, Office of Hank Commissioners: .Tames O. Lyford, Concord; William
A. Heard, Concord; Alplieus Baker, l.ehtiuon; Commissioners.
CoM iiltn, N. II.. Dee. 1. 1SW.
llEAit Sir: In reply to your inquiry of the relative to the financial condition of the
riranite State Provident Association, we have the honor to irform you that- the Association
was chartered by the Legislature of this State, and is doinn the business of a building and loan
association, liy the laws of this State all biiildint; and loan associations are placed under the
supervision of the Hank Commissioners. We have recently made a complete examination of
the books and accounts of the (iranite State Provident Association from the beuinnintr of its
business to November 3. WW. We find the Association solvent with assets mole than sulllcient
to meet its liabilities and transacting business in accordance with its charter.
Very respectfully yours, ,Iami:s (I. I,vfohi, 1 Rank
Ai.riieus W. Hakek, ) Commissioners
For Particulars, address
J. C. R0BHTS02T, Agent, Morris ville, Yt.
Office at Robinson's Dental Booms
Jly ElMf Allll OOSAST,
PHIXCII'AL KANlHll.ru NOKMAL SCHOOL.
Three parts in one book : Geography. History
and Civil Government. L'ss panes, cloth IL'ino..
illustrated, and contains n new maps. Kndorsed
by leading men of the Stale, adopted in many
schools, and recommended to read and study.
Sample copv bv mail on receipt of $1.L'". Mm3
Tiik Tl'TTLE Company. Pub'rs. Itutland, Vt.
WILCOX & WHITE ORGANS.
Have you examined the Matlmsliek I'lanos ?
If not. be sure iiml do so before buying, and send
for my very low prices and esy terms. They
stand in tune with one-fourth tlieexp use of any
other and are much the cheapest In the end.
Tha Wilcox & White Organs are too well
known to require comment.
Orders by mall will receive prompt attention.
Bend for catalogues and prices.
A. H. COTCLES, Gen. Agent,
Barton - Vermont.
in this world by what it produces
it produces ; of a school, the pupil i
men call REPUTATION'.
the estimation placed upon it by the
merits, by what it produces for a Ion
It. It is more valuable, then, than
afford to ignore it?
down the last thirty years, and say :
have studied, with long and arduous
best materials in the right proportions
of the best quality.
time has proved, that a ferti
to the QUALITY and CONDITION
in our pamphlet, " Bradley's American
any one who will send his address to
CO., 27 Kitty St., Boston.
Oil, buy it from 11. .X Gray, 15 cts. pal.
lbs. sacked. No. 1 Fine White Middlings
Buckets, 16 (its. 3-lioops, painted two good
- hoop, 17c. Every bucket guaranteed as
Gathering Tubs. Syrup Cans, Sugaring-off
you want done. Call and see what we
early. In Sap Spouts I have all of the
tVKubber jjoots, - a good, solid
un-Giain Hoot, SU.50. Try our .N ox
assortment of gent's and boys' Every llay
Calt 1-iress shoe.
Wolcott, last week
addressed to the Hank Commissioners in regard to
In Ubo 30 yenrs. Tho oni7 ivwifnl remedy tor
Nervous Debility, Vital Weakness,
mid Prostration, from over-work or other causes.
$1 por vial, or 6 vialnand Ijuki vil powder, tor $5.
Soi.D n l TOfiisrs, TH'iit postpnM on receipt
of price. HUMPH Rt-YS' MEDICINE CO ,
Cor. William and John St., N Y.
"V A pamphlet of Information and ab- If f
it met of the laws, showing How tut
rfT tlhttiin Patents, ("aveal , Trade TV
V 1 Slarks, Copyriehts, lent frtt.'
VVVAdHM MUNN A CQ.sf
In closing out my miscella
neous business, I again find my
self with considerable property
that I have no use for. I havo
heretofore found the columns
of the News and Citizen a
very excellent medium through
which to reach
Lamoille County when I had
anything to offer, and I again
come to its readers as in days
of yore with my offerings. They
are as follows:
in good condition, not old, worth, new,
$75. Will sell to-day for half that sum.
1 TWO-HORSE LUMBER WAGON!
not a very desirable wagon but has consid
erable wear in it. Will sell it for 612.50.
m Will OMOISSE TD1TERSE SLEDS
This is a fair pair of second-hand Sleds, and
to any one wanting anything of the kind
reasonable at the price I ask, $10.
One Pair One-Horse Traverse Sleighs I
in good condition, light, and exaaf , adapt
ed for a light Express Slci.
Will sell for $10.
purchased by me new
has been run 200 miles. Will sell lor $G0.
One Set Store Counters and Drawers.
These wero taken out
occupy as an office.
they are worth.
them they can have
T O V E.
Cook, Parlor and Box.
I still have a couple dozen, more
my offer, made heretofore to
them at less than they cost me
cash. My assortment is considerably broken and in order to
close out what I havo left I will
AH the above
be sold on liberal terms of pay
ment. Don't expect cash if you
have not got it,
either good paper, security, or
enough paid down to make se
curity upon property sold am
ple beyond a doubt.
THE BEST IN
. Cross & Son,
' ' 1 ALSO MANUFACTURFRS OF
the people of
last fall. Think it
of the buildinir I now
1 don't know what
If anybody wants
at a nominal sum.
or less, of stores. I continue
Lamoille County, to wit, to sell
and they were tought low for
sell them very low.
but must have
Cakroll S. Page.
It I lliird to WaMo It,
Some Mlvertim-rs have nn Mii that
only copte KiiiH to paid tip sulmrrilxT
are useful to them. This is not quite no.
For example, nupposo a journal litis 2.,.
(MM) nctnal nubscrilxTS to whom tho
mikt K''" regularly. Suppose it print
5.0(H) extra copies n week, wliieli nro sent
ns Kjiet'iiiierM to poo'l part ies, whom? nl
dresses nre supplied liy its neiiU nnd
readers, nnd mails 5.000 ono week to one
net of Jierxons, the) next week to litiolher
net of 5,000 nnd so on. In thin way 2W,
000 extra imtsoiis uro reached during the
year, whilo if thn extra 5.000 won wnt
every week to 5,000 paying milwerilxTs
only that number cotil. I 1 reached. In
the former ease 2S.",000 persons nro
reiiohed. In tho latter caso oidy Jjo.ooo
all told. A person receiving u copy of a
journal which he has not iceii lx ft.ro,
with a request to examine it, will umnlly
look all through it. advertisements (ind
nil. Such a course is tin useful to tho
yearly advertiser as if his card wens rent
to the whole 2S5.0O0 persons, or even
more so, for his Mingle loose card rceeivin
far less attention than would hr- found
in tho column of n reputable journal.
Orange Judd Fanner.
Tin; Art of Ail vert ImIijj.
Advertising seems to be nn art yet to
lye discovered by some Jieople. That
i. the practical part of it. A con
stant stream of water from one or more
fire engine will s.Hin extinguish or get
tinder control ii very large lire, while n
few buckets of water, dashed on here
and there, have little or no effect. The
modern fire department is practical, and
ha outgrown the old bucket ystein;
nnd eo with modem advertising plenty
of It, ued in n practical, common senso
and judicious manner, pay.
If you want to catch a certain kind of
fish you use a certain kind of bait: not
all fish bite at all kinds of bait. Not all
people respond to every ttdverlisetiient
Tho newpnier is n medium
Ruble to the majority of advertiser, lie
cause of its wide and repeating circula
tion. As a promoter of trade itw 1 profit
ticwFpatMT advertising is no longer r.n
oK-n question: that ts, when done In a
practical and intelligent manner, it .
pays Is-cause of its i-fTi-v tivenes r. .d
cheapness. IJeatriee (cli.) Dcmocrn.
We nil recognize that as bet wee i t:i
fellow who works "liy fits and . i! t"
ami the chap who plods along and Arrx
at it steadily, the plodder gets tliere
every time. The spasmodic, fello-.v ..: ;y
create an occasional impression. I .it thn
results of his fitful labor are dissipated
in the intervals.
The occasional display of fire. .-.it :.s
only nerve the pnrpoKeof preventing bis
U-iiig forgotten altogether; while t.u
man who works, and keep work in:;, r i.i
stantly improves ,hi position und nm-w-cts.
So it is with a lvertiin . It i th re
peated "ad" and thesustuine 1 oT rt t':.it
tell. We don't mean the "ad" that is
never 7ki ,. but the one tlntUrrvr
chnmjinij, but never omitted! The wi-w
advertiser keepi always before t li j -pie
to whom he desire to sell his ware.
When you want to quit doing business
stop advertising, or advertise only "once
in a while."
IV I'.ili C! Uo Pointed!
In preparing t'teir announcements ad
vertisers will usually do well to confine
their statements to one. or ut moot, u
very few points. Few tiersoti can do
well more than one thing at a time, and
it is much the same with the memory;
but one or two points in any statement
make un impression and are retained.
As the number of Mints is increased the
probability of any of them making nn
impression and bringing returns is pro
-Too Much Is Plenty."
An ndvertisement for a wife i i a Col
orado pajier brought such a heavy mail
to the advertiser. Mr. Paul White, a
prosTerous ranchman nt Rocky Ford.
Colo., that he had to convey it from the
postoflice to hi ranch tn barrels in his
farm wagon. For a month he has ietit
his e"etiiuga perusing hi correspond
ence, and he has not yet made a choice.
-New York Weekly.
A Common Sense View.
Nearly every busine&s has its "dull
season." during which a good advertise
ment will do faithful work day and
night, rain or shine, in familiarizing
consumers with the name, location and
!)ecialties or advantages of the adver
tiser, so that wdien the time to buy conies
be reaps the benefit of his seed sowing.
Azro OofTs Circular.
It All Takes Tlmo.
Don't be prejudiced. liecunse at ons
time yon put a short local in your town
newspajn'r for one week, and "car
tooned" nil the fence boards in the vicin
ity, don't give up, get discouraged and
say that you have tried advertising, re
solved that it dii'n't iwiy and decided not
to do any inorj of it. Warren (Ills.)
Development In Atlvct-f dalntf.
In no department of the modern news
paper has there been greater and mure
marked improvements shown than in
the field of advertising. There is a greater
display of taste nnd literary style in the
composition, und an evident effort is
made to appeal to tho intelligence and
refinement of tho reader. This is wen
not only in the ndvertise::i -tits of the
large mercantile establishm 'tits, where
trained skill is employed, but ns well in
the three line advertisement which ts
written by the advertiser liimclf. un 1
which, in terseness nnd directness of
style, can lay claim to great literary
merit. The development of advertising
may yet lead to the establishment of
sMcial coursi-s of training In business
colleges. Already uearly $j..OoO.OOO are
spent annually in the United State In
newspaper advertising, every dollar of
which, if used judiciously, h.ut returned
a large interest to tho investor. Phila
You Must Have the Muff.
Advertising alone no matter how ex
cellent cannot build up a big trade or
make a house great; jet vital impor
tance hinges upon advertising, for very
few concerns havo ever reached cohwsal
proportions without liber.nl and intelli
gent advertising. I have in my mind
four words that mean much:
Variety, Stylo. Quality. Pricel
The store that has these, and in its
advertisements tells its story in a plain,
fair, square way that's attractive nnd
readable, is bound to prosper. Henry
Curtin in Clothing Gazette.
Don't lie Afraid.
Too little advertising is like sowing too
little seed. A farmer in planting com
puts a numlier of grains into each hill,
and is satisfied if one good healthy stalk
comes from each planting. It's the con
stant advertiser that is Imund to attract
attention. It's tho succession of bright,
catchy advertisements that refuse to In
ignored. That the proper time mut !
allowed for the fruit to grow, ripen and
Ik? gathered i: a true as that wheat can
not lie reaped tho day after it is sown.
Mix Your Ink with Seti
Of course there' money in printers'
Ink. but the man who make the mort
intelligent use of it gets the most tnot.ejr
out of it. It doc not pay to ndvert.se
something you have not got. or anything
you cannot do. and do well The man
who advertise a fraud must have a
"good" fraud, and lie who advertise
bargain in good must be prepared to
satisfy his customer. Any advertiser
should undertake to present eome sort
of a claim for patronage.
Not a Charity.
In any just view of a quarter of a
century of journalistic work tho most
prominent feature, nnd one giving great
satisfaction to respectable publisher. U
that printing a newspaper h is becomo
reooguized as a business and not a char
ity. Owen Scott.
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